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									                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:              Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             I. Read aloud
Read aloud
                              Read the following passage aloud, making a pause between sense
Audiovisual supplements       groups.
                                                           Self-Reliance
                                                             (Excerpt)
                                                                               Ralph Waldo Emerson
                                  I read the other day some verses written by an eminent painter/
                              which were original and not conventional./ The soul always hears an
                              admonition in such lines,/ let the subject be what it may./ The
                              sentiment they instill/ is of more value than any thought they may
                              contain./ To believe your own thought,/ to believe that what is true
                              for you in your private heart/ is true for all men,/ — that is genius./
                              Speak your latent conviction,/ and it shall be the universal sense;/ for
                              the inmost in due time becomes the outmost,/ — and our first
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             thought is rendered back to us/ by the trumpets of the Last
                             Judgment./ Familiar as the voice of the mind is to each,/ the highest
Read aloud                   merit we ascribe to Moses,/ Plato,/ and Milton/ is,/ that they set at
Audiovisual supplements
                             naught books and traditions,/ and spoke not what men but what they
                             thought./ A man should learn to detect and watch that gleam of light/
                             which flashes across his mind from within,/ more than the lustre of
                             the firmament of bards and sages./ Yet he dismisses without notice
                             his thought,/ because it is his./ In every work of genius/ we
                             recognize our own rejected thoughts:/ they come back to us with a
                             certain alienated majesty./ Great works of art have no more affecting
                             lesson for us than this./ They teach us to abide by our spontaneous
                             impression/ with good-humored inflexibility then most/ when the
                             whole cry of voices is on the other side./ Else,/ tomorrow/ a stranger
                             will say with masterly good sense precisely/ what we have thought
                             and felt all the time,/ and we shall be forced to take with shame our
                             own opinion from another./
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             II. Audiovisual supplements
Read aloud                   David Beckham’s World Cup Preparations
Audiovisual supplements
                             Questions:
                                1. Why did one of the boys show his back to us?
                                2. Are you one of Beckham’s fans? If you are, in what way does
                                   he charm you?
                             Answers for reference:
                                1. Because he wanted to show off Beckham’s signature on his back.
                                2. Reference words and phrases:
                                   the symbol of England’s World Cup ambitions
                                   his enthusiasm in his career — football playing
                                   be responsible for his fans and his family and some others who
                                   support him in his football career
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                                                          BBC News
                                         David Beckham’s World Cup Preparations
Read aloud
                             Anna Ford:     “We can win on Sunday against Sweden.” David
Audiovisual supplements                     Beckham had that positive message for England fans
                                            this morning just three days before their first World
                                            Cup match. And the captain revealed that among all the
                                            good luck messages the team’s received, is one from
                                            the Queen. Our sports correspondent Daniela Relph is
                                            with the England team in Japan, Daniela.
                             Daniela Relph: Well Anna, David Beckham has become the symbol of
                                            England’s World Cup ambitions. When he was injured
                                            there was gloom, now he’s back, there is a real mood of
                                            optimism here. And as he spoke today the England
                                            captain seemed extremely at ease with himself, and
                                            more than ready for the task ahead.
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:              Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             Fans:          Beckham! Beckham!
                             Daniela Relph: There is one name dominating the headlines and just
Readaloud                                   one man the local schoolchildren want to see. No
Audiovisual supplements                     other England player is under the same kind of
                                            pressure as the captain. The return of an injury-free
                                            David Beckham has lifted the whole squad. Today he
                                            admitted there were times that he thought his World
                                            Cup was over. And he spoke of the two months of
                                            anguish he’d suffered over his injured foot.
                             David Beckham: There’s been, obviously, a lot of hype around it. I’ve
                                            had a lot of well-wishes, from you know, from family,
                                            friends, up to the Queen, which has been nice. But, no,
                                            it’s, it’s been good. You know, it’s, it’s been hard at
                                            times. Because you know, I wanted to be fit so badly.
                                            And it’s just finally, this last week, it’s all come
                                            together.
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:               Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities     Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             Daniela Relph: Few players can rival Beckham in popularity here in
                                            Japan. The lucky children who got an autograph were
Read aloud
                                            the envy of their friends and keen to show it off. The
Audiovisual supplements
                                            England captain now takes the adulation in his stride.
                             David Beckham: I’m a grounded person. You know, I’ve been brought
                                            up well by my mum and dad. And you know I have
                                            got a lovely wife behind me, and a son, and that’s,
                                            that’s the sort of things that keep your feet on the
                                            ground. You know, it’s, it’s hard because, you know,
                                            there are so many people looking at you and taking
                                            pictures, and you know, I’ve got used to it, you know,
                                            and at times, most of the time, you enjoy it.
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




Read aloud

Audiovisual supplements




                                                                      ■
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:             Section Two:       Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading     Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             I. Text analysis
Text analysis

Structural analysis
                                  The author tells of his frustrating experiences as a toupee
                              model, his problems, progress and success in broadcasting. He
Cultural background
                              has learned from his experiences that one’s success largely lies in
                              the discovery of one’s real potential.
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:            Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading          Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             II. Structural analysis
Text analysis

Structural analysis           Paragraph 1           —            reasons for his job transfer
Cultural background
                              Paragraphs 2 – 13     —            his frustrating experience as a toupee
                                                                 model

                              Paragraphs 14 – 27 —               his problems, progress and success in
                                                                 broadcasting
                              Paragraph 28          —            comments on his successful career
                                                                 transition
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:              Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             III. Cultural background
Text analysis                                            American Men Don’t Cry
Structural analysis              American men don’t cry because it is
Cultural background          considered not characteristic for men to do so.
                             Only women cry. To cry is a characteristic
                             “weakness” of the female, and no American
                             male wants to be identified with anything in
                             the least weakness or feminine. Crying, in
                             A m e r i c a n c ul t ur e , i s i de n t i f i e d wi t h
                             childishness, with weakness and dependence.
                             No one likes a crybaby, and Americans
                             disapprove of crying even among children, discouraging it in them as
                             early as possible. On a land so devoted to the pursuit of happiness as
                             theirs, crying is really un-American. Adults must learn not to cry in
                      Me and My Big Mouth
    Section One:              Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             situations in which it is permissible for a child to cry. Women,
                             although being the “weaker” and “dependent” sex, it is only natural
Text analysis
                             that they cry under certain emotive situations. For women, crying is
Structural analysis          excusable. But for men, crying is a mark of weakness. So it goes the
Cultural background          American belief with regard to crying.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:              Section Two:       Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading     Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                                                 Me and My Big Mouth
                             When my football-playing career ended, I had no idea how I wanted
                         to spend the rest of my life. Fortunately for me, there is a fine tradition
                         in this country that if you are a successful athlete or performer, people
                         supposedly want to eat the same peanut butter that you do, drink the
                         same beer, wear the same pants, etc.
                             That’s how I got involved in the worst product endorsement I ever
                         did. I am bald and I agreed to be the spokesman for a toupee company.
                             The basic concept of the campaign was that if a he-man football
                         player like Terry Bradshaw was not embarrassed to wear a toupee, no
                         one else should be. To show potential customers how good I looked
                         with hair, the company made and distributed to salons all over the
                         country a plastic model of my head. These salons then stuck a toupee on
                         the model and put it on the counter or in the front window.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              They made the mold for my head at a Holiday Inn near the
                         Shreveport Regional Airport. I lay down on a bed while people stuck
                         straws up my nose so I could breathe, and then covered my entire
                         head with plaster.
                             The plaster began drying too quickly, and they had trouble
                         getting it off my head. In the meantime I was having difficulty
                         breathing.
                             There were lots of bad ways to die, but being suffocated by
                         plaster while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display is
                         high on the list.
                             Eventually, they mass-produced my head, and it did look just like
                         me. The toupee people were so proud of the plastic bust that they
                         mailed one to my dad. The problem was I didn’t tell him it was
                         coming.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:               Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities     Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             This big box arrived at my parents’ house, and my father opened it
                         up. He was shocked to see me looking right back at him. “Novis,” he
                         yelled to my mother, “you better get in here. They sent us Terry’s head in
                         a box.”
                             It bothered my mother so much that they put it back in the box and
                         stored it in the attic.
                             As another part of the deal, I filmed several toupee commercials. In
                         one, I swam with a hairpiece on as an announcer said, “You, too, can
                         have a full robust life with our toupee. Look how natural it looks.” Then
                         I surfaced with what looked like road kill stuck to my head.
                             Maybe the worst part of the deal was that I agreed to wear a toupee
                         whenever I appeared in public. One day I was playing in a pro-am golf
                         tournament on a hot afternoon. Sweat was pouring out from under the
                         dense synthetic wig. Finally I just couldn’t take it anymore; I went
                         behind a tree, ripped off the hairpiece and shoved it into my back pocket.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             What I didn’t realize was that I had cut my head when I took it
                         off, so my scalp was bleeding. I spent the rest of the tournament
                         walking around with blood running down my face and the hairpiece
                         hanging out of my pocket like a squirrel’s tail.
                             After that, for some reason, the company decided I was not a
                         proper spokesman for their toupee and fired me. I had to hand in my
                         hair.
                             Once again I needed to find a way to make a living. Talking is
                         what I can do best, and I like to make people smile. When I was
                         playing, reporters like to interview me because I gave them good
                         sound bites.
                             Luckily, this had attracted the attention of TV network executives.
                         One day my phone rang. A CBS executive asked, “Want $5,000 for
                         just talking?” and that is how I got into the broadcasting business
                         long term.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             When I signed with CBS, Terry O’Neil, the executive producer
                         of CBS Sports, teamed me with veteran play-by-play announcer
                         Verne Lundquist. Verne was facing a big challenge; he had to teach
                         me how to do my job before I destroyed his career.
                             My first broadcast was a preseason game in San Diego between
                         the Chargers and some other team. As a quarterback, the big picture
                         had been the only thing that mattered to me, but as a broadcaster I
                         soon learned it was the small frames that made up the big picture.
                             I didn’t know the players and their assignments; I didn’t know
                         when to talk and when to keep quiet. I didn’t know what to look at,
                         how to describe what I was seeing.
                             There was so much I didn’t know and I didn’t even know it.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             I would not describe my first game as a disaster, mostly
                         because that would be understating how truly bad I was. For
                         example, in about the middle of the first quarter it became obvious
                         to me that in addition to a lack of knowledge and preparation, I had
                         a serious problem.
                             “Verne,” I said, “I can’t see a thing down there.” I had never
                         watched a football game from that distance in my life. All I could
                         see was a bunch of people with numbers I couldn’t read running
                         around.
                             “Really,” said Verne, amazingly calm, considering that the
                         broadcasting partner he was depending on for insightful
                         commentary had just announced he was basically useless. “We’ve
                         got to get you binoculars for the next game.”
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             Gradually I got better. Very, very gradually. The first few games
                         I was probably more nervous than at any time during my entire
                         playing career. I would always bring two clean shirts with me,
                         because I knew I was going to sweat through one of them. Maybe I
                         was so nervous because I really cared. I worked hard. I wanted to
                         be good, to please the viewers. And I needed that job.
                             With a lot of help from Verne, I guess I did okay because CBS
                         eventually offered me another job as co-host of “The NFL Today”
                         with Greg Gumbel. I’d be the analyst. Before the first show I was
                         extremely nervous. Then, minutes before we went on the air, a
                         heavy boom microphone smacked me upside the head so hard it
                         nearly knocked me out. I felt dizzy, sick to my stomach, and my
                         ears rang.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             In a strange way, that hit in the head relaxed me. Being in the
                         studio was brand-new to me, but I could relate it to a pain in my
                         head. During my playing career, there had been many games when
                         I had to play hurt, but as one reporter wrote, this was the first time I
                         had to talk hurt.
                             Fortunately all went well. Since then I’ve gone from CBS to
                         Fox, and have made the transition from football player to football
                         entertainer. My role on TV is not to be serious. People do not want
                         to hear me speak football, things like “That’s the old sixty-six
                         inside release.” They expect to hear me say things like “The Giants
                         are having a bad offensive day, and they’ve got to make some
                         changes. It’s like when I went fishing with my dad last week and
                         we were catching a lot of fish and all of a sudden we couldn’t catch
                         mud. ”
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              “Then my daddy said to me, ‘Son, either these fish got real
                         bright all of a sudden or they are not interested in these lures. We got
                         to change lures.’ When the defensive isn’t biting, you’ve got to
                         change your offensive at half-time. You got to change lures.”
                              For a man who thought his best talent was throwing an inflated
                         ellipsoid a long way, I’ve been fortunate in my career. In the end I
                         discovered my real talent — just being myself.
                                                                                     1,373 words
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:              Section Two:       Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading     Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                                                 Me and My Big Mouth
                             When my football-playing career ended, I had no idea how I wanted
                         to spend the rest of my life. Fortunately for me, there is a fine tradition
                         in this country that if you are a successful athlete or performer, people
                         supposedly want to eat the same peanut butter that you do, drink the
                         same beer, wear the same pants, etc.
                             That’s how I got involved in the worst product endorsement I ever
                         did. I am bald and I agreed to be the spokesman for a toupee company.
                             The basic concept of the campaign was that if a he-man football
                         player like Terry Bradshaw was not embarrassed to wear a toupee, no
                         one else should be. To show potential customers how good I looked
                         with hair, the company made and distributed to salons all over the
                         country a plastic model of my head. These salons then stuck a toupee on
                         the model and put it on the counter or in the front window.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              They made the mold for my head at a Holiday Inn near the
                         Shreveport Regional Airport. I lay down on a bed while people stuck
                         straws up my nose so I could breathe, and then covered my entire
                         head with plaster.
                             The plaster began drying too quickly, and they had trouble
                         getting it off my head. In the meantime I was having difficulty
                         breathing.
                             There were lots of bad ways to die, but being suffocated by
                         plaster while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display is
                         high on the list.
                             Eventually, they mass-produced my head, and it did look just like
                         me. The toupee people were so proud of the plastic bust that they
                         mailed one to my dad. The problem was I didn’t tell him it was
                         coming.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:               Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities     Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             This big box arrived at my parents’ house, and my father opened it
                         up. He was shocked to see me looking right back at him. “Novis,” he
                         yelled to my mother, “you better get in here. They sent us Terry’s head in
                         a box.”
                             It bothered my mother so much that they put it back in the box and
                         stored it in the attic.
                             As another part of the deal, I filmed several toupee commercials. In
                         one, I swam with a hairpiece on as an announcer said, “You, too, can
                         have a full robust life with our toupee. Look how natural it looks.” Then
                         I surfaced with what looked like road kill stuck to my head.
                             Maybe the worst part of the deal was that I agreed to wear a toupee
                         whenever I appeared in public. One day I was playing in a pro-am golf
                         tournament on a hot afternoon. Sweat was pouring out from under the
                         dense synthetic wig. Finally I just couldn’t take it anymore; I went
                         behind a tree, ripped off the hairpiece and shoved it into my back pocket.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             What I didn’t realize was that I had cut my head when I took it
                         off, so my scalp was bleeding. I spent the rest of the tournament
                         walking around with blood running down my face and the hairpiece
                         hanging out of my pocket like a squirrel’s tail.
                             After that, for some reason, the company decided I was not a
                         proper spokesman for their toupee and fired me. I had to hand in my
                         hair.
                             Once again I needed to find a way to make a living. Talking is
                         what I can do best, and I like to make people smile. When I was
                         playing, reporters like to interview me because I gave them good
                         sound bites .
                             Luckily, this had attracted the attention of TV network executives.
                         One day my phone rang. A CBS executive asked, “Want $5,000 for
                         just talking?” and that is how I got into the broadcasting business
                         long term.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             When I signed with CBS, Terry O’Neil, the executive producer
                         of CBS Sports, teamed me with veteran play-by-play announcer
                         Verne Lundquist. Verne was facing a big challenge; he had to teach
                         me how to do my job before I destroyed his career.
                             My first broadcast was a preseason game in San Diego between
                         the Chargers and some other team. As a quarterback, the big picture
                         had been the only thing that mattered to me, but as a broadcaster I
                         soon learned it was the small frames that made up the big picture.
                             I didn’t know the players and their assignments; I didn’t know
                         when to talk and when to keep quiet. I didn’t know what to look at,
                         how to describe what I was seeing.
                             There was so much I didn’t know and I didn’t even know it.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             I would not describe my first game as a disaster, mostly
                         because that would be understating how truly bad I was. For
                         example, in about the middle of the first quarter it became obvious
                         to me that in addition to a lack of knowledge and preparation, I had
                         a serious problem.
                             “Verne,” I said, “I can’t see a thing down there.” I had never
                         watched a football game from that distance in my life. All I could
                         see was a bunch of people with numbers I couldn’t read running
                         around.
                             “Really,” said Verne, amazingly calm, considering that the
                         broadcasting partner he was depending on for insightful
                         commentary had just announced he was basically useless. “We’ve
                         got to get you binoculars for the next game.”
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             Gradually I got better. Very, very gradually. The first few games
                         I was probably more nervous than at any time during my entire
                         playing career. I would always bring two clean shirts with me,
                         because I knew I was going to sweat through one of them. Maybe I
                         was so nervous because I really cared. I worked hard. I wanted to
                         be good, to please the viewers. And I needed that job.
                             With a lot of help from Verne, I guess I did okay because CBS
                         eventually offered me another job as co-host of “The NFL Today”
                         with Greg Gumbel. I’d be the analyst. Before the first show I was
                         extremely nervous. Then, minutes before we went on the air, a
                         heavy boom microphone smacked me upside the head so hard it
                         nearly knocked me out. I felt dizzy, sick to my stomach, and my
                         ears rang.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             In a strange way, that hit in the head relaxed me. Being in the
                         studio was brand-new to me, but I could relate it to a pain in my
                         head. During my playing career, there had been many games when
                         I had to play hurt, but as one reporter wrote, this was the first time I
                         had to talk hurt.
                             Fortunately all went well. Since then I’ve gone from CBS to
                         Fox, and have made the transition from football player to football
                         entertainer. My role on TV is not to be serious. People do not want
                         to hear me speak football, things like “That’s the old sixty-six
                         inside release.” They expect to hear me say things like “The Giants
                         are having a bad offensive day, and they’ve got to make some
                         changes. It’s like when I went fishing with my dad last week and
                         we were catching a lot of fish and all of a sudden we couldn’t catch
                         mud. ”
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              “Then my daddy said to me, ‘Son, either these fish got real
                         bright all of a sudden or they are not interested in these lures. We got
                         to change lures.’ When the defensive isn’t biting, you’ve got to
                         change your offensive at half-time. You got to change lures.”
                              For a man who thought his best talent was throwing an inflated
                         ellipsoid a long way, I’ve been fortunate in my career. In the end I
                         discovered my real talent — just being myself.
                                                                                     1,373 words
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                         Fortunately for me, there is a fine tradition in this country that if you
                         are a successful athlete or performer, people supposedly want to eat
                         the same peanut butter that you do, drink the same beer, wear the
                         same pants, etc.
                             令我感到幸运的是,在我们国家有一个很好的传统。那就
                             是,如果你是一位成功的体育健将或者杰出的艺人,人们往
                             往会模仿你的饮食习惯以及穿着打扮。
                          Explanation:
                              The expression “fine tradition” here refers to people’s social
                              value. Terry Bradshaw lives in a society that worships idols.
                              Successful people, such as sports champions, pop singers and
                              movie stars, receive focal attention of the society. It is common
                              practice to follow their life styles. People try to imitate them,
                              such as wearing the same brand of jeans, having the same hair
                              style, etc. In this way they feel they are more or less accepted as
                              successful people too.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:              Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         I am bald and I agreed to be the spokesman for a toupee company.
                          Paraphrase:
                               I am bald and I agreed to accept the job as a wig-model for the
                              toupee company.
                                  我本来就秃顶,所以也就同意了为一家假发公司做形象代
                                  言人。
                  Me and My Big Mouth
Section One:              Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         There were lots of bad ways to die, but being suffocated by plaster
                         while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display is high on the
                         list.
                             糟糕的死亡方式很多,但被一个完全仿造自己头部制作的塑料
                             模型窒息而死则是最糟糕的。
                          Paraphrase:
                            1) … while getting your head duplicated ...: while an exact copy
                               of your head is being made.
                            2) … is high on the list: is near the top of the list. Here it means
                               that “being suffocated by plaster while getting your head
                               duplicated for a toupee display” was one of the worst ways to
                               die.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Then I surfaced with what looked like road kill stuck to my head.

                         Explanation:
                              “road kill” refers to whatever animals killed on roads. The
                             sentence means that the toupee he was wearing looked extremely
                             unnatural, just like a dead animal killed by a car stuck to his bald
                             head.
                             于是我戴上了那个假发套。发套制作得极不自然,像一只在
                             马路上被车撞死的动物一样粘在我的头上。
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         When I was playing, reporters like to interview me because I gave
                         them good sound bites.
                          Explanation:
                               Sound bite refers to a very brief broadcast statement, as by a
                               politician during a news report.
                               当我还是球员时,记者们就因为我在广播里的精彩发言而乐
                               意采访我。
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         As a quarterback, the big picture had been the only thing that mattered
                         to me, but as a broadcaster I soon learned it was the small frames that
                         made up the big picture.
                         Paraphrase:
                           When I was a quarterback I only cared about the winning of the games
                           I played, while as a broadcaster I had to present a detailed account of
                           what is going on in the field to the audience, which are the actions and
                           moments that make up the whole view of the game.
                         Explanation:
                           “Quarterback” is a position for a football player. It is an offensive
                           back who stands directly behind the center in a football match. In a
                           football game, the quarterback calls on offense. Figuratively, a
                           quarterback refers to a person who directs any group or activity. Here
                           the expression “the small frames” refers to a series of actions taking
                           place at particular moments (i.e. details) during a game. “The big
                           picture” refers to the general situation of the game (i.e. whether the
                           team is winning or losing).
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         We’ve got to get you binoculars for the next game.

                          Explanation:
                               Verne intentionally took what Terry said at face value. Note a
                               touch of humor here.
                               下场我们一定会给你准备一副望远镜。
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         For a man who thought his best talent was throwing an inflated
                         ellipsoid a long way, I’ve been fortunate in my career. In the end I
                         discovered my real talent—just being myself.
                          Paraphrase:
                             I thought my only talent was playing American football. (Of
                             course, it was one of my best talents.) But now I realize that my
                             real talent lies in how to make the best use of my potential
                             (“Talking is what I can do best, and I like to make people
                             smile”) and adapt myself to the changed situation.
                          Explanation:
                              “Inflated ellipsoid” is a substitute term for American football
                             with the shape of an ellipsoid that is inflated with air.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         involve v.

                           1) to engage as a participant
                         e.g. He involved the bystanders in his dispute with the police.
                           2) to contain as a part; to include
                         e.g. This lesson involves a lot of work.
                         Collocation:
                              1) be involved in
                              2) be involved with
                              3) become involved in
                              4) get involved with
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:
                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 他陷入了不幸。
                                 He has been involved in disaster.
                               2) 所有的孩子都参加了学校组织的戏剧演出。
                                All the children were involved in the school play.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          endorsement n.
                              expressing one’s approval or support, especially publicly
                          e.g. I got involved in the worst product endorsement.

                          Derivation:
                              endorse v.
                          e.g. endorse one’s opinions
                               The application was endorsed by the governors’ board.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:
                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 这名运动员为产品代言,得到高额报酬。
                               The athlete was highly paid to do endorsements of products.
                              2) 候选者们力争联盟的支持。
                               The candidates competed for the union’s endorsement.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         toupee n.

                           1) a piece of patch or false hair for covering a bald spot
                           2) a man’s wig
                           Practice:
                                Translate the following sentences into English:
                                1) 他不得不戴假发来遮掩住他的秃顶。
                                 He has to wear a toupee to cover his bald spot.
                                2) 我同意当一家男士假发公司的代言人。
                                 I agreed to be the spokesman for a toupee company.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          embarrass vt.
                            1) to cause sb. to feel self-conscious or ill at ease; to disconcert
                         e.g. Meeting adults embarrassed the shy child.
                            2) to involve in or hamper with financial difficulties
                         e.g. He was embarrassed by debts.
                            3) to hinder with obstacles or difficulties; to impede
                         e.g. Embarrassed by his heavy luggage, he could not walk fast.

                          Derivation:
                             embarrassment n.
                             embarrassedly adv.
                             embarrassingly adv.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Comparison:
                            abash; discomfit; disconcert
                            abash: to make ashamed or uneasy
                            discomfit: to thwart the plans of; to frustrate
                            disconcert: to upset the self-possession of; to ruffle
                          Practice:
                            Choose the proper word to fill in each of the following blanks.
                                     ___________
                            1) I was embarrassed by their compliments.
                            2) I stood _______ at his rebuke.
                                       abashed
                                       __________
                            3) He was discomfited by the unexpected questions.
                                                     ___________
                            4) Forgetting his speech disconcerted the speaker.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          potential customer
                          Paraphrase:
                             a person who may become a customer in the future
                          potential
                            1) adj. possible when the necessary conditions exist
                          e.g. A number of potential buyers have expressed interest in
                               the company.
                               Many potential customers are waiting for a fall in prices
                               before buying.
                            2) n. someone’s or something’s ability to develop, achieve or
                                succeed
                          e.g. The region has enormous potential for economic development.
                               I don’t feel I’m achieving my full potential in my present job.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Derivation:
                             potentially adv.
                          Practice:
                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 每粒种子都可能长成植物。
                               Every seed is a potential plant.
                              2) 在那台机器中有很多潜在的问题。
                               There are many potential problems in that machine.
                              3) 你要在本职工作中发挥你的潜力。
                               You should work out your potential in your present work.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         distribute v.

                              1) to divide or dispense in portions
                         e.g. In the 19th century the government distributed land to settlers
                              willing to cultivate it.
                              2) to deliver or pass out
                         e.g. distribute handbills on the street
                              3) to spread or diffuse over an area; to scatter
                         e.g. distribute grass seeds over the lawn
                              4) to apportion so as to evenly spread throughout a given area
                         e.g. 180 pounds of muscle that were well distributed over his 6-foot
                              frame
                         Collocation:
                              1) distribute ... over ...
                              2) distribute sth. to / among sb
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 农民们正在田间播种。
                               The farmers are distributing seeds over the field.
                              2) 请把书分发给学生。
                               Please distribute the books to the students.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          suffocate vt .& vi.

                            1) to kill or destroy by preventing access of air or oxygen
                         e.g. He was suffocated by plaster at last.
                            2) to cause discomfort by or as if by cutting off the supply of
                               fresh air
                         e.g. It was red-hot and all the windows were closed—she felt as
                               though she was going to suffocate.
                          Collocation:
                              be suffocated by/with sth.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 听到好消息,他兴奋得透不过气来。
                               Hearing the good news, he was suffocated with excitement.
                              2) 此地死板教条、拘泥形式,把她压得喘不过气来。
                               The rigid formality of the place suffocated her.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          duplicate v.
                              1) to make an exact copy of
                            e.g. to duplicate a key
                              2) to make twofold; to double
                            e.g. to duplicate expenses
                              3) to make or perform again; to repeat
                            e.g. He duplicated his former mistakes.
                            Derivation:
                               duplication n.
                            Synonym:
                               copy
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:
                             Translate the following sentence into English:
                             他们想知道他们儿子的头部怎么会被仿制成这样的模型。
                              They wondered how their son’s head could be duplicated like
                              this.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         mass-produce v.
                              to make large quantities of something, esp. so that it can be sold
                              cheaply
                         Practice:
                              Translate the following sentence into English:
                              那些产品原本在当地加工,现在大部分在远东地区成批生产。
                               The products used to be made locally, but now they are mostly
                               mass-produced in the Far East.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         bust n.
                           a sculpture representing a person’s head, shoulders, and upper chest
                         e.g. the bust of Pallas
                         Practice:
                           Translate the following sentence into English:
                           雕塑家对自己的杰作——那个美丽女郎的半身大理石雕像十分
                           满意,于是给她本人邮寄了一个。
                            The sculptor was so proud of his work—the marble bust of
                            that beautiful lady that he mailed one to her.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         open up v.

                             1) to spread out; to unfold
                           e.g. A green valley opened up before us.
                             2) to begin operation
                           e.g. The new store is to open up next month.
                             3) to begin firing
                           e.g. The artillery opened up at dawn.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 这个大箱子到达了我父母家,父亲把它打开了。
                               This big box arrived at my parents’ house, and my father opened
                               it up.
                              2) 我一进办公室,便迫不及待地启用关于目前这项工作的一
                                  个新计划。
                               I couldn’t wait to open up my new plan of the present work
                               when I stepped into my office.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         be shocked to

                           1) shock vt.
                              to strike with great surprise and emotional disturbance
                         e.g. I was shocked when I heard about your accident.
                           2) shock n.
                              a violent collision or impact; a heavy blow
                         e.g. That shock almost finished him.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 这情景使我大为震惊。
                               I was very much shocked at the sight.
                              2) 两列火车相碰,撞坏了窗户。
                              The two trains collided and the shock broke the windows.
                              3) 他妻子的死对他是一个沉重的打击。
                               It was a great shock for him when his wife died.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         yell
                           1) yell vi.
                              to cry out loudly, as in pain, fright, surprise, or enthusiasm
                         e.g. We yelled together for our team.
                           2) yell vt.
                              to utter or express with a loud cry; to shout
                         e.g. We yelled our good-byes as the bus left.
                           3) yell n.
                              a loud cry; a shout
                         e.g. a yell of pain
                         Comparison:
                           cry; shout
                           cry: to call loudly
                           shout: to say with or utter a cry
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 他大声叫她注意。
                                He yelled at her to be careful.
                              2) 他痛得叫喊。
                                He yelled with pain.
                              3) 在我们停留地不远处,传来了一阵痛苦的叫声。
                                We heard a yell of pain not far from our stay.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         hairpiece n.

                               (often euphemistic) a piece of false hair used to make one’s own
                               hair seem thicker
                         e.g. He appeared with a hairpiece on.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         robust adj.
                            strong and healthy; hardy; vigorous
                          e.g. a robust football player

                         Comparison:
                           healthy
                           healthy: in good health
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:
                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 他是一个精力充沛的孩子,他喜欢运动。
                                He is a robust boy; he enjoys sports.
                              2) 如果你经常锻炼且饮食得当,你会保持健康的。
                                If you exercise regularly and eat properly, you’ll stay fit and
                                healthy.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         surface v.
                            1) to emerge after concealment
                            2) to rise to the surface
                         e.g. A submarine surfaced outside the harbor.
                         Comparison:
                           emerge
                           Explanation:
                             1) to come forth from obscurity
                             2) to rise from or as if from immersion
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 我们期待着这个公司新领导的出现。
                               We expect the new leaders who may emerge to run this company.
                              2) 海洋哺乳动物必须定时浮出海面呼吸。
                               Sea mammals must emerge periodically to breathe.
                              3) 在港外,一艘潜水艇浮出水面。
                               A submarine surfaced outside the harbor.
                              4) 真相开始浮出水面。
                               The truth began to surface.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         pro-am n.
                         Explanation:
                             pro(fessional), am(ateur)
                             a competition, esp. in golf in which those taking part include both
                             professionals and amateurs
                         Explanation:
                            pro n.
                            1) an argument or a consideration in favor of something
                         e.g. weighing the pros and cons
                             Antonym:
                                 con
                            2) a professional, especially in sports
                          e.g. He is a pro in sports.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Explanation:
                            pro adj.
                            1) professional
                         e.g. a pro footballer
                            2) affirmative; supporting
                         e.g. a pro vote
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          synthetic adj.
                            of or relating to compounds, materials, etc., made by a chemical
                            process; not of natural origin
                          e.g. This synthetic dress material does not crush.
                          e.g. synthetic leather
                          Comparison:
                            artificial; synthetic; simulated
                            artificial is broadest in meaning and connotation
                            synthetic often implies the use of a chemical process to produce a
                                        substance that will look or function like the original,
                                        often with certain advantages, such as enhanced
                                        durability or convenience of use or care
                            simulated refers to what is made to resemble or substitute for
                            another often costlier substance
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:
                              Choose proper words to fill in the blanks.
                              1) an ________ smile
                                    artificial

                              2) a ________ fabric
                                   synthetic

                              3) a purse of _________ alligator hide
                                            simulated
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         wig n
                            an artificial covering of hair for the head, used to hide one’s
                            real hair or lack of hair
                         Synonyms:
                           hairpiece, toupee
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          scalp n.
                             the skin on the top of the human head, where hair grows
                         Collocation:
                            1) be out for sb’s scalp
                            2) call for sb’s scalp
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:
                            Translate the following sentences into English:
                            1) 听了这个故事,王子决定出去猎杀巨人。
                             Hearing this story, the Prince decided to go out for the giant’s
                             scalp.
                            2) 造反者们叫嚣着让执政党下野。
                             The insurrectionists are calling for the ruling party’s scalp.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          tournament n.
                              a competition in a sport or game in which each player or team
                              plays several matches, and the winner is the one who wins the
                              most matches
                         e.g. Thirty matches were played during the chess tournament,
                              which lasted three weeks.
                          Collocation:
                             friendship invitational tournament
                             open tournament
                          Comparison:
                             championship
                             championship: a competition to find the best player or team in a
                             particular sport especially one that involves several stages or games
                         e.g. We beat the Dodgers in the semifinals, and went on to win the
                              championship.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          fire vt & vi.
                               to discharge from a position; to dismiss
                          e.g. You’re fired.
                          Comparison:
                               lay off
                               lay off: to make workers, especially workers in a large factory
                               or organization, leave their jobs, because there is not enough
                               work for them to do, or not enough money to pay their salaries
                          e.g. Where demand for goods was shrinking, firms would close
                               down or lay off workers.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:
                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 根据劳动法,老板们再也不可以随心所欲地解雇工人了。
                                According to the Law of Labor, bosses can’t fire workers at will
                                any longer.
                               2) 你不能因为他们加入工会而开除他们,但是如果他们要罢
                                  工,那就另当别论了。
                                You couldn’t fire someone for joining a union, but you can if they
                                go on strike.
                                            1

                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          make a living
                               to maintain one’s life
                          e.g. They made their living by hunting.
                           Collocation:
                               1) earn/gain/get/make one’s living
                               2) eke out a living
                               3) good living
                               4) scrape a living
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:
                            Translate the following sentences into English:
                            1) 因父亲早逝,需要赡养瘫痪在床的母亲,他生活十分艰难。
                              It was a hard struggle to make a living because of the early death
                              of his father and the support for his paralyzed mother.
                            2) 我需要自谋生路。
                                I need to make a living by myself.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         CBS
                               It is the abbreviation for Columbia Broadcasting System (哥伦
                               比 亚 广 播 公 司 ). It is one of the three most popular
                               broadcasting companies in the United States. The other two
                               companies are ABC (American Broadcasting Company, 美国
                               广播公司) and PBS (Public Broadcasting Service, 公共广播公
                               司).
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          in addition to
                               over and above; besides
                          e.g. He had few friends in addition to us.
                          Practice:
                              Fill in the following blanks with in addition, in addition to.
                              1) Not only the editors but the proofreaders __________ are
                                                                              in addition
                                  working overtime.
                              2) ____________ milk and cheese, we need vegetables.
                                    In addition to
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          lack n.
                               a deficiency or an absence
                          e.g. a lack of money
                           Collocation:
                                 1) for lack of
                                 2) no lack of
                                 3) supply the lack
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:
                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 由于缺乏休息,他的脸色很苍白。
                                The lack of rest makes him look pale.
                               2) 这里什么也不缺。
                                There is no lack of anything.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          that
                               (usu. in negatives) so; to such a degree
                          e.g. He can’t walk that far.
                          Practice:
                                 1) 别把他的话那么当真。
                                  Don’t take what he says that seriously.
                                 2) 你的问题那样复杂吗?
                                  Is your problem that complicated?
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         a bunch of
                              (an informal American expression) a lot of (people or things)
                         e.g. I went to a bunch of stores but none of them sold the kind of coat
                              that I want.
                          bunch
                              1) (informal) a group of people usually having a common interest
                                 or association
                         e.g. My brother and his bunch are basketball fanatics.
                              2) (informal) a considerable number or amount; a lot
                         e.g. a bunch of trouble
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:
                               Translate the following expressions into Chinese:
                               1) a whole bunch of food
                                丰盛的食物
                               2) a bunch of sheep
                                一群羊
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          viewer n.
                               someone who is watching a particular television program
                          e.g. viewers of prime-time shows
                           Comparison:
                                 audience; spectator
                                 audience: the people listening to or watching a performance,
                                           speech, television show, etc.
                                 spectator: a person who watches esp. an event or sport
                                           without taking part
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:

                              Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the following words.
                              viewer; audience; spectator
                              1) That is a weekly show aimed at teenage _______ .
                                                                           viewers

                              2) The tenor expanded his ________ by recording popular songs
                                                        audience
                                 as well as opera.

                              3) I attended the horse race as a ________ .
                                                                spectator
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          go on the air
                               to broadcast
                          e.g. We went on the air. ( We began to broadcast it on television or
                               radio.)
                           Explanation:
                               air v.
                               to broadcast on television or radio
                          e.g. The ad was submitted to CBS, which accepted and aired it.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:
                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 这节目每日播放。
                                The program airs daily.
                               2) 趣闻将在今晚6点的新闻节目中播出。
                                Tidbits will air on tonight’s 6 o’clock news.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          smack v.
                               1) to collide sharply and noisily
                            e.g. The ball smacked against the side of the house.
                               2) to strike or hit
                            e.g. She smacked him with her open hand.
                             Collocation:
                                   smack against/into
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:
                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 他生气了,啪的一声把书摔在桌子上。
                                He smacked the book angrily on the table.
                               2) 他打了她一个耳光。
                                He smacked her in the face.
                               3) 我不小心撞到了桌子。
                                I smacked into the desk carelessly.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          knock out v.
                               1) to hit someone so hard that they fall down and become
                                   unconscious
                             e.g. Jackson hit Brian hard with his left fist and knocked him out
                                  instantaneously.
                               2) to render useless or inoperative
                             e.g. The storm knocked out the telephones.
                             Comparison:
                                   knock someone cold: to render someone totally unconscious;
                                                         to knock out
                                   knock off : (informal) to take a break or rest from; to stop
                                   knock down : (informal) to reduce, as in price
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          Practice:

                              Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the following phrases:
                              knock out (cold), knock off, knock down
                              1) We ___________ work at noon.
                                      knocked off

                              2) The manager decided to ______ all the radios _____ 20 percent.
                                                        knock                 down

                              3) After she knocked her head _______ she was unconscious for
                                           _______          out/cold
                                 several minutes.
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          offensive a.
                              1) disagreeable to the senses
                            e.g. an offensive odor
                              2) making an attack
                            e.g. The offensive troops gained ground quickly.
                             Synonyms:
                                  disgusting, loathsome, nasty
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:
                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 一句冒犯性的话
                                an offensive remark
                               2) 令人作呕的语言
                                disgusting language
                               3) 令人讨厌的疾病
                                a loathsome disease
                               4) 一股恶心的气味
                                a/an nasty/offensive smell
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                          inflate v.
                               to fill (something) with air or gas so as to make it swell
                          e.g. to inflate a tire
                           Synonyms:
                              blow up, swell
                           Antonym:
                                 deflate
                  Me and My Big Mouth
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                         Practice:
                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 骄傲而得意洋洋
                                inflate with pride
                               2) 给气球充气
                                inflate a balloon
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Vocabulary analysis
Vocabulary analysis

Grammar exercises                 1. Word comparison
Translation exercises             2. Word derivation
Exercises for integrated          3. Collocation practice
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Word comparison
Vocabulary analysis            Group 1: A. gather B. stand C. form D. perform
Grammar exercises              Explanation:
Translation exercises           A. Gather means to bring or come together in a group or mass.
Exercises for integrated
                              e.g. The tour guide gathered the visitors in the hotel lobby.
skills
                                B. Stand means to maintain an upright position on the feet.
Oral activities               e.g. We stood outside the shop.
Writing practice                C. Form means to arrange oneself in; serve to make up.
                              e.g. Holding out his arms, the cheerleader formed a T.
Listening exercises
                                   The acrobats formed a pyramid.
                                D. Perform means to carry out an action, an undertaking, or a
                                   procedure. The word often connotes observance of due form
                                   or the exercise of skill or care.
                              e.g. The ship’s captain performed the wedding ceremony.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis           Compare execute; accomplish; achieve
Grammar exercises             Execute implies performing a task or putting something into effect in
Translation exercises         accordance with a plan or design.
Exercises for integrated      Accomplish connotes the successful completion of something, often
skills
                              of something that requires tenacity or talent.
Oral activities

Writing practice
                              Achieve means to accomplish something especially by dint of effort
                              or despite difficulty; the term often implies a significant result.
Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis           Group 2: A. pain B. hit C. hurt D. harm
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises
                               A. Pain means to cause pain to; to hurt or injure.
Exercises for integrated
skills
                              e.g. My tooth is paining.
Oral activities                B. Hit means to come into contact with sth. forcefully; to strike.
Writing practice              e.g. The car hit the guardrail.
Listening exercises            C. Hurt means to cause physical damage or pain to; to injure.
                              e.g. Many people were hurt when the bus and a truck collided.
                               D. Harm means to do harm to; to injure.
                              e.g. Our dog won’t harm you.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Group 3: A. receive B. accept C. take D. catch
Vocabulary analysis           Explanation:
Grammar exercises              A. Receive means to take or acquire (something given, offered, or
Translation exercises
                                   transmitted); to get.
                              e.g. I received a good report of the group’s activities.
Exercises for integrated
skills                         B. Accept means to receive (something offered), especially with
Oral activities                    gladness.
Writing practice
                              e.g. I’ve received a gift from him, but I’m not going to accept it.
                               C. Take means to carry, convey, lead, or cause to go along to
Listening exercises
                                   another place.
                              e.g. Don’t forget to take your umbrella.
                               D. Catch means to take hold of, especially forcibly or suddenly; to
                                   grasp.
                              e.g. He caught me by the arm.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Group 4: A. separate B. divide C. scatter D. space
Vocabulary analysis
                              Explanation:
Grammar exercises              A. Separate means to set or keep apart; to disunite.
Translation exercises
                              e.g. The child’s parents have separated.
Exercises for integrated
                               B. Divide means to cause separation by or as if by cutting,
skills                             splitting, or branching into parts, portions, or shares; the term
Oral activities
                                   is often used to refer to separation into opposing or hostile
                                   groups.
Writing practice
                              e.g. We divided the orange into segments.
Listening exercises
                               C. Scatter means to cause to separate and go in different directions.
                              e.g. The farmer scattered the corn in the yard for the hens.
                               D. Space means to separate with spaces between.
                              e.g. Words should be double spaced.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Group 5: A. miss B. lose C. loosen D. slip
Vocabulary analysis           Explanation:
Grammar exercises              A. Miss means to let go by; to let slip.
Translation exercises
                              e.g. I have missed the best chance to go to that university.
Exercises for integrated
                               B. Lose means to let (oneself) become unable to find the way.
skills                             Lose one’s place means to let a reader become unable to find
Oral activities
                                   the exact place of the reading materials where he/she stopped
                                   reading last time.
Writing practice
                              e.g. Because the children kept interrupting her when she read the
Listening exercises
                                   book, she lost her place.
                               C. Loosen means to untie or make looser.
                              e.g. My belt is too tight; I must loosen it.
                               D. Slip means to slide out of place; to shift position.
                              e.g. The gear slipped.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                                Group 6: A. affect B. result C. effect D. attack
Vocabulary analysis            Explanation:
Grammar exercises              A. Affect means to have an influence on or effect a change in.
                              e.g. Inflation affects the buying power of the dollar.
Translation exercises
                               B. Result means the consequence of a particular action, operation,
Exercises for integrated
skills
                                   or course; an outcome.
                              e.g. As a result, there is often trouble in American families.
Oral activities
                               C. Effect means the power to produce an outcome or achieve a
Writing practice
                                   result; influence.
Listening exercises           e.g. The drug had an immediate effect on the pain.
                                   Side effect means a peripheral or secondary effect, especially an
                                   undesirable secondary effect of a drug or therapy.
                               D. Attack means an episode or onset of a disease, especially an
                                   occurrence of a chronic disease.
                              e.g. an asthma attack
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Word derivation
Vocabulary analysis           1. athlete
Grammar exercises                Derivatives of athlete: athletic; athletically; athleticism; athletics
Translation exercises
                                 Chinese-English translation
Exercises for integrated        1) 身强力壮的女孩
skills                             an athletic girl
Oral activities                 2) 田径运动
Writing practice
                                   athletic sports
                                3) 她看起来像个运动健将。
Listening exercises
                                   She looks very athletic.
                                Compare athletic; muscular
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              2. insight
Vocabulary analysis              Derivative of insight: insightful
Grammar exercises                Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises            1) 富有洞察力的讨论
Exercises for integrated            insightful discussions
skills

Oral activities
                                 2) 她所撰写的关于中医的文章非常有见地。
Writing practice
                                    Her essay on traditional Chinese medicine is insightful.
Listening exercises              3) 他对于这首诗歌的理解很有见地。
                                      His understanding of this poem is very insightful.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              3. potential
Vocabulary analysis              Derivatives of potential: potentially; potentiality
Grammar exercises                Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises           1) 肝炎是一种潜在的致命疾病。
Exercises for integrated           Hepatitis is a potentially fatal disease.
skills
                                2) 他极有可能成为我们最好的网球球员,但他需要更加刻苦
Oral activities                    地训练。
Writing practice                   He’s potentially our best tennis player, but he needs to practise
Listening exercises                much harder.
                                3) 这次危机极有可能是此机构历史上最为严重的一次。
                                   This crisis is potentially the most serious one in the
                                   organization’s history.
                                Compare potentially; likely; possibly
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              4. please
Vocabulary analysis              Derivatives of please: pleasant; pleased; pleasure; pleasurably
Grammar exercises                Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises            1) 令人愉快的风景
Exercises for integrated            a pleasant scene
skills
                                 2) 舒适的感觉
Oral activities                     pleasant sensations
Writing practice                 2) 晴朗的天气
Listening exercises                 pleasant weather
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              5. offend
Vocabulary analysis              Derivatives of offend: offensive; offending; offenseless
Grammar exercises               Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises
                                1) 一股刺鼻的气味
Exercises for integrated           an offensive odor
skills
                                2) 冒犯性的手势
Oral activities
                                   an offensive gesture
Writing practice
                                3) 攻击性的武器
Listening exercises
                                   offensive weapons
                                Compare offensive; disgusting; loathsome; nasty; repellent
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              6. suppose
Vocabulary analysis             Derivatives of suppose: supposed; supposedly; supposing;
Grammar exercises               supposition; suppositional
Translation exercises           Chinese-English translation
Exercises for integrated        1) 他大概是个美国人。
skills
                                   He was supposedly an American.
Oral activities
                                2) 噢,车票大概就在邮件里。
Writing practice
                                   Well, the tickets are supposedly in the mail.
Listening exercises
                                3) 他似乎是在给她送报纸,但我认为那只不过是他想见她的
                                   一个借口而已。
                                   He was supposedly delivering some papers to her but I think
                                   it was just an excuse to see her.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              7. announce
Vocabulary analysis             Derivatives of announce: announcement; announceable;
Grammar exercises               announcer; announcing
Translation exercises           Chinese-English translation
Exercises for integrated        1) 发布通知
skills
                                   make an announcement
Oral activities
                                2) 她每说一句话,大家便报以哄堂大笑。
Writing practice
                                   Every new announcement of hers was greeted with shouts of
Listening exercises
                                   laughter.
                                3) 他屏息静气地等待宣布竞赛结果。
                                      He waited for the announcement of the result of the competition
                                      with bated breath.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              8. challenge
Vocabulary analysis              Derivatives of challenge: challenging; challenger
Grammar exercises               Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises
                                1) 一门挑战性的课程
Exercises for integrated           a challenging course of study
skills
                                2) 对于一个无经验的演员而言颇具挑战性的角色
Oral activities
                                   a challenging role for an inexperienced performer
Writing practice
                                3) 一个富于挑战性的观点
Listening exercises
                                   a challenging idea
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Collocation practice
Vocabulary analysis           1. potential customers
Grammar exercises             Explanation: those people who might become a customer in the
Translation exercises
                                             future
                              Examples:
Exercises for integrated
skills
                              1) Many potential customers are waiting for a fall in prices before
Oral activities                  buying.
Writing practice                 许多潜在客户都在等着降价后再买。
Listening exercises           2) A number of potential buyers have expressed interest in the
                                 company.
                                 一些潜在买家表达了对这家公司的兴趣。
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              2. commercials
Vocabulary analysis           Explanation: advertisements on TV or radio
Grammar exercises             Examples:
Translation exercises         1) The aim of the repetitions of the same commercial on television
Exercises for integrated
                                 is nothing but to brainwash consumers into compulsive
skills                           consumption.
Oral activities                  电视上反复播放同一个广告的目的无非是通过宣传使消费者
Writing practice                 认为非用不可。
Listening exercises           2) a commercial break
                                 广告间歇时间
                              3) Commercials help to sell goods.
                                   广告(能)帮助推销货品。
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              3. disaster
Vocabulary analysis           Explanation: complete failure
Grammar exercises             Examples:
Translation exercises         1) The dinner party was a disaster.
Exercises for integrated         宴会彻底失败。
skills
                              2) They were afraid of risking disaster because they didn't want to
Oral activities
                                 lose face.
Writing practice
                                  他们怕冒失败的风险,因为他们不愿意丢脸。
Listening exercises
                              3) After the disaster of electricity supplies the city was in chaos.
                                  停电后城市陷入一片混乱。
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              4. a bunch of
Vocabulary analysis           Explanation: (an informal American expression) a lot of (people or
Grammar exercises                          things)
                              Examples:
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
                              1) They’re a bunch of hooligans.
skills
                                 他们是一群流氓。
Oral activities
                              2) Your friends are a nice bunch.
Writing practice
                                  你的这群朋友不错。
Listening exercises
                              3) My brother and his bunch are basketball fanatics.
                                  我兄弟和他的伙伴们都是篮球迷。
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              5. knock out
Vocabulary analysis           Explanation: to render unconscious; to defeat (a boxing opponent)
Grammar exercises                          by a knockout; to render useless or inoperative; to
Translation exercises
                                           exert or exhaust (oneself or another) to the utmost
                              Examples:
Exercises for integrated
skills                        1) Jackson hit Tom hard with his left fist and knocked him out
Oral activities                  instantaneously.
Writing practice                 杰克逊用左拳一下子就把汤姆打昏了过去。
Listening exercises           2) The storm knocked out the telephones.
                                 风暴使电话中断。
                              3) To be ready on time, she knocked herself out.
                                    为及时作好准备, 她已筋疲力尽。
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Grammar exercises
Vocabulary analysis            I. The connective-clause as the noun-clause
Grammar exercises
                               II. It in the subject-clause, which is introduced by the connective
Translation exercises              that, functions as an anticipatory subject
Exercises for integrated
skills                         III. The usage of as
Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis                The connective clause refers to a clause that is introduced by
Grammar exercises             the connectives that, whether, if, who, whom, whose, what, which,
                              when, where, why or how.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated           The noun-clause includes the subject clause, the object clause,
skills                        the predicative clause, and the appositive clause, which functions as
Oral activities               a noun in a sentence.
Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Practice:
Vocabulary analysis
                              Note the use of the italicized parts in the following sentences.
Grammar exercises
                              1. I had no idea how I wanted to spend the rest of my life.
Translation exercises         key: The how-clause functions as the appositional clause.
Exercises for integrated
skills                        2. The basic concept of the campaign was that if a he-man football
                                 player like Terry Bradshaw was not embarrassed to wear a
Oral activities
                                 toupee, no one else should be.
Writing practice
                              key: The that-clause functions as the subject complement.
Listening exercises
                              3. There were lots of bad ways to die, but being suffocated by
                                 plaster while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display
                                 is high on the list.
                              key: Being ... functions as the subject.
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                              4. What I didn’t realize was that I had cut my head when I took it
Vocabulary analysis              off, so my scalp was bleeding.
Grammar exercises             key: The what-clause functions as the subject.
Translation exercises
                              5. After that, for some reason, the company decided I was not a
Exercises for integrated         proper spokesman for their toupee and fired me.
skills

Oral activities
                              key: I was ... functions as the object.
Writing practice              6. I didn’t know when to talk and when to keep quiet.
Listening exercises           key: When-clause functions as the object.
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Vocabulary analysis
                                    It in the subject-clause, which is introduced by the connective
Grammar exercises             that, functions as an anticipatory subject.
Translation exercises          e.g. It is certain that they will win.
Exercises for integrated             It is unfortunate that we have run out of stock.
skills
                                     It is hoped that the report will go out to shareholders no later
Oral activities                      than June 1.
Writing practice

Listening exercises
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Vocabulary analysis
                                   However, a complex sentence with a subject-clause, in which
Grammar exercises             it functions as an anticipatory subject, can be transformed into a
Translation exercises         simple sentence with a disjunctive (sentence adverb).
Exercises for integrated      e.g. It is certain that they will win.
skills
                                   Certainly, they will win.
Oral activities                    It is unfortunate that we have run out of stock.
Writing practice                   Unfortunately, we have run out of stock.
Listening exercises
                                   It is hoped that the report will go out to shareholders no later
                                   than June 1.
                                   Hopefully, the report will go out to shareholders no later than
                                   June 1.
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                              The Subject Clause
Vocabulary analysis
                                    The Subject Clause: A clause introduced by the connective,
Grammar exercises             such as that, what, when, whether, or which functions as the subject
Translation exercises         in a complex sentence.
Exercises for integrated      e.g. That the moon moves round the earth is well-known to all of us.
skills
                                   What they are after is profit.
Oral activities                    When the meeting is to be held has not yet been decided.
Writing practice

Listening exercises
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                              Practice:
Vocabulary analysis           Rewrite the following sentences according to the model.
Grammar exercises             Model: It was lucky that this had attracted the attention of TV
Translation exercises                network executives.
Exercises for integrated
                                     Luckily, this had attracted the attention of TV network
skills                               executives.
Oral activities               1. It was apparent that her sister had warned her time and again to
Writing practice                 play hard to get.
Listening exercises
                              Key: Apparently, her sister had warned her time and again to play
                                   hard to get.
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Vocabulary analysis           2. It is odd enough that he did not raise any objection to the plan.
Grammar exercises             Key: Oddly enough, he did not raise any objection to the plan.
Translation exercises
                              3. It was foolish of the boy not to say a single word.
Exercises for integrated
skills                        Key: Foolishly, the boy did not say a single word.
Oral activities               4. It was right that you returned the money.
Writing practice
                              Key: Rightly, you returned the money.
Listening exercises
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                              The usage of as
Vocabulary analysis           Explanation:
Grammar exercises
                                     in the role, capacity, or function of
Translation exercises
                              e.g. As a student, grade was the only thing that mattered to me, but
Exercises for integrated
skills                             as a teacher I have come to realize that it is only one of the ways
Oral activities
                                   to evaluate one’s learning.
Writing practice

Listening exercises
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                              Practice
Vocabulary analysis           Fill in the blanks with proper prepositions.
Grammar exercises             1. ___ a quarterback, the big picture had been the only thing that
                                   As
Translation exercises            mattered to me, but __ a broadcaster I soon learned it was the
                                                       as
Exercises for integrated
                                 small frames that make up the big picture.
skills                        2. ___ a breadwinner, money was the only thing that mattered to
                                  As
Oral activities                  me, but ___ a father I soon learned it was love that makes a
                                           as
Writing practice
                                 family happy.
Listening exercises
                              As to the other usage of as, please refer to Grammar Exercises in
                              Unit One.
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                              Translation exercises
Vocabulary analysis           Translate each of the following sentences into English, using the
Grammar exercises
                              word or phrase given in the bracket. Inflect the word or phrase where
                              necessary.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated      1. 新的体制将在六个月的过渡期内逐步推行。 (transition)
skills
                              Notes:
Oral activities
                              Transition here means movement, passage, or change from one
Writing practice              position, state, stage, subject, concept, etc., to another. Introduce here
Listening exercises           means to bring in and establish in a new place or environment.
                              Introduce is often followed by some adverbs or prepositions, such as
                              from, over, etc.
                                 The new system will be introduced over a six-month transition
                                 period.
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                              Chinese-English translation
Vocabulary analysis           1) 天气的变化无常
Grammar exercises                 the frequent transition of weather
Translation exercises
                              2) 过渡因素
Exercises for integrated
skills                            transition factor
Oral activities               3) 转变(临界)点
Writing practice                  transition point
Listening exercises
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                              2. 警员声称他们在暴乱中所采取的行动纯属防卫。 (defensive)
                              Notes:
Vocabulary analysis
                              Claim means to state to be true, especially when open to question; to
Grammar exercises
                              assert or maintain. Purely means completely, absolutely, but free of
Translation exercises         extraneous elements. Defensive means intended to withstand or deter
Exercises for integrated      aggression or attack, while protective means intended or appropriate
skills
                              for defending.
Oral activities
                                 The police officers claimed that their actions in the riots were
Writing practice                 purely defensive.
Listening exercises           Chinese-English translation
                              1) 防御性武器系统
                                 a defensive weapons system
                              2) 我们在谈判时采取守势。
                                 We took a defensive attitude in the negotiation.
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                              3. 价值大约250, 000美元的医疗物资被分发到遭受流行病侵袭的
Vocabulary analysis              家庭。(distribute)
Grammar exercises             Notes:
Translation exercises
                              Verbs distribute, divide, and dispense mean to give out in portions or
Exercises for integrated      shares. Among these, distribute is the least specific. Divide implies
skills
                              giving out portions, often equally, on the basis of a plan or purpose.
Oral activities
                              Dispense stresses the careful determination of portions, often
Writing practice              according to measurement or weight. Epidemic means an outbreak of
Listening exercises           a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely.
                                 About $250,000 worth of medical supplies has been distributed
                                 among families affected by the epidemic.
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                              Chinese-English translation
Vocabulary analysis           1) 在19世纪,政府将土地分配给愿意耕种的定居者。
Grammar exercises                In the 19th century the government distributed land to settlers
Translation exercises            willing to cultivate it.
Exercises for integrated      2) 班长把书分发给了同学们。
skills
                                 The monitor distributed books to the students.
Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
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                              4. 那些产品原本在当地加工,现在大部分在远东地区成批
Vocabulary analysis
                                 生产。 (mass-produce)
Grammar exercises              Notes:
Translation exercises          The phrase used to do something indicates a former state, habitual
Exercises for integrated       practice, or custom. Mass-produce means to make large quantities
skills                         of something, esp. so that it can be sold cheaply.
Oral activities
                                  The products used to be made locally, but now they are mostly
Writing practice
                                  mass-produced in the Far East.
Listening exercises
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Vocabulary analysis

Grammar exercises
                              Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises
                              1) 他们大量生产挂毯,挣了不少钱。
                                 They mass-produced tapestries, and thus earned good money.
Exercises for integrated
skills                        2) 大量生产小汽车和卡车的工厂多数都破产了。
Oral activities                  Most of the factories that mass-produced cars and trucks went into
Writing practice
                                 bankruptcy.
Listening exercises
                              3) 那家工厂大量生产小汽车。
                                 That factory mass-produces cars.
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                              5. 在联邦赤字问题上总统所持的立场得到了参议院多数议员的
Vocabulary analysis
                                 赞同。(endorse)
Grammar exercises              Notes:
Translation exercises          Deficit means the amount by which a sum of money falls short of
Exercises for integrated       the required or expected amount; a shortage. Endorse, sanction and
skills                         approve mean to express a favorable opinion or to signify
Oral activities                satisfaction or acceptance. Though approve, the most widely
Writing practice
                               applicable one, often means simply to consider right or good, it can
                               also denote official consent. Endorse implies the expression of
Listening exercises
                               support, often by public statement. Sanction usually implies not
                               only approval but also official authorization.
                                  The President’s position on the federal deficit was endorsed by a
                                  large majority of the Senate.
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                              Chinese-English translation
Vocabulary analysis
                              1) 参议员将发表演讲,支持其所在党派州长候选人。
Grammar exercises
                                  The senator will give a speech endorsing her party’s gubernatorial
Translation exercises
                                  candidate.
Exercises for integrated
skills                        2) 公众意见不应赞同使用武力。
Oral activities                   Public opinion ought not to endorse the use of force.
Writing practice

Listening exercises
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                              6. 萨拉看着窗外,对街上正发生的一切向我们作实况报道。
                                  (commentary)
Vocabulary analysis           Notes:
Grammar exercises             Running commentary refers to a series of explanations or
Translation exercises         interpretations that are ongoing over a period of time.
Exercises for integrated         Sarah was looking out of the window and giving us a running
skills                           commentary of what was happening out in the street.
Oral activities               Chinese-English translation
Writing practice              1) 评论最后的结论十分中肯,说得一点不错。
Listening exercises
                                 The conclusion of the commentary really hit the bull’s eye; it was
                                 exactly right.
                              2) 他常常作些实事评论。
                                 He often makes commentary on current affairs.
                              3) 这件丑闻是对国内政治一笔可悲的注脚。
                                 The scandal is a sad commentary on national politics.
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                              7. 我们正面临历史上最严峻的挑战,我们要依靠你们——我们的
                                 盟友——的支持。(challenge)
Vocabulary analysis           Notes:
Grammar exercises             Challenge means an act or statement of defiance; a call to
Translation exercises         confrontation; or a competition.
Exercises for integrated         We are now facing the most serious challenge in our history and
skills                           are dependent on you, our allies, for support.
Oral activities               Chinese-English translation
Writing practice              1) 那是对政府权威的挑战。
Listening exercises
                                 That is a challenge to the government’s authority.
                              2) 这次考试是一次真正的挑战。
                                 This examination is a real challenge.
                              3) 他不敢应战。
                                 He dared not accept/take the challenge.
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                              8. 关于各种犯罪,有太多详尽的电视节目和报刊报道,以致于连
                                 小孩子都知道怎样模仿他们的所见所闻。(duplicate)
Vocabulary analysis           Notes:
Grammar exercises             In detail means with attention to particulars; thoroughly or
Translation exercises         meticulously. Duplicate means to make an exact copy of.
Exercises for integrated         There has been too much shown on TV and too much reported in
skills                           newspapers of all kinds of crimes — described in such detail that
Oral activities                  even children know how to duplicate what they have seen or read.
Writing practice
                              Chinese-English translation
Listening exercises
                              1) 他得到了一把复制的钥匙。
                                 He got a duplicate key.
                              2) 他又犯了和以前一样的错误。
                                 He duplicated his former mistakes.
                              3) 请把这份文件打成一式两份。
                                 Please type the document in duplicate.
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                              Exercises for integrated skills
Vocabulary analysis           Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think
Grammar exercises
                              appropriate.
Translation exercises              Students all      (1) ____ the world have to work for their
                                                         over
Exercises for integrated
                              education. A college education in the United States is            (2)
skills                         ________
                               expensive . The costs are so high that most families begin to (3)
Oral activities
                               ____ for their children’s education when their children are babies.
                               save
                                 (4) _____so, many young people cannot
                                     Even                                         _____
                                                                              (5) afford to pay the
Writing practice
                              expenses of full time college work. They do not have enough money
Listening exercises
                              to pay for school costs. Tuition for    (6) ________ the university,
                                                                          attending
                              books for          ______
                                            (7) classes , and dormitory costs are high. There are
                              other expenses (8) ____ as chemistry and biology laboratory fees
                                                    such
                              and special student activity fees    (9) ___ such things as parking
                                                                        for
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                              permits and football tickets. The           (10) ____ of a college
                                                                                 cost
Vocabulary analysis           education increases every year.          _______
                                                                  (11) However , campuses are still
Grammar exercises
                              crowded with students. Some American students (12) ______ on
                                                                                        depend
                              their family support to pay for college. Perhaps some of the students
Translation exercises
                              have (13) scholarships or money grants, but many do (14) ___.
                                           __________                                          not
Exercises for integrated
skills
                              How do the rest of the students     (15) _______ ?
                                                                       manage
Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
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                              over
Vocabulary analysis
                              Explanation:
Grammar exercises
                              All over the world means existing everywhere.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
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                              expensive
Vocabulary analysis
                              Explanation:
Grammar exercises
                              Expensive means requiring a large expenditure; costly.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              save
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Save means to set aside for future use; to store.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              Even
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Even so is used as an emphasis.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              afford
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Afford means to have the financial means for; to be able to meet
                              the cost of.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              attending
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Attend means to be present.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              classes
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Class means the period during which a group of students meets.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              such
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Such as means for example.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              for
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         For is used to indicate the object, aim, or purpose of an action or
                              activity.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                               cost
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Cost means an amount paid or required in payment for a purchase;
                              a price.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              However
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         However means in spite of ; nevertheless; yet.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              depend
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Depend on means to rely on, especially for support or maintenance.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              scholarships
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Scholarship means a grant of financial aid awarded to a student, as
                              for the purpose of attending a college.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              not
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Not is used to express negation, denial, refusal, or prohibition.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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Vocabulary analysis
                              manage
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Manage means to continue to get along; carry on.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Oral activities
                              1. Suppose your football-playing career comes to an end. You are
Vocabulary analysis
                                 considering how to spend the rest of your life. You have a choice:
Grammar exercises                to be a coach for the local teenage football club or to be a sports
Translation exercises            announcer for a well-known TV station. Now talk to one of your
Exercises for integrated         parents and exchange your ideas with her (him). You and your
skills                           partner can take turns playing the roles of the player and his/her
Oral activities                  parent respectively.
Writing practice              Suggestions:
Listening exercises                The discussion can be based on the following aspects.
                                   1) Your reasons for your job choice: either to be a coach or to be
                                      a sports announcer, such as your personalities are more
                                      suitable for a coach/ a sports announcer; your interest in either
                                      of them; what influence your choice will exert on your life.
                                   2) Your parent’s advice on your job choice.
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                              2. With the professionalism of football playing, players’ incomes
Vocabulary analysis
                                 have dramatically increased in recent years. Some people do not
                                 think they have proved themselves worthy of so much money,
Grammar exercises
                                 while others think that they have contributed a lot. Organize
Translation exercises            yourselves into groups of five or six and debate on this issue.
Exercises for integrated
skills                        Suggestions:
Oral activities                   Words and expressions suggested for this topic:
Writing practice                  the significant professionalism of football playing
Listening exercises
                                  make great contribution to
                                  material life
                                  spiritual life
                                  the elites of the society
                                  deserve the reward
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              A sample discussion on the second topic:
Vocabulary analysis               The recent years have witnessed the significant professionalism
Grammar exercises             of football playing, which brings about the dramatic increase in
Translation exercises
                              players’ income. Confronted with this phenomenon, people’s
                              opinions are various. Some people do not consider these players
Exercises for integrated
skills                        worthy of the money they earn. However, we should acknowledge
                              that their seemingly exaggerated incomes are reasonable in several
Oral activities
                              aspects.
Writing practice
                                  First of all, the football players are making great contributions to
Listening exercises           the society, though their achievement may be not as salient as that in
                              other fields. What they are working for does not provide material
                              products, but spiritual accomplishments are definitely realized.
                              Therefore, we cannot justify ourselves by thinking that football
                              playing is not as important as other sections of the society, such as
                              factories, companies, hospitals and so on.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                                  Secondly, to be worthy of the money they get, the players have to
Vocabulary analysis           suffer a lot. Like the elites in other fields, they are supposed to work
Grammar exercises
                              hard before they gain outstanding social status and respect from
                              others. They have to conquer the difficulties that most of us cannot
Translation exercises
                              bear at all. What’s more, it is inevitable that only a small portion of
Exercises for integrated
skills
                              them can get renowned. Thus, they deserve the reward they have got.
                                  Like other great men, football players are also the heroes in our
Oral activities
                              hearts. Both the respect and fortune enjoyed by them need to be
Writing practice              deemed as natural.
Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Writing practice
Vocabulary analysis                Write a 250-word composition on the topic “My Ideal
Grammar exercises             Occupation”. In the first part, tell the reader what you wanted to be
Translation exercises         when you were a child. In the second part, describe what is your ideal
                              occupation now. And in the third part, explain why your choice is
Exercises for integrated
skills                        ideal.
Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              A sample essay:
                                                      My Ideal Occupation
Vocabulary analysis                From as early as I can remember, I determined to be an actress.
Grammar exercises             My reasons were simple and naïve: actresses are beautiful and often
Translation exercises
                              greeted by people with rapturous applause. I was so fascinated by
                              their performance in the film or on the stage that it became a dream
Exercises for integrated
skills                        for me to materialize. Encouraged by this ambition, I enthusiastically
                              took part in all sorts of performances held by my primary school,
Oral activities
                              which veritably enriched my childhood.
Writing practice
                                   As I grow up, my interest in this domain subsides. The
Listening exercises           distraction from it owes to the fact that I have more opportunities to
                              know other subjects during the process of learning in schools.
                              Moreover, my respect for the teachers who have enlightened me
                              consistently increases day by day. Therefore, a learned teacher
                              becomes my ideal occupation. Several reasons cement my resolve to
                              strive for this goal.
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                                  Firstly, like what I have said above, I hold a strong worship for
Vocabulary analysis           the career of a teacher who enlighten students with knowledge. They
Grammar exercises
                              are not only cultured but also generous people, from whom we can
                              always obtain a lot. Secondly, I have been taught by many excellent
Translation exercises
                              teachers who have set perfect examples for me to develop my
Exercises for integrated
skills
                              teaching career. Last but not least, there is still a great demand for
                              teachers in many areas of China nowadays. A lot of children cannot
Oral activities
                              afford to go to school and my help may benefit them.
Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              Listening exercises
                                                 Do You Enjoy Your Work?
Vocabulary analysis

Grammar exercises             You will hear three people talking about their work:
Translation exercises         A. Listen to each speaker and answer the questions:
                                 — What is the speaker’s job?
Exercises for integrated
skills                           — Where does he or she work?
Oral activities
                                                              Job                        Workplace
Writing practice
                               1st Speaker     an area sales manager                             /
Listening exercises

                               2nd Speaker     manager of the Banking                   a large multi-
                                               and Portfolio Department                 national corporation
                                                                                        a commercial bank in
                                3rd Speaker    a commercial lender
                                                                                        a suburb of Chicago
                                                                    ■          script
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              B. Listen to each speaker again and note down your answers to the
Vocabulary analysis              questions about their work:
Grammar exercises                — What does each speaker enjoy or find rewarding?
                                 — What does each speaker find annoying or frustrating?
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated                                 Rewarding                     Frustrating
skills
                                                                                  the pay/customers that
Oral activities                 1st Speaker    the travel
                                                                                  leave one waiting
Writing practice
                               2nd Speaker you get to take decision              the company is still
Listening exercises
                                                                                 very bureaucratic
                                                                                 restrictions as to what
                                3rd Speaker variety of work                      you can do or not do for
                                                                                 a customer
                                                                   ■           script
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                               C. Ask your partner the following questions:
Vocabulary analysis               — Which of the jobs that you have heard about would you
Grammar exercises
                                     most like to do yourself? Why?
                                  — Which would you least like to do? Why?
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated      Words and expressions suggested:
skills
                              have (no) interest in …
Oral activities               be enthusiastic/unenthusiastic about
Writing practice              certain personalities (not) suit the qualifications of a profession
Listening exercises
                              the significance/insignificance of …
                              make great/least contribution to the society




                                                                      ■          script
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                                                    Do You Enjoy Your Work?
Vocabulary analysis
                              Interviewer: What do you do?
Grammar exercises             1st Speaker: I’m described as an area sales manager. Um … that
Translation exercises                      would normally imply that one has somebody to
Exercises for integrated                   manage. In my case, it’s just a glorified sales rep. I go
skills                                     round visiting shops, maybe five or six per day when
Oral activities                            I’m traveling. The rest of the time I spend in the office,
Writing practice
                                           answering queries from customers about sales and
                                           planning the next trip. My trips usually last about two
Listening exercises
                                           to three weeks and I go mostly to Germany, Austria
                                           and Switzerland.
                              Interviewer: What do you find rewarding about the work?

                                                                         ■
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              1st Speaker: Well, the travel as much as anything else. Um … the
Vocabulary analysis
                                           job is fairly badly paid, but the fact that I get free trips
                                           to the foreign countries more or less of my choice for
Grammar exercises
                                           most of the year does in some measure recompense
Translation exercises                      for that.
Exercises for integrated      Interviewer: What do you find frustrating or annoying about it?
skills
                              1st Speaker: Well, I’ve already mentioned the pay. Um …
Oral activities                            obviously frustrating is also customers that leave one
Writing practice                           waiting … um … I have been known to get my own
Listening exercises
                                           back on customers who leave me waiting for half an
                                           hour or so simply by selling them twice as much as I
                                           know they need. Um … it’s not a trick that I would
                                           recommend using all that often, but on the whole the
                                           frustrations of the job are minimal.
                                                                                       ■
                                               SectionFour_L_popwin3



                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              2nd Speaker: I’m the manager of the department called the Banking
Vocabulary analysis
                                           and Portfolio Department for a large multi-national
                                           corporation. The responsibility of that department is
Grammar exercises
                                           to handle all the banking matters … er … relationship,
Translation exercises                      credit issues, opening and closing accounts. We also
Exercises for integrated                   manage the investment of the company’s excess funds.
skills
                                           The best thing about working in the department that
Oral activities                            we have is that you get to take decision at a relatively
Writing practice                           low management level in the company — you get to
Listening exercises
                                           watch the decisions come, follow through and you get
                                           to see the effect on the bottom line profit of the
                                           company. We are one of the few areas within a
                                           world … er … within a headquarters-type atmosphere
                                           where there is a profit centre, bottom line.
                                                                                       ■
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                              2nd Speaker: One of the things I find the most frustrating is that …
                                           er … the company is still very bureaucratic. We tend to
Vocabulary analysis
                                           produce a lot of paperwork and reports that don’t seem
Grammar exercises
                                           to have any fit with the … today’s company business.
Translation exercises                      And they’ve been generated for years and we continue
Exercises for integrated                   to generate them … er … because management has
skills
                                           asked for them. We are attempting to change that but it
Oral activities                            continues to be a source of frustration for myself and
Writing practice                           my staff.
                              3rd Speaker: I’m a commercial lender at the First National Bank of
Listening exercises
                                           Lake Forest, which is a commercial bank in a suburb of
                                           Chicago with assets of about $400 million. It has
                                           recently been purchased by the Northern Trust Bank in
                                           the city of Chicago, which has assets of about $7.7
                                           billion.                        ■
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              3rd Speaker: We are very much a community-oriented bank and my
                                           lending will be diverse … er … working with
Vocabulary analysis                        individuals, making mortgages and home construction
Grammar exercises
                                           loans as well as making personal loans and business and
                                           industrial loans. So very much of a general-purpose
Translation exercises
                                           broad area of lending.
Exercises for integrated
skills
                                           What is enjoyable about what I do is the opportunity to
                                           work with the owners of companies in the area and with
Oral activities
                                           professional people that reside in the community. Er …
Writing practice                           I’m working with owners of steel companies, with
Listening exercises                        popcorn producers, with individuals that make washers
                                           for many purposes. And it allows me the variety of
                                           work that working at a large multi-billion bank does not
                                           have to offer as you’ll be working in narrow job
                                           description handling one type of lending.
                                                                                  ■
                        Me and My Big Mouth
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                              3rd Speaker: Some of the frustrations with the job are restrictions
Vocabulary analysis
                                           as to what you can do or not do for a customer, as
                                           many of the requests that we receive are either too
Grammar exercises
                                           small or too large for us to handle and at that point we
Translation exercises                      don’t really have the product to sell them, we have to
Exercises for integrated                   defer them to our competition.
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises




                                                                                  ■
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                             Lead-in questions
Lead-in questions            1. Would you like to be a professional when you graduate? If
Supplementary reading           you’d like to, what profession will you choose?
Memorable quotes
                             2. If some day you are in a dilemma as to whether it is worthwhile
                                to quit a highly-powered job in favor of a balanced life for the
                                sake of your family, what choice will you finally make? Why?
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                                              Sam’s Wake-Up Call — and Mine
Lead-in questions                                                                 Robert Reich
Supplementary reading              A few years ago I had a problem: I couldn’t wait to get to the
Memorable quotes             office in the morning and only left it at night reluctantly. Being a
                             member of US President Bill Clinton’s Cabinet was so much better
                             than any job I’d had. I couldn’t get enough of it.
                                   Not surprisingly, the rest of my life shriveled into a dried raisin.
                             I lost contact with old friends. I saw little of my wife and even less
                             of our two sons, Adam, then 15, and Sam, 12.
                                   One evening, for the sixth time in a row, I phoned home to tell
                             the boys that once again I’d miss their bedtime. That’s OK, said
                             Sam. But could I wake him up when I did get home? That would be
                             really late, I said; he would have gone to sleep long before. It was
                             probably better if I saw him the next morning.
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                                   Sam listened, but insisted. He said he just wanted to know I was
Lead-in questions            there.
                                   To this day I can’t explain precisely what happened at that
Supplementary reading
                             moment. But I suddenly knew, with utter finality, that I had to leave
Memorable quotes
                             my job.
                                   A number of ordinary citizens wrote to me after I announced my
                             resignation. Most were sympathetic. A few were not.
                                   Many women on the fast track, they wrote, were already battling
                             a culture that criticized them for sacrificing too much — and here I
                             was, seemingly agreeing that a balanced life was incompatible with a
                             high-powered job. Others said while it may be easy for me to find
                             another well paying job that gave me more time for my family, others
                             didn’t have that option. I was sending the wrong message to people
                             like them, too.
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                                 I should have expected that my career decision would carry
                             symbolic weight — after all, I was the Secretary of Labor. But I had
Lead-in questions
                             no intention of sending a message to others about how they should
Supplementary reading        lead their lives. Sam’s simple request was, rather, the wake-up call I
Memorable quotes             needed to tell me how I should live mine.
                                 Still, my choice was troubling because many of us face the
                             problem of balancing work and family life.
                                 While many of us make more money than our parents, the
                             average, middle income married couple with kids now work far
                             longer hours than they did two decades ago — the equivalent of more
                             than two months a year.
                                 What’s going on? Partly it’s technology from stable mass
                             production towards continuous innovation. To become more nimble,
                             companies are tying even the typical, mid-level salaried employee’s
                             pay to profits.
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                                  What we earn increasingly depends on bonuses, share options and
                             overtime pay — all of which can rise or fall or disappear. We
Lead-in questions
                             reconcile unpredictable incomes with predictable bills by going full
Supplementary reading        out when work is available.
Memorable quotes                  A friend of mine, a new father, is putting in 14-hour workdays.
                             He’d rather not be working so hard, and no one had asked him to. But
                             his pay is directly related to the firm’s profits. He thinks he’d better
                             make hay while the sun shines.
                                  My friend’s situation helps explain why so few of us take longer
                             holidays or use family leave. We feel that if we opt out even a little,
                             we may be opting out permanently. So we’re tempted to work harder.
                                  I faced that temptation after I left Washington. Adam was running
                             in a big cross-country race at school. Then someone called me about a
                             project. The pay was generous, but I’d have to begin the day of the
                             race.
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                                 I turned the project down and, judging from his big wave and
                             bright smile, Adam was glad I did. He won the race, and I like to think
Lead-in questions
                             my presence there may have caused him to push himself a bit harder.
Supplementary reading            I wish I could say I had no regrets about the project I passed up.
Memorable quotes             But not a few times on that Saturday my mind drifted, thinking about
                             what it was “costing” me to be there. Then I saw Adam’s face as he
                             crossed the finish line. It was worth it.
                                                                                         701 words
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                             About the author           Robert Reich was a member of the Clinton
Lead-in questions            economic team which helped sustain the longest period of economic
Supplementary reading
                             growth in the history of the US.
Memorable quotes
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                              ... the rest of my life shrivelled into a dried raisin.              my life lost
Lead-in questions            much of its vitality, like a dried and wrinkled raisin
Supplementary reading

Memorable quotes
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                             Many women on the fast track          Many women who are too busy
Lead-in questions            with their work.
Supplementary reading

Memorable quotes
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                             share options 认股权
                                    Employee share options can be like a license to print money. In
Lead-in questions            fact, share options have turned thousands of Americans into
Supplementary reading
                             millionaires almost overnight. That’s why more and more American
                             employers have been offering options in order to attract and keep good
Memorable quotes
                             workers. Share options allow workers to buy their company’s stock at
                             a certain price. Let’s say you just joined XYZ Company. You liked
                             their offer to let you buy 10,000 shares at 10 dollars per share. When
                             the market price of XYZ reaches 20 dollars, you decide to “exercise”
                             your option. For 200,000 dollar worth of shares, you pay only 100,000
                             dollars.
                                  At some companies, stock options have made ordinary workers
                             rich. In 2001 and 2002, however, many stocks nosedived. Many
                             employees who exercised stock options are now “underwater”. This
                             means the market price of their shares is lower than the price they paid.
                             That’s like having license to burn money!
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                             We reconcile unpredictable incomes with predictable bills by going
Lead-in questions
                             full out when work is available.           In order to enable our
                             unpredictable incomes to meet our predictable bills, we have to work
Supplementary reading
                             as hard as possible.
Memorable quotes
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                               He thinks he’d better make hay while the sun shines.
Lead-in questions
                                     He thinks he’d better try to make as much money as
                               possible while he is still able to work so hard.
Supplementary reading

Memorable quotes
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                             ... after I left Washington    Here “Washington”, the capital of the
Lead-in questions
                             United States, refers to the author’s official position in the US
                             Government. The figure of speech employed here is called
Supplementary reading
                             metonymy, which consists of using the name of one thing for that of
Memorable quotes             another with which they are closely associated.
                             e.g. from the cradle to the grave (from birth to death)
                                  He spent the whole day reading Shakespeare. (“Shakespeare”
                                  stands for the works of Shakespeare.)
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Lead-in questions            Questions for discussion:
Supplementary reading        1. How did the author balance work and family life? If you were him,
Memorable quotes                what would you do?
                             2. Can you explain precisely what happened at that moment in
                                Paragraph 5?
                             3. What does “the wrong message” in Paragraph 7 refer to?
                             4. Why did he say that “my career decision would carry symbolic
                                weight”?
                             5. How do you interpret the title?
                             Answers for reference:
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                             1. On the one hand, the job was very important to him and he
                                 really enjoyed his work. On the other hand, he realized that family
Lead-in questions                life was even more important. He’d rather give up his job for his
Supplementary reading            family life. Though occasionally he felt regretful, he thought his
                                 decision was worthwhile when he saw his son’s big smile.
Memorable quotes
                             2. It occurred to the author that no matter how much he liked his job,
                                 family life was his first choice, or his life would shrivel into a
                                 dried raisin.
                             3. It is worthwhile to quit a highly-powered job in favor of a balanced
                                 life for the sake of one’s family.
                             4. He was a public figure. His decision would exert some influence on
                                 many other people, because they would follow him.
                             5. By “Sam’s wake-up call”, the author means that Sam wanted his
                                 father to wake him up when he came home no matter how late it
                                 was. By “my wake-up call”, the author means that his son’s simple
                                 request awakened him to the importance of one’s family life.
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                             Memorable quotes
Lead-in questions            Please paraphrase the following quotes:
Supplementary reading
                             God brings men into deep waters, not to drown
Memorable quotes
                             them, but to cleanse them.
                                                                 — Aughey
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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                             Unrest of spirit is a mark of life; one problem
Lead-in questions
                             after another presents itself and in the solving
Supplementary reading        of them we can find our greatest pleasure.
Memorable quotes                                          — Karl Menninger
                      Me and My Big Mouth
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Lead-in questions            Adversity introduces a man to himself.
Supplementary reading                                                                       — Anonymous
Memorable quotes

								
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