Political corruption happens in many countries, and result in big threat against their respective citizen. Political corruption shall mean the government policies often make advantages to the bribery performers, not the people
POLITICAL CORUPTION Seen from its etymology, the world corrupt came from a Latin, corruptio which has some meanings, like evils, badness, immorality, dishonesty, bribery minded, and deviation from purity, humiliating or slandering words or utterance. Surely, the most vulnerable level for a corruption deed to happen is at the central government. However, it’s also possible that corruption take place in the region government. In broader meaning, corruption or political corruption is abuse of official occupation for individual benefit. All kind of governmental forms are practically vulnerable against corruption. Corruption brutalities differs, from the lightest one, in the form of utilizing one’s dignity and support, in order to give and get help, up to the heavy weight corruption level but legalized, and so on. The top point of corruption is cleptocration, which has literally meaning of a governance of the thieves. Corruption arising in political and bureaucracy fields may take the form of tiny thing and severe, well organized or not. Although corruption often makes easier criminal activities, such as narcotic trading, money laundry, and prostitution, corruption itself is not limited to only these things. In order to study the case and solve them it’s important to distinguish between corruption and criminality. Corruption becomes serious challenge to development. Corruption makes democracy and good governance difficult to establish a clean government through destroying formal processes. Corruption during the general election and in legislative body has reduced accountability and representatives when deciding a policy; corruption in the justice system has stopped the legal order; and corruption in the public governance creates instability of public services. Generally speaking, corruption has reduced the government institutions capabilities, due to procedure ignorance, resource wastefulness, where official are recruited or promoted not because of achievement. At the same time, corruption has made difficult government legitimacy and democratic values such as trust and tolerance. Corruption has also made difficult economic development through creating distortion and high inefficiencies. In the private sector, corruption increase the business cost due to lost in illegal payment, management fees while negotiating with corrupt officials, and the risk of agreement cancellation or due to investigation. Political corruption happens in many countries, and result in big threat against their respective citizen. Political corruption shall mean the government policies often make advantages to the bribery performers, not the people. Another example is, as we can see how the politicians issues rules that protect large companies, but cause detriment to smaller companies. These pro-business politicians only want to return a help to the big companies once helped them with large contribution during the election campaign.
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