Honors U.S. History
CYR, pp. 380-400
Directions: Read pages 380-400 in your textbook and respond to the following directions/questions.
Your responses must be thorough, organized, and original, i.e., do not simply copy the text verbatim, for
that is plagiarism.
A. Homestead Act of 1862
C. Sand Creek Massacre
D. George Armstrong Custer
E. Sitting Bull
F. Battle of Wounded Knee
G. barbed wire
K. Morrill Land Grant Acts
II. Where did the Plains Indians live? Explain why the horse, and, more importantly, the buffalo
were so important to them.
III. Discuss political, social, economic, and cultural differences between the Americans who were
pushing westward and the Plains Indians.
IV. Why did Americans pour into the Black Hills of South Dakota during the 1860s and 70s?
V. Discuss the impact of the over killing of buffalo on Plains Indians.
VI. Analyze the reasons for the growth of the cattle industry and the ways beef was distributed
throughout the United States in the late nineteenth century.
VII. When did the United States declare the frontier “closed?” Explain why.
VIII. Describe the life of a frontier woman.
IX. How did barbed wire, John Deere’s Steel Plow, the mechanical reaper (invented by Cyrus
McCormick), and the steel windmill impact the settlement of the Great Plains?