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    Farmers in Punjab and Haryana are advised to undertake sowing of sunflower and okra on ridges
   as it suffers less from pest, transplanting of chilli, capsicum and brinjal. Take regular cuttings of berseem
   and avoid delay. Transplant nurseries of musk-melon, water melon, bottle gourd, pumpkin etc. and
   plant evergreen fruits viz. citrus, guava and ber . As the risk of frost is over, remove “Sarkanda”
   from the crops sown in November-December and irrigate the crops.
  In Sub Tropical Zone of Jammu and Kashmir, farmers are advised to continue transplanting of
   tomato, onion, brinjal, chilli crop and also advise for sowing of bhindi, beans and cucurbits.
  In Valley Temperate zone of Jammu & Kashmir, wheat, brown sarson, pea, lentil, oat are in dormant
   stage, no agronomic activities in the field during this period is recommended. Farmers are advised to
   provide adequate drainage to avoid water stagnation after rain/snowfall. In vegetable crops at
   vegetative stages, prepare hot beds.
  In Intermediate Zone of Jammu & Kashmir, farmers are advised to raise cucurbits under protection in
   polythene bags and also transplanting of tomato, brinjal, onion, knolkhol
  Farmers in Leh region of Jammu & Kashmir are advised to harvest Chinese cabbage, lettuce, beet
   leaf var. Mongol at 10 to 15 days interval. It is advised to clear the snow from the poly houses and
   trenches to avoid excessive weight on the UV film and cover the polythene of green houses with
   black polythene in the night for proper growth of crops. They are also advised to give one light
   irrigation to garlic crop germinated in the low tunnel during day time.
  In High Hill Temperate Dry Zone of Himachal Pradesh, pruning in orchards if not taken in
   December-January may be taken immediately without delay, undertake prepartion of basins in snow
   cleared areas. In damaged plants use fungicides blitox or chobatia paste.
  Farmers in Mid Hills Sub-Humid Zone of Himachal Pradesh farmers are advised apply half dose of
   nitrogen in Pear (1.4kg/basin), Peach, Plum, Apricots, Almond and Cherry (1.0kg/basin) trees of
   above 10 years age in low hills. Do not apply in apple now. Remove snow from the branches of the
   trees. Complete the training pruning work particularly in Peach and Almond 20 days before
   flowering. Start grafting work in Apple, Pear and Cherry. Continue planting of apple and stone
   fruits plants. In high hills planting can be done after melting of snow.
  Farmers in Sub-Montane & Low Hills Sub-Tropical Zone of Himachal Pradesh are advised for
   sowing of potato after the tubers are treated with Dithane M-45 @ 0.5% for 20-25 minutes in mid
   hills and surgmukhi in lower plains area. Also prepare field for sowing of Chari, bajra and maize in
   low hills. In wheat crop remaining dose nitrogen may be applied. In case seed crop of berseem and
   oats one cut can be taken. Earthing up can be done in the potato crop if sown earlier.
  Farmers in Uttar Pradesh are advised to give light irrigation in normal wheat, rabi pulses, rabi
   oilseeds, potato, already transplanted vegetable crops. Start field preparation for planting of
   sugarcane, sowing of sunflower, sowing of guava seeds, sowing of vegetables viz. bitter gourd, bottle
   gourd, pumpkin, cucumber, taroi, lady’s finger, tomato, brinjal, chilli, lobia, rajmah etc. For green
   fodder purpose, undertake sowing of fodder maize, lobia and jowar. Start digging of matured potato
   and field preparation for sowing of moong or urad in vacated field. Continue digging of matured
   raddish, carrot and turnip.
  In Bhabar and Tarai Zone of Uttarakhand, due to expected favourable temperature conditions,
   farmers are advised to continue sowing of sugarcane. As dry weather is expected during this week
   also advised to give irrigation and remove weeds in potato, brinjal and capsicum sown earlier and
   also transplant the brinjal nursery in main field. Continue picking of pods of vegetable pea. Stop
   irrigation in timely sown garlic crop.
  In Bhabar and Tarai Zone of Uttarakhand, due to temperature rise during this week, there are
   chances of gram pod borer in Chickpea crop. If the incidence is more than 5 %, then farmers are
   advised to spray 800 ml of Tophenophas dissolved in 200 to 250 liters of water per acre immediately
   and after 12 to 15 days again spray 200 ml of Dosis insecticide dissolved in 200 to 250 liters of water
   per acre.
  In Eastern Zone (Hissar) of Punjab, there is possibility of incidence of white rust and alternaria in late
   sown mustard crop and hence farmers are advised to monitor the crop and if the incidence in crop than
   spray as per recommendation of the University during clear and sunny weather.
  Stages of major crops are mentioned in Annexure I.
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 Animal Husbandry
  In Western Zone (Bhatinda) of Punjab, cracks/sore/chapped/injured teats should be treated with teat
   tips (Glycerin : Providine Iodine 1:4). It should be used after every milking. Newly born calves need
   special care in cold weather, since they are susceptible to pneumonia and a large number of them die
   of this disease. Keep your animals under roof in night and in the sun during the day time. Do not feed
   green, sprouted, soiled or rotton potatoes to dairy animals. Theses can cause serious and fatal
   poisoning.
  Due to expected increase in temperature conditions in the night, farmers are advised to keep animals
   outside the shed from this week. Give them balanced feed including green fodder and clear water.
   Clean their place of sitting. As rise in temperature will cause increase in mosquitoes population in
   Bhabar and Tarai Zone of Uttarakhand.
  Farmers in Bundelkhand zone and in western plain zone in Uttar Pradesh are advised to tie young
   cattle in closed shelter and feed them with big cardamom, ajwain and jaggery, keep cattle shelter
   clean and take special care of young ones to protect from cold in this season.
  In sub-humid sub tropic zones of Uttarakhand, vaccinate the animals for various diseases as they are
   more prone to diseases in this weather. For the control of cough use piperazine citrate @50-30
   ml/animal.

SOUTH INDIA [TN, AP, KERALA, KARNATAKA, LAKSHADWEEP, ANDAMAN & NICOBAR
ISLANDS]
 Realised Rainfall: No significant rainfall occurred in most states of the region.
 Rainfall Forecast: Weather would be mainly dry over the region.
 Advisories:
  Due to continuous dry weather prevailing in the region farmers are advised to apply irrigation and
   also take up appropriate plant protection measures on the standing crops
  Farmers in the region are advised to spray Planofix @ 1ml per 4.5 litre of water to avoid flower /
   fruit droppings in Mango due to dry weather.
  Farmers in the High Altitude Tribal Zone of Andhra Pradesh are advised to maintain 2-3 cm water in
   the field in the paddy field as it is in transplanting stage. Weeding should be done in the field at 35-
   40 days after sowing.
  Farmers in the North Coastal Zone of Andhra Pradesh are advised to plant the new sugarcane crop.
  Farmers in the Scarce Rainfall Zone of Andhra Pradesh are advised to harvest the November sown
   groundnut crop before the pods get germinated in the field, only after observing its maturity. Farmers
   are also advised to maintain alleys of 20 cm width for every 2 mts in the rice field which makes
   intercultural operations easy and helps to increase the yield since sufficient light is available to the
   crop.
  Farmers in the Southern Telangana zone of Andhra Pradesh are advised to top dress the maize crop
   with 50-60 kg urea per acre which is at tasseling to silking stage and irrigate the crop.
  Farmers in the Northern Telangana Zone are advised to start sowing of Seasum and also ratooning
   of sugarcane in the months of November and December coupled with closer irrigations in the
   formative phase of the crop. Apply frequent irrigation to the sugarcane crop.
  Farmers in the Eastern Dry Zone of Karnataka are advised to dip banana seedlings in dung slurry and
   apply 40 g carbofuran or 5g phorate befor planting.
  Farmers in the North East Transition zone of Karnataka are advised to harvest wheat and Safflower.
  Due to low temperature, high aeration is observed in cracks in arecanut field in the Southern
   Transition Zone of Karnataka. Farmers are advised to provide irrigation whenever irrigation facilities
   are available.
  Farmers in the North Dry Zone of Karnataka are advised to complete harvesting of Chickpea, maize,
   wheat, sorghum can be completed as early as possible and continue transplanting of sweet gourd,
   ridge gourd under irrigated condition.
  Farmers in the coastal zone of Karnataka can take up harvesting of pulse crops like green gram, black
   gram, cow pea etc. as the weather will be dry.
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    Farmers in the Southern Dry Zone of Karnataka are advised to complete paddy harvesting
   and take up the sowing of pulses like Black gram, Green gram and also the green manure crop sun
   hemp to utilize residue moisture after harvest of the paddy.
  Farmers in the North East Dry Zone of Karnataka are advised to harvest the sorghum, Bengal gram
   and safflower.
  Farmers in the Western Zone of Tamil Nadu are advised to first treat pulses and gingelly seeds with
   bio control agent and then sow the seeds.
  Farmers in the High Altitude Hilly Zone of Tamil Nadu are advised to initiate land preparation for
   summer sowing. Apply dolomite in extremely acidic fields, apply farm yard manures prior to sowing
   season, undertake sowing during Feb- Mar for crops like carrot, potato, peas, radish, beetroot and
   turnip selecting high yielding and resistant varieties and raise nursery for crops like cabbage,
   cauliflower, knolkol and exotic vegetables.
  Farmers in the North East Transition Zone of Tamil Nadu are advised to provide irrigation to fruit
   crops, as the fruits are in marble stage and this will helps for the better development of fruits and
   provide irrigation to summer groundnut because of continuation of dry weather and no rains.
  Farmers of the Cauvery delta zone are advised to use phernome traps @5 nos./acre to attract
   prodernia moths in rice fallow blackgram crop. In addition to this spray NPV solution @ 100 ml/acre
   to control prodernia.
  In the north western zone of Tamilnadu, maize crop is in the stage of grain-setting and is in need of
   good amount of water and for extended time too. To compensate the loss through evaporation in the
   early summer, it is advised to extend the water irrigation by 15 minutes in the case of drip irrigation
   system and every 7 days instead of 10 days in open irrigation method. This method of extended
   irrigation is to be continued for at-least 3 weeks’ time.
  Necrosis problem in sunflower is is noticed in in the North Transition zone of Karnataka. To protect
   the crop spray 0.25 ml Imidachloprid 17.8 S.L or 1.5 ml Oxidematon methyl 25 EC per liter of water.
  Farmers of the Cauvery delta zone are advised to use phernome traps @5 nos./acre to attract
   prodernia moths in rice fallow blackgram crop. In addition to this spray NPV solution @ 100 ml/acre
   to control prodernia.
  Present weather is also conducive for the incidence of ear head bug in rice and fruit borer and thrips
   in chillies in the South Zone of Tamil Nadu. Farmers are also advised to spray quinolphos 25 EC 2
   ml/l to control ear head bug, dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/l to control thrips and apply quinalphos 1.5 D 25
   kg/ha twice at weekly intervals to control ear head bug.
  Farmers of the western zone of Tamilnadu are to spray with Metalaxyl 1g/lit or Metalaxyl +
   Mancozeb @ 2.5 g/lit. to manage downey mildew in maize crop. For controlling mealy bug infection
   in sugarcane, detrash as per schedule and drain excess water (in severe case, spray malathion 50 EC
   400ml/acre).
  Incidence of early shoot borer is noticed in sugarcane in the southern Telangana zone of Andhra
   Pradesh. To control, adopt the appropriate IPM measures.
  Incidence of mahali disease in arecanut, pseudostem weevil / rhizome weevil, bunchy top in banana
   and attack of red palm weevil, rhinoceros beetle, leaf eating cater pillar , stem bleeding in coconut is
   seen in the High Altitude Zone of Kerala. Farmers are advised to undertake plant protection
   measures.
  Farmers of the southern zone of Kerala are advised to keep standing water in the field to reduce the
   ill effects of high temperature. Leaf roller, stem borer and bug are expected in rice. Trichoderma
   cards can be used to control leaf roller and stem borer. To control leaf roller use a thorny twig to
   remove caterpillars. In severe cases spray (Carbaryl) Sevin (50%) 4 ml/ litre of water.
 Animal Husbandry
  Prevailing dry weather conditions in the state of Andhra Pradesh are congenial for occurrence of foot
   and mouth disease in cattle, sheep pox in sheep, Ranikhet in poultry. To prevent vaccinate the
   animals.
  Farmers in North Dry zone of Karnataka are advised to maintain the Soil moisture in the vermin-
   compost pits at 40-50 %.

				
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posted:1/31/2013
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