FOCUSTHE CZECH REPUBLIC - CzechInvest

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                                                         Selected science and technology parks in CR
                                                         1    Technology Transfer Office Masaryk University     www.muni.cz/ctt
                                                         2    Pilsen Science and Technology Park                www.vtpplzen.cz
                                                         3    Science and Technology Park of Palacky Univer-    www.vtpup.cz
                                                              sity Olomouc
                                                         4    Business and Innovation Centre in Ostrava         www.bicova.cz
                                                         5    Incubator of Brno University of Technology        www.jic.cz
Graphic design and layout by >0< Mowshe, www.mowshe.cz




                                                         6    Centre of Biological Technologies                 www.greentech.cz/cbt
                                                         7    Innovation Centre Trebon                          www.envi.cz
                                                         8    Science and Technology Park Rez                   www.ujv.cz/cz/park.html
                                                         9    Business and Innovation Centre Brno               www.bicbrno.cz
                                                         10   Business and Innovation Centre Pilsen             www.bic.cz
                                                         11   Business and Innovation Centre of the Czech       www.bic.cvut.cz                Selected software development centers in CR
                                                              Technical University in Prague
                                                                                                                                               1   IBM                      USA
                                                         12   Ostrava Science and Technology Park               www.vtpo.cz
                                                                                                                                               2   Sun Microsystems         USA
                                                         13   Technology and Innovation Centre—Research         www.volny.cz/vuk
                                                                                                                                               3   TietoEnator              Finland/Sweden
                                                              Institute for Metals
                                                                                                                                               4   Microsoft                USA
                                                         14   Technology and Innovation Centre, Ltd.            www.ticzlin.cz
                                                                                                                                               5   Monster                  USA
                                                         15   Technology Centre Academy of Sciences CR          www.tc.cz
                                                                                                                                               6   Computer Associates      USA
                                                         16   South Moravian Innovation Centre                  www.jic.cz
                                                                                                                                               7   Logica CMG               GB/Netherlands
                                                         17   Science and Technology Park of Aeronautical       www.vzlu.cz
                                                              Research and Test Institute                                                      8   Red Hat                  USA




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                                                                Technical universities in CR                      students
                                                                1    Czech Technical University in Prague         22,056
                                                                2    Brno University of Technology                17,940
                                                                3    Technical University of Ostrava              14,428
                                                                4    University of Jan Evangelista Purkyne        7,987
                                                                5    University of West Bohemia Pilsen            5,247
                                                                6    Technical University of Liberec              3,905
                                                                7    Institute of Chemical Technology Prague      3,730
                                                                8    University of Pardubice                      3,503
                                                                9    Tomas Bata University in Zlin                2,607



                                                                Selected technology centers in CR
                                                                1     Ingersoll – Rand                   USA
                                                                2     Honeywell                          USA
                                                                3     Ricardo                            GB
                                                                4     Robert Bosch                       Germany
                                                                5     Rockwell Automation                USA
                                                                6     Olympus                            Japan
                                                                7     Rieter                             Switzerland
                                                                8     Roper Industries                   USA
                                                                9     Delong Instruments                 Czech Republic
                                                                10    Siemens Automotive                 Germany
                                                                11    Valeo                              France
                                                                12    Volkswagen                         Germany
                                                                13    UniControls                        Czech Republic
                                                                14    AMI Semiconductor                  USA
                                                                15    Siemens VDO                        Germany
                                                                16    FEI                                USA
                                                                17    Freescale Semiconductor            USA
The most successful cluster initiatives in CR                   18    Hayes Lemmerz                      USA
1      Technical textiles        www.atok.cz                    19    Latecoere                          France
2      Packaging technology      www.omnipack.cz                20    IMI-Norgren                        GB/USA
3      Wood processing           www.msdk.cz                    21    Matsushita/Panasonic               Japan
4      Renewable energy          www.envicrack.cz               22    Mercedes-Benz                      Germany
5      Engineering               www.msskova.cz                 23    ON Semiconductor                   USA
6, 7   Automotive                www.ctac.cz                    24    ST Microelectronic                 France
8      Nanotechnology            www.nanoklastr.cz              25    Tyco Safety Systems                USA
9      Plastics                  www.plastr.cz                  26    Visteon                            USA
10     Furniture                 www.furniturecluster.cz        27    Siemens Kolejová vozidla           Germany
11     Bioinformatics            www.icrcbrno.org               28    Tescan                             Czech Republic
12     Biotechnology             www.wateralliance.cz           29    Bang&Olufsen                       Denmark
13     Construction materials    www.ekogen.cz                  30    Bosch Diesel                       Germany
14     Musical instruments       www.music-czech-made.eu        31    Flextronics                        Singapore




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               Czech Republic
               European Center of Innovation
                                                                                           ry: namely the automotive industry (Czech Republic
                                                                                           has been making cars since 1895), electrical engineer-
                                                                                           ing (first power plant in the Czech Republic was built
                                                                                           in 1888 in Prague) and also the production of arms
                                                                                           (Czech guns have become legendary and are still pre-
                                                                                           ferred by many hunters, sport shooters as well as po-
                                                                                           lice forces around the world today).

               Do you wear contact lenses? Do you sweeten your tea                          Great Czechs • Emil Kolben (1862–1943)
               or coffee with sugar cubes? Do you have a lightning                                               Having graduated from the Czech Technical
               rod on your house? If yes, then you are using some of                                            University in Prague, Kolben received a stipend
               the many Czech inventions. The Czechs are naturally                                              which enabled him to travel to the USA, where
               innovative and the Czech Republic, while comparative-                                            he joined Thomas Alva Edison and eventually
               ly small, has always been big on ambition and creativi-                                          became his secretary in the Orange research
                                                                                                                laboratory and later the head of Edison’s
               ty and has thereby given the world an amazing number                                             research labs in Shenectady. After five years
               of ideas. This can be attributed to a long commitment                        with Edison, Kolben returned to Prague, and in 1896, established
               to education and a rich industrial history which, after                      the CKD electrical engineering company. The firm later expanded to
               democratic and free-market reforms in the early 1990s,                       produce a broad range of industrial machinery and transportation
               rendered the country as a European center of innova-                         equipment and, at its peak, employed over 50,000 people.
               tion, research and development and technological en-
               trepreneurship.                                                             Communism, somewhat paradoxically, helped foster in-
                                                                                           novation. During the period from 1948 to 1989, the op-
               Basic Data on the Czech Republic                                            portunities for free travel, study abroad, exchange of
                                                  2005             2006                    ideas and free trade were severely limited but Czech
                   Area                           78,864 km 2      78,864 km 2
                                                                                           scientists and technicians showed great ability to im-
                                                                                           provize and use the scarce resources available with an
                   Population                     10.23 million    10.23 million
                                                                                           innovative spirit to produce many new products and
                   Labor force                    5.2 million      5.2 million             technologies which spawned new chemicals, plastics,
                   Unemployment                   8.97%            8.4%                    pharmaceuticals and aircraft industries.
                   GDP (ppp) per capita           $20,500          $22,400                 Immediately after the Velvet Revolution, in 1989, the
                                                                                           Czech Republic placed enormous efforts on re-estab-
                   GDP growth                     6.1%             6%
                                                                                           lishing links with democratic Western nations, both in
                   Annual inflation               1.9%             2.8%                    politics and business, and in education and research
                   Average monthly salary         $819             $891                    and development. These activities culminated in the
                                                                                           Czech Republic’s entry into the European Union in May
               Source: Macroeconomic Forecast, Ministry of Finance of the Czech
               Republic, October 2006
                                                                                           2004. Open borders enabled Czech researchers and
                                                                                           university staff to re-establish links with their colleagues
                                                                                           in developed countries as well as with Czech expatri-
               Long history of industry and innovation                                     ates, many of whom have been successful and achieved
               Based on a solid foundation of traditional industries,                      high-ranking positions in universities and research insti-
               new businesses were built in the early 20th centu-                          tutes in Western Europe and North America.

              1600 First public             1754 Prokop Diviš     1787 First Czech             1796 Discovery of           1815 Josef Božek               1837    Jan Perner
                   dissection of                 invents the           sugar refinery                lithography by              exhibits his                      builds the
                   a human body                  lightning rod         enters into                  Alois Senefeld              steam-driven                      first Czech
                   performed in                                        operation                                                carriage                          railway
                   Prague
1348 Charles                                         1773 Royal Czech            1791 First Czech         1807 F. J. Gerstner      1827    Josef Ressel   1837 J. E. Purkyně
                          1706 Czech Technical
     University                                           Science                     industrial               builds                      demon-              formulates
                               University
     in Prague                                            Society                     exhibition               track for                   strates             the cell
                               (ČVUT)
     established                                          established                 held in                  horse-drawn                 the ship’s          theory
                               established
                                                                                      Prague                   carriages                   propeller




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              Excellent education system
              The Czech Republic’s preeminent natural resource has
              been, and will continue to be, the intellectual capital of
              the country’s skilled and well-educated people. This, in
              turn, underpins competitive advantage when it comes
              to satisfying the needs of knowledge-based and inno-
              vation-driven businesses. The Czech education systems
              have been designed to support the changing dynamics
              of industry, and it is thus not surprising that the coun-
              try’s student population has one of the highest science
              and engineering ratios in the world.
              Some of the oldest and largest technical universi-
              ties in Europe are located in the Czech Republic, such
              as the Czech Technical University (CVUT) in Prague,
              which dates back to 1707 and currently has more than
              23,000 students. Technical universities in Brno and Os-
                                                                                    Due to its popularity as a tourist destination, Prague hosts many
              trava have both recently surpassed the 15,000-student                 conferences and congresses every year.
              mark too. The strength of Czech technical education
              lies in the secondary schools, however. Circa 90% of
              the Czech population has attained at least upper sec-
              ondary education. The system of vocational training                   market of nearly 500 million inhabitants with one of the
              centers and secondary technical schools is well devel-                highest per capita spending powers in the world.
              oped and places great emphasis on practical training in               The export climate is further enhanced through mem-
              workshops and cooperating companies.                                  bership in the World Trade Organization, the World In-
                                                                                    tellectual Property Organization, the Organization for
               Great Czechs • Antonín Holý (b. 1936)                                Economic Cooperation and Development, the Multilat-
                                  Many Czech inventions have been commercial-
                                                                                    eral Investment Guarantee Agency and other interna-
                                  ized by foreign companies, the most famous        tional bodies promoting free trade. Furthermore, Czech
                                  example being soft contact lenses developed       citizens also benefit from other advantages of the Eu-
                                  by Otto Wichterle in Prague in the 1950s but      ropean Union, which include the possibility to study in
                                  brought to commercial production interna-         other EU countries. Fears that the Czech Republic will
                                  tionally by DuPont of the USA. A more recent
                                  example is chemical compounds developed in
                                                                                    suffer a “brain drain” after accession to the EU have
               Prague by Prof. Antonín Holý of the Institute of Organic Chemistry   been shown, statistically, to be unfounded.
               and Biochemistry, which form the basis of drugs treating chronic     The country has gained access to a variety of European
               B-hepatitis and AIDS, produced by the US firm Gilead Sciences. The   funds and programs, such as the EU Structural Funds
               two drugs—Hepsera and Viread—were approved by the US FDA in          and EU Cohesion Funds, which are already positively
               2001 and 2002 respectively.
                                                                                    impacting on the economy and are designed to bridge
                                                                                    the gap with the most highly developed countries and
              Advantages of EU membership                                           regions in Western Europe. To that end, the funds can
              The OECD reported that the Czech Republic’s GDP will                  be used to support educational reforms, training and
              grow by 6% in 2006, 4.8% in 2007 and 4.6% in 2008,                    retraining, development of R&D infrastructure, innova-
              owing to exports pulled by foreign direct investment                  tion activities of enterprises, development of transport
              (FDI). While FDI helped accelerate the EU accession                   infrastructure and to encourage greater environmental
              process and consolidated the World Bank decision to                   protection.
              categorize the Czech Republic as a developed country,
              EU membership has brought very significant benefits to                  Support of R&D
              both local companies and foreign investors in that they               The Czech Government has placed great emphasis on
              have free and unimpeded access to the lucrative EU                    research and development, and in the last ten years

              1843 Jakub Kryštof        1881 Frantisek Křižík           1905 Skoda Auto     1912 Viktor Kaplan         1918     Czechoslovak            1922 Jaroslav
                   Rad invents the           introduces new                  manufactures        discovers Kaplan               Republic estab-              Heyrovský
                   sugar cube                type of fluxional                its first car        turbine (patented              lished at the end            discovers
1842 Pilsner-type                            arc lamp                                            in 1920)                       of World War I               polarogra-
                                                   1897 First car       1905 Karel Schinzel                                                                  phy
     beer brewed
                                                          in Central         receives pat-                                         1920 Writer Karel
     in Plzen           1866 Johan Gregor                                                             1914 Jan Jánský
                                                          Europe, the        ent for three-                                             Čapek uses the
     (Pilsen in              Mendel dis-                                                                     discovers the
                                                          “President”,       layer color                                                word “Robot”
     German)                 covers laws                                                                     fourth blood
                                                          manufactured       photography                                                in his play for
     for the first            of heredity                                                                     type
                                                          in Koprivnice                                                                 the first time
     time




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               spending on R&D has increased from 0.95% of GDP to                   Foreign investment in R&D
               1.42% which is broadly in line with other EU countries.              The Czech Republic is the leading recipient of FDI
               The Government’s tools to support R&D and innovation                 per capita in Central and Eastern Europe. Most of
               include:                                                             the investment has naturally gone into manufacturing
               • Deduction of all R&D expenses: companies can de-                   and services, but an increasing share is also flowing
                  duct R&D expenses from their tax base and at the                  into R&D activities. For example, between 2002 and
                  same time include them in eligible expenses                       2004, the Czech Republic secured more automotive
               • Grants from the National Research Program, to sup-                 R&D projects than any other country in Europe.
                  port R&D projects up to the prototype stage                       While much of the R&D spin-off is from manufac-
               • Grants provided from EU Structural Funds covering                  turing operations—like Matsushita’s R&D center in
                  the development of educational systems for R&D,                   Pilsen, developing software for digital TV sets—in-
                  development and upgrading of R&D infrastructure                   creasingly companies are establishing R&D centers
                  such as science and technology parks and support                  in the Czech Republic without having a manufactur-
                  to small and medium-sized companies for innovation                ing presence.
                  projects                                                          This is a sign of increasing confidence of foreign
               • Investment incentives to support companies setting                 companies in Czech R&D and the business climate
                  up or expanding their technology centers and cent-                as well as in the legal system and intellectual proper-
                  ers for industrial research and development.                      ty environment.
               The body responsible for national policies regarding
               R&D and suggestions to the Government on allocation                   Selected foreign companies with R&D centers in the Czech Republic
               of resources from the state budget is the Council for                 AMI Semiconductor             USA             Chip design
               Research and Development, which is composed of rep-
                                                                                     Ericsson                      Sweden          Telecoms software
               resentatives of government, universities, research insti-
               tutions and industry. Financial resources are distributed             FEI                           USA             Microscopes
               to their users by some 20 institutions—ministries, Acad-              Freescale Semiconductor       USA             Chip design
               emy of Sciences, the Grant Agency of the Czech Repub-                 Hayes Lemmerz                 USA             Car wheels
               lic and others.                                                       Honeywell                     USA             Aircraft parts
                                                                                     Latecoere                     France          Aircraft parts
                Great Czechs • Jaroslav Heyrovský (1890–1967)
                                                                                     IMI-Morgren                   GB/USA          Industrial machinery
                                Heyrovský started to study at Charles Univer-
                                sity but soon left Prague for London, where he       Matsushita / Panasonic        Japan           Digital TV sets
                                graduated from University College in 1913. In        Mercedes-Benz                 Germany         Car components
                                1918, he discovered polarography, a method
                                                                                     On Semiconductor              USA             Chip design
                                of electro-chemical analysis while studying for
                                his doctoral exams at Charles University. In         Ricardo                       Great Britain   Petrol and diesel engines
                                1926, he built the polarograph, a machine for
                                                                                     Rieter                        Switzerland     Car components
                automatic registration of measurements. For his discovery of
                polarography, Heyrovský received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry       Robert Bosch                  Germany         Car components
                in 1959.                                                             Rockwell Automation           USA             Industrial machinery
                                                                                     Roper Industries              USA             Industrial machinery
               Protection of intellectual property
                                                                                     Siemens                       Germany         Trains, car components
               Protection of intellectual rights in the Czech Republic
               is really advanced, resulting from the Czech Republic‘s               ST Microelectronics           France          Chip design
               adhesion to many multilateral international treaties and              Tyco Safety Systems           USA             Fire protection systems
               its membership in the EU, which forced the country to                 Valeo                         France          Car components
               harmonize its intellectual property legislation with EU               Visteon                       USA             Car components
               laws and regulations.



                 1948 Czechoslovakia 1952 Czechoslovak          1957 Jaroslav Kurzweil       1961 Otto Wichterle           1968 Prague Spring        1978 Vladimír
                      joins GATT,         Academy of                 co-formulates                discovers                     – shortlived              Remek spends
                      predecessor of      Sciences estab-            the Henstock-                method of                     attempt to shed           seven days
                      the World Trade     lished                     Kuzweilov                    manufacturing                 communist                 aboard the
1945 Czecho-          Organization                                   integral                     soft contact                  regime                    Russian
     slovakia                                    1953 First TV set                                lenses                                                  Soyuz-Salyut
                                                                          1959 Jaroslav                                            1970 Czechoslovakia
     joins United 1948 Communist                      manufac-                                          1966 Invention of               joins the World
                                                                                                                                                          spaceship
                       coup                                                    Heyrovský                                                                  and carries
     Nations and                                      tured in                                               the Semtex                 Intellectual
                                                                               receives the                                                               out scientific
     the World                                        Rožnov                                                 explosive in               Property Or-
                                                                               Nobel Prize for                                                            experiments
     Bank                                                                                                    Pardubice                  ganization
                                                                               Chemistry




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                Industry-academia cooperation                                              Park in Ostrava hosts an R&D center of the US compa-
                Many world-class companies like Porsche, IBM, Mo-                          ny Roper Industries, which focuses on the development
                torola, Sun Microsystems and Honeywell—to name but                         of new laboratory equipment for the chemical industry,
                a few—have fostered effective cooperation with Czech                        while the Japanese company, Panasonic, develops soft-
                universities and research institutes. Porsche Engineer-                    ware for digital TV sets in its European Software Devel-
                ing Services is fully integrated in the organization-                      opment Laboratory in the Technology Centre in Plzen.
                al structure of the Faculty (School) of Mechanical En-                     The last several years have seen a massive growth in the
                gineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague                      number of clusters set up by Czech companies in co-
                where it focuses on technical computations and simu-                       operation with universities, and with both public and
                lations utilized in design of machine parts and mecha-                     private research institutes, to cooperate in technolo-
                nisms for the automotive industry. Solutions developed                     gy and knowledge transfer, training and export promo-
                by graduates, PhD students and teachers of the facul-                      tion. Nearly 20 such clusters focus mainly on engineer-
                ty are used by Porsche and other leading automotive                        ing, plastic technologies, biotech, nanotechnologies and
                companies throughout the world.                                            IT. Further, nearly 20 clusters are again at various stages
                In November 1994, Sun Microsystems opened the first                         of development.
                Central European Usability Lab through its Prague de-
                velopment center at the Faculty of Electrical Engineer-                    The perfect location for profitable innovation
                ing at the Czech Technical University. Students and                        On account of its high intellectual capital, sustained in-
                teachers work on testing software manageability as well                    creases in productivity, significant cost efficiencies and
                as user interface software design. Based on the results,                   easy access to customers in the EU market, the Czech
                the tested software is then developed further.                             Republic is poised to consolidate its position as a Euro-
                                                                                           pean center of innovation and technological entrepre-
                 Great Czechs • Oldřich Jirsák and Ladislav Mareš                          neurship. The trend by foreign companies to establish
                                                 Czech inventions do not only originate
                                                                                           R&D centers and set up partnerships with Czech univer-
                                                 in university laboratories or research    sities, research institutes and small innovative companies
                                                 institutes. Many are results of           is growing continuously. The government of the Czech
                                                 cooperation with private companies        Republic is determined to devote massive resources sup-
                                                 such as Elmarco, which teamed with        porting R&D and innovation, developing the infrastruc-
                                                 the Technical University in Liberec.
                                                 The university has a long tradition
                                                                                           ture for those activities, protecting intellectual property
                 in textile machinery while Elmarco was established only in 2000           as well as fostering closer academia-industry cooper-
                 to manufacture products for the semiconductor industry. The               ation. Over the next seven years, the EU’s Structural
                 two partners in 2004 developed an idea of Prof. Jirsák, from the          Funds will complement national resources. Many foreign
                 university, on how to produce a nanofiber between two electrodes          partners have already benefited greatly from coopera-
                 using a strong electric field. After two years of research, Elmarco is
                 capable of producing a machine with several spinning heads called
                                                                                           tion with the Czech Republic, where the needs of inno-
                 Nanospider, which allows nanofibres to be produced cost-effectively       vative companies can most competitively be met.
                 on a truly industrial scale. Elmarco has already sold machines to
                 Japan, Southeast Asia, the United States and Europe.
                                                                                            CzechInvest is the national business development and investment
                                                                                            promotion agency of the Czech Republic. For further information
                Science & technology parks                                                  please visit our website www.czechinvest.org.
                and innovation centers
                                                                                            Further useful contacts
                There are some 30 science & technology parks and in-
                novation centers in the Czech Republic and nearly 20                        Association for Innovative Entrepreneurship        www.aip.cz
                more currently at various stages of development. Al-                        Association of Research Organizations              www.avo.cz
                though a majority of companies located in the parks                         Research and Development Council                   www.vyzkum.cz
                are small Czech start-ups and spin-offs, foreign compa-
                                                                                            Science and Technology Parks Association           www.svtp.cz
                nies can also take advantage of locating in them. Just
                                                                                            Society for Support of Technology Transfer         www.spzz.cz
                to give a few examples: the Science and Technology


                1990 Czechoslovakia joins 1993 Peaceful split of    1998        Jiří Čížek nominat- 2000 World Bank / Inter-    2004 The Czech Republic      2004 FDA approves
                     the European Bank         Czechoslovakia                   ed for the Nobel         national Monetary           becomes a member             Truvada – the
                     for Reconstruction                                         Prize for method         Fund Annual Meet-           of the European              most effective
1989 Velvet Revolu- and Development              1995 Czech Republic            of calculating           ing in Prague               Union                        anti-AIDS
     tion, Václav                                       joins OECD,             corelation energy                                                                 drug so far,
                                                                                                                                          2004 Elmarco intro-
     Havel elected      1992 Czechoslovakia             Organization                                      2002 FDA approves the                                   based on
                                                                                 1999 The Czech Re-                                            duces Nanospider
     President                joins CERN,               for Economic                                           B-hepatitis drug                                   Antonín Holý’s
                                                                                      public becomes                                           – world’s first in-
                              European                  Cooperation                                            Hepsera based on                                   compound
                                                                                      a member of                                              dustrial nanofiber
                              Organization for          and Develop-                                           a compound discov-
                                                                                      NATO                                                     production
                              Nuclear Research          ment                                                   ered by Antonín Holý            machine




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                Higher Education and Research
                in the Czech Republic
                Tertiary education in our country originates from 1348        fer System (ECTS) for student assessment. The study
                when the Charles University was established in Prague.        programs are offered on a full-time or part-time basis.
                There are two types of higher education institutions in       The ECTS supports an extensive international exchange
                the Czech Republic now: university and non-universi-          of students, teachers and university researches, build-
                ty institutions. The university-type institutions offer de-    ing a joint European educational system and spreading
                                           gree-level study in bachelor’s,    multiculturalism. The capacity
                                           master’s and doctoral pro-         of the Czech higher education
                                           grams taking three, two and        institutions has doubled with-
                                           three years. The non-universi-     in the past ten years, allowing
                                           ty institutions provide mainly     degree-level study for a total of
                                           bachelor’s degree programs.        300,000 students.
                                           Most degree programs are de-       The Ministry of Education,
                                           signed to reflect the conclu-       Youth and Sports is the central
                                           sions of the Bologna Declara-      body in the field of education
                tion. There are 26 public universities, two state-owned       and university research, development and innovation.
                universities and 41 privately funded non-university high-     It develops strategic documents and drafts proposals of
                er education providers in the Czech Republic today.           laws and other regulations concerning education in the
                A number of universities offer international study pro-        Czech Republic. The universities have a dominant posi-
                grams and all of them use the European Credit Trans-          tion in the sphere of research.




                Technical University
                of Liberec (TUL)
                TUL is situated in Liberec—a district town of the indus-      Education budget (2005): $16.7 million
                trial region of Northern Bohemia. TUL was founded in          R&D projects budget: $3.9 million
                1953 and originally offered education in the main in-
                dustrial disciplines of the region—mechanical, textile        TUL students (2005): 7,500
                and glass engineering.                                        Study programs: BSc, MSc and PhD courses
                                                                              Foreign students: MSc and PhD courses in English,
                                   TUL today consists of six faculties:                           One year course of Czech, following
                                   Mechanical Engineering, Textile Engi-                          study in Czech, free of charge
                                   neering, Mechatronics and Interdisci-      TUL main research areas:
                                   plinary Engineering Studies, Education,    • mechanical engineering: nanosurfaces, combustion
                                   Economics and Architecture                    engines, glass machinery
                                                                              • textile engineering: nanofibers, new textile and non-
                                   TUL has subsidiaries in the following         woven technologies
                                   cities:                                    • mechatronics: computer control, advanced decon-
                                   Jablonec nad Nisou (glass design), Jičín      tamination technologies
                                   (economics), Česká Lípa (economics),       • economics: regional and of companies
                                   Jihlava (mechanical engineering and        • education: chemistry, physics, mathematics, regional
                                   textile design), Mladá Boleslav (auto-        and contemporary history
                                   motive industries), Hanoi and Saigon—
                                   Vietnam (mechanical engineering),          TUL culture: museum, theater, galleries, libraries,
Nanospider—industrial production
                                   Nisa University: Liberec—Zittau, Ger-      music halls
of nanofibers. Developed at TUL    many—Wroclaw, Poland (economics,           TUL sport: mountainous area—winter and summer
Liberec.                           in English)                                sports, swimming pools, gymnasiums, top teams
                                                                              in various games etc.
                                                                              TUL accommodation: student hostels, three canteens


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Charles University in Prague

                                                                  Charles University (CU) in numbers (as of 2005)
The University of Prague was founded by the King
of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV by                   Faculties                                   17
a charter of the 7 April 1348, i.e. almost 150 years be-          Number of degree programs                   294
fore Columbus discovered America. At its founding it              Number of degree programs in English        210 (mainly PhD)
had four faculties, but now it has 17. It is the largest          Number of students                          47,831 (PhD = 7,364)
university in the Czech Republic and the oldest univer-
                                                                  Number of foreign students                  6,077 (from 113 countries, of which the
sity in Central Europe.                                                                                       number studying in English = 1,354 )
                                                                  Number of graduates                         6,573 (PhD = 535)
CU offers teaching in more than 290 degree programs,
from medicine and natural sciences to social sciences             Number of academic staff                    5,446
and theology, and places the emphasis on master’s and             Ratio of PhD students to academic staff     1.35
doctoral studies. In all its teaching areas, it is oriented to    Ratio of students to academic staff         8.78
research at the highest level. In both research and teach-        Number of Sixth Framework Programs          60
ing it has a rich cooperation with prestigious universities       EU (FP6) projects in which the university
around the world; 35 of its 188 partner universities are in       participates
the Top 100 of international ranking.                             CU publications in WoS / year               694 (1995), 1163 (2000), 2055 (2005)

This global network of relations facilitates all types of
international cooperation, especially student exchange
at the level of master’s and doctoral studies, academic          It is the leading institution in the large international
                            staff exchange and joint re-          multicenter study Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Inter-
                            search projects. For exam-           Continental 2002.
                            ple, CU offers medical stud-
                            ies accredited by the US             Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics at the
                            Department of Education.             Computer Science School of the Charles University fol-
                                                                 lows the tradition of the Prague Linguistic School, car-
                              CU is a research university—       rying out research in the field of Computational Lin-
                              more than a third of its fund-     guistics. Among many projects in which the institute
                              ing consists of competitive        participates, the NSF-funded Malach project, which an-
                              grants for science and re-         alyzes personal videotaped memories of Holocaust sur-
                              search, including 60 projects      vivors so that they can be easily searched in context,
                              of FP6.                            is a good example of successful cooperation with US-
                              Examples of research of in-        based universities and industrial research centers.
                              ternational dimensions and
                              significance include:               CU collaborates with ProTon Europe and ISIS Innova-
                                                                 tion Oxford in launching CU Centre for the Transfer
                             Molecular Basis of Child-           of Knowledge and Technology(TTO). The preparato-
                             hood Malignancies and               ry phase of the project has already demonstrated the
                             Therapeutic Applications            great potential especially of our pharmaceutic, bio-
                             The research team of the            medical and mathematical-physical research.
                             Children’s Hemotology and
                             Oncology Department at              CU is an open, modern, competitive university—
                             the CU Second Medical Fac-          proud of its willingness to respond positively to every-
                             ulty provides a central im-         one with an interest in its courses or in research coop-
                             munological and molecu-             eration. Apart from everything else, it teaches all EU
                             lar genetic diagnosis service       languages and almost all world languages. We will un-
                             for children with leukemia          derstand you!
                             from the whole Czech Re-
                             public and works on a se-                 Charles University in Prague / Univerzita Karlova v Praze
                             ries of research projects fo-                 Ovocný trh 3/5, 116 36 Praha 1, Czech Republic
                             cused on solid tumors and                      Tel.: +420 224 491 111, Fax: +420 224 491 309
                             hematological malignancies                                   E-mail: uk@cuni.cz
                             in children.


                           Focus: The Czech Republic      [ CZ–9 ]     www.cuni.cz
                                                              SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION




                Czech Technical University in Prague

                A leading technical research university with a long tradition
                                             The CTU is the oldest non-            The CTU has earned a worldwide reputation in precise
                                             military technical universi-          mechanics and mechatronics. Our professors devel-
                                             ty in Europe. Founded in              oped a new concept of machine tool—SlidingStar—that
                                             1707 by Austrian Emper-               enhanced all mechanical properties three-to-four times
                                             or Joseph II, it celebrates its       simultaneously, as compared with traditional machine
                                             300th anniversary this year.          tools. It was enabled by a redundantly actuated paral-
                                             Many great personalities,             lel kinematical structure, i.e. using and controlling more
                                             including Christian Dop-              actuating drives than there are degrees of freedom,
                                             pler, Vladimir Prelog (Nobel          and on-line self-calibration.
                                             Prize in Chemistry, 1975),            Several CTU teams are world leaders in both theoret-
                                             F. J. Gerstner (the first rail-        ical and applied research in automatic control and cy-
                                             road on the European conti-           bernetics. The polynomial
                                             nent) and J. Bozek (the first          approach to control design
                                             steamship), worked in the             has been recognized world-
                                             university.                           wide and its industrial appli-
                                             The CTU expands rapid-                cations range from control
                                             ly, and runs four additional          of very large astronomical
                                             campuses outside Prague,              telescopes through nano-
                 near to large technological and industrial centers.               positioning for electron mi-
                 The university works closely with industrial and high-            croscopy to the next-gen-
                 tech companies as Toyota, Skanska, Bosch, Siemens,                eration filters for mobile
                 Honeywell, GE, Rockwell, ABB, McKinsey, Daimler-                  phones. The new methods
                 Chrysler and Škoda-Volkswagen. Our alumni work as                 for industrial plant-wide op-
                 engineers and/or managers in these companies. Oth-                timization have been adopt-
                 ers venture into starting up their own companies,                 ed by Honeywell. Distribut-
                 sometimes resulting in multinational firms as Net-                 ed production planning and
                 beans or Telematix. The cooperation with industry is il-          scheduling algorithms were
                                             lustrated by the formation            successfully applied to man-
Czech Technical University in Prague         of dedicated research fa-             ufacturing tasks in the au-
                                             cilities, such as the R&D             tomotive industry (Skoda-
24,000 students at 7 faculties and
2 institutes                                 Center CTU, Ericsson and              Volkswagen, LIAZ Pattern
                                             Vodafone in the mobile                Shop and Behr).
Civil Engineering
                                             communications world.                 The Czech Lands have
Mechanical Engineering
                                             Many graduates also be-               a long tradition in car pro-
Electrical Engineering and Informatics       come successful researchers           duction. The traditional
Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering    and professors at foreign             manufacturers are Skoda
Architecture                                 universities and in unique            (now joined with Volkswa-
                                             partner laboratories such as          gen) and Tatra. Citroen, Hy-
Transportation Sciences
                                             CERN, the Brookhaven Na-              undai, Peugeot and Toyo-
Biomedical Engineering
                                             tional Laboratory and the             ta have come in the last ten years. So, it’s natural that
Study programs                               Lawrence Livermore Na-                the university’s Bozek Research Center for Engines and
                                             tional Laboratory.                    Automotive Technology is a top-quality research facili-
14 bachelor’s programs
                                                                                   ty. The center is an official partner of Gamma Technol-
23 master’s programs                              Flair of the Research            ogies, Inc., the leader in specialized engine simulation
15 PhD programs                                   Laboratories                     software.
Many of these programs are in English,            The facilities include for ex-   Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering have been
including joint-degree programs with foreign      ample the university’s nucle-    set as one of prominent and strategic priorities for the
universities.                                     ar reactor, dedicated both       university. The laboratories focus on musculoskeletal
International students form a significant and     to training of nuclear phys-     and cardiovascular systems, sports and dental biome-
dramatically growing part of the academic         ics students and to a wide       chanics as well as molecular-level biophysics. The Fac-
community. The international student induc-
                                                  range of research projects       ulty of Biomedical Engineering, founded in 2005, is the
tion program was classified as the best
student club in Europe in 2003.                   (see picture).                   focal point of some of the university’s most dynamic de-
                                                                                   velopment.


                                                Focus: The Czech Republic   [ CZ–10 ] www.
                                                                                      www.cvut.cz
                                        SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION




CTU Department
of Cybernetics
EU Center of Excellence
The Department of Cybernetics (cyber.felk.cvut.cz),
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical Uni-
versity was recognized as an EU Center of Excellence
in 2000 due to its intensive and pioneering approach to
research, technology transfer and cooperation between
industry and academia.
The department performs research activities in artifi-
cial intelligence, biomedical engineering, computer vi-
sion, pattern recognition and robotics with an excellent
balance of fundamental, applied and industry-orient-
ed research. The main strength of the department is
in delivering complex research demonstrators, proto-
types of intelligent systems or early product-oriented
solutions. The department has been instrumental in es-
tablishing the National Center of Applied Cybernetics
(www.c-a-k.cz), focused on technology transfer. It co-      tion prediction in local distribution networks is used in
operates with many universities, e.g. Edinburgh, Cam-       Duisburg and Paderborn. The Statistical Pattern Recog-
bridge, the Vienna University of Technology, Surrey,        nition Toolbox in MATLAB entered public domain for
Florida IHMC, the State University of New York and the      non-commercial users and became widely used world-
Japanese National Institute of Informatics.                 wide.
                                                            Computer Vision: There are several areas with reputa-
Areas of expertise                                          ble results: omni-directional vision and non-perspective
Agent Technology: Various research concepts of agent-       cameras, wide-baseline stereo matching, dense stereo
based computing (such as autonomy and social inter-         matching, reconstruction of 3D scenes; viewpoint and
action, trust and reputation, distributed planning) have    illumination invariant object recognition in images, hu-
led to the development of several lightweight multi-        man face detection, people tracking in videosequenc-
agent platforms for intelligent distributed decision mak-   es and multi-camera tracking. Long-term customers in-
ing. A-globe platform, for example, has been used for       clude Honeywell (Homeland Security program), Toyota
unmanned aerial vehicles air traffic control prototype,       and Hitachi.
developed for the US Air Force Research Laborato-           Biomedical Engineering & Med-
ry; detection of adversarial behavior of ship movement      ical Imaging: The system called
sponsored by Office of Naval Research; or develop-            I4Control, enabling control of
ment of a network intrusion detection system with CER-      technical systems by eye and
DEC, US Army. Agent-based systems have been shown           head movements, was award-
to be efficient in distributed diagnostics, production        ed the prestigious European IST
planning and scheduling as well as supply chain man-        Prize 2006. Research in medical
agement and virtual enterprises. Agent technology has       imaging focuses on ultrasound
been deployed in solutions delivered to Rockwell Au-        imaging for neurophysiology,
tomation, Denso Automotive, Siemens and CADENCE             magnetoencephalography and
Design Systems.                                             parallel magnetic resonance. The non-rigid registration
Mobile Robotics: The key efforts have been concen-           in colposcopy for monitoring cervical cancer has been
trated on collective robotics, for example supporting       developed for Science and Technology Intl.
team cooperation of autonomous robots, human-ro-            Several successful spin-off companies were established,
bot teamwork and collective localization. Sensor fusion     e.g. CERTICON and Neovision. They complement the re-
technology and environment detection algorithms have        search power of the department by development ca-
been investigated. An omni-directional vision system        pabilities. CERTICON (www.certicon.cz) is aimed at
and 3D laser-scanning solutions have been developed.        intelligent systems development, mission critical SW de-
We contributed to the EU-funded project Pelote aimed        velopment and testing. It delivers software solutions to
at robot-supported rescue operations.                       Medtronic, Cadence, Teradyne and Bosch. Neovision
Data Mining & Pattern Recognition: Pattern recognition      (www.neovision.cz) focuses on machine vision-based in-
and data mining theoretical solutions have been provid-     spections systems for industry and tailored systems devel-
ed. Diagnostic expert systems were developed, for in-       opment. To its customers belong, e.g., Texas Instruments,
stance for Robert Bosch, the system for gas consump-        Index Braille (Sweden) and AVX (Kyocera group).


                         Focus: The Czech Republic   [ CZ–11 ] http://cyber.felk.cvut.cz
                                         SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION




Brno University of Technology


Brno University of Technology (BUT, http://www.vut-
br.cz) was founded in 1899 as the first technical univer-
sity in Moravia, the eastern part of the Czech Repub-
lic. At present, BUT is the only technical university in
the Czech Republic that covers the whole spectrum of
technical disciplines, as seen from its faculties list:
Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical
Engineering and Communication, Information Technol-
ogy, Chemistry, Business and Management, Architec-
ture and Fine Arts.
With more then 21,000 students, the Brno Universi-
ty of Technology is one of the largest universities in the
Czech Republic.
The Brno University of Technology provides educa-
tion in bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral (PhD) study
programs covering nearly 160 fields of study. The uni-
versity promotes interdisciplinary branches such as
materials science and engineering, mechatronics, math-
ematical and physical engineering, ecological engineer-
ing, biomedical engineering and medical informatics,
industrial design, etc. BUT has received the prestigious      PHASE 3D Satellite.
“Diploma Supplement Label” certificate of the Europe-
an Commission in the year 2006.
Research at BUT is highly diversified. Results achieved
within several research fields have received high recog-
nition by the scientific community worldwide, e.g. the
Speech@FIT group at the Faculty of Information Tech-
nology of BUT has become one of the leading Europe-
an labs dealing with speech processing. Experienced
with keyword spotting and speech, speaker and lan-
guage recognition, the group recently succeeded in
several evaluations organized by the US National Insti-
tute of Standards and Technology. Sponsored by Euro-
pean and local projects, it also strengthens its links with
organizations involved in national security, such as the
Czech Ministry of Defense. Other examples include re-
search results achieved at the Faculty of Electrical Engi-
neering and Communication. Specifically, an on-board
receiver with phase-locked loop synthesizer has re-
cently been developed for communication and com-
manding of the AMSAT Phase 3E satellite which is to be
launched in 2007. Formerly, a unique operation cent-
er was developed which helped with Phase 3D satel-            The aircraft BUT 100 designed at BUT using advanced composite
lite control.                                                 materials; prototype currently manufactured.
Worth mentioning is a mobile robot designed to work
in fire and earthquake sites to explore danger areas.
An operator wears a special helmet which visualiz-
es a scene scanned by the robot. The operator con-            chanical Engineering. Starting with a new definition of
trols the robot as if he himself explored the area using      the principles of human vocal folds function, artificial
a number of sensors. The developers of the Orpheus            vocal folds have been devised using new ways of exter-
rescue robot won the World Championship in Padova,            nal excitation of the vocal tract. This new solution has
Italy in 2003.The last example comes from the field of         recently been patented.
biomedical engineering pursued at the Faculty of Me-


                          Focus: The Czech Republic   [ CZ–12 ] www.
                                                                www.vutbr.cz
                                         SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION




Masaryk University Brno


Masaryk University—looking to the future
The fastest growing university in the Czech Republic,
the country’s most sought-after higher education insti-
tution, an internationally recognized research center.
These have been the epithets accorded Brno’s Masaryk
University in recent years. The second oldest university
in the Czech Republic dates back to the creation of an
independent Czechoslovakia; the first President of the
Republic, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, played an impor-
tant role in its foundation in 1919. In this, he was car-
rying on an intellectual tradition influenced, for exam-
ple, by the founder of genetics, Gregor Johann Mendel,
who lived and worked in Brno.

Research—viewing the world of the future
In its emphasis on linking teaching and research activi-
ties, Masaryk University is a typical research university.    The new Masaryk University campus.
In addition to traditionally strong disciplines in the sci-
ences and medicine, recent years have seen a remark-
able growth in research activities in the humanities, so-
cial sciences, law and economics.
In the area of clinical medicine and biomedicine, coop-       The second largest university in the Czech
eration between the Faculties of Medicine, Science and        Republic, but first in many areas
Informatics has led to outstanding results. Research          Masaryk University was one of the first higher educa-
has focused on cardiovascular and oncological diseas-         tion institutions in Central Europe to move to a struc-
es, the study of brain activities, structural analysis of     tured system of studies based on the ECTS model. It
biomolecules, protein engineering, functional genomics        is also a leader in the intro-
and proteomics and stem cells.                                duction of information tech-
Great research potential is anticipated through Masa-         nology, for which it won the
ryk University’s participation in the International Clini-    prestigious Eunis Elite Award
cal Research Center (ICRC), which is beginning to take        2005. Most doctoral degree
shape in Brno within the framework of cooperation be-         programs and some degree
tween St. Anne’s Faculty Hospital and the Mayo Clinic         programs at the master’s level
in Rochester.                                                 are also taught in the English
Other areas in the sciences and informatics of interna-       language.
tional quality include research into nanostructures and       Its current program for the
nanotechnology, material and plasma applications, as-         construction of a new cam-
trophysics, quantum gravitation, mathematical struc-          pus is also unique. This mod-       Polar station on James Ross Island in Antarc-
tures in relation to physical applications, the environ-      ern teaching and research           tica, built by Masaryk University
                                                                                                  in 2005–2006.
ment and ecotoxicology (a center of excellence at the         complex covering an area of
Faculty of Science), the ecology of coastal oases in the      20 acres and costing around
Antarctic, the diversity of biotic communities, the devel-    $240 million will provide facilities for 5,000 students
opment of methods of cartographic geovisualization,           and 500 teachers and employees of the Faculties of
quantum treatment of information, cryptography and            Medicine, Science and Sports Studies. It will also house
highly parallel and distributed computer systems.             the Biomedical Technologies Incubator and the Tech-
In law, economics, the humanities and the social sci-         nology Transfer Center.
ences, important research has been done on the de-
velopment of Czech law in the European context, the            Data as of 31 October 2006
competitiveness of the Czech economy, archaeolo-               Number of faculties                   9
gy from pre-history to the High Middle Ages, links be-         Fields of study                      750
tween health and education, political science, and psy-        Total number of students             35,721
chological and social aspects of the development of
                                                               International cooperation            400 universities
children and youth in the family context.


                          Focus: The Czech Republic   [ CZ–13 ] www.muni.cz
                                                          SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION




              Institute of Chemical
              Technology, Prague




                 The ICT Prague was established in 1952, but its roots         Higher Education Area. Our new structure offers a three-
                 date back to 1803 when Emperor Francis II founded             year bachelor’s degree and the subsequent two-year mas-
                 the Royal Czech Polytechnic Institute. Today, the ICT         ter’s degree. The content and scope of degrees have been
                 Prague is a public research-intensive university provid-      reviewed and new curricula introduced. Students may study
                 ing education and pursuing research, development and          in the Czech or English languages. Students take full advan-
                 implementation activities in almost all fields of chem-        tage of international exchange in the framework of Socra-
                 istry: chemical engineering, food chemistry and tech-         tes/Erasmus mobility programs; there are over 100 links
                                         nology, biochemistry, refining,        with universities in the European Union. In addition, world-
Facts (2006)
                                         water-treatment, power and bi-        wide partnerships are maintained with 54 universities in the
                                         ological sciences and technol-        USA, Canada, Japan, China, Europe and Africa.
Students                       4,100
                                         ogies, environment protection,
International students         307       materials sciences and oth-           A research university
PhD students                   866       er chemistry-based fields. The         The ICT Prague as a technical university has always been
“EuroBachelor” degree                    ICT Prague is the largest insti-      characterized by practical and application-oriented research
in chemistry offered                     tution of higher education fo-        based on solid theoretical foundations. Thus, creative and
Bachelor’s programs            11        cused on technical chemistry in       innovative scientific research and development attract ever-
Master’s programs              9
                                         Central Europe. The ICT Prague        increasing amounts of research funding from research
                                         consists of four faculties: Chem-     foundations, industry, government and the EU. Many of our
PhD programs                   13
                                         ical Technology, Environmental        academic staff are internationally acknowledged experts. In
Faculty members                454       Technology, Food and Biochem-         turn, the high quality of the research contributes significant-
                                         ical Technology and Chemi-            ly to the quality of teaching at the postgraduate level. Seve-
R&D (2006)                               cal Engineering. Several unique       ral collaborative research centers conduct research aimed
R&D funds in overall budget    56%       and most up-to-date scientific         at nanostructures engineering, applied genomics, chemical
   Institutional               53%       equipment is located in the Cen-      genetics, regulation of morphogenesis of plant cells and or-
                                         tral Laboratories, which provide      gans, structure and synthetic applications of transition met-
   Grant competition           34%
                                         services to all faculties in imple-   al complexes, quasioptical systems and terahertz spectros-
   Business contracts          13%
                                         menting scientific projects as         copy and the study of compounds of barley and hop.
R&D projects                   260       well as in teaching postgraduate
Sixth Framework EU projects    20        students.                              Notable alumni
                                         The Central Library has the most       Prof. Otto Wichterle (1913–1998)   The inventor of soft hydro-gel
                                         extensive collection of print-                                            contact lenses.
                 ed chemical books and journals in the Czech Republic,
                                                                                Prof. Vlado Prelog (1906–1998)     Awarded the Nobel Prize in
                 many of which date far back into the 19th century. The                                            Chemistry in 1975.
                 library subscribes to some 300 professional periodicals
                                                                                Prof. Josef Pašek (b. 1930)        Awarded the Czech Head 2004
                 and has electronic access to over 2,500 scientific jour-                                           for the development of aniline
                 nals. The SciFinder SCHOLAR program on the web, an                                                production technology. License
                 on-line access to the Chemical Abstracts, is available al-                                        was sold to Japanese company
                 lowing for tracing scientific information from 1907 up to                                          Tosoh.
                 the present.

              Education                                                                                      ICT Prague
              Quality and choice are the two underlying principles that                    Technická 5, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
              govern the direction of teaching and learning. The ICT                                  Tel.: +420 220 443 896
              Prague offers a variety of study programs, which were                                  E-mail: info@ict-prague.eu
              adopted conforming to the principles of the European


                                         Focus: The Czech Republic     [ CZ–14 ] www.
                                                                                 www.ict-prague.eu
                                                 SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION




University of Pardubice




University of Pardubice, situated on a cozy and modern ITC-equipped
campus, offers a friendly atmosphere as well as challenging educa-
tional and scientific programs.



The University of Pardubice, a public higner education                 science, special chemical compounds and supramo-
institution, is the only university in the Pardubice re-               lecular structures, advanced chemical analyses, engi-
gion. It extends a tradition of more than fifty-five years               neering and technologies in transportation, regional
of higher education in the city of Pardubice, the city                 and public administration affairs and development and
of almost 100,000 inhabitants—economic and cultural                    social sciences. Three collaborative research centers
center of East Bohemia—with strong industrial and                      conduct activities in advanced inorganic materials, such
sporting traditions, situated in the river Labe lowlands,              as non-oxide glasses; biomolecules and complex mo-
100 km east of Prague.                                                 lecular systems, and rail vehicles diagnostics.
The Institute of Chemical Technology was founded in                    According to the Essential Science Indicators (ISI)
Pardubice in 1950 to answer the needs of qualified spe-                 Thomson, the university ranks among the five most
cialists for the chemical industry in the region. After                frequently quoted higher education institutions in
1990, the character of the institute changed. Study and                the Czech Republic. The institutes of the Academy of
applied research programs extensively developed and                    Sciences of the Czech Republic (27%) are the most
the number of students has multiplied.                                 significant domestic partners.
Undergraduate and postgraduate degree courses                          The university considers internation-
cover the areas ranging from natural and technical sci-                al cooperation one of its main objec-
ences focused on chemistry, biochemistry, materials,                   tives. The most extensive cooperation
engineering and technologies, transportation, commu-                   is carried out with the EU institutions
nications and electrical engineering to economics, pub-                (11%) and those from the US and
lic administration, philosophy and the arts, health stud-              Canada (5%) and Japan (2%). Part-
ies and the fine arts in the field of restoration.                       nerships are maintained with over
Research activities range from fundamental to specif-                  170 universities and 30 research insti-
ic applied research. Progressive long-term institution-                tutions and partners in 40 countries.      AFM picture of microlenses array
                                                                                                                  prepared in the film of silver-doped
al research projects are focused especially on material                The university participates in the Tech-   amorphous chalcogenide.
                                                                       nological Park and Clusters in order
 UPa in Figures
                                                                       to support technology transfers and
                                                                       creation of science-oriented companies and incubators.
 Students                 9,000
                                                                       At present, they cover the development of components,
   Undergraduate          75%        R&D annually                      their construction and testing for the automotive indus-
   Postgraduate           25%        R&D funds from          20%       try and the electrotechnical and chemical industries.
                                     overall budget                    RIKoC (Regional Information and Contact Center) and
 PhD students             430
 International students   200
                                       Institutional         60%       IRER (European Regions Development Institute) help to
                                       Grant competition     40%       link university research with entrepreneurs and to create
 Graduates per year       1,300
                                     R&D projects,           200
                                                                       effective public and private partnerships.
 Degree courses           155
                                     incl. international
 Departments              46
                                     Joint laboratories      11                             University of Pardubice
 Faculty members          565                                                   Studentská 95, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic
                                     Research centers        3
                                                                                            Tel.: +420 466 036 445
 Administrative staff     543
                                     Service/business        300               E-mail: promotion@upce.cz, international@upce.cz
 Volumes in library       195,000    contracts




                                Focus: The Czech Republic        [ CZ–15 ] www.upce.cz
                                          SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION




Tomas Bata University in Zlín (TBU)
Following in the Bata traditions




Dynamic development and                                        In this academic year, 550 international students coming
openness to the world                                          from 20 countries are studying at TBU.
Tomas Bata University in Zlín (TBU) is a very fast devel-
oping educational and research institution, open to the        Research activities
world. It is located in the regional town of Zlín, which has   TBU cooperates with many research establishments all
90,000 inhabitants. With more than 10,000 students, TBU        over the world, especially inside the EU, but also in the
ranks as a medium-sized Czech university. It is a bilingual    USA, Canada, Russia and other countries. Recently, co-
university: communication languages are Czech and Eng-         operation with China, India and Vietnam has been in-
lish. TBU was established on 1 January 2001 on the ba-         tensified. At present, there are 80 research projects be-
sis of the former Faculty of Technology, which had exist-      ing addressed at TBU, of which 24 are international
ed in Zlín since 1969 as a part of the Brno University of      projects. Particularly the research in the following areas
Technology. The University was named after Tomas Bata          has reached a very high international reputation: mate-
(1876–1932), an ingenious entrepreneur and the founder         rials sciences (polymer science and composites), chem-
of the shoemaking industry in Zlín, who became known           istry, automation and control systems, environmental
all over the world. The university’s Board of Governors is     sciences and food engineering.
headed by his son, Tomas Bata, Jr. Following the Bata tra-     The Polymer Center is a TBU top-ranked research es-
ditions, TBU is growing into an entrepreneurial university     tablishment focusing on research into polymers, their
with a strong international background.                        production and processing. The research outcomes are
                                                               especially significant for rubber, plastics, the automo-
Study areas                                                    bile and textile industries, health service, agriculture and
Bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degree programs taught       packaging production.
in the Czech or English languages at TBU include technol-      The applied polymer research and food supplements are
ogy, informatics, economics, marketing as well as visual       the main goals of a research team at the TBU Innovation
arts, pedagogy, philology and health care. In this academ-     Center. One of the first achievements of this team is the
ic year, the university offers 32 accredited study programs     new ultra-thin, three-way calibrated catheter made of hy-
and 61 courses. International students can study in bach-      drophilic polymer. This product will be used for medical
elor’s degree programs in Czech (after a two-term inten-       examination of patients suffering from urological illness-
sive Czech language course) or in English. Doctoral de-        es. The Innovation Center focuses also on project prep-
gree programs are studied preferably in English.               aration and coordination of activities leading to the es-
                                                               tablishment and operation of a business incubator and
International Cooperation                                      technology parks, building enterprise clusters and on
TBU has been an European Universities Association mem-         support of R&D and innovation activities.
ber since 2002. Currently, the university has entered into     TBU research involves also various other fields includ-
130 contracts concluded with partner universities abroad.      ing information technologies, economics, marketing,
Most students and teachers travel abroad within the Soc-       art studies and social sciences.
rates/Erasmus program, which enables them to share ex-
periences with their colleagues from over 70 European                             Tomas Bata University in Zlín
universities. The interest in study stays abroad is contin-                Mostní 5139, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
uously increasing. On the other hand, many foreign ped-                  Tel.: +420 576 031 111, Fax: +420 576 032 121
agogues and highly respected scientists as well as doc-                              E-mail: kancler@utb.cz
toral students are members of the academic staff at TBU.


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Academy of Sciences
of the Czech Republic
                                                                From a historical point of view, the predecessor of the
                                                                present Academy in the Czech Lands and the oldest
                                                                learned society in the entire former Austro-Hungari-
                                                                an Empire (of which this country was a part) was the
                                                                Royal Czech Society of Sciences in Prague, founded in
                                                                1784 and comprising the humanities and the natural
                                                                sciences. Among its founders were philologist Josef Do-
                                                                brovský, historian Gelasius Dobner and mathematician
                                                                and founder of the Prague Univer-
                                                                sity Observatory, Josef Stepling.
                                                                Later, it was headed by František
                                                                Palacký, a historian and the prom-
                                                                inent public figure of the Czech
                                                                cultural scene at the time. As early
                                                                as 1861, Jan Evangelista Purkyně
                                                                proposed in his treatise Academia
                                                                the establishment of an autono-
View of Hradčany from the Institute for Contempo-               mous non-university scientific in-
rary History.
                                                                stitution encompassing research
                                                                institutes representing the main
                                                                fields of science of that period.
                                                                This type of institution engaged in
The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic is the            interdisciplinary research corre-         Professor Václav Pačes, President
                                                                                                          of the Academy of Sciences of the
national center of non-university basic and applied re-         sponds to the concept and struc-
                                                                                                          Czech Republic.
search. It comprises 53 institutes engaging in research         ture of the present-day Academy.
in the natural, technical and social sciences and the           The second most important sci-
humanities. Institutes of the Academy are evaluated by          entific institution, the traditions of
international committees on a regular basis, and the            which the Academy has continued
results of these evaluations are taken into considera-          to develop, was the Czech Acade-
tion in establishing budgets for individual institutes.         my of Sciences and the Arts, orig-
The Academy has so far been relatively successful in            inally called the Emperor Franz
obtaining funding from the European Union´s Frame-              Joseph Czech Academy of Scienc-
work Program. To achieve a still better position in the         es, Letters and the Arts. It was es-
European Research Area, however, it will be necessary           tablished by a decree issued by the
for our science to become even more competitive. But            Emperor in 1890 upon a propos-
without a substantial increase of the research budget,          al of the outstanding Czech archi-
this will not be possible. The government of the Czech          tect and patron of science and the
Republic has pledged to adhere to the amount of fi-              arts, Josef Hlávka, in response to
nancial support for research proposed by the Europe-            the intellectual needs of the time
an Union, and for this reason I am optimistic about the         in a developing Czech society. The
future of Czech science.                                        purpose of this institution was to        Main Reading Room of the
Václav Pačes, President                                         promote the development of sci-           Academy Library.
                                                                ence and literature written in the
A brief outline of the history                                  Czech language, and to further
of the Academy                                                  Czech arts. The most important ac-
The Czech Republic and the Academy of Sciences of               complishment of this Academy was its publication activ-
the Czech Republic (hereinafter as the “Academy”)               ities. It also provided scholarships and financial support
have much in common: they both are, in years, very              and, at its instigation, smaller research units arose as
new. Although the Czech Republic was established on             well. D. I. Mendělejev and M. Curie-Skłodowska were its
1 January 1993, the origins of Czech statehood go back          foreign members.
more than one thousand years. The situation is similar          After an independent Czechoslovak Republic was
with the Academy. It has a rich and long history predat-        founded in 1918, other scientific institutions were also
ing the date of its foundation, 31 December 1992.               established, such as the Masaryk Academy of Labor


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               Portrait of Otto Wichterle, Czech inventor of contact lenses.         Monument to Otto Wichterle in front of the Institute of Macromolecu-
                                                                                     lar Chemistry in Prague.




                   and autonomous state institutes, such as the Institute            of individual research projects. As of 1 January 2007,
                   of Slavonic Studies, Oriental Institute and the Institute         the Academy is comprised of 53 institutes established
                   of Archeology. Extensive international relationships of           to engage in extra-university scientific research. These
                   Czech research institutions culminated when they be-              institutes have approximately 7,000 employees, more
                   came members of the International Union of Acade-                 than half of whom are creative scientists. (More de-
                   mies and the International Research Council.                      tailed information on the Academy can be found at the
                                      Despite having been subjected to               website www.cas.cz/en. The internal structure of the
                                      heavy ideological pressure until the           Academy can be seen at www.cas.cz/en/structure.)
                                      fall of the regime in 1989, Czech sci-         More than a third of the creative scientists of the Acad-
                                      ence was nevertheless able to main-            emy are engaged in science teaching at institutions of
                                      tain its creative energy in a number           higher learning and universities. Young specialists par-
                                      of areas and to find its way in the             ticipate in research training carried out by Academy
                                      world scientific community. This                institutes that are accredited for doctoral study pro-
                                      fact, among others, was demonstrat-            grams. In 2005, more than 2,000 Czech students par-
                                      ed by the discovery of the polaro-             ticipated in doctoral study programs at Academy insti-
                                      graphic method and its utilization             tutes, and 256 foreign students were also scientifically
                                      by Jaroslav Heyrovský and his being            trained here. Of great importance is the cooperation of
                                      awarded the Nobel Prize for chemis-            Academy institutes with universities in solving research
                                      try in 1959, or by the worldwide rec-          projects supported by joint grants. Currently, these rep-
                                      ognition attained by Otto Wichter-             resent one-third of all grant projects solved at Academy
                                      le for his discovery of contact lenses.        institutes—649 research projects and grants supported
                                      Among other outstanding represent-             especially by the Science Foundation of the Czech Re-
Center for Biblical Studies, a joint  atives of Czech science, who worked            public and the Grant Agency of the Academy of Scienc-
unit of the Academy of Sciences       at the Academy during the totali-              es of the Czech Republic were carried out jointly. The
and Charles University, investi-      tarian period, worthy of singular              cooperation of the Academy and universities is current-
gates, among other things, a new      mention are mathematician Eduard               ly dynamic and prospective. The number of joint re-
digital copy of the codex of the
                                      Čech, theoretical physicist Václav             search units of the Academy and universities continues
New Testament, the so-called Beza
Codex known since the 16th cen-       Votruba, geophysicist Vít Kárník,              to increase. At present, there are more than 50 of them.
tury and written in the 5th century.  physiologist Vilém Laufberger and              Examples of recently established joint research centers
                                      philosopher Jan Patočka.                       and units:
                                                                                     • Center for Regenerative Medicine (Center for Cell
               The Academy today                                                        Therapy and Tissue Repair), a joint research unit of
               The Academy was the first institution in the Czech Re-                    the Institute of Experimental Medicine of the ASCR,
               public to establish its own Grant Agency, thus introduc-                 the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine
               ing the priciple of competition for the financial support                 (IKEM) and Charles University in Prague


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• Center of Intelligent Systems and Structures, a joint
  research unit of the Institute of Thermomechanics
  of the ASCR and the Faculty of Mining and Geology,
  Technical University, Ostrava
• Laboratory of Cell Biology, a joint research unit of
  the Institute of Physiology of the ASCR and the First
  Faculty of Medicine of Charles University in Prague.

Scientists publish the results of their research activities
in international journals and also in 80 scientific jour-
nals issued by individual Academy institutes. Most of
them are published in English and are available at the
Internet website (http://www.lib.cas.cz). The Acad-
emy also has its own publishing house ACADEMIA
(www.academia.cz) issuing scientific and popular
scientific literature, belles-lettres, original literary pro-
duction and also translations. For instance, in 2005, 71
books were published.
In 2005, the following scientific results were awarded:
• Ferromagnetism and New Spintronic Phenomena in
   Semiconductors                                              Professor Antonín Holý, discoverer of compounds effective against
• The Significance of Membrane Microdomains and                 AIDS manifestations.
   their Novel Protein Components in Immunoreceptor
   Signalling
• The Permanent Exposition “The Story of Prague
   Castle”
• Radiation of Accretion Discs in Strong Gravity
• A collection of papers concerning the Development
   of Proteomic Methods for the Identification and
   Structural Characterization of Biologically and Bio-
   technologically Relevant Proteins
• The Perfect Man and his World in the Mirror of Is-
   lamic Mysticism
• New Methods of Noninvasive Diagnostics of Nervous
   and Cardiovascular Diseases
• Mechanism of Membrane Translocation of the Ade-
   nylate Cyclase Toxin
• Understanding DNA Binding of the RNA Polymerase
   I Transcription Factor UBF.

Personalities of today
Currently, among the most renowned figures of sci-
ence working in the Academy is Antonín Holý (http://           SEM photo of the surface of a newly developed composite material
                                                               based on glass fibers and polysiloxanes. The composite is supplied
www.uochb.cas.cz), the scientist whose discoveries
                                                               with superficial pores, the walls of which are covered with hydroxya-
have improved the lives of HIV-and hepatitis type B pa-        patite (the basic component of bones), and stimulate the ingrowing
tients. He is the author or co-author of more than 450         of bone cells. In addition, the composite is characterized by similar
publications and holder of 60 patents. In collaboration        properties as human bone, and with an easy and inexpensive prepara-
with the Catholic University in Leuven (Belgium), he           tion—Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics.
has developed effective substances that form the ba-
sis for antiviral therapeutics Vistide, Viread and Hep-        the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry for
sera. The antiviral medications have been approved             an initial five-year-term to fund the center´s operations
for clinical use in the USA; e.g., Viread is currently one     and ongoing research. The amount of $200,000 has
of the most effective medications against AIDS and is           been designated for the research of Professor Holý, for
used in many countries in the world including the Eu-          whom the company has established the Gilead Distin-
ropean Union and Japan. Medications are produced by            guished Chair in Medicinal Chemistry.
the United States biopharmaceutical company Gilead             Blanka Říhová of the Institute of Microbiology (http://
Sciences, Inc. In the summer of 2006, it signed a con-         www.biomed.cas.cz/mbu/cz/) and Karel Ulbrich
tract with the Academy on the establishment of a spe-          of the Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry (http://
cial new research center engaged in research of new            www.imc.cas.cz/) are developing an anticancer drug
medications. Gilead will donate $1.1 million a year to         with targeted delivery into tumor cells.


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Eva Syková of the Institute of Experimental Medicine
(http://uemweb.biomed.cas.cz/) is researching
the signal transmission process in the brain and the
spinal cord, diseases of the brain and spinal cord and
brain stem cells and their use for therapeutic purposes.
Czech mathematician Jaroslav Kurzweil (http://www.
math.cas.cz) has contributed substantially to the ad-
vancement of the theory of integral and differential
equations; among others, he discovered an integral
bearing his name, the Kurzweil-Henstock integral.
Armin Delong (http://www.dicomps.com) is the
founder of electron-microscopy and the initiator of the
manufacturing of small electron microscopes—Institute
of Scientific Instruments (http://www.isibrno.cz/).
A radical breakthrough in glass melting technology and
the glass production is a microwave glass furnace de-
veloped by Milan Hájek of the Institute of Chemical
Process Fundamentals (http://www.icpf.cas.cz/).
The results so far have shown that also glass stems can
be melted by means of this method and glasses having
properties not creatable by traditional melting can be     Researcher of the Institute of Botany during detailed GPS mapping of
obtained using this technology.                            compact bushes Spartocytisus supranubius on the Canary Islands.


Some results of basic and of
targeted research in 2005
Some examples of the range of research being con-
ducted by scientists at Academy institutes:
Section of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics (six
institutes):
• X-ray holography with atomic resolution
• On the low Mach number limit for the full Navier-
  Stokes-Fourier system
• Shifts of seasons at the European mid-latitudes: Nat-
  ural fluctuations correlated with the North Atlantic
  Oscillation
• In-situ neutron diffraction studies of transformation
  characteristics of modern types of steels
Section of Applied Physics (eight institutes):
• Plasmachemical oxidation processes in hybrid gas-
  liquid electrical discharge reactor
• Optical conveyor belt
• Hybrid synthetic jets
Section of Earth Sciences (five institutes):
• Pipe-to-soil voltages induced in Czech oil pipelines
  during strong geomagnetic storms                         Researchers of the Institute of Vertebrate Biology examine small mam-
• Pollutant concentration in deposited precipitation       mals during a study visit to Niokolo-Koba National Park in southeast
Section of Chemical Sciences (six institutes):             Senegal.
• Novel types of HIV protease inhibitors based on car-
  boranes
• Magnetic nano- and microspheres for medicine and         • Connecting the navigational clock to sun compass in-
  biology                                                    put in the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexipus) brain
• Novel original compounds with antiviral activity         • Molecular mechanisms underlying proliferation and
• The nature of surface processes during decomposi-          differentiation of embryonic stem cells
  tion of N2O over Fe-zeolites                             • Identification of candidate genes of the metabolic
Section of Biological and Medical Sciences (nine             syndrome
institutes):                                               Section of Bio-Ecological Sciences (six institutes):
• A new mouse model of human aneuploidy syn-               • Function analysis of proteins unique for the protist
  dromes                                                     Trypanosoma brucei
• Auxins inhibit endocytosis in plants and stimulate       • Photochemical destruction of organic matter and its
  their own transport from cells                             effects on water ecosystems


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• Synopsis of research on a house mice hybrid zone
• Flora of the Czech Republic—a nine-volume compen-
  dium
Section of Social and Economic Sciences (five
institutes)
• T. G. Masaryk—The Ideal and the Truth 4
  (1900–1914)
• The recurring Sudeten German question
• Unifying Europe and human and civil rights
Section of Historical Sciences (six institutes):
• The elites of Early Middle Ages among the nations of
  Eastern-Central Europe
• The Early Bronze Age hoards found in Bohemia
• Scholars of Bohemian, Czech and Czechoslovak His-
  tory Studies, Vol. I-III
• The history of Czech fine arts, Part V: 1939–1958
Section of Humanities and Philogogy (six institutes):
• Chapters from analytic philosophy
• Religion and society in South and Southeast Asia:
  Tradition and modernity
• New academic dictionary of foreign words.                 Experimental facility for investigating an enhanced CO 2 concentra-
                                                            tion—Department of researchers at the Institute of Systems Biology
International scientific cooperation                         and Ecology.
The Academy participates both in the process of creat-
ing European R&D policy and in the direct implementa-
tion of European programs and projects, such as COST
and EUREKA. It is represented in numerous supreme
advisory European structures, such as the European
Research Advisory Board (EURAB), European Atomic
Energy Community (EURATOM), European Molecular
Biology Conference (EMBC) and European Molecular
Biology Organization (EMBO) and the International As-
sociation for the Promotion of Cooperation with Scien-
tists from New Independent States of the Former Sovi-
et Union (INTAS). The Academy participates in projects
of the European Space Agency (ESA) and of the Euro-
pean Southern Observatory (ESO), and has joined the
project relating to the Humanities in the European Re-
search Area (HERA). Institutes of the Academy are ac-
tively involved in research programs of the EU; e.g., at
the end of 2005, Academy institutes cooperated in the
implementation of 213 projects of the EU, and the to-       Římov reservoir in South Bohemia is the workplace of researchers of
tal amount of obtained means reached the sum of €4.2        the Institute of Hydrobiology.
million.
The Academy is a member of a number of non-govern-
mental international scientific organizations. It is rep-
resented in the organization “All European Academies”       tor, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Czech research-
(ALLEA) as well as in the European Academies Science        ers, together with their foreign colleagues, are also
Advisory Council (EASAC).                                   involved in the development of a new information net-
The Academy of Sciences is entrusted with represent-        work Grid.
ing the Czech Republic in the International Council for     Academy institutes cooperate with laboratories of
Science (ICSU). International cooperation is also con-      the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), locat-
ducted through 60 bilateral agreements signed with          ed in Dubna in Russia, in particular in the fields of ex-
foreign partners from 43 countries in many parts of the     perimental, theoretical and mathematical physics, the
world.                                                      chemistry of transurans, radiobiology and geophysics.
At the European Laboratory for Particle Physics in the      The Academy is enagaged in the following research
European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN), of             programs under the umbrella of UNESCO: within the
which the Czech Republic is a member, the Academy           program “Man and Biosphere” (MaB), the Academy
is involved in the construction and operation of all four   deals with problems of biospheric reserves; within the
giant detectors of the world´s largest particle accelera-   framework of UNESCO´s International Hydrological


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                 Program, specialists from the Czech Republic work on
                 projects such as “Underground Water Resources under
                 Threat” and also participate in the “International Geo-
                 science Program (IGCP)”. Scientists of the Academy In-
                 stitute of Physics collaborate with the Pierre Auger Ob-
                 servatory in Argentina, to detect and study ultra-high
                 energy cosmic rays.

                                      Examples of International
                                      Projects of the Institutes
                                      of the Academy in 2005
                                      I. Mathematics, Physics
                                      and Earth Sciences
The Institute of Experimental        Semiconductor nanospintronics: The
Medicine studies the origin, mecha-  project “NANOSPIN” aims to explore
nisms and pathophysiological         new approaches to the design of fu-
consequences of iont changes in                                                 Neutron generator at the Institute of Nuclear Physics. The facility
                                     ture magnetic storage-related devic-       serves to simulate conditions of neutron activation of materials of
the extracellular space, the diffu-
sion of compounds in extracellular   es by utilizing new artificial materi-      technological components of the future international thermonuclear
space and changes in the volume      als and microstructures, searching for     reactor (ITER).
and geometry of the extracellular    new device concepts and by attempt-
space: the diffusion coefficient of  ing to integrate information stor-
water (ADCw) maps in the brain of
                                     age, retrieval, and processing in sin-
control mice and mice with amyloid
plaques were made by means of        gle electronic elements. Institute of
magnetic resonance.                  Physics
                                     Integrated European Laser Labora-
                                     tories: The joint laboratory of the In-
                                     stitute of Physics and the Institute
                                     of Plasma Physics PALS, which is
                                     a member of the Consortium of 17
                                     European laser infrastructures “LA-
                                     SERLAB-EUROPE”, provides access to
                                     a 3TW iodine laser and to the world’s
                                     most powerful soft x-ray laser with
The Institute of Experimental        the available intensity of 5×1011 W/
Medicine became part of the          cm2 at 21 nm.
“International Stem Cell Forum”,     Pulse Electrical Discharges in Water:
the international project organized  Corona-like discharges in water can
by the University of Sheffield, UK,
aimed at coordinating research
                                     be used in modern plasma chemis-
activities in research of embryonic  try or for generating focused shock
stem cells: inhibition of signalling waves for medical purposes. A special      Mass spectrometer at the Institute of Microbiology.
with a fibroblast growth factor      “composite electrode” was developed
(FGF) that leads to a prompt differ- at the Institute of Plasma Physics,
entiation of the human embryonic
stem cells.
                                     producing multi-channel discharg-
                                     es. The main collaboration is with the
                                     Dept. of Chemical and Biomedical En-
                                     gineering, Florida State University,       II. Life and Chemical Sciences
                                     Tallahassee, USA.                          Novel original compounds with antiviral activity:
                                     Project AERONEWS “Health moni-             In continuing our search for biologically active com-
Researchers of the Institute of      toring of aircraft by nonlinear elas-      pounds among acyclic nucleoside phosphonates, we
Experimental Medicine participate
                                     tic wave spectroscopy“ is focused on       have discovered a structural group of very potent an-
in the project “Labelling Stem Cells
with Iron Oxide Nanoparticles”.      the application of a new method of         tivirals based on the structure of 2-amino-4-hydroxy
The photo shows a scheme of the      non-destructive testing of material by     (4-amino) pyrimidine substituted at the 6-position by
structure of nanoparticles formed    means of nonlinear ultrasonic spec-        the 2-phosphonoalkoxy group; the activity is directed
by the ferric nucleus and the        troscopy for the diagnostics of aircraft   against retroviruses and DNA viruses. Our further dis-
dextrane cover.
                                     structures. The Institute of Thermo-       covery concerns sym-triazine analogue of notorious an-
                                     mechanics participates in the project      tiviral cidofovir wherein 5-azacytosine replaces cyto-
                    together with 18 European research institutions, coor-      sine. Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
                    dinated by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.              Molecular orientation, low band gap materials and
                                                                                new hybrid device concepts for the improvement of


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plastic solar cells: Organic and TiO2 based solar cells
promise a cost reduction of photovoltaics, if fast im-
provements of the power efficiency and the lifetime
can be achieved. There are still some obstacles to over-
come before a large-scale production of plastic solar
cells can be considered. The feasibility of this approach
was explored with a new generation of organic and hy-
brid solar cells having better efficiency on glass and
flexible substrates, longer lifetime and a production
cost far below those of competing technologies based
on silicon. J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry
The Institute of Experimental Medicine is a partner in
12 projects of the Sixth EU´s Framework Program. The
Angiotargeting project focuses on tumor vascular-
-matrix interactions to develop new strategies for can-
cer therapy. The Institute uses imaging technologies to
study the diffusion of macromolecules in solid brain tu-
mors, and to monitor cell migration in vivo. The Rescue
Project aims towards human clinical trials using stem
cells to treat spinal cord injury. The Institute develops    Within the frame of the 2006 Week of Science and Technology,
biopolymer scaffolds and polymer/stem cell constructs         a scientific cafe was held dealing with the topic, “Does Climate Change
for implantation into injured spinal cord and uses mag-      Mean the End of the World?”.
netic resonace to track the survival, migration and fate
of nanoparticle-labeled implanted stem cells.
Clinigene European Clinical Gene Transfer Advisory
Network: Development of novel therapeutic approaches
against a variety of diseases, including cancer, based on
gene therapy. An important part of the project is to op-
timize therapeutic protocols (e.g. using Treg depletion or
adjuvant treatment with CpG oligodeoxynucleotides) for
the anti-tumor treatment with genetically modified cellu-
lar vaccines. Institute of Molecular Genetics
Kinetoplastid flagellates of the genus Leishmania are
the causative agents of leishmaniasis, one of the most
deadly human parasitic diseases. Since members of the
complex are not morphologically distinguishable, mo-
lecular techniques have been used for their classificati-
on and identification. In frame of Euroleish, a multifac-
torial genetic analysis based on ~18,000 characters for
each strain, revealed strong correlation between phylo-
geny and geographical origin, but not clinical outcome.
Biology Centre

III. Humanities and Social Sciences                          Conference at the Institute of History.
The project Philosophical Problems of the Theory of
Interpretation focuses on philosophical issues in the in-
terpretation of what is communicated, that is on con-
nections between the identification of publicly made ut-
terences and corresponding intentions of subjects that       towards certain groups among the population, such as
are essentially private. Institute of Philosophy             national minorities, ethnical groups, non-dominant re-
Atlas linguarum Europae (ALE) has been carried               ligious groups, disabled persons etc., which differ in
out under the auspices of UNESCO since 1970 within           certain aspects (language, cultural and historical tradi-
broad cooperation of universities and other academic         tion, their identity sense, etc.). Institute for Contempo-
establishments. Among those, the ASCR is represented         rary History
by the Czech Language Institute.                             Within the project Consumption, Household’s Welfare,
The project Totalitarism and the Limits of Tolerance:        and Dynamics of Property Prices carried out at the Eco-
The Example of the Communist Dictatorship in Czech-          nomics Institute, in the Marie Curie International Pro-
oslovakia and Its Attitude Towards the Non-domi-             gram, an econometric model is designed to quantify the
nate Societies aims to research and interpret the poli-      impact of fluctuations in property prices on consump-
cy state power in Czechoslovakia, 1948–1989, executed        tion, and consequently on the welfare of households.


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Cooperation with commercial
sectors and other institutions
The direct collaboration of the Council for Coopera-
tion with commercial and application sectors is based
on agreements between commercial subjects and in-
stitutes of the Academy (econe@kav.cas.cz). The re-
sults of research are applied in industrial enterpris-
es, agriculture, for the preservation and protection of
the environment and cultural values, in the health sec-
tor and for investigating the state of Czech society (in
2005, granted 25 patents in the Czech Republic and
19 abroad; the total number of valid licence contracts
is 133).
The following examples can be cited:
• Development of special temperature sensors for
   measuring rapid changes in temperature
• Study of degradation processes in steel used for
   thick-walled tubes in thermal power stations
• Mathematical model of the melting process for indus-
   trial glasses
• Development of medicinal forms of liposomal and             The Archaeopark in Chotebuz-Podobora where long-term systematic
                                                              archeological investigations are conducted in a cooperation between
   tetraether preparations for photodynamic therapy of
                                                              the Academy’s Institute of Archeology in Brno and the Museum of
   malignant tumors within the framework of the inter-        Region Tesinsko (Moravian-Silesian region).
   national program EUREKA
• Testing the effect of selected psychopharmaceuticals
   on the structure of the lipidic bilayer
• Publishing the collected works of Antonín Dvořák in
   cooperation with the publishing firm Bärenreiter.

Science popularization
For popularization of science results, the Academy uses
all available forms of media and its own Internet pag-
es, and through its Council for Science Populariza-
tion (http://press.avcr.cz/). The Academy presents
its activities also in its monthly Academy Bulletin. The
“Week of Science and Technology” is arranged eve-
ry year within the framework of the “European Science
Week” and attracts unusually keen interest in the gen-
eral public. Within its scope, lectures are delivered for
students and the public as a whole, exhibitions are ar-
ranged as well as presentations of new publications
and scientific cafes with researchers of the Academy
and from abroad.
An important part of this event is “Days of Open              The columnar joining of basaltic rocks near Frýdlant in North
Doors” of individul institutes of the Academy, which are      Bohemia—study subject of the Institute of Geology.
very popular with the public. On “Researchers’ Night”,
which is a science popularization event announced by
the European Commission, Czech researchers acquaint
the public also with their extra-scientific activities at
briefings, presentations and exhibitions. An event no          dents in science. The Academy also participates in the
less interesting is “Science in the Streets” during which     project of the EU´s Framework Program, “Academic In-
institutes of the Academy and scientists themselves           ternet Television Network Showcases the Best of Good
demonstrate the results of their investigations and stud-     Practice Activities” (ATVN-EU-GP). The main goal of
ies directly in the streets of the cities. A project of the   this project is, among other things, the creation of an
Academy and the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs of        Internet portal for dissemination of information about
the Czech Republic, called “Open Science”, is co-fund-        suitable national projects supported by European pro-
ed by the European Social Fund, the Czech state budg-         grams.
et and the budget of the capital Prague. It is directed       The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic is an
toward the further education of teachers, and aimed           open and democratic institution ready to collaborate
especially at stimulating the interest of high school stu-    with collegues all over the world.


                          Focus: The Czech Republic   [ CZ–24 ] www.academia.cz
                                           SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION




Biomedical Institutes
of the Czech Academy of Sciences
                                                                 tionally exist and others originate. The Institute of Phys-
                                                                 iology was founded in 1954. From the very beginning,
                                                                 its activity was oriented towards neurophysiology, on-
                 www.iem.cas.cz                                  togenetic development and the adaptation of the or-
                                                                 ganism to its environment. The main research areas
INSTITUTE OF                                                     in the institute are focused towards molecular and cell
EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE                                            physiology, the physiology and pathophysiology of the
The Institute of Experimental Medicine was founded               cardiovascular system and neurophysiology. The Insti-
in 1975 by combining four medical research laborato-             tute of Physiology is the publisher of an international
ries established twenty years previously. Today, the in-         journal, Physiological Research (IF 1.86). The present
stitute, recognized as an EU Center of Excellence, has           director is Jaroslav Kuneš, PhD.
174 employees, including 54 staff scientists and 55 PhD           The institute has always promulgated cooperation
students, and is a leader in biomedical research in the          with universities and colleges both in Prague and in
Czech Republic. The institute organizes numerous in-             other Czech and Moravian cities. At present, there are
ternational conferences and workshops, and extensive             20 professors and associate professors at the institute
collaboration exists between institute scientists and            plus dozens of others engaged in teaching at various
their colleagues in Europe, North America, Asia and              schools on a regular basis. Moreover, the institute is in-
Australia. Institute scientists participate in 11 current        volved in both pregraduate and postgraduate training
projects of the Sixth Framework Program of the Eu-               of students (80–100 per year).
                             ropean Commission as well
                             as in five other international
                             projects, including a grant of
                             the Wellcome Trust. The cur-
                             rent director of the institute is                          www.biomed.cas.cz/mbu/en/
                             Prof. Eva Syková, MD, DrSc.
                             Major areas of research at          INSTITUTE OF MICROBIOLOGY
                             the institute include: brain        The Institute of Microbiology was founded in 1962.
                             and spinal cord research,           Since its foundation, the institute has become one of
                             neuropathology, degenera-           the major scientific establishments in the Czech Repub-
                             tive diseases, spinal cord in-      lic engaged in basic research in the fields of microbiol-
                             jury, neurobiology of glia, au-     ogy, biotechnology and immunology. The number of
                             ditory neuroscience, cell and       employees varies between 400 and 450; more than 250
molecular biology, genetic and molecular toxicology,             are university-trained researchers and scientific work-
ecotoxicology and epidemiology, teratology, immuno-              ers. The institute has an extensive scientific collabora-
pharmacology, molecular embryology, embryonic and                tion with foreign and Czech scientific institutions and
adult stem cells, stem cell mediated therapy, regener-           universities. It is involved in the pregraduate and post-
ative medicine, biomaterials, nanomaterials, nanopar-            graduate training of students. The present director is
ticles and magnetic resonance imaging. In addition to            Prof. Blanka Říhová, DrSc.
basic research, the institute also concentrates on strate-       The research carried out at the institute covers microbi-
gic and applied research.                                        al physiology, biochemistry and genetics, molecular bi-
                                                                 ology and molecular microbiology, microbial products
                                                                 and their synthesis and production, the biodegradation
                                                                 activities of microorganisms and symbiotic relations in
                                                                 biological models and new biotechnological processes.
                                                                 Other research areas include the physiology and regu-
                      www.biomed.cas.cz/fgu/en/                  lation of innate and acquired immunity mechanisms, in-
                                                                 vestigations of the ontogenetic development of these
INSTITUTE OF PHYSIOLOGY                                          mechanisms in conventional and germ-free models and
The Institute of Physiology is one of the leading insti-         the study of the causality and possible therapy of tu-
tutes of biomedical research in the Czech Republic.              mors and autoimmune diseases. The outcome of these
With its more than 350 employees, 150 of those univer-           studies is reflected in the development of special and
sity graduates, it is an intellectually outstanding body,        unique compounds such as pure enzymes, enzyme in-
where a number of scientific research avenues tradi-              hibitors or antibodies.


                                                        [ CZ–25 ] www.biomed.cas.cz/fgu/en/
                                                                       www.iem.cas.cz
                           Focus: The Czech Republic
                                                                  www.biomed.cas.cz/mbu/en/
                                         SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION




                                    Štěpánská 15, 120 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic
                                     Tel.: +420 296 342 500, Fax: +420 296 342 502
                                  E-mail: info@czechinvest.org, www.czechinvest.org

                                   CzechInvest is a government organization under
                                         the Ministry of Trade and Industry
                                                of the Czech Republic
                                                     www.mpo.cz




                                            Czechinvest worldwide

            FRANCE                               GERMANY—COLOGNE                               UK & IRELAND
    Tel.: +33 1 56 24 87 72                       Tel.: +49 221 1612 145                  Tel.: +44 20 7291 4610
 E-mail: paris@czechinvest.org                E-mail: cologne@czechinvest.org         E-mail: london@czechinvest.org



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      Tel.: +32 2 550 35 53                         Tel.: +81-45-222 2075                  Tel.: +1 312 245 0180
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    Tel.: +49 899 9216 362                          Tel.: (852) 2530 8806                 Tel.: +1 408 376 4555
E-mail: munich@czechinvest.org             E-mail: southeast-asia@czechinvest.org   E-mail: california@czechinvest.org




                       Focus: The Czech Republic      [ CZ–26 ] www.czechinvest.org
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Do you know what the following
things all have in common ...? *
                                        Tracking squadrons                                                           Solution to the mystery
The word “robot”                        of Stealth fighters                   Pils/Pilsner                            of the Moai Statues




                                        Music played                         Ultrathin nanofibers                     Identification of four
Hiking trail markings                   on the Moon                          production                              human blood types




• The term “robot” originates from the Czech word “robota”, which            • The Czech Republic’s extensive network of marked tourist trails
means obligatory, unpaid work carried out by serfs for the benefit           and hiking paths in Europe makes enjoying the country’s lush, green
of feudal lords. The term was conceived by the Czech painter Josef           summers and snowy winters simple pleasure. The first tourist trail was
Čapek and coined by his brother Karel in his drama R.U.R.—Rossum’s           marked 1889 and at present the whole area of the Czech Republic is
Universal Robots in 1920.                                                    covered with over 40,000 km of marked trails for hikers, skiers and
                                                                             bikers. You can’t get lost in Czech nature—unless it’s in the depths of
• VERA, the Czech-designed and produced state-of-the-art passive             your own imagination.
surveillance 3D system is suitable for detection, location, identification
and tracking of air, ground and naval targets. VERA is undetectable;         • Symphony No. 9 “From the New World” by Antonín Dvořák, one of the
it only receives electromagnetic waves emitted by any possible target,       most popular and most frequently played symphonies in the world, is
including stealth technologies. Highly efficient and mobile, transport-      a benchmark for theoretically ideal structure and quality of a symphony
able by light trucks, ready to operate within an hour at a new opera-        for all composers. It has been smuggled in 1969 to the Moon by Ameri-
tional destination. Superb example of highly sophisticated gadget for        can astronaut Neil Armstrong, a member of the Apollo 11 mission.
national security!
                                                                             • Nanospider, a device producing continuous polymeric nanofibres,
• The term “pils” or “pilsner” is an abbreviation of the word “Pilsen”,      is the first apparatus commercially offered which is able to produce
used to describe the bottom-yeast lager beer produced for the first          nanofibrous layers in industrial scale. Nanofibers are visible only with
time in 1842 in the Czech town of Plzeň (Pilsen). Although copied            a microscope, as they are 50,000 times finer than a human hair. Among
countless times around the world (in your town as well), no “pilsner”        other things, they are used universally in filters for water cleaning
can be as delicious as the only genuine one from Pilsen!                     systems and in medicine as treatment for burns, to assist healing and
                                                                             as a way to stop bleeding. They can be used in the construction and
• Until 1986, no one had a clue as to how the colossal statues known         automotive industries due to their excellent sound insulation properties.
as the Moai—which weigh several tons and are as much as 22 meters
high—reached their final destination at ceremonial sites from the work-      • Transfusions and blood donations became safer thanks to Dr. Jan
shop in the Rano Volcano crater where they were created. It wasn’t an        Janský, a Czech physician and psychiatrist, who, in 1907, classified
extraterrestrial civilization, but Mr. Pavel Pavel—a twenty-nine year old    human blood into the four basic types. His classification is still used
Czech engineer, who taught the statues to “walk” again with the help         worldwide.
of strong ropes, firm knots and the assistance of few people.

                                                                             *... They all come from the Czech Republic.

                                Focus: The Czech Republic           [ CZ–27 ] www.czech.cz

				
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