Brief overview on alcohol and drug addiction and rehab treatment
There is a need for more alcohol and drug rehab treatment centers in the United States with
about four million people each year seeking some or other kind of treatment for problems
alcohol and drug abuse. There are another twenty million people in the United States who is
in need of substance abuse but who does not receive it. The data from the National Survey
on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) revealed that in 2011 there are an estimated 22.5 million
Americans aged 12 or older who were illicit drug users and this estimates represents about
8.7 percent of the population aged 12 or older. These drugs included the use of marijuana,
cocaine, heroin, inhalants and hallucinogens as well as the nonmedical use of prescription
drugs such as pain relievers, stimulants, tranquilizers and sedatives. Similarly, the use of
alcohol among Americans aged 12 or older is estimated to be around 133.4 million current
drinkers and that translates into 51.8% of the American population in 2011.
The data from NSDUH further states that in 2011, about 3.8 million persons aged 12 or
older that is about 1.5% of the population received treatment for problems related to the
use of alcohol or illicit drugs. Of these, 1.2 million received treatment for alcohol and drug
abuse. The need for drug and alcohol treatment at a “specialty” treatment facility is now
well recognized among the masses. Specialty treatment is defined by NSDUH for its survey
as a treatment received at any of the following types of facilities and these include:
1. Hospitals (In patients only),
2. Alcohol or drug rehabilitation facilities (outpatient or inpatient),
3. Mental Health Centers
However, a specialty treatment center does not include treatment at an emergency room,
private doctor’s office, self-help group, prison or jail or in hospital as an outpatient. Further,
a person is defined as needing treatment for alcohol and drug use problem if he or she has
met the (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders)-DSM-IV (APA-1994)
diagnostic criterion for alcohol or illicit drug dependence of abuse in the past 12 months.
Alternatively, where the person has received specialty treatment for alcohol use or illicit
drug use in the past 12 months is defined as needing treatment for alcohol and drug abuse.
Thus, there is a need for establishing more alcohol and drug rehab centers as per the
current available data on alcohol and drug addiction.