PowerPoint Presentation - INTRODUCTION to EPIC POETRY by OuFpLcWq

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									INTRODUCTION
      to
 EPIC POETRY
        An epic poem
           has…
 a hero who embodies national,
 cultural, or   religious ideals

 a hero upon whose actions depends
 the fate   of his people

 a course of action in which the hero
 performs great and difficult deeds
             An epic poem
                has…
 a recognition of -- or intercession
 by -- divine    or supernatural
 powers

 a concern with eternal human
 problems

 a dignified and elaborate poetic
 style
           Important
        “Primary” Epics
Iliad* (Greek) / Aeneid (Latin)
Odyssey (Greek) / Ulysses (Latin)
Gilgamesh (Babylonian)
Exodus (Hebrew)
Beowulf * (Anglo-Saxon)
    What do these
  primary epics have
     in common?
 Each began as part of a culture’s oral
     tradition
 ORAL TRADITION socio-/cultural
  values transferred generation-to-
  generation by       traveling
  poets/bards who sang songs about
  cultural heroes and values
 POETRY because rhyme/meter is
  easier to      memorize and more
  stable as passed-on
                What is Epic
                 Poetry?
 Long narrative poem
 Written in an elevated/formal
 style
 Celebrates the deed of a legendary
 hero or god
    The Iliad
 “written” by Homer around
  (c.) 720 B.C.
 Homer did not invent the
  story, but transcribed it into
  its longest-lasting form
 All versions we read are
  translated from ancient
  Greek language –
  Translations can vary greatly
 Called Iliad because “Ilium”
  was the Greek name for Troy
  – where the war took place.
  “Iliad” = “about Ilium”
 The Trojan War (c. 1250
          B.C.)
         Causes
   Nuclear weapons?
           No!
   Treaty violations?
           No!
  Imperial aggression?
           No!
    Trade dispute?
           No!

A WOMAN!
   The Trojan War
 1184 BC/ 800 BC (written)
 Main topic of The Iliad by Homer and
    latter The Aeneid by Virgil
    Achaeans vs. Trojans (10 yrs.)
    Helen of Troy abducted by Paris
    Achilles obtains from war in 10th yr.
    kills Hector the Trojan Prince
    Wooden horse
    City captured Helen returned to
    Menelaus
  Epic of Gilgamesh
       2500 BC
 11 Clay Tablets (story)
    12th Tells of his ruling the netherworld
 Most important epic poem in human
  history
 Various adventures of hero-king
  searching for immortality
 An account of the flood
 Characters
    Gilgamesh (2/3 god & 1/3 human)
    Enkidu (wild man)
       The Odyssey
          800 BC
 Tale of Odysseus
 10 yrs. in Trojan War
 10 yrs. to get home
 Presumed dead wife Penelope fighting
  off suitors
 Consists of 24 books

      More about this one later…
     Literary Devices
 Alliteration-- repetition of of similar
  sounds especially initial consonant or
  stressed syllable (eg. Peter Piper picked
  a pair of pickled peppers])
 Metaphor- comparison between two
  similar things
 Simile- Comparison using “like or as”
    Literary Devices
          Cont.
 Epithet- brief phrase characterizes
  a person place or thing (eg. “the
  Lord of all Life”, “the Rule of
  glory,” “the Lord of heaven and
  earth”)
 Kenning- two-word metaphorical
  name for something (eg. “sea-
  road” for ocean [30, line 239])
   Literary Elements

 Internal Conflict- Struggle that
  takes place within the mind of a
  character who is torn between
  opposing feelings and desires
 External Conflict- When a
  character struggles against some
  outside force… Person, nature,
  society, or fate.
         Journal

Life is full of conflicts. For each
of the types of conflict write a
paragraph that gives details about
your personal experience.
            Villians

Journal Entry: Make a chart like the
  one below and fill it in with
  examples from today’s villains.

Villainous Enemies Powers/     Plots
 Deeds             Abilities
           Heroes

Journal Entry: Make a chart like the
  one below and fill it in with
  examples from today’s heroes.

 Heroic   Enemies Powers/     Virtues
 Deeds            Abilities

								
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