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					                                  Guam
                                Guåhan




                        Flag                      Seal




                 Motto: "Where America's Day Begins"



                       Anthem: Fanohge Chamoru




Capital                 Hagåtña


  Largest village       Dededo



Official language(s)    English and Chamorro



Ethnic groups           39% Chamorro, 26.3%Filipino, 11.3% Pacific,
                        6.9% White, 6.3% otherAsian, 2.3% other,
                        9.8%Mixed[1]



    Demonym             Guamanian



                               Government


- President             Barack Obama (D)
- Governor           Eddie Calvo (R)


- Lt. Governor       Ray Tenorio (R)



                                  Area


- Total              541.3 km2 (190th)
                     209 sq mi


- Water (%)          negligible



                            Population


- 2009[2] estimate   178,000 (181st)


- 2000 census        154,805


- Density            320/km2 (37th)
                     830/sq mi



GDP (PPP)            2000 estimate


- Total              $2.5 billion (2005 est.)1 (167th)


- Per capita         $15,000(2005 est.)1



      Currency       United States dollar(USD)



     Time zone       Chamorro Standard Time(UTC+10)


- Summer (DST)       (no DST) (UTC)



    ISO 3166 code    GU



    Internet TLD     .gu



    Calling code     +1-671


1
    2000 estimate.
Guam Background:
Guam (/ˈ ɡwɑː m/ ( listen); Chamorro: Guåhan) is an organized, unincorporated territory of
the United States located in the western Pacific Ocean.

It is one of five U.S. territories with an established civilian government.[3][4]

The island's capital is Hagåtña (formerly Agaña).

Guam is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands.

The Chamorros, (original inhabitants the island , Mariana island) Guam's indigenous people, first
populated the island approximately 4,000 years ago.

The island has a long history of European colonialism. Discovered by Ferdinand Magellan
(Portuguese navigator) during a Spanish expedition on March 6, 1521, the first colony was
established in 1668 by Spain. The island was controlled by Spain until 1898, when it was surrendered
to the United States during the Spanish-American War and later formally ceded as part of the Treaty
of Paris.

Today, significant Chamoru populations also exist in several U.S. states
including Hawaii, California, Washington, Texas and Nevada. According to the 2000 Census,
approximately 65,000 people of Chamoru ancestry live on Guam and another 19,000 live in
the Northern Marianas. [1] Another 93,000 live outside the Marianas in Hawaii and the West/Pacific
coast of the United States. The Chamoru are primarily of Austronesian stock.

As the largest island in Micronesia and the only U.S.-held island in the region before World War II,
Guam was captured by the Japanese on December 8, 1941, hours after the bombing of Pearl Harbor,
and was occupied for two and a half years.

Micronesia is a subregion of Oceania, comprising thousands of small islands in the western Pacific
Ocean. It is distinct from Melanesia to the south, and Polynesia to the east. The Philippines lie to the
west, and Indonesia to the southwest.

The name Micronesia derives from the Greek mikros (μικρός), meaning small, and nesos (νῆσος),
meaning island. The term was first proposed to distinguish the region in 1831 by Jules Dumont
d'Urville.

Oceania is a region centered on the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean.

During the occupation, the people of Guam were subjected to acts that included torture, beheadings
and rape,[7] and were forced to adopt the Japanese culture. Guam was subject to fierce fighting
when US troops recaptured the island on July 21, 1944, a date commemorated every year as
Liberation Day.

US had 2 permanent military bases in Guam, which benefited the local economy:
    1. The Commander Naval Region Marianas main base
    2. Andersen Air Force Base

Today, Guam's economy is supported by its principal industry, tourism, which is composed primarily
of visitors from Japan. Guam's second-largest source of income is the United States military.Tourism
provided 60% of the islands gross revenue and 35% of total jobs on Guam.
Tourism Industry:

				
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