MUHLENBERG COLLEGE
                                              CHEMISTRY 103
                                        GENERAL CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS
                                            FALL SEMESTER 2009

                                                COURSE SYLLABUS

       Donald W. Shive, Professor of Chemistry (
       Room 304, Trumbower Science Building
               Home: (610) 366-1227; Office (484) 664-3265; Main Chemistry Office (484) 664-3260
       Office Hours:   Monday:           11:00-12:00
                       Tuesday:          9:00-11:00
                       Thursday:         9:00-11:00
                       Friday:           9:00-11:00
                       To guarantee a time, please sign-up on the sheets posted on the office door in 304 Trumbower.
                       If you can not meet at any of these times, we can often find other times that will work.

       B. Anderson, Associate Professor in Chemistry
       Room 338, Shankweiler Building, Extension 3266

        E. Gannon, Lecturer in Chemistry
        Room 324, Trumbower Science Building, Extension 3847

        K. Herrera, Lecturer in Chemistry
        Room 328, Trumbower Science Building, Extension 3973

        D. Shive, Professor of Chemistry
        Room 304, Trumbower Science Building, Extension 3265

        M. Smith, Assistant Professor in Chemistry
        Room 339, Trumbower Science Building, Extension 3267

  Learning Assistants
        Natalie Laucius ‘11 a biology major (

        Matt Marini ‘11 a neuroscience major (

        Brendan Phelan ’12 undeclared (

  1. S. Zumdahl & S. Zumdahl, Chemistry 8th edition, Brooks Cole, 2010 is the textbook we will be using.
  2. The Student Solutions Guide that is available form the publisher will be helpful.
  3. Chemistry 103 Laboratory manual, Fall 2009 is required.
  4. Laboratory notebook with numbered pages and yellow, tear-out sheets for each page is required.
  5. Laboratory splash goggles are required and are available at the bookstore.
  6. A scientific calculator is required. A calculator you already own is probably fine.

You are expected to have had a high school chemistry course and a broad background in mathematics that includes geometry.
Studies have shown that a solid mathematics background is the most important academic preparation for success in General
Chemistry. The material in Chapter 1 of your text should be a review of concepts covered in a high school course. You
should have a basic knowledge of the units used in chemistry (gram, liter, milligram etc.), and dimensional analysis (using and
canceling units in mathematical operations). You should be able to determine a reasonable number of significant figures in
calculations. You should also understand the differences between atoms and compounds.

This course consists of three 50-minute lectures, one 50-minute recitation and one 3-hour laboratory period per week. The
lectures convene at 12:30 p.m. Monday, Tuesday and Thursday in the Trumbower Science Building, Room 130.
For recitation, the class is divided into groups of 15 to 20 students per section. Recitations are held on Wednesday in rooms
and at times scheduled by the registrar. You will meet with the same group for your laboratory session. Your
laboratory/recitation instructor is the first person to ask for extra help when you need it.

The study of chemistry relies upon mastering one topic before you attempt the next; for that reason, it is important that you
maintain good attendance and take good notes.

         Attendance at all examinations, quizzes, and laboratory sessions is mandatory. No make up work will
         be allowed without written evidence of having been seen at the College Health Center or having been
         examined by a physician. In the case of a family emergency, a note from the Dean of Students is

Absences of convenience (college-sponsored events, special religious holidays, sports etc.) must be arranged with your
instructor prior to the planned event. When examinations, quizzes, and laboratory experiments cannot be made up, a grade of
zero is awarded for the work.

More than three absences from lecture and recitation will decrease your grade appreciably. A single absence from a
laboratory can lower your grade significantly. Communicate with your instructor so that you avoid any major problems. We
are here to help, but you must communicate with us.

Three one-hour tests and a three-hour final examination will be given as scheduled in the course syllabus. Expect short
quizzes at any time during the course of the semester. These may be given during lecture, recitation, or lab and will be

Homework is to be done before the recitation meeting for which it is assigned. Make sure you consult your Student Solution
Guide, your Learning Assistants (LAs), and your instructor to help you understand the problems. Highlighted homework
problems will be collected for grading at the beginning of the recitation. For full credit, these highlighted homework problems
must be especially neat, and you must clearly show the reasons for performing any calculations. Sloppy work with no
justification that is simply torn from a notebook will not receive any credit even if the correct answer is given. Be neat,
careful, and thoughtful.

Use of calculators is permitted for most examinations, short tests, and laboratory sessions, but sometimes you will be asked to
set up a problem, explain a result, or justify a concept. In these cases calculators are not allowed

    Always read the material in the text before class. A cursory reading is satisfactory.
    Take notes during class.
    As soon as possible after each class you should reconstruct your notes to make sure you understand the material.
      You may need to refer to the text, the internet, posted PowerPoint slides, or ask friends, LAs, faculty members or
      others for help.
    Do some of the assigned problems referring to examples in the text and the student solution manual. Never postpone
      working on assigned problems until the night before recitation.

It is important that you develop good study habits early in the semester. For most students it is helpful to work with
classmates to discuss problems, study, work on reports, et cetera. Arrange times to meet with your group and help each other.
Remember that you are not in competition with your classmates. Work together and help support each other by making sure
you all understand the material. Do not copy. Do not plagiarize. Do your own work. The staff wants all of you to succeed,
but while we are ready to help, you must remember that the responsibility is yours alone. You should meet and work on
chemistry at least two hours for every hour spent in class. Those students who have already taken two years of high school
chemistry should assist others.

The following represents the weighting of averages that is used to calculate your final course grade.

         Laboratory                          200 points (calculate this by multiplying your lab average, in %, times two)
         Quiz and Homework Average           50 points (calculate this by dividing your recitation average, in %, by two)
         Examination Average                 300 points (this is the total points earned in the three exams)
         Final Examination                   200 points (the final counts 200 points)
         TOTAL                               750 maximum earned points

Your final grade will be determined by your points earned divided by 750; however up to 35 bonus points can be accumulated
by attending seminars and doing well on unannounced quizzes in lecture. For example, a student earning 645 points out of
750 would receive an 86% or a B in the course. But if the same student had earned the 35 bonus points, he/she would have
680 out of 750 which is 91% or an A-.

Your personal integrity is valued by all of us and is especially critical for your sense of self worth and pride in your own
accomplishments. The Chemistry 103 staff takes the Academic Behavior Code quite seriously. You are required to attest to
your academic integrity by signing a statement of the Academic Behavior code on all submitted work.

Remember that you must take ownership of your education. You have been admitted to Muhlenberg because we know that
you can succeed, but your instructors are only your coaches. It is your responsibility to win. Therefore, your success often
means thinking through content so that you do not simply see a collection of facts, but instead you are making connections
between facts. Start by committing yourself to the following:
         1. Actively listen and participate in the course. During lecture, listen as though you are having a one-on-one
             conversation with your instructor.
         2. Reconstruct your class notes as soon as possible after class
                 a. Work with a friend or with a study group to make the connections
                 b. Be sure to expand your notes and understand them
         3. Form a study group
         4. Do all your homework and even do other problems so that you understand
         5. Always try to understand the material better than expected by the instructor

It is critical that you work toward understanding the material so that you can extend your work in general chemistry to
material that is relevant and critical in your particular academic area. Therefore, this is not a memorize-the-material-and-plug-
in course; you must work to understand and extend what you have studied:

         To understand is to make connections and bind together our knowledge into something that makes sense
         of things (whereas without understanding we might see only unclear, isolated, or unhelpful facts). But the
         word also implies doing, not just a mental act … When we understand, we have a fluent and fluid grasp,
         not a rigid, formulaic grasp based on recall and “plugging in.”

         Wiggins & McTighe (2005), Understanding by Design

If you have difficulty in the course, we are here to help in many ways:

         1.   Consult with your recitation/laboratory instructor. All of them have reasonable office hours.
         2.   Meet with Dr. Shive to ask questions that help you understand the material. There are appointment sheets on the
              door in 304 Trumbower.
         3.   Attend workshops.
         4.   Seek special assistance with Academic Support Services
                  a. Tutors                            c. Test-taking skills training
                  b. Extended time                     d. Note takers

Students with documented disabilities having an impact on academic performance may request classroom or course accommodations,
auxiliary aides, and services provided they do not compromise the essential elements of the general chemistry course. Each
Accommodation Plan is developed on an individualized basis and in a collaborative process with the Directors/staff of the following
Departments, as appropriate: Office of Disability Services, Academic Resource Center, Office of Counseling Services, and Student
Health Services.
Requests for accommodations must be made in a timely fashion, at the beginning of each semester. An Accommodation Plan is
developed only after the student meets with the director of the appropriate, disability-related office(s) listed above. A single
Accommodation Plan indicating accommodations, auxiliary aides, and services will come from the Director - Office of Disability
Services, and will include a list of collaborating professionals who may provide additional resources and consultation about the

Students with disabilities requesting classroom or course accommodations must complete a multi-faceted
application/approval process through the Office of Disability Services prior to the development and implementation of
an Accommodation Plan. Each Accommodation Plan is individually and collaboratively developed with the Directors or
staff of the following Departments, as appropriate: Academic Resource Center, Office of Counseling Services, Student
Health Services, and the Office of Disability Services. If you have not already done so, please contact the director of the
appropriate Department to have a dialogue regarding your academic needs and the recommended accommodations,
auxiliary aides, and services.

Requests for testing accommodations for students with documented disabilities must be made in a timely fashion. Typically,
tests are administered and proctored at the department level, in departmental space. However, it may be appropriate for
students with disabilities to take tests in the Accommodated Testing Suite located in Seegers Union. Limited space
availability requires testing appointments to be set well in advance. Appointments are made through the Office of Disability
Services. Students are responsible for setting up the appointments, completing the student section of the Proctored and
Accommodated Testing Form, and bringing the form to the faculty member. The Dr. Shive is responsible for completing
the faculty section of the form and for dropping off/picking up the exam. Please contact the Office of Disability Services (ext.
3825) for more information

To facilitate taking notes in class, abbreviated PowerPoint slides will be posted on Blackboard prior to many classes. Students
might find it convenient to print these slides.

Email messages will be sent to your Muhlenberg College address. Please check and use this email account.


   Aug 31     Lecture 1
              Introduction. Chemical Foundations
                    You should know the SI units for mass, length, time, temperature, and amount of
                       substance (see Table 1.1).
                    You should also know the prefixes, mega, kilo, deci, centi, milli, micro, nano, and pico
                       (see Table 1.2).
                       Make sure you can identify the number of significant figures in a number. Non-zeroes
                       are always significant. When a number has a decimal point, zeroes to the left of the first
                       non-zero number are never significant. All other zeroes are significant.
                    You should be able to perform calculations and report the answer to the proper number of
                       significant figures.
                    You should use dimensional analysis in all your calculations.
                    You should know the names and symbols for elements 1-36.
              Read 1.3–1.6, and 1.8

    Sept 1    Lecture 2
              Atoms, Molecules and Ions
              Read Chapter 2, 2.1-2.6

    Sept 2    Recitation 1
              Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problems for grading.
              Problems: From Chapter 1: 32, 36, 44, 70, 83, 84, and 88.
                         From Chapter 2: 33, 44, 45, 50, 54, and 55.
              You should know the names and symbols for elements 1-36

    Sept 3    Lecture 3
              The Periodic Table, Atomic Structure, Naming Compounds
              Read Chapter 2, 2.6–2.8

   Sept 7     Lecture 4
              Naming Compounds
              Read Chapter 2, 2.8
                   You should know the names and symbols for elements 1-36, and you should also know
                       the names and symbols for the following: Cs, Ba, La, W, Pt, Au, Hg, Tl, Pb, Bi, Ra, Ce,
                       Th, U, and Pu.
                   Be sure to memorize the formula and charge for all the polyatomic ions in Table 2.5
                   Study and know how to use the flowcharts: Figures 2.22 and 2.23.
    Sept 8    Lecture 5
              Atomic Masses, The Mole
              Read Chapter 3, 3.1-3.3

    Sept 9    Recitation 2
              Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problems for grading.
              Problems: From Chapter 2: 63, 64, 72, and 78.
                         From Chapter 3: 24, 34, and 37.
              Individual assignments will be distributed to calculate the atomic weight of an element and to
              tabulate some of the uses and characteristics of the element.
    Sept 10   Lecture 6
              Molar Mass and Percent Composition
              Read Chapter 3, 3.4-3.6

   Sept 14    Lecture 7
              Percent Composition and Molecular Formulae
              Read Chapter 3, 3.4-3.6
              Individual assignment due at the beginning of lecture.

    Sept 15   Lecture 8
              Chemical Equations
              Read Chapter 3, 3.7-3.9
    Sept 16   Recitation 3
              Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problems for grading.
              Problems: From Chapter 3: 48, 52, 54, 56, 58, 64, 66, 70, 75, 76, and 84,.

    Sept 17   Lecture 9
              Stoichiometric Calculations
              Read Chapter 3, 3.9-3.10

   Sept 21    Lecture 10
              Stoichiometric Calculations
              Read Chapter 3, 3.9-3.11

    Sept 22   Lecture 11
              Read Chapter 4, 4.1-4.3

    Sept 23   Recitation 4
              Review for exam.
              Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problems for grading.
              Problems: From Chapter 3: 89, 90, 100, 103, 108, 112, 119, 128, and 137.

    Sept 24   Lecture 12
              The first exam: 100 points and 55 minutes
                   Chapter 1: 1.3-1.6, and 1.8
                   Chapter 2: 2.1-2.8
                   Chapter 3: 3.1-3.10

   Sept 28    Fall Break

    Sept 29   Fall Break

    Sept 30   Recitation 5
              Review types of reactions and balancing precipitation reactions. This material will be discussed in
              Read Chapter 4, 4.3-4.7

    Oct 1     Lecture 13
              Acid-Base reactions
              Read Chapter 4, 4.8

   Oct 5      Lecture 14

             Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
             Read Chapter 4, 4.9-4.10

    Oct 6    Lecture 14
             Gas Laws
             Read Chapters 5.1-5.3

    Oct 7    Recitation 6
             Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problems for grading.
             Problems: From Chapter 4: 16, 27, 30, 43, 44, 54, 56, 63, 64, 70, 75, 78, 79, 82, 84, 90, and 96.

    Oct 8    Lecture 16
             Gas Stoichiometry and Partial Pressures
             Read Chapter 5, 5.4-5.5

   Oct 12    Lecture 17
             Kinetic Molecular Theory, Effusion, Diffusion, and Real Gases
             Read Chapter 5, 5.7-5.9

    Oct 13   Lecture 18
             Read Chapter 6, 6.1-6.2

    Oct 14   Recitation 7
             Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problems for grading.
             Problems: From Chapter 5: 42, 48, 53, 59, 64, 68, 72, 73, 80, 83, 88, 91, 101, 102, 104, 113, 120,
             124, 129, 138, and 150.

    Oct 15   Lecture 19
             Hess’s Law
             Read Chapter 6, 6.3-6.4

   Oct 19    Lecture 20
             Hess’s Law and Standard Enthalpies of Formation
             Read Chapter 6, 6.3-6.4
    Oct 20   Lecture 21
             Energy Sources
             Read Chapter 6, 6.5-6.6

    Oct 21   Recitation 8
             Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problems for grading.
             Problems: From Chapter 6: 28, 37, 40, 42, 44, 51, 59, 60, 70, 72, 80, 82, 95, and 104.

    Oct 22   Lecture 22
             Atomic Structure and Periodicity
             Read Chapter 7, 7.1-7.5

   Oct 26    Lecture 23
             Quantum Numbers
             Read Chapter 7, 7.6

   Oct 27   Lecture 24
            Orbital Shapes and Energies
            Read Chapter 7, 7.7-7.9

   Oct 28   Recitation 9
            Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problem for grading.
            Problems: From Chapter 7: 11, 60, 69, 70, 76, and 84.

   Oct 29   Lecture 25
            Second Exam: 100 points, 50 minutes
                 Chapter 4: 4.1-4.10
                 Chapter 5: 5.1-5.9
                 Chapter 6: 6.1-6.6
                 Chapter 7: 7.1-7.9

   Nov 2    Lecture 26
            Aufbau Principle
            Read Chapter 7, 7.10-7.11
   Nov 3    Lecture 27
            Periodic Trends
            Read Chapter 7, 7.12-7.13

   Nov 4    Recitation 10
            Make sure you do the following before class. There are no problems due for grading!
            Problems: From Chapter 7: 94, 96. 100, 103, 110, 120, 126, 134, and 144.
            Bring your sodium spectrum data to class.

   Nov 5    Lecture 28
            Types of Bonding
            Read Chapter 8, 8.1-8.2

   Nov 9    Lecture 29
            Ionic Bonding
            Read Chapter 8, 8.2-8.5

   Nov 10   Lecture 30
            Covalent Bonding
            Read Chapter 8, 8.5-8.9

   Nov 11   Recitation 11
            Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problems for grading.
            Problems: From Chapter 8: 29, 36, 39, 45, 51, 53, and 56.

   Nov 12   Lecture 31
            Covalent Bonding
            Read Chapter 8, 8.5-8.9

   Nov 16   Lecture 32
            Lewis Structure
            Read Chapter 8, 8.10-8.12

   Nov 17   Lecture 33
            Lewis Structure
            Read Chapter 8, 8.10-8.12

   Nov 18   Recitation 12
            Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problem for grading.
            Problems: From Chapter 8: 64, 71, 80, 82, 83, 88, 97, and 101.

   Nov 19   Lecture 34
            Lewis Structure
            Read Chapter 8, 8.10-8.12

   Nov 23   Lecture 35
            Read Chapter 8, 8.13

   Nov 24   Lecture 36
            Molecular Orbitals
            Read Chapter 9, 9.1-9.2

   Nov 25   Thanksgiving Break

   Nov 26   Thanksgiving Break

   Nov 30   Lecture 37
            Molecular Orbitals
            Read Chapter 9, 9.3-9.5

   Dec 1    Lecture 38
            Crystalline and Metallic Solids
            Read Chapter 10, 10.1-10.4

   Dec 2    Recitation 13
            Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problems for grading.
            Problems: From Chapter 8: 104, 107, 108, 118, 125, 129, and 138.
                       From Chapter 9: 29, 33, 38, 46, 61, 65, and 80.

   Dec 3    Lecture 39
            Molecular and Ionic Solids
            Read Chapter 10, 10.1-10.6

   Dec 7    Lecture 40
            Vapor Pressure and Changes of State
            Read Chapter 10, 10.8-10.9

   Dec 8    Lecture 41
            Phase Diagrams
            Read Chapter 10, 10.8-10.9

   Dec 9      Recitation 14
              Make sure you do the following before class. Prepare highlighted problem for grading.
              Problems: From Chapter 10: 55, 61, 69, 79, 80, 88 (turn in a neat Excel graph used to solve the
              problem), 100, 101, 106, and 108.

   Dec 10     Lecture 42
              Exam Review


   Final Exam Time will be scheduled by mid October. The exam will be 200 points. It is a two-hour
   exam, but you will be allowed to take three hours. Until you know your exact exam schedule, you should
   plan to remain on campus through December 18.


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