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Monterey's Multi-Modal Mobility Plan

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									   City of Monterey

Multi-Modal Mobility Plan

                       January 17, 2013
 Monterey on the Move Advisory Committee                         City Council
            Alexander Cappelli                             Chuck Della Sala - Mayor
          Susan Ragsdale Cronin                       Libby Downey – Councilmember
               Mike Gallant                          Jeff Haferman – Councilmember
                  Bob Guidi                          Nancy Selfridge – Councilmember
                Tim Meehan                            Frank Sollecito – Councilmember
              Mindy Meehan                               Fred Muerer – City Manager
              Matthew Sundt                       Mike McCarthy – Assistant City Manager
               Megan Tolbert
               Rena Weaver

            Planning Commission                      Parks and Recreation Commission
            Ralph Widmar – Chair                          Mike Marotta, Jr. – Chair
          Paul W. Davis – Vice Chair                   Dennis McCarthy – Vice Chair
                Leon Garden                                   Vance Baldwin
              Willard McCrone                                 David Canepa
                  Luis Osorio                            Suzanne Menendez-Herbst
                 Moses Stites                                   Louis Perske
                David Stocker                                Susan Woodward
                                                      Al Macks – Military Commissioner

         City of Monterey Planning, Engineering and Environmental Compliance (PEEC)
                                     Chip Rerig – Chief of PEEC
                              Elizabeth Caraker – Principal Planner
                                  Rich Deal – City Traffic Engineer
                            Andrea Renny – Associate Civil Engineer
                                  Vince Pizzo – Engineering Intern
                      Kevin Anderson – Environmental Regulation Analyst
                  Anne McGrath – Communications and Outreach Manager
                           Laurie Huelga – Communications Assistant
                                   Eric Palmer – Media Assistant
                                          MI3 Committee

                                   Other Acknowledgements
  Transportation Agency for Monterey County         Old Monterey Business Association
                     (TAMC)                         New Monterey Business Association
     TAMC Bike and Pedestrian Committee          New Monterey Neighborhood Association
         Monterey-Salinas Transit (MST)              Scholze Park Community Center
              Presidio of Monterey             Casanova Oak Knoll Neighborhood Association
Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments      Casanova Oak Knoll Community Center
                    (AMBAG)                      Monterey Vista Neighborhood Association
          Walter Colton Middle School                     Green Pedal Couriers
        City of Monterey NIP Committee                        Ecology Action
            Monterey Bay Aquarium
                    Table of Contents
Introduction	 	      	   	   	   	   	   	   	   	   	    				1

Objectives	&	Programs	 	         	   	   	   	   	   	    		11

Bicycles	   	   	    	   	   	   	   	   	   	   	   								17

Pedestrians	 	       	   	   	   	   	   	   	   	   								38

Safe	Routes	To	School	       	   	   	   	   	   	   	    		46

Multimodal	Level	of	Service	 	       	   	   	   	   	    		49

Funding	&	Implementation	 	          	   	   	   	   	    		54
The City of Monterey is committed to supporting and
promoting alternative modes of transportation such as
bicycling, walking and transit. In 2009 the City Council
adopted a Bicycle Transportation Plan (BTP) which due
to budget constraints did not address pedestrian facili-
ties and circulation and end of use bicycle facilities. In
recognition of the need to enhance mobility options for
residents and visitors, the 2009 BTP has been expanded
to address all bicycle, pedestrian and transit rider needs.
In February 2012, the City of Monterey received a Com-
munity-Based Transportation Planning grant from Cal-
trans to develop a Multi-Modal Mobility Plan (MMMP).

Generally, the City’s major arterials are saturated
and cannot be easily expanded to improve vehicle
level of service (LOS). Therefore, to address impacts
of future growth, the General Plan Circulation Ele-           and programs are intended to reduce the overall du-
ment goals focus the expansion and improvements               ration and frequency of traffic congestion and parking
of the City’s circulation system on increasing acces-         shortages without relying on expansive infrastructure
sibility by bicycles, pedestrians, and transit. The Cir-      projects. This requires a multi-modal transportation
culation Element provides thresholds of significance          system that provides an excellent level of service,
to measure impacts to the City’s circulation system           defined as one that is easily available, efficient, and
using a Multi-Modal Level-of-Service (MMLOS) that             well coordinated.
is determined by specific criteria or “measures of ef-
fectiveness” (MOE’s). This plan:                              The Circulation Element Policy a.2. requires that the
    ·	 Defines target MMLOS for certain areas of              City adopt a Travel Demand Management (TDM)
        the City;                                             program to:
    ·	 Identifies projects that, once implemented,                o Reduce the number of auto trips made dur-
        will achieve the target;                                     ing peak travel times; and,
    ·	 Defines the MOE’s used to determine wheth-                 o Direct visitors to attractive transportation
        er the target is met; and,                                   alternatives as they park at satellite sites
    ·	 Defines the monitoring that is required to                    served by the local transit system.
        measure the overall progress of the MMMP
        towards achieving the General Plan goals.             This policy is implemented by Program a.2.1, which
                                                              requires the development of a MMMP that identifies
The General Plan Circulation Element Vision is that           a pedestrian, bicycle, and local transit system that
Monterey will be a City where alternative forms of            provides connectivity between neighborhoods and
transportation are so attractive that the use of an au-       major destinations, such as parks, public facilities,
tomobile is a choice, not a necessity. The transporta-        schools, commercial service and employment cen-
tion system will be safe for all users, and support the       ters, residential neighborhoods, and parking struc-
local economy while maintaining the historic char-            tures.
acter of the City. Circulation Element goals, policies

                                                                                  Draft Monterey on the Move | 1

The General Plan also requires that the MMMP de-         o Ensure that the plan supports local, regional
fine the City’s MMLOS indicators. The indicators           and State goals to reduce greenhouse gas
must tell us when a circulation system is in place         emissions
that provides safe, efficient, convenient, and invit-    o Engage all relevant stakeholders in the
ing connections between most origins and destina-          planning process including those who are
tions that are designed for pedestrians, bicyclists,       traditionally under-represented
and transit riders. This system must be effective to
a level that causes people’s decision to drive their
car to be a choice and not a necessity. Such MOE’s
were used to identify and develop projects outlined
in this MMMP.

Program j.1.1 requires that the City adopt and up-
date every five years, a MMMP that will
   o Establish defined benchmarks or objectives,
   o Monitor and measure policy impacts and re-
       sults; and,
   o Develop response strategies should the City
       begin moving in a direction away from the
       Vision Statement.

The project area includes the City of Monterey, and
will focus on linking surrounding regional facilities,
the City’s mixed-use areas, visitor destinations, rec-
reation and open space areas, educational facilities,
and residential neighborhoods. The MMMP will
maximize linkages between each planning area and
destinations outlined above and create a compre-
hensive, citywide plan that will further the goals
to maintain, manage, and enhance the movement
of goods and people; and to spur the economic de-
velopment and growth, job creation, and trade. The
main plan objectives are as follows:
    o Improve pedestrian circulation Citywide
        by providing safe convenient connections
        between residential, commercial and recre-
        ational areas.
    o Update the 2009 City of Monterey Bicycle
        Transportation Plan and identify ways to
        strengthen the connection between bicy-
        cling, walking and transit
    o Ensure that the plan serves the diverse
        needs of the community while contributing
        to economic growth

2 | Draft Monterey on the Move

                                                        Bicycle and Pedestrian Committee. The plan and
                                                        public hearings were advertised online, through a
Formed Advisory Committee - The first step of           public service announcement video (PSA), and in
the planning process was to form an Advisory Com-       local newspapers and flyers.
mittee of key stakeholders who identified and fur-
ther defined the project goals and objectives, scope    Data Collection–The Advisory Committee assisted
of work and schedule. The group was composed of         Staff in surveying existing bicycle and pedestrian
representatives from:                                   facilities throughout the city and conducting
                                                        informal field interviews to identify user needs
   ·	 Transit and transportation agencies               and infrastructure in need of improvement. Trans-
   ·	 Local bicycle and pedestrian advocacy             portation Engineering staff counted bicyclists and
      groups                                            pedestrians at various locations to identify popu-
   ·	 The Blind & Visually Impaired Center of           lar routes, track user volumes, establish baseline
      Monterey                                          pedestrian counts and observe behavior.
   ·	 Presidio of Monterey
   ·	 Bicycle commuters                                 Drafted Plan Chapters – Developed Objectives
   ·	 City of Monterey Planning staff                   and Programs, Pedestrian, Safe Routes To School,
                                                        Bicycle, Multimodal Level of Service and Fund-
The Advisory Committee had several meetings             ing and Implementation chapters. The Advisory
to discuss the content and direction of the plan,       Committee reviewed and commented on the initial
develop a public outreach strategy, and develop and     draft plan.
execute a field work strategy.
                                                        Environmental Review – Consideration of any
Existing Policy Review- Advisory Committee and          and all potential environmental impacts that could
City staff reviewed existing local and regional poli-   result from the implementation of the plan and
cies to determine its affect or impact on the Mon-      development of appropriate environmental docu-
terey on the Move plan.                                 mentation and

Public Outreach – A multi-media public outreach
strategy was developed in order to reach and            – The draft plan was reviewed, discussed, recom-
                                                        Presented to Decisionmakers for Adoption

receive input from a broad segment of the commu-        mended, and/or adopted by the following advisory
nity. Staff attended and organized several neigh-       bodies:
borhood meetings and community events (such as             ·	 Parks and Recreation Commission (Janu-
farmers market and Bike to Work Week), to discuss              ary)
which pedestrian, bicycle and transit improve-             ·	 Planning Commission (February)
ments are most needed in the city. Input was also          ·	 City Council (March)
received through a community survey which was              ·	 TAMC Bicycle and Pedestrian Committee
distributed both online, and in hard copy form.                (March)
Once the draft plan was released for public review,
members of the community had an opportunity to
share their ideas and comment on the draft during
public hearings of the Parks and Recreation Com-

mission, Planning Commission, City Council and          The transportation needs of a population are
Transportation Agency of Monterey County (TAMC)         directly related to the local general, physical and

                                                                            Draft Monterey on the Move | 3

economic demographics. Mode choice is affected                  decreased from 29,674 people to 27,810 (Table 1).
by various different factors such as age, physical              However, the number of residents ages 20 to 24
ability, urban form and economic status. For exam-              years increased by 5 percent which suggests that
ple, some individuals within the community cannot               local college enrollment is stable. College students
drive a car because they are either too young and               are less likely to own their own car and more likely
do not have their driver’s license, are visually im-            than working adults to utilize transit and active
paired or have other physical or mental challenges,             forms of transportation such as bicycling and walk-
or cannot afford one. This group of non-drivers                 ing. Therefore it is important that transit routes
includes youth, college students, physically and                serve the needs of students. Transit can serve
mentally disabled, seniors and low-income indi-                 students by syncing service schedules with class
 viduals. In order to serve the transportation needs            schedules, providing direct routes between campus
 of all users, it is imperative that alternatives to the        and activity centers where many students work,
 car such as walking, bicycling and transit be widely           shop for essentials and/or live, and offering schools
 available and easy to access.                                  discounted passes so that every student may have
 An analysis of U.S. Census data uncovered demo-                easy access to the bus.
 graphic trends in Monterey, which informed the
 citywide transportation policies incorporated in               The national recession of 2008-2012 also impacted
 this plan.                                                     the local economy and job market. From 2000 to
 Monterey has a slowly shrinking population that is             2010 there was a 7 percent reduction in employed
 heavily influenced by the presence of the U.S. Navy,           Monterey residents (U.S. Census). A portion of this
  U.S. Army, and local colleges and universities. From          percentage can be attributed to individuals leaving
  2000 to 2010 the overall population of Monterey               the workforce for retirement. However, it is likely

                                   TABLE 1: CITY OF MONTEREY - AGE & GENDER
                                      Gender (2010)
                 Age                Male          Female        Total 2010       Total 2000      Percent Change
         Under 10 years                1,346          1,239            2,585            2,898                   -11%
         10 to 14 years                  500            509            1,009            1,263                  -20%
         15 to 19 years                  948            724            1,672            1,961                  -15%
         20 to 24 years                1,629          1,212            2,841            2,695                     5%
         25 to 34 years                2,656          2,367            5,023            5,382                    -7%
         35 to 44 years                1,793          1,658            3,451            4,638                  -26%
         45 to 54 years                1,717          1,740            3,457            4,031                  -14%
         55 to 64 years                1,634          1,841            3,475            2,396                   45%
         65 to 74 years                  920           1072            1,992            1,974                     1%
         75 to 84 years                  566            804            1,370            1,699                  -19%
         85 years and over               281            654              935              737                   27%
         Total                        13,990         13,820          27,810            29,674                    -6%

          U.S. Census Table DP-1-Geography-Monterey city, California: Profile of General Population and Housing Char-
                      acteristics: 2010; Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000

4 | Draft Monterey on the Move

that lay-offs and job scarcity are larger contributing             per gallon in California (See Figure 1). As gasoline-in-
factors. The greatest declines in population during                tensive transportation modes increased in cost, more in-
this period were seen in age groups 35 to 44 years                 dividuals switched to less expensive alternative modes
and 10 to 14 years (Table 1). Some of these indi-                  for more of their trips or worked from home. Gasoline
                                                                   is a finite resource and the trend of increasing cost is
viduals may represent families who were victims of
                                                                   projected to continue on into the foreseeable future.
the economic downturn, and had to move away in
order to find work or more affordable housing.
The age group 55 to 64 experienced the most sub-
                                                                   This means the demand for alternative modes of transpor-

stantial increase in population from 2000 to 2010.
                                                                   tation such as transit, bicycling and walking will necessarily

This group represents the “Baby Boom” population                   Advances in communication technology over the past
who were born shortly after WWII. This group                       decade have enabled many professionals to work from
                                                                   home, and working from home has become a commonly
tends to be more physically active than previous
                                                                   accepted practice. The percentage of Monterey workers
generations at this age and bicycle, walk and jog for
                                                                   who worked at home doubled from 2000 to 2010. In
exercise and recreation. However, Baby Boomers                     order to compete with Silicon Valley and major met-
are also more likely to drive a car as their primary               ropolitan areas for talent the City of Monterey should
mode of transportation for most trips. As this pop-                consider policy to allow employees the option to work
ulation retires and ages, there will be an increased               from home when appropriate to reduce vehicle miles
demand for recreational bicycle and pedestrian                     travelled and resulting greenhouse gas emissions.
facilities and transit and paratransit services that
are attractive to individuals who are accustomed to
convenient, direct and comfortable transportation.
The percentage of Monterey residents who walked, rode
the bus or travelled by bicycle, motorcycle or taxi to get
to work increased from 2000 to 2010 (Table 2). Con-
versely, fewer individuals travelled to work by car, truck,
van or carpool. This trend may be a result of the steady
rise in gas prices over the past decade. Since 2000, gas
prices have risen from $1.70 per gallon to over $4.00

                                     TABLE 2: MONTEREY COMMUTING TO WORK
                                                                 2000                2010        Percent Change %
                                                         Esti-      Per-     Esti-      Per-
                              MODE                       mate       cent     mate       cent
               Workers 16 years and over                 16,699      100%     15,479     100%                   -7%
             Car, truck, or van -- drove alone           10,854        65%      8,566     55%                 -21%
             Car, truck, or van -- carpooled               1,524        9%      1,257      8%                 -18%
             Public transportation (excluding taxicab)       523        3%        675      4%                  29%
             Walked                                        2,691       16%      2,876     19%                   7%
             Other means (bicycle, motorcycle, taxi)         464        3%        835      5%                  80%
             Worked at home                                  643        4%      1,270      8%                  98%
             Mean travel time to work (minutes)             15.7 (X)             15.1      (X)
            U.S. Census Table DP03. Selected Economic: 2010; U.S. Census Table DP-3. Profile of Select-
            ed Economic Characteristics: 2000

                                                                                          Draft Monterey on the Move | 5

                                                                 The majority of those who have physical and cogni-
                                                                 tive disabilities in Monterey are seniors (Table 3).
                                                                 Most were not born with their disability and had
                                                                 to adapt later in life. So too will the transportation
                                                                 network need to adapt to the increased demand for
                                                                 ADA access, maintenance of pedestrian facilities
                                                                 and transit/paratransit service.
                                                                 The Blind and Visually Impaired Center of Mon-
                                                                 terey County is a valued resource in the commu-
                                                                 nity and offers orientation and mobility training
                                                                 and support. In addition to teaching those with
                                                                 low or no vision to adapt to the existing environ-
Figure 1: Weekly California Retail Gasoline Prices

                                                                 ment, pedestrian infrastructure can be enhanced
                                                                 or redesigned to make it safer or easier to navigate.
                                                                 For example audible countdown devices at signal-

When planning a transportation network it is                     ized intersections let those who cannot see the
important to consider the needs of all residents                 pedestrian display how much time they have left to
and visitors especially those who may have special               cross. Improvements such as this instill confidence
needs such as those with physical or cognitive dis-              in those who are blind and visually impaired and
abilities. The American Disabilities Act (ADA) sets              enable mobility and ultimately personal indepen-
forth infrastructure requirements to accommodate                 dence.
those with disabilities and the City of Monterey has
made it a priority to improve ADA access through-                Low-income households are less likely to have ac-
out the city. In 2011, the City began an in-depth
                                                                 Low-Income	Households

                                                                 cess to a personal vehicle and more likely to spend
analysis and cataloguing of ADA access at all in-                a high percentage of their household income on
tersections in Monterey. The final product will be               gasoline if they do own a car. In 2010, those who
a report of existing conditions and GIS inventory                lived in low-income households were more likely to
of intersections that require the addition of ADA                carpool, walk and work from home than moderate

                               TABLE 3: CITY OF MONTEREY DISABILITIES BY AGE (2010)
                                                        DISABILITY CHARACTERISTIC
                              Hearing      Vision    Cognitive   Ambulatory    Self-Care      Independent living

         Under 5 years                0          0          NA           NA           NA                             NA
         5 to 17 years                0         59         135            40           51                            NA
         18 to 64 years            191        162          466           584         134                         415
         65 years and
         over                      541        219          338           789         390                         652
         TOTAL                     732        440          939         1413          575                        1067

         U.S. Census Table S1810: Disability Characteristics. 2008-2010 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates

6 | Draft Monterey on the Move

                                                                     Economic Status
                               TABLE 4: COMMUTE MODE CHOICE BY ECONOMIC STATUS

                                            Below                     100%
                     Mode                  100% of                 to 149%                  At or above
                                           Poverty      % Of      of Poverty    % Of      150% of Pov-    % Of
                                            Level       Group        Level      Group      erty Level     Group
      Car, truck, or van - drove alone            294     44%            400       58%            7,795      68%
      Car, truck, or van - carpooled               72     11%              52       8%            1,083          9%
      Public transportation (excluding
      taxicab):                                    32      5%              48       7%              284          2%
      Walked                                      119     18%              75      11%              807          7%
      Taxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, or
      other means                                  21      3%              62       9%              697          6%
      Worked at home                              123     19%              56       8%              791          7%

      U.S. Census Table B08122: Means of Transportation to work by Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months. 2006-
      TOTAL                                      661       (X)           693        (X)          11,457          (X)

      2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

and high-income households. A higher percentage              mercial land uses are spaced further apart and are
of those who lived in moderate-income households             more dependent upon motorized transportation.
rode public transportation and bicycles than other           Most trips either originate or end at the home,
income groups (Table 4).                                     which means the organization of residential land
                                                             uses in relation to other trip generators is vital to
                                                             creating an efficient transportation network. In or-
                                                             der to reduce traffic congestion, improve air quality

Transportation and land use are intrinsically con-           and enable multimodal transportation, residential
nected. The goal of transportation is to serve land          areas should be located within walking distance
uses, and land uses can be organized to maximize             (¼ to ½ mile) of job centers, academic institutions,
mobility and overall efficiency of a transportation          shopping, parks, entertainment and transit.
network. Historically, the available and dominate            Most land uses identified in the City of Monterey
mode of transportation greatly influenced urban              General Plan are organized to maximize mobil-
form. The older portions of Monterey near down-              ity. However, existing low density, single land-use
town and the waterfront were developed when                  development such as those along Ragsdale Drive,
most people walked for daily transportation. This            Ryan Ranch Rd and in the Skyline Forest neighbor-
resulted in a compact “grid” network of narrow               hood present a challenge to providing multimodal
streets and residences located within ½ to 1 mile of         transportation to those areas. They are further
shops, entertainment and employment.                         than 1/2 mile to major activity centers in Mon-
                                                             terey and rely heavily on motorized transportation.
The transportation network is heavily influenced             Although these areas are outside of the comfort-
by travel behavior, user preferences and land use.           able walking distance for most people, they are
Certain land use patterns such as those that allow           within an acceptable bicycling range of two to
mixed-use development and transit-oriented devel-            three miles from major trip generators and tran-
opment generate high volumes of pedestrian and               sit. Future plans to allow for mixed-use develop-
bicycle activity. Low-density residential and com-           ment will encourage more pedestrian and bicycle

                                                                                    Draft Monterey on the Move | 7

activity within the area. Private transit or carpool     ness parks with a combination of office and indus-
programs provided by employers could also reduce         trial uses
single-occupant vehicle trips to and from these
areas.                                                   Commercial – This category applies to all types
The land uses identified in the City of Monterey         of commercial areas and allows the full range of
General Plan are shown in Figure 2 and are de-           commercial uses including retail, office, visitor
scribed as follows:                                      commercial and professional offices. Commercial
                                                         areas are also a primary resource for new housing
                                                         in mixed use or apartment developments.
Very Low Density Residential – Single-family resi-

dences may be developed at an average density of
fewer than two dwelling units per acre. This type
                                                         Long-term development is greatly influenced by the

of development is solely residential and focuses on
                                                         City’s planning documents, which include the Gen-

highlighting and preserving natural resources. The
                                                         eral Plan, Area Plans, Specific Plans and Master Plans.

topography of the area under this designation as
                                                         These plans each contain a transportation component

well as the desire to maintain privacy has resulted
                                                         that determines how land uses within each planning

in narrow winding roads with little connectivity.
                                                         area will be served. Monterey on the Move was devel-
                                                         oped to be consistent with each of the City’s land use

Low Density Residential – Single-family residences
                                                         documents and is an implementation tool for the City’s

may be developed at an average density of two to
                                                         overall transportation goals, policies, and objectives.

eight dwellings per acre.                                The General Plan goals set the overall tone for land use

Medium Density Residential – Single-family resi-
                                                         and transportation in the City. All other implementa-

dences, duplexes, condominiums and apartments
                                                         tion tools must serve to further the General Plan goals.

may be developed at an average density of eight to
                                                         The purpose of Monterey on the Move is to implement

thirty dwelling units per acre.
                                                         the General Plan Circulation Element.
                                                         The primary role of the Circulation Element is to pro-
                                                         vide policy guidance for planning and implementing

Public/Semi-Public – This category applies to all
                                                         the transportation system needed to serve proposed

publicly owned facilities and those private facili-
                                                         development as defined in the land-use element of the

ties operated to serve the general public except for
                                                         General Plan. The transportation system affects the

parks and recreation facilities, which are a separate
                                                         growth patterns, environment, and quality of life of

category. Included in this category are: public and
                                                         Monterey’s residents and workers. Much of Monterey’s

private schools, military facilities, airports, cem-
                                                         charm for both residents and visitors springs from its

eteries, large public parking facilities hospitals,
                                                         historic buildings, irregular street pattern, old plazas,

museums, conference centers and publicly-owned
                                                         and waterfront views. Through the General Plan, Mon-

historic buildings.
                                                         terey citizens have recognized that trying to solve traf-
                                                         fic problems by simply widening roads will negatively

Parks, Recreation and Open Space - This catego-
                                                         impact the quality of life that residents enjoy. Building

ry applies to all parks and recreation facilities such
                                                         expensive parking improvements to serve peak sea-

as neighborhood, community and county parks,
                                                         sonal demand will lead to facilities being underutilized

community centers, greenbelts and other open
                                                         most of the year when demand is not at peak. The Cir-

space areas.
                                                         culation Element’s policies and programs are intended
                                                         to reduce the overall duration and frequency of traffic
                                                         congestion and parking shortages without relying on

8 | Draft Monterey on the Move
                                                         expansive infrastructure projects. Instead, the focus is

Industrial – This category applies to existing and
future industrial areas in the city. There are four
                                                            o      Parks & Community Centers

areas in this category in the Land Use Plan. In most
                                                            o      Trails – Recreation Trail

cases, industrial areas are taking the form of busi
                                                            o      Airport
                                                            o      Major employment centers – Garden Rd, Ryan
                                                            Ranch, Del Monte Shopping Center, City Hall
on developing alternative modes of transportation to        o      Other commercial areas – Lighthouse/Cannery
reduce auto use but also identifying long-term road-        Row, Del Monte Avenue, North Fremont Street
way solutions along the principal arterial streets. Spe-
cifically, Monterey on the Move strives to implement
the following Circulation Element Goals:

Goal a. Improve transportation and parking systems
by managing them more effectively before investing in
costly roadway and parking expansion projects.

Goal c. Provide a safe, efficient, well-maintained, and
environmentally sound roadway system that supports
the “complete streets” concept of equality of choice
among all modes of transportation.
Goal d. Promote a pedestrian/bicycle-friendly environ-
ment where public spaces, streets, and off-street paths
offer a level of convenience, safety, and attractive-
ness that encourage and reward the use of alternative
modes of transportation.

Goal f. Provide an attractive and convenient transit
service for Monterey citizens, especially those in the
community who cannot or choose not to own a private

Goal j. Measure the effectiveness of the transportation
system and its ability to safely and effectively move
people and goods, not simply vehicles.
In order to provide accessible, convenient, and efficient
transportation options throughout the City, popular
origins and destinations must be identified, and then
connections designed and implemented.
Major origins and destinations throughout the City
o       Residential neighborhoods
o       Monterey Bay Aquarium
o       Downtown – shops, restaurants, conference
center, farmers markets, events, walk of history
o       Schools
o       Universities – NPS, DLI, MPC, MIIS

                                                                               Draft Monterey on the Move | 9

Figure 2: General Plan Land Use Map

10 | Draft Monterey on the Move
Objectives & Programs
                                                         organizations to establish a volunteer net-
                                                         work of walk/bike to school chaperones
To best implement the General Plan goals, policies,
and programs, objectives were developed for Mon-         Program 2.3– Establish permanent drop-off
terey on the Move. Programs specifically designed        and walk locations ½ to 1 mile away from
to meet these objectives are listed below. The           schools and inform parents and guardians
objectives are also used to prioritize projects for
funding. A matrix showing the method for measur-         Program 2.4– Coordinate with Monterey
ing the effectiveness of each project can be found in    High School to establish a buddy program
the Multimodal Level of Service chapter.
                                                         Program 2.5- Develop Safe Routes To
                                                         School walking maps that identify preferred
                                                         walking and bicycling routes for all public
                                                         schools within the city; update maps as pe-

                                                         destrian and bicycle infrastructure is con-

                                                         structed and safer routes become available

                                                         Program 2.6– Apply for Safe Routes To
Objective	1:		Reduce	the	number	of	collisions	

                                                         School grants annually
involving	pedestrians	and	bicyclists	each	year

       Program 1.1 - Analyze collision data biannu-
       ally and prioritize projects that will increase
       the safety of pedestrians and bicyclists at
       top collision locations; follow-up with site
       visits if patterns emerge

       Program 1.2 – Conduct a study of all marked
       uncontrolled crosswalks and develop war-
       rants to install new crosswalks or remove
       unnecessary ones; the public notification
       procedure for removing crosswalks shall be
       consistent with the California Vehicle Code

Objective	2:		Create	safe	environments	for	youth	
walking	and	bicycling	to	school

       Program 2.1 – Support a volunteer crossing
       guard program to assist students walking to

       Program 2.2– Work with Parent Teacher As-
       sociations, school administrations and local

                                                                    Draft Monterey on the Move | 11
                                                                       Objectives & Programs

Objective	3:		Ensure	that	all	pedestrian	and	bi-         alternative to a monetary fine

                                                         Program 5.5 - Increase enforcement of code
cycle	infrastructure	and	crossings	are	well	lit

       Program 3.1– Inventory the condition of ex-       violations that have to do with blocking
       isting lighting; identify and prioritize neces-   pedestrian and bicycle right-of-way (ex//
       sary upgrades                                     vehicles parked in/on sidewalk or bicycle

                                                         Program 5.6 – Instruct waste management
                                                         not to block sidewalks or bicycle lanes with
Objective	4:		Reduce	obesity	rates	in	the	City	of	

                                                         garbage and recycling bins

       Program 4.1 – Partner with health providers
       and advocates to lead the effort on a public
       awareness campaign about obesity and the
       benefits to walking and bicycling in combat-
       ing excessive weight gain

       Program 4.2- Challenge the community
       to meet or exceed the U.S. Department of
       Health and Human Services minimum re-
       quirement for physical activity (60 minutes/
       day for youth, 20 minutes/day for adults)
       by walking to school, work or lunch during
       Walk to School/Work Events

Objective	5:		Educate	the	community	how	to	
safely	and	legally	operate	a	bicycle	and	practice	
safe	pedestrian	behavior

       Program 5.1 – Develop and execute a multi-
       media education and safety campaign

       Program 5.2 –Continue to provide school
       resources officers who teach laws and safety
       to youth

       Program 5.3 – Conduct bicycle “rodeos” at
       schools to teach bicycle operation skills

       Program 5.4 – Increase enforcement of
       pedestrian and bicyclist violations such as
       jaywalking or walking or bicycling during
       the red phase at a signalized intersection;
       offer bicycle/pedestrian traffic school as an

12 | Draft Monterey on the Move
                                                                    Objectives & Programs

                                                      Program 6.8 – Provide ample bicycle park-
                                                      ing at building entrances
                                                                 §	Survey bicyclists annually to
                                                                     determine a need and loca-
Objective	6:		Enhance	connections	between	

                                                                     tions for additional bicycle
modes	of	transportation	to	reduce	congestion	

and	provide	flexibility	within	the	transportation	

                                                                 §	Work with business owners

      Program 6.1 - Install bicycle racks on City                    to install bicycle racks and
      Carpool/Vanpool vehicles                                       bicycle lockers in the public
      Program 6.2 – Install secure/weatherproof                      right-of-way near businesses
      bicycle parking at or near transit stations                    and inform them of other
      and stops                                                      resources such as the TAMC
                                                                     Bicycle Protection Program to
      Program 6.3 – Work with MST to add larger                      purchase and install racks on
      bicycle racks to buses that do not travel on                   private property
      the freeway or an additional rack to the back
      of the busses; also encourage the installa-     Program 6.9 – Encourage the development
      tion of bicycle racks on trolleys when the      of bicycle corrals in the downtown area at
      demand exists                                   the discretion of the City Traffic Engineer;
                                                      develop a process for converting an on-
      Program 6.4 – Design and install pedestrian     street parking space to a bicycle corral
      and bicycle way-finding signage to and from

      Program 6.5 – Provide on-demand access to
                 §	Research the feasibility of a
                    bicycle share program focused
                    on connections to transit and
                    academic institutions
                 §	Purchase bicycles and electric
                    bicycles for the City vehicle
                    pool. Encourage employees to
                    use pool bicycles for trips of
                    2 miles or less for field work
                    and inspections
      Program 6.6 – Create a continuous system of
      bicycle and pedestrian routes that connect
      major activity centers, employment centers,
      parks and open space and residential areas

      Program 6.7 – Prioritize projects that will
      improve bicycle and pedestrian access and
      network connectivity

                                                                 Draft Monterey on the Move | 13
                                                                    Objectives & Programs

                                                                     that data may be collected
Objective	7:	Improve	ADA	access	and	accommo-

                                                       Program 8.2 – Encourage City employees to
dations	throughout	the	city

      Program 7.1 – Update the City of Monterey        lead by example and commute by alternative
      ADA transition plan to include sidewalks         transportation
      near transit, senior housing, schools and                   §	Develop an incentive-based
      major trip generators                                          alternative commute program
                                                                     that encourages City employ-
      Program 7.2 - Accommodate disabled access                      ees to commute to work by
      in all new construction or major rehabilita-                   walking, bicycling, transit,
      tion projects                                                  carpool or hybrid vehicle
                                                                  §	Provide discounted transit
      Program 7.3 – Update all signalized intersec-                  passes to employees
      tions with audible countdown pedestrian                     §	Provide priority carpool/van-
      phases                                                         pool parking at City Hall
                                                                  §	Develop a bicycle commute fa-
      Program 7.4 – Work with PG&E to modify                         cility with shower at City Hall
      utility pole wires so they are out of the path
      of blind and visually impaired pedestrians


Objective	8:		Promote	active	transportation	and	
increase	mode	share	by	improving	user	conve-
nience	and	through	encouragement	activities	
and	programs

      Program 8.1 – Provide bicycle detection at
      signalized intersections along bicycle routes
                 §	Test existing bicycle detection
                 §	Update wide intersections
                     with video detection or de-
                     tection technology that can
                     distinguish between bicyclists
                     and other vehicles to allow for
                     an extended green cycle
                 §	Install bicycle detection
                     equipment that will detect
                     bicycles in the left-turn lane
                 §	When feasible install detec-
                     tion that additionally counts
                     pedestrians and bicyclists so

14 | Draft Monterey on the Move
                                                                      Objectives & Programs

Program 8.3 - Organize/Support Bicycle
                                                  WAYFINDING,	VISITOR	SERVING	&	SUPPORT-
Commute Groups
                                                  IVE	AMENITIES
         §	Partner with local organiza-
              tions, schools and businesses
              to organize bicycle commute
                                                  Objective	9	–	Encourage	tourists	to	walk,	bicycle	

              groups. Potential organizers/
                                                  and	ride	transit	to	explore	Monterey

              facilitators of these groups are          Program 9.1 - Work with TAMC to update the
              City staff, PTA members, Mon-             Monterey portion of the Monterey County
              terey Bay Bicycle Coalition,              Bike Map
              Monterey Bay Aquarium, Velo
              Club of Monterey, NPS, POM,               Program 9.2 – Develop a user-friendly bicycle
              MIIS and MPC                              and pedestrian guide map that highlights
                                                        visitor destinations, bicycle parking and con-
Program 8.4 – Organize/Support Citywide                 nections to transit Distribute guide to local
Active Lifestyle Encouragement Events                   hotels and bicycle rental shops.
           §	Temporarily close down cer-
               tain streets to automobile traf-         Program 9.3 – Research and develop policy
               fic to celebrate active trans-           allowing and regulating pedicab businesses
               portation and fitness activities         in Monterey
               examples from other cities are
               CycLAvia in Los Angeles, CA              Program 9.4 – Develop way-finding signage
               and Summer Streets in New                along the Recreation Trail, popular pedes-
               York City, NY                            trian routes and bicycle routes that have
           §	Distribute health and safety               distance and travel time information
               equipment (water bottles,
               reflective pant straps, bicycle          Program 9.5 – Install interactive kiosks with
               lights, wheel lights, etc…)              isochrone maps that show distances and
           §	City of Monterey Bike/Walk to              travel times in locations downtown, Cannery
               Work & School Week (April/               Row and the Del Monte Shopping Center
           §	Walk of History scavenger                  Program 9.6 – Form an Advisory Commit-
               hunt                                     tee to assist staff in developing way-finding
Program 8.5 - Hire or work with a Safe
Routes to School Coordinator to plan, seek              Program 9.7 - Provide pedestrian infrastruc-
funding for and execute programs and                    ture near visitor-serving land uses to encour-
events for all Monterey schools                         age visitors to walk to their destinations
                                                        instead of driving

                                                                   Draft Monterey on the Move | 15
                                                                           Objectives & Programs

Objective	10	-	Create	engaging	and	pleasurable	        Objective	12	–	Provide	advanced	warning	of	bi-
pedestrian	environments	that	enhance	the	visi-         cycle	lane	closure	and	provide	alternative	routes	
tor	experience                                         or	accommodation	for	bicycles	during	road	

      Program 10.1– Establish a public art compe-
      tition to enhance pedestrian facilities near           Program 12.1 – Apply standards from the
      activity centers and along the Recreation              Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices
      Trail. Focus on “playable” public art that is          (MUTCD)
      accessible, interactive and iconic.

      Program 10.2 – Provide support to business-
      es along Alvarado that would like to provide
                                                       FUNDING	&	IMPLEMENTATION

      pedestrian infrastructure such as outdoor
                                                       Objective	13	–	Secure	funding	to	implement	
                                                       bicycle,	pedestrian	and	safe	routes	to	school	

                                                             Program 13.1– Apply for grants annually to
                                                             fund bicycle projects identified in the Mon-

Objective	11:		Provide	design	standards,	and	                terey on the Move Plan

                                                             Program 13.2 – Establish a funding mecha-
maintenance	programs	to	ensure	safety	and	lon-

                                                             nism to pay for alternative transportation
gevity	of	facilities

      Program 11.1 - Add or improve on-street                projects including bicycle projects
      bicycle facilities when repaving/restriping.
      Grind down seam between pavement and                   Program 13.3 – Work with neighborhood
      concrete gutters.                                      representatives to fund pedestrian and
                                                             bicycle projects or provide grant matches
      Program 11.2 – Merge bicycle striping proj-            through the Neighborhood Improvement
      ect list with street resurfacing schedule              Program

      Program 11.3 –Survey all sidewalks in the              Program 13.4 – Update the citywide multi-
      city to identify facilities in need of mainte-         modal mobility plan every five years
      nance. Prioritize sidewalk replacement/
      maintenance for areas with potential trip-             Program 13.5 – Develop a comprehensive
      ping hazards.                                          list of acceptable bicycle rack designs

   ·	 Design Standard – Bicycle lanes shall be a
      preferred width of 6 feet and a minimum of
      5 feet
   ·	 Design Standard – Bicycle racks shall offer at
      least two points at which the bicycle can be
      secured and preferably support at least one

16 | Draft Monterey on the Move
This chapter embodies and expands upon the 2009
City of Monterey Bicycle Transportation Plan. It
contains the required elements of a bicycle trans-
portation plan as set forth in the California Street
and Highway Code Section 891.2 and is consistent
with local, regional and state law and planning
documents. Additionally, the policies and programs
herein seek to achieve the 5 E’s as recognized by
the Safe Routes to School National Partnership and
League of American Bicyclists: Evaluation, Engi-
neering, Education, Encouragement and Enforce-                Post World War II the automobile succeeded the bi-
ment.                                                         cycle as the dominant private mode of transporta-
                                                              tion in the United States, and planning for bicycling
Since their invention in the early 1800s bicycles             did not significantly reemerge until the late 1970s
have made a lasting impact on human mobility, cul-            during the U.S. energy crisis. Nationally the bicycle
ture and experience. Before automobiles became                has seen resurgence in popularity over the past
affordable and widely used, bicycles were one of              decade, especially in major metropolitan areas such
the most popular modes of private transportation.             as Portland Oregon, Minneapolis Minnesota, New
Testament to this fact the initial paving of roads in         York New York, and San Francisco California.
many cities was done not to benefit motorists, but            Today bicycles remain affordable, efficient, emis-
instead to provide bicyclists a smooth surface to             sion-free and uniquely fun.
                                                              President John F. Kennedy once famously said
The history of bicycling in America and across the            “nothing compares to the simple pleasure of rid-
globe demonstrates the direct relationship between            ing a bike”. A sort of hybrid between walking and
increased mobility and economic growth, social                driving bicycling is one of the safest, healthiest and
equity and individual freedom. Bicycles specifi-              most accessible modes of transportation. Equally
cally have contributed to the enhanced mobility of            suited for recreational, shopping and commute
traditionally disenfranchised groups such as wom-             trips, not only can bicycling replace driving as a pri-
en, children and low-income households because                mary mode of transportation for many local trips,
they are affordable, accessible and safe. In the late         it can enhance multi-modal trips as well. As an al-
1800s, women suffragists in the U.S. encouraged               ternative to walking, bicycling can reduce the time
bicycling as means to empowerment.                            it takes to access transit. When bicycles are carried
                                                              aboard transit it is also possible to reduce the travel
“Let me tell you what I think of bicycling. I think it has    time from transit to a final destination.

                                                              A bicyclist is both a driver of a vehicle and a pe-
done more to emancipate women than anything else in

                                                              destrian and must know where and when to act
the world. It gives women a feeling of freedom and self-

                                                              like one or the other. When riding on the street
reliance. I stand and rejoice every time I see a woman ride
by on a wheel... the picture of free, untrammeled woman-
hood” - Susan B. Anthony, 1896

                                                                                 Draft Monterey on the Move | 17

the California Vehicle Code requires that bicyclists
must act and be treated as a vehicle. However,         Traffic - A bicycle is a much smaller vehicle than a
when a bicyclist dismounts they instantly become a     car or truck and takes up less space on the roadway.
pedestrian and are protected as one under the law.     Replacing commute trips taken by car or truck with
This adaptability can be both a blessing and a         trips taken by bicycle would significantly increase
curse. As a driver, a bicyclist can take advantage     roadway capacity and reduce traffic congestion on
of the fastest path of travel and can then access      local streets.
their destination more directly as a pedestrian than
someone driving a car who must first locate park-      Social Equity - Most low-income persons who can-
ing before walking to their destination. However,      not afford a car for personal transportation can
when bicyclists do not behave like either a vehicle    afford a bicycle. Bicycles enable disadvantaged
or a pedestrian they put their safety and the safety   groups enhanced mobility. Bicycles are accessible
of others at risk.                                     to many non-drivers and can significantly enhance
                                                       mobility and provide freedom and opportunity
In summary, for all of the potential economic,         especially in the case of youth
health, and environmental benefits, bicycling
remains a highly valued mode of transportation.        Transportation Synergy - Bicycling can be a stand-
The City of Monterey has a history of supporting       alone mode of transportation or be used to enhance
and encouraging bicycling through policies and         another mode such as transit.
programs such as the City General Plan, Climate
Action Plan, Area Plans, Specific Plans and the 2009
Bicycle Transportation Plan. Increasing the num-
ber of trips taken by bicycle would help the City
reach important goals ranging from transportation
demand management to greenhouse gas emissions

Health - bicycling is a low-impact form of aerobic
exercise that can help reduce obesity rates.

Environmental - bicycles do not produce any green-
house gas emissions when operated, and therefore
do not contribute to air pollution, water pollution
or climate change. Bicycles also do not produce
noise pollution as motorized transportation does.

Economy - bicyclists spend less money per trip
than motorists, but make more frequent trips.
Properties near bicycle facility projects see an in-
crease in value after completion. Reduced demand
for automobile parking frees up valuable land for
more profitable endeavors than parking

18 | Draft Monterey on the Move

EXISTING	CONDITIONS                                   EXISTING	BIKEWAYS
Since the adoption of the 2009 Bicycle Transporta-    Bikeways are on-street or off-street rights-of-way
tion Plan the following projects have been com-       designated for bicycle transportation and designed
pleted:                                               to meet the needs of bicyclists. According to the
        Class II Bicycle lanes on Camino Aguajito     California Highway Design Manual, the role of a
        from Mark Thomas to Del Monte Ave             bikeway is to “improve bicycling safety and conve-
                                                      nience”. There are three types of bikeways, Class
      Class II Bicycle lanes on the south side of     I bicycle paths, Class II bicycle lanes and Class III
      Fremont Street from Mesa Rd to Aguajito Rd      shared roadways (sharrows). Each type of bikeway
                                                      has a place and purpose, and all types are neces-
      Class II Bicycle lanes on Figueroa St from E.   sary to a comprehensive bicycle network.
      Franklin St to Wharf I

      Class II Bicycle lanes on Mark Thomas from
      Sloat Ave to Aguajito Rd
                                                      Class	I	Bicycle	Path

                                                      A Class I Bicycle Path is physically separated from
      Class II Bicycle lanes on English Ave from      motorized traffic either vertically, by barrier or
      Encina Ave to Del Monte Ave                     both. Bicycle paths are best suited along corridors
                                                      with few interruptions from cross-traffic. They are
      Design of Bicycle Ramp at Hawthorne St/         primarily designed to improve mobility and offer
      Private Bolio Rd                                recreational opportunities, but provide limited
                                                      access to on-street facilities, businesses and resi-
      Installation of bicycle racks in the down-      dences. Class I bicycle paths can greatly enhance a
      town area                                       bicycle network, however, they should be used in
                                                      addition to and not in place of on-street bicycle fa-
                                                      cilities. A functional bicycle network requires both
                                                      on-street and off-street facilities to accommodate
                                                      users of all experience levels.

                                                      There are several existing Class I bicycle paths in
                                                      Monterey. The best-known and most used path is
                                                      the Recreation Trail which hugs the Monterey Bay
                                                      coastline for 18 miles from Pacific Grove to Castro-
                                                      ville. The Recreation Trail meets the State desig-
                                                      nated design standards of a Class I bicycle path but
                                                      operates as a multi-use trail and is shared between
                                                      bicyclists, pedestrians and skaters.

                                                      Other Class I paths in the city are much smaller
                                                      than the Recreation Trail, but still provide impor-
                                                      tant connections within the bicycle network. The
                                                      path that runs adjacent to Munras Avenue from El
                                                      Dorado to Soledad Dr provides a direct connection
                                                      between two major activity centers (downtown
                                                                         Draft Monterey on the Move | 19

and the Del Monte Shopping Center). The short            should travel on the road and reminds motorists to
Class I path along Mark Thomas from Santa Cata-          watch for bicyclists.
lina School to the Old Salinas Highway offers a cor-
ridor that may feel safer and more comfortable for       There are approximately 20 miles of existing bi-
inexperienced bicyclists due to the physical separa-     cycle lanes in the city.
tion from motorized traffic.

Some Class I paths exist to offer scenic detours
away from the street. The path along Aguajito Rd
from Allen Dr to Farragut Rd is an example of this,
as well as the Recreation Trail.

                                                         Class	III	Bicycle	Boulevard	&	Shared	Roadway/

                                                         Shared roadways or “sharrows” are on-street bi-

                                                         cycle facilities marked by a stencil of a bicycle/bicy-
                                                         clist with a chevron sign. The purpose of the shar-
                                                         row is to show bicyclists their proper placement on
                                                         the street (outside of the “door-zone” where there
Class	II	Bicycle	Lane

A Class II bicycle lane is an on-street facility         is on-street parking), and remind drivers to watch
marked by striped line on the pavement, symbols          for and share the road with bicyclists.
and lettering. The preferred width of bicycle lanes
along collector and arterial streets is 6 feet, howev-   Bicycle boulevards are streets or a series of con-
er a minimum width of 5 feet is acceptable. Bicycle      nected streets that prioritize bicycle transportation
lanes are desirable on streets with high volumes of      and provide alternative routes for bicyclists away
fast-moving traffic as separation between slower         from high speeds and traffic. Bicycle boulevards
moving vehicles (bicycles) and motorists is critical     are marked by sharrows and special signage.
to preserving speedy travel for both modes. Bicy-        When possible, bicyclists are given right-of way at
clists particularly benefit from bicycle lanes dur-      most intersections along the route to increase con-
ing peak travel times when collector and arterial        venience and ease of travel.
streets are congested. While travel lanes for mo-
torists are stopped, bicycle lanes remain unaffected
by the congestion and often enable bicyclists to
travel faster than motorists. Without bicycle lanes,
bicyclists would be forced to travel in congested
travel lanes along with motorists. The presence of
bicycle lanes reassures bicyclists as to where they

20 | Draft Monterey on the Move

Bicycle boulevards and sharrows are particularly
                                                                       EXISTING	BIKEWAYS

useful on narrow streets where there may not be
                                                        Street          Limits                        Class

room for a Class II bicycle lane. Many streets in the
                                                        Aguajito Rd     Allan Dr to Farragut Rd       I & II

older parts of Monterey such as Downtown and
Old Town are narrow and will benefit from Class III
                                                        Aguajito Rd     Farragut to Castro Rd         II

bicycle facilities. The 2009 Bicycle Transportation
                                                        Aguajito Rd     Mark Thomas Dr to Allen Dr    II

Plan proposed bicycle boulevards and sharrows
                                                                        Mark Thomas Dr to Fre-

in neighborhoods across the city however, to date
                                                        Aguajito Rd     mont Ave                      II

none have been installed. Traffic calming features
                                                                        Fremont St to Del Monte

such as curb extensions and medians compliment
                                                        Camino Aguajito Ave                           II

bicycle boulevards as they reduce vehicle speeds so
                                                                        Encina Ave to Del Monte

they more closely match the speed of bicyclists.
                                                        English Ave     Ave                           II
                                                        Figueroa St     E. Franklin to Wharf I        II
                                                        Fremont St      Mesa Rd to Aguajito Rd        II
         Existing	Bikeway	Miles	2012                                    Fairgrounds Rd to Olmstead
                                            Distance	   Garden Rd       Rd                            II
       Location          Facility	Type                  Harris Ct       Ragsdale Dr to end            II
Aguajito Rd                  Class II           3       Justin Ct       Ragsdale Dr to end            II
Camino Aguajito              Class II          0.8      Lower Ragsdale
Canyon Del Rey Blvd          Class II          3.8      Dr              Ragsdale Dr to Wilson Rd      II
Casa Verde Way               Class II         0.08      Mark Thomas Dr Aguajito Rd to Sloat Ave       II
Garden Rd                    Class II          2.6      Mark Thomas Dr Sloat Ave to School Rd         II
Mark Thomas Dr               Class II         1.33                      School Rd to Old Monterey
                                                        Mark Thomas Dr Salinas Highway                I/II
Monholland Rd                Class II          3.9
                                                        Monterey Recre- Pacific Grove City Limit to
Ragsdale Dr                  Class II         3.56
                                                        ation Trail     Seaside City Limit            I
Sloat Ave                    Class II           1
                                                        Munras Ave      El Dorado to Soledad          I
          Total	Class	II	Lanes	=	20.07	miles
                                                        Pearl St        Bridges                       II
Aguajito Rd                  Class I          0.25
                                                        Ragsdale Dr     Hwy 69 to Wilson Rd           II
Munras Ave                   Class I           0.8
                                                                        Del Monte Ave to Mark
Recreation Trail             Class I          4.75      Sloat Ave       Thomas Dr                     II
            Total	Class	I	Paths	=	5.8	miles             Owens Way       Harris Ct to end              II
                                                        Viejo Rd        Caltrans Right of Way         I
                                                        Wilson Rd       Ragsdale Dr to York Rd        II
                                                        Monhollan Dr    Aguajito Rd to Hwy 68         II

                                                                        Draft Monterey on the Move | 21

                                                             TABLE X: EXISTING BICYCLE RACKS

Automobile parking consumes an enormous

amount of land and is typically the limiting fac-       Cannery Row                              2
                                                                   Location                   Racks

tor in modern urban development. In downtown
Monterey alone, roughly 1.7 million square feet of      Aquarium                                 1
developed area is devoted to on-street and off-         Coast Guard Lot and Navy Pier            2
street parking.                                         Wave Street                              2
                                                        Foam Street and Drake Avenue             1
   ·	 320 sqft/parking space in surface lot
                                                        Hilltop Park                             1
   ·	 500 sqft/single-family home (off-street
      parking)                                          Monterey Hostel (778 Hawthorne)          3
   ·	 160 sqft/on-street parking space                  Monterey Bay Coastal Trail              20+
                                                        Harbormaster’s Office                    1
Bicycles are much smaller than cars, but similarly
require secure storage space at the end of a trip or    Monterey Sports Center                   3
destination. For reference, an average sized on-
street parking space can accommodate eight (8)          Franklin Street and Figueroa Street      1
bicycles. Despite the small size and low-cost of        Dennis the Menace Park                   3
bicycle parking, the availability of automobile park-
ing far outweighs that of available bicycle parking     Alvarado Street                          7
in the city.                                            Pacific Avenue                           4
                                                        Custom House/Portola Plaza               3
Throughout the community there are over 100
designated bicycle parking racks and lockers. Each      Calle Principal Garage                   3
rack or locker is suited to fit between 1 and 10+ bi-   Monterey Transit Plaza                   1
cycles depending on the type of rack used. Bicycle
rack locations are shown on Figures X and Table X       East Village Coffee House and Plaza      3
in the Appendix.
                                                        Peet’s Coffee/Trader Joe’s               5
                                                        Peter B’s                                1
                                                        Constuction Management Office            1
                                                        Colton Hall (580 Pacific Street)          2
                                                        Library (625 Pacific Street)              2
                                                        Human Resources (735 Pacific          2 (3 wall
                                                        Street)                               mount)
                                                        Post Office                               1
                                                        Macy’s                                    2
                                                        Whole Foods                               3
                                                        Monterey Peninsula College (MPC)          5

22 | Draft Monterey on the Move

The majority of bicycle racks are concentrated in
the downtown and Cannery Row areas (See Figure
X: Bicycle Facilities Map). Currently, there is one
existing changing location for bicyclists that is open
to the public; it is located at the Coast Guard Lot/
Navy Pier. There are additional changing locations
at private companies and institutions (Naval Post-
graduate School, Monterey Institute of Internation-
al Studies, Monterey Peninsula College, etc…), and
                                                          Inverted-U Rack

at public locations that can be accessed through
membership (such as the Sports Center) through-
out the city. Public restrooms are also sometimes
used for changing, however they lack showers.

The location of bicycle racks largely determines
how much they are used. Bicyclists prefer to park
as close to their destination as possible and in
                                                          Peak Rack

a highly visible location to reduce the chance of
theft. Observation of bicycle rack use in the down-
town area has revealed that bicycle racks that are
far away from the entrance to businesses and are
partially hidden by foliage or structures are used
infrequently if at all. Instead of using these existing
racks, bicyclists lock their bicycles to lampposts,
telephone poles, benches and railings sometimes
blocking or inhibiting pedestrian access.
                                                          Hitching Post Rack

Bicycle rack design also affects use. Some bicycle
racks, such as the wheel rack design provide in-
sufficient support and can damage wheels. Other
racks such as the serpentine style racks are difficult
to secure a bicycle to with certain types of locks
and do not use space efficiently. There are several
different types of existing bicycle racks in Mon-
terey, some are more desirable than others due to
superior support and security features.
                                                          Serpentine Rack

In 2012 the City installed two Peak Rack bicycle
racks in the Trader Joe’s shopping center. The Peak
Rack design is simple, but uses space efficiently,
offers good wheel support and a security bar that
accommodates most if not all types of locks. Sev-
eral other potential peak rack locations have been
identified in the downtown area (See Appendix).           Wheel Rack

                                                                               Draft Monterey on the Move | 23

                                                         niques. Ecology Action, a local non-profit organiza-
                                                         tion continued this effort in Spring of 2012 during
                                                         Bike to School Week.
Health,	Safety,	Education	&	Enforcement

The safest place for a bicyclist to ride is on the
street where they are more visible to motorists,
                                                         NEEDS	ANALYSIS
have further separation from driveway entry and          Bicyclists have varying levels of experience and
exit points and do not conflict with pedestrian          abilities, different socio-economic backgrounds,
activity. Of course, not everyone feels comfortable      and assorted destinations. All of these factors
riding with motorized traffic, which is why Class I      contribute to travel behavior and may also present
facilities such as the Recreation Trail, are so popu-    barriers to bicycling. A community survey con-
lar. Unfortunately when used improperly, even the        ducted in 2012 identifies many of the needs of this
Recreation Trail can feel unsafe, especially when        diverse group.
crowded with a mix of user types and speeds.

Because multi-use trails such as the Recreation

Trail are shared by several different modes, the City    Most people in Monterey bicycle for recreation,
adopted rules of conduct to mitigate user conflict.      however a growing number of residents are bicy-
When the rules are followed, the facility operates       cling to work or school (See Table X). Commuter
smoothly. The Monterey Police Department (MPD)           trips are the biggest contributor to regular traffic
currently has two full time officers assigned to the     congestion in Monterey. If more people commuted
Community Action Team (CAT) who conduct patrol           by bicycle two or more days per week, it would
by bicycle. These officers patrol the Recreation         equate to real health and environmental benefits
Trail and the Old Monterey Business District day         and reduce traffic congestion. Despite the known
and night. These officers have the same responsi-        benefits, most people do not commute by bicycle
bilities as officers inside a patrol car. In addition,   (less than 5% in 2010). Some of the common per-
the CAT officers educate the public on proper bi-        ceived issues with commuting by bicycle:
cycle safety laws. These safety laws include rid-            ·	 Don’t have time, takes too long
ing with a helmet for youth under 18 years of age            ·	 Don’t want to get sweaty before work
and proper equipment function (such as breaks or             ·	 Don’t own a bicycle
lights). They also educate motorists on sharing the          ·	 Not comfortable riding in traffic
road with bicyclists and the rules of the road.              ·	 Not comfortable riding at night after work
CAT’s goal is to provide the community and its               ·	 Poor weather – too hot or cold, humid, or
visitors with a police presence in areas that are not            raining
easily accessible by patrol car.
                                                             ·	 Carrying too much stuff
CAT works closely with the MPD School Resource               ·	 Have to drop off/pick up children
Officer to educate students on bicycle safety and
laws. In the Spring of 2008, MPD and the Traffic
Engineering Department held a Bicycle rodeo for
elementary school students. The MPD also partici-
pated in a BMX bicycle show at Bay View Elementa-
ry School, introducing students to the CAT officers
and the MPD, while reviewing safe bicycling tech-

24 | Draft Monterey on the Move

                                         TABLE X: MONTEREY COMMUTING TO WORK
                                                           2000                       2010               Percent
                                                    Estimate        Percent    Estimate      Percent     Change

        Workers 16 years and over                       16,699         100%       15,479
                        MODE                                                                               %

       Car, truck, or van -- drove alone                10,854          65%        8,566         55%
                                                                                                100%        -7%

       Car, truck, or van -- carpooled                   1,524            9%       1,257          8%

                                                          523             3%        675           4%

                                                         2,691          16%        2,876         19%
       Public transportation (excluding taxis)                                                              29%

                                                          464             3%                      5%
       Walked                                                                                                7%

                                                          643             4%       1,270          8%
       Other means (bicycle, motorcycle, taxi)                                      835                     80%

                                                          15.7 (X)                  15.1
       Worked at home                                                                                       98%
       Mean travel time to work (minutes)                                                          (X)
      U.S. Census Table DP03. Selected Economic: 2010; U.S. Census Table DP-3. Profile of Selected Eco-
      nomic Characteristics: 2000

Many of the aforementioned barriers to commut-
ing by bicycle can be remedied through incentive
programs, organized commute group rides and ac-
cess to public shower/changing facilities. However,
the underlying issue may be that travel behavior
is simply difficult to change. It is a slow process,
but communities that have methodically incorpo-
rated bicycling into local culture through improved
infrastructure, outreach and supportive programs
and events have seen an increase in overall trips by

For those who bicycle already, it is important to
continue to improve and maintain facilities and
grow the existing network so that popular destina-
tions become more accessible and convenient to
get to. The majority of survey respondents stated
that they rode a bicycle for recreation to access
parks and open space as well as restaurants and
retail stores (Figure X). Therefore it is important to
have adequate bicycle access and parking at these

                                                                 When asked “where don’t you enjoy bicycling”,
types of destinations.
                                                                 the most commonly named locations were streets
                                                                 with high volumes of fast-moving vehicular traffic
                                                                 where riders feel uncomfortable or unsafe. Many

                                                                                  Draft Monterey on the Move | 25

survey respondents also reported that they do
not enjoy riding on the Recreation Trail when it is
crowded. They listed the following streets as the
least bicycle-friendly in Monterey:
    ·	 Del Monte Avenue
    ·	 Lighthouse Avenue
    ·	 Pacific Street
    ·	 Fremont St
    ·	 N. Fremont St

Police records confirm that these streets have the
highest rate of collisions involving a bicyclists or
pedestrian, although most incidents occurred at or
near an intersection. Additionally there were a few
reported collisions at Recreation Trail crossings
(Casa Verde and Cannery Row) but none actually
along the length of the facility.

Although it is usually the bicyclist who is injured in
                                                         CONNECTIVITY	&	ACCESS

a collision with a motorized vehicle, the driver of      The major barriers to bicycle access and connectiv-
the motorized vehicle is not always at fault. Pe-        ity in Monterey are one-way streets, jurisdictional
destrians have right of way at marked crosswalks         boundaries, inadequate on-street and end of use
such as the Recreation Trail Crossings provided          facilities and lack of bicycle detection at signalized
they practice due care when crossing. Bicyclists         intersections. One-way streets force travelers (es-
who dismount and walk in the crosswalk are also          pecially those unfamiliar with the street network),
considered pedestrians under the law. However,           to take longer indirect routes to reach their desired
if bicyclists ride through the intersection they are     destination.
considered vehicles under the law and must yield
to motorists (CA Vehicle Code Section 21950).            Long-range planning efforts have identified poten-
                                                         tial transportation issues and opportunities related
The majority of survey respondents wanted more           to existing and proposed land uses across the city.
Class II bicycle lanes and well-marked bicycle           Below is a summary of proposed development and
routes on streets with less vehicular traffic (Figure    recommendations from City of Monterey specific/
X). These types of bicycle projects should be given      master plans. All plans seek to improve mobility
high priority along with Recreation Trail crossing
improvements, intersection improvements and
traffic calming projects.
                                                         Downtown	and	Waterfront	Areas

                                                         One-way streets in the downtown area limit bi-
                                                         cycle access to and from the Recreation Trail and
                                                         other desired destinations. For a bicyclist to legally
                                                         access Alvarado Street from the Recreation Trail,
                                                         they must ride down Calle Principal or dismount
                                                         and walk down Alvarado Street. In practice, many

26 | Draft Monterey on the Move

bicyclists have been observed illegally riding down
the sidewalk on Alvarado Street as it is the most
                                                         Lighthouse/Cannery	Row	Area

direct and convenient route to Downtown and the          The Lighthouse Avenue corridor is an important
Waterfront area.                                         connection from the New Monterey neighborhood
Bicyclists are prohibited from riding on the side-       to Downtown and other areas of the city. Due to
walk along Alvarado Street for safety reasons.           restricted access through the Presidio of Monterey
Bicyclists travel at higher speeds than pedestrians      which lies between New Monterey and the rest of
and therefore have less time to react to obstacles as    the city, Lighthouse Ave is heavily impacted dur-
they appear. Additionally, pedestrians and drivers       ing peak hours. Given the high volumes of traffic,
do not expect bicyclists to be riding on the side-       bicycle lanes are the most appropriate facility,
walk and may not look for them when turning out          however, existing on-street parking does not allow
of shops or driveways. In short, when bicyclists         enough width to accommodate Class II bicycle
ride on sidewalks they increase their chances of         lanes. If City Council decides to eliminate on-
being involved in a collision with a pedestrian or       street parking along Lighthouse Avenue, bicycle
motor vehicle especially in areas with high volumes      lanes should be installed in both directions from
of pedestrian traffic such as Alvarado Street and        Private Bolio Road to David Avenue. If on-street
Downtown.                                                parking remains, bicycle traffic will be encouraged
                                                         on alternative routes.
A citywide Transportation Study conducted by Fehr
and Peers in 2011-2012 recommends that all major
one-way streets Downtown be converted to two-
way to improve circulation and access. If approved
                                                         North	Fremont	Area

                                                         North Fremont Street is an arterial street that con-
by the City Council, bicycle facilities should be
                                                         nects Monterey and the City of Seaside. Although
added in each direction to Alvarado Street and East
                                                         there are currently no bicycle facilities along this
Franklin Street.
                                                         corridor, bicyclists ride on the sidewalk or in the
Major opportunities for improved bicycle circula-
                                                         street as it is the most direct route for many bi-
tion have also been proposed in the Waterfront
                                                         cycle commuters.
Master Plan. One such improvement would be a
pedestrian and bicycle promenade along the har-
bor. Additional bicycle parking and bicycle sharing
are also recommended in the plan.

A downtown multimodal center will likely be devel-
oped on either Washington and Franklin or Taylor
and Franklin. This station will be a major transpor-
tation hub and transfer center. To encourage both
visitors and residents to use alternative modes of
transportation to travel in Monterey, it is important
that the station be easily accessible by walking and
bicycling. When the location of the multimodal
station has been finalized, this plan shall be revised
if necessary to ensure that the station will be ad-
equately served by bicycle and pedestrian facilities.

                                                                           Draft Monterey on the Move | 27

BICYCLE	TOOLBOX                                       Colored	Lane	Markings	

The following bikeway design treatments are           Colored pavement markings at selected bikeway
intended to enhance the safety and usability of       locations alert motorists and bicyclists of potential
bikeways. They will be used in accordance with        conflict areas and assign the right-of-way to bicy-
the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices         clists. Increasing the visibility of bikeways reduces
(MUTCD) guidelines, issued by the Federal Highway     the number and severity of incidents between
Administration, and other relevant existing laws      motor vehicles and bicycles. Examples of potential
and regulations. Treatments that are not currently    areas for this treatment in Monterey include Madi-
in the MUTCD (such as colored lane markings and       son Street and Pacific Street where motorists trav-
bicycle route wayfinding signs) are considered “ex-   elling north on Pacific Street have poor visibility
perimental” and will require FHWA Experimental        when turning right onto Madison Street; and Mark
Project Approval before implementing. A summary       Thomas Drive at Josselyn Canyon road and Old
of proposed locations for bikeway design treat-       Highway Road where cyclists re-enter the roadway
ments is provided in the table below.                 with motorists.

                                                      Wayfinding	Signs

Colored              Madison St and Pacific St        Bicycle mileage markers and wayfinding signs indi-
 Treatment                  Location

Lane Mark-           Mark Thomas Drive at Jos-        cate the distance and direction to popular destina-
ings                 selyn Canyon Road and Old        tions. These are similar to mileage markers used
                     Highway Road                     on roadways for cars. They provide a resource for
Sharrows             All Class III bikeways           cyclists to estimate travel time to destinations, they
                                                      also benefit athletic riders who use the markers for
Bicycle              Del Monte Avenue/Camino
                                                      Key destinations such as the Aquarium, Sports
Boxes                Aguajito
                                                      Center, Alvarado Street/Downtown, Cannery Row,
                     Fremont St/Aguajito Rd
                                                      Fisherman’s Wharf, Fairgrounds and all major edu-
                     Alvarado Street/Pearl Street
                                                      cational institutions should be included on way-
                     Munras/El Dorado
                                                      finding signs.
                     Along N. Fremont
                                                      Monterey has many narrow streets that do not
Mileage and          Recreation Trail                 allow for expansion, which creates challenges to
Destination          Aquarium/Cannery Row             developing new bicycle facilities. Where on-street
Signs                Sports Center                    parking is allowed, bicyclists are presented with
                     Alvarado Street/Downtown         the potential safety hazard of car doors opening
                     Fisherman’s Wharf                and obstructing the path of the bicyclist. By state
                     Fairgrounds                      law, bicyclists are permitted to ride with traffic
                     Academic Institutions            away from hazardous conditions. Signage can be
Bicycle De-          Signalized intersections         used to remind motorists that bicyclists have this
tection              along bicycle routes             right. Signs remind motorists to share the road are
                                                      proposed on the downward side of steep streets
Floating Bi-         Camino El Estero                 listed in the proposed routes.
cycle Lane

28 | Draft Monterey on the Move

                                                        particularly helpful for bicyclists trying to turn left
                                                        at a busy intersection. Proposed locations for this
                                                        treatment in Monterey include the intersections of
                                                        Del Monte Avenue and Camino Aguajito, Fremont
                                                        Street and Aquajito Rd, Alvarado Street and Pearl
Bicycle	Detection		
Bicycle Detection at signalized intersections along
bicycle routes increase convenience and encourage       Street, Abrego Street and El Dorado Street and
correct placement on the street. Bicycle detection      along N. Fremont Street.
technologies sense bicycles in a travel lane and
trigger the green phase at a signalized intersection.
Currently the City uses “E” loops (inductive), which
are installed below the pavement and marked by a
bicycle symbol and line to show optimal alignment
for detection. Inductive loop sensors are the least
expensive to install typically, but are not easy to
maintain or repair and may not detect bicycles that
are made mostly of carbon fiber.
Microwave and video sensors are other bicycle
detection options. Both are more expensive up-
front, but are easier to access for maintenance
and repairs. Most video detection can distinguish
between bicycles and other vehicles and can moni-
                                                        Bicycle Box

tor multiple lanes.
A list of signalized intersections with existing bi-
                                                        Floating	Bicycle	Lane
cycle detection and proposed bicycle detection can      Floating bicycle lanes are used to meet the de-
be found in the Appendix.                               mand for travel during peak commute hours and
                                                        that of on-street parking during off-peak hours.
                                                        Essentially bicyclists and parked cars share the
                                                        same right-of-way just during different times of
                                                        the day. The markings can cause some confusion
                                                        for those who have never used floating bicycle
                                                        lanes, but they offer an opportunity for new bi-
                                                        cycle lanes where they have been rejected in the
                                                        past due to the desire to keep on-street parking.
                                                        This treatment is being considered along Camino
                                                        El Estero.

Inductive Loop pavement markings and signage

Bicycle	Boxes	

 The bicycle box provides bicyclists a protected
space in front of queued motor vehicles at traffic
signals, giving them a head start and extra visibil-
ity when the light turns green. This treatment is

                                                                            Draft Monterey on the Move | 29

                                                        Downtown and New Monterey Area. These de-
                                                        velopment areas and nearby residential zones are
                                                        divided by three major geopolitical barriers: the
                                                        Presidio of Monterey, Naval Postgraduate School
                                                        and Lake El Estero/Cemetery.

                                                        Bicycle boulevard safety enhancements, such as
                                                        sharrows and traffic calming devices are key ele-
                                                        ments for transitioning a roadway to a safe and
                                                        functional bicycle boulevard. These safety en-
                                                        hancements will be implemented as funding be-
                                                        comes available.
Floating Bicycle Lane in San Francisco

                                                        East	Downtown	Bicycle	Boulevard	

                                                        This path will connect two key areas of the City
                                                        and provide a much needed bicycle link through
                                                        the downtown area that will increase safety and
The proposed new bikeways are designed to con-
nect existing bikeways and accommodate current          encourage use (Figure X). The East Downtown Bi-
and future ridership patterns, consistent with fu-      cycle Boulevard will extend from Van Buren Street
ture growth patterns described in the General Plan.     to Camino Aguajito, travelling north on Jefferson
Figures X and Table X identify proposed bikeway         Street, Pearl Street and Third Street. It will then
locations.                                              turn south onto Camino Aguajito towards Monterey
                                                        Peninsula College and continue under Highway 1.
Bicycle boulevards serve as the backbone of the         At Mark Thomas Drive, the route turns east to con-
proposed bikeway network. A bicycle boulevard           nect to the North Fremont Bikeway.
is a shared roadway that has been optimized for
bicycle traffic. In contrast with other high volume     One-way lanes would be developed to match exist-
roadways with bicycle lanes, bicycle boulevards are     ing traffic flows (such as Polk, between Alvarado
placed on low volume local or collector streets that    and Hartnell). A bicycle box (a designated area for
maximize the connectivity for bicycles. They also       bicycles to stop, increasing their visibility and a
direct cyclists and motorist to safely share the road   vehicle’s visibility of cyclists) will also be created at
on streets that are too narrow for Class II bicycle     the Pearl/Polk intersection. This will allow cyclists
lanes and where widening the street is infeasible.      to move to the center of the lanes for improved vis-
Bicycle boulevards can be beneficial to all types of    ibility.
cyclists. They offer an alternative route on streets
with low traffic volumes and travel speeds, which       Areas benefiting from this bikeway include the
is typically more comfortable for less experienced      residential areas of Old Town, Casanova-Oak knoll,
bicyclists. Bicycle boulevards provide important        Josselyn Canyon/Deer Flats, La Mesa, and Oak
connects between residential areas and commer-          Grove as well as three major educational institu-
cial areas.                                             tions. Business in Downtown and North Fremont
                                                        will benefit from increased bicycle access. In addi-
Two proposed bicycle boulevards will provide safer      tion, City offices, businesses, such as Trader Joes,
passage for bicyclists in key development areas         and many residential dwellings are located along or
identified in the City of Monterey General Plan:        near this route.

30 | Draft Monterey on the Move

                                                       Madison Street where it is possible to turn left to
                                                       connect to the East Downtown Bicycle Boulevard or
New	Monterey	Bicycle	Boulevard	&	Hawthorne/            right to travel toward Monterey High School.

                                                       The New Monterey Bicycle Boulevard, and specifi-
Bolio	Bicycle	Ramp

The New Monterey Bicycle Boulevard travels south       cally the connection from Private Bolio Road to
on Laine Street from David Avenue, turns left at       Hawthorne Street, provides an alternate connec-
Reeside, right on Hawthorne and then connects          tion between New Monterey and Downtown that
to the lower Presidio (Figure X). To complete this     does not require crossing Lighthouse Avenue to ac-
connection the existing fence between Monterey         cess the Recreation Trail. This connection comple-
and the Presidio would need to be adjusted to allow    ments the Army’s goal of improving bicycle access
for continuous, uninterrupted bicycle travel. This     to the Presidio.
route would also require construction of a ramp
from Hawthorne Street to Private Bolio Road, due
to significant elevation change. The Hawthorne/
Bolio bicycle ramp has been designed and will
                                                       North	Fremont	Bikeway

proceed with construction when funding becomes         The North Fremont Bikeway is a Class II bikeway
available.                                             that will run along North Fremont from Canyon Del
The route would pass through the lower Presidio        Rey Boulevard to Casa Verde Way (Figure X). This
and connect to Van Buren Street. To make this con-     route will link two key development areas and offer
nection bicycle-friendly, construction of a new path   safe transport opportunities for commuters and
will be required near the existing stairs between      tourists. At Casa Verde Way cyclists will have the
Seeno Street and Artillery Street. After reaching      option of turning left towards the fairgrounds and
Van Buren Street, riders will have the option of       then right along Mark Thomas Drive to connect to
turning onto either Scott Street or Franklin Street    the East Downtown Bicycle Boulevard. Alterna-
to connect with Alvarado Street or continuing on to    tively, the cyclist may turn right on Casa Verde Way
                                                       and travel along Casa Verde Way to connect to the
                                                       Recreation Trail.
                                                       At Canyon Del Rey Boulevard, cyclists can turn right
                                                       to connect to the existing Class Ii bikeways that
                                                       connect to Del Rey Oaks. Throughout the area, ad-
                                                       ditional bikeway links connect the North Fremont
                                                       Bikeway to nearby residential neighborhoods and
                                                       parks. The North Fremont Bikeway will bring a
                                                       more residential feel to the area and encourage
                                                       alternative modes of transit to events at the fair-
                                                       grounds as well as increase the number of bicycle
                                                       patrons travelling to commercial services along
                                                       North Fremont.

                                                       Other	Proposed	Bikeways

                                                       Additional proposed bikeways include connector
                                                       bikeway links throughout the City (Table X and
                                                       Figure X). These links connect the two bicycle

                                                                         Draft Monterey on the Move | 31

boulevards and the North Fremont Bikeway to resi-
dential neighborhoods and parks. Additional links
                                                          Proposed	Bicycle	Parking

connect these major bikeways to regional trails, the      Proposed bicycle parking is recommended city-
Recreation Trail and community destinations.              wide, particularly in the following locations:
                                                          Downtown - Bicycle parking in the downtown area
                                                          does not meet current needs. During busy times,
                                                          such as the weekly farmers market and special
                                                          events, as many as 40 bicycles have been counted.
Connections	to	the	Monterey	Bay	Coastal	Trail

The Monterey Bay Coastal Trail is a 26-mile long          At these times bicycles are chained to trees and
stretch of bikeway that extends from Castroville          handrails due to lack of available bicycle parking.
to Big Sur (Figure X). Three proposed routes in           The average number of bicycles parked on Alvarado
Monterey will create greater connectivity be-             Street is between 20-30 during farmer’s market
tween Downtown Monterey and the Coastal Trail.            and 10-15 at any given time during the week. See
These routes include Munras Avenue between El             Appendix for maps of proposed bicycle parking in
Dorado Road and Fremont Street; Abrego Street             the downtown area.
between Fremont Street and Del Monte Avenue;
and Washington Street between Pearl Street and            Bicycle Corrals – This plan recommends replacing
the Recreation Trail. These segments will improve         one on-street parking space with a bicycle cor-
connectivity between Monterey bikeways and sur-           ral that can hold 10 or more bicycles. The images
rounding regional trails                                  below show the success bicycle corrals have had
                                                          in Europe and the United States. This is a cost-
                                                          effective way to provide equitable parking oppor-
                                                          tunities in the downtown area while maintaining
Health,	Safety,	Education	&	Enforcement

In addition to new facilities, it is important to en-
courage bicycling through educational programs            visibility and safety for bicyclists. A formal process
and social and financial incentives. The develop-         should be developed to handle requests to convert
ment of such programs will require ongoing sup-           on-street parking spaces to bicycle corrals. Bicycle
port from public agencies, employers, academic            corrals that do not involve a loss of on-street park-
institutions and organizations.                           ing may be installed at the discretion of the City
Financial constraints often deter potential riders        Traffic Engineer.
from exploring bicycling. In order to overcome
this hurdle, the City of Monterey could establish a
zero interest loan program to assist employees in
purchasing bicycles from local bike shops. As part
of the program, loan recipients would be required
to complete a bicycle safety component either
through written test or video. By encouraging
recipients to buy their bicycles locally, this program
could stimulate the local economy.
 Public Art
Incorporating artisitic elements through murals,
sculptures and painting will add to the aesthetic ap-
peal of bicycle facilities. Public art currently exists
along the Recreation Trail and throughout the City,
highlighting the historic artistry of the community.

32 | Draft Monterey on the Move

                                                         light rail, commuter rail, etc…) accommodate bi-
                                                         cycles. Monterey-Salinas Transit buses provide the
                                                         primary transit service in Monterey. Currently, the
                                                         Monterey MST transit hub is located at Simoneau
                                                         Plaza between Tyler Street, Munras Avenue and
                                                         Pearl Street.

                                                         A multimodal station has been proposed on either
                                                         Washington Street near the Sports Center or Tyler
                                                         Street and East Franklin Street. The station would
                                                         serve bus, bus rapid transit (BRT), light rail and bi-
                                                         cycle transportation. AMTRAK and Greyhound bus
Bicycle Corrals

Aquarium – The Cannery Row/Aquarium area is a            connections may also be possible. All future rail
popular destination for bicyclists as it is easily ac-   plans, public transit stations and car pool locations
cessed by the Recreation Trail. Bicycle parking in       should incorporate bicycle parking and storage
front of the Aquarium regularly overflows, especial-     areas in their design.
ly on weekend days. Additional racks along Can-
nery Row are poorly placed and often overlooked          All MST buses are equipped with bicycle racks
by residents and visitors alike. A bicycle corral        and folding bicycles may also be brought aboard
is recommended for this area on Cannery Row as           at the driver’s discretion. On-board bicycle carry-
well as additional racks near the entrance to the        ing capacity should be maximized on all modes of
Aquarium.                                                transit where feasible by installing larger racks on
                                                         buses that do not drive on the freeway or adding an
Fairgrounds – Due to the frequency and large scale       additional rack to the back of the bus. Some transit
of events that occur at the Fairgrounds, there is a      stops offer bicycle racks (short-term parking) or
regular demand for bicycle parking. This demand          bicycle lockers (longer-term parking).
could be met through the addition of new bicycle
racks or by providing bicycle valet service at all
                                                         Facilities	for	Changing	and	Storing	Clothes	and	

Bicycle Parking Valet – Bicycle valet service shall

                                                         Shower and changing facilities are valuable in
be available at any public event if resources are        reducing barriers to bicycle commuting. There is
available. Bicycle valets provide a secure area for      a recognized need to increase the availability of
bicyclists to park for the duration of an event. Local   changing locations for bicycle commuters in Mon-
bicycle clubs and community groups offer bicycle         terey.
valet services for interested venues.                    Proposed Changing Facilities (including lockers and
                                                             ·	 Ryan Ranch Complex
                                                             ·	 Garden Road
                                                             ·	 City Hall/Calle Principal restroom enhance-
Multimodal	Connections

Bicyclists often depend on combining alternative             ·	 Del Monte Mall
modes of transportation to reach their destination           ·	 Downtown Multimodal Station
and therefore require that forms of transit (buses,

                                                                            Draft Monterey on the Move | 33
¹         "

                                                  TRY                                                    PATTON                                                                                                    "                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Legend
                                                                                                                             ERY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                "    Bicycle Parking - Proposed
                                                                            S                                         ART                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       "    Bicycle Parking - Existing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             City of Monterey

     FITCH                               COR   PORA L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                E    Bicycle Detection - Existing

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Proposed and Existing Bicycle Routes                                                                                                                      #
                                                       G                                                                                                      N      O                                                                                                                                                                                           Figure 2 - East Downtown Bicycle Boulevard                                                                                          Bicycle Detection - Proposed
                                                                 A RE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          #P

                                                                        T                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        October 2012

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     TM Existing


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               WA S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     North Fremont Bicycle Blvd

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         El Estero Lake



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NO EL

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ACIO                                                                                                           "                                                                                                                                          East Downtown Bicycle Blvd



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           "                                                                                                                                                                                                                         New Monterey Bicycle Blvd


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AGUA JITO

                                                                                                                                                                     #    E


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         FIG UE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               General Plan Landuse

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          O NY                                                                                                               D

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               "                                                                                                                                                                       SECON

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           "                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Commercial

                                                                                                                                                    "                                                                                                          PEARL


                                                                                                  N                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Low Density Residential

                                                                                         R   M AN                                                                                                     " "      a
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Æ                                                ALMA

                                                                                  HER                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     THIRD                                      Medium Density Residential

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                                                                                                                                       SO N                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     "                                                                                                    Open Space

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                HOUS T

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                                                                                                                                                          #  E

                                                                                                                                                                 "                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Special Planning Area


                                                                                                                                                             Æ                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    FOURT                                                              Very Low Density Residential





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                                               TERE                                                 E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       º

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       RD                                       "                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Legend
                      City of Monterey                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      "                                                                                                                                                                                                                                "   Bicycle Parking - Proposed

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             "   Bicycle Parking - Existing
  Proposed and Existing Bicycle Routes                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       E   Bicycle Detection - Existing
                            Figure 3 - New Monterey Bicycle Boulevard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                #   P

                                           October 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      P   Bicycle Detection - Proposed



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                                                                                                                                                             LIN                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             !   Changing Facilities - Proposed

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 City Halls
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 North Fremont Bicycle Blvd


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                         FITCH                                                       UM M

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                                                                                                                               LA                                                                                KIT CARSON
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             KIT CARSO



                                                                                                                                                    LIO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Industrial




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                                                                                                                                      IVA                                                                                            RA

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                                                                                                       N                                                                     IS


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                                                                                               MA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ARTI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Public / Semi-Public


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ANS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Special Planning Area


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     RA L EV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     CORPO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Very Low Density Residential

 Glen Lake


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   JOH                                                                                                                                           P


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        "    Bicycle Parking - Proposed
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     P                                ORANGE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             City of Monterey                                                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            SA                                                                                                                                                                                          P    Bicycle Detection - Proposed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Proposed and Existing Bicycle Routes                                                    #
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S                                                                                                   Figure 4 - North Fremont Bicycle Boulevard                               o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    BE                                                                                                                       October 2012                                               !    Changing Facilities - Existing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            RO                                                                                                                                                                                          !    Changing Facilities - Proposed

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Roberts Lake                                                                                                                                                                                          City Halls

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Laguna Del Grande

                                                                                                                                                    SPR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TM Existing



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         # E                       DEL MONTE                                                                                                                      LVIC                                                                        N                                                                                                                                                                                                             PROPOSED, 1

                                                                                                                                                       HE                                         A

                                                 # P                                    TH                                                                                                                                              O

             LAKE                                                                    NOR                                                                                                     IN                                        M

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                               FIRST                                                                                      Del Monte Lake                                            EN

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                                       D                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  IA


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                                                                                                     I   NG                                                                                                                                                                                          UO


                                                                                            N                                                                                                                                                                                                    Q                                                                                                                                                          North Fremont Bicycle Blvd

 El Estero Lake                    THIRD                                                 UN                                                                                                                                                                                                   SE

                                                                                     C                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      East Downtown Bicycle Blvd

" "PEARL                                                                                                  "


                             H                                                                                                                         DEL RO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               New Monterey Bicycle Blvd



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     #    P


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       General Plan Landuse




                                                                                                                                                                                                             ALCA L

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Bicycle	Parking	Design	Guidelines

   ·	 Bicycle parking shall be permitted within
      the sidewalk right-of-way permitted it does
      not prevent or inhibit pedestrian access. A
      minimum of 4 feet of sidewalk shall remain
      to preserve ADA access
   ·	 Bicycle racks shall support the wheel and
      provide at least two points at which the
      bicycle can be secured to the rack
   ·	 Bicycle parking shall be located as close to
      the front entry of the destination as possible
      and be well-lit and visible
   ·	 Indoor bicycle parking areas shall be well lit
      and have controlled and secure access


Pedicabs are growing in popularity in tourist des-
tinations across the United States. In an effort to
encourage visitors to get around Monterey without
a car, pedicabs should be allowed to operate on City
streets. Additional research is needed to develop
policy to regulate and permit pedicab businesses.

                                                       Draft Monterey on the Move | 37
PEDESTRIAN	CHAPTER                                        BENEFITS	TO	WALKING
                                                          Walking is one of the most popular and afford-
                                                          able forms of exercise because it does not require
                                                          special equipment or skill, is low impact on joints,
                                                          and can be done practically anywhere. Some other
Developing new pedestrian facilities and programs         benefits include:
in addition to maintaining existing infrastructure           ·	 Fosters social interaction – Most people do
are essential steps toward achieving a walkable                  not walk alone but instead with another per-
Monterey. This chapter identifies the needs of pe-               son or pet. Even those who walk alone will
destrians and projects and tools that will improve               most likely encounter another pedestrian
the safety, walkability and accessibility of streets in          during their trip with whom they will have
the city. A “walkable” street is one that is comfort-            an opportunity to communicate with.
able for pedestrians and will vary depending on the          ·	 Improves health – Walking has been proven
volume and speed of vehicular traffic and the age                to reduce cardiovascular disease, type II dia-
and ability of those walking. For instance, a street             betes and obesity. If every adult in the U.S.
without sidewalks may still be considered walkable               walked two or more miles each day it would
in a residential area with little traffic. Conversely,           lower the mortality rate by 50%. These
streets in busy commercial or downtown areas that                health benefits can mean significant health
serve high volumes of traffic require more infra-                care cost savings.
structure and amenities to define and preserve the           ·	 Improves cognitive function and increases
pedestrian space such as sidewalks, crosswalks,                  productivity
crossing signals and signage. Streets that serve             ·	 Enables multimodal transportation - Many
schools, health care centers or senior housing                   do not realize that even if they drive or ride
may also require pedestrian infrastructure even if               the bus, they must still walk to access their
located in a residential area to accommodate the                 car or the bus stop, and they must walk from
special needs of children, disabled and seniors.                 the parking lot or bus stop to reach their
Walking is the oldest mode of transportation and                 final destination.
continues to influence urban form and function               ·	 Economy Benefits – Pedestrians and bicy-
to this day. Cities or portions of cities that were              clists shop more frequently than customers
developed during a time when walking was the                     who arrive by car and similarly, more walk-
predominate mode of transportation were shaped                   able commercial sites and neighborhoods
to best serve the needs of pedestrians, in other                 are associated with higher property values.
words homes were located within walking distance
to shops, schools, libraries, parks and other living
essentials. Downtown Monterey and the Old Town
neighborhood were developed at a time when
walking was the dominant mode of transporta-
                                                          EXISTING	PEDESTRIAN	INFRASTRUCTURE	&	
tion, and are therefore some of the most “walkable”
parts of Monterey.                                        We are all pedestrians during some portion of the
                                                          day and rely on safe well-connected pedestrian
                                                          facilities to access our destinations. Inviting and

                                                                            Draft Monterey on the Move | 38

appropriately proportioned pedestrian infrastruc-              to open space and parks.
ture encourages walking and also enhances the use          ·	 Munras Path - The Munras Avenue multi-
and functionality of all modes within a transporta-            use trail that runs from El Dorado to the Del
tion system.                                                   Monte Shopping Center provides an impor-
Monterey supports diverse pedestrian activity                  tant pedestrian connection between major
through a variety of different types of infrastruc-            commercial areas and schools, and provides
ture, which can be divided into four distinct cat-             access to the State Historic Park.
egories: crossings, path of travel adjacent to road-       Sidewalk maintenance is key to providing safe
ways, pedestrian orientation and places for pause          pedestrian facilities throughout the city, espe-
or gathering. The design of this infrastructure as         cially for seniors who are more susceptible to
well as the speeds and volumes of other modes of           tripping. The City Sidewalk Inspection Program
transportation affect the pedestrian experience.           ensures that the conditions of facilities through-
                                                           out Monterey are tracked annually. Public
                                                           Works staff conducts inspections and defects
                                                           are abated through the open-end sidewalks and
Path	of	Travel

Sidewalks provide safe pedestrian access to urban
                                                           streets contracts using funds from the Capital
land uses and special development such as schools,
                                                           Outlay in the Capital Improvement Projects
parks, community centers and senior housing facili-
                                                           (CIP) budget.
ties. A distinct right-of-way for pedestrians that
                                                           Residents may also call the Code Compliance
runs adjacent to the roadway separate from motor-
                                                           Officer to report sidewalk maintenance issues
ized vehicle traffic is necessary in areas with high
                                                           including overgrown brush encroaching on the
volumes of traffic or speed limits over 25 miles per
                                                           walkway. The Code Compliance officer coor-
                                                           dinates and oversees repairs made by private
Sidewalks are typically composed of concrete and
                                                           property owners.
have a vertical or rolled curb. Vertical curbs are
superior to rolled curb as they create a more de-
fined barrier between the pedestrian right-of-way
and vehicle right-of-way. Cars can easily mount

sidewalks with rolled curbs. When parked, side          ADA Access
mirrors and doors can encroach on and even block        Sidewalks are important in achieving safe and com-
the pedestrian path of travel. Most sidewalks in        fortable pedestrian travel, however, for some users
Monterey have a vertical curb, but some rolled curb     sidewalks without ADA ramps are useless. Where
can be found in residential neighborhoods. All new      no ramps exist at an intersection, pedestrians in
sidewalks should have vertical curb to preserve the     wheelchairs are forced to travel in the street in or-
pedestrian right-of-way.                                der to cross. The City of Monterey is in the process
In addition to sidewalks, trails and multiuse paths     of updating their ADA transition plan that identifies
can provide pedestrian access to parks and open         existing and needed ramps at all major intersec-
space and activity centers away from vehicular traf-    tions. Once the plan is finished the City will begin
fic                                                     installing ADA ramps at major intersections and
    ·	 Recreation Trail – The Recreation Trail is       along routes to medium-high density housing, com-
        the most popular multi-use trail in Monterey    munity centers, parks and employment centers.
        and is shared with bicyclists.                  Curb ramps provide access to sidewalks for those
    ·	 El Estero Park Path - The El Estero path         with ambulatory disabilities, but also aid those
        circles Lake El Estero and provides opportu-    who are blind or visually impaired in preparing to
        nities for recreational activities and access   cross the street. A blind person relies on tactile

                                                                          Draft Monterey on the Move | 39

cues to properly align themselves at intersections.      is a sort of way finding that directs residents and
They must position themselves to best hear oncom-        visitors to attractions of cultural and historic im-
ing traffic so they can find a gap in traffic. At wide   portance.
busy signalized intersections such as those along
Del Monte Ave, it can be difficult for a blind person
to know when it is safe to cross or how much time
                                                         Pedestrian	Places	&	Plazas

                                                         A key feature of successful pedestrian environ-
they have to do so safely. The installation of audible
                                                         ments is a place or plaza where people can gather,
countdown signals in several locations around the
                                                         sit, observe and play. Portola Plaza is currently a
city have been helpful in mitigating this issue for
                                                         pedestrian-only facility that is used for seasonal
the blind and visually impaired.
                                                         events like the annual car show and ice-skating.
Midblock Crossings
                                                         Every Tuesday afternoon/evening Alvarado St is
Pedestrians are the most vulnerable to injury when
                                                         closed to vehicular traffic for the Downtown Farm-
they cross a street and most collisions involving
                                                         ers Market. This weekly event is very popular and
pedestrians at or near an intersection. Pedestrian
                                                         has raised interest in the community to provide
crossings must be carefully designed and located to
                                                         more permanent pedestrian-only streets in other
avoid such incidents. Drivers must also be aware
                                                         parts of the city.
of the rules of the road and right-of-way laws as
stated in the California Vehicle Code. Many do not
fully understand when pedestrians must yield to
drivers and vice versa.
Drivers must yield to pedestrians at all crosswalks
marked and unmarked, however, pedestrians must
                                                         PEDESTIRAN	NEEDS

practice due care when crossing. Midblock cross-
ings can be dangerous when there is confusion over
                                                         When analyzing the pedestrian network and judging how
                                                         well it functions, it is important to consider the needs of all

who has the right-of-way. In practice what often
                                                         users. For example, a sidewalk that is to serve pedestrians

times happens is that pedestrians assume they will
                                                         with strollers or those in wheelchairs must have curb ramps

be safe when crossing at a crosswalk and will ne-
                                                         to provide easy access. A bus stop that is located across

glect to look for approaching vehicles before enter-
                                                         the street from a popular destination should be near a

ing into the street. Conversely, drivers will fail to
                                                         crosswalk to provide riders a safe and convenient crossing.
                                                         In general, when designing pedestrian facilities it is reason-

yield to pedestrians at a marked midblock crossing
                                                         able to focus on the needs of seniors and disabled as they

if not controlled by a stop sign. The City Traffic En-
                                                         are amongst the more vulnerable users and many improve-

gineering Division is currently conducting a study
                                                         ments for them will benefit all pedestrians.

of all midblock crossings in the city and developing
                                                         Sometimes improving pedestrian infrastructure detracts

criteria that will justify removal or addition of such
                                                         from other modes of transportation. For example, install-

crossings in the future.
                                                         ing curb extensions at an intersection and reducing the
                                                         curb radius shortens pedestrian crossings but slows down
                                                         vehicles and makes turning more challenging especially
                                                         for older drivers. It is challenging to balance the needs of

Way-finding signage, informational kiosks and
                                                         all users of a roadway, however, certain areas of the city

landmarks assist pedestrians, and visitors in par-
                                                         should prioritize pedestrian travel over others such as in the

ticular, in navigating certain areas of the city. Cur-   The sidewalk network in Monterey is generally well
                                                         downtown area and near schools and senior living facilities.

rently there is some pedestrian way-finding signage      connected which allows for many different types of
in the downtown area, but it could be more visible       trips to be taken by walking. Most people surveyed
and lead to other modes of transportation such as        stated that they walk for exercise and recreation,
bicycle parking and transit. The Path of History         and that they do so with at least one other person.

40 | Draft Monterey on the Move

Popular walking destinations are restaurants and           ·	 Lighthouse Ave
retail stores, grocery stores and parks and commu-         ·	 Fremont St
nity centers.                                              ·	 N. Fremont St
There are very few gaps in sidewalk throughout             ·	 Del Monte Ave
the city however, the Monterey Vista neighborhood          ·	 Iris Canyon Rd
area has the most gaps in pedestrian infrastructure.   Areas of the city along collector or arterial streets
Typically neighborhood streets have low traffic vol-   may have existing sidewalks, but those sidewalks
umes and operate at low speeds and do not require      are either too narrow or do not provide an ad-
sidewalks to support pedestrian travel. However,       equate buffer between pedestrians and speeding
several streets in Monterey Vista connect the neigh-   vehicles. These large streets have few intersections
borhood to commercial areas, schools and parks         and therefore few opportunities for pedestrians
and experience higher vehicle speeds and volumes.      to cross. Safety is also a common concern along
Via Gayuba, Soledad Drive and Skyline Drive are        streets that offer poor lighting.
streets that are missing sidewalks or have gaps in     When asked what improvements would make it
existing sidewalks and require measures to reduce      more fun and convenient to walk in Monterey, the
vehicle speeds.                                        most popular response was to widen sidewalks
Community survey respondents stated they do not        followed by installing public toilets and public art
like to walk in the following areas:                   (See Figure X).
    ·	 Pacific Street
    ·	 Munras Ave                                      Sidewalks in the downtown area and along arteri-
    ·	 Soledad Dr                                      als and collectors should be a minimum of 10 feet,
    ·	 Via Gayuba                                      and preferably wider to accommodate more pedes-

                                                                         Draft Monterey on the Move | 41

trian traffic, amenities such as benches and light-     eas in residential areas or near small parks. Wider
ing, and a buffer zone between pedestrians and          sidewalks are recommended for commercial areas
cars.                                                   that have higher volumes of pedestrians.

                                                               Ramona/Neighborhood Sidewalk Repair

The Monterey on the Move Advisory Committee                    (funded by NIP 2012-2013 pg58)
and City staff conducted a series of six field walks,          Rec Trail/Lighthouse Curve Bike/Ped Con-
each in a different neighborhood, to observe the               nection
existing pedestrian infrastructure and identify                Foam Sidewalk Gap
gaps and potential access issues. Each neighbor-               ADA ramps at Franklin and Larkin (funded
hood was found to have unique pedestrian needs                 by NIP 2012-2013 pg 52)
although several common issues emerged through-
out several or all neighborhoods. Field walks were
conducted along popular pedestrian routes near
major trip generators such as commercial areas,

medium to high-density residential neighborhoods,              Program 1.1 - Analyze collision data biannu-
schools, senior facilities and parks (see Table X for          ally and prioritize projects that will increase
infrastructure needs and Appendix for route maps).             the safety of pedestrians and bicyclists at
                                                               top collision locations. Follow-up with site
                                                               visits if patterns emerge.

                                                               Program 1.2 – Conduct a study of all marked
                                                               uncontrolled crosswalks and develop war-

                                                               rants to install new crosswalks or remove
Sidewalks – minimum of 5’ is recommended for ar-

42 | Draft Monterey on the Move

  Area       Missing/Steep    Cracked/Un-    Narrow   No Sidewalk/

               Del Monte/Tyler     Fremont/El Estero       Bonifacio     Camino El Estero
              ADA Ramps      even Sidewalk  Sidewalk       Gap

             Calle Principal/Pearl (near Car Wash)         Del Monte        Church St
            Calle Principal/Frank-                          Franklin
                       lin                              Abrego/Webster
            Pacific/Del Monte     Franklin/Monroe
            Pacific/Scott         Larkin between Jef-
Old Town                                                      N/A               N/A

            Van Buren/Franklin    ferson and Madison
            Larkin/Franklin       Monroe - chipped
            Watson/Franklin       water cover

            Reeside/Hawthorne     Dickman/Laine         David near Haw- Foam/Irving
            McClellan/Laine       Hoffman/Laine         thorne          Laine/Drake
New Mon-
            Belding & Irving      David/Laine           Hoffman/Foam

                    N/A                  N/A              Sloat/Eighth     Pearl/Third St
                                                                          (near cemetery)
Oak Grove

            Soledad/Munras               N/A            Martin/Pacific   Soledad (Munras
                                                        Soledad (over-   to Pacific Vista Pl)
                                                        grown brush)     Soledad (Pacific
                                                        Munras           Vista Pl to Monte
                                                                         Soledad (Via
                                                                         Encino to Via
                                                                         Soledad (Via
                                                                         Descanso to Via
                                                                         Munras (Cass St
                                                                         to Soledad Dr)

Casanova            N/A            Fremont/Airport         Casanova           Ramona
Oak-Knoll                                                 N. Fremont

                                                                            Draft Monterey on the Move | 43

      unnecessary ones. The public notification
      procedure for removing crosswalks shall be
      consistent with the California Vehicle Code.

      Sloat Ave/Fifth Street Curb Extensions
      crossing treatments and lighting

      Cannery Row/New Monterey Recreation
      Trail Crossing Safety and Lighting Improve-

      Casa Verde/Recreation Trail Bicycle crossing
      Improvements                                    Figure 1: Pedestrian Scramble

      Park Avenue/Recreation Trail Crossing Im-               Program 5.5 - Increase enforcement of code
      provements                                              violations that have to do with blocking
                                                              pedestrian and bicycle right-of-way (ex//
      Figueroa/Recreation Trail Crossing Im-                  vehicles parked in/on sidewalk or bicycle
      provements, re-route rec trail/roundabout?              lane)

      Audible count-down at all signalized inter-             Program 5.6 – Instruct waste management
      sections                                                not to block sidewalks or bicycle lanes with
                                                              garbage and recycling bins
      All pedestrian phase “Pedestrian scramble”
      at the intersection of Alvarado and Del
      Monte                                           ADA	ACCESS

                                                              Program 7.1 – Update the City of Monterey
                                                              ADA transition plan to include sidewalks
                                                              near transit, senior housing, schools and

                                                              major trip generators.
      Program 5.1 – Develop and execute a multi-              Program 7.2 - Accommodate disabled access
      media education and safety campaign                     in all new construction or major rehabilita-
      “Rules of the Road” and “Know the Law” for              tion projects
      bicyclists and drivers                                  Program 7.3 – Update all signalized intersec-
      Bicycle Commuter tips and resources                     tions with audible countdown pedestrian
      “Share the Road”                                        phases
      “See and be Seen” – lights and reflectors               Program 7.4 – Work with PG&E to modify
                                                              utility pole wires so they are out of the path
      Program 5.4 – Increase enforcement of                   of blind and visually impaired pedestrians
      pedestrian and bicyclist violations such as
      jaywalking or walking or bicycling during
      the red phase at a signalized intersection.
                                                              Van Buren/Artillery Connection Improvements

      Offer bicycle/pedestrian traffic school as an
                                                              for bicycle and ADA access

      alternative to a monetary fine.

44 | Draft Monterey on the Move


        Program 8.2 – Encourage City employees to
        lead by example and commute by alternative
        transportation. Develop an incentive-based
        alternative commute program that encour-
        ages City employees to commute to work by
        walking, bicycling, transit, carpool or hybrid

        Hawthorne/Bolio Bicycle/Pedestrian Con-

Wayfinding	Signage:

Figure 4: From Downtown Streetscape Plan

Figure 2: Pedestrian Bridge on Artillery Rd

                                                         Draft Monterey on the Move | 45
Safe Routes To School
SAFE	ROUTES	TO	SCHOOL	CHAPTER                                                                              EXISTING	CONDITIONS	&	NEEDS	ANALYSIS

                                                                                                           Children make up a special group of pedestrians
                                                                                                           whose needs are different than those of adults. Ad-
                                                                                                           ditional safety considerations must be made when

In recent years there has been a national push                                                             planning pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure for
to reduce childhood obesity in the United States                                                           youth as they have lower inhibitions, do not neces-
through healthy diet and increased physical activ-                                                         sarily know to use peripheral vision or listen for
ity. In 2010, 17% of children ages 2 – 19 in the                                                           oncoming vehicles, are smaller and therefore more
United States were obese (2009-2010 National                                                               difficult for motorists to see, and do not yet under-
Health and Nutrition Examination Survey)1. In                                                              stand driver behavior.
correlation with this statistic, fewer children are
walking to and from school. In 1969 nearly 50% of
children aged 5-14 walked to school. In 2009 only
                                                                                                           According to Monterey County Health Department

13% of children under the age of 18 walked or rode
a bicycle to school.                                                                                       records, in 2009 approximately 29% of teens (12-
Walking and bicycling to school are two of the                                                             17) in Monterey County were considered over-
best low-impact forms of exercise that can im-                                                             weight or obese. Walking and bicycle to and from
prove health and cognitive function. A study by                                                            school could provide students a guaranteed form of
Dr Richard Jackson and Stacy Sinclair found that                                                           daily exercise.
walking to school “improves children’s concentra-
tion, boosts moods and alertness, and enhances
memory, creativity and overall learning” (Jackson,
                                                                                                             SCHOOL	ENROLLMENT	- RESIDENTS OF	MONTEREY

Dr. Richard; Sinclair, Stacy. Designing Healthy Com-
                                                                                                           School		                             Estimate Percent

munities. USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2012). The
                                                                                                           Population 3 years and over en-           6,532

Department of Health recommends children get
                                                                                                           rolled in school

a minimum of 420 minutes of exercise each week
                                                                                                            Nursery school, preschool                 251          4%

or 60 minutes of physical activity each day (U.S.
                                                                                                                                                      147          2%

Department of Health and Human Services. Physi-
                                                                                                            Elementary school (grades 1-8)          1,555         24%

cal Activity Guidelines for Americans. Fact Sheet
                                                                                                            High school (grades 9-12)                 897         14%

for Professionals. 2008.
lines/factSheetProf.aspx). By walking or bicycling to
                                                                                                            College or graduate school               3,682        56%

school a student can meet or come close to meeting
                                                                                                           U.S. Census Table DP02: Selected Social Characteristics in
                                                                                                           the United States 2006-2010 American Community Survey

their required daily exercise. A student who lives
                                                                                                           Selected Population Tables

1 mile away from school will get approximately 40
minutes of moderate exercise if they walk to and                                                           In 2010 there were approximately 6,000 students

from school. On a bicycle a student can cover more                                                         grades 1 – College or graduate school that were
ground in the same amount of time which makes                                                              old enough to walk or ride a bicycle to school.
bicycling a good option for those who live further                                                         “32% of Monterey County teens reported that they
than 1 mile from school.                                                                                   walked, biked or skated to and from school in the
                                                                                                           prior week” (Monterey County Health Department
                                                                                                           Health Brief, 2011). This statistic is higher than the
1             Ogden, Cynthia L.; et. al. Prevalence of Obesity in the United States, 2009–2010. National
Center for Health Statistics Data Brief. No. 82. January 2012.

                                                                                                                                Draft Monterey on the Move | 46
national average, yet the majority of students still   Decommissioned/Closed Schools:
drove or were driven to school. The health ben-             Bay View Elementary (K-7) – New Monterey
efits to walking and bicycling are well known and           (Relocated to Del Monte Elementary Site)
have been for quite some time, so why aren’t more
students walking and bicycling to school? Accord-             Larkin School – Old Town
ing to a national survey of 1,588 parents, the most           (Now used by DLI for office space)
common barriers to children walking to school are:
    ·	 Distance to school 61%                                 Del Monte Elementary – Villa Del Monte
    ·	 Traffic-related danger – 30.4%                         (Now used as an Adult School)
    ·	 Weather – 18.6%
    ·	 Crime danger – 11.7%
    ·	 Opposing school policy – 6%
                                                       PROPOSED	PROJECTS

    ·	 Other – 15%
(U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
                                                       Currently most students arrive at Walter Colton
                                                       Walk/Bike	To	School	Program

These barriers need to be addressed through on-
going programs and infrastructure improvements         Middle School by school bus, MST bus or by car.
surrounding schools.                                   Some of the barriers to walking and bicycling to
                                                       Walter Colton and other schools in the area are the
                                                       steep topography, distance, insufficient pedestrian
                                                       infrastructure surrounding the school and lack
Monterey Vista

                                                       of adult supervision. In October 2012 the City of
      Monte Vista Elementary                           Monterey used a Safe Routes to School grant to
      Walter Colton Middle School                      fund the first Walk To School Week at Walter Colton
      Monterey High School                             Middle School to call attention to these issues.
                                                        The event lasted five days from October 1 through
Fishermens Flats                                       October 5. Healthy snacks and water were pro-
      Foothill Elementary                              vided each morning to those who participated.
                                                       Students who walked all or most days were entered
La Mesa                                                into a raffle to win prizes such as gift certificates to
      La Mesa Elementary                               local eateries, movie theaters, laser tag, and iTunes
                                                       gift cards. Students were provided pedometers to
Downtown                                               track their mileage throughout the day and were
     San Carlos (Private K-8)                          encouraged to walk for more of their trips.
     Trinity Christian High School (Private)

Mark Thomas
                                                              Roundabouts are designed to reduce speeds
                                                       Soledad/Soledad/Mar	Vista	Roundabout	

      Santa Catalina (PK-12)
                                                              to 15-20 mph and decrease the number of
New Monterey                                                  potential conflict points from 32 to 8 at a
     Hilltop School                                           four-way intersection.

Villa Del Monte                                               Challenges/Issues: the intersection of Sole-
       Del Monte Adult Education (was an elemen-              dad/Soledad/Mar Vista currently lacks pe-
       tary school)                                           destrian infrastructure and is a challenging
                                                              place for pedestrians to cross due to short
                                                              sight distances created by topography and

                                                                          Draft Monterey on the Move | 47
       street geometry. Speeding is also an issue in
       that location and has contributed to several
       collisions over the past decade.

       Opportunities: The intersection is less than
       500 feet away from Monte Vista Elementary
       School. A roundabout and pedestrian infra-
       structure improvements would calm traffic
       and provide a safer and more comfortable
       walking route for students travelling to and
       from school.

       Project description: Construct an ADA ac-
Via	Gayuba	Sidewalk

       cessible sidewalk on the north side of Via
       Gayuba from Mar Vista to Walter Colton Dr

       Via Gayuba provides access to Monte Vista
       Elementary School and to Walter Colton
       Middle School

       This project would close the gap between
       existing sidewalks on Walter Colton Dr and
       Mar Vista Dr

       Project description: Construct a concrete
Soledad	Drive	Sidewalk

       sidewalk with vertical curb along Soledad
       Drive from Via Descanso to Via Paraiso

       Soledad Drive provides access from the
       Monterey Vista neighborhood to the Del
       Monte Shopping Center and access to Mon-
       terey Vista Elementary, Walter Colton Mid-
       dle School and Via Paraiso Park

48 | Draft Monterey on the Move
Multimodal LOS
                                                         fic impacts, as defined by the MMMP or the General
                                                         Plan EIR. The General Plan requires adoption of a
General Plan Policy j.1 requires that the City estab-    traffic impact fee ordinance used to define the pro-
lish a MMLOS standard and automobile LOS stan-           rata share of a development’s impact on the trans-
dard for defined neighborhoods. The MMMP defines         portation system. The traffic impact fee will be used
a MMLOS target for each neighborhood and defines         towards:
projects that, once implemented, will achieve that            o Roadway improvements identified in the
target. The MMLOS and automobile LOS standards                    General Plan EIR,
will work together to measure the effectiveness of            o Bicycle infrastructure, and pedestrian infra-
the transportation system and establish a mecha-                  structure improvements as defined in the
nism for funding the implementation of the trans-                 MMMP, and/or
portation system that fulfills the Circulation Ele-           o Transit improvements.
ment Vision.
                                                   For example, if Lighthouse Avenue operates a LOS
The General Plan establishes the following accept- E/F, and a project adds automobile trips to Light-
able level of service standards for automobiles:   house Avenue, and improvements to the bicycle and
                                                   pedestrian connections to New Monterey, as iden-
   o LOS D: Roadway segments that do not serve tified in the MMMP, are not complete, then a sig-
     or are not planned to serve alternative modes nificant impact is identified and an impact fee will
     of transportation; and no other convenient be required that goes towards construction of the
     alternative routes exist or have been defined appropriate multi-modal project identified in the
     as a project in the MMMP.                     MMMP for Lighthouse Avenue or alternative route
   o LOS E and LOS F: Roadway segments that in New Monterey. If no project is left unconstruct-
     do serve or are planned to serve alternative ed/unimplemented that could further reduce the
     modes of transportation; or a convenient al- impact of additional Lighthouse Avenue traffic, then
     ternative route exists or has been defined as no impact is assumed and no development fee is re-
     a project in the MMMP.                        quired.

Traffic Impact Analysis
General Plan requires the preparation of a traffic im-
                                                         Measures of Effectiveness

pact analysis (TIA) where project traffic is expected    Implementation of the system will occur over time
to increase the existing traffic by two percent (2%)     through the acquisition of grants, programming of
or more. A project’s traffic impact to any given road-   funds from the capital improvement program or
way segment or section of a multi-modal system is        neighborhood improvement program, or application
considered significant if the TIA concludes that the     of development impact fees. As the system is imple-
project reduces an identified LOS to an unaccept-        mented, the MOE’s must be engaged to provide con-
able level or further degrade an already unaccept-       stant feedback for any corrections/additions to the
able LOS under cumulative traffic conditions during      system that might be required to meet the General
typical (i.e., non-summer) weekday traffic condi-        Plan Vision. The MMMP will be updated regularly
tions. The mitigation for significant impacts is for     to reflect a plan that evolves to ensure that it meets
the project to build or fund a pro-rata share toward     the changing environmental and physical conditions
improvements necessary to mitigate significant traf-     and the evolving needs of the community.

                                                                            Draft Monterey on the Move | 49
The MOE’s must be an accurate indicator of how
well a circulation system is serving all users. The
Advisory Committee spent many hours in the field
walking, bicycling, and considering transit options
to design the optimal multi-modal citywide network
that is reflected in the MMMP. As discussed in previ-
ous chapters, the Advisory Committee:
    o Set certain criteria for achieving an excep-
        tional multi-modal system;
    o Identified optimal routes and connections;
    o Identified barriers / gaps throughout the City
        that require removal/filling in to complete
        the identified routes and connections; and,
    o Designed a modal system that achieves an ul-
        timate MMLOS for the City.


The MOE’s mirror the criteria used by the Advisory
Committee when identifying and designing the city-
wide multi-modal network. The methodology for
measuring and monitoring the effectiveness of the
plan is summarized in Table XX below. For each plan
objective, the table lists the tools for measuring and
monitoring as follows:

50 | Draft Monterey on the Move

                                                                                                            DATA	COL-
                                    MEASURE	OF	               BASELINE	MEA-                                                     DATA	COLLECTION	
                OBJECTIVE                                                               TARGET              LECTION	
                                    EFFECTIVENESS             SUREMENT                                                          RESPONSIBILITY
                                                              Number of pedes-
                                                              trian collisions found    Decreased
                                                              in Monterey Police        number of col-
                                    Number of collisions      Department Collision      lisions involving                       Monterey Police De-
                Reduce the                                                                                  Biannually
                                    involving pedestrians     Report Summary from       pedestrians                             partment
                number and                                    2009 - 2012 tracked       and bicyclists
                severity of col-                              for each participating    (by 2018?)
                lisions involving                             neighborhood.
                pedestrians and
                bicyclists          Change in vehicle
                                    speeds in areas iden-     85th percentile speed     Decrease 85th
                                                                                                                                Plans & Public Works -
                                    tified in neighbor-       from 2008-2012 speed      percentile          Annually
                                                                                                                                Traffic Engineering
                                    hood traffic calming      surveys                   speeds (by?)
                                                                                        Increased the
                Create safe en-                                                         number of
                vironments for      Number of students                                  students walk-
                                                              Student and Parent                            Biannually (April   Safe Routes To School
                youth walking       walking and bicycling                               ing or bicycling
                                                              Surveys                                       & October)          Coordinator
                and bicycling to    to school                                           to school at
                school                                                                  all schools by
Health, Safe-
ty, Education   Ensure that
                                                              Needed - Inventory the
& Enforce-      all pedestrian      Percentage of pedes-                                Increased
                                                              condition of existing
ment            and bicycle         trian and bicycle fa-                               lighting along
                                                              lighting; identify and                        Annually            Plans & Public Works
                infrastructure      cilities with adequate                              bike and ped
                                                              prioritize necessary
                and crossings       lighting                                            facilities
                are well lit
                                                              Obesity rates found in    Decreased
                Reduce obesity
                                    Rate of obese chil-       2009 Monterey County      obesity rate                            Monterey County
                rates in Mon-                                                                               ?
                                    dren and adults           Health Department         in Monterey                             Health Department
                                                              Records                   County
                                    Number of schools         2012 Walter Colton        awareness
                Educate the         participating in pe-      Walk to School Week       and involve all                         Safe Routes To School
                                                                                                            Biannually (April
                community           destrian and bicycle      pedometer data; Need      schools in Walk                         Coordinator/School
                                                                                                            & October)
                how to safely       safety events and         baseline data for other   to School Day/                          administration/staff
                and legally op-     activities                schools K-12              Week events
                erate a bicycle                                                         by 2018
                and practice        Number of pedes-                                    Decreased
                safe pedestrian     trian and bicycle cita-   Monterey Police           number of
                behavior                                                                                                        Monterey Police De-
                                    tions (e.g. jaywalking    Department Citation       citations (with     Annually
                                    and minors without        Records                   increased
                                    helmets)                                            enforcement)

                                                                                                                    Draft Monterey on the Move | 51
                                                                                                            DATA	COL-           DATA	COLLEC-
                                    MEASURE	OF	EF-          BASELINE	MEA-
                OBJECTIVE                                                               TARGET              LECTION	            TION	RESPONSI-
                                    FECTIVENESS             SUREMENT
                                                                                                            FREQUENCY           BILITY
                                                                                        Eight new
                Enhance con-        Number of bicycle
                                                                                        bicycle racks
                nections be-        parking spaces near     2009 bicycle parking                                                Plans & Public Works -
                                                                                        installed in the    Annually
                tween modes         transit and trip gen-   survey                                                              Traffic Engineering
                                                                                        downtown area
                of transporta-      erators
                                                                                        by 2015
                tion to reduce
                congestion and                                                          Increased
                provide flexibil-                                                       number and/
                ity within the      MST bus capacity to     MST bicycle rack            or capacity of
                                                                                                            Annually            MST/Public Works
                transportation      hold bicycles           capacity in 2012            bicycle racks on
                network                                                                 MST buses by
 Connectivity                                                                           2018
 & Access                                                                               All crossings
                                                            2013 Inventory of
                                    Number of intersec-                                 near major trip
                                                            existing and needed                             Progress update
                                    tions and crossings                                 generators are                          Plans & Public Works
                                                            ADA ramps at inter-                             Annually
                Improve ADA         with ADA ramps                                      ADA accessible
                                                            sections in the city
                access and ac-                                                          by 2020
                commodations                                                            Signalized
                throughout the                                                          intersections are
                city                 Number of audible
                                                            2013 traffic Signal         equipped with       Update Progress     Plans & Public Works -
                                    countdown pedes-
                                                            Inventory                   audible count-      Annually            Traffic Engineering
                                    trian phases
                                                                                        down pedestrian
                                    Number of bicycle
                                    detection devices at
                                                            2012 Bicycle Detec-         intersections       Update Progress     Plans & Public Works -
                                    signalized intersec-
                                                            tion Inventory (MOM)        equipped with       Annually            Traffic Engineering
                                    tions along bicycle
                                                                                        bicycle detection
                                                                                        number of
                                    Number of City          Number of City em-
                                                                                        employees who
                                    employees that com-     ployees commuting                                                   Human Resources;
                                                                                        commute by ac-      Annually
                                    mute by alternative     by active transporta-                                               Payroll
                                                                                        tive transporta-
                                    transportation          tion in 2013
                                                                                        tion more than
                Promote active                                                          one day/week
                and increase                                                            Increased num-                          Plans & Public Works;
                                                            Needed - survey of bi-
                mode share by       Number of bicycle                                   ber of bicycle                          Non-profit organi-
 Encourage-                                                 cycle commute group                             Annually
                improving user      Commute Groups                                      commute groups                          zation; Academic
 ment &                                                     participation
                convenience                                                             and participants                        Institution
                and through                                                             Increased
                encourage-                                  Participation data
                ment activities     Number of Citywide      from 2012 Spring Bike                           Biannually (April
                                                                                        in events;                              Plans & Public Works;
                and programs        Active Lifestyle En-    to Work Event; ticket                           & October) or
                                                                                        increased                               Parks & Recreation
                                    couragement Events      sales or registration (if                       during event
                                                                                        frequency of

                                                            2012 Pedestrian & Bi-
                                    Mode Share of Bicycle                               Increased mode      Biannually (April   Plans & Public Works -
                                                            cycle Counts; AMBAG;
                                    and Pedestrian Trips                                share               & October)          Traffic Engineering
                                                            U.S. Census

                                                            2012 MST Ridership          Increased transit
                                    Transit Ridership                                                       Annually            MST
                                                            counts                      ridership

52 | Draft Monterey on the Move
                                                                                                       DATA	COL-        DATA	COLLEC-
                                  MEASURE	OF	EF-           BASELINE	MEA-
               OBJECTIVE                                                            TARGET             LECTION	         TION	RESPONSI-
                                  FECTIVENESS              SUREMENT
                                                                                                       FREQUENCY        BILITY
               tourists to                                                          Increased per-
                                  Percentage of tourists                                                                Plans & Public Works;
               walk, bicycle                                                        centage of trips   Annually (Sum-
                                  trips taken by active    Needed: Hotel surveys                                        Hotels; Visitor-serving
               and ride transit                                                     taken by active    mer)
                                  transport                                                                             businesses
               to explore                                                           transport
                                                                                    Increased vol-
Visitor Serving Create            Pedestrian and bicycle
                                                           2012 Pedestrian &        umes bike and      Annually (Sum-   Plans & Public Works -
& Supportive engaging and         volumes in defined
                                                           Bicycle Counts           ped volumes in     mer)             Traffic Engineering
Amenities       pleasurable       visitor-serving areas
                                                                                    VS areas
                environments                                                        Increased
                that enhance      Number of businesses     number of businesses     number of
                the visitor       that provide outdoor     providing outdoor        businesses that    Annually         Plans & Public Works
                experience        seating/dining           seating/dining in 2012   provide outdoor

               Provide design     Number of cases of                                Reduced cases
                                                           2012 Police Reports                         Annually         Police Department
               standards, and     bicycle theft                                     of bicycle theft
Design, Con-   maintenance
struction &    programs to        Number of code
Maintenance    ensure safety      enfocement cases         Code Enforcement         Resolved code
               and longevity      involving encroach-      reporting records in     enforcement        Annually         Code Enforcement
               of facilities      ment of sidewalks or     2012                     cases
                                  walking paths
               Secure funding
               to imple-                                   Total grant/NIP/CIP
Funding &                         Amount of funding al-                             Increased fund-
               ment bicycle,                               dollars allocated to
Implementa-                       located to bicycle and                            ing; increased     Annually         Grant Coordinator
               pedestrian and                              bike, ped, and SRTS
tion                              pedestrian projects                               funding sources
               safe routes to                              projects in 2011/12.
               school projects

                                                                                                              Draft Monterey on the Move | 53
Funding & Implementation
                                                            ·	 Connectivity & Accessibility – Does the
                                                               project improve connectivity or access to
Federal transportation bill MAP 21 cut funding for             the following trip generators likely to have
pedestrian and bicycle projects and made them                  high pedestrian and bicycle volumes or
more competitive. MAP 21 sunsets in 2014 and                   serve special needs users:
until then efforts should be focused on finding lo-                o Academic Institutions – K-12 schools,
cal sources of funding for bicycle, pedestrian and                     colleges, universities
transit projects.                                                  o Community Facilities – libraries,
       Local, regional, state and federal funding sources              community centers, post offices,
                                                                       parks, beaches, wharfs

                                                                   o Health Services – hospitals, health
            o Neighborhood Improvement Program

                                                                       clinics, child care centers, senior cen-
            o Capital Improvement Program

                                                                       ters, senior housing
            o Bicycle Transportation Account
            o SR2S

                                                                   o Retail – restaurants and stores
            o TDA 2%

                                                                   o Entertainment centers – movie the-
            o TE

                                                                       aters, convention centers, museums,
            o RSTP

                                                                       aquarium, fairgrounds, performance
            o Foundations

            o Recreational Trails Program – Federal

       Community Transformation Grants (CTG) – pedes-              o Housing – apartments, condomini-

                                                                       ums, senior housing
       Healthy Community Design Initiative (Health Impact

       Assessments)                                                o Transportation Facilities – transit
       Development Fees                                                stations/stops, pedestrian plazas,

                                                                       Recreation trail
                                                            ·	 Multimodal – Does the project positively af-

                                                               fect multiple modes of transportation in an
Prioritization	of	Projects

Projects were prioritized based on safety, clos-               area or along a corridor?
ing gaps within the network, improving access               ·	 Encouragement – Does the project or pro-
or connectivity to major trip generators or for                gram contain an encouragement component
special needs users, enhancing multiple modes of               that will increase bicycling, walking or rid-
transportation, and encouragement. The ease of                 ing transit? Does it enhance the attractive-
implementation and available or potential funding              ness of an area for pedestrians or bicyclists?
was also considered in prioritizing short-term and          ·	 Readiness/Funding Availability – Does
long-term projects. These criteria were derived                the project require multiple steps and
from collision data, traffic counts, speed surveys             processes to implement such as surveying,
and community input.                                           design, environmental review, etc? Is the
    ·	 Safety – Does the project improve the safety            project eligible to receive funding from a
       of users through physical improvements,                 source outside of the City such as a state or
       education or enforcement? (based on Mon-                federal grant, private foundation or asso-
       terey Police Department collision data and              ciation? The complexity of the project and
       community survey results)                               funding will determine how long it will take
    ·	 Close Gaps – Does the project link two or               to implement. Some projects such as strip-
       more existing or proposed paths?

                                                                           Draft Monterey on the Move | 54
ing bicycle lanes and installing bicycle racks
will be easier to implement than construct-
ing sidewalks, curb extensions or round-

                                                 Draft Monterey on the Move | 55
Master Project List

                  Draft Monterey on the Move | 56
                                                                                     MONTEREY ON THE MOVE MASTER PROJECT LIST
                                                                                                   Improvements                                                Facilities Directly Served by Improvement

                                                                                     Close   Connectivity &                            Commercial/Em Schools/Coll Parks/ Recreation/      Public                    Beach/ Coastal
                                                                            Safety                            Multimodal   Readiness                                                                    Family
                                                                                     Gaps       Access                                 ployment Areas   eges         Open Space          Facilities                    Access
Priority                        Project                          Type                                                                                                                                 Residential
           Del Monte Recreation Trail Improvements
 LOW       (widening) La Playa St to Wharf I; Wharf 1 to      bicycle/ped                                         X                          X             X                X                X             X              X
           Aquarium (where feasible)
           Fremont Bikeway and pedestrian improvements
 LOW       (on north side of Fremont from Camino Aguajito     bicycle/ped
           to Camino El Estero)
           Bicycle Detection at Fairgrounds/Garden Rd for
 LOW                                                            bicycle                                           X                          X
           Bicyclists turning left onto Garden Rd
           Bicycle Detection at intersections along N.
 LOW       Fremont; esp for Bicycles turning left onto Casa     bicycle       X                                                              X             X                X                X             X
           Verde from N. Fremont
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Need RFP for
 LOW       Rec Trail/Lighthouse Curve Bike/Ped Connection                     X                                               X              X             X                X                X             X
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     design ideas
           Reeside Contra-Flow Bicycle lane from
 LOW       Hawthorne to Foam St; Bicycle detection at           Bicycle
           Reeside/Lighthouse & Reeside/Foam
           Van Buren/Artillery Connection Improvements
 LOW       for bicycle and ADA access Phase II (Switch-back   bicycle/ped     X                    X              X                          X             X                X                X
           ramps or new bridge)
           New Monterey Sidewalk Gaps (Laine/Drake,
 LOW                                                             Ped                  X            X                                         X             X                X                X
 LOW       Calle Principal/Del Monte audible countdown           Ped          X                    X                          X              X             X                X                X             X
 MED       Church Street Sidewalks                            Ped/SRTS        X       X            X                                         X             X                X                X             X
 MED       Franklin Sidewalk                                  Ped/SRTS        X       X            X                                         X             X                X                X             X
           Van Buren/Artillery Connection Improvements
 MED                                                          bicycle/ped     X                                               X              X             X                X                X
           for bicycle and ADA access Phase I
           Park Avenue/Recreation Trail Crossing
 MED                                                          bicycle/ped     X
           Figueroa/Recreation Trail Crossing
 MED                                                          bicycle/ped     X                                   X                          X             X                X                X             X              X
           Improvements, re-route rec trail/roundabout?
           Sloat Ave/Fifth Street Curb Extensions crossing
 MED                                                             Ped          X                                                                            X
           treatments and lighting
           Garden Road/Fairground Rd Sidewalk and Class
 MED                                                             Ped                                              X           X              X                              X                X
           II/Class II Bicycle markings
 MED       Foam Sidewalk Gap                                     Ped                                                          X              X                              X                X
 MED       Jocelyn Canyon Bicycle Route                         Bicycle       X       X            X                                         X             X                X
           East Downtown Bicycle Boulevard Signage,
 HIGH      striping and stop control warrant study(Along        bicycle       X       X            X              X                          X             X                X                X             X              X
           Third and Pearl from Sloat to Van Buren)
           N. Fremont Bicycle Lanes and Boulevards
           (Signage, striping, and intersection widening)
 HIGH      Class II lanes: N. Fremont, Fairgrounds;             bicycle       X       X            X                                         X             X                X                X             X
           Bikeways: Casanova Ave, Airport, Casa Verde,
           English, Montecito
                                                                                                      Improvements                                                Facilities Directly Served by Improvement

                                                                                        Close   Connectivity &                            Commercial/Em Schools/Coll Parks/ Recreation/      Public                    Beach/ Coastal
                                                                               Safety                            Multimodal   Readiness                                                                    Family
                                                                                        Gaps       Access                                 ployment Areas   eges         Open Space          Facilities                    Access
Priority                        Project                            Type                                                                                                                                  Residential
           New Monterey Bicycle Boulevard, Signage,
 HIGH      striping, warrant study for stop controls (Laine,      bicycle        X       X            X                                         X             X                X                X             X
           Hoffman, Reeside, Hawthorne)

 HIGH      Hawthorne/Bolio Bicycle/Pedestrian Connection        bicycle/ped      X       X            X              X           X              X             X                X                X

           Cannery Row/New Monterey Recreation Trail
 HIGH                                                           bicycle/ped      X                                   X                          X             X                X                X             X              X
           Crossing Safety and Lighting Improvements
           Casa Verde/Recreation Trail Bicycle crossing
 HIGH                                                           bicycle/ped      X                                   X           X              X             X                X                X             X              X
           Wave St Bicycle Boulevard (signage, stop
 HIGH                                                             Bicycle        X       X            X
           warrant study, paint)
 HIGH      English/Recreation Trail Access improvements         bicycle/ped      X       X            X              X           X              X                              X                X             X              X
 HIGH      Soledad Drive Sidewalk                                                X       X            X                                         X             X                X                X
           Intersection reconstruction Soledad/Munras;
           Soledad Dr & Munras Bicycle Lanes and
 HIGH                                                           Bicycle/ped      X       X            X              X                          X             X                X                X
           Pedestrian infrastructure (calss II lanes/sidewalk
           and ADA ramps)
           Soledad/Soledad/Mar Vista Roundabout and             Pedestrian/S
 HIGH                                                                            X       X            X                                                       X                X
           sidewalk                                                 RTS
           Laine St sidewalk maintenance (Dickman,
 HIGH                                                           Pedestrian       X                                                              X             X                X                X
           Hoffman & David)
 HIGH      Old Town ADA Improvements                            Pedestrian       X                    X                          X              X             X                X                X             X
           Casanova/Melway Cir curb extensions and
 HIGH                                                           Pedestrian       X                    X                          X              X                              X                              X

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