Heifer Clusters00001 by keralaguest

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									Project Name                                       Name of Department
Heifer Clusters                              Animal Husbandry




                        PROJECT PROFILE


                               ON


                        Heifer Clusters



                           Prepared by:


                  Department of Animal Husbandry
                       Government of Kerala




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Project Name                                                                      Name of Department
Heifer Clusters                                                            Animal Husbandry
                    PROJECT PROFILE FOR HEIFER CLUSTERS




INTRODUCTION

        The State’s majority of livestock farmers are either agricultural laborers or marginal farmers
who depend on their livelihood from their livestock, hence they tend to evade from proper
managemental practices especially in rearing of calves. Nearly two lakh female calves are born in the
state each year, but only less than 30% attain its productive stage at the prescribed period of time.
Poor management, poor feeding attribute to delayed age at puberty, age at first calving and poor
production. The rest of the born calves either die or end up for slaughter. Since the calves do not
give proper returns and maintenance of calves is costly, many farmers leave the avocation.
Ultimately the State loses good genetically productive calves. Since the state is deficient in
production of feed and fodder, the demand is met from the neighboring states, which ultimately hike
the price, causing more burden on the farmer. The state at present faces shortage of milk. By the end
of 11th five year plan it is envisaged to increase the production of milk to 35 lakh metric ton. The
State has a food security programme in which milk, meat and egg are the major components to be
produced in our state to attain self-sufficiency. Since calves are the future herd, a sound and healthy
stock is to be brought up.



MARKET
        The dairy sector offers a good opportunity for those who are looking for new and expanding
markets. While the agriculture sector is more or less stagnant, the dairy sector has gained some
momentum. India‘s milk production is expected to grow at about 3 per cent per annum. However,
due to increasing population, the per capita availability of milk is expected to increase by only about
1.5 per cent per annum. For an economy growing at about 8 per cent per annum, this increase in
availability will be grossly inadequate. Rate of production growing at only 3 per cent and
consumption growing at more than double the rate leads to a mismatch between demand and supply.
The concept of farm fresh milk is growing at a high pace now. This will also help to find market for
the milk that will be produced when the heifers reared under this scheme will become milch cows and
start producing.




MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Cattle shelter

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Project Name                                                                      Name of Department
Heifer Clusters                                                            Animal Husbandry
       1.  Shed should be on dry, properly raised ground.
       2.  Avoid water logging, marshy and heavy rainfall areas.
       3.  The walls of the sheds may be 2.5 to 3 metres high.
       4.  The walls may be plastered to make them damp proof.
       5.  The roof may be 3 to 4 metres high.
       6.  The floor may be pucca/hard, even non slippery impervious, well slopped (3 cm per
           metre) and properly drained to make it dry and clean.
       7. Provide 0.25 metre broad, pucca, drain at the rear of the standing space.
       8. A standing space of 6 X 4 feet for each animal is needed.
       9. The manger space may be 1.05 metre with front height of 0.5 metre and depth of 0.25
           metre.
       10. Drain urine into collection pits and then to the field through irrigation channels.


PROJECT PARAMETERS

One unit =50 Heifers with facilities for shelter and fodder cultivation
Total= 20 units

DATA ASSUMPTIONS
  1. Number of heifer in a unit                                     50
  2. Cost of heifer                                                Rs 15000
  3. Transportation cost                                           Rs 1500 per animal
  4. Floor space requirement in sq.ft                               65
  5. Construction of cattle shed                                    Rs 100 per sq.ft
  6. Cost of fodder cultivation accessories                         Rs 70000
  7. Cost of feed per Kg                                           Rs 13.5
  8. Insurance charge                                              5.5%
  9. Number of days lactation                                      300
  10. Dry period days                                              60
  11. Dry period feed requirement in kg                            3
  12. Cost of milk per litre                                       RS 20
  13. Milk yield in liters                                         15
  14. Sale of manure / mt                                          500


   • Capacity
An increase of 30 lakh tonnes of milk per year is expected. 500 female calves will be born every year


   •   Land

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