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					BOOK2     NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3

        Unit Three
BOOK2              NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3

                 Teaching Objectives

  1. Enlarge vocabulary
  2. Talk about marriage across the nations
     and what counts in a successful
     marriage.
  3. Learn to read for main ideas
  4. Word building: the suffixes –al, -ing and
     -age are added to verbs to form nouns.
BOOK2               NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3




        Section A


        Marriage Across the Nations
BOOK2               NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
                Background Information

 1. Weddings in The United States (1)
      Weddings in the United States vary
   as much as the people do. There are
   church weddings with a great deal of
   fanfare; there are weddings on mountain
   tops with guests barefooted; and there
   have been weddings on the ocean floor
   with oxygen tanks for the guests.
       But many weddings, no matter where
         or how they are performed, include
         certain traditional customs.
BOOK2                NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
                  Background Information


   1. Weddings in The United States (2)

        Before a couple is married, they become
        engaged.And then invitations are sent to
         those who live nearby, their friends and
         their relatives who live far away. When
        everything is ready.
        Then comes the most exciting moment.
BOOK2               NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
                     Background Information



  1. Weddings in The United States (3)
    The wedding itself usually lasts between 20
 and 40 minutes. The wedding party enters the
 church while the wedding march is played. The
 bride carrying a bouquet enters last with her
 father who will "give her away". The groom
 enters the church from a side door.
     When the wedding party is gathered by the
 altar, the bride and groom exchange vows.
BOOK2             NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
                Background Information


   注解:
   1. wedding march:婚礼进行曲。在教堂举行的婚
     礼,通常是新娘的母亲和新郎的父母先就座后,奏乐
     开始,牧师向大家致意。接着奏婚礼进行曲,婚礼一
     行人进入教堂,新娘挽着她的父亲要最后进来。

   2. give her away:把新娘交给新郎。give away常用
     的意思是“分发、泄露、出卖”。但它也有一个专门
     的
     意思就是指“在举行婚礼时把新娘交给新郎”。如:
     Mary was given away by her father.
BOOK2                 NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
                    Background Information


   2. Why carry flowers?

             Historically, flowers & herbs
        have played a significant role in the
        attraction of "good" and/or the
        warding off of "evil". Greeks used ivy
        for the sign of lasting love. Today,
        pretty wedding flowers convey a
        message of fertility and enduring
        love and romance.
BOOK2              NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
                 Background Information



   3.Why is the bride given away?
         In days of old, the bride was
     literally given to the groom in an
     arranged marriage. Today "giving
     away" is seen as symbolic of her
     parent's support for her union.
BOOK2                  NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3               Background Information

  Discussion
What personal information (race, nationality, etc)
             do we know about Mark?




        What was Gail’s mother worried about?



        According to Gail’s father, why did Mark
                  want to marry Gail?
BOOK2               NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3   Warming-up Activities
   Questions & Answers

   1. How does Mark feel about his
       relationship with gail?
   2. What did Mark and Gail learn from
       their racial and cultural differences?
   3. According to Para 4, why are Gail’s
      parents, after 35 years of marriage,
      going through a bitter and painful
      divorce?
   4. What was Gail’s mother’s reaction when
      Gail discussed their wedding plans with
      her family?
BOOK2            NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
                 Warming-up Activities




   5. When Gail’s father learned of
      Mark’s problems in getting
      citizenship, what was his reaction?
   6. According to Para 14, how did
      Gail’s father try to persuade Gail
      to put off their decision until
      later?
   7. Why did Gail’s father suggest
      that Gail be realistic?
BOOK2                       NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3   Warming-up Activities

 Read the following statements. Are they true
 (T) or (F) according to the text?
    1. The writer is a black. He is not an American
        citizen.
    2. From the text, we know that Gail and Mark
       didn’t have any problems in their relationship
       even though they came from different races
       and cultures.
    3. Gail’s parents’ divorce had a negative effect
       on her relationship with Mark.
BOOK2                 NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
                   Warming-up Activities
Unit3
    4. Gail’s mother counseled Gail to be really
        sure she was doing the right thing because
        the mother harbored reservations about a
        mixed marriage.
    5. The reason why Gail’s parents got divorced
        is that the father was not intelligent,
        charming and caring at all.
    6. According to the father, people are very
       tolerant towards children from mixed
       marriages.
BOOK2               NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
          Vocabulary and Structure
   1. compromise: an agreement made between two
     people or groups in which each side gives up
     some of the things they want so that both
     sides are happy at the end.
     妥协,折中,互让,和解
     e.g. After long talks the two sides finally
          reached a compromise.
         双方经过长期的商谈终于达成了妥协。
     e.g. In any relationship, you have to make
          compromises.
         在任何关系中,人们都做出让步
BOOK2                    NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
    2. llusion: a false idea, belief or impression
                幻觉,错觉
       e.g. I have no illusion about his honesty.
            我对他的诚实不抱幻想。
    3. compatible: (of people, ideas, differences, etc.)
       suitable; able to exist together; (of equipment)
       able to be used together
       合得来的,情投意合的;兼容的,配套的
       e.g. I have never seen two people who were more
            compatible. 我从未见过两个人能如此般配。
BOOK2               NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
   4. overlook: fail to see or notice
      没注意到,忽略
      e.g. You have overlooked several mistakes
           in his work.
           你忽略了这项工作中的几个错误。
      e.g. The secretary is very careful and
           never overlooks any little points.
           秘书很细心,从不放过任何细小问题。
BOOK2                NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
    5. congratulation: (~s) words that
      show pleasure about one’s good
      fortune or success
     (用以向人祝贺)祝贺,恭喜,道喜
      e.g. Congratulations on your exam
           results! 祝贺你考出了好成绩!
      e.g. Congratulations on your marriage! 恭
           喜你们喜结良缘!
      e.g. offer one’s congratulations on her
           success 对她的成功表示祝贺
BOOK2                   NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
   6. counsel: give advice to sb 建议,劝告,忠告;为
       (某人)提供帮助(或专业咨询)
       e.g. He counseled us to give up the plan. 他建议我
            们放弃此项计划。
      e.g. Most experts counsel caution in such cases.
           大多数专家建议在这样的情况下要谨慎从事。
   7. reservation: a feeling of doubt about a plan or an
       idea 保留意见,疑惑
       e.g. I have some reservations about his story.
           我不大相信他说的话。
       e.g. The shopkeeper had a few reservations
            about hiring a former convict.
            店主对聘用刑满释放人员有些疑虑。
BOOK2                    NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3

     8. at one’s worst: showing the most unpleasant
        side of sb 最差的时候,最糟糕的时候
        e.g. He is at his worst today. 他今天状态很差。
        e.g. If this is him at his best, I’m curious to see
             him at his worst. 如果这是他最好的一面,我
             很好奇他最差的一面会是什么样的。
   9. ups and downs
      e.g. Full of ups and downs as life is, my
      consistent reaction to it is to delete yesterday’s
      trouble, input today’s confidence, and set
      tomorrow’s goal.
         人生虽然充满着变数,而我不变的应对策略是删除
         昨天的烦恼、输入今天的信心、设置明天的目标。
BOOK2               NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
   10. to confront the weaknesses and
       strengths
       e.g. Confronting each other’s weaknesses,
            a couple should learn how to be
           tolerant; and, in response to each
           other’s strengths, both should also
           learn how to be appreciative.
          面对彼此的弱点, 夫妻要学会宽容; 看到彼
          此的长处也要学会欣赏。
BOOK2           NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3

   11. to enhance our relationship
   e.g. Far from preventing their
       everyday contacts, the cultural
       differences enhanced their
       feeling of love for each other.
      文化差异非但不妨碍他们的日
      常交往,反而增进了彼此间的爱慕
      之情。
BOOK2                NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
   12. to be open with each other
    e.g. Faced with the differences of
         opinions, we should be open with each
         other rather than feel doubtful about
         one another. 面对意见分歧,我们要开诚
         布公,而不是相互猜疑。
   13. to be so involved with sth.
   e.g. To our worry, many middle school
         students are too involved with computer
        games to mind their studies.
       令我们担心的是,许多中学生热衷于电脑游
       戏,以致不专心学业。
BOOK2                    NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
    14. to have no illusions about
    e.g Confronted with strong resistance from all sides,
       she still harbored sweet illusions about this
       marriage, which confirms the saying “Love makes
       one too blind to be wise”. .尽管遭到来自各方面的
        强烈反对,她对这桩婚事仍抱有甜蜜的幻想,这正
       应了“爱令智昏”的说法。
    15. to hold… for sb.
    e.g. Everyone expects a bright future, but what the
         future life will hold for him depends much on
         what he does today. 人人都期盼自己前程光明,但
         未来的生活是什么在很大程度上取决于每个人今天
         所做的。
BOOK2                    NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
    16. to take the time to do sth.
    e.g. To our great delight, an increasing
          number of parents are ready to take
          more time to improve their children’s
          mental health.
          很令人欣慰的是,越来越多的父母舍得花
          更多时间去改善子女的心理健康。
    17. in the expectation that…
    e.g. Many students graduate from college in
         the expectation that they can soon land jobs
        after their own hearts; but in most cases things
         go contrary to their wishes. 许多学生从大学毕业
       时, 就指望不久能找到称心的工作;但常常是事与愿
       违。
BOOK2                    NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
    18. together with
    e.g. Poverty, together with lack of knowledge, made
         a terrible dream of the life in past. But today,
         prosperity, along with the progress of science,
         brings people the hope for new life. 贫穷和无知
         使过去的生活难以回首。而今天,繁荣和科学的进
         步给人们带来了新生活的希望。
    19. to make everything work out right
    e.g. The government relief can only help you tide
         over the most pressing need but can never make
         everything work out right for you. 政府的救济只
         能帮你渡过燃眉之急,而不能为你解决一切问题。
BOOK2
 Book 2              NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
 Unit 1

     20. to have an effect on
     e.g. A growing body of evidence shows that
          what parents say and do has a subtle
          effect on their children. 越来越多的证据
         表明,父母的言行对子女有潜移默化的影响。
     21. to meet with some resistance
     e.g. For your life to meet with success, you
          need to renew your knowledge and
          improve your adaptability to society
          constantly. 要使你的人生获得成功,你需要
          不断地更新知识、提高适应社会的能力。
BOOK2                   NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
   22. to be supportive of
   e.g. People from all walks of life are very supportive
        of the government’s decisions aimed at
        combining economic development with
        environmental protection. 社会各界对政府旨在将
        经济发展与环境保护结合起来的决策表示极大的支
        持。
   23. to start with
   e.g. To start with, he walked in the park for a while
        every morning, and then a month later he began
        to jog. 起初,他每天早晨在公园散散步,过了一
        个月他开始做慢跑运动。
BOOK2                NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3                 Text Analysis

   What is the text mainly about?
          Gail and Mark decided to marry
        despite their racial and cultural
        differences after being together for
        two years and getting to know each
        other better, but the plan met with
        opposition from the girl’s parents.
BOOK2                   NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
                       How is the text organized?


     The text falls into three parts: the mixed
   marriage of Gail and Mark, the reaction of Gail’s
   mother toward their wedding plans, and the
   response of Gail’s father toward their wedding
   plans.
       The text is a typical example of narration given
   in the first person. Through his narrative, the
   writer, a black man, tells the reader his mixed
   marriage and gives a vivid description of the
   attitudes of his girlfriend’s parents toward a mixed
   marriage.
BOOK2                           NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
        (Paras. 1-4)
           The mixed marriage of Gail and Mark




                       (Paras. 5-9)
                        The reaction of Gail’s mother
                       to the marriage




                               (Paras. 10-21) The response of
                               Gail’s father to the marriage
BOOK2                   NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
                        Vocabulary Test
Unit3
   Each of the following sentences is provided
   with four choices. Choose the one that best
   complete the sentence.
 1. The vast majority of people in any given culture
   will ____ to the established standards of that
          B
   culture.
       A. confine            B. conform
       C. confirm                  D. confront
                                A
 2. Some fish have a greater ____ for acid water
   than others.
        A. tolerance              B. resistance
        C. dependence             D. persistence
BOOK2              NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3               Vocabulary Test



             D
    3. He ____ to work hard until the final
       examination.
        A. detested       B. thought
        C. considered     D. resolved

    4. The leader of the police station
      gave an order to arrests all ___.
                                     D
        A. doubted           B. mistrusted
        C. unreliable        D. suspected
BOOK2                 NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3                  Vocabulary Test



                                 A
   5. As soon as he came in, he ___ to tell us all his
       troubles.
     A. proceeded        B. produced
     C. procedure        D. processed
   6. If a marriage is broken up, Americans would
                                       A
       usually go to court and seek a ____.
        A. divorce        B. separation
        C. division     D. isolation
BOOK2                  NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
                        Vocabulary Test
Unit3

           A
   7. She ___ them not to accept his
       explanation.
        A. counseled                      B. council
        C. cancelled                      D. confused
   8. Progress has been made towards a
                  B
       political ____ between the two nations.
       A. combine             B. compromise
       C. competition         D. composition
BOOK2                NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3                 Vocabulary Test




   9. The problem will be discussed at length in
        D
      ___ chapters.
       A. final
       B. late
       C. consequent
       D. subsequent
                               B
  10. Her services have been ___ by her superiors.
       A. overtaken
       B. overlooked
       C. overwhelmed
       D. overcome
BOOK2                NEW HORIZON COLLEGE ENGLISH
Unit3
 Assignment:
 1. To Review the Language Points
 2. Preview “Section B of Unit 3”, including
     reading skills, the passage and the related
     exercises.
 3. To do the relevant exercises in section A

				
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