Is assimilation inevitable? by XEQRBk4g


									             Immigration continued
•   Immigration laws
•   Assimilation
•   Illegal Immigration
•   Solutions

"Some people want it to
happen, some wish it would
happen, others make it
-Michael Jordan
                        Test 2
Question #7 missed by 60% of the class,
extra point given

Question #14 marked wrong accidently on scantron,
Extra Credit Power Point Option:
Sociologists to Know Extra Credit
5 minute Power Point Presentation (or

Select a sociologist (sign up in class next class)

Describe the following: brief background of their life, 2-3 major
contributions to sociology, how is their work relevant today?

4 points possible

Present on: Nov 5th, Nov 6th

Samples and details on website
Sociologists to choose from:

1. Emile Durkheim
2. Max Weber
3. Charles Horton Cooley
4. Karl Marx
5. Herbert Spencer
6. Harriet Martineau
7. Jane Addams
8 George Herbert Mead
9. W.E.B DuBois
10. Talcot Parsons
History of Discrimination in Immigration Law

National Origins Act 1924: Southern Europeans and East Asians
and Indians

1950’s eject suspected Communists from the country (
   History of Discrimination in Immigration Law
 The ethnic background of immigrants was particularly important
                   during times of national crisis

Great Depression: Mexicans and Mexican-Americans faced mass
deportation justified by economic problems

Post World War II: 1954 "Operation Wetback," President
Eisenhower a speculated 1 million Mexicans were deported along
with their U.S. born children in response to labor competition
Effects of Post 9/11 Security Measures
USA Patriot Act of 2001: put immigration under the control of
Department of Homeland Security
2003: Men from Pakistan and Saudi Arabia in US, legal
immigrants, had to register for the controversial National
Security Entry-Exit Registration System or face deportation.
What is assimilation?
                        I am a ...
1.   First generation immigrant (came to the U.S. not born here)
2.   Second generation (parents came to the U.S., born here)
3.   Third generation (grandparents came to U.S.)
4.   Family has been in the U.S. more than 3
1. Robert E. Park’s traditional assimilation theory
2. Milton Gordon’s contemporary views
3. Horace Kallen’s cultural pluralism
Robert Park’s traditional assimilation model,
assimilation occurs after 3 generations.
• 1st: struggle to learn the new way of their new country and
  hold on to many aspects of their culture.

According to Robert Park’s traditional assimilation model
• 2nd: attend public schools
       learn English better than their parents
       may move out of ethnically grouped neighborhoods
       marry someone outside of their race.
      Still seen as outsiders and may consider themselves outsiders
  as well

Robert Park’s traditional assimilation model
• 3rd: move completely into the mainstream of
   American life.
   learn a few words of language, recipes, proverbs, t will speak mostly

   Questions regarding their nationality will seldom arise

Robert Park’s traditional model,
  assimilation occurs after 3 generations.
• 1st: struggles to learn the new way

• 2nd: learn English better than their
  parents, may move out of ethnically        In your opinion or
  grouped neighborhoods, marry someone
  outside of their race. Still seen as
  outsiders                                  experiences has
                                             this been true?
• 3rd: move completely into the
  mainstream of American life.
    Criticism of traditional assimilation model
1. Ignores age of entry:        children who arrive at young age with
  parents may feel more like 2nd generation
    Criticism of traditional assimilation model
2. Ignores race: Does not accurately describe experiences of non-
   European groups in America.
     Criticism of traditional assimilation model
3. Ignores choice: Voluntary versus involuntary entrance (slavery)
   effect likelihood of following the 3 generation model
           Criticism of traditional assimilation model

4. Ignores group size,   concentrations, and time of entry

5. Ignores similarity between the    culture of minority
  and culture of the majority.
 Milton Gordon’s Contemporary Views on Assimilation

Gordon described 7
  different sub processes
  of assimilation
         Milton Gordon’s Contemporary Views on Assimilation

1. Cultural (practices and traditions)
2. Structural (schools, jobs, housing, recreational spheres of society)
3. Marital (acceptable partners)
4. Identificational (the group you identify with)
5. Attitudinal (prejudice)
6. Behavioral (discrimination)
7. Civic (political power, representation in politics) assimilation.
          Melting Pot vs. Salad Bowl

Italian    Cuban    Japanese   Italian          Cuban         Japanese

                                         Cultural Pluralism


Horace Kallen’s Cultural Pluralism
Minority groups should be accepted as completely
Americanized without being required to disappear as
distinctive groups.

Majority’s culture is added to the minority’s culture
rather than substituted

                                Italian          Cuban

                                          Cultural Pluralism
    Melting Pot vs. Salad Bowl

                                  Cultural Pluralism

Which do you feel is better for the United States?
  Where are most legal immigrants from?

                                              Top 10 in 2010
Source: U.S.
Department                      Dominican Republic
of Homeland
Immigrant does not = illegal immigrant

Illegal immigrants also called undocumented workers/
undocumented students

Remember immigrant does not =Latino/a
  What parts of the U.S. do most immigrants settle in? And why?

                                        Illinois   New York

                                                              New Jersey

 Push and Pull factors of Immigration into the U.S.

Push factors               Pull factors

poverty                    perception of endless
                           religious freedom
military draft
                           economic freedom
religious or political
                  ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION

Views for                       Views against
deportation of illegal          deportation of illegal
immigrants                      immigrants
Asylum may be granted due to
   Fear of return to country based on persecution
   related to:
   • race
   • religion
   • political opinion

  Must show:
• 10 years in U.S.
• Otherwise clean criminal record
• Relative who is a U.S. citizen would suffer
  exceptional and unusual hardship if deported
               Pros and Cons of the Solutions

(1) More border control.                      Reflection:
(2) Prevent employers from hiring
   undocumented immigrants.             a)Which do you think is
(3) Withhold government services        best? Why?
   from unauthorized immigrants.
(4) Grant workers a path to gain        b)Which do you think is
   citizenship or work permits.         worst? Why?
(5) Give police the authority and
   responsibility to identify illegal
                                        c) Can you think of
   immigrants (Arizona SB 1070)
                                        other pros or cons to
                                        any of the solutions?
Extra Credit Movie
Dolores Huerta- Co-founder of United Farm Workers Union
Due next week
Bring in a media image from a magazine (non-
pornographic) that you feel relates to issues of
Think of an open-ended question to ask the class
about the picture.
                                                       How do sexualized
•Type up the question. 4 points                        dolls like the Bratz
•You must be in class to earn full points          influence young girls?

Read Ch 9: p 210-215
                                Mid-term check in
Students who earn A’s :                         Students who don’t pass:
   Keep their goals in mind and work              Think they will pass without putting
    hard                                            in effort
   Read the syllabus carefully and regularly      Ignore the syllabus
   Read the text book and assigned
                                                   Don’t ever purchase the text book
   Attend every class, on time, stay the          Miss more than 2 classes
    entire class.                                  Come to class late
   Listen actively and take notes (using the      Daydream
    note taking guides)                            Do not participate
   Participate in class discussions every         Rarely or never check the course
    session                                         website
   Check the course website regularly
                                                   Never ask questions
   Ask questions
   Take advantage of all the extra credit         Do not take advantage of extra credit
   Turn in all assignments on time                Miss multiple assignments, turn in
   Use the test study guides                       assignments late
   Read the scoring rubrics carefully before      Do not prepare for tests
    writing papers                                 Do not read paper scoring rubrics
   Review the Power Points posted on the
                                                   Do not review Power Points on
    course website
   Prepare for the Final ahead of time             website
          Students who succeed in this class

                                      Check syllabus
 Go to class                           and website

                                       Study for tests
Pay attention and
                                        and use the
                                       scoring guides
                         Do the
        The time to improve your grade is now
      Don’t be this guy at the end of the semester

  But I really
                                       I’m only 1 point
 needed an A
                                       away from a C,
to transfer to
                                       can’t you round
                                        my grade up?

But I really need
 to pass to stay
   eligible for                       I didn’t know that
   basketball/        But things      I wasn’t passing.
     football/        have been
   track…etc.              so
                       at home.
  The best way to improve/maintain
 your grade is to follow the syllabus:
1. Come to class prepared and participate
2. Study for quizzes
3. Put time and effort into papers, use scoring
     Mid-term reflection purpose
 Let you know the grade you are earning in the course
 Find out what your future goals are
 Help you see exactly what you can be doing to maintain or
  improve your grade
 Wake-up call if you are unhappy with your grade
 Use this for other classes you are in
• Learning combination 10-24-7

• Moves information into your long term
      Which of these do you think best explains
             treatment of immigrants?
1) Cultural Transmission: focuses on how prejudice is transmitted
   through culture from generation to generation through family
   and/or media.
2) Group Identification Theory: focuses on how prejudices are tied
   in with an individual’s racial and ethnic group membership.
3) Personality theories: assert that those with high levels of
   frustration or authoritarian personalities have higher tendencies
   of holding prejudice beliefs.
4) Frustration-aggression hypothesis: ethnic prejudices develop in
   response to people’s need to cope with the frustration in their
   daily lives.
(ICE= United States
Immigration and Customs
        Timeline of significant U.S. Immigration Laws

Texas Proviso 1952: makes harboring an illegal entrant a felony, but
does not punish those who employ them.
Immigration Act of 1965: abolished the national origins quota
 Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986: made it illegal for
employers to knowingly hire illegal immigrants.
Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996:
authorized more Border Patrol agents and a triple fence along the San
Diego border,
USA Patriot Act of 2001: put immigration under the control of the
newly created Department of Homeland Security (Kimer, 2005)
Real ID Act May 2005: prohibits undocumented immigrants from
holding a driver’s licenses
Bill 4427 December 2005: Made remaining in the U.S. as an
undocumented immigrant a federal felony (
      Source: NACLA Report on the Americas; Jul/Aug2005, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p34-35, 2p
Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security

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