Personal Protective Equipment
1. LP-Gas transfer training: 8 CCR ' 472(a). Filling of LP-Gas
(propane) fueled lift trucks shall be restricted to qualified attendants.
The qualified attendant=s instructions shall be in writing and shall be
documented including the signatures of the instructor and student
and shall be based on at least a certain set of specified instructions
(see Appendix P).
2. Used lifelines: 8 CCR ' 1670(f). Safety belts, lanyards and lifelines
subjected to in-service loading shall immediately be removed from
service and shall not be used again for employee fall arresting
devices. Ensure that ropes (lifelines) used with safety belts are
either new or dedicated to the fall arrest equipment.
3. Approved personal protective equipment (PPE): 8 CCR ' 3380(a).
Head, eye, body, hand, and foot protection shall be of the proper
type for the exposure and of such design, strength and quality as to
eliminate, preclude or mitigate the hazard. Note: In order that safety
devices or safeguards, which may include personal protective
equipment, be acceptable as to proper type, design, strength and
quality they shall be at least equivalent to those complying with the
standards approved by The American National Standards Institute,
Bureau of Standards, or other recognized authorities, except that
where no authoritative standard exists for a safety device or
safeguard, the use of such safeguard or safety device shall be
subject to inspection and acceptance or rejection by the Division.
4. Personal protective equipment use: 8 CCR ' 3380(c). Workers shall
be instructed and use PPE according to the manufacturer=s
instructions and product labels.
5. Personal protective equipment condition: 8 CCR ' 3380(d). The
employer shall assure that employee-owned personal protective
equipment complies with standards and regulations prescribed in
Title 8. The employer shall assure this equipment is maintained in a
safe, sanitary condition.
6. Head protection: 8 CCR ' 3381(a). Employees subject to falling
objects and burns shall be safeguarded by approved head
protection. Typical cotton gin activities do not require approved head
protection, i.e. hard hats. Even though bump caps are considered
no different (from a regulatory standpoint) than straw hats or
baseball caps, experience has shown the bump cap to be effective in
preventing bumps, scratches and burns and are therefore suggested
to control potential workers' compensation claims. This is particularly
true if your gin has many low overhead obstructions.
7. Eye and face protection: 8 CCR ' 3382(a). Eye protection shall be
worn during compressed blow down, grinding activity and welding.
The necessity for requiring eye and face protection during typical
ginning operations should be based upon supervisory judgment
considering the following indicators: at the press when bale ties are
breaking or a particularly dusty bale packaging is being used, and
during extreme environmental conditions such as wind-blown dust.
8. Loose clothing: 8 CCR ' 3383(b). Clothing appropriate for the work
being done shall be worn. Loose sleeves, tails, ties, lapels, cuffs, or
other loose clothing which can become entangled in machinery shall
not be worn.
9. Prohibited glove use: 8 CCR ' 3384(b). Hand protection, such as
gloves, shall not be worn where there is a danger of the protection
becoming entangled in machinery or material. Press workers and
others wearing gloves must remove them when working around
saws or helping to unchoke at feed rollers, chains and sprockets, etc.
10. Jewelry: 8 CCR ' 3386(a). Wrist watches, rings, or other jewelry
should not be worn around machinery in which such objects may be
caught, or around electrically energized equipment.
11. PPE sanitation: 8 CCR ' 3387. Personal protective equipment shall
be capable of being cleaned easily and disinfected. The protectors
shall be kept clean and in good repair. Safety devices, including
protective clothing, shall not be interchanged among employees until
12. Fall protection: 8 CCR ' 1670(a). Approved safety belts and
lanyards shall be used by all employees whose work exposes them
to falling in excess of 7.5 feet. The lanyard is to be securely
anchored to a location that would limit the fall to 4 feet. Preplan the
gin and install eye bolts or other anchors where a worker might be
expected to tie off a safety belt. No make-shift belts are allowed.
Catenary lines or horizontal life lines should be used on roof
operations such as cleaning the roof following the ginning season. If
a second worker holds the opposite end of a life line, the life line
should be looped around a substantial support to enable playing out
the line as necessary and for quick response to a sudden tensioning
of the life line. Ropes and other lines used for lifting any other load
shall not be used as a lifeline.
13. Control of noise exposure: 8 CCR ' 5095(a). The scope of this
standard excludes agricultural operations from the hearing
conservation program - ' 5097, hearing protectors - ' 5098, noise
training program - ' 5099 and noise recordkeeping - ' 5100. Cotton
gins, for the purpose of this regulation, are considered agriculture.
However contradictory, 8 CCR ' 5096(b) requires that when
employees are subjected to sound levels exceeding 90 decibels,
averaged over 8 hours, feasible engineering or administrative (time
management) controls shall be utilized. Where this is infeasible,
personal protective equipment shall be provided and used.
Federally, gins have been cited under the general duty clause. This
has not been applied in California. If there is reason to believe your
gin is either significantly quieter or noisier than most gins, a noise
screening survey is advisable for both OSHA compliance and
workers' compensation claims control. Hearing protection is always
recommended while the gin is operating for those operating suction
pipes and working inside the gin.
14. Respiratory protective equipment: 8 CCR ' 5144(a). Approved
respirators shall be provided and employees shall use the respirators
when exposed to harmful dusts, mists, fumes, vapors or gases.
Common cotton gin operations including spray painting and welding
do not typically exceed the permissible 8-hour exposure limit.
Certain uncommon operations may require protection. The exposure
to cotton dust in the cotton gin has been excluded from the
substance specific cotton dust standard, 8 CCR ' 5190, that applies
to other cotton industry segments, e.g. textile mills, cottonseed
processing, garnetting, etc. California gin worker health studies
substantiate that there is not a significant risk of material health
impairment due to cotton dust in the cotton gin. However, because
of the gin's association with regulated cotton dust operations, if
respirators are provided, prudence suggests that only approved
respirators should be provided in the cotton industry. Approved
respirators are those approved by the National Institute for
Occupational Safety and Health. Single-use, disposable dust masks
with two straps can be such approved respirators for nuisance dusts;
cotton dust in gins would be considered a nuisance dust. Look for
the NIOSH approval on the box when purchasing dust masks. See
Appendix F, Cotton Gin Respiratory Program.
15. Label required protection: 8 CCR ' 5229. Employers shall provide
the personal protective equipment as indicated by a product label
and shall instruct employees in its proper use. Consider all products
including weed killers, insect sprays, penetrating fluids, degreasers,