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Organic Erosion Catastrophic Bee By Jake Whitney Population Decline May Be Related to Bt-Spliced GMO Crops 1 Note from Howard Vinegar Update 3 No Room in the Whole Foods Lifestyle for High Fructose Corn Syrup By Dr. Kellie Lancaster A recent question from a member got plants, but it works much better when me thinking about confusion that still mixed with seaweed, molasses and 4 Air Layering for Woody and Other exists about vinegars. Here’s the compost tea creating Garrett Juice. Hard To Root Plants question and the update. 6 Catastrophic Bee Population I no longer recommend 20% vinegar Decline May Be Related to Bt- Can you please tell me why there is or stronger vinegars at all. They are far Spliced GMO Crops vinegar in Garrett Juice? All of your too strong, cost too much and most of books, etc. say that vinegar is what if is made by diluting 99% glacial acid 7 Are Mobile Phones Wiping out our you use to KILL plant-life – and it which is a petroleum derived product. I Bees? being an anti-microbial, etc. I’m new have tried to talk suppliers of organic By Geoffrey Lean and Harriet at using Garrett Juice and products to stop selling this stuff, but Shawcross gardening, and really don’t wish to to date, it is still out there – so beware! 10 Organic Erosion injure or make it hard on any of my By Jake Whitney new plants & seedlings. Thanks for Vinegar Herbicide your help. I do love your books, 15 Recognizing Green List Pesticides your magazine & website. Take The vinegar herbicide mix can be for Use in Texas Schools care… Julie sprayed on grassy and broadleaf weeds, including those growing from 16 A Victorian Water Garden Vinegars can be used to kill or to the bases of trees and other woody By Matt Boring stimulate life and help plants. They plants. It will not hurt the woody plants also have many other uses. Vinegars at all. This technique was first learned that are 10% (100 grain) or stronger about by spraying the suckers and are used to kill pathogens (diseases weeds growing around the bases of 8 Creature Feature on plants) and even unwanted plants. grapevines. They should be made from grain 19 Organics in the News alcohol. Apple cider vinegar (5% or 50 Vinegar Herbicide Formula: 20 Organic Product & Services grain) on the other hand is used to stimulate life, provide trace minerals 1 gallon of 10% (grain alcohol) vinegar. 23 Little Sprouts and improve health. Apple cider vinegar functions as a mild fertilizer 1 ounce orange oil or d-limonene. 24 Question & Answers and lowers pH slightly, helping foliar 1 teaspoon liquid soap or other 26 Monthly Calender spray ingredients enter plant tissue surfactant such as Plant Wash. and be more effective. It is one of the 27 Plant of the Month most important ingredients in Garrett 1 tablespoon molasses. 28 Give a Gift Membership Juice. This natural apple cider vinegar can be used by itself at 1-2 Do not add water. tablespoons per gallon of water when watering potted Shake well before each spraying and spot spray weeds. Keep the spray off Straight vinegar is also great for desirable plants. This spray will injure cleaning the toilet rim. Just spray it on any plants it touches. I used to say and wipe off. Spray on shower doors, this natural spray works best on warm walls and floors and it doesn’t have to to hot days. More recent tests indicate be wiped off. that spraying done on overcast or cooler days might work as well or better to completely kill the weeds. Other Uses for Vinegar Cleaning Vinegar is a mainstay of the old folk recipes for cleaning and to kill bacteria, mold, and germs. Beautiful Skin Tip: Apple Cider Vinegar Excerpted from Anti-Wrinkle Treatments for Perfect Skin, by Pierre Jean Cousin. The use of vinegar with a variety of Heinz company spokesperson Michael plants or essential oils for cosmetic Mullen references numerous studies purposes can be traced back to the to show that a straight 5 percent Romans and was fashionable during solution of vinegar - such as you can the nineteenth century as vinegar de buy in the supermarket - kills 99 toilette. Vinegar has a tonic action that percent of bacteria, 82 percent of promotes blood circulation in the small mold, and 80 percent of germs capillaries that irrigate the skin. It is (viruses). He noted that Heinz can't also antiseptic, preventing the claim on their packaging that vinegar proliferation of bacteria, viruses, or is a disinfectant since the company yeast that triggers infection. It can has not registered it as a pesticide dissolve excessive fatty deposits at with the Environmental Protection the surface of the skin and reduce Agency (EPA). However, it seems to scaly or peeling conditions. Lastly, be common knowledge in the industry vinegar regulates the pH of the skin. that vinegar is powerfully antibacterial. Vinegar is most effective when used with lavender, rosemary, rose, or Keep a clean spray bottle filled with elder flower. It is essential to use top- straight 5 percent apple cider vinegar quality white wine or cider vinegar. in your kitchen and your bathroom, and use them for cleaning. Spray vinegar on cutting boards before going To use, add 1 teaspoon of apple cider to bed at night, and don't even rinse, to a cup of bottled or spring water to but let it set overnight. The smell of wash your face or pour 3-4 vinegar dissipates within a few hours. tablespoons into a bath. If that sounds like too much trouble, just rinse with apple cider after the shower. That’s what I do. General Information Vinegar is a wonderful organic tool that was discovered by accident ten thousand years ago In 1966 Americans consumed NO high responsible for glycosalation which is when wine was accidentally fructose corn syrup (HFCS). By 1970 literally the sugar coating of proteins, allowed to ferment too long and we consumed about 10 lbs. a year. In fats and other constituents of blood, turned sour. It can be made from 2001, we consumed on average 62.6 making them “sticky” and resulting in many products, including beer, lbs. per year! High fructose corn syrup malfunction. This leads to insulin apples, berries, beets, corn, fruits, became a cheap alternative to cane resistance or Diabetes. grains, honey, malt, maple syrup, sugar and sugar beets because corn melons, molasses, potatoes, rice, was a subsidized crop and corn syrup Why do we do this to ourselves? Many sorghum, and other foods was much sweeter than sugar. HFCS is people do this because they simply containing sugar. Natural sugars manipulated to be about 80% fructose. don’t have the facts. They assume that from these food products are In nature, most fruits split their glucose food production companies have their fermented into alcohol, which is to fructose ratio. The shift in the ratios best interest at heart and would use then fermented into vinegar. will cause (in moderate doses) liver and nothing that would harm them. This is pancreas damage which can lead to totally untrue. Huge food production Fruit vinegar is made from the bone loss, anemia, diabetes and heart companies and even some smaller fermentation of a variety of fruits. problems to name a few. ones have one thing in their sights – Apples are most commonly used, money. HFCS is cheap, addicting, and but grapes, peaches, berries and Researchers from the University of readily available as a food additive. It is other fruits also work. The Minnesota found that men with diets in many processed foods, all non diet product label will identify the high in fructose raise their plasma soft drinks, many “juice drinks” starting ingredients, such as triglycerides by 32%. Furthermore, marketed to children, salad dressings “apple cider vinegar” or “wine fructose doesn’t stimulate insulin and even pasta sauce. vinegar”. Malt vinegar is made secretion or increase leptin. Therefore, from the fermentation of barley it is reasonable to assume that it will How do we avoid this insulting barrage malt or other cereal grains. Sugar contribute to excessive accelerated on our health? By becoming a label vinegar is made from sugar, weight gain. This has been proven over reader, you will find how much HFCS syrup, or molasses. White, spirit, and over again as we see the Standard you are getting. If it is listed as an or distilled vinegar is made by American Diet (SAD) high in HFCS and ingredient, just pass it by. Better yet, fermenting distilled alcohol. more than half of the American quit eating processed foods all Distilled white vinegar is made population is overweight. together. You will feel better, you will from 190 proof alcohols that are loose weight and you will protect your fermented by adding sugar and High fructose corn syrup is also most vital asset - your health. living bacteria. Natural vinegar contains at least fifty trace minerals. Vinegar that is made from the petroleum derivative, 99% acetic acid, is not acceptable in an organic program. 1. For wounding woody plants such as magnolia, gardenia, rose, fig and similar plants make two parallel cuts about 1 1/2 inches apart around the stem and through the bark and cambium layer. Connect the two parallel cuts with one long cut (a) and remove the ring of bark (b), leaving the inner woody tissue exposed (c). Air layering is a useful method of reproducing plants by producing For wounding plants having less woody roots on the stems of shrubs, stems: (a) make a long upward cut from 1 trees and indoor landscape 1/2 to 2 inches long, almost to the center of plants. This method, developed the stem. and (b) Insert a wood sliver, centuries ago by the Chinese, toothpick into the wound to hold it open and has been used successfully as a prevent cut tissue from reuniting. Rooting mean of propagating some of the compounds are unnecessary. more difficult-to-root plants. The procedure is to wound the stem or branch of a plant and 2. Apply a handful of damp well broken enclose the wounded area with a down compost so that it envelopes the moist medium until roots develop wounded portion of the stem. Tying the from the wound. Success is organic material in place with string helps dependent upon keeping the keep it in position. The organic material rooting medium moist until the should be soaked thoroughly to insure that it roots are formed and large is completely moist. Squeeze out surplus enough to support the new plant. water, since excessive moisture can result in decay and deterioration of the plant tissue. Woody plants frequently propagated in this manner include magnolia, holly, camellia, azalea, 3. Use a sheet of polyethylene (plastic) film Japanese maple and many of the large enough to cover and wrap the ball of fruit and nut bearing plants such organic material using the butchers fold as citrus, apple, pears and (see insert) to secure a tight seal where the pecans. two ends of the sheet are joined. For best results, make air layers in the spring on shoots produced during the previous season or in mid-summer on mature shoots 4. Draw the upper end of the film snugly from the current season's growth. around stem making sure that none of the On woody plants, stems of pencil compost is exposed. Fasten it securely with size or larger are best. Thicker electrician’s tape. Repeat the procedure on stems on the more herbaceous the lower end, again making sure there is a plants. snug fit. Moisture must not escape and excess moisture must not enter from watering or rain. Some gardeners cover Steps for making a successful air everything with aluminum foil. layer the Natural Way are as follows: 5. After the new roots have penetrated the compost and are visible on all sides, the rooted branch may be removed from the parent plant. The rooting time will vary with plant variety as well as the season in which it is performed. 6. Remove the newly rooted plant from the parent plant with a knife or pruning shears, making the cut just below the ball of compost and roots. Carefully remove the polyethylene film. Without disturbing the roots or removing the organic material, plant in a container using a good potting mixture or plant in a well-prepared soil bed. 7. Place a plastic tent over the newly potted plant for 4 to 8 days until the root system is well established to help in preventing excessive loss of moisture. Keep the plant under a light shade and avoid direct sunlight until the new root system is well developed. Many plants are lost in the final stage of the process because the root system is not sufficiently developed to sustain the top of the new plant. By using the plastic tent or by keeping the new plant in a humid environment, it is possible to develop a good root system on rather large cuttings. Once the roots are well established, it is best to harden off the foliage by gradually exposing it to normal atmosphere. This can be done by cutting a few holes every few days in the plastic tent to reduce the humidity until it is similar to the external atmosphere. with a particular GE tomato and GE potato. Results showed damage to the musocal cell lining of the gut in both cases and abnormal development of body organs in the latter case. Other experiments on rats fed with GE peas that contained a gene from beans showed heightened allergenicity and immunogenicity. Genetic Scientist Warns of genetic engineering," continued Dr Risks of GE Pesticide Action Steinbrecher. "Allergic reactions can be anything from Network, Mar 28, 2007 rashes, sneezing and asthma to fatal She cited a disturbing development shocks in some cases," warns Dr. Dear Readers, This issue is so about honey bees in the U.S. Steinbrecher. catastrophic and it looks more and "Millions of these insects have more related to GE crops. Be sure disappeared over the last half year, Other possible impacts are gene silencing to see the article at http://www. their hives are empty. Bees are - ie. the plant that is being genetically used as pollinators for various crops engineered may 'silence' (turn off) that celsias.com/blog/2007/03/ and the value that they generate in particular gene permanently. Dr. 15/bee-colony-collaps... in the U.S. is estimated at over USD14 Steinbrecher explains, "In 1992, a study addition to the information below. was published about GE petunias in Peace, Thomas billion per year". The problem is so severe that it has been called the Germany. One summer, these GE Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). petunias started to produce white and 28 March 2007 - Seoul A - pink flowers instead of the characteristic "Nobody knows why the bees are "Genetic engineering is far from red ones. Investigations revealed that the dying. There is evidence though that precise", warns Dr Ricarda plant had somehow shut off the gene GE crops contribute to this, in Steinbrecher, consultant genetic producing red flowers. Again, this was a particular insect resistant crops scientist of Pesticide Action totally unexpected effect. Gene silencing producing the Bt-toxin. Though Network Asia and the Pacific and in GE plants has been repeatedly healthy bees do not seem to be also director of EcoNexus. "There observed. We now know that affected by Bt pollen, a scientist are a number of steps in the environmental factors as well as called Hans-Hinrich Kaatz in genetic engineering process and homologies of the GE gene and the Germany has found that bees most of them are subject to plant's own genes can trigger gene infested with parasites and fed with various uncertainties. A single silencing." Bt pollen were affected and died at gene mutation can have serious a high rate. Beekeepers have for effects - yet genetic engineering is She goes on to cite another disturbing years reported that honeybees all about creating mutations. The case in the U.S."In the U.S., a case suffer from high rates of parasites outcome can be tremendous, and reported in 1999, GE soya (resistant to and diseases. This resembles new totally unpredictable and the Roundup Ready herbicide) was found evidence that Bt pollen is a unexpected." to have inexplicably produced 20% more contributing factor in the death of the bees. The areas where the bees lignin. This caused the stems to become Dr Steinbrecher expressed her harder than normal. During one have disappeared have a lot of Bt disbelief that agri-business exceptionally hot summer, the stems crops being grown there. We don' t corporations could guarantee that cracked because they were too brittle and think this is a coincidence. No one genetically engineered (GE) food tough to expand in the heat. Fungus would ever have thought that this or crops are stable and safe when penetrated the cracks and this greatly could have been an outcome of Bt there are so many indications to affected the yield that summer." and yet here we are. Not only do we show they are not. "Besides not know exactly how this negative ecological, social and interaction happened, we don't The final word from Dr. Steinbrecher is economic effects of the genetic know how to deal with it or stop it or one of extreme caution: "The moral of all engineering of crops, from a even if we can." these cases is that from the scientific scientific perspective, there are angle, genetic engineering of crops is still health impacts, contamination Dr. Steinbrecher also cited a technology full of risks. Any number of effects and many scientific experiments with rats and mice fed uncertainties associated with totally unexpected things can plants can and will contaminate happen. Worse, once grown, GE natural varieties and this PESTICIDE ACTION NETWORK crops can contaminate the food contamination is irrevocable. The Tel: 604-6570271 or 604-6560381 supplies as just seen for two only fact we can be sure of is that Fax: 604-6583960 varieties of herbicide resistant rice we simply don't know enough to risk E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (LL601 & LL). Worse still, GE the consequences." Home Page: www.panap.net when mobile phones are placed nearby. Dr. Jochen Kuhn, who carried it out, said this could provide a "hint" to a possible cause. Dr. George Carlo, who headed a massive study by the U.S. government and mobile phone industry of hazards from mobiles in the Nineties, said: "I am convinced the possibility is real." It seems like the plot of a never found, but thought to die particularly far-fetched horror film. singly far from home. The Evidence of dangers to people from But some scientists suggest that parasites, wildlife and other bees mobile phones is increasing. But proof is our love of the mobile phone that normally raid the honey and still lacking, largely because many of the could cause massive food pollen left behind when a colony biggest perils, such as cancer, take shortages, as the world's harvests dies, refuse to go anywhere near decades to show up. Most research on fail. the abandoned hives. cancer has so far proved inconclusive. But an official Finnish study found that They are putting forward the The alarm was first sounded last people who used the phones for more theory that radiation given off by autumn, but has now hit half of all than 10 years were 40% more likely to mobile phones and other hi-tech American states. The West Coast get a brain tumor on the same side as gadgets is a possible answer to is thought to have lost 60% of its they held the handset. one of the more bizarre mysteries commercial bee population, with ever to happen in the natural 70% missing on the East Coast. Equally alarming, blue-chip Swedish world - the abrupt disappearance CCD has since spread to Germany, research revealed that radiation from of the bees that pollinate crops. Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Italy mobile phones killed off brain cells, Late last week, some bee- and Greece. And last week John suggesting that today's teenagers could keepers claimed that the Chapple, one of London's biggest go senile in the prime of their lives. phenomenon - which started in bee-keepers, announced that 23 of Professor Sir William Stewart, who has the U.S., then spread to his 40 hives have been abruptly headed two official inquiries, warned that continental Europe - was abandoned. Other apiarists have children under eight should not use beginning to hit Britain as well. recorded losses in Scotland, Wales mobiles and made a series of safety and north-west England. recommendations, largely ignored by The theory is that radiation from ministers. mobile phones interferes with The implications of the spread are bees' navigation systems, alarming. Most of the world's crops preventing the famously depend on pollination by bees. homeloving species from finding Albert Einstein once said that if the their way back to their hives. bees disappeared, "man would Improbable as it may seem, there have only four years of life left". is now evidence to back this up. Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) German research has long shown occurs when a hive's inhabitants that bees' behavior changes near suddenly disappear, leaving only power lines. Now a limited study at queens, eggs and a few immature Landau University has found that workers, like so many apian Mary bees refuse to return to their hives Celestes. The vanished bees are They have become a seriously over populated pest in Texas. The solution is for wild game to become legal to serve in restaurants. Order Artiodactyla: Family species include live oak, hackberry Cervidae: Cervus axix and sumac. Axis deer is native to India, where it is known as the "chital". It was introduced into Texas about 1932. In 1988, free-ranging herds were established in 27 counties of central and southern Texas. It now is found as a confined animal on ranches in 67 other Texas counties. Axis deer are the most abundant exotic ungulate in Texas. These animals are gregarious and usually are found in herds ranging Axis deer are found in secondary from a few animals to 100 or more. forests, broken by glades, with an In each herd the leader is usually understory of grasses and forbs, an old, experienced doe. Unlike which supply adequate drinking native deer, adult male axis deer water and shade. Usually normally are found living with herds avoiding rugged terrain, they feed of young and old animals of both on grasses at all seasons, sexes. Axis deer are more closely augmented with browsing. In allied to the North American elk Texas, they graze on grasses than to our native deer. Like some such as paspalum, switchgrass, elk, rutting male axis deer emit and little bluestem. Sedges are a bugle-like bellows, and both sexes favorite spring food. Browse have alarm calls or barks. 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Evans worries that the influx of these big companies - with their industrial production methods, profit obsession and political muscle - will dilute organic Will the term organic still mean eye toward becoming entirely standards and, potentially, render the anything when it's adopted organic. USDA stamp irrelevant. "If big business whole hog by behemoths such kills the name," Evans said, "why go as Wal-Mart? Lately, however, Evans has begun organic?" to wonder if the USDA "Certified AGRIBUSINESS Organic" stamp will be worth the He's not alone. Many critics foresee annual fee, which could run more erosion not only of organic standards but than $1,000. His pastures - the also of the movement's true ideals - Marin Sun Farms, in Point Reyes, largest certified organic acreage in which include localism and sustainability is a collection of ranches on more Marin County - may seem large, but as much as eschewing chemical than 2,000 acres of rolling, they are dwarfed by their corporate pesticides and synthetic fertilizers. certified organic pasture. All year counterparts. Indeed, a battle is raging in organic food long, cattle and chickens speckle the hills, free to roam and graze at production, and it has already split the their leisure. As Evans knows, organic food has industry: between those willing to become big business. According to sacrifice ideals for growth and those who the Organic Consumer's think organic should remain small, local The Hereford and Angus cows, in Association, sales could hit $18 and transparent. fact, are never confined. They are billion this year, with half coming grass-fed, except during winter, from conventional supermarkets. The 2006 Agriculture Appropriations Bill when they also eat hay and silage. Though still only about 2.5 percent hacked the split between these groups The chickens' typical diet of plants of the agricultural market, demand into a chasm. A rider on the bill legalized, and insects is supplemented with for organic has grown 20 percent for the first time, the use of synthetic organic grains, which they eat at annually in recent years, and most substances in the processing and post- night, in the winter and in of the top-selling brands are now harvest handling of organic foods. otherwise foul weather when kept owned by agribusiness behemoths. in their portable coops. When you imagine an organic cattle ranch, What particularly worries purists is that Marin Sun Farms is probably Dean Foods, for example, owns the rider was sponsored by the Organic pretty close to what you picture — White Wave (maker of Silk soymilk) Trade Association, a lobbying group that though maybe not exactly. and Horizon Organic, the No. 1- represents the interests of big selling organic brand across the corporations. And, though virtually all of country. Unilever owns Ben & the 38 synthetics are considered No synthetic fertilizers or chemical Jerry's Organic. Groupe Danone, a harmless — and in fact were already pesticides are used on the French corporation, recently bought being widely used — some believe that pasture, and the animals are Stonyfield Farm. Even Wal-Mart is codifying their use may pave the way for hormone- and antibiotic-free. But plunging deeper into the market, others that may not be so harmless. even though most of the land is announcing it would dramatically certified organic, the cows and increase its organic offerings. chickens raised there are not. Jim Riddle, former chairman of the USDA's National Organic Standards And if you think Evans' 2,000-plus Board, which advises the USDA in setting One reason is because the owner, organic acres is a lot, take a look at organic standards, said that what was David Evans, obtains cows from Earthbound Farm, which grew from most alarming about the rider was the partner ranchers who use a 2 1/2 acre raspberry and lettuce secretive method used to attach it. synthetic "wormers" to control farm to the largest organic produce According to Riddle, the rider (which is an parasites - a violation of organic operation in North America, with amendment to the 1990 Organic Foods standards. But Evans has been $350 million in annual sales and Production slowly accumulating a base herd with an Act) was snuck into the bill - decision. At issue is a category of inserted after an appropriation's synthetics known as "food contact a synthetic pectin he'd been using as a conference committee had substances." The USDA is currently thickening agent. It took some adjourned, in order for the allowing more than 600 of these in the experimentation, but eventually he corporations pushing the processing of organic foods - in discovered that apple pomace would amendment (Kraft Foods was a addition to the 38 synthetics legalized do the trick. leader) to avoid debate. This way, by the rider. Riddle said, "There's no author, no "I think any manufacturer of organic one to be held accountable." Not only would these FCSs be exempt products is terrified they won't be able from listing on ingredient labels, they to use synthetics," he said. "Because Brian Baker, research director for would not be required to be on the they are cheaper, and easier to handle. the Organic Materials Review national list - thus they'd be exempt If you're using pomace, as we are, Institute, described the rider issue from review or approval by the NOSB. well, every batch is a little bit different. as a "volatile situation" because of And, according to Riddle, some are So it can be a headache. But it is a organic consumers' dedication to toxins, such as dimethyl dicarbonate, natural, organic product, and I feel purity. He pointed out that after the an antimicrobial added to fruit juices much better about making jam this first set of organic standards were (even those that say "100 percent way." set in 1997, allowing for sewage juice"); and a substance containing sludge, irradiation and genetically methyl chloride, a flammable gas once Wal-Mart's burgeoning market modified organisms, the USDA used as a refrigerant. presence is another divisive issue. At a received more than 300,000 shareholder's meeting in early 2006, letters of protest from furious "There's no language in the Organic Chief Executive Officer Lee Scott consumers. Foods Production Act, the regulation declared that Wal-Mart would or the court ruling to empower this significantly increase its organic When asked about the long-term invisible allowance of substances that offerings. (These already make up a ramifications of the rider, Baker don't even appear on the national list," wide array, from milk and produce to said he wouldn't "take sides," said Riddle, "which never have been breakfast cereal and salsa.) The though he acknowledged it "could reviewed by the NOSB, and have announcement panicked critics who open the door" to other synthetics. never gone through a rule-making feared that Wal-Mart's business model process or even a public comment of low prices - Wal-Mart has said its The very existence of any period." goal is to sell organics for only 10 synthetics in organic food remains percent above conventional prices - unfathomable to some - perhaps Caren Wilcox, executive director of the would pressure organic suppliers to cut no one more so than Arthur OTA, would not comment on the rider corners, thereby diluting the label. Harvey, a 74-year-old blueberry because she was not with the farmer from Maine. A purist, organization when it was attached. In September, the Cornucopia Institute, Harvey believed that the organic She also declined to comment on the a Wisconsin watchdog group, standards of 2002, and their issue of "food contact substances" published an analysis of Wal-Mart's inclusion of a national list of because of Harvey's suit. She early influence on the organic market. allowable synthetics, violated the asserted, however, that "there has The study found that not only was Wal- original 1990 law, which he always been a place for synthetics" in Mart "cheapening the value of the believed banned all synthetics. In organic foods. She added that it would organic label" by sourcing most of its January 2005, a federal appellate "be impossible to produce" organics products from "industrial-scale factory court agreed with him. The court's without synthetics such as ozone, to farms and Third World countries," but ruling would have banned all resist bacteria; chlorine, a disinfectant; also - on multiple occasions and in synthetics had it not been for the and bleached lecithin and ascorbic multiple stores - labeling non-organic OTA rider. But Harvey didn't give acid. food as organic with misleading in- up; he found fault with the rider, store signs. too, and is back in court. Harvey disagrees. A producer of his own blueberry jams, Harvey was The study even discovered Wal-Mart Though a Maine district court motivated (during the brief period selling "organic" baby formulas dismissed his latest case in when it appeared synthetics would be containing synthetic ingredients November, Harvey is appealing banned) to find an organic alternative prohibited by U.S. organic standards. the to "This is disturbing and a serious standards to confine thousands of Currently, there are 40 accredited problem," Mark Kastel, co-founder cows in feedlot-like conditions with foreign certifying agents (and 55 of the institute, said in a little time spent grazing on pasture. domestic). But serious questions November news release (The law says cows must have remain about the integrity of the accompanying a legal complaint "access to pasture," but doesn't say process in some countries - especially to the USDA. "Consumers, who how much or how often.) China. The USDA, in fact, has yet to are paying premium prices in the make an inspection tour of what Kastel marketplace for organic food, "Wal-Mart's dependence on factory described as China's "government- deserve to get what they are farms," the study concluded, is a controlled certification system," even paying for." typical example of its "philosophy of though the United States is already sourcing products from the least importing huge amounts of Chinese In a recent interview, Kastel expensive supplier regardless of the organic products. speculated that the labeling impact on product quality, the problems, which he and his staff environment or our nation's workers." photographed, probably stemmed (When asked for comment, Joan more from detachment and a lack Shaffer, a spokeswoman for the of dedication to organics than Ronnie Cummins, executive director USDA, said that the associate deputy from purposeful deception. of the Organic Consumer's administrator of the NOP, Mark Association, echoed these criticisms. Bradley, would be flying to China later (Karen Burk, a Wal-Mart this year to conduct reviews.) spokeswoman, replied to the "When you get into bed with Wal-Mart, Proponents of small-scale organic say charges by saying, "we believe it you forget your ethics because of the foreign sourcing is a key factor in the to be an isolated incident should a money involved," Cummins said. "But dilution of the label, because green organic identifying tag be you simply cannot act in organic the transparency, another important inadvertently placed by or same way you did in conventional organic ideal, is lost. Knowing your accidentally shift in front of the because consumers are looking for farmer, visiting his ranch and seeing wrong item." She did not comment more than just low prices." how the food is grown - gathering any on the infant formula.) kind of story behind the food - becomes virtually impossible when Cummins added that even if the organics are obtained from overseas. The study also found that aforementioned practices by Wal- because of its stringent price Mart, Horizon and Aurora technically demands, Wal-Mart obtained little "I'd rather spend $5 on some locally fulfilled organic standards, they organic food from U.S. family- grown, organic strawberries than $2.50 nevertheless violated organic ideals scale farms, but most from major for some Chilean farmer's strawberries like animal rights and the preservation agribusiness companies, at Wal-Mart," David Evans said. "Why of fossil fuels. "How organic can food industrial-scale farms and foreign would I want to save $2.50 on those really be that is shipped halfway countries. Chilean strawberries when I don't really around the world?" he said. know how they were grown, under Kastel illustrated how Wal-Mart's what conditions or if they were really low-price-only policy has hurt Which brings up another concern: how grown organically?" small farmers and "cheapened" to insure that organic products grown the organic label. outside U.S. borders are actually organic. But, as even the most vehement critics After one of Wal-Mart's original of industrial organic concede, there are organic milk suppliers, Organic benefits to Wal-Mart's - and other big The USDA's National Organic corporations' - market presence. Valley - a co-operative of small Program is ultimately responsible for organic dairy farmers - refused to Perhaps the most significant is the the integrity of all organic food sold in removal of toxic pesticides and acquiesce to Wal-Mart's the United States, but it does not demands, the giant retailer turned chemical fertilizers from the conduct inspections. Instead, it ecosystem: As demand rises and huge to Horizon Organic (owned by accredits third-party agencies to Dean Foods) and Aurora Dairy, retailers like Wal-Mart seek to meet it, inspect the farms, processors and conventional acres will transition to both of which have been accused retailers that seek certification. of exploiting ambiguities in the organic, and organic whether those are in the United said, "they may investigate more, States, Chile or China, it will be maybe even stop by a farmers' may have its place - for supplying good for the environment. market. This would increase demand populations in less agriculturally and the end result is it would be good sustainable areas, such as Las Vegas for organic." or Albuquerque, for example. Drew and Myra Goodman, the owners of Earthbound Farm (one Hellberg, however, believes local, of Wal-Mart's top suppliers), But others maintain that even in the small-scale organics should be the estimate that their business alone best industrial organic models, there aim. He said he's seen "the most arid has been responsible for are aspects that mirror conventional and horrible soils turned around," and eliminating almost 10 million agriculture and conflict with organic he pointed to Marin's movement as an pounds of synthetic fertilizer and ideals - such as the use of migrant example he believed could be 313,000 pounds of chemical farm workers, aggressive business replicated in other places - if not pesticides. This is a significant practices designed to crush practically, than at least the "mind-set." boon to the environment and to competition, reliance on monocrop at He said Prince Charles' November national health, not only for the the expense of diversity and mass 2005 visit was due to the innovation, removal of pesticide residues expenditures of fossil fuels in tradition and dedication to ideals of the from food, but also by preserving distribution and production. area's organic farmers. petroleum, which is used to create synthetic fertilizer. "There's a long list of benefits of small- The biodiversity of Peter Martinelli's scale organic that you don't get with Fresh Run Farm in Bolinas, where A study by the Rodale Institute industrial," said Helge Hellberg, the more than 40 crops are grown on 5 found that organic farms fight executive director of Marin Organic, acres; Dennis and Sandy Dierks' global warming by removing an association of organic producers Paradise Valley Produce, where carbon from the atmosphere by dedicated to "creating the first all- unique fertilization methods such as sequestering it in the earth at a organic county in the nation." fermenting seaweed and other rate of 3,670 pounds per acre. microbes to enhance soil fertility are With the Goodmans' 30,000 Like Hellberg, most of Marin's organic used, and where the coho salmon are acres, that would mean community does not view Big Organic making a comeback because of a Earthbound Farm alone has as a direct threat to their own farms or healthier watershed; and Warren removed the equivalent of more way of life - "we're far removed from Weber's Star Route Farms, the than 7,500 cars from the road. the Wal-Marts of the world," is how longest continuously certified organic Evans put it - but they remain an farm in California, are all examples of Peggy Miars, executive director of advocate for the preservation of the the sustainable model - and were all California Certified Organic nation's small farms, yet another ideal "certainly a draw" for His Royal Farmers in Santa Cruz, one of the not addressed by the industrial model. Highness. nation's largest organic certifiers, believes the benefits of big "We're still losing 400 family farms in When asked if he thought some ideals businesses' market presence the U.S. every week to development," needed to be sacrificed to meet rising outweigh the potential negatives. Hellberg said. "The industrial model, demand, Hellberg said: "No, I think the even if it's organic, will not stop that. opposite is true. Smaller scale Miars said the USDA standards We're still shipping food an average of agriculture, artisan food production, are strict enough (though she about 2,000 miles from where it's true relationships, integrating acknowledged ambiguities grown to where it's consumed. The agriculture in your local region and existed) that the label would industrial organic model will not building upon it: That is the model that remain strong, and, in addition to address that." shows the most benefits. It is the the environmental benefits, she closest to the heart and there's no said big corporations would But will the local model address place on earth where you can't apply create greater awareness, boost skyrocketing demand? While much of it." demand and create more agribusiness's market presence can markets. "If consumers who never be chalked up to profit seeking, even Evans agrees. "The most conscious thought much about organic some proponents of small-scale way to buy food is straight from the foods see them at their local Wal- organics think the industrial model farmer," he said. "There's a lot of room Mart," she for growth in this country for that kind of relationship. Even better than organic is local organic, and that's a niche that the big guy just can't get in on." Howard’s Response: The good news is -- organics is on the rise. The dramatic increase in interest is gratifying. The crities who said and continue to say that “it’s a fad” must be bashing their heads against the wall, and then taking some drug to mask the pain of the injury. The bad news is that organics is getting sloppy. All we can do is continue to try to spread the word and help people practice “Buyer Beware!” Hopefully our information will help. Originally published in the San Francisco Chronicle January 28, 2007 - In one year, an average tree produces enough oxygen for a family of four. - One tree will absorb the CO2 from 4 cars, ever year. - Shade trees can reduce utility bills for air conditioning by 15 to 50%. - Trees add curb appeal to your home and can add 15% to your property's value. distributors and sales personnel are often unfamiliar with which products fall under Texas Green List designation. For this reason we have developed the following list of common pesticides that fall into the Green List. The listing here does not include all Green List products, but is Southwest Technical Resource approval must first be obtained and intended as a guide to the most commonly Center for Schools and Childcare kept on file for at least three years. used active ingredients, and some current Facilities, Texas Cooperative Also, certain Green List products trade names associated with these active Extension, Dallas, Texas may have less restrictive reentry ingredients. requirements than other pesticides. In 1991, the Texas Legislature These requirements are designed Trade names change frequently. For this amended the Structural Pest to encourage schools to use least reason, schools and pest management Control Act (SPCA) to require hazardous materials necessary to professionals should focus on learning the public school districts to have an effectively do the job. qualifying criteria for Green List products, Integrated Pest Management rather than depending on a listing of trade (IPM) program. Since 1995, all It is important that IPM names. public school districts in Texas Coordinators and all pesticide must have a written pest applicators working on school Response management policy, designate facilities be able to identify Green Controlling the "looseness" of this green and train a district IPM List products. According to Section list, my advice is to simply follow the Coordinator, and ensure that all 595.11 (h) of the Texas Structural acceptable products list established by the pesticide applications be made Pest Control Regulations, Green Texas Organic Research Center (TORC). only by licensed applicators. The List products must be from at least These people are at least marring in the IPM Coordinator is required to one of the following categories: right direction, but we can really shorten keep detailed records of all their learning curve if they will just let us. pesticide applications and to 1. Inorganic pesticides containing ensure that the district, or its boric acid, disodium octoborate designated pest control provider, tetrahydrate, silica gel or uses the least hazardous diatomaceous earth. methods to control pests. 2. Insect growth regulators. According to Texas school 3. Insect and rodent baits in tamper- pesticide regulations, all resistant containers, or for crack- pesticides are classified as either and-crevice use only. Green, Yellow or Red List products. Green List products are 4. Microbe-based insecticides. those pesticides which are 5. Botanical insecticides (not considered to carry the least including synthetic pyrethroids) potential hazard to people and containing no more than 5% the environment. Red List synergists. pesticides carry EPA signal words (WARNING and DANGER) which 6. Biological (living) control agents. indicate the highest potential risks to applicators or the environment. Identifying Green List Products Although school IPM Distinguishing Green List products Coordinators may use any is not always easy. There is no pesticide, Structural Pest Control packaging designation to show Board regulations require that which pesticides are Green List when a Yellow or Red List under Texas law. Even pesticide pesticide is used, written best-educated gardeners in their respective areas, with their knowledge far exceeding most others’, including professional landscapers, in those areas. In front of the old officer’s club was a swimming pool that had been filled in and was uncovered as part of an effort There was a chill in the air that January 29, 2007 when each of to show the history of the base. It didn’t Monday morning in March with the three companies received a fit in with the new purpose of the the mercury dipping just south of call from Pat Plowman of the property and provided a gaping hole freezing before sunrise. Members Victoria County Master Gardeners where educational space might be. They of three different Texas pond- Association. For Pat, the story had decided that the swimming pool could building companies were yawning begun a couple of years before somehow be converted into a large and stretching their muscles while when a piece of land and a water garden. Since they wanted to loading up their respective trucks building that had long before been promote organic practices even within and trailers for what was planned the Officer’s Club at historic Foster their new water feature, they aimed their to be a large two-day pond build. Airfield were provided to the sights on putting together an ecosystem John and Mychal Cenicola and Master Gardeners. They would pond. Before leaving to pursue a John Garcia from ‘The Pond use these accommodations to business opportunity, a professional Crew’ in San Antonio, Steve create a Community Education irrigator that had been working with the Parker and Brandon Tucker from Garden to show interested citizens group told Pat about the Aquascape Alpine Aquascapes in Katy, and of the area examples of different philosophy of pondering that said, “Work Matt Boring and Armando kinds of plants and designs that do with Nature, not against her.” Knowing Sanchez from TexasPonds.com well in the area. The building and that a balanced aquatic ecosystem in Rosenberg showed up at the surrounding grounds would be pretty much takes care of itself with just jobsite at roughly the same time used to host speakers and present a little help from its human friends, Pat to inspect the canvas on which educational seminars to coincide and the others decided that this was the they would try to quickly create a with the gardening theme. best path to take. But how to get there beautiful piece of the pond- from here? builders’ art. The reason for the All of Texas’ Master Gardeners hurry was that this is peak work Associations emphasize using season for these companies and native plants and organic they had gathered here today to gardening practices such as donate a couple of days worth of composting, and try to steer free labor to make something people away from invasive plants special happen for some special or non-native species that may people who give much more than beg for the use of herbicides, two days free labor each year in pesticides or extra water to survive their community. in an area to which they’re not native. Master Gardeners are good stewards of the planet and they reach beyond what they do in their own homes and yards to try to educate others in the Pat put on her thinking cap and set off community about why they do on the information superhighway on her what they do and live the way they way to researching Aquascape, Inc. live. Becoming a Master Gardener There she learned of the Certified requires 50 hours of classroom Aquascape Contractor program, a group work and 50 hours of community of professional pond-builders who have service with additional hours gone the extra mile to be the best of the required each year after their best in their industry. Like the Master This story began for the pond - certification. For this reason, Gardeners, a Certified Aquascape builders on the afternoon of Master Gardeners are some of the Contractor must have classroom that would block a good portion of the as well as hands-on training in the view that was being created, John the initial excavation to create shelves field. They must continue to suggested a land bridge across the within the pond. The hole for the receive training each year in order same part of the pond. This is a skimmer had to be dug through to keep their certification. Their feature that hides large culvert tubes asphalt, but was soon ready to go. work is reviewed by their peers in the pond and then seems to close Twenty five tons of rocks and fifteen and their customers are surveyed up the ground above them so that you yards of gravel were delivered right on to make sure that only the walk at pretty much existing ground schedule. Once the pond had the companies who are tops in design level from one side of the pond to the shape they wanted, a protective and building techniques as well as other with the water and fish passing underlayment of fabric was laid down tops in customer service are through the tubes below your feet. It’s inside the empty shell and covered by allowed to remain in the program. a beautiful piece of the pond-builders’ a 45-mil EPDM liner. In fact, the program is so elite that art when it’s done correctly, effectively a lesser-educated group of pond- creating two separate ponds from builders who don’t subscribe to one. the organic philosophy by which all Aquascape water gardens are built has created a website to try to skim pond customers away by simply adding an ‘s’ to the real program’s web address! Using the ‘Find A CAC’ link on the website, Pat called the three closest companies and hoped that one of them would ride in to her rescue. Since all three companies build ponds What she didn’t know was that by the same philosophy and have had these three contractors were all similar training and experience, each friends who had worked together A water garden this large would need team member was able to glide in some capacity or other before to be filtered by a constructed effortlessly between the many different this project came up. They were wetlands filter, sometimes referred to little projects that make a big project already on the phone to each as a ‘bog filter’. Feeding the large like this come together. A couple of other figuring out a way to work waterfall and constructed wetlands guys were installing the rocks along together on this project. They filter would be two pumps housed in a the vertical walls of the pond while a knew that the group wouldn’t have ‘Grande’ skimmer. Since a skimmer couple were bringing the rock to them much money but everyone that large isn’t the most easily- with machines. When the machines involved wanted to make sure this disguised feature, John decided to were needed to help lift and install the pond was done right and that create an underground stream to a larger boulders, other people worked these Master Gardeners were third pond that would hold the on the land bridge or the underground treated right. A couple of weeks skimmer, rather than just sticking it on stream. Before long the project had later, John, Steve, and Matt made the side of the pond. This would really begun to take shape. The team the trek to Victoria to meet with effectively create what looks on the members returned to a local motel to Pat and scope out the scene of surface like another land bridge, rest up for what promised to be the soon-to-be water garden. opening up more views and allowing another hard day that would start all more human interaction with the too early the next morning. The swimming pool had been water feature. filled with dirt years ago so the volunteers dug the pond out, The second day of the project wasn’t On the chilly morning of March 5, just piling the dirt where they wanted five weeks after the initial phone calls quite as cold and everyone wanted to the waterfall to be placed. They were made, seven people showed up get started early. By the time lunch had the idea of a large bridge ready to work hard. As they waited for was served, it looked like things were going across the middle of the the pond components to be delivered on schedule. The Fire Marshall came pond to link two pathways from the county property where it had by and was able to quickly fill the pond together. Since been safely stored, the guys tweaked with a fire hose in about 45 minutes while the underwater tropical-themed paradise around the new water garden. I have a feeling that a lot lights were being installed and the of those community service hours will have been earned by the day of the Grand finishing touches were being put Opening celebration. But the completed result will be an area that is beautiful, on the waterfall. The constructed educational and enjoyable to all the people in Victoria county and the surrounding wetlands filter was finished and areas. turned on first. Around 5:00pm, the waterfall sealing foam was dry Victoria County Master Gardeners www.vcmga.org and the second 7500 gph pump was plugged in. www.vcmga.org/VEGWater Victoria County Pond Project Gardens.html Pond Installation Pictures www.vcmga.org www.certifiedaquascape Certified Aquascape Contractor contractor.com The Pond Crew www.thepondcrew.com Alpine Aquascapes www.backyardcreations.org As the waterfall flowed for the first time, a loud cheer went up from the assembled Master Gardeners. Texas Ponds and Water Gardens www.TexasPonds.com Flash bulbs began to twinkle and soon the three groups of Certified Aquascape Contractors had gathered around the waterfall for the familiar Aquascape’s ‘thumbs- up’ picture around their completed project. A little while later, with just enough adrenaline still in their systems to make the drives home, they each went back the way they came, heading off into, and away from, the approaching sunset. While Matt would return a few weeks later to install an automatic- fill valve and plant the aquatic plants, the pond-builders’ work here was done. But not so for the Master Gardeners. With a grand opening date of May 20th looming large on the approaching horizon, stone pathways had to be completed, gazebos built, and a fence erected. Then, finally, last but certainly not least, landscaping will be installed. There is a local artist who’s also a Master Gardener who is going to create a But don't start gobbling up chocolate bars just yet, wrote study author Dirk General Assembly through the South Taubert of the University Hospital of Carolina Agriculture and Forestry Cologne, Germany. Research System based at Clemson. Treats such as dark chocolate might Birrenkott's research found that it took be substituted for other high-calorie about three weeks for the garlic to CHICAGO (Reuters) - Some may desserts, based on the study's reduce the poultry house odor see a cup of tea as soothing but findings, but "we believe that any compared to the odor from a control chocolate is more likely to lower dietary advice must account for the group of laying hens. The researchers one's blood pressure, German high sugar, fat and calorie intake with have already conducted taste tests researchers reported on Monday. most cocoa products. and found that people preferred the eggs produced by the garlic-eating Foods rich in cocoa appear to "Rationally applied, cocoa products hens. reduce blood pressure but might be considered part of dietary drinking green and black tea may approaches to lower hypertension "The tasters said the eggs were not, according to an analysis of risk," he wrote. milder from the chickens eating garlic previously published research in than from the control hens," Birrenkott the Archives of Internal Medicine, said. "We think it might reduce the published by the American sulfur content of the eggs." Medical Association. While the chickens adapted to eating The drop in blood pressure garlic right away, hogs in a among participants who companion test were more reluctant consumed cocoa products for at to accept the new feed. least two weeks was in the same Science Daily — CLEMSON - Garlic range as achieved by someone may not be the first thing that comes to taking drugs commonly mind when you think of air fresheners, "Hogs have a very sensitive sense of prescribed to control high blood but Clemson University scientists are smell. That's why they're used in pressure. finding that it works like a charm in France to find truffles," Birrenkott poultry houses ... and may lower the said. After a day or so of boycotting The fall in blood pressure credited cholesterol in eggs, to boot. the feed, however, the hogs did to cocoa could be expected to cooperate in the study, with similar reduce the risk of strokes and "We're feeding the chickens about 3 promising results on odor control. heart attacks by 10-20 percent, percent of their diet in garlic powder to Chemical analyses of the cholesterol the report said. mask the odor of the waste," said content of the eggs and pork are also Glenn Birrenkott, Clemson animal and being conducted. Both cocoa and tea contain veterinary science professor. "It makes polyphenols, a class of chemicals the poultry house smell like a pizzeria While the garlic is effective in known to help prevent instead of manure." controlling odor, it is more expensive cardiovascular disease that are than basic chicken or hog feed. This present in most fruits and As urban populations expand into rural means the eggs and pork may require vegetables. But cocoa has a areas, the potential increases for a premium price to be cost effective different type than tea -- conflict between neighborhood for commercial producers. However, if procyanids -- that appear to be sensibilities and farm necessities. As a the products prove to contain a lower more active. result, farmers must find creative cholesterol level, they could qualify as solutions to produce the meat and specialty items because of the health Currently, patients with high blood eggs suburbanites want in their benefit. pressure are urged to eat more grocery stores but not in their fruits and vegetables, although backyards. Clemson scientists are cocoa and tea products account Note: This story has been adapted conducting a variety of studies to for the bulk of total polyphenol from a news release issued by address livestock waste management consumption in Western Clemson University. as part of an initiative funded by the countries, the study said. South Carolina CANTON, TX North Haven Gardens Turner's Organic Store 7700 Northaven Rd. 401 N Hwy 19 Dallas, TX 75230 903/567-2321 214 363-5316 Turnersorganic.com www.nhg.com CHANDLER, TX Redenta's Garden Blue Moon Gardens 2001 Skillman St. 13062 FM 279 Dallas, TX 75206 ABILENE, TX 903.852.3897 www.redentas.com Jackson Bros Feed & Seed www.bluemoongardens.com 3818 Treadaway Blvd. Soil Building Systems 915.691.1110 CLEBURNE, TX 1770 Y Street In the Garden Dallas, TX 75229 ARLINGTON, TX 972 831.8181 1411 North Main Moore Rental Service, Inc. www.SoilBuildingSystems.com 817.774.9000 1010 West Division 817.277.1141 Agrispon COLLEYVILLE, TX 3601 Garden Brook Dr. Organicare Foreman’s Dallas, TX 75234 Daniel Wright, Certified Arborist 3800 Colleyville Blvd. 800.274.8930 Serving the Metroplex 817.281.7252 www.agsciinc.com 817.469.4495 COPPELL, TX Moore Tree Care - Root Flare Services Blooming Colors Nursery 6333 Denton Drive, Suite 100 Redenta’s Garden 1701 East Beltline Rd. Dallas, TX 75235 5111 West Arkansas Lane 972.939.8660 214-350-8350 817.451.2149 www.bloomingcolorsnursery.com www.rootflare.com www.redentas.com CRESSON, TX DENTON, TX ATHENS, TX Alliance Milling Athens Organic Supply Cresson Feed & Vet Supply 319 E. Prairie St. 6187 Highway 19 N Hwy. 377 Denton, TX 76201 903.286.0383 817.396.4316 www.alliancemilling.com ARLINGTON HEIGHTS, IL DALLAS, TX Twin Oaks Landscaping Maxicrop USA Abrock Pest Management 2701 Highway 691 P.O. Box 964 2842 Mark Twain Drive 903.463.2205 Arlington Heights, IL 60006 972.484.1174 EARLY/BROWNWOOD, TX 847.956.8828 Herb Mart Owens Organics www.maxicrop.com 6434 E. Mockingbird Ln. Ste. 113 9705 Highway 183 N. BOYD, TX 214.370.8120 Early, TX 76802 www.herbmarttx.com 915 641-2814 Garden Thyme 1706+ CR 4757 John Silk Feed EDINBURG, TX 940.433.5039 11415 Harry Hines Texas Plant & Soil Lab email@example.com 972.247.2681 5115 W. Monte Cristo Rd. Edinburg, TX 78541 BOWIE, TX Living Earth Technology 956 383-0739 Nature’s Way 1901 California Crossing Rd. www.txplant-soillab.com 305 E. London Dallas, TX 75220 940.872.4796 972 869-4332 FARMERSVILLE, TX firstname.lastname@example.org www.livingearth.net Truth Hill Farm 17953 Country Road 618 CELESTE, TX Nicholson-Hardie Farmersville, TX 75442 Good Earth Organic Farm 5060 W. Lovers Ln. 903-776-2173 or 214-491-9441 903.496.2070 Dallas, TX 75209 email@example.com www.goodearthorganicfarm.com 214 357-4348 Dirt Doctor's DIRT | May 2007 FORT WORTH, TX GRANBURY, TX Soil Therapy AJ Southwest Arrow Feed & Ranch P.O. Box 387 4310 Village Creek Rd. 2031 E. Highway 377 Lufkin, TX 75902 Fort Worth, TX 76119 817 573-8808 800-282-5634 817 232-2785 or Toll Free 1-877- GRAND PRAIRIE, TX www.soiltherapy.org 810-0064 Grand Prairie Feed MCKINNEY, TX www.ajsw.com & Garden Supply Trinity Tree Farms Marshall Grain Company 1229 E. Main Street 4402 W University Dr. 2224 E. Lancaster Ave. 972 263-6522 469/742-0600 Fort Worth, TX 76103 GRAPEVINE, TX MEXIA, TX 817 536.5636 Blooming Colors Texas Organic Nursery & www.marshallgrain.com 2221 Ira E. Woods Avenue Christmas Tree Farm 817 416.6669 Highway 84 Ferrier Custom Homes www.bloomingcolorsnursery.com 254/562-6306 11255 Camp Bowie West, Suite 115 Fort Worth, TX 76008-3692 GREENVILLE, TX MESQUITE, TX 817-237-6262 Steve's Nursery Herb Mart www.ferrierbuilders.com Hwy 34 South 3330 N. Galloway, Ste 150 903 883-2911 972 270-6521 Silver Creek Materials www.herbmarttx.com 2251 Silver Creek Road HUBBARD, TX Sam's Nursery MINEOLA,TX Fort Worth, TX 76108 236 SH 171 Aunt Cindi’s Organic Market Center 817- 246-2426 254 576-1555 6134 FM 49 aka Hwy 49 www.silvercreek-materials.com 903.857.2418 Weston Gardens IRVING, TX MURPHY, TX 8101 Anglin Dr. Gibson Garden Center Classic Gardens Fort Worth, TX 76140 500 North O'Conner Road 401 W. FM 544 817 478-7220 972 254-3989 972 424-9929 www.westongardens.com Nonnie's House of Organics & Gifts www.classicgardensnursery.com Whiz-Q-Stone 2440 W. Irving Blvd. #150 MUENSTER, TX 4501 East Loop 820 South (214) 596-9009 Muenster Milling Co. Fort Worth, TX www.nonnieshouseoforganics.com 202 S. Main 817-429-0822 LANCASTER, TX Muenster, TX 76252 FOUKE, AR Living Earth Technology Co 1-800-772-7178 3150 S. Beckley (1-35) www.muenstermilling.com Enoch's Berry Farm 1230 W. Spring Valley Rd., Apt 222 972.869.4332 NOLANVILLE, TX Richardson, TX 75080 LEONARD, TX Nolan Creek Nursery 877 772-2806 Access Organic Supply Nolanville, TX 76559 www.berryfarm.com 448 CR 5030 254 698-8622 FRISCO, TX 903-587-0898 / 972-658-7609 NORTH RICHLAND HILLS, TX Shades of Green McKinney, Bonham, Greenville Green Mama's 8801 Coit Road LEWISVILLE, TX 5324 Davis Blvd. Frisco, TX Hartwells Nursery 817 514-7336 972-335-9095 1570 N. Stemmons Expressway www.greenmamas.com GARLAND, TX 972 436-3612 PLANO, TX Roach Feed and Seed LUFKIN, TX Herb Mart Plano 409 Main St. Angelina & Neches River Authority 4120 W 15 St Ste 101 Garland, TX 75040 P.O. Box 387 972 758-1805 972 276-3217 Lufkin, TX 75902 www.herbmarttx.com GRAHAM, TX 800-282-5634 Living Earth Technology Co. Totally Organic www.anra.org 5032 Split Trail 1519 E. 4th Street 972.869.4332 940.549.8960 file:///D|/dirt_doctor/May2007/magzaine/07May_21_p.htm5/1/2007 2:06:01 PM The Pest Shop WACO, TX AUSTIN 2231 W. 15th St., Ste B Storm's Nursery Jim Grahs Plano, TX 75075 9605 China Springs Rd RR I, Box 444 972 519-0355 254/836-0022 Red Rock, TX 78662 512/303-5190 or 512/303-4653 WEATHERFORD, TX POTTSBORO, TX Dillard Feed & Seed DALLAS Good Earth Soil & Material 319 N. Main Dallas Organic Gardening Club 220 Highway 1-20 817/596-8271 Meetings held 4th Thursday each month 903 786-7645 7:00 pm Fretz Park Recreation Center Peacock's Farm Contact number 214.676.4326 ROCKWALL, TX 122 W. Water St. Living Earth Technology Co 817 594-5424 DENTON 1520 E 130 Denton Organic Society 972.869.4332 Weatherford Gardens Mike Mizell 2106 Fort Worth Highway 509 N. Bell Ave. Tropical John's Garden Metro 817/341-0152 Denton, TX 76201 Shop & Landscape Co. 940/382-8551 302 Williams St. Willow Park Feed & Organic 972-117-2449 Garden Supply FORT WORTH 3187 Fort Worth Hwy.(Exit. 415) Norma Miller SULPHUR SPRINGS, TX Weatherford, TX 76087 Po Box 9204 East Texas Landscaping 817/ 596 – 8844 Ft. Worth, TX 76147 & Fencing 817/292-2022 450 Main St. Wildflower Soaps 903 439-4648 1800 Oak Country Est. GARLAND Weatherford, TX 76085 Lakeside Organic SWEETWATER, TX 817-946-9847 Gardening Club Nature's Way of Sweetwater www.wildflowersoaps.com Meetings are held at Rohde's Nursery, 316 Oak St. the first Sunday of the month at 2:00 915 235-2274 firstname.lastname@example.org 972/203-9170 TAYLOR, TX JOSHUA Old Thyme Gardens Old Towne Joshua 950 CR 365 Organic Garden Club 512 352-7673 Metting are held the 2nd and 4th Sunday of every month from 3:00 to TOOL, TX 5:00 Sticks & Stones Garden 817/517-6100 620 N. Tool Dr. (Hwy274) 903.432.1801 STEPHENVILLE Renate Snyder In The Garden TYLER, TX ABILENE 272 South Belknap Al H. Horaney’s, Inc. Carolyn Wiggins Stephenville, TX 76401 5520 Old Jacksonville Hwy. Jeannette St. Abilene 254/965-3710 903/939.1046 915/673-3338 or 915/673-2802 TYLER Aunt Cindi’s Organic ARLINGTON Charles Whitehead Market Center Arlington Organic Garden Club 207 Atlanta Ave. Tyler, TX 75703 6134 FM 49 aka Hwy 49 Dorothy Beard 903/509-4416 903.857.2418 Po Box 173954 email@example.com Arlington, TX 76003 www.aogc.com growing and produce the beautiful scarified bluebonnets seeds blue flowers. germinate without any problems. Plant bluebonnet plants in a sunny If you cannot find bluebonnet plants to location either in the ground or a plant in your garden now, check back Dear Big Sprout, flowerpot. Plant bluebonnets where with the garden centers and nurseries I want to grow bluebonnets like I they will grow undisturbed by next fall around the first of September. saw this spring along the cultivation and mowing. No soil highway. Please explain how I amendments are necessary. can do this. If many winter weeds grow in the area Bluebonnets are a native Texas where the bluebonnets are growing, wildflower and the plants do not Dear Little Sprout. mow down the winter weeds before require much water once established, The beautiful bluebonnets we so the bluebonnets start growing in the but water will be necessary for at enjoy along the Texas Highways spring. Mowing in the winter will not least the first week after are available to plant in the harm the ground-hugging rosette transplanting. Most plants planted in landscape or in a container from seedlings. flowerpots during the summer will transplants in the spring. Check require more water than the right away to see if there are any bluebonnet planted in the ground. Other wildflowers that grow in this bluebonnet plants available at the area and will extend your wildflower garden center near your home or enjoyment are Indian paintbrush and If you want the bluebonnets to return call other garden centers to see if coreopsis. Plant Indian paintbrush and from seeds next spring, plant the any plants are available. You coreopsis seeds in the fall seedlings in the ground where you cannot plant bluebonnets from will not mind waiting for the seeds to seed now even if the seeds are Big Sprout is written by Dotty mature (ripen). The bluebonnet available. Bluebonnet seeds must Woodson, Horticulture County seeds take several weeks of growing be planted in the late summer or Extension Agent, Texas Cooperative after the flowers fade to mature. early fall so the seedlings that Extension, Tarrant County. Dotty Once you see the seedpods opening, germinates from the seed will coordinates a large Junior Master you can either collect the seeds to enjoy the wonderful cold Texas Gardener program. Address questions plant in the late summer or allow the winter. The bluebonnet seedling to Dotty Woodson, 401 East Eighth seeds to fall to the ground. Seeds require the chilling of the Texas Street, Fort Worth, Texas 76102 or allowed to fall to the ground will not winter to grow the flowers in the call 817-884-1945 or e-mail, germinate until late summer or early spring. The bluebonnet seed firstname.lastname@example.org. fall. If you plant bluebonnet germinates naturally in field in transplants in a flowerpot, collect the early fall even through the seeds seeds to plant in the fall. are grown and dropped by the plant in late April or early May. The Texas highway department If you collect the seeds to plant next and many volunteer fall, treat the seeds with a mild organizations planted bluebonnet solution of vinegar and water to seeds for many years to create soften the seed coat. Bluebonnet the beautiful field of bluebonnets seeds are very hard. The hard seed everyone enjoys so much every coat in nature is softened by months spring. and years of weathering. Over time, rainwater and wind will soften the seed so water can enter the seed to The bluebonnet plant available at germinate the seed. The Texas garden centers were planted by highway department dispersed plant growers in last fall so the bluebonnets seeds in some areas for seedlings are chilled during the six years to establish a good planting. winter just like the wildflower Seeds purchased in seed packets or bluebonnets planted along the in bulk are treated by the seed highways. When the weather company with an acid and are warms in the spring, the labeled acid scarified seeds. The acid bluebonnets seedlings start well in the spring. For the past four yrs, A: Products with the OMRI seal are it has been puny and is thinly leafed. usually good products and acceptable Other maples in the area are just thick for the organic program. It would be a with foliage and look really good. Ours good idea to cross reference the TORC is just a shadow of its former self. (Texas Organic Research Center) list What do you think and what can we do which you can find in the research area to thicken up its foliage? A.D., Dallas of DirtDoctor.com. That list is the one Q: I would like to know if Texas we abide by. greensand would have an effect A: Unfortunately you need to get a on cotton root rot. I'm a central new arborist. Of course the cutting of Q: I am writing you as a very Texas cotton farmer with this the roots hurt the tree. I can give you concerned dog owner. We recently lost problem. K.P., Kingsbury more advice if you send photos but the our Scottish terrier dog to bladder Sick Tree Treatment is definitely in cancer and our other Scottie has just A: Yes, it will help. Anything order. It is explained in detail on the been diagnosed with cancer. I did some added to the soil that helps the DirtDoctor.com. If additional soil was research on the internet and discovered balance will help disease control. added to this area, it needs to be that Scotties are at high risk for bladder Greensand is loaded with removed because it would be as cancer already, but are seven times available trace minerals for the damaging as the cut roots. more likely to get it from being exposed plants and will help with the to pesticides used in yards. We have building of life in the soil. On the Q: There is very effective way of lived in different apartment complexes, other hand, it probably won’t cure getting rid of mole crickets. Pour a as well as having our yard at a previous the disease completely by itself. mixture of dishwashing liquid and home sprayed by one of the local lawn By the way, I have never seen a water over the lawn, within seconds services in the past. We are about to product green up chlorotic plants they come out of the ground. Any buy a new home and look forward to faster than greensand - even comment on this method? M.B., Dallas getting another dog. How can I get all before organics when I was still the chemicals out of the yard and soil? using synthetic products. A: Not a bad idea for a one time How long does it take to change a yard treatment. When they are on the from one where chemicals were used Q: I am starting roots in water. surface, they could be easily killed with to a totally organic lawn? We also have Please tell me if I need to change a spray of orange oil. However, a 19 month old baby that will be playing the water daily or if I replenish it, applying any kind of soap or detergent in the yard. Thanks in advance for any when I am trying to encourage a to the soil on a regular basis will hurt advice you can give me. K.W., Dallas flower stem to develop roots. M. the beneficial microbes in the soil. M., Austin A: Excellent decision. There are Q: I would like to know how to get rid basically two ways to go: #1 - just go A: You shouldn't be using water of wild onions. I have heard that you cold turkey. Quit the lawn drugs and at all. All cuttings including roses can mow them down in spring. N.G., begin the organic program. Put out should be placed in organic Fort Worth zeolite at 50 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft., then potting soil. Cuttings rooted in dry molasses at 20 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft. water have a hard time adjusting A: What I recommend is to kill them and then the first organic fertilizer to soil later. with kindness. Apply dry molasses at 2- application, unless you have already 3 lbs. per 100 sq. ft., and then add 1/2" done that. The second major feeding Q: About 4 yrs. ago we decided of quality compost. They are also will be in early June and the third and to put a tree-surround around our edible but make sure they are onions last in the fall. The beneficial microbes old maple tree in the back yard. and not crow poison which is a from the organic inputs will slowly We hired an arborist who poisonous plant. You'll find more neutralize the toxic chemicals. #2 constructed a stone tree details on both plants in my book choice - apply the activated carbon surround. While he was building it Plants for Texas. product Grow Safe from the NORIT he did some rather extensive Company. It is an extremely fine chopping on the roots of the tree Q: When I find a product with the textured material that is mixed with in order to place the stones. He (OMRI) Organic Materials Review water and sprayed. It immediately ties assured us that this would in no Institute symbol on it, is this reassuring up the toxins, then the same organic way damage the tree. Prior to his that it is a good organic product for my amendments are applied that break construction, the tree always garden? R.B., Tyler down the tied up chemicals. came out really It's a hard product to find. Not A: They haven't bothered to send me Pesticides are also killing the bees enough, but some of the organic a sample yet. I assume that if it is truly directly. This is another great reason to maintenance contractors will apply an organic fertilizer, it will be fine - but stick with beneficial insects, nematodes the product for you, which is a Scott’s is mainly in the chemical and other biological pest control good idea because it is messy. business. The organic materials that techniques. are acceptable to the Texas Organic Q: Recently on one of your radio Research Center (TORC) are on our Q: The raspberries in my garden have shows I heard a listener mention a web site at http://www.dirtdoctor.com/ not started to grow so is it okay to plant that could be used to view_org_research.php?id=5 apply corn gluten on the row? R.B., substitute for sugar - I think he Frisco called it stevie. Can you please Q: How short should I cut my help me? M.W., Dallas Bermuda grass? I have been told to A: Yes, corn gluten meal only prevents scalp it in the spring. I thought I would small seed from growing. It's only a pre- A: Stevia is the herb we ask an expert. J.S., Dallas emergent effect. Perennials like discussed. It is easy to grow and raspberries will love the natural food. extremely sweet. Everyone should A: Scalping in the spring is a very cut back on regular sugar. I use a bad idea. It's hard on the equipment Q: Is the root system of my Bradford lot of honey, but stevia is another and you, it wastes time, it removes pear tree damaging my foundation? good way to go. It is covered valuable organic material, and it The trees were planted by the builder. I pretty well in my Herbs for Texas exposes bare soil to sunlight and wind think they are too close to the house, book. Can be used fresh or dried. which causes loss of moisture, loss of but do provide shade. Should we have Most users cook it into a sweet carbon and loss of beneficial living them removed? T.M., Dallas liquid. organisms. The bare soil allows weed seed to germinate and the loss of A: I have trees planted close all Q: We had maple trees cut down organic matter and microbes reduces around my house and am not and ground up. The shavings from the fertility of the soil and turf. concerned. That worry is overblown. the tree sat for a few weeks and then we threw them on our shrubs Q: There is a new problem with honey Reader Feedback to use as mulch. Someone said bees and it is not related to mites. the natural acids of the tree may There is mass die off happening and Howard - your Bradford Pears article kill our shrubs. Do we rake it off the symptoms are new and the experts was spot on! These trees, while immediately or put something on have now figured out what it going on. attractive, are messy and regularly to neutralize it, or do nothing? P. We are talking about bee pollination misused in the landscape. The concept C., Beltsville, MD companies having 60 to 75 percent of "ornamental" is not widely loss in a short period of time. The understood, and in my neighborhood A: Whoever told you that is current best guess is systemic (Brook Meadows, Colleyville) these goofy. Tilling fresh wood chips into pesticides. It is normal for an trees draw the centerpiece position, as the soil would tie up the nitrogen, occasional hive to leave and quickly be though they are oaks. but used on the surface they don't taken over by wax moths or honey pose the same problem. If you beetles. A hive that is dead by CCD Even worse, we bought an toss a little compost on with the (colony collapse disorder) will not get undervalued house for which every bad chips, the plants will do even attacked. Nothing will eat the honey tree decision possible had been made, better. until it is removed from the hive and including the placement of three tightly aired out for a while, except probably packed Bradfords right by the pool, Q: Scott's is making an "organic" people. Albert Einstein said "if honey shading a portion of it. They are now fertilizer that is available at my bees disappeared from the face of the gone, but not without consternation local Home Depot. I moved from earth, within 4 years, all life would be and the breaking of an axiom you know the Dallas area two years ago and gone. There is a good article at www. so well - never remove a tree. have been searching for an earthfiles.com . R.S., Dallas available quality organic fertilizer Imagine the Park Cities with Bradford here in Mississippi. Any Pears rather than all the oaks that were A: It’s a good possibility pesticides fortuitously planted years ago! Thanks information on this product? L.H., are the culprit. Pesticides are stressing B. F. Colleyville Petal, MI the bees and causing mites to attack. diatomaceous earth in-dry weather and beneficial nematodes anytime. For chiggers apply clemental sulfur at 4 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft. or less or spray with mound drench products or other plant oil products. • Cabbage loopers and other PLANT*: FERTILIZE: caterpillars: release trichogramma wasps and as a last resort spray Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) or the fire ant control • All warm season lawn grasses • All annual flowers and potted formula. Add one ounce of molasses per from plugs, sod, seed, or sprigs plants with organic fertilizers such gallon of Bt spray. or by hydromulching. Zoysia as Yum Yum mix. Spray Garrett should only be planted in solid Juice or aerated compost on all soil. Also the tall prairie grasses foliage every two weeks, or as time • Aphids on tender, new growth: strong from seed including big and little and budget allows. Drench root water blast and release ladybugs. bluestem, Indiangrass, zones of plants for root stimulation switchgrass, sideoats gramma, with Garrett Juice. Add liquid fish • Release green lacewings and ladybugs eastern gamma, etc. for more fertilizer value. for general control. • Tropical color in beds or pot PRUNE: • Lacebugs on azaleas, sycamores: including bougainvillea, Spray garlic-pepper tea or one of the mandevilla, allamanda, ixora, • Climbing roses, after their bloom. mound drench products such as Anti penta, hibiscus, and others. Fuego. • Spring-flowering shrubs, vines, • All trees and shrubs from and trees after they have bloomed. • Mosquitoes: mist or spray plant oil containers. Hardened off balled products and apply minced or granulated and burlapped plants also. • “Pinch” away the growing tips of garlic to site and potted plants. Treat skin Always remove the burlap, soil mums weekly. and/or clothes with diluted vanilla. and ropes from the top of the root balls. • Dead and misshapen growth. • Brown patch or other fungal diseases: apply horticultural or whole • Warm-season annual color WATER: ground cornmeal at 10-20 lbs. per 1,000 plants: lantana, begonias, zinnia, sq. ft. spray and/or drench soil with garlic periwinkle, cosmos, caladiums, • All planting areas deeply but tea. impatiens, verbena, and others. infrequently during dry periods. • Perennials including cannas, • Bacterial and viral diseases: spray glads, summer bulbs, mums, • Potted plants regularly. Add 3% hydrogen peroxide. asters and other fall perennials. Garrett Juice or aerated compost tea. • Weeds: hand remove or use • Ground covers including mechanical devices. Spot spray with horseherb, Asian jasmine, • Add lava sand and living mulch to vinegar based products. Add 1 oz. of English ivy, Persian ivy, purple help conserve water. orange oil and 1 teaspoon of soap and 1 wintercreeper, liriope and tablespoon molasses per gallon of vinegar. ophiopogan from 1 ¼” or 4” pots. PEST CONTROL: ODD JOBS: • Hot-weather vegetables • Continue to release trichogramma including southern peas, peppers, wasps for pecan case bearer and • Mow weekly and leave clippings on the squash, okra, melons and other troublesome caterpillars. lawn. Never catch the clippings. They warm season crops. don’t belong in the compost pile unless • Fleas and ticks: apply natural there is a super abundance of them. • Any and all of the herbs. • Turn compost pile and continue slightly acidic soil in partial sun, but will to add new ingredients. tolerate poor soils, various soil pHs, heat, drought, and various sun or • Mulch all bare soil with shredded shade conditions. Propagated tree trimmings from your own primarily by rooted stem cuttings, but property or shredded cedar. Living also by separation of the rooted mulch has become my favorite. It Kerria japonica suckers. Few disease or pest contains shredded tree trimmings problems, although death of the older, and compost. (Rosaceae - Rose Family) usually central stems in the winter is fairly common with mature shrubs. • Don’t forget to feed and water Tolerant of heavy pruning, which can the birds! be used to rejuvenate old plants. Stems are very thin, somewhat zigzag, * Planting recommendations based and have small brown conical winter on North Texas climate. Check buds, dead stems are white-brown, with your local nurseries and noticeable, and often in the center of extension service for specific mature shrubs, and should be annually varieties and timing in your area. removed every late winter or early spring. USES: Foundation, specimen, group HABIT: Small ornamental shrub, planting, or mass planting shrub, good maturing at up to 5' tall by 6' wide, for naturalizing in the border or in arching clump growth habit, becoming erosion control situations. Good winter rounded with age. Rapid growth rate stem contrast against red brick or from its basal shoots, but slow growth white stone walls. rate from the established stems. PROBLEMS: Spreads underground Foliage emerging as a bright medium- beyond its original space and is green color and changing to dark invasive by peripheral suckers, except green as the season progresses. in a root-restricted site (such as in a Deciduous, alternate, ovate to raised bed, or between a sidewalk and lanceolate, doubly serrated, with a foundation). Central stems on impressed veins and an acuminate mature plants often dieback during apex, green to chartreuse fall color winter (especially when sited in poorly that is persistent into November. drained soils) and turn off-white, and result in necessary maintenance for Flowers are bright golden-yellow in their selective removal in early spring. April and May and sporadically throughout the summer, 1.5" diameter NOTES: Kerria is named after William solitary flowers can be very dense on Kerr, who introduced the cultivar the stems if sited in full sun each 'Pleniflora'. Japonica translates as golden-yellow flower is effective for "from Japan," where it is also grown. two to three weeks and has a good contrast against the green foliage background. Fruit is small, brown, and rnamentally inconspicuous CULTURE: Full sun to full shade and prefers a moist, rich, well-drained, 15 A Little Extra 14 AJ Southwest 08 ANTidote 27 Classic Gardens 08 Expo 2007 08 Maxicrop 14 Medina 05 Moore Tree Care 18 Muenster Natural Pet Food 09 Nature's Guide 14 Organicare 05 Rehoboth Ranch 27 Silver Creek Materials 14 Soil Mender 05 Whiz-Q Stone 03 Wildflower Soaps
"Dirt Doctor s DIRT May 2007 - The Dirt Doctor"