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10th grade Study Guide for benchmark


									Study Guide: English Benchmark #2: Oct. 31


Following is a list of concepts we have discussed in our nonfiction unit:
     Plot: Exposition                                       Direct Characterization
     Plot: Rising Action                                    Dynamic Character
     Plot: Climax                                           Static Character
     Plot: Falling Action                                   POV: 1st Person
     Plot: Resolution                                       POV: 3rd Person Limited
     Imagery                                                POV: 3rd Person Omniscient
     Mood                                                   Symbols
     Theme                                                  Context Clues
     Indirect Characterization

The exam will test your knowledge of the concepts rather than specific reading passages we have
examined in the unit. Therefore, you must be able to read a new passage and identify things like POV,
Exposition, or Theme.

Provide a definition for the following terms:
1. Exposition

2. Imagery

3. Mood

4. Theme

5. Indirect Characterization

6. Direct Characterization

7. Dynamic Character

8. Static Character

9. 3rd Person Limited
10. 3rd Person Omniscient

11. Symbolism

Use the passage below to answer questions 12 – 14.

Sideways Stories from Wayside School by Louis Sachar

Leslie sat in front of Paul. She had two long, brown pigtails that reached all the way down to her waist.
Paul saw those pigtails, and a terrible urge came over him. He wanted to pull a pigtail. He wanted to
wrap his fist around it, feel the hair between his fingers, and just yank. He thought it would be fun to tie
the pigtails together, or better yet, tie them to her chair. But most of all, he just wanted to pull one.

12. Though direct characterization, what is something we know about Leslie?

13. Though indirect characterization, what do we know about Paul?

14. What POV is this passage written in, and how can you tell?

Use the passage below to answer questions 15 – 17.

Alice's adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll, John Tenniel

Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank, and of having nothing to do:
once or twice she had peeped into the book her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or
conversations in it, “and what is the use of a book,” thought Alice, “without pictures or conversations?”
So she was considering, in her own mind whether the pleasure of making a daisy-chain would be worth
the trouble of getting up and picking the daisies, when suddenly a White Rabbit with pink eyes ran close
by her.

15. What POV is this passage written in, and how can you tell?

16. How might you describe the mood of the passage?

17. What do we know about Alice in Wonderland through the exposition expressed in this passage?
Use the passage below to answer questions 18 – 20.

From the Mixed-up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler by E. L. Konigsburg

Claudia knew that she could never pull off the old-fashioned kind of running away. That is, running
away in the heat of anger with a knapsack on her back. She didn’t like discomfort; therefore, she
decided that her leaving home would not be just running from somewhere but would be running to
somewhere. To a large place, a comfortable place, an indoor place, and preferably a beautiful place.
And that’s why she decided upon the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.

18. Based on the limited information you do you, would you guess that Claudia will be a dynamic or
    static character? Explain your reasoning.

19. Assuming that this passage is part of the novel’s exposition, what do you think the rising action
    would be?

20. What does the Metropolitan Museum of Art symbolize to Claudia?

Use the passage below to answer questions 21 – 22.

Anne of Green Gables by L. M. Montgomery

Marilla’s lips twitched understandingly. She had expected Mrs. Rachel to say this; she had known that
the sight of Matthew jaunting off so unaccountably would be too much for her neighbor’s curiosity. If
Marilla had said that Matthew had gone to Bright River to meet a kangaroo from Australia Mrs. Rachel
could not have been more astonished.

21. Based on context clues, what does “unaccountably” most likely mean?

22. What was it about the way that Matthew left that peak Mrs. Rachel’s curiosity?

Use context clues to define the underlined words in sentences 23 – 26.

23. I was so angry I started throwing the dishes all over the kitchen. My brother tried to retrain me, but
    I could not be held back.

24. Julia offered to accompany me to the lawyer’s office, but I was embarrassed and didn’t want her to
25. I got a job ushering at the concert hall – by helping people with seating, I would be able to see
    concerts for free!

26. It was supposed to be a raincoat, but the porous material did nothing to prevent water from soaking
    through to my skin.

Use your knowledge of Catcher in the Rye to answer questions 27 – 30.

27. Thinking about Catcher in the Rye, what might you identify as a possible theme?

28. What do you know about Holden through Indirect Characterization?

29. What do you think Holden’s red hunting hat symbolizes?

30. How does imagery impact the reader’s understanding of the novel?

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