DESCRIBING THE 2011 STOCK ESTIMATE OF FILIPINOS OVERSEAS The following are the highlights of the 2011 Stock Estimate: Figure 2 The Stock Estimate of Filipinos Overseas is the aggregate of all Philippine-born The International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s report on ‘’Health in the Post- Filipinos, residing or working overseas. It provides a snapshot of the number of 2015 Development Agenda’’ cited that there are approximately 215 million Filipinos overseas at any given time taking into consideration migrant flows. It international migrants as of 2011. About 5% of this number or 10.46 million are categorizes overseas Filipinos into permanent, temporary and irregular migrants. overseas Filipinos in about 217 countries and territories. Permanent migrants include immigrants, dual citizens or legal permanent residents In 2011, the permanent migrants (47% or 4.86 million) comprise the largest abroad, whose stay do not depend on work contracts. category of overseas Filipinos, followed closely by temporary migrants (43% or 4.51 million). The irregular migrants (10% or 1.07 million) constitute the smallest Temporary migrants, on the other hand, are those whose stay overseas is employment-related and who are expected to return to the Philippines at the end category (See Figure 1). Compared with last year’s data, the number of permanent, of their work contracts. Although most temporary migrants are overseas Filipino temporary, and irregular migrants increased by 10%, 4.36% and 52%, respectively. workers (OFWs), they also include students, trainees, entrepreneurs, businessmen and their accompanying dependents, whose stay abroad is six months or more. Irregular migrants could be found mainly in the United States, Malaysia, and Singapore. The large increase of irregular migrants in 2011 can mainly be traced to Irregular migrants are those not properly documented, without valid residence or Malaysia’s 124% increase of irregular migrants from 200,000 in 2010 to 447,590 in work permits, or who are overstaying in a foreign country. 2011; and United States’ 67% increase from 156,000 in 2010 to 260,000 in 2011. The term “Overseas Filipinos” (OFs) refers to “migrant workers, other Filipino Compared with the 2001 data, the number of permanent and temporary migrants nationals and their dependents abroad”. This is consistent with the expanded increased by 78% and 48%, respectively while irregular migrants decreased by 34%. definition of “overseas Filipinos” in Republic Act 10022of 2010 amending the Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act and its implementing rules. The top 10 destination countries of Filipinos are US (33%), Saudi Arabia (15%), Canada (8%), UAE (7%), Malaysia (5%), Australia (4%), Japan (2%), United Kingdom Figure 1 (2%), Italy (2%), Singapore (2%). (See Figure 2). Except for Italy and Singapore, all of these countries were also last year’s top destination countries. The breakdown of Filipino overseas by continent/region: Americas, Trust Territories- 4,326,059 or 41% ; Asia, West- 2,987,823 or 29%; Asia, East and South- 1,449, 373 or 14% ; Europe- 808, 779 or 8%; Oceania- 451,042 or 4% and Africa- 63,508 or 1%. The remaining 3% are sea-based workers who understandably do not reside in one country. The number of Filipinos in Japan decreased by 69,476 or 24% mainly because of the natural calamities (earthquake and tsunami) which affected the country in March 2011. There was a 90% decrease in the number of Filipino’s in Libya, from 27,349 to 2,724 and a 79% decrease of temporary migrants in Syria from 13,869 to 2,890 mainly because of the Arab Spring.
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