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					   Chapter 8
Life at the Turn of the Century
Telephone & Movies                           Airplane




                     New Communications
                         Technology




     Camera                               Paper & Printing
           Science and Urban Life
●   Name two technological advances that helped
    make cities more livable?
    –   Taller buildings & elevators
    –   Street cars, subways, elevated trains
    –   Park and green space design
●   Name two inventions that helped change the
    world of communications.
    –   Printing and presses
    –   Cameras
    –   Telephone
    –   Movies & radio
Institution          Changes

Elementary schools   Mandatory attendance

                     Expanded course work, vocational
High school          classes, college prep

                     More modern classes: business,
                     medicine & law, first colleges for
Colleges
                     blacks. Many new colleges
                     established
                 Public Education
●   Provide 2 examples of how public education
    changed in the late 1800s.
    –   More students overall, more minority students
    –   More courses offered
●   Name 2 ways in which colleges changed during
    the late 1800s.
    –   Many colleges founded
         ●   First black colleges founded Tuskegee & Howard
    –   Total enrollment up by 4
    –   More courses offered
         ●   Not so classical
Literacy Test                      Poll Tax




                   Acts of
                Discrimination


                                 Grandfather
Jim Crow laws
                                   Clause
    Segregation & Discrimination
●   Name 2 ways Southern states restricted voting rights of
    African Americans.
     –   Literacy tests
     –   Poll taxes
     –   Jim Crow laws
●   Name 2 ways blacks had to show respect to whites.
     –   Yield the sidewalk, remove hat
     –   Segregated neighborhoods
●   Name 2 groups that faced discrimination in the West.
     –   Mexicans
     –   Chinese
People              Achievements

Pulitzer & Hearst   Created sensational newspapers

                    Created the first department store in
Marshall Field
                    Chicago, still in business today

F. W. Woolworth     Created the first “5 & dime” stores
        The Dawn of Mass Culture
●   Name 2 activities that were popular at the turn of
    the century.
    –   Amusement parks, bicycles, tennis, boxing, baseball,
        basketball
●   Name 2 ways that newspapers tried to sell more
    copies.
    –   Sensational headlines, made-up stories, exaggeration
●   Name 2 developments in the ways good were
    sold.
    –   Department stores, chains, grocery stores, mail order,
        billboards
    TAKS Objective 1 requirement
●   How did Teddy Roosevelt increase the influence of
    the US as a world power during his presidency?
    –   Supported Panama Canal project (1904 – 1914)
    –   Roosevelt Corollary – added to Monroe Doctrine,
        reinforced the idea that ONLY the US had the right to
        intervene in Latin America
    –   Negotiated an end to the Russo-Japanese War in 1905 &
        won the Nobel Peace Prize
    –   Demonstrated US military power by sending a naval fleet
        on a global cruise in 1907
    –   “Walk softly and carry a big stick.”
TAKS Objective 2 requirements
●   Objective 2 requires you to understand the
    geographic influences on History.
    –   Panama Canal – championed by TR, opened 1914
    –   Patterns of Immigration – 'old' immigrants mostly from
        Northern & Western Europe
    –   Patterns of Migration – many southern Blacks moved to
        northern cities for work
    –   Effects of Population Growth – over crowding, use of
        natural resources
    –   Human Interaction with the environment – building of
        highways, expansion of cities, increase in farmlands
    –   Technology – cars and all related industries, steel &
        construction
TAKS Objective 3 requirements
●   Railroads – led to the further development of cities
    and westward expansion
    –   Towns and cities grew along the RR lines
●   Electricity led to many changes in the way
    Americans lived
    –   More applications for power led to higher demand
●   Trusts proved to be bad for the economy
    –   Less competition, disregard for the worker
    –   Rise of labor unions
    –   Child labor issues
              Objective 3 continued
●   Immigration
    –   Occurred in greater numbers
    –   From South and Eastern Europe
    –   From China & Japan
         ●   Exclusionary actions racially based
●   Urbanization
    –   Cities unable to keep up with growing populations
    –   Crime, fire, sanitation, water, housing
●   Minorities
    –   African Americans targeted in the South
    –   Mexicans and Chinese in the West
TAKS Objective 4 requirements
●   Progressive Era – series of weak Presidents
●   Business is favored by government over the
    individual
●   Amendments:
    –   16th – gives Congress the authority to collect income
        tax
    –   17th – requires direct election of Senators
    –   19th – gives women the right to vote

				
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posted:1/28/2013
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