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					A16             Economic Survey 2011-12

                                 1.11 : INDEX NUMBERS OF YIELD OF PRINCIPAL CROPS
                                                                                                      (Base : Triennium ending 1981-82 = 100)

                                     1970-71    1980-81   1990-91   2000-01    2005-06   2006-07   2007-08   2008-09    2009-10   2010-11a

            1                              2         3         4           5         6         7         8         9         10        11

 A. Foodgrains                          93.2      105.1     137.8     152.8      176.7     180.4     191.1     196.1      184.7      197.4

 (a) Cereals                            89.9      104.9     139.3     156.8      183.4     187.7     199.8     202.8      192.8      208.8
     Rice                               90.2      107.7     140.2     153.2      169.4     171.7     177.4     175.5      171.3      180.5

     Wheat                              82.4      102.8     143.8     170.7      165.1     170.7     176.7     183.3      179.0      185.2

     Coarse Cereals                     97.0      100.2     128.8     142.8      169.7     171.2     207.2     211.3      175.6      221.3

 (b) Pulses                            114.4      106.6     128.1     120.4      133.5     136.5     139.3     147.0      140.4      153.5

     Gram                              115.3      114.3     123.6     129.1      140.3     146.7     132.3     155.3      158.9      155.5

 B. Non-foodgrains                      91.4       99.2     128.0     133.3      163.5     169.9     170.2     150.0      157.8      170.7

 (a) Oilseeds Total   b                102.2       96.8     132.1     134.3      183.7     170.8     188.3     172.9      172.4      185.3

     Groundnut                          99.0       87.5     107.4     116.1      141.0     102.9     173.4     138.1      117.7      150.6

     Rapeseed and Mustard               114.7     110.6     178.3     184.4      220.3     216.0     197.4     225.4      233.2      232.4

 (b) Fibres                             69.5       95.1     139.9     122.2      223.6     256.7     272.9     242.1      248.2      280.3

     Cotton                             66.7       95.4     140.8     118.8      226.9     263.5     292.7     252.1      252.4      319.3

     Jute                               88.6       92.9     136.6     151.0      176.1     174.6     168.4     164.6      185.8      174.7

     Mesta                              83.1       95.6     114.3     136.0      131.3     139.9     141.0     131.9      129.7      130.6

 (c) Plantation Crops                   86.8       97.9     122.2     137.6      137.9     139.7     116.0     115.8      113.4      113.9

     Tea                                80.2      101.1     119.9     113.7      115.3     117.1     112.7     112.7      112.7       112.7

     Coffee                            122.0       84.6     110.2     130.7      124.4     114.7     101.5     100.0      109.0       112.5

     Rubber                             83.2      100.7     137.5     201.5      229.5     240.1     166.0     166.9      154.8      154.8

 (d) Others

     Sugarcane                          88.8      104.6     118.3     124.0      121.0     124.8     124.6     116.8      126.6      124.1

     Tobacco                            74.4       97.7     124.0     120.8      135.8     129.2     129.9     146.4      153.8      153.8

     Potato                             80.7      103.4     127.0     143.8      133.3     116.7     143.2     147.0      155.7      155.7

 C. ALL COMMODITIES                     92.6      102.9     133.8     144.3      180.6     185.8     190.4     178.4      179.4      194.1

Source : Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.
       a   On the basis of Fourth Advance Estimates as on 19.07.2011.
       b   Includes groundnut, rapeseed & mustard, sesamum, linseed, nigerseed, castorseed, safflower, sunflower and soyabean.




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                                                                    A—16
                                                                                       Economic Survey 2011-12                  A17
                                          1.12 : PRODUCTION OF MAJOR CROPS
                                                                                                                                (Tonnes)

 Group/Commodity               Unit   1970-71    1980-81     1990-91    2000-01     2006-07     2007-08   2008-09    2009-10    2010-11a

          1                     2         3           4          5           6           7          8          9         10            11

 Foodgrains                Million      108.4       129.6      176.4       196.8       217.3      230.8      234.4      218.1      241.6
 Kharif                    Million       68.9        77.7       99.4       102.1       110.6      121.0      118.1      104.0      120.2
 Rabi                      Million       39.5        51.9       77.0        94.7       106.7      109.8      116.3      114.1      121.4
 Cereals                   Million       96.6       119.0      162.1       185.7       203.1      216.0      219.9      203.4      223.5
 Kharif                    Million       65.0        73.9       94.0        97.6       105.8      114.6      113.5       99.7      113.1
 Rabi                      Million       31.6        45.1       68.1        88.1        97.3      101.5      106.4      103.7      110.4
 Pulses                    Million       11.8        10.6       14.3        11.0        14.2       14.8       14.6       14.7       18.1
 Kharif                    Million        3.9         3.8        5.4         4.4         4.8        6.4        4.7        4.2          7.1
 Rabi                      Million        7.9         6.8        8.9         6.6         9.4        8.4        9.9       10.5          11.0
 Rice                      Million       42.2        53.6       74.3        85.0        93.4       96.7       99.2       89.1       95.3
 Kharif                    Million       39.5        50.1       66.3        72.8        80.2       82.7       84.9       75.9       80.7
 Rabi                      Million        2.7         3.5        8.0        12.2        13.2       14.0       14.3       13.2       14.6
 Wheat                     Million       23.8        36.3       55.1        69.7        75.8       78.6       80.7       80.8       85.9
 Jowar                     Million        8.1        10.4        11.7        7.5         7.2        7.9        7.2        6.7          6.7
 Kharif                    Million        5.8         7.5        8.3         4.5         3.7        4.1        3.1        2.8          3.5
 Rabi                      Million        2.3         2.9         3.4        3.0         3.4        3.8        4.1        3.9          3.2
 Maize                     Million        7.5         7.0         9.0       12.0        15.1       19.0       19.7       16.7       21.3
 Bajra                     Million        8.0         5.3         6.9        6.8         8.4       10.0        8.9        6.5       10.1
 Gram                      Million        5.2         4.3        5.4         3.9         6.3        5.8        7.1        7.5          8.2
 Tur                       Million        1.9         2.0        2.4         2.2         2.3        3.1        2.3        2.5          2.9
 Oilseedsb                 Million        9.6         9.4       18.6        18.4        24.3       29.8       27.7       24.9       31.1
 Kharif                    Million        7.0         5.0         9.8       11.9        14.0       20.7       17.8       15.7       20.8
 Rabi                      Million        2.6         4.4        8.8         6.5        10.3        9.0        9.9        9.2       10.3
 Groundnut                 Million        6.1         5.0        7.5         6.4         4.9        9.2        7.2        5.4          7.5
 Kharif                    Million         na         3.7        5.1         4.9         3.3        7.4        5.6        3.8          5.7
 Rabi                      Million         na         1.3        2.4         1.5         1.6        1.8        1.6        1.6          1.8
 Rapeseed and Mustard      Million        2.0         2.3        5.2         4.2         7.4        5.8        7.2        6.6          7.7
 Sugarcane                 Million      126.4       154.2      241.0       296.0       355.5      348.2      285.0      292.3      339.2
 Cotton c                  Million        4.8         7.0         9.8        9.5        22.6       25.9       22.3       24.0       33.4
 Jute and Mestad           Million        6.2         8.2         9.2       10.5        11.3       11.2       10.3       11.8       10.6
 Juted                     Million        4.9         6.5         7.9        9.3        10.3       10.2        9.6       11.2       10.0
 Mestad                    Million        1.3         1.7        1.3         1.2         1.0        1.0        0.7        0.6          0.6
 Plantation Crops
 Teae                      Million        0.4         0.6        0.7         0.8         1.0        0.9        0.9        0.9          0.9
 Coffee                    Million        0.1         0.1        0.2         0.3         0.3        0.3        0.3        0.3          0.3
 Rubber                    Million        0.1         0.2        0.3         0.6         0.9        0.8        0.9        0.8          0.8
 Potato                    Million        4.8         9.7       15.2        22.5        22.2       28.5       34.4       36.6       36.6

Sources : Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Tea Board, Coffee Board, Rubber Board.
        a Fourth Advance Estimates as on 19.07.2011.
        b Includes groundnut, rapeseed & mustard, sesamum, linseed, castorseed, nigerseed, safflower, sunflower and soyabean.
        c Bales of 170 Kgs.
        d Bales of 180 Kgs.
        e Calender Year.

     na : Not Available.




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                                                                A—17
A18               Economic Survey 2011-12

                                         1.13 : GROSS AREA UNDER MAJOR CROPS
                                                                                                                         (Million hectares)

 Group/Commodity            1970-71     1980-81    1990-91     2000-01    2005-06     2006-07    2007-08    2008-09    2009-10 2010-11a

   1                           2            3           4          5           6          7           8         9          10           11

 Foodgrains                   124.3       126.7       127.8      121.0       121.6      123.7       124.1     122.8      121.3      125.7
   Kharif                      82.3        83.2        80.8       75.2        72.7       72.7        73.6       71.4      69.5        72.1

   Rabi                        42.0        43.5        47.0       45.8        48.9       51.0        50.5       51.4      51.8        53.6

 Cereals                      101.8       104.2       103.2      100.7        99.2      100.5       100.4     100.7       98.0        99.4
   Kharif                      72.9        72.8        69.3       64.6        62.0       62.0        62.1       61.6      58.9        59.7

   Rabi                        28.9        31.4        33.9       36.1        37.2       38.5        38.4       39.1      39.1        39.7

 Pulses                        22.6        22.5        24.7       20.3        22.4       23.2        23.6       22.1      23.3        26.3
   Kharif                      9.5         10.4        11.5       10.6        10.7       10.7        11.5        9.8      10.6        12.4

   Rabi                        13.1        12.1        13.2        9.7        11.7       12.5        12.1       12.3      12.7        13.9

 Rice                          37.6        40.1        42.7       44.7        43.7       43.8        43.9       45.5      41.9        42.6
   Kharif                      36.0        38.4        39.7       40.7        39.3       39.6        39.5       40.8      37.6        38.0

   Rabi                        1.6          1.7         3.0        4.0         4.3        4.2         4.5        4.7       4.3         4.6

 Wheat                         18.2        22.3        24.2       25.7        26.5       28.0        28.0       27.8      28.5        29.2
 Jowar                         17.4        15.8        14.4        9.9         8.7        8.5         7.8        7.5       7.7         7.1

   Kharif                      10.9        10.2         8.6        4.9         3.8        3.7         3.5        2.9       3.2         3.1

   Rabi                        6.5          5.6         5.8        5.0         4.9        4.8         4.3        4.6       4.5         4.0
 Maize                         5.8          6.0         5.9        6.6         7.6        7.9         8.1        8.2       8.3         8.5

 Bajra                         12.9        11.7        10.5        9.8         9.6        9.5         9.6        8.8       8.9         9.4

 Gram                          7.8          6.6         7.5        5.2         6.9        7.5         7.5        7.9       8.2         9.2
 Tur                           2.7          2.8         3.6        3.6         3.6        3.6         3.7        3.4       3.5         4.4

 Oilseeds     b                16.6        17.6        24.1       22.8        27.9       26.5        26.7       27.5      26.0        26.8

   Kharif                      10.8        10.2        14.0       15.8        17.4       16.8        17.9       18.5      18.0        18.2
   Rabi                        5.8          7.4        10.1        7.0        10.5        9.7         8.8        9.0       8.0         8.6

 Groundnut                     7.3          6.8         8.3        6.6         6.7        5.6         6.3        6.2       5.5         6.0

   Kharif                      na           5.9         6.8        5.7         5.7        4.8         5.3        5.3       4.6         5.0
   Rabi                        na           0.9         1.5        0.9         1.0        0.8         1.0        0.9       0.9         1.0

 Rapeseed and Mustard          3.3          4.1         5.8        4.5         7.3        6.8         5.8        6.3       5.6         6.5

 Sugarcane                     2.6          2.7         3.7        4.3         4.2        5.2         5.1        4.4       4.2         4.9
 Cotton                        7.6          7.8         7.4        8.6         8.7        9.1         9.4        9.4      10.1        11.1

 Jute and Mesta                1.1          1.3         1.0        1.0         0.9        0.9         1.0        0.9       0.9         0.9

   Jute                        0.8          0.9         0.8        0.8         0.8        0.8         0.8        0.8       0.8         0.8
   Mesta                       0.3          0.4         0.2        0.2         0.1        0.1         0.2        0.1       0.1         0.1

 Plantation crops

   Tea (Total area) c          0.4          0.4         0.4        0.5         0.6        0.6         0.6        0.6       0.6         0.6
   Coffee (Plucked area)       0.1          0.2         0.3        0.3         0.3        0.3         0.4        0.4       0.4         0.4

   Rubber (Trapped area)       0.2          0.3         0.5        0.6         0.4        0.5         0.6        0.7       0.7         0.7

   Potato                      0.5          0.7         0.9        1.2         1.4        1.5         1.6        1.8       1.8         1.8

Source : Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.
          a  Fourth Advance Estimates as on 19.07.2011.
          b  Includes groundnut, rapeseed & mustard, sesamum, linseed, castorseed, nigerseed, safflower, sunflower and soyabean.
          c Calender Year.

        na : Not available.




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                                                                  A—18

				
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