Viticulture – Winemaking - Court of Master Sommeliers

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					Court of Master Sommeliers
Introductory Course Outline – 8.1
Schedule

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NO RECORDING OF LECTURE NOTES

Classes and Examinations
The Introductory Sommelier Course



The Certified Sommelier Examination



The Advanced Sommelier Course



The Master Sommelier Examination
Viticulture – Winemaking
Climate                   Fermentation Regimen

Micro Climate Criteria    Temperature

Cost                      Micro-oxygenation

Latitude                  Yeast Selection

Weather                   Maceration

Social Elements           Skin Contact

Grape Variety Selection   Chaptalization

Vineyard Management       Malo-lactic fermentation

Canopy Management         Fermenting Vessels

Diseases and Pests        Fining and Filtration

When to Pick              Cold Stabilization

How to Pick               Barrel Regimen

Yield                     Spoilage concerns

Pressing(s)               Blending decisions

                          Packaging decisions
AOC Rules
Appellation d’Origine Controlée

INAO – Instituit National des Apppellations
d’Origine des Vins et Eaux de Vie

AOC Wine Classifications

Vin de Table

Vin de Pays

VDQS – Vin Delimité de Qualité Supérieure

AOC – Appellation d’Origine Controlée
BORDEAUX
Largest AOC in France      St. Julien

Maritime Climate           Listrac & Moulis

Soils                      Margaux

Red Grape Varieties        Graves and Pessac-Léognan

White Grape Varieties      Sauternes and Barsac

Médoc                      Botrytis – Pourriture Noble

1855 Classification        St. Émilion

First Growths              St. Émilion Satellites

Médoc Communes             Pomerol

Haut-Médoc & St. Estèphe   Bourg & Blaye

Pauillac
                        Sancerre & Pouilly-Fumé
Loire Valley
                        Central Vineyards – other
Location
                        appellations
White Grape Varieties
                        Alsace
Red Grape Varieties
                        Wine Styles
Pays Nantais
                        Regions
Muscadet appellations
                        Geographic setting
Anjou - Saumur
                        Noble Grape Varieties
Savennières
                        Other Grape Varieties
Layon Vineyards
                        Alsace Grand Cru
Saumur
                        Crémant d’Alsace
Touraine
                        Vendange Tardive
Chinon & Bourgueil
                        Sélection de Grains Nobles
Vouvray & Montlouis

Central Vineyards
                           Southern Rhône Varieties
Rhône Valley &
Provence                   Châteauneuf-du-Pape

Climate and Division       Gigondas & Vacqueyras

Appellations               Côtes du Rhône

Northern Rhône Varieties   Côtes du Rhône-Villages

Côte Rôtie                 Tavel & Lirac

Condrieu                   Beaumes de Venise &
                           Vinsobres
St. Joseph
                           Provence
Crozes-Hermitage
                           Grape Varieties
Hermitage
                           Provençal Appellations
Cornas
                             Nuits- St. Georges
Burgundy
History & Overview           Côte de Nuits Grands Crus

Grape Varieties              Côte de Beaune Appellations

AOC Hierarchy & Production   Aloxe-Corton

Chablis                      Beaune & Pommard

Chablis Grands Crus          Volnay & Meursault

Côte d’Or                    Puligny-Montrachet

Côte de Nuits Appellations   Chassagne-Montrachet

Marsannay & Fixin            Côte de Beaune Grands Crus

Gevrey-Chambertin            Côte Chalonnaise

Morey-St. Denis              Mâconnais

Chambolle-Musigny            Beaujolais

Vougeot & Flagey-Échézeaux   Beaujolais Crus

Vosne-Romanée
Languedoc-             Southwest France
Roussillon
                       Bergerac
Languedoc-Roussillon
                       Pécharment
Appellations
                       Monbazillac
Minervois
                       Madiran
Corbières
                       Cahors
Wine Styles

Grape Varieties

Roussillon

Côtes du Roussillon

Collioure

Vin Doux Naturel

Vin de Liqueur
Sparkling Wine                Champagne
Methods of Production         Champagne Grape Varieties

Classic Method (Méthode       Champagne Regions
Champenoise)
                              Champagne Styles
Primary Fermentation
                              Prestige Cuvée Champagnes
Secondary Fermentation
                              Dryness/Sweetness
Riddling and Disgorgement
                              Other French Sparkling Wines
Transfer Method
                              American Sparkling Wines
Charmat (Cuve Close) Method
                              Italian Sparkling Wines
Carbonation
                              Spanish Sparkling Wines
                                  Rioja DOCa
Spain
History – Climate                 Alta – Alavesa – Baja
Geography                         Vino Joven – Vino de Crianza
White Grape Varieties             Reserva – Gran Reserva
Red Grape Varieties               Navarra
Cava Varieties                    Ribera del Duero
Wine Classifications – Vino de    Castilla: La Mancha
Mesa (VdM)
                                  Tarragona – Penedés
Vino de la Tierra (VdlT)
                                  Tarragona – Priorat DOCa
Vinos de Calidad con Indicaciòn
Geografica (VCIG)                 Toro & Rueda
Denominaciòn de Origen (DO)
                                  Sherry
Denominaciòn de Origen
Calificada (DOCa)                 Soil Types

DO Pagos                          Grape Varieties

Vino Joven – Noblé – Añejo –      Vinification
Viejo
                                  Flor – Saccharomyces Beticus
Crianza – Reserva – Gran
Reserva                           Solera System

Galicia – Rias Baixas             Sherry Styles
Portugal                   Port
History                    History
Vinho de Mesa              Port Grape Varieties
Vinho Regional (VR)        Soils
Indicaçao de Provenencia   Fortification
Regulamentada (IPR)
                           Port Styles
Denominaçao de Origem
Controlada (DOC)           Ruby Port
White Grape Varieties
                           Tawny Port
Red Grape Varieties

Vinhos Regionals
                           Madeira
                           Grape Varieties
DOC Regions
                           Estufagem
Minho (Vinho Verde)
                           Varietal Madeiras
Porto & Douro
                           Other Madeira Styles
Dão

Bairrada

Borba & Alentejo

Madeira
                          Tequila & Mezcal
Beer
Essential Ingredients     Eaux de Vie

Beer & Ale Styles         Rum

Saké                      Malt Whisky
Components
                          Malt Whisky Regions
Semaibuai & Nihonshu-do
                          Irish Whiskeys
Saké Styles
                          Bourbon
Saké Brewing process
                          Canadian Whisky
Saké Terms
                          Cognac

Spirits                   Cognac Growing Zones
Continuous Still
                          Armagnac
Pot Still
                          Armagnac Regions
White & Brown Spirits
                          Calvados
Vodka
                          Liqueurs & Cordials
Gin & Aquavit
                                 Lombardy
Italy - North
Overview                         Trentino Alto Adige

Wine Classifications             Liguria

Vino da Tavola                   Emilia-Romagna

Indicazione de Geografica        Veneto
Tipica (IGT)
                                 Grape Varieties
Denominazione di Origine
Controllata (DOC)
                                 Valpolicella
Denominazione di Origine
                                 Ripasso
Controllata e Garantita (DOCG)
                                 Recioto Wines & Amarone
Piedmont

Grape Varieties                  Bardolino

Appellations                     Prosecco & Soave

Barolo                           Friuli Venezia Giulia

Barbaresco                       Key Regions

Other Piedmont appellations      Grape Varieties

Valle d’Aosta
Italy – South            Latium

Tuscany                  Abruzzo & Molise

Grape Varieties          Campania

Appellations             Regions

Chianti                  Grape Varieties

Chianti Subzones         Apulia

Brunello di Montalcino   Grape Varieties

Other Tuscan Wines       Basilicata & Calabria

                         Sicily
Marches
                         Regions
Umbria
                         Sardinia
Grape Varieties
                         The Islands
                                  Mosel
Germany
Overview
                                  Saar-Ruwer

Grape Varieties
                                  Rheingau

Regional Terms
                                  Rheinhessen

Wine Classifications
                                  Pfalz

QmP Pradikate
                                  Nahe & other Anbaugebieten

Qualitätswein bestimmter
Anbaugebiete (QbA)


Qualitätswein mit Pradikat
(QmP)


Kabinett – Spätlese – Auslese –
Beerenauslese – Eiswein -
Trockenbeerenauslese
Austria                  Hungary
Austria Overview         Tokaji

Grape Varieties          Grape Varieties

Wine Classifications     Tokaji Production

Wachau Classifications
                         Greece
Major Regions
                         Wine Categories
Lower Austria
                         White Grape Varieties
(Niederösterreich)
                         Red Grape Varieties
Wachau
                         Major Regions
Kamptal
                         Macedonia
Burgenland
                         Peleponnese
Steiermark (Styria)
                         Aegean Islands
Wien
                               Oregon Appellations
North America
American Viticultural Areas    Willamette Valley

Estate Bottling Requirements   Willamette AVAs

Label Laws                     Washington State AVAs

California                     Midwest AVAs

Major Regions                  New York Appellations

Napa County Appellations
                               South America
Sonoma County Appellations     Chile - geography

Mendocino-Lake County          Grape Varieties
Appellations
                               Chilean Regions
San Francisco Bay Area
Appellations                   Chile – Key Districts

Monterey County Appellations   Argentina

Paso Robles – Edna Valley      Grape Varieties

Santa Barbara County           Regions
Appellations
                               Mendoza Subregions
Australia                       New Zealand
Overview                        History

Grape Varieties                 Grape Varieties

Geographic Indications (GI)     North Island

GI Quality Categories           North Island Appellations

South Eastern Australia Super   South Island
Zone
                                South Island Appellations
New South Wales

Victoria
                                South Africa
                                History & Climate
South Australia
                                Grape Varieties
Western Australia
                                Wine of Origin System
Tasmania
                                Wine Regions

                                Coastal Region

                                Boberg Region

                                Breede River and Overberg
Qualitätswein Regions (Anbaugebiete) (13)
Mosel-Saar-Ruwer
Rheingau
Rheinhessen
Rheinpfalz (Pfalz)
Nahe
Mittelrhein
Franken
Hessische Bergstrasse
Ahr
Baden
Württemberg
Sachsen
Salle-Unstrut

Grands Crus of Chablis
Bougros
Blanchots
Les Clos
Grenouilles
Les Preuses
Valmur
Vaudésir

The Crus of Beaujolais
Brouilly
Chénas
Chiroubles
Côte de Brouilly
Fleurie
Juliénas
Morgon
Moulin-a-Vent
Régnie
St. Amour
                    BORDEAUX 1855 CLASSIFICATION
                         with 1973 Revision
                Premier Crus                        Ch La Grange               St Julien
Ch Lafite-Rothschild          Pauillac              Ch Langoa-Barton           St Julien
Ch Latour                     Pauillac              Ch La Lagune           Ludon-Haut Medoc
Ch Mouton-Rothschild          Pauillac              Ch Calon-Segur             St Estephe
     (2nd Cru in 1855, elevated in 1973)
Ch Margaux                    Margaux                              Quatrième Crus
Ch Haut-Brion                 Graves                Ch St-Pierre                  St Julien
                             Pessac-Léognan         Ch Talbot                     St Julien
                                                    Ch Branaire-Ducru             St Julien
               Deuxième Crus                        Ch Beychevelle                St Julien
Ch Rausan-Segla              Margaux                Ch Pouget               Cantenac-Margaux
Ch Rauzan-Gassies            Margaux                Ch Prieure-Lichine      Cantenac-Margaux
Ch Durfort-Vivens            Margaux                Ch Marquis-de-Terme           Margaux
Ch Lascombes                 Margaux                Ch Duhart-Milon               Pauillac
Ch Brane-Cantenac       Cantenac-Margaux            Ch La Tour-Carnet St Laurent-Haut Medoc
Ch Leoville-Las Cases        St Julien              Ch Lafon-Rochet               St Estephe
Ch Leoville-Poyferre         St Julien
Ch Leoville-Barton           St Julien                             Cinquième Crus
Ch Gruaud-Larose             St Julien              Ch Pontet-Canet               Pauillac
Ch Ducru-Beaucaillou         St Julien              Ch Batailley                  Pauillac
Ch Pichon-Longueville        Pauillac               Ch Haut-Batailley             Pauillac
Ch Pichon-Longueville-Lalande Pauillac              Ch Grand-Puy-Lacoste          Pauillac
Ch Cos-d'Estournel           St Estephe             Ch Grand-Puy-Ducasse          Pauillac
Ch Montrose                  St Estephe             Ch Lynch-Bages                Pauillac
                                                    Ch Lynch-Moussas              Pauillac
              Troisième Crus                        Ch Mouton-d'Armailhacq        Pauillac
Ch Kirwan               Cantenac-Margaux            Ch Haut-Bages-Liberal         Pauillac
Ch D'Issan              Cantenac-Margaux            Ch Pedesclaux                 Pauillac
Ch Giscours             Labarde-Margaux             Ch Clerc-Milon                Pauillac
Ch Malescot-St-Exupery       Margaux                Ch Croizet-Bages              Pauillac
Ch Boyd-Cantenac        Cantenac-Margaux            Ch Dauzac                 Labarde-Margaux
Ch Cantenac-Brown       Cantenac-Margaux            Ch du Tertre              Arsac-Margaux
Ch Palmer               Cantenac-Margaux            Ch Belgrave          St Laurent-Haut Medoc
Ch Desmirail                 Margaux                Ch Camensac          St Laurent-Haut Medoc
Ch Ferriere                  Margaux                Ch Cantemerle            Macau-Haut Medoc
Ch Marquis-d'Alesme-Becker Margaux                  Ch Cos-Labory                 St Estephe


            Total                       1er   2me    3me    4me   5me
            1       Graves              1     0      0      0     0
            5       St Estephe          0     2      1      1     1
            5       Haut Medoc          0     0      1      1     3
            11      St Julien           0     5      2      4     0
            18      Pauillac            3     2      0      1     12
            21      Margaux             1     5      10     3     2
           Important DOCGs
Asti (Piedmont – sparkling)
Barbaresco (Piedmont – red)
Barolo (Piedmont – red)
Gattinara (Piedmont – red)
Ghemme (Piedmont – red)
Moscato d’Asti (Piedmont – white)
Gavi (Piedmont – white)
Franciacorta (Lombardy – sparkling)
Valtellina Superiore (Lombardy – red)
Soave Superiore (Veneto – white)
Bardolino Superiore (Veneto – red)
Brunello di Montalcino (Tuscany – red)
Carmignano (Tuscany – red)
Chianti (Tuscany – red)
Chianti Classico (Tuscany – red)
Vernaccia di San Gimignano (Tuscany – white)
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano (Tuscany – red)
Torgiano Rosso Riserva (Umbria – red)
Taurasi (Campania – red)
Vermentino di Gallura (Sardinia – white)

				
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