Lights Over Kruunuvuorenranta JURY REPORT - Laituri - Helsinki by linxiaoqin

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									IGHTS     OVER
  KRUUNUVUORENRANTA




                      HELSINKI
                    JURY REPORT
       INTERNATIONAL INVITATIONAL COMPETITION
TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.    COMPETITION ARRANGEMENTS
1.1   Organiser, nature and purpose of the competition
1.2   Competition format and participants
1.3   Jury
1.4   Start and end of the competition
1.5   Rules of the competition; approval of the competition programme
1.6   Questions concerning the competition


2.    COMPETITION PROJECT
2.1   Competition objectives
2.2   Design instructions


3.    GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF THE COMPETITION


4.    ASSESSMENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL ENTRIES
4.1   Entry ”Into the light”
      Boards for the entry ”Into the light”
      Description by the creators of the entry ”Into the light”
4.2   Entry ”Luonnonlyhdyt”
      Boards for the entry ”Luonnonlyhdyt”
      Description by the creators of the entry ”Luonnonlyhdyt”
4.3   Entry ”Aurora”
      Boards for the entry ”Aurora”
      Description by the creators of the entry ”Aurora”
4.4   Entry ”Framescape”
      Boards for the entry ”Framescape”
      Description by the creators of the entry ”Framescape”


5.    RESULTS OF THE COMPETITION AND FUTURE STEPS


6.    SIGNING THE RECORD


7.    OPENING THE NAME ENVELOPES

7.1   First prizes

7.2   Other entries in alphabetical order
1. COMPETITION ARRANGEMENTS                                • Riitta Jalkanen, Project Manager, Helsinki City
                                                           Planning Department, Kruunuvuorenranta project
1.1 Organiser, nature and purpose of the compe-
tition                                                     • Jari Tirkkonen, Project Leader, Helsinki Economic
                                                           and Planning Centre
The “Lights over Kruunuvuorenranta” competition
was organised by the City of Helsinki. The compe-          • Olli Markkanen, Unit Manager, Helsingin Energia
tition was part of the World Design Capital Helsinki
2012 programme, whose goal it is to promote the            • Juhani Sandström, Chief of Outdoor Lighting, Hel-
city’s development through design. The Kruunuvuo-          sinki Public Works Department
renranta art lighting project will be unveiled through
two projects in 2012.                                      • Marjatta Uusitalo, Cityscape Architect, Building
                                                           Control Department
The design of the new residential area for Kruunu-
vuorenranta places particular emphasis on lighting         • Anne Bureau, Lighting Designer PLDA, represen-
solutions and light art. The purpose of the competiti-     tative of the Professional Lighting Designers’ Asso-
on was to establish the principles for artistic lighting   ciation (PLDA)
in Kruunuvuorenranta, on the basis of which secti-         • Vesa Honkonen, Architect
on-specific implementation plans can be prepared.
                                                           • Marjut Kauppinen, Architect SAFA, representative
                                                           of the Illuminating Engineering Society of Finland
1.2 Competition format and participants                    • Elina Ahdeoja, Architect, City of Helsinki City Plan-
The competition was organised as an international          ning Department,
invitational competition, with the invitees selected       Kruunuvuorenranta project, secretary
via an open registration procedure. The procedure
followed the Finnish Act on Public Contracts. Alto-        The evaluation team member Vesa Honkonen did
gether, 51 applications to participate were sent by        not participate in the work of the evaluation team
the deadline on 24 January 2012. The competitors           during the competition’s evaluation stage.
were required to form design teams that included at
least an artistic and technical specialist in lighting,
an architect or industrial designer or a specialist with
similar training, a landscape architect, and a city        1.4 Start and end of the competition
planner. The decision on the selected competition
                                                           The competition began on 12 April 2012 and ended
entrants was made by the City Planning Board on
                                                           on 1 August 2012. An introductory seminar was held
the basis of a proposal by the competition jury. Four
                                                           for the entrants on 26 April 2012, when the desig-
international teams were selected as the entrants
                                                           ners saw Kruunuvuorenranta in its current state and
on the basis of the references specified during the
                                                           had an opportunity to ask questions about the com-
registration and the team’s composition, according
                                                           petition project.
to the selection criteria specified in the procurement
notice.                                                    All four teams submitted entries in accordance with
                                                           the competition programme by the deadline.

                                                           The results of the competition will be announced in
1.3 Jury
                                                           October 2012 at the same time as the first work of
The competition entries were assessed by a jury.           light art in Kruunuvuorenranta (Silo 468) is unveiled.
The jury consisted of the following members ap-
pointed by the competition organiser:
                                                           1.5 Rules of the competition; approval of the
• Hannu Penttilä, Deputy Mayor, Chair of the jury
                                                           competition programme
• Pekka Sauri, Deputy Mayor, Vice-Chair
                                                           The competition followed the competition program-
• Tuomas Rajajärvi, Department Chief, Helsinki City        me. The competition programme and its enclosures
Planning Department                                        were approved by the competition organiser, jury
                                                           and representatives of the associations.
• Raimo K. Saarinen, City Engineer, Helsinki Public
Works Department                                           The competition is subject to Finnish law. Any dispu-
                                                           tes that could not be resolved by negotiation would
• Seppo Ruohonen (12 April – 31 June 2012),                have been resolved by Finnish courts, the Helsin-
Managing Director, Helsingin Energia, and Jarmo            ki District Court resolving those that come under
Karjalainen (1 August – 10 October 2012), Director,        district court jurisdiction.
Helsingin Energia
The competition language was English. The entries         3. GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF THE COMPETITI
were required to be prepared in English.                  ON

                                                          The Kruunuvuorenranta lighting design competition
                                                          was the first competition for lighting design on this
1.6 Questions concerning the competition                  scale organised in Finland.
The entrants had an opportunity to ask questions at       The teams selected for the competition were ex-
the introductory seminar held on 26 April 2012 and        tremely skilled professionally, and each of them
via e-mail.                                               presented a strong vision of the future identity of
                                                          Kruunuvuorenranta and its role as a seaside district
                                                          of Helsinki. Some of the entrants had placed more
2. COMPETITION PROJECT                                    emphasis on the light art and the possibilities in the
                                                          area’s construction process, while others focused
2.1 Competition objectives                                on the lighted environment created for the future
                                                          residents of the area and the identity built with the
Kruunuvuorenranta is one of Helsinki’s most pro-          help of light.
minent marine façades. The intention is to make
Kruunuvuorenranta into a district based on a cohe-        It is a very demanding task to create a lighting plan
rent lighting design that is unique both nationally       that is artistically oriented, presents ideas for so-
and internationally. The purpose of the competition       lutions for the whole area as well as each section,
was to create an artistically-oriented lighting plan      and is also feasible.
for Kruunuvuorenranta that is visually, ecologically
and technically sustainable and that can be used to
implement the lighting. The lighting must increase
the attractiveness of the area in a visually and
technically sustainable manner.



2.2 Design instructions

The intention was to make Kruunuvuorenranta –
and its western and southern shores, as a façade
that is extensively visible towards the city centre,
Suomenlinna and the sea – an artistically ambitious,
lit entity that claims its place in the overall scene-
ry. The competition assignment was to prepare an
overall plan for the artistic lighting of the western
and southern shores. The competition entry should
provide proposals for the view from a distance as
well as the neighbourhood lighting solutions, and to
specify the locations for changing works of light art
and light events.

The plan should fit in with Helsinki’s central, valuab-
le overall scenery and its lighting and create signi-
ficant new content for the lighting of the capital. At
the same time, the plan should conform to Helsinki’s
fairly subdued principles of lighting. In the entries,
the lighting should constitute a controlled, artistic
whole that displayed Kruunuvuorenranta’s entire
shore façade to the sea and in the direction of the
city centre.

The lighting should develop the identity of the Kruu-
nuvuori area, introducing ideas for highlighting the
characteristics of Kruunuvuorenranta’s natural con-
ditions and the future buildings, outdoor spaces and
structures by means of lighting at different times
of the year. The lighting should be based on eco-
logically and technically sustainable solutions that
would also be technically and economically feasible.
4. ASSESSMENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL ENTRIES                      that it reacts to the changes in both seasons as well
                                                             as times of day.
4.1 Entry ”Into the light”
                                                             Artistic general impression
General description of the entry
                                                             The lighting concept is subtle and justifiably frag-
Natural light and the changing seasons play a lar-           mented, and it lets the experiences of nature, chan-
ge role in the entry ”Into the Light”. The concept of        ges in seasons, architecture, scenery, Silo 468, light
the entry is based on observations, strengthening            events and light art play the main roles. The lighting
the features of the environment and emphasising              concept’s relationship with the change of seasons
its special characteristics, and it presents Kruu-           and natural light has humility. Darkness is the basis,
nuvuorenranta as a unique district of light that             where the immediate surroundings are observed
complements a maritime capital. In the view from a           and maintained with a smaller amount of light, the-
distance, the lighting is divided in sections that fol-      re are several good locations for light art, and the
low the rhythm of the shoreline and the features of          work of light art Silo 468 is showcased in the shore
the landscape. The trees to be planted according to          landscape as the landmark it is.
the entry will be lighted, creating a balance between
nature and the constructed environment.                      When the planned lighting is taken into account in
                                                             the area’s construction and environmental design
Suitability to the challenging environment and ove-          and materials, the lighting control will create natural
rall scenery                                                 added value for the district. The lighting becomes a
                                                             recognisable feature of the area (winter–summer,
The goal of the lighting is to highlight the different       public–private), especially in the shore areas.
areas in Kruunuvuorenranta, the urban spaces,
vegetation and scenery. The importance of the co-            Impressiveness, imaginativeness and attractiveness
lours and materials of the buildings is great, both in
daylight as well as in artificial lighting. The façades      When viewed from a distance, the character of the
will not be lit directly. The lighting in the public areas   area is balanced and does not contrast with the
is functionally sufficient and, if necessary, controls       characteristics of the view during the day. The simp-
can be used to increase the amount of light (au-             le basic concept creates logical and innovative wal-
tumn, spring). The area has been designed to be              kways and views from close by in the constructed
seen in three-dimensional sections that are lit with         environment at the shore area. The use of light’s
different intensities to enhance the richness of the         colour temperature as a guide (cooler in the larger
shoreline. Both within the area and in the scenery,          streets and increasingly warmer when moving into
the entry brings the experience of nature as it is to        the more private areas) creates a special atmosphe-
centre stage.                                                re for different areas in a simple but effective way.

The purposefully ”massed” light provides firm sup-           Light events and light art have been given a chance
port to the architecture of the area. The lighting           to succeed from each artist’s and creator’s starting
methods and the different roles of the light fittings        point. The light silos presented in the design are an
placed at different heights seem to be feasible in           example of works of art that can be built in the area.
principle. Because the light is directed down from
above, it is not directed towards the sky, but the           The entry emphasises human factors – the impor-
solution as a whole method of lighting requires ca-          tance for people’s well-being of carefully designed
reful further planning. The saplings to be planted will      lighting with a high quality implementation. The
not create the desired lighting effect during the first      point of view is important and topical, and it should
15–20 years. The lighting effect may be reduced              be included as a significant factor in the environ-
to sharp points and become aggressive instead of             mental and construction design of the area.
being balanced and clear as planned.
                                                             Visual and technical sustainability
The changing lighting works together with the chan-
                                                             The use of different colour temperatures at different
ging amount and colour of natural light. During the
                                                             heights can create a muddled effect and requires
winter, the lighting will be of a warmer shade than
                                                             careful further planning. The proposed lighting
during the spring and autumn. The transition from
                                                             methods and lamp post heights must be reviewed
public urban space to private space can be seen
                                                             during the further planning so that they meet the
from the light’s colour temperature: the lighting in
                                                             requirements of functionality and the cityscape. A
the courtyards is of a warmer shade than the ligh-
                                                             central element of the design is lighting trees; the
ting on the streets or the waterfront walkway.
                                                             visualisations shown of the lighting are contradicto-
”Into the Light” proposes that a versatile LED ligh-         ry. If the trees are illuminated from above, the lower
ting product family should be used, where the lo-            surfaces of the foliage are not lit, and if they are illu-
west installed height for a light fitting would be 0.8       minated from below as some images show, there is
m and the highest 9 m. The lighting is controlled so         a large risk of glare and light being directed towards
the sky.                                                  than usual, because the control system is new and
                                                          versatile, but the operating costs may be lower
Energy efficiency and lighting control                    than average. There are not many experiences of
                                                          the control system yet. The entry does not contain
LED lighting and control are justified when desig-        an estimate of the construction or maintenance
ning a district that will be under construction for the   costs.
following 20–30 years. The technical specifications
stated are the best that can be currently achieved
with the technology presented. The use of wind
power or solar energy as the power source for the
lighting separately for each light fitting seems to be
inappropriate for the purpose and expensive from
the point of view of both construction and mainte-
nance.

Technical feasibility, structural quality factors

  Posts and other elements related to the light fit-
tings are proposed to be implemented with durable
equipment of high quality. The problem is a lack of
a light fitting with an arm in the proposed product
family. Implementing the plan requires careful furt-
her development and combining it together with the
street, park and construction plans in an early plan-
ning stage.

Environmental friendliness and life-cycle properties

The products can be used again as needed in diffe-
rent locations in the area, after additional features
have been added or the fittings have been remodel-
led. The lamps, control components and reflectors
used can be replaced separately, if necessary.

Safety

The lighting can be constructed to meet the functio-
nal lighting requirements of the area. With the help
of control, the amount of light is adjusted according
to the amount of natural light, weather and season.
In the plan, the lighting of more private areas is pre-
sented only on general principles, and its features
cannot be evaluated.

Serviceability, maintainability

The proposed light fittings are all from the same
durable product family, which makes care and
maintenance easier. In order to control the colour
temperature of the LED lighting as planned, new
and durable control technology is needed.

Consideration of physical environmental factors

The plan has carefully investigated the identity of a
shore area in Helsinki: Kruunuvuorenranta is seen
as a complement to the shore landscape of the city
centre, not as its competitor. The lighting concept
grows from the natural scenery and the characteris-
tics of the design area.

Expenses

The construction costs will most likely be higher
4.2 Entry ”Luonnonlyhdyt”                                   from light fittings installed in niches and on low
                                                            bollards. It is possible to implement the plan by
General description of the entry                            developing the area’s building instructions so that
                                                            the suggested lighting method and architecture join
”Luonnonlyhdyt” holds darkness as a background              together naturally.
for the lighting, just like the landscape is a backg-
round for the architecture created by human beings.         It is not possible to implement all the ideas as they
Natural light and darkness play several roles in the        are; they need development to function as parts of
entry. The designers have considered the meaning            permanent lighting instead of parts of light events or
of light usage as a factor in the social and commu-         temporary installations.
nal atmosphere of the area. The views seen in the
changing natural light, the materials used in the           Impressiveness, imaginativeness and attractiveness
area, the characteristics of different seasons and
human activity are woven together into a lighting           The proposed plan joins communality and a village
concept that follows natural values. Designing dark-        feel with lighting methods and the content of light
ness as proposed gives an opportunity to observe            events in a moving way. The dialogue of darkness
celestial bodies and the night views over the sea.          and light emphasises the creators’ desire to set the
The lighting constructed by humans reacts to the            focus of the area on observing nature, times of day,
amount of natural light both with the amount and            seasons and the night sky in the new maritime resi-
colour temperature of light.                                dential area.

Artistic general impression                                 The lighting as seen from the city centre is muted
                                                            and the work of light art Silo 468 is the most promi-
The plan is detail-oriented and proposes that light         nent element in the landscape when it is dark. The
should be used when appropriate, but only in small          focal experiential points are formed inside the block
amounts. The end result is a beautiful whole, with          structure. The lighting on the shores also primarily
the particular strength of focusing on the resident’s       supports the environmental experience of a person
point of view. The entry concentrates on handling           moving in Kruunuvuorenranta and has less of an
the interior features of the area, but it is difficult to   effect on the view from a distance.
estimate the effect of the lighted whole to the overall
scenery. The details are sensitive and inventive.           Visual and technical sustainability

Among other places, such as the Silo 468 in the             The design of the lighting methods is open-minded.
shore area, different reflective roof and landscape         The focus on details is a great challenge for both
surfaces and charging spots for portable lanterns           visual and technical durability. The plan has good
have been proposed as locations specially dedica-           ideas, and developing them can create a new kind
ted to light art. The idea of points of light that move     of lighted urban environment that emphasises com-
from their charging points in the dark landscape            munality.
is fascinating, but it would work best as a part of a
light event. In the dark, the work of light art Silo 468    Energy efficiency and lighting control
in Kruunuvuorenranta is displayed towards the city          The extremely low lighting levels and a determin-
centre and Suomenlinna more prominently than the            ed and energy-saving control idea make the entry
other lighting of the district.                             energy-efficient. LED technology gives the most
Suitability to the challenging environment and ove-         flexible solutions for lighting control, even though it
rall scenery                                                is also possible to control the other proposed light
                                                            sources.
The roots of the lantern theme go deep in history:
Earlier in history, the property owners in the cities       Technical feasibility, structural quality factors
were obligated to acquire and maintain outdoor              The plan presents technical specifications on the
lighting themselves. Via the ”lanterns”, the residents      light fittings, light sources and special materials. The
of Kruunuvuorenranta would be offered a chance,             control is used in e.g. Saaristolaivastonkatu Street,
and the tools, to have an effect on the lighting and        where the colour temperature of the lighting is plan-
atmosphere in their home block.                             ned to change depending on the time (a cool white
The entry proposes that the green areas in the city         6500 K during the rush hour, with a warmer colour
plan should be opened up and the natural charac-            temperature of 2700 K later at night). Hanging light
teristics of the area should be used as a factor to         fittings with dimming are proposed to be installed
strengthen the identity. Kruunuvuorenranta is seen          over the carriageway, while the light fittings for the
as a link in the chain of parks in Helsinki and the         pedestrian and bicycle route would be attached to
maritime residential area that complements it.              walls. On the seaside edge, the plan is to attach
                                                            light fittings to trees. Implementing the lighting
The intimate atmosphere in the courtyards is cre-           methods requires careful further development of
ated by the light streaming from the windows and            the plan. The area will be in construction for a long
period of time, which means that the hanging light
fittings proposed between the buildings must be
temporarily installed on posts before the buildings
themselves are ready.

Environmental friendliness and life-cycle properties

Well-considered lighting methods, the use of natu-
ral light, lighting control and conserving darkness
produce a sustainable whole, even if it does require
further development.

Safety

The plan aims for a very conservative amount of
light, but the city spaces have a clear, legible hierar-
chy. In critical areas (pedestrian and bicycle cros-
sings, low-speed residential roads and other func-
tionally demanding areas) the amount of light must
be adjusted to the activity and the lighting levels of
the environment during further planning.

Serviceability, maintainability

The planned solutions are mainly common. Light
fittings with wooden fixtures, portable lanterns and
minimalistic courtyard lighting require the further
development of the solutions and also a close co-
operation with the designers of the buildings in the
area.

Consideration of physical environmental factors

The creators have wanted to design darkness and
support observations of the changes in natural light
and the seasons, especially from the direction of
Kruunuvuorenranta. The focus has been on plan-
ning the immediate surroundings of habitation and
creating ideas for light events at the cost of pre-
senting the features of the landscape when viewed
from a distance.

The fresh plan that creates immaterial levels for
the area also takes the physical environment of the
area into account.

Expenses

Expenses will be on a usual level, especially if the
solutions for the special equipment (lanterns, lights
in trees) are developed further. There has not been
much experience on the control systems yet. The
entry does not contain an estimate of the construc-
tion or maintenance costs. The temporary installa-
tions of hanging lights will create additional expen-
ses, but due to the area’s long construction period,
the lighting needs to be partly built on temporary
structures in any case.
4.3 Entry ”Aurora”                                          or remains incomplete.

General description of the entry                            Energy efficiency and lighting control

The entry ”Aurora” is based on five architectural           The lighting has been designed to be implemented
and lighting elements. It proposes using materials          and controlled with LED technology.
that reflect sunlight and function with both natural
and electric light on the façades of the buildings on       Technical feasibility, structural quality factors
the shore. Someone looking from the direction of
the city centre can see lighted ”icebreakers” over          The icebreakers are expensive to implement and
the sea in Kruunuvuorenranta and high light masts           maintain in the number proposed for the deep water
that are illuminated like beacons in Koirasaaret. The       channel. The specifications of the architecture of the
lighting of the waterfront walkway has been desig-          building façades must be taken to a detailed level in
ned to look as if it was filtered through foliage on the    order to realise the ”shimmer” impression. Maritime
surface of the walkway. A work of laser art inspired        and aviation regulations and building costs prevent
by the northern lights is directed towards the sky          the implementation of the works of laser art in the
from the tops of the silos every night.                     proposed extent.

Artistic general impression                                 Environmental friendliness and life-cycle properties

The source of inspiration for the solutions of ”Au-         Based on the material presented, the equipment
rora” is nature and the way light behaves on diffe-         and light fittings needed for implementation are
rent materials. The entry combines architecture, a          common with the exception of lasers.
sense of togetherness (Kruunuvuorenranta – city             Safety
centre) and methods of lighting. The effect of the
synthesis of the concept’s themes is dependent on           Based on the presented information, the street are-
all of the elements: If one of them was not realised,       as and the shore would be safe in the usual way.
the whole would suffer. The lighting reacts to the          It would be possible to realise the lighting levels
amount of natural light and the change of seasons           required by the City of Helsinki in public areas. The
with changes in the light’s colour temperatures (the        implementation of the work of laser art in the pro-
colour temperature is cool in spring/autumn, warm           posed size seems unlikely from the point of view of
in winter). A whole that interacts with the changes in      aviation and maritime safety.
seasons has been designed with the help of lighting
and architectural components.                               Serviceability, maintainability

The entry focuses on the components of the view             With the exception of lasers, the equipment is com-
from a distance and is more general regarding the           mon. The icebreakers would most likely cause a
solutions in the interior of the area. The nature of        need for yearly maintenance.
the lighting of streets, plazas and courtyards is not
described.                                                  Consideration of physical environmental factors

Suitability to the challenging environment and ove-         The use of reflective materials on façades as sug-
rall scenery                                                gested is interesting, but it would require further
                                                            development to prevent glare and non-sustainable
The strength of the entry is in the clarity of its parts,   effects at close range. The lighted ”icebreakers” that
but the relationship of the whole with the overall          are proposed to be built would be fun and suitable
scenery remains somewhat detached. The impres-              for different purposes but, due to the depth of the
sion made by the work of laser light art and the light      sea, expensive to implement.
masts may blur the hierarchy between the old cent-
ral areas and the maritime Kruunuvuorenranta.               The tall candle imagery proposed for Koirasaaret
                                                            seems to be in conflict with the main role played lo-
Impressiveness, imaginativeness and attractiveness          cally by Haakoninlahti. Haakoninlahti is reported to
                                                            be the most active and densely populated site, but
The entry aims to promote the characteristics of            the self-illuminated high beacons seem to take away
Kruunuvuorenranta by the methods of modern ar-              a part of the intensity of the area’s core.
chitecture and lighting in an exemplary way. But if
even one of the sub-themes is not realised, the st-         Expenses
rength of the experience is diminished.
                                                            The costs of the lighting solutions would be high due
Visual and technical sustainability                         to the extra construction involved. The implementati-
                                                            on costs of the work of laser art are high.
There is little information presented on the street
lighting and general lighting. Visual sustainability will
suffer, if even one of the components is not realised
                                                                                                                          C




                                                        A
                                                                                       SHIMMER
                                                                                                                                          D




                                                        IMPLEMENTATION   INSPIRATION
                                                        B
                                                                                                                                                  D




                                                                                       DAPPLED LIGHT




                                                        IMPLEMENTATION   INSPIRATION




         LIGHTS OVER KRUUNUVUORENRANTA - OVERALL PLAN
                                                        C
                                                                                                                              A
                                                                                                                                      B
                                                                                                                                  C




                                                                                       CANDLE WELCOME
                                                        IMPLEMENTATION   INSPIRATION
                                                                                                                                                          E




                                                                                                                      B

                                                                                                              A
                                                                                                                  C




                                                        D
                                                                                                                                                      D




                                                                                       ICEBREAKERS
                                                        IMPLEMENTATION   INSPIRATION




                                                        E
                                                                                                                  B
                                                                                                                                              D
                                                        IMPLEMENTATION
                                                        IMPLEMENTATION   INSPIRATION




                                                                                       LIGHTS ABOVE - EVENT
                                                                                                                                      D




aurora
ELEVATION




AERIAL IMAGE                                               LOCATIONS OF LIGHT EVENTS + ART   EXAMPLES OF LIGHT EVENTS + ART




                  KRUUNUVUORI                    HAAKONINLAHTI                                                                KOIRASAARI ISLANDS




LOCATION AND VALUATION OF DARK AREAS




LIGHTS OVER KRUUNUVUORENRANTA - ELEVATION AND LIGHT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                   aurora
                                                                                                                                                                              SENSE OF ARRIVAL
                                                                                                                                                                              - A PROPOSAL FOR THE ENTRANCE AREA TO MAXIMISE THE VIEWS
                                                                                                                                                                              TO THE SEA AND KRUUNUVUORENRANTA




FACADES OF WATERFRONT HOUSES - DAY
- SHIMMER




                                                                                             KOIRASAARI ISLANDS                    LIGHTING ELEMENTS FOR KOIRASAARI ISLANDS
                                                                                                                                   - CANDLE WELCOME
                                       REFLECTIVE MATERIAL PROPOSALS FOR SHIMMERING EFFECT
                                       - WORKS WITH SUNLIGHT DURING DAYLIGHT HOURS




                                                                                                                                                                                HAAKONINLAHTI SECTION




FACADES OF WATERFRONT HOUSES - NIGHT                                                         LIGHTING ELEMENTS FOR HAAKONINLAHTI                                                SAARISTOLAIVASTONKATU SECTION
- CANDLE WELCOME, DAPPLED LIGHT



LIGHTS OVER KRUUNUVUORENRANTA - MAIN WATERFRONT AND KOIRASAARI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               aurora
ICEBREAKER AND LIGHTS ABOVE - EVENT               EXAMPLES OF ICEBREAKERS AND PIER LIGHTING




LIGHTS ABOVE - EVENT




                                                                             HELSINKI                                                    SILO            HELSINKI                             SILO

                                                                          LIGHTS ABOVE - EVENT IN SUMMER MONTHS                                       LIGHTS ABOVE - EVENT IN WINTER MONTHS
                                                                          - LASERS AT 5° TO HORIZONTAL, BELOW AIRCRAFT AND ABOVE BOATS AND HELSINKI   - LASERS ON ICE AND SNOW




LIGHTS OVER KRUUNUVUORENRANTA -       ICEBREAKERS AND LIGHTS ABOVE - EVENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                     aurora
AIMS                                                                                             SHIMMER – DAYLIGHT EFFECT                                                                     DAPPLED LIGHT                                                                                  ICEBREAKERS
The conceptual lighting proposed will give Kruunuvuorenranta its own unique identity             It is self evident that any artificial lighting                                               When sunlight penetrates the canopy of                                                         Icebreakers at end of the piers provide
as the island transforms into its new role as a high-end marine residential area.                effect will only work during the hours                                                        the forests, the interplay between direct                                                      places for people to meet, make new friends
                                                                                                 of darkness. In northern hemispheres                                                          sun and shadow creates a dappled effect                                                        and encourage community gathering.
The lighting concepts identified are intended:                                                   however the summer offers long days                                                           on the forest floor. This is the core                                                          Shared facilities will encourage interaction
                                                                                                 and evenings. Our proposal of integrating                                                     inspiration behind the concept of dappled                                                      and chance encounters. Critically they
• To encourage social communion between Helsinki and Kruunuvuorenranta by                        reflective objects on building facades                                                        light; to recreate this effect artificially on                                                 allow people to break the ice, create new
                                                                                                 looks to create a passive lighting effect                                                     the main waterfront promenade and the                                                          friendships in a new community.
creating joyful, beautiful environments;
                                                                                                 that will be particularly effective in the                                                    Kruunuvuori recreational forest paths.
                                                                                                 long summer sunsets when the sun is low                                                                                                                                                      These structures could provide for a
• To harness the dramatic seasonal changes and the natural light conditions to create
                                                                                                 and in the west. The shoreline residential                                                    Technical Principles – Column mounted                                                          range of different functions: refuge areas
stimulating environments;                                                                        architecture will combine to become a light                                                   gobo projectors are proposed with a                                                            for hikers and skiers providing warmth
                                                                                                 feature, visible from Helsinki and creating                                                   dappled light patterned gobo to cast                                                           and shelter, stunning locations for saunas
• To consider both the view of the island from a far as well as the lit environment for          a magical shimmering effect on the horizon                                                    shadows on to the floor. Traditionally,                                                        with unique views of the coastline, out to
residents.                                                                                       redolent of sunlight dancing on a gentle sea.                                                 halogen or metal halide projectors would                                                       the sea and back to the local community
                                                                                                                                                                                               have been used however the rate of                                                             or even cafes or commercial use.
• To provide a functional, high quality lit environment.                                         The role of inspiration in nature is self                                                     development of LED technology means
                                                                                                 evident. Because the effect is visible from       Environmental Statement – the ultimate      this will be a feasible light source to use of most LED products ensure energy                 Piers will be stretched towards Helsinki,
Efficancy and energy consumption is a key consideration; the use of LED technology               Helsinki and created by every building            in low impact lighting. No electricity no   when the project is at procurement stage. consumption is maximised.                            therefore enforcing the connection between
is proposed as well as controls linked automatically to environmental conditions.                working together in the sunshine, this            carbon no light pollution.                                                                                                                 the city centre and Kruunuvuorenranta.
                                                                                                 concept reinforces our desire to create a                                                     Control – It is anticipated that the street      Seasonal Changes – It is anticipated that
                                                                                                 communion between both communities                Servicing and Maintenance – zero            lighting is controlled via astronomical time     the lit effect remain constant throughout     At night time icebreakers are like little
                                                                                                 and encourages local social cohesion.             maintenance. Self cleaning. No moving       clock to switch the lighting off at dawn and     the year however the switching cycle will     lanterns creating a rhythm to the coastline
                                                                                                                                                   parts.                                      on at dusk.                                      vary throughout the year as the night time    of Kruunuvuorenranta together with Silo
                                                                                                 Control – This being a passive event, no                                                                                                       condition lengthens in winter.                468.
                                                                                                 electricity or control is required. Whilst on the macro scale the impact                      Environmental Statement – With the
                                                                                                                                            will be large, in the small scale each             cost of energy rising, LED technology is         Servicing and Maintenance – The use           Piers to be subtly illuminated to provide
                                                                                                 Seasonal Changes – With the changing individual will be small creating no hazard              now recommended as a replacement for             of LED lamps would ensure a relatively        safe access to the icebreakers. LED
                                                                                                 of the setting sun over the seasons the or distraction. They are placed so that no            the lower Wattages of more traditional           low maintenance scheme for the life           handrail lighting is proposed.
                                                                                                 facades will respond to sun angles and light is reflected into the domiciles.                 sources of street lighting such as metal         of the fittings. It is anticipated that the
                                                                                                 intensity and vary through the year. The                                                      halide. Although the initial equipment           fittings could be maintained with the use     The exact form of these elements could
                                                                                                 introduction allows particular response to                                                    costs are higher, savings in energy and          of an Mobile Elevated Working Platform        be decided through a local or international
                                                                                                 the long summer days.                                                                         maintenance soon begin to ‘payback’ to           (MEWP).                                       design competition, which would generate
                                                                                                                                                                                               the client and the 50,000 hour lifetime                                                        additional publicity for the City of Helsinki.




KRUUNUVUORI                                      HAAKONINLAHTI                                   CANDLE WELCOME                                                                                LIGHTS ABOVE - EVENT                                                                           GENERAL
Kruunuvuori forest will be left mainly in        Haakoninlahti is the main heart of              In the pioneering days when neighbours                                                        When looking at Kruunuvuorenranta                                                              Seasonal changes – The whole design            ensures easy and safe access. Ultra long
darkness. Only the little pathway around         Kruunuvuorenranta and as such, is the           were far apart and people travelled in                                                        from Helsinki the island occupies a very                                                       maximises passive effects as much as           life light sources are proposed minimising
the lake will be subtly lit by dappled light     brightest area of the island. It will be a      desolate countryside, some people would                                                       thin horizon band within the total visual                                                      possible. Therefore the way the design         maintenance costs. Luminaires will be
giving the illusion of light filtering through   densly built urban environment where            put a candle in the window as a beacon for                                                    field that comprises the sea and sky. A                                                        changes from day to day is naturally in        selected for their photometric performance,
the foliage of the trees. The pathway near       most of the activity happens. It is also the    a weary traveller or if they were expecting                                                   daily event is proposed of say 10 minutes                                                      tune with the seasonal changes.                build quality and material properties and
the shoreline will be lit by low level           site of the harbour where visitors will first   guests. This was a welcoming gesture                                                          duration after sunset to occupy the sky and                                                                                                   aesthetics whilst being mindful of the
bollards that will direct light only towards     arrive on the island and as such, must be a     to travellers which also guided people in                                                     reflect in the sea. Lasers mounted on top                                                      Environmental statement – Light is harsh environmental conditions they will
the island, therefore framing it’s edge          warm, friendly and welcoming environment.       from a storm.                                                                                 of the silos will project fans of shimmering                                                   only perceived when viewed alongside operate in.
when viewed from distance at night-time.                                                                                                                                                       blades of light redolent of a horizontal                                                       darkness. By choosing what not to light
                                              Lighting in this area will be vibrant and          This gesture of hospitality is the concept                                                    aurora borealis in the summer and in the                                                       (the sky, the forests) is the most important The design assembles readily available
Additional power and data outlets to be       welcoming; dappled light will fall on the          behind the ‘light candles’ on the shoreline                                                   winter play light upon the frozen sea. This                                                    step in environmental sensitivity and and affordable technologies composed
installed in the forest to allow various      main waterfront promenade. Facade                  of the Koirasaari Islands; this is the                                                        would create a bridge of light between the                                                     minimisation of carbon generation. in an original fashion. This makes the
lighting events to take place in this space   lighting to the upper part of the residential      welcoming gesture to travellers arriving                                                      two communities, sufficiently spectacular                                                                                                     capital costs of the project feasible and
throughout the year.                          properties and candle elements on street           at Kruunuvuorenranta. These fittings                                                          to become a well loved part of the local                                                       All techniques described use the lowest easily predictable. Whilst the design is
                                              lighting columns will give the area a night        should be bright enough to act as a beacon                                                    day marking the passing of day and the                                                         amount of electrical energy possible. The utterly bespoke to Kruunuvuorentaranta,
                                              time presence from afar. Facades on                that can be seen when arriving by sea,                                                        coming of night. Event to be designed by                                                       largest visual effects are either zero carbon the number of bespoke design are limited
KOIRASAARI                                    the access points from the harbour area            guiding visitors way whilst also providing    Seasonal Changes – during the long hours        an artist specialised in lasers, part of the and even then only for a limited time of          or ultra low carbon. Where consumption which will minimise capital and ongoing
                                              to Saaristolaivastonkatu to have subtle            local ambient lighting to the shoreline       of winter darkness, the candles will be on.     design team.                                 the day.                                          of electricity is unavoidable then the most costs.
The mounded park of Koirasaari Islands downlighting to avoid light pollution.
                                                                                                 pedestrian routes through the mounded         In bright daylight, the candles will be off                                                                                                    efficient lamp/luminaire technologies are
will have large scale candle luminaires                                                                                                                                                        Control – The control would be from a local     Servicing and Maintenance - The units
                                                                                                 park.                                         unless there is a fog or a mist which would                                                                                                    to be used. Simple robust control is used CCTV, public information, waste and
following the route of the pathway. These Stairs to have integrated handrail lighting                                                                                                          stand alone PC based DMX controller             would be placed upon the top of the
                                                                                                                                               reduce daylight levels enough to activate                                                                                                      to ensure that light is only deployed when utilities will be integrated into columns
will have be reminiscent of sailing masts. to provide safe usage and to highlight                                                                                                              with in built astronomical time clock to        silos allowing easy access. NdYAG solid
                                                                                                 General description – vertical light columns the lighting.                                                                                                                                   it is required. By using ultra long life light where possible to ensure a clutter free
They will create a visible landmark that can the water’s edge in the harbour area.
                                                                                                 with an illuminated element will line                                                         allow the show to track automatically the       state frequency doubled Lasers are now         sources, the design minimises embodied streetscape.
be seen from a great distance, especially Illuminated seating is also proposed                                                                                                                 sunset and determine when in the year           compact, single phase 220V devices that
                                                                                                 the shore of Koirasaari. This could be a Environmental Statement – The use of                                                                                                                energy and toxicity.
from the sea. At night they will also have a to the harbour area to enhance the                                                                                                                to activate summer and winter shows. A          require no water. Maintenance is limited to
                                                                                                 fluorescent, metal halide source however LED technology is recommended for
navigational presence against the dark sky. relaxed and inviting atmosphere. All of                                                                                                            simple GUI interface would allow manual         cleaning lenses and scanning mirrors. All
                                                                                                 LED would offer the most energy efficient maximum efficiency and to minimise                                                                                                                 Servicing and Maintenance - In the main
Pathway to be lit by low level bollards to these elements to use LED technology.
                                                                                                 solution. RGB LED could also be used energy consumption.                                      intervention and the commissioning of           can be hou sed on a small weatherproof         we have tried to keep the light local to
provide more localised and intimate lighting.                                                                                                                                                  additional shows if desired.                    clean enclosure with rudimentary antifrost
                                                                                                 to introduce a colour changing element.                                                                                                                                                      people. This is deliberate in creating
                                                 Shimmer effect will be the most visible in      This could be in the form of a change Servicing and Maintenance – These fittings                                                              provision. The enclosure would need            a “human” light environment but also
The candles will only have glowing tops,         this area and strengthen the connection                                                                                                       Seasonal Changes – The concept to be elevated sufficiently to be above
                                                                                                 in colour temperature; from cool in the would be externally rated, IP65 or greater
underneath the glowing top a spotlight           between Helsinki city centre and                                                                                                              embraces the changing of seasons by snow line.
                                                                                                 bright summer months through to warm, and be manufactured from high quality
will illuminate the structure of the             Kruunuvuorenranta during the daylight                                                                                                         having a different show for different times
                                                                                                 more intimate light in the winter. Coloured aluminium or marine grade stainless steel
column to prevent any light pollution.           hours.                                                                                                                                        of the year. Whilst the effectiveness is There are many precedents of large
                                                                                                 effects could also be incorporated to resist the corrosive sea environment.
                                                                                                 during the light events.                      It is anticipated that the fittings could be    not reliant upon precipitation or mist, the open air shows causing no hazard to the
The silo foundations shall be turned into Silo 468 is housed in this area. This                                                                                                                effects will be radically different in changing public or aircraft. Design and installation
platforms for light art and potentially used is the first site of a permanent light art                                                        maintained with the use of an Mobile
                                                                                                 Control – It is recommended that these Elevated Working Platform (MEWP).                      weather conditions. For example lasers would need to be by a ILDA equivalent
in wintertime as ice-skating rinks. installation on Kruunuvuorenranta and it                                                                                                                   through snow and rain would create a member and satisfy IEC 60825-3,
                                                                                                 fittings be controlled with either individual
                                             also provides a mounting location for one           integral or master/slave daylight sensor                                                      spectacular effect.                             (Guidance for laser displays and shows)
Additional power and data outlets to be of the proposed lasers for the daily event.                                                                                                                                                            and ANSI Z136.10, (Safe Use of Lasers in
                                                                                                 programmed to switch the candles on
installed to allow various lighting events                                                                                                                                                     Environmental Statement - Lasers are a Entertainment, Displays and Exhibitions).
                                                                                                 when the ambient daylight levels fall below
to take place in this space throughout the                                                                                                                                                     very efficient lighting source and would
                                                                                                 a predetermined level. This would ensure
year.                                                                                                                                                                                          create large impact for negligible energy
                                                                                                 the fittings are off during bright daylight
                                                                                                 conditions, but come on at night or shine                                                     use (2no 40W each). The miniscule point
                                                                                                 through mist and fog.                                                                         of light would create little light pollution




LIGHTS OVER KRUUNUVUORENRANTA -                                                                            REPORT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          aurora
4.4 Entry ”Framescape”                                      are proposed to be used as street and park lighting
                                                            later, which seems theoretical and may not support
General description of the entry                            long-term lighting solutions or installation methods
                                                            either technically or visually. The lighting of the ur-
The central idea of ”Framescape” is to present the          ban spaces created has not been described in any
new district, which will be in construction from 2013,      extent. Joining wooden structures into the lighting
through its historical and future characteristics. In       plan is interesting, but it requires much further deve-
the plan, a ”trip through time” will be constructed in      lopment and fitting solutions together separately for
Kruunuvuorenranta even before the first residential         each block.
building is finished; a work of light art illuminated
every night. The components of the trip through             Energy efficiency and lighting control
time form rusty red figures of oil silos in LED lights
on their old places on the shore area, blue-green           The entry contains little information about the ener-
beacons line the shapes of the landscape and the            gy consumption or the technical devices used in the
shoreline, and large illuminated ”frames” set in the        solution.
landscape represent the future location and archi-
tecture of the residential buildings. To complete the       Technical feasibility, structural quality factors
frames, small dots of light on high masts would be
placed on the shore to signify light twinkling from         The entry focuses on describing the work of light
future homes. As the construction of the area prog-         art. There is little information on the lighting of the
resses, the structures of the work of light art would       urban spaces created.
be moved to become a part of the shore and street           Environmental friendliness and life-cycle properties
lighting. The structures of the ”frames” would be
used as event locations in the new district.                The components of the work of light art are sus-
                                                            tainable and the proposed lighting technology is
Artistic general impression                                 already developed and consumes little energy. The
The strong and unique lighting concept would be             proposal to recycle components from the light art
visible long before the blocks were constructed. The        stage by using them to construct permanent lighting
meaning of the frames when viewed from a distance           seems theoretical.
can remain unclear both when they are a work of             Safety
light art and after the area is built. Recycling the fra-
me structures to suit other needs is a fun, but fairly      It is difficult to evaluate the lighting solutions for the
theoretical, concept.                                       urban spaces based on the material presented.
                                                            When the work of light art is in effect, there are not
Suitability to the challenging environment and ove-         many public routes in the area, but the intention is
rall scenery                                                to view the work from the sea or the opposite shore.
The plan places challenging demands on architectu-          Serviceability, maintainability
re and landscape architecture. The entry takes cont-
rol of the scenery before the construction begins           Maintenance of lighting solutions on an extensive
and tells the viewer about the area’s character and         vacant area would be problematic due to vandalism.
future in a special way.                                    The possibility to care for and maintain lighting in
                                                            urban spaces is difficult to evaluate based on the
Light frames that could take different shape and            material presented.
form as interpreted by different designers are propo-
sed to be integrated in residential buildings. A single     Consideration of physical environmental factors
form combined with architecture can produce a for-
ced effect in its environment.                              The work of light art tells the story of the area and
                                                            emphasises its characteristics. The features of the
Impressiveness, imaginativeness and attractiveness          lighting in urban spaces cannot be evaluated based
                                                            on the material presented.
The work of light art in the first phase would spark
interest and imagination from the start. The appeal         Expenses
of the design is increased by the possibility to chan-
ge it as time goes on. The goals of the street, shore       Implementing many different sets of lighting already
and courtyard lighting of the area are not presented        before the construction of Kruunuvuorenranta would
in very great detail. The features of the solution from     cause large expenses.
the point of view of the resident remain incomplete.

Visual and technical sustainability

Regarding the first phase, ”Framescape” resembles
a film script. Components of the work of light art
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
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                                                                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

                       
              
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                                                                                                                                                           
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
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                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   




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                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
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                        

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
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
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
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
                                                                                                                                                                      
                                       
                                                                                                                                                                 

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
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
                                                                                                                                                                                            

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
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
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                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                               

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
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                                                                                                              


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
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
                                                                                                                                                  
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                                 
                           


                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
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
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                                                                                                                                                      
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
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                                                                                                                                                
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                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                   




                             
                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                       
 
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                            
                                              
                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
   

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
5. RESULTS OF THE COMPETITION AND FUTURE
STEPS

The jury considered the level of the competitors to be
high and stated that the two entries that were evalu-
ated as the best fulfil the goals of the competition to-
gether and give a basis for lighting that will increase
the appeal and special characteristics of Kruunuvuo-
renranta.

The jury decided to give two first prizes. The first pri-
ze is shared by the entries ”Into the light” and ”Luon-
nonlyhdyt”.

The jury decided to recommend to the City of Helsin-
ki that the design task should be divided between the
two prize-winning teams, so that the creators of the
entry ”Into the light” would focus their work on crea-
ting a general lighting design on the western shore
area of Kruunuvuorenranta, and the creators of the
entry ”Luonnonlyhdyt” would focus on creating a ge-
neral lighting plan for the blocks and the residential
streets between them.
6. SIGNING THE RECORD
7. OPENING THE NAME ENVELOPES                   7.2 Other entries in alphabetical order


7.1 First prizes                                Entry ”Aurora”
                                                Creators of the entry

Entry ”Into the light”                          BDP Lighting

Creators of the entry                           Katja Nurminen
                                                Brendan Keely
Bartenbach Lichtlabor GmbH, Heneghan Peng
Architects Agence Ter, James Carpenter Design   Chris Lowe
Associates
                                                Darrell Wilson
Robert Müller
                                                Jaimie Ferguson
Julia Schauer
Georg Seebacher
                                                Entry ”Framescape”
Shijh-Fu Peng
                                                Creators of the entry
Roisin Heneghan
                                                Studio Concepto
Olivier Philippe
                                                Roger Narboni
Helen Stokes
                                                Fanny Guerard
Lauri Mikkola
                                                Agathe Argod
James Carpenter
                                                Jacqueline Osty
Reid Freeman
Walter Shih


Entry ”Luonnonlyhdyt”
Creators of the entry
Speirs + Major:
Keith Bradshaw
Mark Major
Satu Streatfield
Benz Roos
Telli Nourkeyhani


West 8: Martin Biewanga
Perry Maas
Christian Gausepohl
Sima Agisheva
Ela Chojecka
Maria Castrillio

Ronald van Nugteren

Jan Nijs
City of Helsinki
City Planning Department

								
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