NM efficiency Itron 2006 - Jess Chandler

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					Public Service New Mexico
Electric Energy Efficiency
      Potential Study


          Final Report



             Submitted to:

             Mr. Steve Bean
   Energy Efficiency Program Manager
       Public Service New Mexico
           414 Silver Avenue
        Albuquerque, NM 87102



             Submitted by:

                Itron, Inc.
    Consulting and Analysis Services
      1111 Broadway, Suite 1800
          Oakland, CA 94607


         With assistance from:

              KEMA, Inc.

          September 20, 2006
Table of Contents


Acknowledgements……………………………………………...…..………………………….iii

Executive Summary…………………………………………..……………………….........ES-1

    ES.1 Introduction………………..…………..…………..………………………......ES-1
    ES.2 Summary of Aggregate Results…………………………………...………..ES-2

1 Introduction ........................................................................................................ 1-1

2 Energy Efficiency Assessment Methodology.................................................. 2-1
   2.1 Characterizing the Energy Efficiency Resource............................................ 2-1
       2.1.1 Defining Energy-Efficiency Potential................................................................................ 2-1
   2.2 Overview of Energy Efficiency Forecasting Method ..................................... 2-3
   2.3 Estimation of Technical Potential and Development of Energy
       Efficiency Supply Curves.............................................................................. 2-6
       2.3.1 Core Equation .................................................................................................................. 2-6
       2.3.2 Use of Supply Curves ...................................................................................................... 2-7
   2.4 Estimation of Economic Potential ................................................................. 2-9
       2.4.1 Cost Effectiveness Tests.................................................................................................. 2-9
       2.4.2 Use of the Total Resource Cost to Estimate Economic Potential..................................2-12
   2.5 Estimation of Maximum Achievable Program and Naturally-Occurring
       Potentials ................................................................................................... 2-14
       2.5.1 Adoption Method Overview ............................................................................................2-14
3 Data Development and Economic Inputs ........................................................ 3-1
   3.1 Development of Baseline Building and Energy Data .................................... 3-1
       3.1.1 Residential Sector Data Development ............................................................................. 3-2
       3.1.2 Commercial Sector Data Development............................................................................ 3-7
       3.1.3 Industrial Sector Data Development ..............................................................................3-10
       3.1.4 Baseline Results ............................................................................................................3-11
   3.2 Economic Data (including Avoided Costs).................................................. 3-17
   3.3 Efficiency Measure Data............................................................................. 3-19
   3.4 New Construction ....................................................................................... 3-20
   3.5 Low-Income Households in the PNM Service Territory .............................. 3-22
4 Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential Results .................................... 4-1
   4.1 Overall Technical, Economic, and Achievable Potential ............................... 4-1
       4.1.1 Technical and Economic Potential Overall and by Sector ............................................... 4-4
       4.1.2 Technical, Economic, and Achievable Potential by Sector.............................................. 4-4
       4.1.3 Achievable Potential over Time ....................................................................................... 4-5
       4.1.4 Achievable Potential by End Use..................................................................................... 4-8
       4.1.5 Achievable Potential by Business Type, Building Type, and Climate Zone ..................4-14
       4.1.6 Achievable Potential by Measure...................................................................................4-17
   4.2 Energy Efficiency Supply Curves................................................................ 4-27
   4.3 Costs and Benefits ..................................................................................... 4-29


Table of Contents                                                                                                                              i
     4.4 Discussion of Uncertainty in Forecast Estimates........................................ 4-32

5 Savings Potential from Load Management Programs .................................... 5-1
     5.1 Overview of Methodology ............................................................................. 5-1
     5.2 Review of Existing Residential DLC Programs ............................................. 5-1
     5.3 Residential DLC Assessment for PNM ......................................................... 5-2
     5.4 Forecast Uncertainty..................................................................................... 5-5
6 Key Sources ....................................................................................................... 6-1


Appendix A: Energy Efficiency Measure Descriptions………………………….…A-1

Appendix B: Measure Inputs……………………………………………………………...B-1

Appendix C: Non-Additive Measure Results……………..……..………………....…C-1

Appendix D: Supply Curve Measure Results………………..…...…………………..D-1

Appendix E: Achievable Potential Scenarios Results……………………………..E-1

Appendix F: Building Stock Load Shapes……………………..……………………...F-1




ii                                                                                               Table of Contents
Acknowledgements


The authors would like to thank the many staff at Public Service New Mexico who
contributed to this study. The following individuals provided vital input the study in the form
of utility data and comments on study methods and results:

       Steve Bean
       Herb Rooney
       Lynne Andreone
       Mike Edwards
       Robert Hudson
       Michele Hymel
       Roberta Kitting
       Kevin Konetzni
       Dwight Lamberson
       Steve Martin

We also gratefully acknowledge the input of the Energy Efficiency Advisory Group (EEAG).
EEAG members attended several project briefings and provided valuable feedback and input
on study methods and the unique aspects of energy efficiency opportunities in New Mexico.




Acknowledgements                                                                            iii
ES
Executive Summary


ES.1 Introduction

In accordance with The Efficient Use of Energy Act (SB644) signed into New Mexico state
law in 2005, Public Service New Mexico (PNM) is preparing to file residential electric
efficiency programs with the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission in early 2007.
PNM also anticipates filing gas and electric commercial/industrial programs that will provide
incentives for energy-efficient products, building envelope improvements, and load
management. In preparation for future electric programs, PNM issued a Request for
Proposals to conduct an electric energy efficiency and load management potential study in
late 2005. Itron, Inc., with assistance from KEMA Inc., was selected to conduct the study and
the project commenced in spring 2006. This study estimates potential electricity and peak
demand savings from energy-efficiency measures in PNM’s service territory. This report
provides both detailed and aggregated estimates of the costs and savings potential of energy-
efficiency measures in PNM’s service territory. (For the purposes of this study, PNM’s
service territory includes the TNMP service territory in New Mexico.) In addition, forecasts
are developed of savings and costs associated with different levels of program funding over a
10-year period (out to 2016).

The scope of this study includes new and existing residential and commercial buildings, as
well as manufacturing and industrial process savings. Itron’s scope did not include primary
research such as on-site or telephone surveys of PNM customers. However, PNM contracted
with a market research firm (Schulman, Ronca, and Bucuvalas, Inc.) to conduct three mail-
based surveys designed to collect key primary data necessary for this study. Additionally,
this study utilizes a wide variety of internal PNM data sources (e.g., billing data, load
research data, and forecast data) along with extensive secondary sources on building
characteristics and energy-efficiency measure costs and savings.

The study is generally restricted to energy-efficiency measures and practices that are
presently commercially available, although some emerging technologies and practices are
included. These are the measures that are of most immediate interest to energy-efficiency
program planners. In addition, the study uses the latest current State and Federal codes and
standards as baselines for the energy efficiency potential estimates. The study data,
methodological framework, and forecasting models can be easily leveraged in the future to
add estimates of potential for other new technologies.




Executive Summary                                                                       ES-1
                                       Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


ES.2 Summary of Aggregate Results

In Exhibit ES-1, we present overall estimates of total technical, economic and achievable
potentials for peak demand reductions in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors in
the PNM’s service territory. As described in Chapter 2, technical potential represents the
sum of all savings achieved if all measures analyzed in this study were implemented in
applications where they are deemed applicable and physically feasible. Economic potential
is based on efficiency measures that are cost-effective based on the total resource cost
(TRC) test, a benefit-cost test used to compare the value of avoided energy production and
power plant construction to the costs of energy-efficiency measures and program activities
necessary to deliver them (the TRC and other benefit-cost metrics are discussed in Section
2.4). The value of both energy savings and peak demand reductions are incorporated into the
TRC test. Achievable potential refers to the amount of savings that could occur in response
to one or more specific program interventions over the time horizon of the study (i.e., 10
years). Net achievable savings associated with program potential are savings that are
projected beyond those that would occur naturally in the absence of any market intervention.

Because achievable potential will vary significantly as a function of the specific type and
degree of intervention applied, we develop estimates for multiple scenarios. We developed
peak demand and energy savings forecasts for three possible program-funding scenarios:
Base, Advanced, and Maximum Achievable. We designed these scenarios to address market
response to increasing incentive levels and program information and marketing levels.

                                Exhibit ES-1
    Overall Technical, Economic and Net Achievable Peak Demand Savings
                           Potential in PNM (2016)

                                       450

                                       400
        Potential MW Savings by 2016




                                       350

                                       300

                                       250

                                       200

                                       150

                                       100

                                           50

                                       -
                                                Technical   Economic       Max       Advanced   Base Program
                                                                        Achievable   Program




ES-2                                                                                               Executive Summary
                            Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



In Exhibit ES-1, note that as one moves from technical potential to economic potential there
is a significant drop in both energy and peak demand savings by simply adding the
requirement that savings must be cost effective. Further reduction in savings potential occurs
with the introduction of customer adoption behavior. Technical and economic potential are
theoretical estimates of savings as if they could occur instantaneously. Achievable potential
captures dynamic factors such as capital stock turnover and changes in customer adoption in
response to program marketing efforts and incentive levels as they evolve over time, along
with natural market forces.

Exhibit ES-2 shows cumulative program potentials over the 10-year analysis period along
with estimates of naturally occurring potential. Exhibit ES-3 shows how the program
scenarios could affect PNM’s peak demand forecast. Exhibit ES-4 summarizes achievable
potential savings as a percentage of load and load growth by 2016.

                                Exhibit ES-2
     Achievable and Naturally Occurring Peak Demand Savings over Time


                            250
                                     Max. Achievable
                                     Advanced
                            200
                                     Base
        MW Saved per Year




                                     Nat. Occurring
                            150



                            100



                             50



                              0
                              2007   2008    2009     2010   2011 2012   2013   2014   2015   2016
                                                                Year




Executive Summary                                                                                    ES-3
                      Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                            Exhibit ES-3
                  Net Impacts on PNM Retail Peak Capacity Requirements over Time*

                  2,200

                  2,100            Without Program

                  2,000            With Base Program
                                   With Advanced Program
                  1,900
                                   With Max. Achievable Program
    MW Capacity




                  1,800

                  1,700

                  1,600

                  1,500

                  1,400

                  1,300

                  1,200
                            2007     2008     2009    2010     2011     2012    2013     2014     2015      2016
                                                                   Year

                  * The forecast in this graph includes PNM and TNMP-New Mexico total retail loads and associated
                                         losses. It excludes wholesale sales and wheeling loads.


                                           Exhibit ES-4
                  Percent Reductions in Forecasted Load and Load Growth by 2016
                                                             Percent Savings Relative to:
                                                      Base Forecast                 Load Growth*
                          Scenario                 Energy          Demand         Energy        Demand
                          Base                        3.4%             2.8%        16.8%           14.0%
                          Advanced                    6.1%             5.6%        30.1%           30.2%
                          Max. Achievable             8.2%             8.9%        40.5%           44.3%
                          * Load growth here refers to the forecasted load in 2016 minus the load in 2007

In Exhibits ES-5 and ES-6, we present the costs and benefits associated with each program
scenario. The total resource costs are disaggregated into program administrative and
marketing costs, program incentive costs, and the costs of installation that are paid by
program participants. For all program scenarios, the benefits outweigh the cost by a ratio of
more than 2:1. Program benefits range from $0.41 billion under the base program scenario to
$0.76 billion under the maximum achievable program scenario. As shown in the Utility Cost
Test ratio, benefits to PNM outweigh the total costs to PNM by eight-fold for the base
program scenario, four-fold for the advanced program scenario, and three-fold for the
maximum achievable program scenario.




ES-4                                                                                             Executive Summary
                                    Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                                            Exhibit ES-5
                                           Cumulative 10-Year Program Benefits and Costs*

                                    $0.8
                                             Total Benefits
                                    $0.7     Participant Costs
                                             Program Incentives
                                             Program Admin and Marketing
      Present Value in $ Billions



                                    $0.6                                                            Net
                                                                                                  Benefits:
                                                                                                   $0.44
                                    $0.5                                                           Billion
                                                                               Net
                                                                             Benefits:
                                    $0.4                                      $0.37
                                                                              Billion
                                                     Net
                                    $0.3           Benefits:
                                                    $0.30
                                                    Billion
                                    $0.2


                                    $0.1


                                    $0.0
                                                                                            Max Achievable
                                           Base Program             Advanced Program
                                                                                               Program
     *Avoided cost benefits and program costs discounted at nominal rate of 8.67% percent per year.




Executive Summary                                                                                             ES-5
              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                Exhibit ES-6
Summary of Cumulative Net Achievable Energy Efficiency Potential Forecasts:
 Year 10 (2016) Impacts, Discounted Cumulative Program Costs, and Benefit-
                                Cost Ratios*

                                        Cumulative 10 Cumulative            Cumulative
                                        Year Program        Net MW           Annual Net         Total
                                         Cost ($ 2006 Reductions GWh Savings Resource                     Utility Cost
Sector and Vintage Scenario                 Millions)       by 2016           by 2016        Cost Ratio       Test
Residential              Base                 $12                7               70              1.6           5.6
Existing                 Advanced              $33               19             130              1.4           3.2
                         Maximum               $50               31             168              1.3           2.6
Residential              Base                   $5               6               32              2.1           4.3
New                      Advanced             $11               13               60              2.3           3.7
                         Maximum               $32               33             110              2.2           2.6
Commercial               Base                 $21               33              214              2.9          12.5
Existing                 Advanced              $60               55             348              2.1           5.6
                         Maximum               $80               68             409              1.9           4.7
Commercial               Base                  $5                5               17              1.8           3.5
New                      Advanced               $9               10              32              2.2           3.3
                         Maximum               $24               22              72              2.2           2.5
Industrial               Base                  $8                5               54              2.7           6.4
                         Advanced              $22              13              123              2.3           3.7
                         Maximum              $36               20              174              1.6           3.0
Total                    Base                 $51               55              386              2.5           8.2
                         Advanced             $134              110             693              2.0           4.4
                         Maximum              $222              175             932              1.8           3.4
*Avoided cost benefits and program costs discounted at nominal rate of 8.67 % percent per year.




ES-6                                                                                          Executive Summary
1
Introduction


In the 1980s and early 1990s, studies estimating energy-efficiency potential were conducted
routinely as part of many utilities’ integrated resource planning (IRP) processes.1 These
studies were largely abandoned with the advent of electric restructuring and a concomitant
decline in demand-side management spending throughout the United States in the late 1990s.
Over the past few years, however, a number of factors — including supply shortages, fuel
and rate increases, price volatility, future price and supply uncertainty, and concern over
climate change — have combined to spur a number of updated studies of energy-efficiency
potential throughout the country.

In New Mexico, the legislature recently passed and the governor signed The Efficient Use of
Energy Act (SB644) which requires public utilities in New Mexico, in collaboration with
other parties, to develop cost-effective programs that reduce energy demand and
consumption. Utilities are required to submit their proposed portfolio of programs to the New
Mexico Public Regulation Commission (NMPRC) for approval. Utilities may recover
reasonable program costs through approved tariff riders.

In the first year of this legislation, Public Service New Mexico (PNM) retained GDS
Associates Inc. to conduct a potential study of cost-effective natural gas energy efficiency
opportunities in its service territory. Based on the findings of that study, PNM filed a
portfolio of residential gas energy-efficiency programs with the NMPRC on June 24, 2005.
The NMPRC approved these programs, and PNM implemented them in February 2006.

For the second year (2007), PNM anticipates filing additional residential gas programs as
well as electric programs with the NMPRC. In the second or third year, PNM also anticipates
filing gas and electric commercial/industrial programs that will provide incentives for
energy-efficient products, building envelope improvements, and load management. It is in
preparation for future electric programs that PNM issued a Request for Proposals to conduct
an electric energy efficiency and load management potential study in late 2005.

PNM selected Itron Inc., with assistance from KEMA Inc., to conduct the electric energy
efficiency potential study, and the project commenced in spring 2006. The key tasks were to:

1   In contrast to energy conservation, which often involves short-term behavioral changes, energy-efficiency
      opportunities are typically physical, long-lasting changes to buildings and equipment that result in decreased
      energy use while maintaining constant levels of energy service. Energy efficiency improvements reduce
      electricity consumption without affecting the end-use services (e.g., light, heat, cooling, drive power, and
      the like) that consumers and businesses require for comfort, productivity, and leisure.


Introduction                                                                                                    1-1
       Develop PNM baseline data which includes estimates of energy and peak demand
       by sector, building/business type, climate zone (north, central, south), and end use.
       Develop a database of energy efficiency options that includes all key assumptions
       including incremental costs, savings fractions, measure life, applicability, measure
       saturation, and feasibility.
       Estimate total technical, economic, and achievable energy efficiency potential
       through the year 2016.

This report provides both detailed and aggregated estimates of the costs and savings potential
of electric energy-efficiency and load-management measures in PNM’s service territory.
Note that in this study, PNM’s service territory includes the recent acquisition of Texas-New
Mexico Power and its service territory in New Mexico. We develop forecasts of savings and
costs associated with different levels of program funding over a 10-year period, i.e. 2006 to
2016.

The scope of this study includes new and existing residential and commercial buildings, as
well as manufacturing and industrial process savings. Itron’s scope did not include primary
research such as on-site or telephone surveys of PNM customers. However, PNM contracted
with a market research firm (Schulman, Ronca, and Bucuvalas, Inc.) to conduct three mail-
based surveys designed to collect key primary data necessary for this study. Additionally,
this study utilizes a wide variety of internal PNM data sources (e.g., billing data, load
research data, and forecast data) along with extensive secondary sources on building
characteristics and energy-efficiency measure costs and savings. Finally, the study leverages
energy-efficiency forecasting models developed over the past two decades and applied
recently in several other studies.

The study is generally restricted to energy-efficiency measures and practices that are
commercially available currently, although some emerging technologies and practices are
included. In addition, the study uses the latest current State and Federal codes and standards
as baselines for the energy efficiency potential estimates.

The remainder of this report includes the following chapters:

       Chapter 2 – Methodology
       Chapter 3 – Data Development and Economic Inputs
       Chapter 4 – Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential Results
       Chapter 5 – Savings Potential from Load Management Programs
       Chapter 6 – Key Sources
       Appendices (Detailed Data Inputs and Results)




1-2                                                                               Introduction
2
Energy Efficiency Assessment Methodology


In this chapter, we provide an overview of the concepts, methods, and scenarios used to
develop the baseline and energy efficiency estimates for this study.

2.1 Characterizing the Energy Efficiency Resource

Energy efficiency has been characterized for some time now as an alternative to energy
supply options such as conventional power plants that produce electricity from fossil or
nuclear fuels. In the early 1980s, researchers developed and popularized the use of
conservation supply curves to characterize the potential costs and benefits of energy
conservation and efficiency. Under this framework, technologies or practices that reduced
energy use through efficiency were characterized as “liberating ‘supply’ for other energy
demands” and could therefore be thought of as a resource and plotted on an energy supply
curve. The energy-efficiency resource paradigm argued simply that the more energy
efficiency, or “nega-watts” produced, the fewer new plants needed to meet end users’ power
demands.

2.1.1 Defining Energy-Efficiency Potential

Energy-efficiency potential studies were popular throughout the utility industry from the late
1980s through the mid-1990s. This period coincided with the advent of what was called
least-cost or integrated resource planning (IRP). Energy-efficiency potential studies became
one of the primary means of characterizing the resource availability and value of energy
efficiency within the overall resource planning process.

Like any resource, there are a number of ways in which the energy-efficiency resource can be
estimated and characterized. Definitions of energy-efficiency potential are similar to
definitions of potential developed for finite fossil fuel resources like coal, oil, and natural
gas. For example, fossil fuel resources are typically characterized along two primary
dimensions: the degree of geologic certainty with which resources may be found and the
likelihood that extraction of the resource will be economic. This relationship is shown
conceptually in Exhibit 2-1.




Methodology                                                                                2-1
            Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                Exhibit 2-1
         Conceptual Framework for Estimates of Fossil Fuel Resources



                                                             Possible                     Possible
                                                               and                         but not
                                                        Economically Feasible        Economically Feasible

                    Decreasing Certainty of Existence




                                                              Known                        Known
                                                                and                        but not
                                                        Economically Feasible        Economically Feasible




                                                                 Decreasing Economic Feasibility




Somewhat analogously, this energy-efficiency potential study defines several different types
of energy-efficiency potential, namely: technical, economic, achievable, program, and
naturally occurring. These potentials are shown conceptually in Exhibit 2-2 and described
below.

Technical potential is defined in this study as the complete penetration of all measures
analyzed in applications where they were deemed technically feasible from an engineering
perspective. Economic potential refers to the technical potential of those energy
conservation measures that are cost-effective when compared to supply-side alternatives.
Maximum achievable potential is defined as the amount of economic potential that could
be achieved over time under the most aggressive program scenario possible. Achievable
program potential refers to the amount of savings that would occur in response to specific
program funding and measure incentive levels. Savings associated with program potential are
savings that are projected beyond those that would occur naturally in the absence of any
market intervention. Naturally occurring potential refers to the amount of savings
estimated to occur as a result of normal market forces, that is, in the absence of any utility or
governmental intervention.




2-2                                                                                                          Methodology
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                               Exhibit 2-2
    Conceptual Relationship Among Energy-Efficiency Potential Definitions

                                                             Technical
                                                             Economic
                                                             Maximum Achievable
                                                             Program
                                                             Naturally Occurring




2.2 Overview of Energy Efficiency Forecasting Method

The crux of any forecasting process involves carrying out a number of systematic analytical
steps that are necessary to produce accurate estimates of energy efficiency (EE) effects on
system load. A simplified overview of these basic analytical steps used in this study is shown
in Exhibit 2-3.




Methodology                                                                               2-3
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                   Exhibit 2-3
               Simplified Conceptual Overview of Modeling Process


          ECONOMIC DATA          MEASURE DATA          BUILDING DATA




                                      MODEL
                                      INPUTS




                                  TECHNICAL
                                  POTENTIAL




                                                                                   SCENARIOS
                                   ECONOMIC
                                   POTENTIAL




                                    MAXIMUM
                                  ACHIEVABLE
                                   POTENTIAL
        NATURALLY
                                                          PROGRAM DATA
        OCCURRING
                                                               AND
        EFFICIENCY
                                                          ADOPTION INPUTS
                                    PROGRAM
                                    POTENTIAL
                               (Inputs to IRP model)




The approach to developing an energy efficiency forecast used for this study involves a five-
step process. The steps include:

Step 1: Develop Initial Input Data

       Develop list of energy efficiency measure opportunities to include.
       Gather and develop technical data (costs and savings) on efficient measure
       opportunities.
       Gather, analyze, and develop information on building characteristics, including
       total square footage and households, electricity consumption and intensity by end
       use, end-use consumption load patterns by time of day and year (i.e., load shapes),



2-4                                                                            Methodology
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

       market shares of key electric consuming equipment, and market shares of energy
       efficiency technologies and practices.
       Gather economic input data such as current and forecasted retail electric prices and
       current and forecasted costs of electricity generation, along with estimates of other
       potential benefits of reducing supply, such as the value of reducing environmental
       impacts associated with electricity production.

Step 2: Estimate Technical Potential and Develop Supply Curves

       Match and integrate data on efficient measures to data on existing building
       characteristics to produce estimates of technical potential and energy efficiency
       supply curves.

Step 3: Estimate Economic Potential

       Match and integrate measure and building data with economic assumptions to
       produce indicators of costs from different viewpoints (e.g., utility, societal, and
       consumer).
       Estimate total economic potential using supply curve approach.

Step 4: Estimate Maximum Achievable, Program, and Naturally Occurring Potentials

       Gather and develop estimates of program costs (e.g., for administration and
       marketing) and historic program savings.
       Develop estimates of customer adoption of energy efficiency measures as a
       function of the economic attractiveness of the measures, barriers to their adoption,
       and the effects of program intervention.
       Estimate maximum achievable, program, and naturally occurring potentials;
       calibrate achievable and naturally occurring potential to recent program and
       market data.

Step 5: Resource Planning Inputs

       Deliver data in format required for resource planning.

Section 3 below provides additional discussion of data development and the modeling
approaches for technical, economic, and achievable forecasts. The analysis was carried out
using KEMA’s DSM ASSYST™ (Demand-Side Management Technology Assessment
System).




Methodology                                                                                2-5
                 Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



 2.3 Estimation of Technical Potential and Development of Energy
 Efficiency Supply Curves

 Technical potential refers to the amount of energy savings or peak demand reduction that
 would occur with the complete penetration of all measures analyzed in applications where
 they were deemed technically feasible from an engineering perspective. Total technical
 potential is developed from estimates of the technical potential of individual measures as
 they are applied to discrete market segments (commercial building types, residential dwelling
 types, etc.).

 2.3.1 Core Equation
 The core equation used to calculate the energy technical potential for each individual
 efficiency measure, by market segment, is shown below (using a commercial example):2

 Technical                          Base Case
                      Total                                                  Not
Potential of                        Equipment         Applicability                         Feasibility       Savings
                 =   Square     ×                 ×                    ×   Complete     ×                 ×
  Efficient                            EUI              Factor                                Factor           Factor
                      Feet           (kWh/ft2)                              Factor
 Measure


 where:

            Square feet is the total floor space for all buildings in the market segment. For the
            residential analysis, the number of dwelling units is substituted for square feet.
            Base-case equipment EUI is the annual energy used per square foot by each base-
            case technology in each market segment. This is the consumption of the energy-
            using equipment that the efficient technology replaces or affects. For example, if
            the efficient measure were a CFL, the base EUI would be the annual kWh per
            square foot of an equivalent incandescent lamp. For the residential analysis, annual
            unit energy consumption (UECs), energy used per dwelling, are substituted for
            EUIs.
            Applicability factor is the fraction of the floor space (or dwelling units) that is
            applicable for the efficient technology in a given market segment, for the example
            above, the percentage of floor space lit by incandescent bulbs.
            Not complete factor is the fraction of applicable floor space (or dwelling units)
            that has not yet been converted to the efficient measure (i.e., 1 minus the fraction
            of floor space that already has the energy efficiency measure installed).
            Feasibility factor is the fraction of the applicable floor space (or dwelling units)
            that is technically feasible for conversion to the efficient technology from an
            engineering perspective.


 2   Note that stock turnover is not accounted for in our estimates of technical and economic potential, stock
      turnover is accounted for in our estimates of achievable potential. Our definition of technical potential
      assumes instantaneous replacement of standard-efficiency with high-efficiency measures.


 2-6                                                                                                 Methodology
               Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

         Savings factor is the reduction in energy consumption resulting from application
         of the efficient technology.

 Technical potential for peak demand reduction is calculated analogously substituting kW for
 kWh per household or square foot of commercial floor space.

 An example of the core equation is shown in Exhibit 2-4 for the case of a perimeter-based,
 daylight dimming system.

                                   Exhibit 2-4
       Example of Technical Potential Calculation—Peak Period Commercial
        Perimeter Zone Dimming (Generic Data for Example Purposes Only)

 Technical                       Base Case
                    Total                                               Not
Potential of                     Equipment        Applicability                      Feasibility       Savings
               =   Square    ×                ×                   ×   Complete   ×                 ×
  Efficient                         EUI             Factor                             Factor           Factor
                    Feet          (kWh/ft2)                            Factor
 Measure
                    214
20.13 MW                            1.5               0.8               0.98            0.2              0.4
                   million



 Technical potential is calculated in two steps. In the first step, all measures are treated
 independently; that is, the savings of each measure are not adjusted for overlap between
 competing or interactive measures. By treating measures independently, their relative cost-
 effectiveness is analyzed without making assumptions about the order or combinations in
 which they might be implemented in customer buildings. However, the total technical
 potential across measures cannot be estimated by summing the individual measure potentials
 directly. The cumulative savings cannot be estimated by adding the savings from the
 individual savings estimates because some savings would be double counted. For example,
 the savings from a measure that reduces heat gain into a building, such as window film, are
 partially dependent on other measures that affect the efficiency of the system being used to
 cool the building, such as a high-efficiency chiller - the more efficient the chiller, the less
 energy saved from the application of the window film.

 2.3.2 Use of Supply Curves
 In the second step, cumulative technical potential is estimated using an energy-efficiency
 supply curve approach. This method eliminates the double-counting problem. A supply curve
 typically consists of two axes—one that captures the cost per unit of saving a resource or
 mitigating an impact (e.g., $/kWh saved or $/ton of carbon avoided) and the other that shows
 the amount of savings or mitigation that could be achieved at each level of cost. The curve is
 typically built up across individual measures that are applied to specific base-case practices
 or technologies by market segment. Savings or mitigation measures are sorted on a least-cost
 basis, and total savings or impacts mitigated are calculated incrementally with respect to
 measures that precede them. Supply curves typically, but not always, end up reflecting
 diminishing returns, i.e., as costs increase rapidly and savings decrease significantly at the
 end of the curve.


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           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



The cost dimension of most energy-efficiency supply curves is usually represented in dollars
per unit of energy savings. Costs are usually annualized (often referred to as “levelized”) in
supply curves. For example, energy efficiency supply curves usually present levelized costs
per kWh or kW saved by multiplying the initial investment in an efficient technology or
program by the “capital recovery rate” (CRR) as follows:

                                                     d
                                     CRR =
                                              1 - (1 + d ) -n

where d is the real discount rate and n is the number of years over which the investment is
written off (i.e., amortized).

Thus,
         Levelized Cost per kWh Saved = Initial Cost x CRR/Annual Energy Savings
          Levelized Cost per kW Saved = Initial Cost x CRR/Peak Demand Savings

The levelized cost per kWh and kW saved are useful because they allow simple comparison
of the characteristics of energy efficiency with the characteristics of energy supply
technologies. However, the levelized cost per kW or kWh saved are biased indicators of cost-
effectiveness because all of the efficiency measure costs are allocated to either peak savings
or annual energy savings. As a result, energy efficiency supply curves do not reflect the
integrated value of both peak and energy savings. In this study, the integrated value of both
peak and energy savings is captured by using the total resource cost test for each measure as
described in the section on Economic Potential below.

Exhibit 2-5 shows a simplified numeric example of a supply curve calculation for several
energy efficiency measures applied to commercial lighting for a hypothetical population of
buildings. It is important to note that in an energy efficiency supply curve, measures are
sorted by relative cost—from least to most expensive. In addition, the energy consumption of
the system being affected by the efficiency measures goes down as each measure is applied.
As a result, the savings attributable to each subsequent measure decrease if the measures are
interactive. For example, the occupancy sensor measure shown in Exhibit 2-5 would save
more at less cost per unit saved if it was applied to the base-case consumption before the T8
lamp and electronic ballast combination. Because the T8 electronic ballast combination is
more cost-effective, however, it is applied first, reducing the energy savings potential for the
occupancy sensor. Thus, in a typical energy efficiency supply curve, the base-case end-use
consumption is reduced with each unit of energy efficiency that is acquired. Notice in Exhibit
2-5 that the total end-use GWh consumption is recalculated after each measure is
implemented, thus reducing the base energy available to be saved by the next measure.

Exhibit 2-5 shows an example that would represent measures for one base-case technology in
one market segment. These calculations are performed for all of the base-case technologies,
market segments, and measure combinations in the scope of a study. The results are then
ordered by levelized cost and the individual measure savings are summed to produce the
energy efficiency potential for the entire sector.


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                 Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



In the next subsection, we discuss how economic potential is estimated as a subset of
technical potential.

                                Exhibit 2-5
Sample Technical Potential Supply Curve Calculation for Commercial Lighting
                     (Note: Data are illustrative only)

                                Total End
                                   Use      Applicable, Not
                              Consumption Complete and       Average                      Levelized
                              of Population    Feasible     kWh/ft2 of Savings    GWh    Cost ($/kWh
             Measure              (GWh)      (1000s of ft2) population   %       Savings   saved)
    Base Case: T12 lamps
                                   425           100,000      4.3       N/A       N/A        N/A
    w/Magnetic Ballast

    1. T8 w. Elec. Ballast         425           100,000      4.3       21%        89       $0.04

    2. Occupancy Sensors           336            40,000      3.4       10%        13       $0.11

    3. Perimeter Dimming           322            10,000      3.2       45%        14       $0.25

    With all measures              309                        3.1       27%       116




2.4 Estimation of Economic Potential

Economic potential is typically used to refer to the technical potential of those energy
efficiency measures that are cost effective when compared to either supply-side alternatives
or the price of energy. Economic potential takes into account the fact that many energy
efficiency measures cost more to purchase initially than do their standard-efficiency
counterparts. The incremental costs of each efficiency measure are compared to the savings
delivered by the measure to produce estimates of energy savings per unit of additional cost.
These estimates of energy efficiency resource costs can then be compared to estimates of
other resources such as building and operating new power plants.

2.4.1 Cost Effectiveness Tests
To estimate economic potential, it is necessary to develop a method by which it can be
determined that a measure or program is cost effective. In this study, we use the total
resource cost (TRC) test to assess cost effectiveness. The TRC test is a form of societal
benefit-cost test. Other tests that are sometimes used in analyses of program cost-
effectiveness include the utility cost, ratepayer impact measure (RIM), and participant tests.
Before discussing the TRC test and how it is used in our DSM forecasts, below we present a
brief introduction to the common cost effectiveness tests:3



3   California Standard Practice Manual, October 2001.


Methodology                                                                                         2-9
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

       Total Resource Cost Test — The TRC test measures the net costs of a demand-
       side management program as a resource option based on the total costs of the
       program, including both the participants' and the utility's costs. The test is
       applicable to conservation, load management, and fuel substitution programs. For
       fuel-substitution programs, the test measures the net effect of the impacts from the
       fuel not chosen versus the impacts from the fuel that is chosen as a result of the
       program. TRC test results for fuel-substitution programs should be viewed as a
       measure of the economic efficiency implications of the total energy supply system
       (gas and electric). A variant on the TRC test is the societal test. The societal test
       differs from the TRC test in that it includes the effects of externalities (e.g.
       environmental, national security), excludes tax credit benefits, and uses a different
       (societal) discount rate.
       Participant Test — The participant test is the measure of the quantifiable benefits
       and costs to the customer due to participation in a program. Since many customers
       do not base their decision to participate in a program entirely on quantifiable
       variables, this test cannot be a complete measure of the benefits and costs of a
       program to a customer.
       Utility (Program Administrator) Test — The program administrator cost test
       measures the net costs of a demand-side management program as a resource option
       based on the costs incurred by the program administrator (including incentive
       costs) and excluding any net costs incurred by the participant. The benefits are
       similar to the TRC benefits.
       Ratepayer Impact Measure Test — The ratepayer impact measure (RIM) test
       measures what happens to customer bills or rates due to changes in utility revenues
       and operating costs caused by the program. Rates will go down if the change in
       revenues from the program is greater than the change in utility costs. Conversely,
       rates or bills will go up if revenues collected after program implementation are less
       than the total costs incurred by the utility in implementing the program. This test
       indicates the direction and magnitude of the expected change in customer bills or
       rate levels.

The key benefits and costs of the various cost-effectiveness tests are summarized below in
Exhibit 2-6.




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             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                    Exhibit 2-6
            Summary of Benefits and Costs of Common Benefit-Cost Tests

         Test                          Benefits                                Costs

 TRC Test               • Generation, transmission and          • Generation costs
                          distribution savings
                                                                • Program costs paid by the
                        • Participants avoided equipment          administrator
                          costs (fuel switching only)
                                                                • Participant measure costs

 Participant Test       • Bill reductions                       • Bill increases

                        • Incentives                            • Participant measure costs

                        • Participants avoided equipment
                          costs (fuel switching only)

 Utility (Program       • Generation, transmission and          • Generation costs
 Administrator) Test      distribution savings
                                                                • Program costs paid by the
                                                                  administrator

                                                                • Incentives

 Ratepayer Impact       • Generation, transmission and          • Generation costs
 Measure Test             distribution savings
                                                                • Revenue loss
                        • Revenue gain
                                                                • Program costs paid by the
                                                                  administrator
                                                                • Incentives



Generation, transmission and distribution savings (hereafter referred to as energy benefits)
are defined as the economic value of the energy and demand savings stimulated by the
interventions being assessed. These benefits are typically measured as induced changes in
energy consumption and valued using some mix of avoided costs. Electricity benefits are
typically valued using three types of avoided electricity costs: avoided distribution costs,
avoided transmission costs, and avoided electricity generation costs (which are often
characterized in terms of both energy and capacity costs).

Participant costs are comprised primarily of incremental measure costs. Incremental measure
costs are essentially the costs of obtaining energy efficiency. In the case of an add-on device
(say, an adjustable-speed drive or ceiling insulation), the incremental cost is simply the
installed cost of the measure itself. In the case of equipment that is available in various levels
of efficiency (e.g., a central air conditioner), the incremental cost is the excess of the cost of
the high-efficiency unit over the cost of the base (reference) unit.

Administrative costs encompass the real resource costs of program administration, including
the costs of administrative personnel, program promotions, overhead, measurement and
evaluation, and shareholder incentives. In this context, administrative costs are not defined to
include the costs of various incentives (e.g., customer rebates and salesperson incentives) that


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           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

may be offered to encourage certain types of behavior. The exclusion of these incentive costs
reflects the fact that they are essentially transfer payments. That is, from a societal
perspective they involve offsetting costs (to the program administrator) and benefits (to the
recipient).

2.4.2 Use of the Total Resource Cost to Estimate Economic Potential

The TRC test is used in two ways in this study. First, we develop an estimate of economic
potential by calculating the TRC of individual measures and applying the methodology
described below. Second, we develop estimates of whether different program scenarios are
cost effective.

Economic potential can be defined either inclusively or exclusively of the costs of programs
that are designed to increase the adoption rate of energy efficiency measures. At this stage of
the analysis, we define economic potential to exclude program costs. We do so primarily
because program costs are dependent on a number of factors that vary significantly as a
function of program delivery strategy. There is no single estimate of program costs that
would accurately represent such costs across the wide range of program types and funding
levels possible. Once an assumption is made about program costs, one must also link those
assumptions to expectations about market response to the types of interventions assumed.
Because of this, we believe it is more appropriate to factor program costs into our analysis of
maximum achievable and program potential. Thus, our definition of economic potential is
that portion of the technical potential that passes our economic screening test (using the TRC
test) exclusive of program costs. Economic potential, like technical potential, is a theoretical
quantity that will exceed the amount of potential we estimate to be achievable through even
the most aggressive voluntary program activities.

As discussed previously, the TRC focuses on resource savings and counts benefits as utility-
avoided supply costs and costs as participant costs and utility program costs. It ignores any
impact on rates. It also treats financial incentives and rebates as transfer payments; i.e., the
TRC is not affected by incentives. The somewhat simplified benefit and cost formulas for the
TRC are presented in Equations 2-1 and 2-2 below.

                       N      Avoided Costs of Supply p, t
        Benefits = ∑                                                                Eqn. 2-1
                       t =1            (1 + d) t -1

                N
                       Program Cost t + Participant Cost t
        Costs = ∑                                                                   Eqn. 2-2
                t =1              (1 + d) t -1

       where:
                d=            the discount rate
                p=            the costing period
                t=            time (in years)
                n=            20 years



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              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

A nominal discount rate of 8.67 percent is used. We use a normalized measure life of 20
years to capture the benefit of long-lived measures. Measures with measure lives shorter than
20 years are “re-installed” in our analysis as many times as necessary to reach the normalized
20-year life of the analysis. This assumption is reasonable given that most measures are
eventually replaced with more, not less, efficient alternatives.

The avoided costs of supply are calculated by multiplying measure energy savings and peak
demand impacts by per-unit avoided costs by costing period. Energy savings are allocated to
costing periods and peak impacts estimated using load shape factors.

As noted previously, in the measure-level TRC calculation used to estimate economic
potential, program costs are excluded from Equation 2-2. Using the supply curve
methodology discussed previously, measures are ordered by TRC (highest to lowest) and
then the economic potential is calculated by summing the energy savings for all of the
technologies for which the marginal TRC test is greater than 1.0. In the example Exhibit 2-7,
the economic potential would include the savings for measures 1 and 2, but exclude savings
for measure 3 because the TRC is less than 1.0 for measure 3. The supply curve
methodology, when combined with estimates of the TRC for individual measures, produces
estimates of the economic potential of efficiency improvements. Again, by definition and
intent, this estimate of economic potential is a theoretical quantity that will exceed the
amount of potential we estimate to be achievable through program activities in the final steps
of our analyses.

                                Exhibit 2-7
    Sample Use of Supply Curve Framework to Estimate Economic Potential
                      (Note: Data are illustrative only)

                           Total End
                              Use      Applicable, Not                                      Savings
                         Consumption Complete and Average                         Total   Included in
                                                             2
                         of Population    Feasible     kWh/ft of Savings GWh Resource Economic
      Measure                (GWh)     Sq.Feet (000s) population   %    Savings Cost Test Potential?
Base Case: T12 lamps         425          100,000          4.3    N/A     N/A      N/A        N/A
 w/Magnetic Ballast
1. T8 w. Elec. Ballast       425          100,000          4.3   21%       89       2.5       Yes
2. Occupancy Sensors         336           40,000          3.4   10%       13       1.1       Yes
3. Perimeter Dimming         322           10,000          3.2   45%       14       0.6       No
                Technical Potential w. all measures              27%      116
      Economic Potential w. measures for which TRC > 1.0         24%      102




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           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



2.5 Estimation of Maximum Achievable Program and Naturally-
Occurring Potentials

In this section we present the method we employ to estimate the fraction of the market that
adopts each energy efficiency measure in the presence and absence of energy efficiency
programs. We define:

       Maximum achievable potential is a forecast of the amount of economic potential
       that could be achieved over time under the most aggressive program scenario
       possible.
       Program potential is a forecast of the amount of savings that would occur in
       response to one or more specific market interventions.
       Naturally occurring potential is a forecast of the amount of savings estimated to
       occur as a result of normal market forces, that is, in the absence of any utility or
       governmental intervention.

Forecasts of program potential are the most important results of the modeling process.
Estimating technical, economic, and maximum achievable potentials are necessary steps in
the process from which important information can be obtained. However, the end goal of the
process is to better understand how much of the remaining potential can be captured in
programs, whether it would be cost-effective to increase program spending, and how
program costs may be expected to change in response to measure adoption over time.

According to our definitions and the method described in this section, the maximum
achievable potential forecast is really a type of program potential forecast that defines the
upper limit of savings from market interventions. Therefore, in the remainder of this section,
we will often discuss our general method using the term “program potential” to represent
both program and maximum achievable potential.

2.5.1 Adoption Method Overview
We use a method of estimating adoption of energy efficiency measures that applies equally to
our program and naturally occurring analyses. Whether as a result of natural market forces or
aided by a program intervention, the rate at which measures are adopted is modeled in our
method as a function of the following factors:

       The availability of the adoption opportunity as a function of capital equipment
       turnover rates and changes in building stock over time
       Customer awareness of the efficiency measure
       The cost-effectiveness of the efficiency measure
       Market barriers associated with the efficiency measure.




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              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

The method employed is executed in the measure penetration module of KEMA-
XENERGY’s DSM ASSYST model. Only measures that pass the measure-level TRC test are
put into the penetration module for estimation of customer adoption.

Availability
In most cases, the model uses a stock accounting algorithm that handles capital turnover and
stock decay over a period of up to 20 years. In the first step of our achievable potential
method, we calculate the number of customers for whom each measure will apply. The input
to this calculation is the total floor space available for the measure from the technical
potential analysis, i.e., the total floor space multiplied by the applicability, not complete, and
feasibility factors described previously. We call this the eligible stock. The stock algorithm
keeps track of the amount of floor space available for each efficiency measure in each year
based on the total eligible stock and whether the application is new construction, retrofit, or
replace-on-burnout.4

Retrofit measures are available for implementation by the entire eligible stock. The eligible
stock is reduced over time as a function of adoptions5 and building decay.6 Replace-on-
burnout measures are available only on an annual basis, approximated as equal to the inverse
of the service life.7 The annual portion of the eligible market that does not accept the replace-
on-burnout measure does not have an opportunity again until the end of the service life.

New construction applications are available for implementation in the first year. Those
customers that do not accept the measure are given subsequent opportunities corresponding
to whether the measure is a replacement or retrofit-type measure.

Awareness
In our modeling framework, customers cannot adopt an efficient measure merely because
there is stock available for conversion. Before they can make the adoption choice, they must
be aware and informed about the efficiency measure. Thus, in the second stage of the
process, the model calculates the portion of the available market that is informed. An initial
user-specified parameter sets the initial level of awareness for each measure. Awareness
levels vary by measure as a function of the relative cost effectiveness of the measure. More
cost-effective measures have higher awareness levels than less cost-effective measures. For



4 Replace-on-burnout measures are defined as the efficiency opportunities that are available only when the base
   equipment turns over at the end of its service life. For example, a high-efficiency chiller measure is usually
   only considered at the end of the life of an existing chiller. By contrast, retrofit measures are defined to be
   constantly available, for example, application of a window film to existing glazing.
5 That is, each square foot that adopts the retrofit measure is removed from the eligible stock for retrofit in the
   subsequent year.
6 An input to the model is the rate of decay of the existing floor space. Floor space typically decays at a very
   slow rate.
7 For example, a base-case technology with a service life of 15 years is only available for replacement to a high-
   efficiency alternative each year at the rate of 1/15 times the total eligible stock. For example, the fraction of
   the market that does not adopt the high-efficiency measure in year t will not be available to adopt the
   efficient alternative again until year t + 15.


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                Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

this study, initial awareness levels generally start around 25 percent and, in the naturally
occurring scenario, increase modestly over time.

Incremental increases in awareness are estimated in the model as a function of the amount of
money spent on awareness and information building and how well those information-
building resources are directed to target markets. In this study, awareness levels grow under
the different program scenarios to roughly 60, 80, and 100 percent under the increasing
program budgets estimated for respective scenario.8

User-defined program characteristics determine how well information-building money is
targeted. Well-targeted programs are those for which most of the money is spent informing
only those customers that are in a position to implement a particular group of measures.
Untargeted programs are those in which advertising cannot be well focused on the portion of
the market that is available to implement particular measures. The penetration module in
DSM ASSYST has a target effectiveness parameter that is used to adjust for differences in
program advertising efficiency associated with alternative program types.

The model also controls for information retention. An information decay parameter in the
model is used to control for the percentage of customers that will retain program information
from one year to the next. Information retention is based on the characteristics of the target
audience and the temporal effectiveness of the marketing techniques employed.

Adoption
The portion of the total market that is available and informed can now face the choice of
whether or not to adopt a particular measure. Only those customers for whom a measure is
available for implementation (stage 1) and, of those customers, only those who have been
informed about the program/measure (stage 2), are in a position to make the implementation
decision.

In the third stage of our penetration process, the model calculates the fraction of the market
that adopts each efficiency measure as a function of the participant test. The participant test is
a benefit-cost ratio that is generally calculated as follows:

                            N
                                   Customer Bill Savings ($) t
           Benefits = ∑                                                                Eqn. 2-3
                            t =1          (1 + d) t -1

                      N
                             Participant Costs ($) t
           Costs = ∑                                                                   Eqn. 2-4
                     t =1          (1 + d) t -1




8   See Chapter 4 for scenario definitions and assumed funding levels.


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       where:
                d=       the discount rate
                t=       time (in years)
                n=       20 years

As noted previously, we use a normalized measure life of 20 years in order to compare the
cost-effectiveness associated with measures with different service lives. Measures with lives
shorter than 20 years are “re-installed” in our analysis as many times as necessary to reach
the normalized 20-year life of the analysis. For example, the costs for a measure with a 10-
year lifetime would include the costs in Year 1 plus the present value of the costs of
installing the measure again in Year 11. The benefits would be the present value of the 20-
year stream of avoided costs reductions associated with the measure.

The bill reductions are calculated by multiplying measure energy savings and customer peak
demand impacts by retail energy and demand rates.

The model uses measure implementation curves to estimate the percentage of the informed
market that will accept each measure based on the participant’s benefit-cost ratio. The model
provides enough flexibility so that each measure in each market segment can have a separate
implementation rate curve. The functional form used for the implementation curves is:

                             a
        y=
             ⎛      − ln ⎞
                        x                                                              Eqn. 2-5
             ⎜1 + e
             ⎝            ⎠
                               (
                        4 ⎟ × 1 + e − cln( bx )
                                                  )
       where:
                y=       the fraction of the market that installs a measure in a given year from
                         the pool of informed applicable customers;
                x=       the customer’s benefit-cost ratio for the measure;
                a=       the maximum annual acceptance rate for the technology;
                b=       the inflection point of the curve. It is generally 1 over the benefit-cost
                         ratio that will give a value of 1/2 the maximum value; and
                c=       the parameter that determines the general shape (slope) of the curve.

The primary curves utilized in our model are shown in Exhibit 2-8. These curves produce
base year program results that are calibrated to actual measure implementation results
associated with major IOU commercial efficiency programs over the past several years.
Different curves are used to reflect different levels of market barriers for different efficiency
measures. A list of market barriers is shown in Exhibit 2-10. It is the existence of these
barriers that necessitates program interventions to increase the adoption of energy efficiency
measures. For more information on market barriers see Eto, Prahl, and Schlegel (1997),
Golove and Eto (1996), DeCanio (2000), and DeCanio (1998).

Note that for the moderate, high, and extremely high barrier curves, the participant benefit-
cost ratios have to be very high before significant adoption occurs. This is because the


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                Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

participant benefit-cost ratios are based on a 15-percent discount rate. This discount rate
reflects likely adoption if there were no market barriers or market failures, as reflected in the
no-barriers curve in the figure. Experience has shown, however, that actual adoption
behavior correlates with implicit discount rates several times those that would be expected in
a perfect market.9

The model estimates adoption under both naturally occurring and program intervention
situations. There are only two differences between the naturally occurring and program
analyses. First, in any program intervention case in which measure incentives are provided,
the participant benefit-cost ratios are adjusted based on the incentives. Thus, if an incentive
that pays 50 percent of the incremental measure cost is applied in the program analysis, the
participant benefit-cost ratio for that measure will double (since the costs have been halved).
The effect on the amount of adoption estimated depends on where the pre- and post-incentive
benefit-cost ratios fall on the curve. This effect is illustrated in Exhibit 2-9.

Achievable potential energy efficiency forecasts are developed for several scenarios, from
low levels of program intervention, through moderately increased levels, up to an aggressive
energy efficiency acquisition scenario. The final results produced are forecasts of annual
streams of achievable program impacts (energy and demand by time-of-use period) and all
societal and participant costs (program costs plus end-user costs).




9   For some, it is easier to consider adoption as a function of simple payback. However, the relationship between
     payback and the participant benefit-cost ratio varies depending on measure life and discount rate. For a
     long-lived measure of 15 years with a 15-percent discount rate, the equivalent payback at which half of the
     market would adopt a measure is roughly 6 months, based on the high barrier curve in Exhibit 2-7. At a 1-
     year payback, one-quarter of the market would adopt the measure. Adoption reaches near its maximum at a
     3-month payback. The curves reflect the real-world observation that implicit discount rates can be well over
     100 percent.


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         Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                              Exhibit 2-8
      Primary Measure Implementation Curves Used in Adoption Model
                                    100%
                                                                            No Barriers
                                    90%
                                                                                                                Moderate Barriers
         Maximum Penetration Rate   80%
                                                                                          Low Barriers
                                    70%

                                    60%

                                    50%

                                    40%                                                           High
                                                                                                                        Extremely High Barriers
                                                                                                 Barriers
                                    30%

                                    20%

                                    10%

                                     0%
                                                0                                  5              10               15                20           25        30
                                                                                                    Participant Benefit-Cost Ratio




                                                             Exhibit 2-9
                                      Illustration of Effect of Incentives on Adoption Level
                                           as Characterized in Implementation Curves

                                                                      80%

                                                                      70%
                                           Maximum Penetration Rate




                                                                      60%

                                                                      50%

                                                                      40%

                                                                      30%                           B-C Ratio: With 50% incentive
                                                                                Net increase
                                                                                in adoption
                                                                      20%
                                                                                                   Initial B-C Ratio: No incentive
                                                                      10%

                                                                      0%
                                                                            0             5         10            15            20        25           30
                                                                                                    Participant Benefit-Cost Ratio




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                  Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                               Exhibit 2-10
 Summary Description of Market Barriers from Eto, Prahl, and Schlegel (1997)

       Barrier                                                 Description
Information or         The costs of identifying energy-efficient products or services or of learning about energy-
Search Costs           efficient practices, including the value of time spent finding out about or locating a product
                       or service or hiring someone else to do so.
Performance            The difficulties consumers face in evaluating claims about future benefits. Closely related
Uncertainties          to high search costs, in that acquiring the information needed to evaluate claims regarding
                       future performance is rarely costless.
Asymmetric             The tendency of sellers of energy-efficient products or services to have more and better
Information and        information about their offerings than do consumers, which, combined with potential
Opportunism            incentives to mislead, can lead to sub-optimal purchasing behavior.
Hassle or              The indirect costs of acquiring energy efficiency, including the time, materials and labor
Transaction            involved in obtaining or contracting for an energy-efficient product or service. (Distinct from
Costs                  search costs in that it refers to what happens once a product has been located.)
Hidden Costs           Unexpected costs associated with reliance on or operation of energy-efficient products or
                       services - for example, extra operating and maintenance costs.
Access to              The difficulties associated with the lending industry’s historic inability to account for the
Financing              unique features of loans for energy savings products (i.e., that future reductions in utility
                       bills increase the borrower’s ability to repay a loan) in underwriting procedures.
Bounded                The behavior of an individual during the decision-making process that either seems or
Rationality            actually is inconsistent with the individual’s goals.
Organization           Organizational behavior or systems of practice that discourage or inhibit cost-effective
Practices or           energy efficiency decisions, for example, procurement rules that make it difficult to act on
Customs                energy efficiency decisions based on economic merit.
Misplaced or           Cases in which the incentives of an agent charged with purchasing energy efficiency are
Split incentives       not aligned with those of the persons who would benefit from the purchase.
Product or             The failure of manufacturers, distributors or vendors to make a product or service available
Service                in a given area or market. May result from collusion, bounded rationality, or supply
Unavailability         constraints.
Externalities          Costs that are associated with transactions, but which are not reflected in the price paid in
                       the transaction.
Non-externality        Factors other than externalities that move prices away from marginal cost. An example
Pricing                arises when utility commodity prices are set using ratemaking practices based on average
                       (rather than marginal) costs.
Inseparability of      The difficulties consumers sometimes face in acquiring desirable energy efficiency features
Product                in products without also acquiring (and paying for) additional undesired features that
Features               increase the total cost of the product beyond what the consumer is willing to pay.
Irreversibility        The difficulty of reversing a purchase decision in light of new information that may become
                       available, which may deter the initial purchase, for example, if energy prices decline, one
                       cannot resell insulation that has been blown into a wall.




2-20                                                                                                  Methodology
3
Data Development and Economic Inputs


In this chapter, we discuss the process used to develop the PNM baseline data, the economic
data used as inputs to the cost-benefit tests (i.e., avoided energy and capacity costs, retail
rates, and discount rates), and the cost and savings data associated with the efficiency
measures assessed in this study. We also discuss our treatment of new construction and the
significance of the low-income segment in PNM’s residential sector.

3.1 Development of Baseline Building and Energy Data

The key building data necessary to establish the modeling baselines for this study include the
following:

       units of consumption (e.g., number of households for the residential sector, square
       feet of building space for the commercial sector, and kWh sales for the industrial
       sector)
       electric end-use saturations (e.g., the share of households owning particular types
       of energy-using equipment)
       end-use energy intensity (e.g., annual kWh/unit for residential appliances and
       annual kWh/square foot for commercial lighting and cooling)
       end-use load shapes (e.g., the distribution of end-use energy consumption across
       hours of the day, days of the week, and season)

For this study, we obtained and developed primary data from PNM internal sources (billing,
load research, load forecasts, and market research), mail-based surveys of PNM customers,
energy-use simulations of prototypical buildings in PNM’s service territory, and recent
potential studies conducted by the authors. The pieces of information most critical to assuring
credible results are the actual loads experienced by PNM. To this end, we used actual energy
consumption and peak demand data for the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors
provided by PNM to benchmark the bottom-up sum of individual end-use estimates. Bottom-
up energy consumption estimates for the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors were
reconciled to PNM’s actual sales to each sector in calendar year 2005. Similarly, the bottom-
up peak demand estimates for each sector were reconciled to PNM’s actual 2005 system
peak, which occurred on July 20, 2005 at 4 PM MDT. In the sections below, we describe the
sources and processes used to develop the end-use data applied in this study.




Data Development                                                                           3-1
                                              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


3.1.1 Residential Sector Data Development
Based on billing and account data, PNM provided two key data series that served as
important benchmarks during the development of the residential baseline. First, PNM
provided a breakdown of residential accounts according to whether the account was
associated with a single-family detached dwelling or a multi-family dwelling. Within these
categories, PNM also provided a breakdown of the number of residential accounts located in
each of the three main climate zones of PNM’s electric service territory (North, Central, and
South). Second, PNM provided a breakdown of actual residential electricity sales in 2005 by
both building type (single-family vs. multi-family) and climate zone. These breakdowns are
shown in Exhibit 3-1.

                                                  Exhibit 3-1
                     2005 Sales (excludes losses) and Number of Residential Customers by
                                        Climate Zone and Building Type


                                        300                                                                                                2,500

                                                                     Number of dwellings           Electricity use

                                        250
                                                                                                                                           2,000
      number of dwellings (thousands)




                                                                                                                                                   annual electricity use (GWh)
                                        200
                                                                                                                                           1,500

                                        150

                                                                                                                                           1,000
                                        100


                                                                                                                                           500
                                         50



                                          0                                                                                                0
                                              Single-family   Multi-family   Single-family   Multi-family   Single-family   Multi-family
                                                         North                         Central                         South




As the Exhibit shows, the vast majority of PNM’s residential customers are single-family
households in the Central climate zone (greater Albuquerque), and these customers account
for nearly two-thirds of PNM’s total residential electricity sales. Overall, single-family
homes account for over 80 percent of PNM’s residential customers and residential electricity
sales.




3-2                                                                                                                             Data Development
             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

Data on the saturation of energy-using equipment in residential households were derived
from the results of a residential mail survey fielded by SRBI for this study. The survey
instrument, developed jointly by PNM’s market research group, Itron, and SRBI, focused on
self-reports of home characteristics (e.g. type, size, age), ownership and usage of energy-
using equipment, and current saturation of energy efficiency measures.

In total, over 2500 of PNM’s residential customers completed and returned the residential
survey instrument. The zip codes of respondents allowed results to be segmented by climate
zone and then weighted so that the survey results reflect the actual distribution of PNM’s
residential customers across the three main climate zones. Self-reported data on building type
and vintage allowed the results to be further segmented into single-family and multi-family
homes as well as homes built prior to 2000 (“existing homes”) and homes built after 2000
(“new homes”).10

Exhibit 3-2 presents a summary of the self-reported ownership of residential heating and
cooling equipment by building type. As the Exhibit shows, the self-reported ownership of
electric space heating and water heating equipment is quite low among PNM’s residential
customers, with the vast majority reporting to use gas-fired heating equipment. In contrast,
over 75 percent of all households report using some type of electric air-conditioning (AC)
equipment, nearly three-quarters of which is currently evaporative coolers. The results shown
in Exhibit 3-2 confirm the findings of PNM’s recent residential customer phone surveys,
which indicate that while the majority of homes in PNM’s service territory use evaporative
cooling, a small but growing share of homes now use some type of “refrigerated air” system,
i.e., central refrigerative AC systems, room refrigerative AC units, or heat pumps.11




10 We chose not to apply survey results segmented by climate zone in the analysis due to the small sample sizes
    in the North and South climate zones.
11 PNM Annual RKS Residential Customer Satisfaction Survey.



Data Development                                                                                           3-3
                       Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                    Exhibit 3-2
     Self-reported Ownership of Heating and Cooling Equipment by Home Type

                                             other

                              tankless water heat                                           Single-family dwellings
       heating




                        solar-assisted water heat
                                                                                            Multi-family dwellings
                           heat pump water heat

                               electric water heat

                 electric space heating (all types)

                                             none

                                             other

                                        ceiling fan

                                 whole-house fan
       cooling




                                     portable fans

                            room refrigerative a/c

                                       heat pump

                          central refrigerative a/c

                                  central evap a/c

                                                      0%   10%   20%   30%     40%   50%    60%       70%   80%   90%   100%
                                                                             share of dwellings (%)




Exhibit 3-3 presents a summary of the self-reported ownership of residential appliances by
building type. With the exception of clothes washers and well pumps, the appliance
ownership rates shown in Exhibit 3-3 are somewhat lower than those reported in the
USDOE’s Residential Energy Consumption Survey for the Mountain census division of the
Western U.S.12




12   The Mountain census division includes the states of Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Idaho,
      Wyoming, and Montana.


3-4                                                                                                         Data Development
                         Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                     Exhibit 3-3
     Self-reported Saturation Rates of Residential Appliances by Building Type


                                     pool heater

                                      pool pump                                             Single-family dwellings

                              spa/hot tub heater                                            Multi-family dwellings

                                      well pump

                                       television

                                   clothes dryer
      appliances




                   clothes washer - front-loading

                    clothes washer - top-loading

                                      microwave

                                     dishwasher

                           electric range w/oven

                                  3 refrigerators

                                  2 refrigerators

                                   1 refrigerator

                                                    0%   10%   20%   30%    40%    50%    60%       70%   80%   90%   100%
                                                                           share of dwellings (%)




For the residential analysis, we developed unit energy consumption (annual kWh/household)
and load shape estimates for each residential end use based on the results of building
simulations carried out using Itron’s SitePro software. We began by constructing building
profiles for prototypical single-family and multi-family homes in PNM based on self-
reported data from the residential mail survey. These data included home size (square
footage), income, occupancy, and the share of flat versus pitched roofs. In order to capture
differences in energy consumption due to climate, we ran SitePro simulations using three
different sets of weather data to represent the three main climate zones in PNM’s service
territory.13 These simulations produced separate UECs and load shapes for weather-sensitive
end uses (i.e., air-conditioning and furnace fans) for each of PNM’s climate zones. It should
be noted that evaporative cooling is not explicitly modeled in SitePro (or DOE-2, the
underlying simulation code). For this analysis, we assumed that the UEC for evaporative
coolers is one-third that of central refrigerative AC systems, which is consistent with the
findings of PNM’s load research study of new homes.14


13 Due to availability of weather data available in DOE-2 format, we used Los Alamos weather data for the
    North region, Albuquerque weather data for the Central region, and Roswell weather data for the South
    region.
14 Residential HVAC Study, 11/5/2004, prepared by PNM Load Analysis.



Data Development                                                                                                         3-5
                      Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

After combining the data sets described above, some adjustments were necessary in order to
reconcile the built-up estimates of residential energy consumption with PNM’s actual 2005
sales (2997 GWh) and peak demand (524 MW) and correct for known biases in the data. We
decreased the UEC values for central refrigerative AC and room refrigerative AC estimated
by SitePro by 25 percent and 50 percent, respectively, to account for diversity in customer
behavior (which is assumed to be uniform in SitePro) and overestimations of internal gains
related to how the building prototypes were specified. We also decreased the UECs for
refrigerators and miscellaneous appliances estimated by SitePro by approximately 25 percent
to be in line with UEC values recently developed for California homes. For lighting, the
UECs estimated by SitePro were more than 40 percent lower than those estimated for
California homes. To lessen this gap, we chose to increase the SitePro lighting UECs by
approximately 15 percent. Exhibits 3-4 and 3-5 show the final, reconciled end-use UECs
used in the residential potential analysis for PNM. Note that the UEC for electric water
heating includes the hot water load going to clothes washers and dishwashers. Similarly, the
UECs for clothes washers and dishwashers do not include energy consumption for internal
water heating and mainly reflect the appliances’ mechanical energy loads.

                                                      Exhibit 3-4
                                    Weather-sensitive UECs used for PNM Analysis



                Single-family
                                                                             Central refrigerative
      North




                                                                             Evaporative coolers

                 Multi-family                                                Room refrigerative




                Single-family
      Central




                 Multi-family




                Single-family
      South




                 Multi-family


                                0         500    1000    1500       2000     2500         3000       3500
                                                        kWh/household/year




3-6                                                                                      Data Development
                Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                          Exhibit 3-5
                      Non-weather sensitive UECs used for PNM Analysis


             Miscellaneous


                Pool Pump


               Dishwasher
                                                                                Single-family dwellings

             Clothes Dryer                                                      Multi-family dwellings

            Clotheswasher


        Elec. Water Heater


                   Freezer


       Second Refrigerator


               Refrigerator


                   Lighting

                              0     500       1,000     1,500     2,000      2,500     3,000     3,500      4,000
                                                           kWh/household/year




3.1.2 Commercial Sector Data Development

For this study, we defined the commercial sector to include the following nine business
types: Office, Restaurant, Retail, Grocery, School, College, Hospital, Lodging, and
Miscellaneous Commercial.15 For the purposes of this study, we defined two groups of
commercial and industrial customers: “small power” customers, which includes PNM’s small
power rate class (for customers with demand up to 50 kW); and “large power” customers (for
customers with demand greater than 50 kW). For large power customers, PNM’s customer
information database contains fairly complete data on the Standard Industrial Classification
(SIC) category of each customer. Thus for commercial customers in the large power class,
PNM staff were able to provide sales data for each of the nine commercial segments listed
above. For small power customers, however, PNM’s customer database does not contain
reliable SIC classifications for all customers. Direct estimates of total commercial sales by
segment were thus unavailable.

15   Explicitly excluded from the Miscellaneous Commercial sector are miscellaneous manufacturing, agriculture,
      irrigation, water and sewage, and transportation equipment, which are included as segments in the industrial
      analysis (see section 3.1.3). Note that accounts serving traffic signals, street lighting, cable television, and
      temporary service customers were excluded from this study. These loads accounted for less than one percent
      of PNM’s total electricity sales in 2005.


Data Development                                                                                                    3-7
              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



In order to establish the small power commercial sector baseline for this study, we relied on
self-reported business type data derived from a mail survey of small power customers fielded
by SRBI for this study. The survey focused mainly on questions concerning equipment
ownership, usage, and the current saturation of energy efficiency measures. However, the
survey also allowed customers to self-report their principal business activity as either
agriculture, manufacturing, residential, or one of our nine commercial segments. In total,
over 2300 small power customers completed the survey. By combining the self-reported
business type data with the customer-specific sales data provided by PNM, SRBI was able to
construct an energy-weighted distribution of survey respondents by segment. This
distribution was then applied to the actual 2005 total sales to small power customers to derive
estimates of commercial sales by segment.16 These estimates were in turn combined with the
segmented sales data for large power customers provided by PNM to produce estimates of
total sales to commercial customers by segment. Total electricity sales to PNM’s commercial
customers were estimated to be 3,354 GWh in 2005.

To estimate contributions to system peak demand from commercial customers, PNM
provided estimates of system coincident peak demand by segment for large power customers
based on interval data from their current load research sample. However, for small power
customers, such estimates were only available for the total rate class, not by segment. In
order to estimate peak demand by segment, we first removed the estimated contribution from
non-commercial segments from total small power peak demand.17 We then applied the
distribution of peak demand for large commercial customers in order to estimate segmented
peak demand for small commercial customers. This produced estimates of commercial peak
demand by segment and an estimate of total system coincident peak demand from PNM’s
commercial customers of 667 MW.

Another important benchmark for the energy analysis of the commercial sector is building
floor area. However, no estimates of floor area currently exist for commercial buildings in
PNM’s service territory. As a result, rather than constructing bottom-up estimates of total
electricity use from the product of end-use intensity (kWh/square foot), saturations, and floor
area, we estimated floor area by dividing total electricity use by the product of end-use
intensities and saturations. This approach produces end-use estimates that thus “self-
calibrate” to total sales. As we describe later in this section, however, our end-use estimates
were explicitly adjusted to reconcile with the peak demand estimates described above.

Due to a lack of primary data describing end-use energy consumption within commercial
buildings in PNM’s service territory, we leveraged several secondary sources in order to
develop end-use intensities (EUIs) for use in this study. For non-weather sensitive end uses,
we used recent energy use and equipment ownership data from the USDOE’s Commercial
Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), the CEC’s California Commercial End-Use
Survey, and Pacific Gas & Electricity’s Commercial Building Survey. For weather-sensitive

16 This derivation assumes that the energy-weighted distribution of survey respondents is representative of the
    energy-weighted distribution of customers across the small power class.
17 This estimate was based on the energy-weighted share of non-commercial customers among survey
    respondents (10.5%).


3-8                                                                                       Data Development
             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

end uses, we used SitePro simulations of prototypical commercial buildings in PNM’s
service territory to derive EUI estimates for each of PNM’s three principal climate zones.18
We also used SitePro simulations to estimate end-use load shapes for both weather-sensitive
and non-weather sensitive end uses. In our baseline analysis, these load shapes allow us to
calculate peak-to-energy factors and reconcile our end-use energy consumption estimates
with PNM’s actual system peak. Additionally, these load shapes allow us to translate end-use
energy consumption estimates into full-load equivalent hours. This transformation provides a
key reality-check in the commercial baseline analysis by allowing us to evaluate the
reasonableness of our EUI and saturation assumptions.

Within some end uses, a second level of disaggregation was necessary to segment the EUIs
among base case technologies. For example, in lighting, the end-use EUI was disaggregated
into separate EUIs for fluorescent versus incandescent fixtures. For lighting and cooling, we
derived end-use saturations and technology shares from the results of PNM’s mail surveys of
large power and small power customers.19 For other end-uses, we derived saturations and
technology shares primarily from CBECS data but also leveraged saturation estimates based
on extensive commercial on-site surveys recently conducted by Itron and KEMA in Xcel
Energy’s Colorado service territory.

After combining the data sets described above, we reduced the coincident peak factors for
cooling by 15 percent in order to reconcile the built-up estimates of end-use electricity
consumption with the estimated coincident peak demand from PNM’s commercial
customers. This adjustment is consistent with the adjustment made in the residential baseline
calibration and accounts for the diversity in customer behavior not captured by DOE-2. The
final, disaggregated commercial EUIs used in this study are shown in Appendix B on the
Base Technologies EUIs pages. The final commercial end-use technology saturations are
shown in Appendix B on the Applicability Factor pages. Below, Exhibit 3-6 shows the final
baseline estimates of electricity consumption by end use and business type in PNM’s
commercial sector.




18 Because evaporative cooling is not explicitly modeled in SitePro, we assumed that the EUI for commercial
    evaporative coolers is one-third that of packaged direct expansion AC systems, which is similar to the
    assumption used to derive UECs for evaporative cooling in the residential sector.
19 The results from these two surveys became available only during the final stages of this study. Due to time
    constraints, we were only able to incorporate survey results for baseline lighting and cooling technology
    shares.


Data Development                                                                                            3-9
                 Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                          Exhibit 3-6
                     Baseline Commercial Electricity Sales (excluding losses)
                                 by Business Type and End Use

          1200
                                                                                                     Miscellaneous
                                                                                                     Vending
          1000                                                                                       Water Heating
                                                                                                     Office Equipment
                                                                                                     Refrigeration
                                                                                                     Ventilation
           800                                                                                       Cooling
                                                                                                     Outdoor Lighting
                                                                                                     Indoor Lighting
    GWh




           600



           400



           200



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                                                                                                         is
3.1.3 Industrial Sector Data Development                                                                 M

For the industrial sector, we leveraged recent California statewide studies to assess energy
industrial energy efficiency potential in PNM’s service territory. In 2001, KEMA developed
an industrial energy-efficiency market characterization study that relied on numerous
secondary sources to characterize baseline energy use and energy efficiency opportunities in
the industrial sector. Subsequent to this effort, KEMA developed an industrial energy-
efficiency market assessment as a component of an overall California energy efficiency
potential study prepared for the Energy Foundation. Finally, products from these two studies
were combined with additional work by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to
develop a more detailed industrial energy efficiency assessment for the California investor-
owned utilities (IOUs). This latest statewide assessment provides industrial energy efficiency
potential estimates by industry type and key end uses. This work serves as the primary input
into the industrial potential assessment conducted for PNM.

A key initial step in the analysis was to develop a baseline understanding of industrial
electricity consumption in the PNM service territory. Sales data from PNM’s industrial
customers were combined with data from the Energy Information Administration’s 1998
Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) to provide usage estimates by industry
type and end use. The 1998 MECS developed end-use consumption estimates at the national


3-10                                                                                                 Data Development
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

level, for the manufacturing sector, broken out by primary industry types. The MECS data
were also translated into end-use share estimates for each industry, and these shares were
applied to the PNM industrial sales data to provide the end-use consumption estimates by
industry.

The industrial motors end use was further broken down by application (pumps, fans,
compressed air, other) using information from the USDOE’s Motors Assessment Study. In
that study, a survey of over 200 industrial facilities was conducted and analyzed to provide
estimates of motor consumption and energy efficiency opportunities by industry and motor
application type.

Finally, using load shape data developed from prior industrial studies conducted by KEMA
and Quantum Consulting, we developed peak-to-energy ratios for each industrial end use that
correspond to PNM’s avoided cost periods.

3.1.4 Baseline Results
Below, we present the key results of our baseline analyses of PNM’s residential, commercial,
and industrial sectors and highlight the key characteristics of PNM’s customer base relevant
to the assessment of electric energy efficiency potential.

Exhibits 3-7 and 3-8 show the distribution of PNM’s total 2005 electricity consumption and
system peak demand by sector. Total electricity consumption in PNM’s residential,
commercial, and industrial sectors was 8,118 GWh in calendar year 2005, and total demand
peaked at 1,428 MW on July 20, 2005 at 4 PM MDT. Among end users, commercial
customers are responsible for the largest share of annual electricity consumption, accounting
for approximately 41 percent of annual electricity sales in PNM’s service territory.
Commercial customers are responsible for an even larger share of peak demand, accounting
for approximately 45 percent of PNM’s system peak load in 2005. Residential customers are
responsible for the next largest shares of annual electricity consumption and peak load,
accounting for approximately 37 percent of both electricity sales and peak demand. Industrial
customers account for an important share of PNM’s annual electricity sales (22 percent) but
their relative contributions to system peak load are smaller (17 percent) due primarily to
higher load factors compared to commercial and residential customers.




Data Development                                                                        3-11
          Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                Exhibit 3-7
       Estimated Breakdown of Total Electricity Sales (excluding losses)
                          by Sector (8,118 GWh)


                        Industrial
                          22%



                                                                 Residential
                                                                   37%




                          Commercial
                            41%




                                Exhibit 3-8
   Estimated Breakdown of Total Summer Peak Demand (excluding losses)
                          by Sector (1,428 MW)

                            Industrial
                              17%




                                                                 Residential
                                                                   37%




                       Commercial
                         46%




3-12                                                                   Data Development
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



Exhibit 3-9 shows the breakdown of residential electricity use by end use. As the Exhibit
shows, miscellaneous end uses, refrigeration, and lighting account for the largest shares of
residential electricity use, followed by air conditioning and major appliances. Exhibit 3-10
shows, however, that nearly half of summer peak demand from households comes from air
conditioning alone, while lighting and refrigeration make up significantly smaller shares of
summer peak demand.

                                   Exhibit 3-9
            Estimated Residential Electricity Sales (excluding losses)
                           by End Use (2,997 GWh)
                                                              Cooling
                                                               11%

                                                                           Furnace Fan
                   Miscellaneous                                               4%
                       28%




                                                                                   Lighting
                                                                                     15%



              Pool Pump
                 1%
              Dishwasher
                  3%

                   Clothes dryer
                        7%
                                                                        Refrigerator
                           Clotheswasher
                                                                           20%
                                1%
                                    Water Heating
                                                    Freezer
                                         7%
                                                      3%




Data Development                                                                              3-13
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                 Exhibit 3-10
        Estimated Residential Summer Peak Demand (excluding losses)
                            by End Use (524 MW)

                              Miscellaneous
                                  18%



                 Pool Pump
                    1%
                Dishwasher
                    2%
                                                                         Cooling
                Clothes dryer
                                                                          47%
                     7%

             Clotheswasher
                  1%
              Water Heating
                  4%
                      Freezer
                        2%


                                 Refrigerator
                                    14%                    Furnace Fan
                                                Lighting       0%
                                                  4%




In the commercial sector, Exhibit 3-11 shows that indoor lighting is the largest energy-
consuming end use, representing 40 percent of annual commercial electricity consumption.
Air conditioning is the second largest end use, representing 18 percent of commercial
electricity consumption. Air conditioning, however, dominates summer peak demand in
commercial buildings, accounting for 40 percent of the sector’s summer peak, followed by
indoor lighting (31 percent) and ventilation (11 percent), as shown in Exhibit 3-12. It should
be noted that while overall commercial refrigeration loads are relatively small, these loads
are significant in the Grocery and Restaurant segments.




3-14                                                                        Data Development
         Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                               Exhibit 3-11
          Estimated Commercial Electricity Sales (excluding losses)
                        by End Use (3,354 GWh)

                              Miscellaneous
                        Vending   13%
                          1%
               Water Heating
                   1%
             Office Equipment
                    5%
                                                                                 Indoor Lighting
                                                                                      40%
              Refrigeration
                   6%




                   Ventilation
                     12%




                                                                   Outdoor Lighting
                                             Cooling                    4%
                                              18%




                              Exhibit 3-12
       Estimated Commercial Summer Peak Demand (excluding losses)
                          by End Use (667 MW)
                                                   Miscellaneous
                                   Vending
                                     1%                 9%
                   Water Heating
                       1%
             Office Equipment
                                                                            Indoor Lighting
                    3%
                                                                                 31%
             Refrigeration
                  4%

                Ventilation
                  11%




                                                                               Outdoor Lighting
                                                                                    0%




                                               Cooling
                                                40%




Data Development                                                                                   3-15
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study




In the industrial sector, almost half of annual electricity consumption results from the use of
motors in the form of process drives, pumps and fans. Interestingly, as Exhibit 3-13 shows
below, lighting and HVAC account for nearly a quarter of industrial electricity consumption.
This result primarily reflects the significance of the electronics industry in PNM’s service
territory and the dominance of building-related, rather than process-related, end uses in that
particular sector. Because the load profiles of process-related end uses tend to be flat
compared to building-related end uses, HVAC accounts for a much higher relative share of
the industrial sector’s summer peak demand (45 percent) as shown in Exhibit 3-14.

                                   Exhibit 3-13
             Estimated Industrial Electricity Sales (excluding losses)
                            by End Use (1,768 GWh)
                                           Other
                                            4%           Proc Heat
                                Lighting                   13%
                                  10%


                                                                     Proc Cool
                                                                        7%

                      HVAC
                       12%




                  Proc Other                                            Pumps
                     5%                                                  17%




                        Proc Drives
                           14%
                                                            Fans
                                                             7%
                                             Comp Air
                                               11%




3-16                                                                             Data Development
             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                    Exhibit 3-14
           Estimated Industrial Summer Peak Demand (excluding losses)
                                by End Use (237 MW)
                                                   Other    Proc Heat
                                        Lighting
                                                    2%         7%
                                          5%                            Proc Cool
                                                                           4%




                                                                                     Pumps
                                                                                      14%




                                                                                       Fans
                                                                                        5%
                         HVAC
                          45%
                                                                                    Comp Air
                                                                                      6%


                                                                        Proc Drives
                                                                            9%
                                                           Proc Other
                                                              3%




3.2 Economic Data (including Avoided Costs)

The key economic inputs utilized in the forecasting process are electricity rates, avoided
costs, discount rates, and inflation rates. To be consistent with the assumptions used in
PNM’s planning models, we used a nominal utility discount rate of 8.67 percent and a
nominal inflation rate of 2 percent per annum. For all sectors, we used a customer discount
rate of 15 percent per annum.

Average retail electricity rates, including taxes, were calculated separately for residential,
commercial, and industrial customers by dividing annual revenue by annual energy
consumption based on PNM billing data. Average PNM retail rates are approximately 9 cents
per kWh for residential customers and 7 cents per kWh for commercial customers.20 For
industrial customers, average rates are 4 cents per kWh during on-peak hours and 8 cents per
kWh during off-peak hours.21



20 Large commercial customers (>50 kW) take service on a time-of-use rate, whereas small commercial
    customers take service on a flat rate. For this analysis, we used a consumption-weighted average between
    the two rates as a proxy for the average retail price faced by commercial customers in PNM’s service
    territory.
21 In its time-of-use tariffs for large customers, PNM defines the on-peak period to be 8 AM to 8 PM, Monday
    through Friday.


Data Development                                                                                        3-17
                                                   Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

Avoided cost forecasts were developed by staff in PNM’s planning group. Avoided cost
forecasts were developed separately for generation energy, generation capacity, and
transmission capacity.22 Avoided generation energy costs were based on a blend of forward
prices for coal and natural gas to account for both fuels being on the margin during the winter
season in PNM. Through the first five years of the forecast period, avoided energy costs were
estimated to be approximately 6 cents per kWh during on-peak periods and 2 cents per kWh
during off-peak periods, after which avoided energy costs are escalated by 2 percent per
annum to account for increases in labor costs over time.23

Avoided generation capacity costs were estimated to be $114.88/kW-year based on the cost
of a gas-fired combustion turbine in the base year. Going forward, this value was escalated at
2 percent per annum through the end of the forecast period to account for inflation. Avoided
transmission capacity costs were estimated based on the avoided use of load-side generation
to meet system peak through the year 2012, after which avoided transmission costs were
estimated to be $20.28/kW-year based on the 33-year levelized costs of a new transmission
line. Exhibit 3-15 below shows the estimated costs over the course of the analysis.

                                                                                               Exhibit 3-15
                                                                                       Avoided Costs Used in Study

                                    $0.12                                                                                               $250




                                    $0.10
                                                                                                                                        $200
                                                                                                                                               avoided capacity costs ($/kW-yr)




                                                                                                                                                                                  Avoided Energy Costs
     avoided energy costs ($/kWh)




                                    $0.08
                                                                                                                                                                                  Summer, on-peak
                                                                                                                                        $150
                                                                                                                                                                                  Summer, off-peak

                                                                                                                                                                                  Winter, on-peak
                                    $0.06
                                                                                                                                                                                  Winter, off-peak

                                                                                                                                        $100                                      Avoided Capacity Costs

                                    $0.04                                                                                                                                         Generation

                                                                                                                                                                                  Transmission

                                                                                                                                        $50
                                    $0.02




                                    $-                                                                                                  $0
                                         06

                                               08

                                                     10

                                                           12

                                                                 14

                                                                       16

                                                                             18

                                                                                   20

                                                                                         22

                                                                                               24

                                                                                                     26

                                                                                                           28

                                                                                                                 30

                                                                                                                       32

                                                                                                                             34

                                                                                                                                   36
                                      20

                                              20

                                                    20

                                                          20

                                                                20

                                                                      20

                                                                            20

                                                                                  20

                                                                                        20

                                                                                              20

                                                                                                    20

                                                                                                          20

                                                                                                                20

                                                                                                                      20

                                                                                                                            20

                                                                                                                                  20




22 Avoided costs of distribution were examined but PNM was not able to determine a credible avoided cost
    estimate. This is due primarily to the nature of the distribution system in that it is driven by standards and
    very localized load calculations.
23 For the calculation of avoided costs, PNM defines the on-peak period as Monday through Saturday, 8 AM to
    11 PM, excluding holidays. The off-peak period is defined as all other hours. The summer season is defined
    as June 1st through August 31st, and winter season is defined as all other months.


3-18                                                                                                                                                                                    Data Development
              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



3.3 Efficiency Measure Data

Having established the baseline data for PNM’s residential, commercial, and industrial
customers, the final key inputs required for potential modeling are the data that describe the
costs, energy savings, and current saturation of the efficiency measures being considered.

For this study, we developed an initial list of efficiency measures for inclusion in the forecast
based on past potential studies for other utilities in the U.S. We then shared this list with
members of the energy efficiency advisory group during the early stages of the project.
Based on feedback received from PNM and the advisory group, we produced a revised
measure list. The final list of efficiency measures considered in the study is shown in
Appendix A along with brief descriptions of how each measure produces energy savings.

For each of the efficiency measures on the final measure list, we then compiled
corresponding measure cost data from two main secondary sources. Primarily, we drew from
the Database for Energy Efficient Resources (DEER) developed jointly by the California
Public Utilities Commission and the California Energy Commission. The DEER database
contains average cost and energy savings data for over 250 energy efficiency measures
currently available in the market. For three particular measures (evaporative coolers, low-e2
windows, and solar water heaters), we leveraged cost data recently collected by Itron and
KEMA in Xcel Energy’s service territory in Colorado.24 The full set of measure cost data
used in this study is shown in Appendix B on the Measure Costs pages. Note that in our
analysis of measures that provide both heating and cooling energy savings (i.e., insulation),
we prorate the full measure cost based on the share of heating versus cooling benefits,
expressed in avoided cost terms. This approach helps avoid underestimating the cost-
effectiveness of measures, from the electric-only perspective, that provide both significant
heating benefits (which are mostly gas savings in PNM) and cooling benefits (which are
entirely electric savings). The factors used to prorate insulation measure costs in this study
are shown in Appendix B on the Measure Costs pages in parentheses next to the measure
names.

For efficiency measures affecting weather-sensitive end uses (i.e., heating and cooling), we
estimated savings rates for efficiency measures using SitePro building simulations and
weather data for the three dominant climate zones in PNM’s service territory. For measures
affecting non-weather sensitive end uses, we drew primarily from the DEER measure savings
data, with the exception of measures involving ENERGY STAR products, in which case we
used savings estimates based on EPA’s energy savings calculators.25 The measure savings
rates used in this study are shown in Appendix B on the Energy Savings pages.




24 In this case, we chose to use cost data recently collected in Colorado rather than the DEER cost data because
    the market for these particular measures is more active in regions outside of California.
25 Available at http://www.energystar.gov.



Data Development                                                                                           3-19
                                  Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

Finally, we compiled estimates of the current saturation of efficiency measures in PNM’s
customer base from both primary and secondary sources.26 For most measures in the
residential sector, we drew directly from the results of PNM’s mail survey of residential
customers to estimate current measure saturations. These values are summarized in Exhibit
3-16 below. For other measures, we leveraged recent market tracking studies as well as
measure saturation estimates based on extensive commercial on-site surveys recently
conducted in Xcel Energy’s Colorado service territory.

                                 Exhibit 3-16
Self-reported Saturations of Residential Efficiency Measures by Building Type

                                       8+ CFLs installed
                                      5-7 CFLs installed                                                Multi-family dwellings
                                      3-4 CFLs installed
                                                                                                        Single-family dwellings
                                      1-2 CFLs installed
                                1 or more CFLs installed
                                           faucet aerator
         efficiency measures




                                    low-flow showerhead
                                                 solar PV
                                    energy star windows
                                   double-pane windows
                                              sunscreens
                                               attic vents
                               weather stripping/caulking
                                          pipe insulation
                                           wall insulation
                                   attic/ceiling insulation
                                          floor insulation

                                                              0%   10%   20%   30%     40%   50%    60%       70%   80%   90% 100%
                                                                                     share of dwellings (%)




3.4 New Construction

The data sets described above were developed primarily to reflect various characteristics
related to the way that electricity is consumed in PNM’s existing building stock. Going
forward, however, we must also take into account new buildings in PNM’s service territory
and likely differences in new building characteristics that may significantly affect electricity
consumption. Differences in equipment ownership, applicability of certain efficiency
measures, and even the nature of efficiency opportunities between existing and new
construction can significantly influence forecasts of savings potential over time.


26   We transform measure saturations into “not complete factors” for use in the forecasting model. These factors
     are calculated simply as one minus the measure saturation (in percentage terms).


3-20                                                                                                                Data Development
                                  Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

To account for these differences, we modeled new construction in the residential and
commercial sector as separate segments from existing residential and commercial
buildings.27 For the residential new construction analysis, we compiled separate estimates of
baseline equipment ownership in “new” buildings (i.e., those built since 2000) based on data
from PNM’s residential mail survey. Based on these data, the key differences in equipment
ownership between new and existing homes in PNM are shown below in Exhibit 3-17.

                                 Exhibit 3-17
     Equipment Holdings and Efficiency Measure Saturations in New versus
                         Existing Residential Homes

                                         dishwasher


                              electric range w/oven
      cooling & appliances




                                                                                                           Existing homes
                                  electric water heat
                                                                                                           New homes
                                          heat pump


                             central refrigerative a/c


                                    central evap a/c

                                    1 or more CFLs
      efficiency measures




                                        installed

                                      wall insulation


                              attic/ceiling insulation


                                      floor insulation

                                                         0%   10%   20%   30%    40%    50%     60%      70%   80%     90%   100%
                                                                                share of dwellings (%)




In the residential new construction analysis, we also sought to take into account differences
in the applicability of efficiency measures, specifically in terms of New Mexico’s building
energy code and aspects of the code that obviate certain efficiency measures that are
otherwise applicable to existing residential homes. In July 2004, New Mexico adopted the
2003 International Energy Conservation Code (IIEC) as the mandatory energy code for new
residential buildings. Of particular relevance to this study, the 2003 IIEC requires significant
levels of ceiling, wall, and floor insulation in all new residential homes.28 While insulation
retrofits to homes without insulation are considered in our forecasts for existing homes, we

27 New construction in the industrial sector is insignificant compared to that in the residential and commercial
    sector. Thus, we did not model new construction in the industrial separately.
28 The specific minimum insulation requirements relevant to the efficiency measures considered in this study
    are R-38 ceiling insulation, R-13 wall insulation, and R-19 floor insulation.


Data Development                                                                                                                3-21
              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

excluded insulation measures from our forecasts for residential new construction in order to
take this aspect of New Mexico’s building codes into account.

In the commercial new construction analysis, we sought to take into account differences in
the nature of efficiency opportunities between existing and new commercial buildings. In
existing commercial buildings, efficiency opportunities mostly take the form of retrofitting or
replacing individual end-use technologies (e.g., high efficiency packaged DX units) or
individual components of end-use systems (e.g., variable-speed drives and pumps). In
contrast, the most significant efficiency opportunities in new commercial buildings often
involve integrating and optimizing multiple end-uses during the design and commissioning
phase (e.g., integrated cooling and ventilation strategies). These approaches effectively
bundle multiple measures. To take this practice into account, we modeled two different
design “packages” each for lighting systems, cooling & ventilation systems, and refrigeration
systems, respectively, in our commercial new construction forecasts.

Modeling the new construction segments separately also allowed us to explicitly account for
an important aspect of energy use in PNM’s service territory going forward: the increasing
penetration of refrigerative AC in residential new construction. According to recent PNM
research, while only 20 percent of all homes in PNM have refrigerative AC systems, over
half of new homes are being built with refrigerative AC. Moreover, PNM anticipates that the
penetration of refrigerative AC in new homes will increase over the next 15 years. To
account for this increasing baseline for AC saturation and energy use over the forecast
period, we modeled residential new construction with refrigerative AC separately and
assumed growth rates for this building stock such that the projected population of
refrigerative AC units among new homes is consistent with PNM’s projections.

3.5 Low-Income Households in the PNM Service Territory

An important aspect of PNM’s customer base that is not explicitly shown in the previous
figures is the significant share of low-income households.29 Based on demographic data from
the 2000 Census and the New Mexico Mortgage Finance Authority, PNM estimates that 22
percent of PNM’s residential customers are low-income households.30 In energy efficiency
analysis, the low-income segment is of interest primarily because the barriers to energy
efficiency are typically more significant for low-income households compared to higher-
income households, particularly barriers related to initial costs, limited or no access to
financing, and information costs. At the same time, the economic benefits of energy
efficiency measures are often more important in low-income households since energy
expenditures in low-income households account for a much larger share of total expenditures
compared to those in higher-income households.



29 For purposes of this discussion, we define low-income households as those whose household income is less
    than 150 percent of the federal poverty level. This definition of low-income is consistent with the eligibility
    criteria used in the USDOE’s Weatherization Assistance Program and is equivalent to a household income
    of approximately $21,500 per year.
30 Estimating the Number of Low Income Households in PNM’s Gas Service Territory, prepared by PNM.



3-22                                                                                        Data Development
                               Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

For this study, we could not explicitly treat low-income households as a separate segment
within our bottom-up modeling framework due to the lack of reliable end-use energy
consumption data for that segment. However, self-reported data from PNM’s residential mail
survey provide some indications of the nature of energy efficiency opportunities in PNM’s
low-income segment. Overall, the average annual electricity consumption of customers who
identified themselves as low-income households in PNM’s mail survey is 25 percent lower
than the average annual electricity consumption across all residential survey respondents
(5800 kWh/dwelling compared to 7800 kWh/dwelling). As noted below, this difference is at
least partially attributable to lower appliance saturation levels. It may also reflect lower
usage and energy service levels as well.

At the end-use level, low-income households exhibit essentially identical fuel choices as
higher-income households, with gas providing close to 90 percent of space heating service
and nearly 75 percent of water heating. However, the survey results indicate some significant
differences in the structure of electricity demand, related mainly to cooling and appliances.
As Exhibit 3-18 shows, the self-reported ownership of both central refrigerative AC and
evaporative AC systems is slightly lower in low-income homes compared to the average
PNM household. Similarly, the ownership of clothes washers and clothes dryers is also
slightly lower among low-income households compared to the PNM average. For certain
types of appliances, low-income households report a dramatically lower rate of ownership
compared to the PNM average, notably dishwashers and second/third refrigerators.

                                Exhibit 3-18
    Equipment Holdings and Efficiency Measure Saturations in Low-Income
                   Households versus the PNM Average

                                           no cooling
     cooling




                                                                                                      Low-income household
                              central refrigerative a/c
                                                                                                      PNM average
                                     central evap a/c
                                        clothes dryer
                                      clothes washer
     appliances




                                          dishwasher
                                       3 refrigerators
                                       2 refrigerators
                                        1 refrigerator
                            1 or more CFLs installed
     efficiency measures




                               double-pane windows
                                           attic vents
                           weather stripping/caulking
                                       pipe insulation
                                       wall insulation
                               attic/ceiling insulation

                                                          0%   10%   20%   30%     40%   50%    60%       70%   80%   90%   100%
                                                                                 share of dwellings (%)




Data Development                                                                                                               3-23
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study




Exhibit 3-18 also shows that the current saturation of efficiency measures is significantly
lower in low-income households compared to average households in PNM. This result is
consistent with the notion that low-income households face more significant barriers to
energy efficiency than higher-income households. This result also implies that energy
efficiency opportunities would be relatively greater in low-income households, all else equal.
While this is likely to be true for certain measures (notably insulation and window measures),
the lower level of equipment ownership tends to mitigate the total number and magnitude of
efficiency opportunities over the short-term. Over the longer-term, growth in household
income is likely to increase the demand for energy services in low-income households and
therefore increase the number of efficiency opportunities going forward. However, such
changes occur at a very slow rate in aggregate and are likely to be insignificant over the 10-
year forecast period considered here.

Based on the data described above, we estimate that technical and economic potential in the
low-income segment, while significant, is likely to be smaller on a per-household basis than
that in the residential segment as a whole. Due to higher investment barriers, low-income
customers tend to be under-represented in traditional utility incentive programs that offer
rebates for a portion of energy efficiency incremental measure costs. As a result, many
jurisdictions develop specialized programs that target low-income needs and barriers. These
programs are often costlier per unit of energy saved than other efficiency programs but also
often consider a broader sphere of rationales and benefits than do resource acquisition
programs.




3-24                                                                       Data Development
4
Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential Results


In this section we present summary results of the electric energy efficiency potential analysis
for the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors in PNM’s service territory. First, we
briefly discuss the relationship between technical, economic, and achievable potential and
describe the program scenarios developed for the achievable potential forecasts. Next, we
present achievable potential forecasts for each program scenario considered. These forecast
results are also presented in the form of energy efficiency supply curves, an alternative
method of presenting achievable efficiency potential. Finally, we summarize the forecasted
costs and benefits under each program scenario from both the utility and customer
perspectives.

4.1 Overall Technical, Economic, and Achievable Potential

As discussed earlier in Chapter 2, technical potential represents the sum of all savings
achieved if all measures analyzed in this study were implemented in applications where they
are deemed applicable and physically feasible with no regard to their cost-effectiveness.
Economic potential is based on efficiency measures that are cost-effective based on the total
resource cost (TRC) test, a benefit-cost test used to compare the value of avoided energy
production and power plant construction to the costs of energy-efficiency measures and the
programmatic activities necessary to deliver them. The value of both energy savings and
peak demand reductions are incorporated into the TRC test (see Chapter 2 for a complete
definition).

Achievable potential refers to the amount of savings that would occur in response to one or
more specific program interventions. Net savings associated with program potential are
savings that are projected beyond those that would occur naturally in the absence of any
market intervention. Because achievable potential will vary significantly as a function of the
specific type and degree of intervention applied, we developed estimates for multiple
scenarios. Peak demand and energy savings forecasts were developed for three possible
program-funding scenarios. These scenarios were designed to address market changes due to
increasing incentive levels (as a percent of incremental measure cost) and marketing levels.
We forecasted program-induced energy and peak demand savings under each program
scenario for a 10-year period from 2007 through 2016. The scenarios include:

       A Base Scenario with rebates covering roughly 33 percent, on average, of
       incremental measure costs and base marketing levels over the forecasting period.
       For the residential existing and commercial existing market segments, incentives
       start at 26 percent in the first year and ramp up to over 40 percent by the end of the


Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                    4-1
               Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

          forecast period. Incentive levels in all other market segments are constant
          throughout the forecast.
          An Advanced Scenario with rebates covering roughly 50 percent, on average, of
          incremental measure costs and slightly higher marketing expenditures over the
          forecasting period. For the residential existing and commercial existing market
          segments, incentives start at 26 percent in the first year and ramp up to over 80
          percent by the end of the forecast period. Incentive levels in the industrial segment
          start at 33 percent and ramp up to 66 percent. Incentive levels in all other market
          segments are constant.
          A Maximum Achievable Scenario with rebates covering roughly 66 percent, on
          average, of incremental measure costs and marketing expenditures sufficient to
          create maximum market awareness over the forecasting period. Incentives ramp up
          over time to 100 percent by the end of the foreast period. Maximum achievable
          efficiency potential is the amount of economic potential that could be achieved
          over time under the most aggressive program scenario possible. Note, however,
          that there is very little real-world experience with sustained maximum achievable
          scenario funding levels. The models used in this study are based on historic
          experience in the energy efficiency industry with scenarios that are generally
          similar to the Base scenario. In addition, there are more cost-effective pathways
          to maximum achievable potential than using strictly voluntary incentive
          programs. Codes and standards, along with market transformation efforts,
          should be important contributors to any policy to achieve maximum energy
          efficiency levels.31

In Exhibits 4-1 and 4-2, we present our overall estimates of total technical, economic and
achievable potentials for peak demand and electrical energy savings in the residential,
commercial and industrial sectors in PNM’s service territory. Note that in Exhibits 4-1 and 4-
2, as one moves from technical potential to economic potential, there is a significant drop in
both energy and peak demand savings by simply adding the requirement that savings must be
cost-effective. There are even more significant reductions in savings potential that occur with
the introduction of customer adoption behavior, based both on the level of awareness and
knowledge obtained from market forces and program information efforts and on economic
considerations driven by the interaction of implicit customer discount rates and the level of
incentive offered by programs. Note in these figures that the technical and economic
potential are not affected by program adoption strategies and thus include naturally-occurring
savings, whereas achievable potential results are a function of program effects and are thus
are shown exclusive of naturally occurring savings, i.e. net achievable potentials are shown.

31   Note that experience with efficiency programs shows that maximum achievable potential for voluntary
     programs will always be less than economic potential for two key reasons. First, even if 100 percent of the
     extra costs to customers of purchasing an energy-efficient product are paid for through program financial
     incentives such as rebates, not all customers will agree to install the efficient product. Second, delivering
     programs to customers requires additional expenditures for administration and marketing beyond the costs
     of the measures themselves. These added program costs reduce the amount of potential that it is economic to
     acquire. Policy makers should consider a combination of standards that follow behind strong voluntary
     programs as a more optimal efficiency acquisition strategy than trying to achieve maximum potential
     through voluntary programs only.


4-2                                                         Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                                        Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                Exhibit 4-1
 Overall Technical, Economic and Net Achievable Energy Savings Potential in
                                PNM (2016)

                                        2,500



                                        2,000
        Potential GWh Savings by 2016




                                        1,500



                                        1,000



                                            500



                                            -
                                                   Technical    Economic       Max       Advanced   Base Program
                                                                            Achievable   Program




                                Exhibit 4-2
   Overall Technical, Economic and Net Achievable Peak Demand Savings
                          Potential in PNM (2016)

                                        450

                                        400
        Potential MW Savings by 2016




                                        350

                                        300

                                        250

                                        200

                                        150

                                        100

                                            50

                                        -
                                                  Technical    Economic       Max        Advanced   Base Program
                                                                           Achievable    Program




Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                           4-3
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



4.1.1 Technical and Economic Potential Overall and by Sector

If all measures analyzed in this study were implemented where technically feasible, we
estimate that overall technical energy savings potential would be approximately 2,149 GWh
in 2016, equivalent to about 19 percent of projected total electricity consumption in PNM’s
residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. Similarly, we estimate that overall technical
peak demand savings potential would be roughly 395 MW or about 20 percent of forecasted
total peak demand in 2016. If all measures that pass the TRC test were implemented, we
estimate that overall economic energy savings potential would be 1,634 GWh and economic
peak demand savings would be 287 MW, equivalent to 14 percent of projected total
electricity consumption and 14 percent of projected peak demand, respectively, in 2016.
Exhibit 4-3 shows our estimates of technical and economic potential by sector and vintage
(existing stock versus new construction) in 2016. As the exhibit shows, the largest share of
both technical and economic savings potential is in existing commercial buildings.

                                  Exhibit 4-3
                Technical and Economic Potential by Sector (2016)

                                            GWh                      MW
                                    Technical Economic     Technical   Economic
           Residential - Existing        604        359         110          64
           Residential - New             225        121           66         35
           Commercial - Existing         917        770         157         128
           Commercial - New              103        102           31         31
           Industrial                    300        282           32         29
           Total                       2,149      1,634         395         287



4.1.2 Technical, Economic, and Achievable Potential by Sector

In Exhibits 4-4 and 4-5, we show our estimates of technical and economic potential by sector
summed across vintages in the year 2016. For comparison, Exhibits 4-6 and 4-7 show our
estimates of achievable potential savings by sector in 2016 for each of the three program-
funding scenarios. These exhibits show that while the technical savings potentials for the
residential and commercial sectors are roughly similar in magnitude, the achievable savings
potential in the commercial potential is more than double that in the residential sector and
more than four times that in the industrial sector.




4-4                                              Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                                                          Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                                  Exhibit 4-4                                                                                                Exhibit 4-5
                                    Technical and Economic Potential (2016)                                                                    Technical and Economic Potential (2016)
                                        Energy Savings—GWh per Year                                                                                 Peak Demand Savings—MW
                                    1,200                                                                                                      200
                                                                          Technical       Economic                                                                                 Technical    Economic
    Potential GWh Savings by 2016




                                                                                                                                               180




                                                                                                               Potential MW Savings by 2016
                                    1,000
                                                                                                                                               160
                                                                                                                                               140
                                      800
                                                                                                                                               120
                                      600                                                                                                      100
                                                                                                                                                   80
                                      400
                                                                                                                                                   60
                                                                                                                                                   40
                                      200
                                                                                                                                                   20
                                      -                                                                                                        -
                                                  Residential     Commercial          Industrial                                                         Residential     Commercial         Industrial



                                                         Exhibit 4-6                                                                                              Exhibit 4-7
                                               Net Achievable Potential (2016)                                                                          Net Achievable Potential (2016)
                                               Energy Savings—GWh per Year                                                                               Peak Demand Savings—MW
                                    600                                                                                                       100
                                                  Base Program   Advanced Program     Max Achievable                                                      Base Program   Advanced Program   Max Achievable
                                                                                                                                               90
Net GWh/Year Savings 2016




                                    500
                                                                                                                                               80
                                                                                                       Net MW Savings 2016




                                    400                                                                                                        70
                                                                                                                                               60
                                    300                                                                                                        50
                                                                                                                                               40
                                    200
                                                                                                                                               30

                                    100                                                                                                        20
                                                                                                                                               10
                                      0                                                                                                         0
                                                Residential      Commercial           Industrial                                                        Residential      Commercial         Industrial




                                          4.1.3 Achievable Potential over Time

                                          Technical and economic potential are theoretical estimates of savings assuming that they
                                          could be captured instantaneously. In contrast, achievable potential captures dynamic factors
                                          such as capital stock turnover and changes in customer adoption in response to program
                                          marketing efforts and incentive levels as they evolve over time, along with natural market
                                          forces. Exhibits 4-8 and 4-9 show cumulative program potential over the 10-year analysis
                                          along with estimates of naturally-occurring savings potential. Exhibits 4-10 and 4-11 show
                                          how the program scenarios would impact the forecast of PNM retail energy and capacity
                                          requirements.32

                                          32   The PNM and TNMP-New Mexico forecast of retail energy and capacity are from PNM’s 2006 Annual
                                                Operating Plan. These forecasts include losses, but exclude wholesale sales and wheeling loads.


                                          Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                                                              4-5
                                    Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



                                                 Exhibit 4-8
                        Achievable and Naturally Occurring Energy Savings over Time

                              1,400
                                              Max. Achievable
                              1,200
                                              Advanced
                                              Base
       GWh Saved per Year




                              1,000
                                              Nat. Occurring
                                    800

                                    600

                                    400

                                    200

                                      0
                                      2007    2008   2009      2010   2011 2012   2013   2014   2015   2016
                                                                         Year



                                  Exhibit 4-9
      Achievable and Naturally Occurring Peak Demand Savings over Time


                                    250
                                             Max. Achievable
                                             Advanced
                                    200
                                             Base
                MW Saved per Year




                                             Nat. Occurring
                                    150



                                    100



                                     50



                                      0
                                      2007   2008    2009      2010   2011 2012   2013   2014   2015   2016
                                                                         Year




4-6                                                                       Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                                    Exhibit 4-10
                              Net Impacts on PNM Retail Energy Requirements over Time*

                         13,000

                                              Without Program
                         12,000               With Base Program
                                              With Advanced Program
                         11,000               With Max. Achievable Program
       GWh Generation




                         10,000


                              9,000


                              8,000


                              7,000
                                      2007      2008   2009      2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016
                                                                            Year

        * The forecast in this graph includes PNM and TNMP-New Mexico total retail loads and associated
                               losses. It excludes wholesale sales and wheeling loads.

                                Exhibit 4-11
      Net Impacts on PNM Retail Peak Capacity Requirements over Time*

                              2,200

                              2,100          Without Program

                              2,000          With Base Program
                                             With Advanced Program
                              1,900
                                             With Max. Achievable Program
                MW Capacity




                              1,800

                              1,700

                              1,600

                              1,500

                              1,400

                              1,300

                              1,200
                                      2007     2008    2009     2010    2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016
                                                                            Year

        * The forecast in this graph includes PNM and TNMP-New Mexico total retail loads and associated
                               losses. It excludes wholesale sales and wheeling loads.




Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                          4-7
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



4.1.4 Achievable Potential by End Use
The next series of graphs, Exhibits 4-12 through 4-21, show the achievable energy and peak
demand savings potentials for the residential, commercial and industrial sectors segmented
by end use and vintage. The graphs in this section show naturally occurring savings as the
bottom layer and then incremental savings potential from each program-funding scenario.
The total height of each bar thus represents maximum achievable savings potential by end
use and vintage.

Some highlights are as follows:

       The bulk of achievable energy savings potential in existing residential homes is
       found in lighting (CFLs).
       The bulk of achievable peak demand savings potential in existing residential
       homes is concentrated in cooling. Importantly, the achievable potential for cooling
       increases significantly with the increased incentives.
       As with existing residential homes, achievable energy savings potentials in
       residential new construction are largely concentrated in lighting. However, a very
       aggressive cooling technology program also provides significant energy savings
       potential. Achievable peak demand savings in residential new construction are
       primarily found in cooling.
       In existing commercial buildings, the vast majority of achievable energy and
       demand savings are found in lighting. A large portion of this potential is
       achievable through the implementation of base-level program funding. It is
       important to note, however, that some of the lighting savings will be captured by
       future federal standards that will require electronic ballasts for retrofit in 2010. A
       smaller but significant amount of energy and demand savings in existing
       commercial buildings can be found in cooling.
       In commercial new construction, significant achievable energy and peak demand
       savings are found in both cooling and lighting. These potential savings are
       achieved through better system design and system integration rather than simply
       increasing the rated efficiency of stand-alone technologies.
       Due to long hours of operation and high usage, there are many cost-effective
       savings opportunities in the industrial sector. Industrial energy and peak demand
       savings are achieved primarily by improving the efficiency of pumping systems,
       compressed air systems, fans, cooling, and lighting (Exhibits 4-20 and 4-21).




4-8                                               Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                                           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                              Exhibit 4-12
 Achievable Energy Savings Potential in Existing Residential Homes by End
                               Use (2016)

                                           160
                                                                                                                                                                            Max. Achievable
                                           140
           Potential GWh Savings by 2016



                                                                                                                                                                            Advanced
                                           120                                                                                                                              Base

                                           100                                                                                                                              Nat. Occurring

                                                   80

                                                   60

                                                   40

                                                   20

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                             Exhibit 4-13
Achievable Peak Demand Savings Potential in Existing Residential Homes by
                            End Use (2016)

                                               20
                                               18                                                                                                                           Max. Achievable
       Potential MW Savings by 2016




                                                                                                                                                                            Advanced
                                               16
                                                                                                                                                                            Base
                                               14
                                                                                                                                                                            Nat. Occurring
                                               12
                                               10
                                                   8
                                                   6
                                                   4
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Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                                                                                                             4-9
                                                              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                              Exhibit 4-14
Achievable Energy Savings Potential in Residential New Construction by End
                               Use (2016)

                                                                   60
                                                                                                                                                                                              Max. Achievable
                              Potential GWh Savings by 2016


                                                                   50                                                                                                                         Advanced
                                                                                                                                                                                              Base
                                                                   40
                                                                                                                                                                                              Nat. Occurring

                                                                   30


                                                                   20


                                                                   10


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                             Exhibit 4-15
 Achievable Peak Demand Savings Potential in Residential New Construction
                          by End Use (2016)

                                                              30.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                Max. Achievable
       Potential MW Savings by 2016




                                                              25.0                                                                                                                              Advanced
                                                                                                                                                                                                Base
                                                              20.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                Nat. Occurring

                                                              15.0


                                                              10.0


                                                               5.0


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4-10                                                                                                                                        Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                                        Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                               Exhibit 4-16
Achievable Energy Savings Potential in Existing Commercial Buildings by End
                               Use (2016)

                                        600
                                                                                                                                                             Max. Achievable
        Potential GWh Savings by 2016


                                        500                                                                                                                  Advanced
                                                                                                                                                             Base
                                        400                                                                                                                  Nat. Occurring

                                        300


                                        200


                                        100


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                             Exhibit 4-17
Achievable Peak Demand Savings Potential in Existing Commercial Buildings
                          by End Use (2016)
                                            90

                                            80                                                                                                             Max. Achievable
        Potential MW Savings by 2016




                                                                                                                                                           Advanced
                                            70
                                                                                                                                                           Base
                                            60                                                                                                             Nat. Occurring
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Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                                                                                        4-11
                                                       Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                              Exhibit 4-18
Achievable Energy Savings Potential in Commercial New Construction by End
                               Use (2016)

                                                               50
                                                                                                               Max. Achievable
                                                               45
                                                                                                               Advanced
                       Potential GWh Savings by 2016



                                                               40                                              Base
                                                               35                                              Nat. Occurring

                                                               30

                                                               25

                                                               20

                                                               15

                                                               10

                                                                5

                                                           -
                                                                    Indoor Lighting   Cooling & Ventilation   Refrigeration
                                                                                            End Use




                             Exhibit 4-19
Achievable Peak Demand Savings Potential in Commercial New Construction
                          by End Use (2016)

                                                           20

                                                           18
                                                                                                               Max. Achievable
                                                           16
       Potential MW Savings by 2016




                                                                                                               Advanced

                                                           14                                                  Base
                                                                                                               Nat. Occurring
                                                           12

                                                           10

                                                               8

                                                               6

                                                               4

                                                               2

                                                       -
                                                                    Indoor Lighting   Cooling & Ventilation    Refrigeration
                                                                                            End Use




4-12                                                                                          Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                                                                 Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                             Exhibit 4-20
                    Achievable Energy Savings Potential in Industry by End Use (2016)

                                                             100
                                                                     90                                        Max. Achievable
                            Potential GWh Savings by 2016

                                                                                                               Advanced
                                                                     80
                                                                                                               Base
                                                                     70
                                                                                                               Nat. Occurring
                                                                     60
                                                                     50
                                                                     40
                                                                     30
                                                                     20
                                                                     10
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                             Exhibit 4-21
  Achievable Peak Demand Savings Potential in Industry by End Use (2016)

                                                            18.0

                                                            16.0                                               Max. Achievable
     Potential MW Savings by 2016




                                                                                                               Advanced
                                                            14.0
                                                                                                               Base
                                                            12.0                                               Nat. Occurring
                                                            10.0

                                                             8.0

                                                             6.0

                                                             4.0

                                                             2.0

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Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                                                                                     4-13
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


4.1.5 Achievable Potential by Business Type, Building Type, and Climate Zone
The next series of graphs, Exhibit 4-22 through 4-25 show the achievable energy and peak
demand savings potential by building type and climate zone for the residential sector and by
business type for the commercial sector in the year 2016. Note that these figures include the
savings potentials from both existing buildings and new construction. As with the preceding
graphs, the graphs in this section show naturally occurring savings as the bottom layer and
incremental savings potential from each program-funding scenario. The total height of each
bar thus represents maximum achievable savings potential by business type or building type
and climate zone.

Some highlights are as follows:

       Residential energy and peak demand savings potentials are greatest in single-
       family homes in the Central climate zone. These results primarily reflect the
       concentration of PNM’s residential customer base in the greater Albuquerque area
       and the prevalence of single-family homes in the New Mexico housing stock.
       However, these results also reflect larger levels of efficiency potential per
       household in single-family homes compared to multi-family homes due to
       significant differences in end-use energy consumption correlated to home size (e.g.
       cooling and lighting).
       In the commercial sector, cost-effective savings opportunities are largely
       concentrated in the Office segment, which accounts for approximately half of the
       overall achievable energy and peak demand savings potential in commercial
       buildings. Note that a large portion of the savings potential in the Office segment
       is achievable through the implementation of base-level program funding, mostly
       associated with lighting measures. It should be reiterated, however, that some of
       these lighting savings will be captured by future federal standards that will require
       electronic ballasts for retrofit in 2010.
       Significant cost-effective energy and peak savings opportunities also exist in the
       Retail, Grocery, Hospital, and Miscellaneous Commercial segments. Although
       these segments account for only a third of overall achievable potential in the base-
       level funding scenario, they account for nearly half of the incremental savings
       achievable in the advanced-funding scenario.




4-14                                             Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                                          Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                               Exhibit 4-22
 Achievable Energy Savings Potential in Residential Homes by Building Type
                         and Climate Zone (2016)

                                          250
                                                                                                                   Max
                                                                                                                   Advanced
        Potential GWh Savings by 2016



                                          200
                                                                                                                   Base
                                                                                                                   Nat. Occurring
                                          150



                                          100



                                               50



                                           -
                                                    North, SFD   North, MFD   Central, SFD   Central, MFD   South, SFD    South, MFD
                                                                                   Building Type



                             Exhibit 4-23
Achievable Peak Demand Savings Potential in Residential Homes by Building
                     Type and Climate Zone (2016)

                                              45
                                                                                                                   Max
                                              40
                                                                                                                   Advanced
           Potential MW Savings by 2016




                                              35                                                                   Base
                                                                                                                   Nat. Occurring
                                              30

                                              25

                                              20

                                              15

                                              10

                                               5

                                          -
                                                    North, SFD   North, MFD   Central, SFD   Central, MFD   South, SFD    South, MFD
                                                                                   Building Type




Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                                               4-15
                                          Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                              Exhibit 4-24
 Achievable Energy Savings Potential in Commercial Buildings by Business
                              Type (2016)

                                          350

                                                                                                                                              Max
                                          300
       Potential GWh Savings by 2016



                                                                                                                                              Advanced
                                          250                                                                                                 Base
                                                                                                                                              Nat. Occurring
                                          200

                                          150

                                          100

                                              50

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                             Exhibit 4-25
   Achievable Peak Demand Savings Potential in Commercial Buildings by
                         Business Type (2016)

                                              70

                                                                                                                                          Max
                                              60
           Potential MW Savings by 2016




                                                                                                                                          Advanced
                                              50                                                                                          Base
                                                                                                                                          Nat. Occurring
                                              40

                                              30

                                              20

                                              10

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4-16                                                                                                    Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
               Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



4.1.6 Achievable Potential by Measure
Exhibits 4-26 through 4-29 show the achievable energy and peak demand savings potential
for individual measures in the residential and commercial existing construction sectors.
Below, we discuss some of the key results and the issues associated with understanding the
results for measures with the largest estimated savings potential.

Residential Efficiency Measures
As Exhibit 4-26 shows, compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) dominate residential energy
savings potential. CFL costs have decreased dramatically over the past several years while
product availability and feasibility to replace incandescent lighting have increased. Although
there is significant economic and achievable potential associated with CFLs, the market
penetration already occurring without PNM programs may be significant, as indicated by the
latest PNM residential survey results (an average of 1.4 bulbs per home). It is very difficult to
predict how much CFL saturation will increase without program intervention in the future.
Despite their strong cost-effectiveness, it remains to be seen whether consumer satisfaction
with product quality and performance will be high enough to result in CFLs replacing
incandescents as their primary bulb of choice. In our forecasts the number of CFLs per home
is projected to increase from 1.4 per home today to roughly 5 bulbs per home in our naturally
occurring scenario (i.e., an increase of 3.5 bulbs per home from current saturation levels) and
10.5 bulbs per home in our advanced-funding scenario (i.e., an increase of 9 bulbs from
current levels). Our forecasted in increase in CFLs per home under the naturally-occurring
scenario is consistent with both recent trends in the PNM territory (as reflected the 2006
PNM RASS) and national sales tracking data on CFL sales.33

In the results shown in Exhibit 4-26, and throughout this report, we used an average cost per
bulb for CFLs of $5. CFL bulb prices vary widely as a function of bulb type, brand, and
retail outlet. In addition, there is strong evidence that CFL prices have been decreasing
significantly in recent years. To estimate the possible effects of lower CFL prices on our
estimates of achievable potential, we re-ran our forecasts using an average price of $3 per
CFL. In Exhibit 4-27 we present a comparison of the forecast results under both pricing
scenarios. As shown in the exhibit, decreasing the costs of CFLs by 40 percent significantly
increases the naturally occurring penetration. Decreasing the cost does not affect the total
maximum achievable penetration because the maximum achievable penetration rate already
represents penetration under the assumption that incentive programs cover the entire
incremental costs of CFLs. However, the total amount of potential under all scenarios is
affected strongly by estimates of the feasibility of applying CFLs in incandescent
applications. As documented in Appendix B, we used a feasibility factor of 0.5 for
residential CFLs. Increasing or decreasing the estimated feasibility generally has a linear
effect on all of the potential estimates. Thus, an increase in the feasibility factor for CFLs
from 0.5 to 0.75 would increase all of the CFL potential estimates by roughly 50 percent.


33   California Residential Efficiency Market Share Tracking: Lamps 2005, prepared by Itron Inc. for Southern
      California Edison Company, May 2006. Results from this study indicate that roughly CFLs were purchased
      at the rate of 0.3 bulbs per household in the U.S. in 2005.


Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                4-17
                            Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                           Exhibit 4-26
                   Residential Achievable Energy Savings Potential by Measure

               High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)
                                Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)
                                      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)
               High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)
                                                                                                                   Max
                       Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)
                       Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                                        Advanced
                                           Water Heater Blanket
                                                 Faucet Aerators
                                                       Pipe Wrap
                                                                                                                   Base
                                          Low Flow Showerhead
                                         Tankless Water Heater                                                     Nat. Occurring
                                                Solar Water Heat
                                     HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)
                             Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)
                                                      HE Freezer
                               Refrigerator - Early Replacement
                 HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above
                                              Fluorescent T8, EB
                                   CFL (18-Watt integral ballast)
                                    Variable Speed Furnace Fan
                             HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12
                             HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11
                 Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)
                           Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)
                              Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation(.29)
  Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows
   Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows
                                                    Window Film
                                               Duct Repair (0.32)
                      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow
                                                    Attic Venting
                                              Whole House Fans
                                                    Ceiling Fans
                                      Programmable Thermostat                             Measures with 0 impacts have TRC < 0.8
                          17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner
                          15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner

                                                                -   10      20       30       40       50     60       70     80    90

                                                                                 Cumulative Annual GWh Savings in Year 10



                                Exhibit 4-27
  Residential Achievable CFLs Saturations Under Alternative Cost Estimates
                                                 Naturally Occurring       Base     Advanced         Max. Achievable
                                           12


                                           10
                   CFLs per Home in 2016




                                            8


                                            6


                                            4
                                                                         Current (2006) CFL
                                                                             Saturation
                                            2


                                            0
                                                    CFLs @$5/lamp                                  CFLs @$3/lamp




4-18                                                                              Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

It should be noted that the achievable potentials shown for CFLs in Exhibit 4-26 represent
the energy savings potential across all residential fixture types (e.g., portable fixtures, ceiling
fixtures, wall fixtures, etc.). In recent years, torchiere-style fixtures using halogen lamps have
garnered particular attention among energy efficiency researchers due to their high wattage
(300 watts on average) and extremely hot operating temperatures (1000 degrees F).
Alternative torchiere designs using CFL lamps require 75 percent less power than standard
halogen torchieres and have proven to be not only cost-effective but also considerably cooler.
As a result, numerous programs have been designed to target replacement of halogen
torchieres with CFL torchieres (e.g., swap-out or “turn in” programs) and promote the
penetration of CFL torchieres on the margin (e.g., ENERGY STAR fixtures). Note, however,
that these programmatic approaches are distinctly different from the utility incentive
programs most commonly used to promote screw-based CFLs for other fixture types.

Although we did not forecast achievable potential by fixture type, data from a recent on-site
lighting saturation study conducted in California provides a first-order estimate of the
achievable potential that can be expected for CFL torchieres in PNM’s service territory.34
According to the study, the current saturation of torchiere-style fixtures in California homes
is 0.47 fixtures per home, 10 percent of which currently contain CFL lamps.35 If we use the
same values for PNM and assume that the saturation of torchiere fixtures remains constant
and all halogen lamps are replaced with CFL lamps, we would thus expect a saturation of
approximately 0.5 CFL torchieres per home at the end of the forecast period. This equates to
roughly 10 percent of all projected CFL lamp installations induced by program incentives in
our base-funding scenario.

Achievable energy savings from early replacement of residential refrigerators, and removal
of second refrigerators, are also significant. However, early replacement savings are by
definition an acceleration of savings that will otherwise occur more slowly over time due to
federal appliance standards and natural stock turnover. Although programs to promote early
replacement of refrigerators and removal of second refrigerators can be cost effective due to
the large energy savings, free-ridership rates are often very high as well.

Heat pump (HP) water heaters are included in the residential sector analysis and show
moderate energy savings potential. However, HP water heaters are only marginally cost
effective in higher use applications and remain an emerging technology for which we do not
currently recommend program support.

Exhibit 4-28 shows that low-e windows have considerable peak demand savings potential.
They are cost-effective, on an incremental basis, as compared to double-pane clear windows
at the time of window replacement. These savings will take time to occur due to the fact
windows in the existing building stock are replaced very slowly, usually based on non-energy
factors (e.g., noise control, aesthetics, major renovation, etc.). We did not find low-e2

34 2005 California Statewide Residential Lighting and Appliance Efficiency Saturation Study, prepared by
    RLW Analytics. August 2005.
35 Respondents to PNM’s residential mail survey reported a current saturation of 0.37 CFL torchieres per home.
    We believe that this value reflects significant over-reporting for CFL torchieres and more likely represents
    the saturation of all torchieres in PNM’s service territory.


Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                  4-19
                    Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

windows to be cost effective on the margin as compared with standard low-e windows. In
addition, standard low-e windows are becoming the market norm in several regions around
the country due to their relatively low cost. Thus, market trends should be closely monitored
if incentives are provided for this measure to ensure free-ridership levels are reasonable.

                                     Exhibit 4-28
          Residential Achievable Peak Demand Savings Potential by Measure

               High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)
                                Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)
                                      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                           Max
               High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)
                       Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)
                       Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)
                                                                                                                         Advanced
                                           Water Heater Blanket
                                                 Faucet Aerators                                                         Base
                                                       Pipe Wrap
                                          Low Flow Showerhead                                                            Nat. Occurring
                                         Tankless Water Heater
                                                Solar Water Heat
                                     HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)
                             Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)
                                                      HE Freezer
                               Refrigerator - Early Replacement
                HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above
                                              Fluorescent T8, EB
                                   CFL (18-Watt integral ballast)
                                    Variable Speed Furnace Fan
                             HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12
                             HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11
                 Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)
                           Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)
                              Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation(.29)
  Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows
   Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows
                                                    Window Film
                                               Duct Repair (0.32)
                      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow
                                                    Attic Venting
                                              Whole House Fans
                                                    Ceiling Fans
                                      Programmable Thermostat                                   Measures with 0 impacts have TRC < 0.8
                          17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner
                          15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner

                                                                    -   0.5   1.0   1.5   2.0       2.5     3.0    3.5         4.0   4.5   5.0

                                                                                    Peak MW Reduced in Year 10




Significant and potentially cost-effective peak demand savings are available from measures
that improve the operating efficiency of air conditioners through proper refrigerant charging
and airflow, duct sealing, sizing, and operation of controls. Although promising, these
interventions are in the process of being field tested by several efficiency organizations
around the country. We recommended that PNM closely monitor the performance of other
utilities’ programs while considering a pilot program to access effectiveness directly in the
PNM service territory.

Ceiling insulation in existing homes (moving from R-0 to R-19) also appears to have
significant demand savings potential. However, there is considerable uncertainty in available
estimates of the share of homes that currently lack ceiling insulation. Our estimates are based
primarily on self-reports from PNM’s residential mail survey. Further investigation of the
preponderance of ceiling insulation through field inspections should be considered.

It is likely that older homes (pre-1978) may lack wall insulation. However, retrofitting wall
insulation is more difficult and less common than retrofitting ceiling insulation. There are


4-20                                                                                Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

barriers to ensuring proper installation and reaching homeowners when retrofitting is most
feasible. In addition, in our analysis, adoption is only significantly affected in the max
achievable (very high incentive) case.

Due to the new SEER 13 federal standards, high-efficiency central AC measures (i.e., SEER
15 and 17) are no longer cost-effective on the margin. However, this may be a short-term
phenomenon. Incremental costs for units above SEER 13 may decrease as air conditioner
manufacturers retool to meet the new standard. From a market transformation perspective,
PNM may want to consider setting incentives for high-efficiency units above 13 but capping
incentive levels based on what is cost-effective to PNM. This would contribute to national
market-pull efforts coordinated by entities such as the Consortium for Energy Efficiency.

Commercial Efficiency Measures
Exhibits 4-29 and 4-30 show that CFL and premium T8 lighting packages account for the
majority of achievable energy and demand savings potential in the commercial sector. These
efficient lighting technologies are cost effective in most applications on a retrofit basis (i.e.,
early replacement). Like the residential sector, however, the commercial sector has
experienced significant penetration of CFLs and T8s even in the absence of PNM program
efforts.36 In addition, the achievable savings shown for T8 measures have not been adjusted
in our analysis to account for the savings likely to be subsumed by the implementation of
new federal standards in 2010 that will require electronic ballasts. Finally, it should be noted
that total achievable lighting savings in the commercial sector are significantly affected by
the relative share of incandescent versus fluorescent fixtures in the PNM population. A larger
share of incandescent fixtures increases total savings since the energy savings rates
associated with CFLs is much greater than that associated with T8s. The self-reported
lighting shares obtained from analysis of PNM’s commercial mail survey indicated a higher
share of incandescent to fluorescent lighting than the authors have seen in other service
territories where on-site survey data is available.




36   Current self-reported saturation levels in PNM’s commercial sector are roughly 30 percent for both CFLs and
      T8 lighting.


Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                  4-21
                  Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                      Exhibit 4-29
                Commercial Achievable Energy Savings Potential by Measure

  Vending Misers (cooled machines only)
                  Tankless Water Heater
                Hot Water Pipe Insulation
   High Efficiency Water Heater (electric)
                                                                                       Max
   Demand controlled circulating systems
            Energy Star Office Equipment                                               Advanced
        Office Equip Power Management
                  Refrigeration Measures                                               Base
                 Air Handler Optimization
            Variable Speed Drive Control                                               Nat. Occurring
         Advanced Efficiency Fan Motor
                  Evaporative Pre-Cooler
                       HE Packaged Unit
                              Economizer
                        EMS Optimization
             VSD for Pumps and Towers
                     Tune Up/Diagnostics
                               Cool Roof
                                    EMS
                            Window Film
                                HE Chiller
               Outdoor Lighting Controls
                                                                 Measures with 0 impacts have TRC < 0.8
             Advanced Pressure Sodium
                            LED Exit Sign
                        Advanced Bay T5
                                    CFL
                 Lighting Control Tuneup
                     Continuous Dimming
                      Occupancy Sensor
               Premium T8/EB, Reflector
                          Premium T8/EB

                                         -   20    40       60        80       100      120       140     160

                                                  Cumulative Annual GWh Savings in Year 10


Other measure-level highlights from the commercial forecasts include:

          Commercial cooling measures also demonstrate significant achievable energy and
          peak demand savings potential, although much less than commercial lighting
          measures. Most of the potential savings for cooling measures is associated with
          packaged direct expansion (DX) systems rather than chiller systems due to the
          relative prevalence of the former in the PNM service territory. Cool roofs also
          appear to apply well to PNM’s climate and existing building characteristics (i.e.,
          relatively higher share of low-rise buildings compared to high-rise buildings).
          Commercial refrigeration measures show relatively low total savings potential in
          the PNM service territory. This appears to follow directly from the relatively small
          contribution of refrigeration-related business types (e.g., the Grocery and
          Restaurant segments) to total PNM commercial sector electricity use.
          Most of the achievable savings potential associated with premium efficiency
          motors is estimated to occur in the industrial sector. In the commercial sector, most
          of the estimated savings potential from motor-related measures are associated with
          variable speed drives and retro-commissioning measures.
          Office equipment measures may provide moderate energy and demand savings.
          Note, however, that we show the achievable savings from these measures


4-22                                                         Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                   Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

           primarily in the naturally occurring savings forecast. This occurs because we
           modeled only utility program information effects and did not model any direct
           utility incentives for these measures.

                                 Exhibit 4-30
        Commercial Achievable Peak Demand Savings Potential by Measure

   Vending Misers (cooled machines only)
                    Tankless Water Heater
                 Hot Water Pipe Insulation                                     Max
    High Efficiency Water Heater (electric)
   Demand controlled circulating systems
             Energy Star Office Equipment                                      Advanced
         Office Equip Power Management
                    Refrigeration Measures                                     Base
                   Air Handler Optimization
              Variable Speed Drive Control                                     Nat. Occurring
           Advanced Efficiency Fan Motor
                    Evaporative Pre-Cooler
                         HE Packaged Unit
                                Economizer
                          EMS Optimization
              VSD for Pumps and Towers
                       Tune Up/Diagnostics
                                 Cool Roof
                                       EMS
                              Window Film
                                  HE Chiller             Measures with 0 impacts have TRC < 0.8
                Outdoor Lighting Controls
              Advanced Pressure Sodium
                              LED Exit Sign
                          Advanced Bay T5
                                      CFL
                   Lighting Control Tuneup
                       Continuous Dimming
                        Occupancy Sensor
                Premium T8/EB, Reflector
                            Premium T8/EB

                                           -   5        10            15              20          25
                                                   Peak MW Reduced in Year 10




Other Technology Issues
Comments received on the draft version of this report requested additional discussion of
evaporative cooling and home electronics. These technologies were not included in the
bottom up estimates of potential in this study but are important to understanding trends in
PNM’s load growth. Opportunities and issues associated with these technologies are
discussed below.

Evaporative Cooling
As discussed in the data development and baseline portion of this report in Section 3, PNM
has one of the highest saturations of direct evaporative air conditioning in the country.
However, as shown in Section 3.4 on new construction trends, the relative saturation of
evaporative versus refrigerative air conditioning has been changing dramatically in new
construction toward refrigerative AC. Obviously, the increase in saturation of refrigerative
AC is forecasted to increase peak demand on PNM’s system. Although we did not include
evaporative AC as an energy-efficiency measure in the detailed modeling performed for this



Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                          4-23
              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

study,37 we are including a deterministic analysis of the potential for reducing peak load and
energy consumption if some of the forecasted growth in refrigerative AC were shifted back
to evaporative AC. These estimates are provided in response to comments received from
EEAG members on our draft report.

The assumptions used in our deterministic estimates of savings for evaporative AC are as
follows:

         We estimate that there are roughly five thousand new refrigerative AC units
         installed in new homes in the PNM territory each year, or about 50,000 by 2016.
         We calculate savings assuming that evaporative cooling captures a portion of the
         market that is otherwise currently forecasted to choose refrigerative AC. Three
         cases are analyzed in which evaporative AC captures 5, 10, or 20 percent of the
         refrigerative AC market (e.g., of the roughly 50,000 new refrigerative AC units
         currently forecasted).
         Base energy and peak demand for refrigerative AC are estimated at 1,957
         kWh/year and 1.6 kW, respectively.
         We assume a 66 percent savings fraction for evaporative units as compared to
         refrigerative AC.


The results of these assumptions and estimates are provided in Exhibit 4-31. As shown in the
exhibit, if evaporative AC were able to capture 5 percent of the market that would otherwise
choose refrigerative AC the savings would amount to roughly 2.8 MW by 2016. If
evaporative systems captured 20 percent of the market from refrigerative AC, load reductions
would equal roughly 11 MW by 2016. We provide these estimates simply as deterministic
examples of load reductions that would be associated with reductions in the currently
forecasted growth of refrigerative AC due to use of evaporative AC. We do not present these
as estimates of achievable potential associated with any program model.

We believe that there would likely be several challenges to implementing a program to
replace refrigerative AC with evaporative AC in new construction in the PNM territory.38
One challenge would be determining an appropriate incentive to provide given that
evaporative AC is already much less expensive than refrigerative AC. However, the

37 Direct evaporative AC was not included as a measure in our adoption modeling for several reasons. First,
    our adoption modeling generally assumes that energy efficiency measures have constant levels of energy
    service as compared to their base case alternatives, as well as positive incremental costs. Although comfort
    has a subjective dimension that can vary from individual to individual, most air conditioning designers and
    engineers do not believe that direct evaporative systems provide equivalent levels of cooling as refrigerative
    systems, although the PNM territory is certainly a climate that lends itself more to evaporative cooling than
    other regions with both high heat and high humidity. Secondly, evaporative coolers are less expensive than
    refrigerative systems and hence have a negative incremental cost. Our models assume that adoption is a
    function of the benefit-cost ratio of a measure to the end user with some adjustments to account for market
    barriers.
38 There are a few evaporative cooler incentive programs in U.S. , including those offered by Xcel Energy in
    Colorado and Utah Power. Utah Power offers a $300 incentive for the purchase of new evaporative coolers.


4-24                                                        Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                                     Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

principal challenge would be ensuring that incentives go primarily to homes that would
otherwise not install evaporative AC (i.e., minimizing free riders since a large share of the
new construction market for PNM already chooses evaporative AC). Another possibility is
that, instead of utilizing a financial incentive such as a rebate, PNM could provide
information to home buyers and builders on the savings and any environmental benefits
associated with evaporative systems.

                               Exhibit 4-31
   Load Impacts by 2016 Associated with Reduced Refrigerative AC Growth
                     in Residential New Construction*

                                                       Energy Reduction (GWh)     Demand Reduction (MW)
                                    16
                                                                                                       (10,476)
                                    14
                                              (Number of AC units)
     GWh or MW Load Reduction




                                    12

                                    10
                                                                          (5,373)
                                     8

                                     6
                                               (2,687)
                                     4

                                     2

                                -
                                                  5%                        10%                        20%
                                               Reduction in Refrigerative AC saturation due to Increased Use of
                                                                        Evaporative AC

Home Electronics
Consumer electronics and home office equipment represent a growing share of home
electricity use throughout the U.S. While many of these devices are small and use little
energy by themselves, some can use as much energy as a new refrigerator. We did not model
adoption of energy efficient home electronics products or practices because the primary focus
of this study was on traditional utility incentive programs. We believe that reducing energy
consumption from these products is best addressed through upstream efforts lead by the
federal government and states and through codes and standards. We also do not believe that
it is yet defensible, based on the lack of empirical market data, to model adoption of the
energy efficiency measures associated with these technologies. Nonetheless, these products
likely account for an increasing share of utility load growth. We believe that upstream
federal and state efforts to reduction consumption in home electronics should be supported.
In addition, utilities can provide information to consumers on the benefits of choosing
Energy Star products.



Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                          4-25
             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

The remainder of this discussion provides examples of issues and opportunities associated
with home electronic devices.

Television (TV) energy use is an important example of how multiple trends can combine to
drive total energy usage. For example, TV energy use has risen sharply over the last eight
years. The table below shows the change in TV energy characteristics over time. EPA
estimates that in 1998 a standard CRT TV used 184.2 kWh per year. EPA’s ENERGY
STAR® label, over several revisions, eventually led to a one-watt standby requirement for
TVs. ENERGY STAR achieved significant market penetration, its success reflected in the
lower standby energy consumption of CRT TVs in 2005. Unfortunately, this was more than
offset by an increase in active-mode energy use, primarily a result of increasing screen size,
although higher hours of use, digital tuners and additional features may also have been
factors. Active power use by plasma and DLP TVs is even higher, since these technologies
are more common in larger TVs.

                        Summary of Television Energy Use (kWh/yr)
                 CRT 1998         CRT 2005          LCD 2005         Plasma 2005            DLP* 2005
                (non-EStar)       (EStar and        (EStar and      (EStar and non-       (EStar and non-
                                  non-EStar)        non-EStar)          EStar)                EStar)
 Standby             40.4             28                64                147                   133
 Active             143.7            216               192                532                   311
 Total              184.2            244               256                679                   444
Source: EPA (2006)
*Digital light processing, a technology used for projection TVs (there are also CRT and LCD projection TVs).

EPA is now looking to expand the specification to include active power. Because there is
currently no test procedure that applies to all the new TV technologies, EPA is working with
manufacturers, other agencies and interest groups to develop one. Once that is done EPA
plans to move ahead with a new active power specification.

In offices, desktop PCs use an average of 334 kWh per year and CRT monitors an average of
248 kWh per year (derived from Webber, et al. 2006). Unfortunately, usage of home
computers is poorly understood compared to office computers. While some media firms have
studied how computer users spend their time on the computer, they are not interested in two
key determinants of energy use: Do users turn off their computer when it is not in use? And,
does the computer enter a low power mode when not in active use (power management)? The
impact of these two factors is huge: Webber, et al. (2006) estimate that a commercial desktop
PC left on 24 hours with no power management uses 482 kWh/yr, compared to 86 kWh/year
for one with power management that is turned off after hours. For a CRT monitor, the values
are 745 and 104 kWh per year, respectively. Unfortunately, that study also found that 64% of
commercial PCs are left on at night, and of those, only 6% enter a low-power mode. For
monitors, 68% were left on with 71% in a low-power mode. Without further research, it is
impossible to know how home computers compare.

A number of other consumer electronics products have been the target of energy efficiency
policies. VCRs, DVD players, audio equipment, cordless phones and answering machines,


4-26                                                     Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

monitors, printers, multifunction (print/copy/fax) office equipment, external power and
battery charging systems are all covered by the ENERGY STAR program. The state of
California recently approved minimum efficiency standards for televisions, compact audio
products, DVD players and recorders, digital television adapters, and power supplies (CEC
2006). A number of states have followed suit with their own standards, based on California’s.

The external power supply and battery charger initiatives are an attempt to move away from
the product-by-product approach and get at the many products that do not use enough energy
to merit individual approaches. Since many consumer electronics products use external
power supplies (mobile phones, laptops, LCD monitors, inkjet printers, answering machines,
electric shavers, etc.), increasing the efficiency of this component will have an effect on a
large portion of the consumer electronics market.


4.2 Energy Efficiency Supply Curves

Energy efficiency supply curves for energy and peak demand savings are shown in Exhibits
4-32 and 4-33, respectively. The supply curves show the distribution of measure-level
potentials by relative cost. Energy efficiency supply curve summary data are presented in the
Appendix D for the residential existing, residential new construction, commercial existing,
commercial new construction, and industrial market segments. Here it is important to
recognize that cost-effectiveness, as defined by the TRC test, cannot be determined
exclusively from these curves because the value of both energy and demand savings must be
integrated when comparing to supply side alternatives. Measure-level TRC estimates are
provided in Appendix C.




Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                4-27
                                 Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                                       Exhibit 4-32
                                  Residential, Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency
                                                  Supply Curve – Energy

                                 $0.50

                                 $0.45

                                 $0.40
         Levelized $/KWh Saved




                                 $0.35

                                 $0.30

                                 $0.25

                                 $0.20

                                 $0.15

                                 $0.10

                                 $0.05

                                 $0.00
                                         0%         5%          10%         15%         20%         25%
                                               Savings Potential as Percent of Total Energy Sales




                                                        Exhibit 4-33
                                  Residential, Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency
                                                Supply Curve – Peak Demand

                                 $2,500



                                 $2,000
       Levelized $/MW Saved




                                 $1,500



                                 $1,000



                                  $500



                                    $0
                                          0%         5%         10%         15%         20%         25%
                                                 Savings Potential as Percent of Peak Demand




4-28                                                                  Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
                                       Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study




4.3 Costs and Benefits

In this section we present the costs and benefits associated with each program scenario.
Exhibit 4-34 shows the magnitude of benefits relative to the magnitude of the costs for each
program. The program costs are disaggregated into the categories of program administrative
and marketing costs, program incentive costs, and the costs of installation that are paid by
program participants. Exhibit 4-35 provides the full 10-year cost, forecasted energy and peak
demand savings, and benefit-cost ratios for each program by sector and vintage, both from
the Total Resource Cost (TRC) perspective and the Utility Cost Test (UCT) perspective. In
general, for all program scenarios, the benefits outweigh the cost by a ratio of more than 2:1.
Program benefits range from $0.41 billion under the base program scenario to $0.76 billion
under the maximum achievable program scenario. As shown in the UCT ratio, benefits to
PNM outweigh the total costs to PNM by eight-fold for the base program scenario, four-fold
for the advanced program scenario, and three-fold for the maximum achievable program
scenario.

                                                             Exhibit 4-34
                                            Cumulative 10-Year Program Benefits and Costs*

                                $0.8
                                          Total Benefits
                                $0.7      Participant Costs
                                          Program Incentives
                                          Program Admin and Marketing
  Present Value in $ Billions




                                $0.6                                                                        Net
                                                                                                          Benefits:
                                                                                                           $0.44
                                $0.5                                                                       Billion
                                                                                Net
                                                                              Benefits:
                                $0.4                                           $0.37
                                                                               Billion
                                                    Net
                                $0.3              Benefits:
                                                   $0.30
                                                   Billion
                                $0.2


                                $0.1


                                $0.0
                                                                                                   Max Achievable
                                        Base Program               Advanced Program
                                                                                                      Program
*Avoided cost benefits and program costs discounted at nominal rate of 8.67% percent per year.




Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                          4-29
              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                Exhibit 4-35
Summary of Cumulative Net Achievable Energy Efficiency Potential Forecasts:
 Year 10 (2016) Impacts, Discounted Cumulative Program Costs, and Benefit-
                                Cost Ratios*

                                        Cumulative 10 Cumulative            Cumulative
                                        Year Program        Net MW           Annual Net         Total
                                         Cost ($ 2006 Reductions GWh Savings Resource                     Utility Cost
Sector and Vintage Scenario                 Millions)       by 2016           by 2016        Cost Ratio       Test
Residential              Base                 $12                7               70              1.6           5.6
Existing                 Advanced              $33               19             130              1.4           3.2
                         Maximum               $50               31             168              1.3           2.6
Residential              Base                   $5               6               32              2.1           4.3
New                      Advanced             $11               13               60              2.3           3.7
                         Maximum               $32               33             110              2.2           2.6
Commercial               Base                 $21               33              214              2.9          12.5
Existing                 Advanced              $60               55             348              2.1           5.6
                         Maximum               $80               68             409              1.9           4.7
Commercial               Base                  $5                5               17              1.8           3.5
New                      Advanced               $9               10              32              2.2           3.3
                         Maximum               $24               22              72              2.2           2.5
Industrial               Base                  $8                5               54              2.7           6.4
                         Advanced              $22              13              123              2.3           3.7
                         Maximum              $36               20              174              1.6           3.0
Total                    Base                 $51               55              386              2.5           8.2
                         Advanced             $134              110             693              2.0           4.4
                         Maximum              $222              175             932              1.8           3.4
*Avoided cost benefits and program costs discounted at nominal rate of 8.67 % percent per year.



Exhibits 4-36 and 4-37 show the estimated average annual program costs and program
benefits for each achievable potential scenario and the average annual net energy and
demand savings. As a point of comparison for these program cost estimates, the NMPRC set
a spending cap for electric efficiency programs at 1.5 percent of total revenues. For PNM,
this equates to roughly $8.2 million based on actual revenues in 2005. This value falls in
between the average annual program costs estimated in our base- and advanced-level funding
scenarios.




4-30                                                          Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
              Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                Exhibit 4-36
     Breakdown of Estimated Average Annual Program Costs and Benefits*
                                                                               Remaining       Total   Avoided
                                                  Marketing Incentive          Participant Resource     Cost
Sector and Vintage Scenario Admin Costs Costs                      Costs         Costs         Costs   Benefits
Residential            Base             $0.6          $0.2          $0.4          $1.5          $2.8     $7.0
Existing               Advanced         $1.5          $0.2          $1.5          $1.9          $5.2    $10.4
                       Maximum          $2.2          $0.2          $2.6          $2.3          $7.3    $13.1
Residential            Base             $0.2          $0.2          $0.1          $0.4          $1.0     $2.3
New                    Advanced         $0.3          $0.2          $0.7          $0.6         $1.7     $4.2
                       Maximum          $0.3          $0.2          $2.7          $0.5          $3.7     $8.3
Commercial             Base             $0.7          $0.2          $1.2          $3.7          $5.8    $26.0
Existing               Advanced         $1.9          $0.2          $3.9          $4.3         $10.3    $33.2
                       Maximum          $2.2          $0.2          $5.5          $5.1         $13.1    $37.7
Commercial             Base             $0.2          $0.2          $0.1          $0.3          $0.9    $1.8
New                    Advanced         $0.2          $0.2          $0.5          $0.3         $1.2     $2.9
                       Maximum          $0.3          $0.3          $1.8          $0.0          $2.4     $6.0
Industrial             Base             $0.2          $0.2          $0.3          $1.0          $1.7    $4.8
                       Advanced         $0.6          $0.3          $1.3          $1.5          $3.6     $8.0
                       Maximum          $0.9          $0.3          $2.4          $1.7          $5.3    $10.8
Total                  Base             $1.9          $1.0          $2.3          $7.0         $12.1    $41.9
                       Advanced         $4.5          $1.1          $7.8          $8.6         $22.0    $58.7
                       Maximum          $5.9          $1.2         $15.1          $9.6         $31.9    $76.0
*Avoided cost benefits and program costs discounted at nominal rate of 8.67% percent per year.




Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                                   4-31
               Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                             Exhibit 4-37
  Summary of Average Annual Net Achievable Energy Efficiency Potentials:
        Impacts and Discounted Average Annual Program Costs*

                                                 Average Annual    Average Annual Average Annual
                                                  Program Cost Net MW Savings by Net GWh Savings
  Sector and Vintage        Scenario             ($ 2006 Millions)      2016          by 2016
  Residential               Base                       $1.2              0.7            7.0
  Existing                  Advanced                   $3.3              1.9           13.0
                            Maximum                    $5.0              3.1           16.8
  Residential               Base                       $0.5              0.6            3.2
  New                       Advanced                   $1.1              1.3            6.0
                            Maximum                    $3.2              3.3           11.0
  Commercial                Base                       $2.1              3.3           21.4
  Existing                  Advanced                   $6.0              5.5           34.8
                            Maximum                    $8.0              6.8           40.9
  Commercial                Base                       $0.5              0.5            1.7
  New                       Advanced                   $0.9              1.0            3.2
                            Maximum                    $2.4              2.2            7.2
  Industrial                Base                       $0.8              0.5            5.4
                            Advanced                   $2.2              1.3           12.3
                            Maximum                    $3.6              2.0           17.4
  Total                     Base                       $5.1              5.5           38.6
                            Advanced                  $13.4             11.0           69.3
                            Maximum                   $22.2             17.5           93.2
 *Avoided cost benefits and program costs discounted at nominal rate of 8.67% percent per year.



4.4 Discussion of Uncertainty in Forecast Estimates

There are two principal classes of uncertainty underlying the results presented in this study.
The first area is uncertainty associated with estimates of the current characteristics of end-use
electricity consumption and energy efficiency measure data (hereafter, “current market”
uncertainty). The second area concerns estimates of the future potential for energy efficiency,
which is affected by the uncertainty in the first area, as well as uncertainty in future energy
prices and electric load forecasts, changes in market and energy efficiency measure
characteristics over time, and forecasts of customer adoption of measures as a function of
program interventions, among other factors (hereafter, “forecast” uncertainty). While there is
considerable overlap in the underlying data associated with both types of uncertainty, it is
useful to separate these classes of uncertainty for two reasons. First, the study attempts to
reduce the effects of the two types of uncertainty through different approaches. Second,
although both types of uncertainty could be reduced through further research, the types of
research necessary are significantly different across the two classes.

With respect to the first class of uncertainty noted above, current market uncertainty, readers
and users of this study should recognize that estimates of energy efficiency potential involve
a process of modeling the substitution of energy efficiency equipment and systems in place


4-32                                                          Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
            Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

of existing energy equipment and systems. As such, this process starts with estimates of
current equipment characteristics and energy use by end use and market segment. These data
typically are provided as inputs to energy efficiency potential studies and are, in the best of
cases, developed from up-to-date and statistically accurate studies that involve detailed
collection of technology market shares and comprehensive modeling of end-use consumption
and peak demand. When these data are absent, outdated, or inaccurate, the uncertainty in
estimates of current equipment shares and associated consumption and peak demand directly
impact estimates of energy efficiency potential because energy efficiency potential varies by
equipment type and market segment.

Energy efficiency measure data are the second type of data associated with current market
uncertainty. Examples of energy efficiency measure data include the current incremental
costs and savings of energy efficiency measures, the useful lives of those measures, their
current market saturation levels, and estimates of the fraction of the market for which energy
efficiency equipment and systems could substitute for existing equipment and systems.
Fortunately, considerable data on the costs and savings associated with energy efficiency
measures were available for this study. This is attributable to the considerable number and
quality of energy savings measurement and evaluation studies that have been conducted in
California, as well as the rest of the United States. Nonetheless, uncertainties exist to varying
degrees in estimates of costs and savings by individual technology. In general, new measures
(e.g., those on the market for two years or less) have somewhat greater uncertainty in costs
and savings than measures that have been on the market for longer periods (e.g., 3 years or
more). The most significant uncertainty in the measure-level data is also in the area of
measure saturation. Measure-level saturation data typically come from the same types of
sources discussed above for baseline equipment consumption and saturation data.

Measure useful lives are another area of uncertainty. Useful life affects the persistence of
savings, that is, the number of years over which the savings will occur. The estimated
number of years of savings is an important input to the benefit-cost analysis in this study.
Over- or underestimating useful lives will concomitantly over- or underestimate the
measure’s benefit-cost ratio. Useful life uncertainty includes both uncertainties in the percent
of measures that will be retained by customers within a short period after installation (often
referred to as short-term retention) and the length of time the measures will last across all
customers on average (usually referred to as average effective useful life). Short-term
retention rates are sometimes less than one for measures that either: 1) have a high early
failure rate, 2) are immediately disliked by customers (perhaps because they do not believe
the service level is equivalent to the less efficient alternative), or 3) cease to operate because
of a major change in the customer’s business (e.g., the business shuts down and no new
tenant has arrived to utilize the equipment). Short-term retention rates are typically quite high
for most measures. However, some measures have more risk of retention rate reduction
compared to other measures. For example, a CFL applied in a poor application or a retro-
commissioning controls measure that can be easily overwritten by a building operator that
prefers the convenience of the previous control strategy. Average effective useful life is
affected by the physical life of the measure (which can be measured and estimated in terms
of a survival function) and longer-term changes in customer facilities that may lead to
removal of measures before the end of their physical life (again, primarily changes in



Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential                                                     4-33
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

physical equipment or control strategies associated with tenant changes and renovation
cycles). The California IOUs have conducted numerous studies of the past decade to assess
the survival rate and overall retention levels of measures installed in programs implemented
in the mid-1990s. In general, the original estimates of measure life have been supported by
these longitudinal studies.

With regard to forecasting uncertainty, it should be somewhat obvious that forecasts of
energy efficiency potential end electricity demand are also affected by current market
uncertainty. In any forecasting process, one wants to begin with as accurate an assessment of
current conditions as possible; errors in estimates of current conditions are otherwise carried
forward and exacerbated. However, even with perfect data on current market conditions,
forecasts are subject to their own uncertainties by their very nature. For this study, the key
areas of forecast uncertainty are future:

       End-use consumption levels and equipment shares;
       Incremental costs and savings for measures on the market today;
       Incremental costs and savings for measures not on the market today but likely to
       be available over the ten-year forecast period (no such measures are included in
       this study);
       Energy efficiency program funding levels;
       Customer adoption levels of energy efficiency measures as a function of program
       intervention types and levels; and
       Benefit-cost ratios for energy efficiency measures, which, in addition to
       uncertainty in future measure costs and savings, are a function of uncertainty in:
       – Energy and capacity prices, both retail and wholesale, including those
         associated with constrained areas,
       – The value of any environmental externalities, and
       – The level of the discount rate used in financial analyses of efficiency measures.

As noted above, there is also uncertainty with future forecasts for PNM electricity sales and
peak demand. If the future demand for electricity turns out to be higher than currently
forecast, then there will be more potential for savings from energy efficiency measures.
Likewise, if the future demand for electricity is lower than expected, the potential for savings
from energy efficiency measures will be lower than the figures provided in this report.




4-34                                              Energy and Peak Demand Savings Potential
5
Savings Potential from Load Management Programs


This chapter provides estimates of peak demand savings potential from the implementation
of a direct load control program targeting residential customers in PNM’s service territory.

5.1 Overview of Methodology

The approach for our load management potential analysis differs from that employed for the
energy efficiency potential forecast. While the energy efficiency forecast utilized the DSM
ASSYST™ model and its detailed bottom-up framework to assess measure economics and
potential measure penetration, our analysis for load management programs used a simpler,
more deterministic model to project peak demand impacts from a direct load control (DLC)
program over time and assess program cost effectiveness. The model integrates assumptions
about annual program penetration, customer attrition rates, program costs, and avoided costs
to project program costs and benefits over the 10-year forecast period.39

The analysis presented below focuses on the residential sector, which has been the primary
target of direct load control programs at other utilities. In a review of ten similar programs
from around the U.S., we found that only four of these programs included program elements
targeting small commercial customers. Overall, it is clear that most direct load control
programs still targeted the residential sector. Indeed, one utility that was reviewed had
recently dropped its small commercial program as the actual savings did not meet
expectations.

5.2 Review of Existing Residential DLC Programs

The Itron/KEMA team has extensive experience evaluating direct load control programs for
major utilities in the U.S., notably Florida Power & Light, Southern California Edison, and
Utah Power. Itron has also conducted a multiclient study that benchmarked various aspects of
DLC program design, customer preferences, and customer satisfaction.40 Based on these past
studies, estimates of program costs, penetration rates, and attrition rates were developed from
two particular existing DLC programs for which detailed data on participation and costs are


39 Assumptions regarding avoided costs, discount rates, and inflation rates are identical to those used in the
    energy efficiency potential analysis (see section 3.2).
40 Survey of Residential Direct Load Control Customers National Benchmark, prepared by Quantum
    Consulting, Inc. for Portland General Electric, Cinergy, GPU Energy and MidAmerican Energy.


Load Management Potential                                                                                        5-1
            Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

available. Exhibit 5-1 summarizes these data below. In order to maintain confidentiality, the
utility and program names are kept anonymous.

                                        Exhibit 5-1
                       Load Control Information from Other Utilities
                                                            Program 1                   Program 2
                                                      Per Unit      Total          Per Unit     Total
 Program Parameters:
  Market Size (Homes)                                                342,235                     254,353
  Installations per Year                                              15,125                      2,600
  Annual Penetration Rate                                              4%                          1%
  Demand Savings per Home                             1.2 kW                        1 kW
 Program Costs:
  Administration                                                    $382,994                     $50,000
  Marketing                                                        $1,374,045                    $40,000
  Materials and Installation                           $221        $3,344,552       $312        $812,422
  Maintenance                                                                                    $1,950
 Total Program Costs, Excluding Incentives:            $337         $5,101,591       $348       $904,372
 Incentives:                                            $25                           $0*
 Control Technology:                                Adaptive cycling condenser    Honeywell ExpressStat
                                                    switch                        thermostat
 Cycling Parameters:                                13.5-22.5 minutes off every   10 minutes off every 30
                                                    30 minutes, M-F, 3-7 pm,      minutes, M-F, 3-7 pm,
                                                    10-15 days/year               May-Sept., control
                                                                                  frequency not reported
* In Program 2, a free programmable thermostat was provided to participants.

As the Exhibit shows, Program 1 is more aggressive and utilizes a larger marketing budget
(including funds for telemarketing) in addition to incentives in order to achieve market
penetration rates of about 4 percent of total eligible homes per year. In contrast, Program 2
uses lower marketing costs, does not pay incentives, and strives for penetration rates of about
1 percent per year of total eligible homes. It also appears that utility staff time is not fully
captured in the administration cost element for the second program.

5.3 Residential DLC Assessment for PNM

From the results of our residential baseline analysis (see Chapter 3), we estimate that there
are currently about 60,000 homes with central refrigerative AC in PNM’s service territory.
This number is expected to grow to approximately 110,000 homes by 2016 due to very high
penetration of central refrigerative AC in residential new construction going forward.

Using the information summarized in Exhibit 5-1 as benchmarks and employing a model
developed by KEMA to assess market penetration and cost effectiveness of DLC programs,
we developed several scenarios of potential program savings and costs for the PNM service
territory. The scenarios varied by assumed level of program effort. The scenarios we
developed were:



5-2                                                                         Load Management Potential
            Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

       A 1 percent per year penetration scenario, which assumes 1 percent of the single
       family homes with central air conditioning are recruited into the program each
       year;
       A 860 unit per year penetration scenario, which provides similar total penetration
       to the 1 percent case but with a flat level of installations per year;
       A 4 percent per year penetration scenario, which assumes 3.5 percent of the single
       family homes with central air conditioning are recruited into the program each
       year; and
       A 3,500 unit per year penetration scenario, which provides similar total penetration
       to the 4 percent case but with a flat level of installations per year.


While the constant recruitment scenarios provide for higher impacts earlier in the forecast
horizon, it will be more difficult to achieve higher recruitment levels in early years due to the
lower air conditioner stocks in these years. Because of the large expected growth in air
conditioning over the forecast horizon, the 1 percent and 4 percent program penetration
scenarios are probably more realistic, since there start with relatively low penetration targets
that gradually increase along with the increase in air conditioning stock. The 1 percent
recruitment scenario shows a Year 1 penetration target of 638 units, growing to 1,101 units
by Year 10. The 4 percent recruitment scenario shows a Year 1 penetration target of 2,552
units, growing to 4,404 units by Year 10.

Exhibit 5-2 below summaries the basic assumptions used in the model. These assumptions
are similar to those seen in our modeling of other utility direct control programs.

                                     Exhibit 5-2
                         Load Control Modeling Assumptions
                    Installed units, end of 2006                        0
                    Program analysis horizon (Years)                   10
                    Attrition rate for installations                  10%
                    Peak demand reduction per unit (kW)                 1
                    Maintenance rate (% of units per year)             1%
                    Maintenance cost per unit                          $75
                    Incentive per unit per year                        $25



Exhibit 5-3 summarizes program costs for the scenarios. Since costs are generally similar
between the two lower-effort and two higher-effort scenarios, only one set of numbers per
effort level are shown.




Load Management Potential                                                                    5-3
                                           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study


                                                                      Exhibit 5-3
                                                                Program Cost Estimates
                                                                          860 Unit/1% Scenarios             3,500 Unit/4% Scenarios
 Average Annual Non-Rebate Costs                                     Unit Cost   Units   Total Cost    Unit Cost Units      Total Cost
   Annual Administrative                                                                   $129,000                            $350,000
   Materials and Installation Cost                                    $300         860     $258,000     $300       3,500     $1,050,000
   Marketing                                                                                 $25,800                           $210,000
   Total                                                                                   $412,800                          $1,610,000
   Average cost per unit in 2007                                                                $480                                $460
  Average Program Costs 2007-2016*                               $500,000                                                    $2,000,000
* Includes rebate costs that increase over time as more homes are included in the program.

In Exhibit 5-4, we summarize the program impact results for each scenario. Cumulate
potential impacts for the 860 Unit Scenario grow from 0.9 MW in 2007 to 5.6 MW in 2016.
Impacts for the 1% Penetration Scenario grow from 0.6 MW in 2007 to 5.9 MW in 2016.
Impacts for the 3,500 Unit Scenario grow from 3.5 MW in 2007 to 22.8 MW in 2016.
Impacts for the 4% Penetration Scenario grow from 2.6 MW in 2007 to 23.6 MW in 2016.
Note that potential for the 860 Unit and 3,500 Unit scenarios tapers off over time due to the
effects of attrition. Potential for the 1% Penetration and 4% Penetration scenarios increases
slightly over time as the increase in available air conditioning stock offsets the affects of
attrition.

                                                                     Exhibit 5-4
                                                      Potential Load Control Impacts over Time

                                          25

                                                      860 per Year
        Cumulative MW Savings Potential




                                                      3500 per Year
                                          20
                                                      1% per Year
                                                      4% per Year
                                          15



                                          10



                                           5



                                           0
                                               2007   2008    2009     2010    2011    2012    2013     2014    2015    2016



Finally, we summarize our forecasts of DLC program impacts and program costs and
benefits over the 10-year forecast horizon in Exhibit 5-5. Note that rebate costs are excluded


5-4                                                                                                    Load Management Potential
             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

from the exhibit because they are not included in the TRC test calculations. Under the
forecast assumptions, all scenarios are cost effective. Results remain cost effective until
customer recruitment and total equipment installation costs (including marketing and
administration) exceed about $630 per customer. These costs were estimated to be in the
$450-$500 range for this analysis.

                                        Exhibit 5-5
                                Program Summary, 2007-2016
                                        Cumulative      Avoided        Program Costs
                                         Program          Cost           Excluding
                                         Impacts        Benefits         Incentives
  Program Scenario                        (MW)           ($Mil.)           ($Mil.)         TRC Ratio
  1% per Year                               5.9            $4.0             $2.9              1.38
  860 Units per Year                        5.6            $4.1             $3.0              1.38
  4% per Year                              23.6           $16.0             $11.1             1.44
  3,500 Units per Year                        22.8             $16.7                $11.6     1.43
Notes: Demand savings are cumulative over the 10-year forecast period. Benefits and costs reflect present
values over the 10-year forecast period, nominal discount rate = 8.7%, inflation rate = 2.0%.



5.4 Forecast Uncertainty

Key areas of forecast uncertainty include the following:

        Penetration rates: Program acceptance varies widely around the country due to
        variations in the level of marketing efforts, marketing effectiveness, and customer
        attributes. The customer acceptance of the program is difficult to predict, and
        response rates have ranged from as low as 0.5 percent to as high as 15 percent.
        Attrition rates: The rate at which customers drop off the program can
        significantly affect results, since marketing costs to recruit a customer won’t be
        spread over as long a forecast horizon. Customer attrition can be affected by such
        elements as equipment malfunctions, frequency of curtailment, and discomfort
        during curtailment periods. For the 1% penetration per year scenario, if our
        assumption about a 10% attrition rate is increased to 20%, cumulative impacts by
        2016 decline from 5.9 MW to 4.2 MW. For the 4% penetration scenario, the
        cumulative impacts in 2016 decline from 23.6 MW to 21.4 MW. In both cases the
        TRC ratio declines from about 1.4 to 1.0.
        Program and avoided costs: As shown above in the comparison of programs,
        program cost estimates can vary considerably. Avoided cost forecasts are
        inherently uncertain. Changes in cost parameters can have significant effects on
        program cost effectiveness.




Load Management Potential                                                                            5-5
6
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Key Sources                                                                            6-7
APPENDIX A
Energy Efficiency Measure Descriptions


A.1 Residential Measures

This subsection provides brief descriptions of the residential measures included in this study.

A.1.1 HVAC

Central Air Conditioner Upgrade: Air conditioner equipment includes a compressor, an
air-cooled or evaporatively-cooled condenser (located outdoors), an expansion valve, and an
evaporator coil (located in the supply air duct near the supply fan). Cooling efficiencies vary
based on the quality of the materials used, the size of equipment, the condenser type, and the
configuration of the system. Central air conditioners may be of the unitary variety (all
components housed in a factory-built assembly) or be a split system (an outdoor condenser
section and an indoor evaporator section connected by refrigerant lines and with the
compressor at either the outdoor or indoor location). Efficient air conditioner measures
involve the upgrade of a standard efficiency unit (13 SEER) to a higher efficiency unit (15 or
17 SEER).

Evaporative Cooler: Commonly known as “swamp coolers” in the Southwest, evaporative
coolers reduce the temperature of outdoor air through an air-to-water heat exchanger so that
the outdoor supply air is sensibly cooled. This process is designed to reduce or eliminate the
need for mechanical cooling by providing a cooler than ambient source of supply outdoor air.
The effectiveness of this measure is highly dependent on the characteristics of the outdoor
and the cooling requirements of the building.

Programmable Thermostat: Setback programmable thermostats are appropriate controls for
HVAC equipment that serve spaces with regular occupied and unoccupied periods, resulting
in long periods of time when heating and cooling setpoints can be adjusted.

Ceiling Fans: The convective heat transfer from the body depends on the velocity of the air
moving over it. Humans can remain comfortable in a warm humid environment if the air
movement is high. For this measure, propeller style fans are hung from the ceiling to provide
air motion directly to occupants. Energy savings are assumed to occur, because higher
cooling temperature set points are facilitated by the rapid air motion provided by the fans.

Whole House Fans: Whole house fans keep a home cool during the cooling months instead
of running the air conditioner. These fans typically consume 0.22 kW (1/3 hp), about one-


Appendix A                                                                                  A-1
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

third the consumption of a central air conditioner. These fans pull cool air from the outside,
move air through the house, and/or remove hot air through the attic.

Attic Venting: Attic venting reduces heat gain in the summer and prevents condensation
(humidity) in the winter. This measure involves a motor-driven, thermostat-controlled fan.

Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow: This measure involves diagnostic and repair
services for existing central air conditioners to improve their efficiency. Inspection and
services of AC systems involves checking the refrigerant level, cleaning the coils, cleaning
the blower, cleaning or replacing filters, and making sure air is flowing properly through the
system.

High Efficiency Room Air Conditioner: Window (or wall) mounted room air conditioners
are designed to cool individual rooms or spaces. This type of unit incorporates a complete
air-cooled refrigeration and air-handling system in an individual package. Cooled air is
discharged in response to thermostatic control to meet room requirements. Each unit has a
self-contained, air-cooled direct expansion (DX) cooling system and associated controls. The
efficient room air conditioner measure involves the upgrade of a standard efficiency unit (9
SEER) to a higher efficiency unit (11 or 12 SEER).

A.1.2 Space Heating

Variable Speed Furnace Fan: Variable speed drives (VSDs) better match motor speed to
load and can therefore lead to significant energy savings compared to constant speed drives.
This measure considers the installation of VSDs on residential gas furnace fans.

A.1.3 Building Envelope

Duct Repair: An ideal duct system would be free of leaks, especially when the ducts are
outside the conditioned space. Leakage in unsealed ducts varies considerably with the
fabricating machinery used, the methods for assembly, installation workmanship, and age of
the ductwork. To seal ducts, a wide variety of sealing methods and products exist. Care
should be taken to tape or otherwise seal all joints to minimize leakage in all duct systems
and the sealing material should have a projected life of 20 to 30 years. Current duct sealing
methods include use of computer-controlled aerosol and pre- and post-sealing duct
pressurization testing.

Window Film: This measure involves application of a dark-colored film to the existing
windows of a home. The film lowers the shading coefficient of a window, reducing the
amount of solar heat gain of a building, and thus decreasing the cooling load for the building.

Default Window with Sunscreen: This measure prevents direct sunlight on window
surfaces, reducing solar gain and consequent cooling requirements.

Double Pane, Clear Windows to Double Pane, Low-E Windows: Windows affect building
energy use through conductive heat transfer (U-value), solar heat gain coefficients (SHGC),


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             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

daylighting (visible light transmittance), and air leakage. The performance of a window is
determined by the type of glass, the number of panes, the solar transmittance, the thickness
of, and the gas type used in the gap between panes (for multi-pane windows). Low-
emittance or “low-e” windows feature a thin coating that is highly reflective of long
wavelength radiation (room temperature heat) and thus reduce wintertime heating
requirements. Newer low-e coatings also filter incoming light to block infrared portions of
the spectrum and reduce summertime air conditioning requirements. For this study, standard
double pane clear windows are specified as having U-value=0.79 and SHGC=0.68. Low-e
windows are specified as having U-value=0.5 and SHGC=0.4.

Double Pane, Low-E Windows to Double Pane, Med Low-E2 Windows: Advanced low-e
windows (sometimes called “double low-e” or “low-e2”), are carefully tuned to filter out
specific portions of the spectrum in order to optimize performance in specific climates and
locations. For this study, low-e2 windows are specified with performance parameters
preferable for the Southwest region (U-value=0.34 and SHGC=0.34).

Ceiling Insulation: Thermal insulation is material or combinations of materials that are used
to inhibit the flow of heat energy by conductive, convective, and radiative transfer modes. By
inhibiting the flow of heat energy, thermal insulation can conserve energy by reducing heat
loss or gain of a structure. An important characteristic of insulating materials is the thermal
resistivity, or R-value. The R-value of a material is the reciprocal of the time rate of heat
flow through a unit of this material in a direction perpendicular to two areas of different
temperatures. In this study, we specify two efficiency measures involving ceiling insulation:
adding R-19 insulation to un-insulated ceilings, and retrofitting R-19 insulated ceilings to R-
38. Since insulation produces both electricity (cooling) and gas (heating) benefits, we prorate
the costs of these insulation measures according to the relative share of electricity and gas
savings, expressed in avoided cost terms. For ceiling insulation, we applied prorating factors
of 0.29 for the R-19 measure and 0.27 for the R-38 measure.

Wall Insulation: For existing construction, this measure involves adding R-13 insulation to
un-insulated walls. This is usually accomplished by drilling holes into the building's siding
and blowing in insulation material. Since insulation produces both electricity (cooling) and
gas (heating) benefits, we prorate the costs of these insulation measures according to the
relative share of electricity and gas savings, expressed in avoided cost terms. For wall
insulation, we applied a prorating factor of 0.14 for the R-13 measure.

A.1.4 Lighting

Compact Fluorescent Lighting (CFLs): Compact fluorescent lamps are designed to replace
standard incandescent lamps. They are approximately four times more efficient than
incandescent light sources. Screw-in modular lamps have reusable ballasts that typically last
the life of four lamps.

Super T-8 Lamps with Electronic Ballast: T-8 lamps are a smaller diameter fluorescent
lamp than T-12 lamps. When paired with specially designed electronic ballasts, T-8 lamps
provide more lumens per watt, resulting in energy savings. Electronic ballasts replace the


Appendix A                                                                                 A-3
            Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

standard core and coil technology in magnetic ballasts with solid-state components. This
technology allows for more consistent control over ballast output and converts power to
higher frequencies, causing the fluorescent lamps to operate more efficiently. For existing
first generation T-8 systems, this measure is specified as an upgrade to efficiency levels
associated with optimal Super T-8 lamp-ballast combinations on a replace-on-burnout basis.

A.1.5 Water Heat

Heat Pump Water Heater: (Emerging Technology) Air-to-water heat pump water heaters
extract low-grade heat from the air then transfer this heat to the water by means of an
immersion coil. This is the most commonly utilized residential heat pump water heater. The
air-to-water heat pump unit includes a compressor, air-to-refrigerant evaporator coil,
evaporator fan, water circulating pump, refrigerant-to-water condenser coil, expansion valve,
and controls. Residential heat pump water heaters replace base electric units with the same
tank capacities. For this study, efficiency of the base unit (measured as the Energy Factor) is
specified as 0.88, whereas the efficiency of the heat pump water heater is specified as 2.9.

High Efficiency Water Heater: Higher efficiency water heater have greater insulation to
reduce standby heat loss. For this study, efficiency of the base unit (measured as the Energy
Factor) is specified as 0.88, whereas the efficiency of the high efficiency electric water heater
is specified as 0.93.

Water Heater Blanket (Tank Wrap): Much of water heater efficiency is related to the
amount of insulation surrounding the tank. For low-efficiency units, placing an additional
layer of insulation around the tank saves energy by reducing the amount of heat loss due to
inadequate insulation.

Solar Water Heater: Heat transfer technology that uses the sun’s energy to warm water.
Solar water heaters preheat water supplied to a conventional domestic hot water heating
system. The energy savings for the system depend on solar radiation, air temperatures, water
temperatures at the site, and the hot water use pattern.

Low-Flow Showerhead: Many households are still equipped with showerheads using 3+
gallons per minute. Low flow showerheads can significantly reduce water heating energy for
a nominal cost. Typical low-flow showerheads use 1.0-2.5 gallons per minute compared to
conventional flow rate of 3.5-6.0 gallons per minute. The reduction in shower water use can
substantially lower water heating energy use since showering accounts for about one-fourth
of total domestic hot water energy use.

Pipe Wrap: Thermal insulation is material or combinations of materials that are used to
inhibit the flow of heat energy by conductive, convective, and radiative transfer modes. By
inhibiting the flow of heat energy, thermal insulation can conserve energy by reducing heat
loss or gain.

Faucet Aerators: Water faucet aerators are threaded screens that attach to existing faucets.
They reduce the volume of water coming out of faucets while introducing air into the water


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             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

stream. A standard non-conserving faucet aerator has a typical flow rate of 3-5 gallons per
minute. A water-saving aerator can reduce the flow to 1-2 gallons per minute. The reduction
in the flow rate will lower hot water use and save energy (kitchen and bathroom sinks utilize
approximately 7 percent of total domestic hot water energy use).

A.1.6 Appliances
Energy Star Refrigerator: ENERGY STAR® refrigerators must exceed the stringent new
July 1, 2001 minimum federal standards for refrigerator energy consumption by at least 10
percent. As specified for this study, the average efficiency improvement is 15 percent. An
energy efficient refrigerator/freezer is designed by improving the various components of the
cabinet and refrigeration system. These component improvements include cabinet insulation,
compressor efficiency, evaporator fan efficiency, defrost controls, mullion heaters, oversized
condenser coils, and improved door seals.

Refrigerator Early Replacement: For this measure we assume replacement of an older
refrigerator (10 years old or more) with a new standard-efficiency refrigerator. The early
replacement assumes that the same new refrigerator would have been bought, only six years
later. Savings for this measure result for six years because the newer refrigerators, given the
stringent efficiency standards implemented in 2001, use much less energy than older units.

High Efficiency Freezer: Stand-alone freezers include either upright or chest models.
Efficient freezers should exceed standard efficiencies by 10 percent or more. As specified
for this study, the average efficiency improvement is 15 percent.

Energy Star Dishwasher: ENERGY STAR® labeled dishwashers must exceed minimum
federal standards for dishwasher energy consumption by at least 25 percent. Efficient
dishwashers save by using both improved technology for the primary wash cycle, and by
using less hot water to clean. They include more effective washing action, energy efficient
motors and other advanced technology such as sensors that determine the length of the wash
cycle and the temperature of the water necessary to clean the dishes. For this study,
efficiency of the base unit (measured as the Energy Factor) is specified as 0.46, whereas the
efficiency of the ENERGY STAR® unit is specified as 0.58.

Energy Star Clothes Washer: A standard clothes washer uses various temperatures, water
levels, and cycle durations to wash clothes depending on the clothing type and size of the
laundry load. A high-efficiency vertical-axis clothes washer, which eliminates the warm rinse
option and utilizes a spray technology to rinse clothes, can significantly reduce washer-
related energy. Such machines also utilize a spin cycle that eliminates more water from the
clothes than conventional clothes washers and are generally driven by more efficient motors.
A horizontal axis clothes washer utilizes a cylinder that rotates horizontally to wash, rinse,
and spin the clothes. These types of washing machines can be top loading or front loading,
and utilize significantly less water (hot and cold) than the standard vertical axis machines. A
vertical axis machine generally fills the tub until all of the clothes are immersed in water. In
contrast, the horizontal axis machine only requires about one third of the tub to be full, since
the rotation of the drum around its axis forces the clothes into the water and thus can
drastically reduce the total energy use for washing. These machines are also easier on clothes


Appendix A                                                                                  A-5
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

and use less detergent. For this study, efficiency of the base unit (measured as the Modified
Energy Factor) is specified as 1.04, and we consider two efficiency levels for ENERGY
STAR® units, 1.42 and 1.60, which correspond to the Tier 1 and Tier 2 efficiency levels
defined by the Consortium for Energy Efficiency.

High Efficiency Clothes Dryer: High efficiency clothes dryers incorporate moisture sensors
and prevent the frequency and magnitude of over-drying compared standard clothes dryers
without moisture sensors.

High Efficiency Pool Pump and Motor: This measure involves the replacement of a
standard-efficiency motor and low volume pump with a smaller high-efficiency motor and a
new high-volume pump.

Two Speed Pool Pump: Two speed pool pumps saves energy by reducing the energy used
during ongoing pool filtering operation.

A.2 Commercial Measures
This subsection provides brief descriptions of the commercial measures included in this
study.

A.2.1 Lighting
Super T-8 Lamps with Electronic Ballast: T-8 lamps are a smaller diameter fluorescent
lamp than T-12 lamps. When paired with specially designed electronic ballasts, T-8 lamps
provide more lumens per watt, resulting in energy savings. Electronic ballasts replace the
standard core and coil technology in magnetic ballasts with solid-state components. This
technology allows for more consistent control over ballast output and converts power to
higher frequencies, causing the fluorescent lamps to operate more efficiently. For existing
first generation T-8 systems, this measure is specified as an upgrade to efficiency levels
associated with optimal Super T-8 lamp-ballast combinations on a replace-on-burnout basis.

T-5 High-Output Lighting with Electronic Ballast: Like T8 lamps, straight tube T5 lamps
are available in nominal 2', 3', 4', and 5' lengths. Standard T-5 lamps have light output and
efficiency comparable to T-8/electronic ballast systems. High output T-5 lamps have
considerably higher light output: a 1-lamp high output T-5 cross-section can replace a 2-lamp
T 8 cross-section. The 5/8" bulb diameter of the T-5 lamp lends itself to low profile
luminaires well-suited for cove lighting and display case lighting. Its smaller scale allows for
sleeker fluorescent indirect and direct/indirect pendants and shallower profile recessed troffer
type luminaires. Because of variances in actual lamp lengths and a different socket design,
the T-5 lamp cannot easily be retrofitted in existing T-12 and T-8 luminaires. Consequently,
use the T-5 lamp to its best advantage in specially designed luminaires.

Induction Lamps: Inductions lamps take typically take the place of HID lamps. Their
advantage is both long life and quick start, which unlike HID lamps, allows them to be turned
off and on with the demand. Although induction lamps have a longer service life than other




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             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

lamp technology they are also more expensive and the light intensity tends to degrade over
time. They are most often used in places where the lamps are difficult to reach and replace.
Metal Halide Lamps: Metal halide lamps are HID lamps, which are approximately four
times more efficacious than incandescent lamps. Metal halide (MH) lamps are a form of
high intensity discharge (HID) lighting with good lighting efficiency and excellent color
rendition.

Pulse-Start Metal Halide Lamps: Pulse start lamps have a greater light output than
standard metal halide, provide a white light and require special ballasts and fixtures for each
specific lamp. The pulse start metal halide combined with new, more efficient low current
crest factor ballasts using high voltage ignitors provides higher light levels initially (20%
more) and significantly more maintained light over time (40% more) than today’s standard
metal halide.

Compact Fluorescent Lighting (CFLs): Compact fluorescent lamps are designed to
replace standard incandescent lamps. They are approximately four times more efficacious
than incandescent light sources. Screw-in modular lamps have reusable ballasts that typically
last for four lamp lives.

High Pressure Sodium Lamps: In many situations, 400 watt mercury vapor lamps can be
replaced by 250 watt high pressure sodium (HPS) lamps. HPS lamps are HID lighting and
emit a golden-white or yellow light. The color rendition for HPS lamps is worse than for MV
lamps, but the number of lumens per watt, although dependent on the size of the lamps, is
much improved over MV lamps.

Reflectors: Optical reflectors are mirrored surfaces installed in fluorescent fixtures to direct
light toward a specific area or work surface. By installing optical reflectors, four-lamp and
three-lamp fluorescent fixtures can be reduced to two lamp fixtures and still meet the needed
lighting levels.

Lighting Control Tune-up: This involves various measures to optimize the customer’s
current lighting control systems, with measures such as: relocating/tuning occupancy sensors,
relocating photocells, optimizing sweep timers, repairing lighting timers, and adjust lighting
schedules.

Occupancy Sensors: Occupancy sensors (infrared or ultrasonic motion detection devices)
turn lights on upon entry of a person into a room, and then turn the lights off from ½ minute
to 20 minutes after they have left. Occupancy sensors require proper installation and
calibration. Their savings depend on the mounting type.

Continuous Dimming: (Emerging Technology): Dimming electronic ballasts can be
incorporated into a daylighting strategy around the perimeter of office buildings or in areas
under skylights. These systems use photocells to reduce power consumption and light output
when daylight is available.




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           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

Outdoor Lighting Controls (Photocells and Timeclocks): Photocells can be used to
automatically control both outdoor lamps and indoor lamps adjacent to skylights and
windows. When lights do not need to be on all night, a photocell in series with a time clock
provides maximum savings and eliminates the need for manual operation and seasonal time
clock adjustments. Time clocks enable users to turn on and off electrical equipment at
specific times during the day or week.

10% More Efficient Design (Lighting): This scenario represents a 10 percent reduction in
lighting power densities and associated energy usage below current practice. This decrease
would be achieved through modest design changes that focus on better optimization of
fixture layout and product choices, but would not require aggressive use of controls and
daylighting.

20% More Efficient Design (Lighting): (Emerging Technology) This scenario incorporates
all of the savings associated with the 10% Improvement case and adds savings associated
with advanced lighting controls and daylighting. This represents a 20 percent reduction in
energy usage below current practice. Note that summer peak demand savings would be
higher under this scenario due to the coincidence of available daylight with this period.

A.2.2 Space Cooling

Chiller Efficiency Upgrade: Centrifugal chillers are used in building types which normally
use water-based cooling systems and have cooling requirements greater than 200 tons.
Centrifugal chillers reject heat through a water cooled condenser or cooling tower. In
general, efficiency levels for centrifugal chillers start at 0.80 kW/ton (for older units) and
may go as high as 0.4 kW/ton. This measure involves installation of a high-efficiency chiller
(0.51 kW per ton) versus a standard unit (0.58 kW per ton). This measure also serves in the
potential analysis as a proxy for other non-centrifugal chiller systems.

Oversized Cooling Towers: Oversized cooling towers require custom manufacturing, so
they cost more initially. However, oversized cooling towers save energy by providing a
larger interface area between the water and air, thereby decreasing the fan horsepower
required for a given tonnage. Installing oversized evaporators and condensers saves energy
by reducing internal pressure losses and altering the temperature lift in the chiller. For
instance, lowering condenser water entering temperature to 75 deg. F by using an oversized
cooling tower can be cost effective within five years.

VSD – Cooling Circulation Pumps: Variable speed drives installed on chilled water pumps
can reduce energy use by varying the pump speed according to the building’s demand for
cooling. There is also a reduction in piping losses associated with this measure, which can
have a major impact on the heating loads and energy use for a building. Pump speeds,
however, can generally only be reduced to a minimum specified rate, because chillers and the
control valves may require a minimum flow rate to operate.

VSD – Cooling Tower Fans: Energy usage in cooling tower fans can be reduced by
installing electronic variable speed drives (VSDs). VSDs are a far more efficient method of


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             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

regulating speed or torque than other control mechanisms. Energy required to operate a fan
motor can be reduced significantly during reduced load conditions by installing a VSD.

Chiller Tune-up/Diagnostics: In addition to some of the activities conducted in a DX tune-
up, an optimization of the chilled water plant can include activities such as: optimizing
CW/CHW setpoints, improving chiller staging, trimming pump impellers, resetting chilled
water supply temperature, and staging cooling tower fan operation.

Energy Management System: The term Energy Management System (EMS) refers to a
complete building control system which usually can include controls for both lighting and
HVAC systems. The HVAC control system may include on\off scheduling and warm-up
routines. The complete lighting and HVAC control systems are generally integrated using a
personal computer and control system software.

EMS Optimization: Energy management systems are frequently underutilized and have
hundreds of minor inefficiencies throughout the system. Optimization of the existing system
frequently results in substantial savings to the measures controlled by the EMS (e.g. lighting,
HVAC) by minimizing waste. Improvements can include: building start-up schedule
adjustments, improving integrated sequence of operations, calibration of sensors, and
relocation of OA sensors.

Cool Roof: The color and material of a building structure surface will determine the amount
of solar radiation absorbed by that surface. By using an appropriate reflective material to coat
the roof, the roof will absorb less solar radiation and consequently reduce the cooling load.

DX Packaged System Efficiency Upgrade: A single-package A/C unit consists of a single
package (or cabinet housing) containing a condensing unit, a compressor, and an indoor
fan/coil. An additional benefit of package units is that there is no need for field-installed
refrigerant piping, thus minimizing labor costs and the possibility of contaminating the
system with dirt, metal, oxides or non-condensing gases. This measure involves installation
of a TIER 2 high-efficiency unit (EER=10.9) as compared to a base case unit with
EER=10.3.

Tune up/Advanced Diagnostics: The assumed tune-up includes cleaning the condenser and
evaporator coils, establishing optimal refrigerant levels, and purging refrigerant loops of
entrained air. The qualifying relative performance range for a tune-up is between 60 and 85
percent of the rated efficiency of the unit. Includes fresh air economizer controls providing
demand control ventilation and consisting of a logic module, enthalpy sensor(s), and CO2
sensors in appropriate applications.

Low-e Windows: Low-e (short for low-emissivity) windows: These windows have thin
metal coatings that permit the entry of short-wave radiation but block the exit of the majority
of the long-wave thermal energy. The energy savings from these measures are due to the
reduced load placed on the primary cooling equipment.




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            Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

Air Handler Optimization: Optimization of a building’s air-handling system is concerned
principally with the proper sizing and configuration of its HVAC units. Energy savings can
result from a variety of improvements, including reduced equipment loads and better
functionality of existing equipment.

Window Film: Reflective window film is an effective way to reduce solar energy gains, thus
reducing mechanical cooling energy consumption. Windows affect building energy use
through thermal heat transfer (U-value), solar heat gains (shading coefficient), daylighting
(visible light transmittance), and air leakage.

Evaporative Pre-cooler: (Emerging Technology) Evaporative pre-cooler pre-cools outdoor
air through an air-to-water heat exchanger so that the outdoor supply air is sensibly cooled
and humidity is not raised. This process is designed to reduce the need for mechanical
cooling by providing a cooler than ambient source of supply outdoor air. The effectiveness of
this measure is highly dependent on the characteristics of the outdoor and the cooling
requirements of the building.

Programmable Thermostat: Setback programmable thermostats are appropriate controls for
HVAC equipment that serve spaces with regular occupied and unoccupied periods, resulting
in long periods of time when heating and cooling setpoints can be adjusted.

Roof / Ceiling Insulation: Thermal insulation is material or combinations of materials that
are used to inhibit the flow of heat energy by conductive, convective, and radiative transfer
modes. By inhibiting the flow of heat energy, thermal insulation can conserve energy by
reducing heat loss or gain of a structure. An important characteristic of insulating materials is
the thermal resistance, or R-value. The R-value of a material is the reciprocal of the time rate
of heat flow through a unit of this material in a direction perpendicular to two areas of
different temperatures.

Installation of Air-Side Economizers: Air-side economizers reduce the energy consumption
associated with cooling by providing access to outside air – when temperatures permit – in
lieu of using mechanical cooling of recirculated indoor air.

10% More Efficient Design (Cooling and Ventilation): This scenario represents a 10
percent reduction in cooling and ventilation power densities and associated energy usage
below current practice. This decrease would be achieved through modest design changes that
focus on better optimization of cooling and ventilation deign and product choices.

30% More Efficient Design (Cooling and Ventilation): (Emerging Technology) This
scenario incorporates all of the savings associated with the 10% improvement case and adds
savings associated with more advanced design practices.

A.2.3 Ventilation

Motor Efficiency Upgrade: Premium-efficiency motors use additional copper to reduce
electrical losses and better magnetic materials to reduce core losses, and are generally built to


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             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

more precise tolerances. Consequently, such motors are more reliable, resulting in reduced
downtime and replacement costs. Premium-efficiency motors may also carry longer
manufacturer’s warranties.

VFD on Motor Installation: Energy usage in HVAC systems can be reduced by installing
electronic variable frequency drives (VFDs) on ventilation fans. VFDs are a far more
efficient method of regulating speed or torque than throttling valves, inlet vanes and fan
dampers. Energy required to operate a fan motor can be reduced as much as 85% during
reduced load conditions by installing a VFD.

Installation of Automated Building Ventilation Control (via Occupancy Sensors, CO2
Sensors, Etc.): Often, usage of a building’s ventilation control goes beyond what is
necessary to maintain a healthy and comfortable environment. A variety of controls can save
energy by limiting the use of the ventilation system to minimum amount necessary. Sensors
that detect critical contaminants activate ventilations systems only when necessary.
Occupancy sensors limit the operation ventilation systems to periods when the building is in
use.

A.2.4 Refrigeration

Motor Efficiency Upgrade for Fans and Compressors: In addition to saving energy,
premium-efficiency motors are more reliable, resulting in reduced downtime and
replacement costs.

Strip Curtains: Installing strip curtains on doorways to walk-in boxes and refrigerated
warehouses can produce energy savings due to decreased infiltration of outside air into the
refrigerated space. Although refrigerated spaces have doors, these doors are often left open,
for example during product delivery and store stocking activities.

Night Covers: Installing film or blanket type night covers on display cases can significantly
reduce the infiltration of warm ambient air into the refrigerated space. This reduction in
display case loads in turn reduces the electric use of the central plant, including compressors
and condensers, thus saving energy. The target market for this measure is small,
independently owned grocery stores and other stores that are typically closed at night and
restock their shelves during the day. The target cases are vertical displays, with a single- or
double-air curtain, and tub (coffin) type cases.

Evaporator Fan Controller for Medium Temperature Walk-Ins: In response to the
temperature setpoint being satisfied in a medium temperature walk-in cooler, evaporator fans
are cycled to maintain minimum necessary air flow, which prevents ice build-up on the
evaporator coils. In conventional systems, fans run constantly whether the temperature
setpoint is satisfied or not.

Variable Speed Compressor Retrofit: A variable speed compressor is a screw or
reciprocating compressor whose current is modulated by a frequency inverter. A controller
senses the compressor suction pressure and modulates the current and therefore the motor


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           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

speed in response to changes in this pressure. When low load conditions exist, the current to
the compressor motor is decreased, decreasing the compressor work done on the refrigerant.

Floating Head Pressure Controls: Floating head pressure controls allow a refrigeration
system to operate under lower condensing temperature and pressure settings, where
compressor operation is most efficient, working against a relatively low head pressure. The
condensing temperature is allowed to float below the design setpoint of, say, 95 deg. F under
lower outdoor temperatures, which in-turn lowers the condensate pressure. In a conventional
system a higher fixed condensing temperature setpoint is used which results in a lowered
capacity for the system, requires extra power, and may overload the compressor motor.
Energy savings can be realized if the refrigeration system head pressure is allowed to float
during periods of low ambient temperature, when the condensing temperature can be
dramatically reduced.

Refrigeration Commissioning: Refrigeration commissioning refers to a process whereby
refrigeration systems are subject to inspection on a variety of criteria to ensure efficiency.
The commissioning process can involve tests that cover a system’s controls for humidity and
temperature, anti-condensation, and heat recovery, among others.

Demand Defrost: Defrost of a refrigeration system is critical to its efficient operation.
Demand defrost uses a pressure-sensing device to activate the defrost cycle when it detects a
significant drop in pressure of the air across the refrigeration coil. Because load during
defrost can be three times that of normal operation, defrosting on demand only – not when an
individual operator deems it necessary – can save energy by minimizing the amount of time
spent on defrosting.

Humidistat Controls: A humidistat control is a control device to turn refrigeration display
case anti-sweat heaters off when ambient relative humidity is low enough that sweating will
not occur. Anti-sweat heaters evaporate moisture by heating the door rails, case frame and
glass of display cases. Savings result from reducing the operating hours of the anti-sweat
heaters, which without a humidistat control generally run continuously. There are various
types of control strategies including cycling on a fixed schedule.

A.2.5 Office Equipment

Power Management Enabling: This measure can be applied to PCs, PC monitors, and
copiers. For PCs and copiers, manual enabling of the power management features is the only
viable solution. For monitors, manual enabling and group enabling via network software are
options.

LCD Monitors: LCDs are becoming more attractive options in terms of quality. However,
because they cost five times more than a comparable CRT, until prices drop, using them
purely as an energy saving measure will not be an option for most desktop users.

External Hardware Controls: Occupancy sensors have been used for years to conserve
energy in office lighting applications. The application has expanded to include other office


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             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

equipment as “plug-load sensors” incorporate an occupancy sensor with a relay that is able to
turn equipment that is plugged into it on or off. The plug-load sensors range from devices
that control a single electrical outlet or piece of equipment, to devices that control multiple
outlets and can work together with other sensors.

Printer Nighttime Shutdown: The simplest action to save printer energy is to shut the
machine off at night. While this recommendation is particularly important for conventional
printers without power management, it is important to turn off ENERGY STAR printers as
well, as they can draw up to 30-45 watts when in low power mode.

A.3 Industrial Measures

A.3.1 Cross-Cutting Electricity Efficiency Measures

Replace motors: This measure refers to the replacement of existing motors with high-
efficiency motors. High-efficiency motors reduce energy losses through improved design,
better materials, tighter tolerances, and improved manufacturing techniques. With proper
installation, high-efficiency motors can run cooler than standard motors and can
consequently have higher service factors, longer bearing life, longer insulation life, and less
vibration.

Adjustable speed drives (ASDs): Adjustable speed drives better match motor speed to load
and can therefore lead to significant energy savings compared to constant speed motors.
Typical energy savings associated with ASDs range from 7-60%.

Motor practices: This measure refers to proper motor maintenance. The purposes of motor
maintenance are to prolong motor life and to foresee a motor failure. Motor maintenance
measures can be categorized as either preventive or predictive. Preventive measures, whose
purpose is to prevent unexpected downtime of motors, include electrical consideration,
voltage imbalance minimization, motor ventilation, alignment, and lubrication, and load
consideration. The purpose of predictive motor maintenance is to observe ongoing motor
temperature, vibration, and other operating data to identify when it becomes necessary to
overhaul or replace a motor before failure occurs. The savings associated with ongoing motor
maintenance could range from 2-30% of total motor system energy use.

Compressed air - operation and maintenance (O&M): Inadequate maintenance can lower
compression efficiency and increase air leakage or pressure variability, as well as lead to
increased operating temperatures, poor moisture control, and excessive contamination.
Improved maintenance will reduce these problems and save energy. Proper maintenance
includes regular motor lubrication, replacement of air lubricant separators, fan and pump
inspection, and filter replacement.

Compressed air – controls: The objective of any control strategy is to shut off unneeded
compressors or delay bringing on additional compressors until needed. Energy savings for
sophisticated controls have been around 12% annually. Available controls for compressed air


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           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study

systems include start/stop, load/unload, throttling, multi-step, variable speed, and network
controls.

Compressed air - system optimization: This is a general measure that refers to compressed
air system improvements (besides sizing, controls, and maintenance) that allow it to perform
at maximum energy efficiency. Such improvements could include reducing leaks, better load
management, minimizing pressure drops throughout the system, reducing air inlet
temperatures, and recovering waste compressor heat for other facility applications.

Compressed air – sizing: This measure refers to the proper sizing of compressors,
regulators, and distribution pipes. Oversizing of compressors can result in wasted energy.
By properly sizing regulators, compressed air will be saved that is otherwise wasted as
excess air. Pipes must be sized correctly for optimal performance or resized to fit the current
compressor system. Increasing pipe diameters typically reduces annual energy consumption
by 3%.

Pumps - operation and maintenance (O&M): Inadequate maintenance can lower pump
system efficiency, cause pumps to wear out more quickly, and increase costs. Better
maintenance will reduce these problems and also save energy. Proper pump system
maintenance includes bearing inspection and repair, bearing lubrication, replacement of worn
impellers, and inspection and replacement of mechanical seals.

Pumps – controls: The objective of pump control strategies is to shut off unneeded pumps
or, alternatively, to reduce pump load until needed. In addition to energy savings, proper
pump control can lead to reduced maintenance costs and increased pump life.

Pumps - system optimization: This is a general measure that refers to pump system
improvements (besides sizing, controls, and maintenance) that allow it to perform at
maximum energy efficiency. Such improvements could include pump demand reduction,
high-efficiency pumps, impeller trimming, and installing multiple pumps for variable loads.

Pumps – sizing: Pumps that are sized inappropriately result in unnecessary losses. Where
peak loads can be reduced, pump size can also be reduced. Replacing oversized pumps with
pumps that are properly sized can save 15-25% of the electricity consumption of a pumping
system (on average for U.S. industry).

Fans - operation and maintenance (O&M): This measure refers to the improvement of
general O&M practice for fans, such as tightening belts, cleaning fans, and changing filters
regularly.

Fans – controls: The objective of fan control strategies is to shut off unneeded fans or,
alternatively, to reduce fan load until needed. In addition to energy savings, proper fan
control can lead to reduced maintenance costs and increased pump life.




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Fans - system optimization: This measure refers to general strategies for optimizing fans
from a systems perspective, and includes such actions as better inlet and outlet design and
reduction of fan sizing, where appropriate.

Fans - improve components: This measure refers to the improvement of fan components,
such as replacing standard v-belts with cog v-belts and upgrading to the most energy efficient
motors possible.

Replace T-12 by T-8 and electronic ballasts: T-12 tubes consume significant amounts of
electricity, and also have extremely poor efficacy, lamp life, lumen depreciation, and color
rendering index. Replacing T-12 lamps with T-8 lamps (smaller diameter) approximately
doubles the efficacy of the former. Electronic ballasts save 12-30% power over their
magnetic predecessors; typical energy savings associated with replacing magnetic ballasts by
electronic ballasts are estimated to be roughly 25%.

Metal halides/fluorescents: Metal halide lamps can replace mercury or fluorescent lamps
with energy savings of 50%. For even further savings, high-intensity fluorescent lamps can
be installed, which can yield 50% electricity savings over standard metal halide (high-
intensity discharge) systems.

Switch off/O&M: Lighting is often left on, even when the area or room is not occupied.
Sensors can be installed (see below), but savings can also be realized by training personnel to
switch off lights (and other equipment) when not needed. Furthermore, adapting switching
to the use pattern of the building will enable to control the lighting in those areas where it is
needed (e.g. in many assembly areas a single switch controls all lighting, even when lighting
would only be needed in a few zones within the assembly hall).

Controls/sensors: Lights can be shut off during non-working hours by automatic controls,
such as occupancy sensors, which turn off lights when a space becomes unoccupied. Manual
controls can also be used in addition to automatic controls to save additional energy in small
areas.

Super T-8s: Super T-8 fluorescent systems are a further development of (standard) T-8
tubes. Super T-8s combine further improvement of the fluorescent tube (e.g. barrier coating,
improved fill, enhanced phosphors) with electronic ballasts in a single system.

HVAC management system: An energy monitoring and control system supports the
efficient operation of HVAC systems by monitoring, controlling, and tracking system energy
consumption. Such systems continuously manage and optimize HVAC system energy
consumption while also providing building engineers and energy managers with a valuable
diagnostic tool for tracking energy consumption and identifying potential HVAC system
problems

Cooling system improvements: The efficiency of chillers can be improved by lowering the
temperature of the condenser water, thereby increasing the chilled water temperature




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differential. This can reduce pumping energy requirements. Another possible efficiency
measure is the installation of separate high-temperature chillers for process cooling.

Duct/pipe insulation/leakage: Duct leakage can waste significant amounts of energy in
HVAC systems. Measures for reducing duct leakage include installing duct insulation and
performing regular duct inspection and maintenance, including ongoing leak detection and
repair. Improved duct and pipe insulation can prevent excessive heat/cooling dissipation,
thereby improving system energy efficiency.

Cooling circulation pumps – variable speed drives (VSDs): Variable speed drives better
match motor speed to load and can therefore lead to significant energy savings compared to
constant speed drives. This measure considers the installation of VSDs on cooling
circulation pumps.

DX tune-up/advanced diagnostics: The tune-up includes cleaning the condenser and
evaporator coils, establishing optimal refrigerant levels, and purging refrigerant loops of
entrained air. The qualifying relative performance range for a tune-up is between 60 and 85
percent of the rated efficiency of the unit. Includes fresh air economizer controls providing
demand control ventilation and consisting of a logic module, enthalpy sensor(s), and CO2
sensors in appropriate applications.

DX packaged system, EER=10.9, 10 tons: A single-package A/C unit consists of a single
package (or cabinet housing) containing a condensing unit, a compressor, and an indoor
fan/coil. An additional benefit of package units is that there is no need for field-installed
refrigerant piping, thus minimizing labor costs and the possibility of contaminating the
system with dirt, metal, oxides or non-condensing gases. This measure involves installation
of a TIER 2 high-efficiency unit (EER=10.9) versus a standard unit (EER=10.3.

Window film: Low-emittance windows are an effective strategy for improving building
insulation. Low-emittance windows can lower the heat transmitted into a building and
therefore increase its insulating ability. There are two types of Low-E glass, high solar
transmitting (for regions with higher winter utility bills) and low solar transmitting (for
regions with higher summer utility bills).

Programmable thermostat: A programmable thermostat allows to control temperature
settings of space heating and cooling, and optimizing settings based on occupancy and use of
the building. This will reduce unnecessary heating and cooling outside hours of building use.
It may also help in building cooling using nighttime cooling.

Chiller O&M/tune up: This measure refers to the proper inspection and maintenance of
chilled water systems. This can include setting correct head pressure, maintaining correct
levels of refrigerant, and selecting and running appropriate compressors for part load. Energy
saving can also be achieved by cleaning the condensers and evaporators to prevent scale
buildup.




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Setback temperatures (weekends and off duty): Setting back building temperatures (i.e.,
turning building temperatures down in winter or up in summer) during periods of non-use,
such as weekends or non-production times, can lead to significant savings in HVAC energy
consumption.

Replace v-belts: Inventory data suggest that 4% of pumps have V-belt drives, many of
which can be replaced with direct couplings to save energy. Based on assessments in several
industries, the savings associated with V-belt replacement are estimated at 4%.

ENERGY STAR transformers: This measure refers to the replacement of existing
transformers, where feasible, by the latest ENERGY STAR certified transformers. ENERGY
STAR transformers ensure a high level of energy efficiency.

A.3.2 Sector-Specific Efficiency Measures (Electricity)

SIC 20 : Food and kindred products

Efficient refrigeration – operations: Refrigeration is an important energy user in the food
industries. Operations of refrigeration systems can be improved by applying appropriate
settings, opening refrigerated space as short as possible, reducing leakage by controlling
doorways, making sure that refrigerated space is used optimally, optimization of defrosting
cycle, as well as other small operational changes.

Optimization refrigeration: The refrigeration system can be optimized by improving the
operation of the compressors, selecting cooling systems with high COP values, reducing
losses in the coolant distribution system, improved insulation of the cooled space, variable
speed drives on cooling system, and optimizing the temperature setting of the cooling
system.

Bakery – process: Process improvements in the bakery can reduce electricity consumption
through selection of energy-efficient equipment for the different processes, optimization of
electric ovens, and good housekeeping (e.g. switching equipment off when not in use).

Bakery – process (mixing): About 35% of electricity in bakeries is used to mix and knead
the dough. When selecting equipment electricity use should be one of the considerations as
energy is the largest cost on a life-cycle basis. Today, energy use is not a criterion. High-
efficiency motors, speed control and other measures may reduce electricity consumption.

SIC 23 : Apparel and other textile products

Drying (UV/IR): This measure refers to the use of direct heating methods, such as infrared
dryers. Direct heating provides significant energy savings because it eliminates the
inefficiency of transferring heat to air and from the air to the wet material. The energy
efficiency of direct heating is about 90%.



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Membranes for wastewater: Membrane technologies focus on separating the water from
the contaminants using semi-permeable membranes and applied pressure differentials.
Membrane filtration of wastewater is typically more energy efficient than evaporation
methods, and can lead to significant reductions in facility freshwater intake.

O&M/drives spinning machines: Electric motors are the single largest electricity user in
spinning mills. Optimization of motor use, proper maintenance procedures (e.g. preventative
maintenance), use of new high-efficiency motors instead of re-winding, switching off
equipment when not in use can help improve energy efficiency.

SIC 25 : Furniture and fixtures

Air conveying systems: Pneumatic or air conveying systems are used to transport material
(e.g. sawdust, fibers) in the lumber industry. Energy efficiency improvement is feasible by
optimizing the lay-out of the systems, reducing leakages, reducing bends in the system, and
improving compressor operations (see also with compressed air systems).

Optimize drying processes: This is a general measure, which refers to the optimization of
drying systems through such actions as the use of controls, heat recovery, insulation, and
good housekeeping/maintenance.

Heat pumps – drying: This measure refers to the recovery of low grade heat from the
drying process via a heat pump, where cost effective.

SIC 26 : Paper and allied products

Gap forming paper machine: The gap former produces a paper of equal and uniform
quality at a higher rate of speed. Coupling the former with a press section rebuild or an
improvement in the drying capacity increases production capacity by as much as 30%.
Energy savings from gap formers come from reduced electricity consumption per ton of
product produced.

High consistency forming: In high consistency forming, the furnish (process pulp) which
enters at the forming stage has more than double the consistency (3%) than normal furnish.
This measure increases forming speed, and reduces dewatering and vacuum power
requirements. Application of this technology is limited to specific paper grades, especially
low-basis weight grades such as tissue, toweling, and newsprint. Electricity savings are
estimated at 8%.

Optimization control PM: Large electric motors are used to run the paper machine.
Optimization of the paper machine will reduce electricity use of the drives. Improved control
strategies will improve throughput, reduce breakage and downtime, improving the energy
efficiency per unit of throughput. Variable speed drives may help to optimize the energy use
in water pumps in the paper machine.




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SIC 27 : Printing and publishing

Efficient practices printing press: Optimizing the use of the printing press by reducing
production losses, switching off of the press when not in use and other improved operational
practices.

Efficient printing press (fewer cylinders): New printing press designs allow the use of
fewer cylinders (or rollers). This reduces the electricity use to drive the printing machine.

Light cylinders: Reducing the weight of the cylinders (or rollers) in the printing machine
will reduce the power needed to drive the machine. Using lightweight materials for cylinders
has been demonstrated in Europe.

SIC 28 : Chemicals and allied products

Clean room – controls: Reduced recirculation air change rates, while still meeting quality
control and regulatory standards can reduce energy use, optimized chilled water systems,
reduction of cleanroom exhaust, and, occasionally, a cleanroom is classified at a higher
cleanliness level than is necessary for its current use, and by declassifying energy can be
saved.

Clean room – new designs: When designing a clean room, energy use should be a primary
consideration. Benchmarking tools and design tools are being developed to help improve the
energy efficiency of new cleanroom systems. Furthermore, in the design phase the system
can be optimized for improved air filtration quality and efficiency, and the use of cooling
towers in lieu of water chillers.

Process controls (batch + site): This is a general measure to implement computer-based
process controls, where applicable, to monitor and optimize various processes from an
energy consumption perspective. In general, by monitoring key process parameters,
processes can be fine tuned to minimize energy consumption while still meeting quality and
productivity requirements. Control systems can also reduce the time required to perform
complex tasks and can often improve product quality and consistency while optimizing
process operations. This measure could include the installation of controls based on neural
networks, knowledge based systems, or improved sensor technology.

Power recovery: Various processes run at elevated pressures, enabling the opportunity for
power recovery from the pressure in the flue gas. The major application for power recovery
in the petroleum refinery is the fluid catalytic cracker (FCC). However, power recovery can
also be applied to hydrocrackers or other equipment operated at elevated pressures. A power
recovery turbine or turbo expander is used to recover energy from the pressure. The
recovered energy can be used to drive the FCC compressor or to generate power.

Efficient desalter: Alternative designs for desalting include multi-stage desalters and a
combination of AC and DC fields. These alternative designs may lead to increased efficiency
and lower energy consumption.


Appendix A                                                                              A-19
           Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



SIC 30 : Rubber and misc. plastics products

O&M – extruders/injection molding: Improved operation and maintenance procedures of
extruders, optimization of extruder settings, optimization of the extruder screw shape,
optimization of the shape/thickness of the product, and reduction of standby time.

Extruders/injection molding – multipump: The use of multiple pumps and an appropriate
control system allow to reduce energy use of the extruder when not working at full capacity,
only using the pump(s) needed.

Direct drive extruders: Use of a direct drive, instead of a gearbox or belt, will reduce the
losses by approximately 15% in extruders.

Injection molding – impulse cooling: Impulse cooling regulates the cooling water use
increasing the cooling rate and reducing productivity (and downtime).

Injection molding – direct drive: Use of a direct drive, instead of a gearbox or belt, will
reduce the losses by approximately 20% in injection molding machines.

SIC 32 : Stone, clay, glass, and concrete products

Efficient grinding: This is a general measure that refers to efficient grinding technologies,
which can include the use of high-efficiency classifiers or separators.

Top-heating (glass): Most electric furnaces use electrodes in the batch to melt the raw
materials into glass. Newer designs with top-mounted electrodes can improve and maintain
product quality, and obtain a higher share of salable glass, which leads to lower energy
intensities (energy per kg of glass produced).

Autoclave optimization: In various processes autoclaves are used to press materials.
Multiple autoclaves are used. By synchronizing the time of the use of the individual
autoclaves, energy can be reduced by re-using the output of one to operate the other
autoclave.

SIC 33 : Primary metal industries

Efficient electric melting: Electric arc furnaces are used in the steel industry to melt scrap.
Only one minimill is operating in California. Multiple options are available to reduce the
electricity consumption of the furnace, e.g. foamy slag, oxy-fuel injection, improved
transformers, eccentric bottom tapping (EBT), as well as scrap preheating.

Near net shape casting: Near net shape casting is the direct casting of the metal into very
nearly the final shape, thereby eliminating other processing steps such as hot rolling, which
can lead to significant energy savings.


A-20                                                                               Appendix A
             Public Service New Mexico Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study



SIC 38 : Instruments and related products

Optimization process (M&T): This is a general measure for optimizing the efficiency of
painting processes, via such actions as the use of process controls, proper maintenance, and
reducing the airflow rates in paint booths.

Scheduling: Optimization of the scheduling of various pieces of equipment can reduce
downtime and hence save energy. Furthermore, improved control strategies can reduce
standby energy use of equipment as part of an optimized scheduling system.

Efficient curing ovens: Efficiency options for curing ovens include the optimization of
oven insulation, the use of heat recovery techniques, and the use of direct heating methods,
such as infrared heating, microwave heating, and ultraviolet heating.

Machinery: Many machines (e.g. metal processing) use electricity or compressed air to
drive the equipment. The use of compressed air systems should be minimized and replaced
by direct drive systems, because of the low efficiency of the compressed air supply.
Furthermore, many machines do not use high-efficiency motors or speed controls.

SIC 36 : Electrical and electronic products

Efficient processes (welding, etc.): New more power efficient welding technology is
developed. For welding robots, new servo-based systems reduce energy use. See also new
transformers welding (see section 1.1).

SIC 39 : Misc. manufacturing industries

Process heating: Induction furnaces are often used for electric process heating. Improved
operation and maintenance can reduce part-load operation, downtime and tap-to-tap time.
Furthermore, high-frequency induction furnaces improve energy use.




Appendix A                                                                             A-21
Appendix B
Measure Inputs
                                                                                                                                      B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing




MEASURE COSTS                                                                                                                              NPV of                                              Full = 1                                                                                                Implementatio
                                                                                                                    Unit       Unit        Lifetime   Implementation   Cost Units              Incr. = 0                 Full                                                                          Type
                                                                                         Savings      Cost        Equipment   Labor         O&M           Cost         per Savings   Service       Initial   Replace     Unit      Relative Energy Reduction Factors                                   1=1 time
 Segment   Measure # Measure Description                                                  Units       Units         Cost      Cost          Cost         Factor           Unit        Life         Cost       Cost       Cost          SP           SOP          WP     WOP    n/a    n/a    End Use   2=ROB
   1         100     Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                          home            ton        $549.55                               $549.55          1           18            1         1         $549.55      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         102     15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                                home            ton        $734.79                               $734.79          1           18            0         0         $734.79      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         103     17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                                home            ton        $920.03                               $920.03          1           18            0         0         $920.03      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         105     Programmable Thermostat                                             home            unit        $56.37    $16.96                      $73.33          1           12            1         1          $73.33      0.80          1.10         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         106     Evaporative Cooler                                                  home            unit       $813.44                  $0.00        $813.44          1           15            1         1         $813.44      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         110     Ceiling Fans                                                        home            unit        $80.00    $40.00                     $120.00          1           10            1         1         $120.00      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         111     Whole House Fans                                                    home            unit       $400.56   $295.32                     $695.88          1           15            1         1         $695.88      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         112     Attic Venting                                                       home            unit        $41.00   $100.00                     $141.00          1           10            1         1         $141.00      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         113     Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                            home            ton         $10.36    $28.00                      $38.36          1           10            1         1          $38.36      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         114     Duct Repair (0.32)                                                  home            unit       $144.00                               $144.00          1           20            1         1         $144.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         115     Window Film                                                         home      square foot        $1.49     $0.64                       $2.13          1           10            1         1           $2.13      0.80          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         116     Default Window With Sunscreen                                       home      square foot        $0.63     $0.64                       $1.27          1           10            1         1           $1.27      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         117     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows              home      square foot        $0.50                                 $0.50          1           20            1         1           $0.50      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         118     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows             home      square foot        $2.10                                 $2.10          1           20            1         1           $2.10      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         120     Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation(.29)                                 home      square foot        $0.15                                 $0.15          1           20            1         1           $0.15      0.80          1.05         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         121     Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                               home      square foot        $0.15                                 $0.15          1           20            1         1           $0.15      0.75          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         122     Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                      home      square foot        $0.18                                 $0.18          1           20            1         1           $0.18      1.13          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         130     Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                      home            unit       $813.44   $814.12                   $1,627.56          1           15            1         1       $1,627.56      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         140     Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                                 home            unit       $400.00                               $400.00          1           15            1         1         $400.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         141     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                    home            unit       $508.00                               $508.00          1           15            0         0         $508.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         142     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                    home            unit       $674.99                               $674.99          1           15            0         0         $674.99      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         143     Programmable Thermostat                                             home            unit        $56.37    $16.96                      $73.33          1           12            1         1          $73.33      0.80          1.10         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         144     Evaporative Cooler                                                  home            unit       $369.00                               $369.00          1           15            1         1         $369.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         145     Ceiling Fans                                                        home            unit        $80.00    $40.00                     $120.00          1           10            1         1         $120.00      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         146     Whole House Fans                                                    home            unit       $400.56   $295.32                     $695.88          1           10            1         1         $695.88      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         147     Attic Venting                                                       home            unit        $41.00   $100.00                     $141.00          1           10            1         1         $141.00      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         148     Window Film                                                         home      square foot        $1.49     $0.64                       $2.13          1           20            1         1           $2.13      0.80          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         150     Default Window With Sunscreen                                       home      square foot        $0.63     $0.64                       $1.27          1           20            1         1           $1.27      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         151     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows              home      square foot        $0.50                                 $0.50          1           20            1         1           $0.50      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         152     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows             home      square foot        $2.10                                 $2.10          1           20            1         1           $2.10      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         153     Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation (.29)                                home      square foot        $0.15                                 $0.15          1           20            1         1           $0.15      0.80          1.05         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         154     Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                               home      square foot        $0.15                                 $0.15          1           20            1         1           $0.15      0.75          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         155     Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                      home      square foot        $0.13                                 $0.13          1           20            1         1           $0.13      1.13          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         180     Base Furnace Fan                                                    home            unit         $0.00                                 $0.00          1           18            1         1           $0.00      0.85          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     10             1
   1         181     Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                          home            unit       $175.00                               $175.00          1           18            1         1         $175.00      0.60          0.60         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     10             2
   1         200     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                    lamp          lamp          $0.61                                 $0.61          1         1,000           1         1           $0.61      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         201     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                           lamp          lamp          $5.00                                 $5.00          1         8,000           1         1           $5.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         210     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                    lamp          lamp          $0.61                                 $0.61          1         1,000           1         1           $0.61      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         211     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                           lamp          lamp          $5.00                                 $5.00          1         8,000           1         1           $5.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         220     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                    lamp          lamp          $0.61                                 $0.61          1         1,000           1         1           $0.61      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         221     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                           lamp          lamp          $5.00                                 $5.00          1         8,000           1         1           $5.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         230     Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                      fixture       fixture       $12.00                                $12.00          1         45,000          1         1          $12.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         231     ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                     fixture       fixture       $20.00                                $20.00          1         70,000          0         0          $20.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              2
   1         232     RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                     fixture       fixture       $20.00                                $20.00          1         70,000          1         1          $20.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         300     Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice     unit          unit       $537.75     $0.00                     $537.75          1           18            1         1         $537.75      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              2
   1         301     HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                        unit          unit       $698.67     $0.00                     $698.67          1           18            0         0         $698.67      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              2
   1         310     Base Early Replacement Refrigerator                                   unit          unit         $0.00     $0.00                       $0.00          1           10            1         1           $0.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         311     Refrigerator - Early Replacement                                      unit          unit       $100.00     $0.00                     $100.00          1           10            1         1         $100.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         400     Base Freezer                                                          unit          unit       $500.00     $0.00                     $500.00          1           15            1         1         $500.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2
   1         401     HE Freezer                                                            unit          unit       $575.00     $0.00                     $575.00          1           15            0         0         $575.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2
   1         500     Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                  unit          unit       $251.11                               $251.11          1           15            1         1         $251.11      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5              2
   1         501     Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                       unit          unit     $1,539.13   $122.83                   $1,661.96          1           10            0         0       $1,661.96      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5              2
   1         502     HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                             unit          unit       $323.41                               $323.41          1           15            0         0         $323.41      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5              2
   1         503     Solar Water Heat                                                      unit          unit     $3,850.00                             $3,850.00          1           20            1         1       $3,850.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5              2
   1         504     Tankless Water Heater                                                 unit          unit       $789.30                               $789.30          1           20            0         0         $789.30      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5              2
   1         505     Low Flow Showerhead                                                   unit          unit        $22.95    $15.00                      $37.95          1           10            1         1          $37.95      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5              1
   1         506     Pipe Wrap                                                             unit     linear foot       $0.37     $2.44                       $2.81          1           15            1         1           $2.81      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5              1
   1         507     Faucet Aerators                                                       unit          unit         $7.12     $5.58                      $12.70          1           9             1         1          $12.70      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5              1
   1         508     Water Heater Blanket                                                  unit          unit        $14.00    $10.00                      $24.00          1           13            1         1          $24.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5              1
   1         600     Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                         unit          unit       $449.00     $0.00                     $449.00          1           14            1         1         $449.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     6              2
   1         601     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                  unit          unit       $773.00     $0.00                     $773.00          1           14            0         0         $773.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     6              2
   1         602     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                  unit          unit       $823.00     $0.00                     $823.00          1           14            0         0         $823.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     6              2
   1         700     Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                          unit          unit       $319.02     $0.00                     $319.02          1           18            1         1         $319.02      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     7              2
   1         710     High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                        unit          unit       $557.25     $0.00                     $557.25          1           18            0         0         $557.25      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     7              2
   1         800     Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                             unit          unit       $292.65     $0.00                     $292.65          1           13            1         1         $292.65      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     8              2
   1         801     Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                              unit          unit       $426.30     $0.00                     $426.30          1           13            0         0         $426.30      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     8              2
   1         900     Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                     unit          unit       $345.03     $0.00                     $345.03          1           10            1         1         $345.03      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     9              2
   1         901     Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                          unit          unit       $527.21     $0.00                     $527.21          1           10            0         0         $527.21      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     9              2
   1         902     High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                          unit          unit       $395.94     $0.00                     $395.94          1           10            0         0         $395.94      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     9              2




                                                                                                                                                           B.1 - 1
                                                          B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

BASE TECHNOLOGY EUIs
(kWh/square foot)
                                                                                 North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment     Measure # Measure Description                                     Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1          100     Base 10 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                    1338           442            2297             822            2915            1120
     1          130     Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                441           146             758             271             962             370
     1          140     Base Room Air Conditioner                                     602           339            1154             628            1577             878
     1          180     Resistance Space Heating                                      476           292             412             274             321             210
     1          200     Base Lighting, 0.5 hr/hday                                     71            22              71              22              71              22
     1          210     Base Lighting, 2.5 hr/hday                                    631           196             631             196             631             196
     1          220     Base Lighting, 6.0 hr/hday                                    342           106             342             106             342             106
     1          230     Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                156            54             156              54             156              54
     1          300     Base Refrigerator                                             924           903             924             903             924             903
     1          310     Base Early Replacement Refrigerator                          1500          1500            1500            1500            1500            1500
     1          400     Base Freezer                                                 1132           833            1132             833            1132             833
     1          500     Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                         3659          2978            3397            2765            3158            2570
     1          600     Base Clotheswasher (EF=1.18)                                  972           858             909             802             852             750
     1          700     Base Clothes Dryer (EF=.46)                                   863           634             863             634             863             634
     1          800     Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                     906           682             863             646             823             613
     1          900     Base Pool Pump                                               2468                          2468                            2468




                                                                           B.1 - 2
                                                        B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)
                                                                                    North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
Segment     Measure #   Measure Description                                       Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1         100      Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                      0.0%          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         102      15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                           13.3%         13.3%            13.3%           13.3%           13.3%           13.3%
     1         103      17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                           23.5%         23.5%            23.5%           23.5%           23.5%           23.5%
     1         105      Programmable Thermostat                                         2.0%          2.0%             2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%
     1         106      Evaporative Cooler                                             58.0%         58.0%            58.0%           58.0%           58.0%           58.0%
     1         110      Ceiling Fans                                                    5.0%          5.0%             5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
     1         111      Whole House Fans                                                9.1%         19.0%             9.1%           19.0%            9.1%           19.0%
     1         112      Attic Venting                                                  11.0%          9.1%            11.0%            9.1%           11.0%            9.1%
     1         113      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                       12.6%         10.9%            12.6%           10.9%           12.6%           10.9%
     1         114      Duct Repair (0.32)                                              8.1%          6.0%             8.1%            6.0%            8.1%            6.0%
     1         115      Window Film                                                    20.5%         37.9%            20.5%           37.9%           20.5%           37.9%
     1         116      Default Window With Sunscreen                                  13.3%         29.9%            13.3%           29.9%           13.3%           29.9%
     1         117      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows         29.6%         19.8%            21.6%           15.9%           17.2%           12.7%
     1         118      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows        32.4%         22.2%            25.2%           19.1%           21.0%           15.8%
     1         120      Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation(.29)                            24.5%         53.0%            24.5%           38.7%           20.8%           29.3%
     1         121      Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                           2.3%         10.9%             3.1%            8.6%            3.0%            6.6%
     1         122      Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                  4.3%         11.1%            10.7%           12.1%           11.0%           10.8%
     1         130      Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                  0.0%          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         140      Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                             0.0%          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         141      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                               18.1%         18.2%            18.2%           18.2%           18.2%           18.2%
     1         142      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                               24.9%         25.0%            25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%
     1         143      Programmable Thermostat                                         2.0%          2.0%             2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%
     1         144      Evaporative Cooler                                             58.0%         58.0%            58.0%           58.0%           58.0%           58.0%
     1         145      Ceiling Fans                                                    5.0%          5.0%             5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
     1         146      Whole House Fans                                                9.1%         19.0%             9.1%           19.0%            9.1%           19.0%
     1         147      Attic Venting                                                  11.0%          9.1%            11.0%            9.1%           11.0%            9.1%
     1         148      Window Film                                                    20.5%         37.9%            20.5%           37.9%           20.5%           37.9%
     1         150      Default Window With Sunscreen                                  13.3%         29.9%            13.3%           29.9%           13.3%           29.9%
     1         151      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows         30.8%         42.6%            21.9%           33.1%           15.3%           24.7%
     1         152      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows        33.8%         44.4%            25.9%           35.7%           18.7%           27.4%
     1         153      Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation (.29)                           22.7%         52.6%            20.3%           37.7%           14.5%           28.2%
     1         154      Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                           2.7%         10.9%             2.9%            8.5%            2.3%            6.4%
     1         155      Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                  4.3%         11.2%             8.4%           12.0%            6.7%           10.6%
     1         180      Base Furnace Fan                                                0.0%          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         181      Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                     50.0%         50.0%            50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%




                                                                             B.1 - 3
                                                             B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)
                                                                                              North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
Segment     Measure #   Measure Description                                                 Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1         200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                       0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                             75.0%            75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
     1         210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                       0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                             75.0%            75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
     1         220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                       0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                             75.0%            75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
     1         230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                        28.0%            28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%
     1         232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                        28.0%            28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%
     1         300      Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice       0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         301      HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                         15.0%            15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%
     1         310      Base Early Replacement Refrigerator                                     0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         311      Refrigerator - Early Replacement                                       40.0%            40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%
     1         400      Base Freezer                                                            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         401      HE Freezer                                                             15.0%            15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%
     1         500      Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                    0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         501      Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                        69.7%            69.7%           69.7%           69.7%           69.7%           69.7%
     1         502      HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                               5.4%             5.4%            5.4%            5.4%            5.4%            5.4%
     1         503      Solar Water Heat                                                       70.0%            70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%
     1         504      Tankless Water Heater                                                  20.0%            20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
     1         505      Low Flow Showerhead                                                     7.5%             7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%
     1         506      Pipe Wrap                                                               2.0%             2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%
     1         507      Faucet Aerators                                                         3.0%             3.0%            3.0%            3.0%            3.0%            3.0%
     1         508      Water Heater Blanket                                                   10.0%            10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
     1         600      Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                           0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         601      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                   70.5%            70.5%           70.5%           70.5%           70.5%           70.5%
     1         602      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                   78.4%            78.4%           78.4%           78.4%           78.4%           78.4%
     1         700      Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         710      High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                         15.0%            15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%
     1         800      Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                               0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         801      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                               26.0%            26.0%           26.0%           26.0%           26.0%           26.0%
     1         900      Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                       0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     1         901      Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                           49.0%            49.0%           49.0%           49.0%           49.0%           49.0%
     1         902      High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                           25.0%            25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%




                                                                                    B.1 - 4
                                                       B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)
                                                                                  North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                       Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1        100     Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                     100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        102     15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                            69.2%         69.2%           69.2%           69.2%           69.2%           69.2%
     1        103     17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                            69.2%         69.2%           69.2%           69.2%           69.2%           69.2%
     1        105     Programmable Thermostat                                        100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        106     Evaporative Cooler                                             100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        110     Ceiling Fans                                                   100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        111     Whole House Fans                                               100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        112     Attic Venting                                                  100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        113     Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                       100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        114     Duct Repair (0.32)                                             100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        115     Window Film                                                    100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        116     Default Window With Sunscreen                                  100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        117     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows         100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        118     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows        100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        120     Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation(.29)                            100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        121     Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                          100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        122     Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                 100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        130     Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                 100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        140     Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                            100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        141     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                96.4%         93.1%           96.4%           93.1%           96.4%           93.1%
     1        142     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                96.4%         93.1%           96.4%           93.1%           96.4%           93.1%
     1        143     Programmable Thermostat                                        100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        144     Evaporative Cooler                                             100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        145     Ceiling Fans                                                   100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        146     Whole House Fans                                               100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        147     Attic Venting                                                  100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        148     Window Film                                                    100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        150     Default Window With Sunscreen                                  100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        151     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows         100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        152     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows        100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        153     Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation (.29)                           100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        154     Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                          100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        155     Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                 100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        180     Base Furnace Fan                                               100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        181     Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                     100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                           B.1 - 5
                                                            B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)
                                                                                            North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                                 Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1        200     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        201     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        210     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        211     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        220     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        221     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        230     Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        231     ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        232     RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        300     Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        301     HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                          85.6%           85.6%           85.6%           85.6%           85.6%           85.6%
     1        310     Base Early Replacement Refrigerator                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        311     Refrigerator - Early Replacement                                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        400     Base Freezer                                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        401     HE Freezer                                                              80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%
     1        500     Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        501     Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        502     HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        503     Solar Water Heat                                                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        504     Tankless Water Heater                                                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        505     Low Flow Showerhead                                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        506     Pipe Wrap                                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        507     Faucet Aerators                                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        508     Water Heater Blanket                                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        600     Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%
     1        601     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                    82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%
     1        602     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                    82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%
     1        700     Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        710     High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        800     Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        801     Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        900     Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        901     Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        902     High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                                   B.1 - 6
                                                       B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                  North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                       Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1        100     Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                     11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        102     15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                           11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        103     17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                           11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        105     Programmable Thermostat                                        11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        106     Evaporative Cooler                                             11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        110     Ceiling Fans                                                   11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        111     Whole House Fans                                               11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        112     Attic Venting                                                  11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        113     Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                       11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        114     Duct Repair (0.32)                                             11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        115     Window Film                                                    11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        116     Default Window With Sunscreen                                  11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        117     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows         11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        118     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows        11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        120     Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation(.29)                            11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        121     Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                          11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        122     Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                 11.3%         23.6%            11.3%           23.6%           11.3%           23.6%
     1        130     Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                 59.6%         41.8%            59.6%           41.8%           59.6%          41.82%
     1        140     Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                             3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%           4.24%
     1        141     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        142     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        143     Programmable Thermostat                                         3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        144     Evaporative Cooler                                              3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        145     Ceiling Fans                                                    3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        146     Whole House Fans                                                3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        147     Attic Venting                                                   3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        148     Window Film                                                     3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        150     Default Window With Sunscreen                                   3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        151     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        152     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        153     Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation (.29)                            3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        154     Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                           3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        155     Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                  3.6%          4.2%             3.6%            4.2%            3.6%            4.2%
     1        180     Base Furnace Fan                                               67.6%         72.7%            67.6%           72.7%           67.6%           72.7%
     1        181     Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                     67.6%         72.7%            67.6%           72.7%           67.6%           72.7%




                                                                           B.1 - 7
                                                            B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                            North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                                 Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1        200     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        201     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        210     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        211     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        220     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        221     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        230     Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                          62.9%           47.3%           62.9%           47.3%           62.9%           47.3%
     1        231     ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         62.9%           47.3%           62.9%           47.3%           62.9%           47.3%
     1        232     RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         62.9%           47.3%           62.9%           47.3%           62.9%           47.3%
     1        300     Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice       98.4%           98.2%           98.4%           98.2%           98.4%           98.2%
     1        301     HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                          98.4%           98.2%           98.4%           98.2%           98.4%           98.2%
     1        310     Base Early Replacement Refrigerator                                     32.9%            7.9%           32.9%            7.9%           32.9%            7.9%
     1        311     Refrigerator - Early Replacement                                        32.9%            7.9%           32.9%            7.9%           32.9%            7.9%
     1        400     Base Freezer                                                            20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
     1        401     HE Freezer                                                              20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
     1        500     Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                    12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%
     1        501     Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                         12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%
     1        502     HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                               12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%
     1        503     Solar Water Heat                                                        12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%
     1        504     Tankless Water Heater                                                   12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%
     1        505     Low Flow Showerhead                                                     12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%
     1        506     Pipe Wrap                                                               12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%
     1        507     Faucet Aerators                                                         12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%
     1        508     Water Heater Blanket                                                    12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%           12.3%           25.5%
     1        600     Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                           12.0%           16.0%           12.0%           16.0%           12.0%           16.0%
     1        601     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                    12.0%           16.0%           12.0%           16.0%           12.0%           16.0%
     1        602     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                    12.0%           16.0%           12.0%           16.0%           12.0%           16.0%
     1        700     Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                            65.5%           47.9%           65.5%           47.9%           65.5%           47.9%
     1        710     High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                          65.5%           47.9%           65.5%           47.9%           65.5%           47.9%
     1        800     Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                                7.9%           12.7%            7.9%           12.7%            7.9%           12.7%
     1        801     Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                 7.5%           12.8%            7.5%           12.8%            7.5%           12.8%
     1        900     Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                        4.7%                            4.7%                            4.7%
     1        901     Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                             4.7%                            4.7%                            4.7%
     1        902     High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                             4.7%                            4.7%                            4.7%




                                                                                   B.1 - 8
                                                       B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

INCOMPLETE FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                   North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                        Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1        100      Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                     100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        102      15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                            97.5%         97.5%           97.5%           97.5%           97.5%           97.5%
     1        103      17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                            99.0%         99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%
     1        105      Programmable Thermostat                                         48.0%         77.0%           45.0%           74.0%           45.0%           74.0%
     1        106      Evaporative Cooler                                             100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        110      Ceiling Fans                                                    45.9%         61.8%           45.9%           61.8%           45.9%           61.8%
     1        111      Whole House Fans                                                98.0%         97.6%           98.0%           97.6%           98.0%           97.6%
     1        112      Attic Venting                                                   69.8%         90.9%           69.8%           90.9%           69.8%           90.9%
     1        113      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                        50.0%         50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
     1        114      Duct Repair (0.32)                                              50.0%         50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
     1        115      Window Film                                                     80.0%         80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%
     1        116      Default Window With Sunscreen                                   90.5%         93.3%           90.5%           93.3%           90.5%           93.3%
     1        117      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows         92.7%         97.0%            92.7%           97.0%           92.7%           97.0%
     1        118      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows        95.0%         99.0%           95.0%            99.0%           95.0%           99.0%
     1        120      Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation(.29)                             33.0%         33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%
     1        121      Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                           87.0%         87.0%           87.0%           87.0%           87.0%           87.0%
     1        122      Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                  53.6%         72.1%           53.6%           72.1%           53.6%           72.1%
     1        130      Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                 100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        140      Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                            100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        141      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                90.0%         90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
     1        142      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                95.0%         95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     1        143      Programmable Thermostat                                         45.9%         61.8%           45.9%           61.8%           45.9%           61.8%
     1        144      Evaporative Cooler                                             100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        145      Ceiling Fans                                                    45.9%         61.8%           45.9%           61.8%           45.9%           61.8%
     1        146      Whole House Fans                                                98.0%         97.6%           98.0%           97.6%           98.0%           97.6%
     1        147      Attic Venting                                                   69.8%         90.9%           69.8%           90.9%           69.8%           90.9%
     1        148      Window Film                                                     80.0%         80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%
     1        150      Default Window With Sunscreen                                   90.5%         93.3%           90.5%           93.3%           90.5%           93.3%
     1        151      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows         92.7%         97.0%            92.7%           97.0%           92.7%           97.0%
     1        152      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows        95.0%         95.0%           95.0%            95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     1        153      Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation (.29)                            30.0%         30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%
     1        154      Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                           87.0%         87.0%           87.0%           87.0%           87.0%           87.0%
     1        155      Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                  53.6%         72.1%           53.6%           72.1%           53.6%           72.1%
     1        180      Base Furnace Fan                                               100.0%        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        181      Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                      95.0%         95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%




                                                                            B.1 - 9
                                                            B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

INCOMPLETE FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                             North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                                  Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1        200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                              92.9%           93.1%           92.9%           93.1%           92.9%           93.1%
     1        210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                              92.9%           93.1%           92.9%           93.1%           92.9%           93.1%
     1        220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                              92.9%           93.1%           92.9%           93.1%           92.9%           93.1%
     1        230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     1        232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     1        300      Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        301      HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                          90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
     1        310      Base Early Replacement Refrigerator                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        311      Refrigerator - Early Replacement                                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        400      Base Freezer                                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        401      HE Freezer                                                              90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
     1        500      Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        501      Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                         99.6%           99.4%           99.6%           99.4%           99.6%           99.4%
     1        502      HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                               95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     1        503      Solar Water Heat                                                        98.7%          100.0%           98.7%          100.0%           98.7%          100.0%
     1        504      Tankless Water Heater                                                   99.0%           99.4%           99.0%           99.4%           99.0%           99.4%
     1        505      Low Flow Showerhead                                                     57.6%           77.6%           57.6%           77.6%           57.6%           77.6%
     1        506      Pipe Wrap                                                               80.1%           86.1%           80.1%           86.1%           80.1%           86.1%
     1        507      Faucet Aerators                                                         69.9%           81.8%           69.9%           81.8%           69.9%           81.8%
     1        508      Water Heater Blanket                                                    70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%
     1        600      Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        601      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                    85.6%           93.9%           85.6%           93.9%           85.6%           93.9%
     1        602      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                    95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     1        700      Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        710      High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                          90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
     1        800      Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        801      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%
     1        900      Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     1        901      Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                            99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%
     1        902      High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                            99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%




                                                                                   B.1 - 10
                                                       B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

FEASIBILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                   North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                        Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1        100      Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                     100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        102      15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                           100%            50%             80%             50%             80%             50%
     1        103      17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                           100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        105      Programmable Thermostat                                        100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        106      Evaporative Cooler                                              50%            50%             50%             50%             50%             50%
     1        110      Ceiling Fans                                                   100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        111      Whole House Fans                                                75%            25%             75%             25%             75%             25%
     1        112      Attic Venting                                                   80%            25%             80%             25%             80%             25%
     1        113      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                       100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        114      Duct Repair (0.32)                                             100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        115      Window Film                                                    100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        116      Default Window With Sunscreen                                  100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        117      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows         100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        118      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows        100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        120      Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation(.29)                             75%            75%             75%             75%             75%             75%
     1        121      Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                           80%            80%             80%             80%             80%             80%
     1        122      Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                 100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        130      Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                 100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        140      Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                            100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        141      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                               100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        142      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                               100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        143      Programmable Thermostat                                        100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        144      Evaporative Cooler                                              50%            50%             50%             50%             50%             50%
     1        145      Ceiling Fans                                                   100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        146      Whole House Fans                                                75%            25%             75%             25%             75%             25%
     1        147      Attic Venting                                                   80%            25%             80%             25%             80%             25%
     1        148      Window Film                                                    100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        150      Default Window With Sunscreen                                  100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        151      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows         100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        152      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows        100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        153      Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation (.29)                            75%            75%             75%             75%             75%             75%
     1        154      Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                           80%            80%             80%             80%             80%             80%
     1        155      Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                 100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        180      Base Furnace Fan                                               100%           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        181      Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                      75%            75%             75%             75%             75%             75%




                                                                           B.1 - 11
                                                            B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

FEASIBILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                             North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                                  Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1        200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                       100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                               50%             50%             50%             50%             50%             50%
     1        210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                       100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                               50%             50%             50%             50%             50%             50%
     1        220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                       100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                               50%             50%             50%             50%             50%             50%
     1        230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                          100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        300      Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice       100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        301      HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                          100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        310      Base Early Replacement Refrigerator                                     100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        311      Refrigerator - Early Replacement                                        100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        400      Base Freezer                                                            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        401      HE Freezer                                                              100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        500      Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                    100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        501      Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                          50%             50%             50%             50%             50%             50%
     1        502      HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                               100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        503      Solar Water Heat                                                         75%             75%             75%             75%             75%             75%
     1        504      Tankless Water Heater                                                    75%             75%             75%             75%             75%             75%
     1        505      Low Flow Showerhead                                                      80%             80%             80%             80%             80%             80%
     1        506      Pipe Wrap                                                                75%             75%             75%             75%             75%             75%
     1        507      Faucet Aerators                                                          90%             90%             90%             90%             90%             90%
     1        508      Water Heater Blanket                                                     60%             60%             60%             60%             60%             60%
     1        600      Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                           100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        601      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                    100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        602      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                    100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        700      Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        710      High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                          100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        800      Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                               100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        801      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        900      Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                       100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        901      Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     1        902      High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%            100%




                                                                                   B.1 - 12
                                                          B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

TECHNOLOGY SATURATION
(units/home)
                                                                                      North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment       Measure # Measure Description                                        Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1           100      Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                       3               2              3                2              3                2
     1           102      15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                             3               2              3                2              3                2
     1           103      17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                             3               2              3                2              3                2
     1           105      Programmable Thermostat                                          1               1              1                1              1                1
     1           106      Evaporative Cooler                                               1               1              1                1              1                1
     1           110      Ceiling Fans                                                    1.5             1.0            1.5              1.0            1.5              1.0
     1           111      Whole House Fans                                                 1               1              1                1              1                1
     1           112      Attic Venting                                                    1               1              1                1              1                1
     1           113      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                         3               2              3                2              3                2
     1           114      Duct Repair (0.32)                                               1               1              1                1              1                1
     1           115      Window Film                                                     250             56             250              56             250              56
     1           116      Default Window With Sunscreen                                   250             56             250              56             250              56
     1           117      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          333             75             333              75             333              75
     1           118      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         333             75             333              75             333              75
     1           120      Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation(.29)                            1,887          1,087           1,887           1,087           1,887           1,087
     1           121      Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                          1,887          1,087           1,887           1,087           1,887           1,087
     1           122      Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                 2,667           600            2,667            600            2,667            600
     1           130      Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                   1               1              1                1              1                1
     1           140      Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                             1.2            1.04            1.2             1.04            1.2             1.04
     1           141      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                1.2            1.04            1.2             1.04            1.2             1.04
     1           142      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                1.2            1.04            1.2             1.04            1.2             1.04
     1           143      Programmable Thermostat                                         1.0             1.0            1.0              1.0            1.0              1.0
     1           144      Evaporative Cooler                                              1.0             1.0            1.0              1.0            1.0              1.0
     1           145      Ceiling Fans                                                    1.5             1.5            1.5              1.5            1.5              1.5
     1           146      Whole House Fans                                                 1               1              1                1              1                1
     1           147      Attic Venting                                                    1               1              1                1              1                1
     1           148      Window Film                                                     250             56             250              56             250              56
     1           150      Default Window With Sunscreen                                   250             56             250              56             250              56
     1           151      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          333             75             333              75             333              75
     1           152      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         333             75             333              75             333              75
     1           153      Ceiling R-0 to R-19 Insulation (.29)                           1,887          1,087           1,887           1,087           1,887           1,087
     1           154      Ceiling R-19 to R-38 Insulation (.27)                          1,887          1,087           1,887           1,087           1,887           1,087
     1           155      Wall 2x4 R-0 to Blow-In R-13 Insulation (0.14)                 2,667           600            2,667            600            2,667            600
     1           180      Base Furnace Fan                                                 1               1              1                1              1                1
     1           181      Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                       1               1              1                1              1                1




                                                                              B.1 - 13
                                                               B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

TECHNOLOGY SATURATION
(units/home)
                                                                                                North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment       Measure # Measure Description                                                  Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1           200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                         6.5             4.3             6.5             4.3             6.5             4.3
     1           201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                                6.5             4.3             6.5             4.3             6.5             4.3
     1           210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                        11.5             7.6            11.5             7.6            11.5             7.6
     1           211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                               11.5             7.6            11.5             7.6            11.5             7.6
     1           220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                         2.6             1.7             2.6             1.7             2.6             1.7
     1           221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                                2.6             1.7             2.6             1.7             2.6             1.7
     1           230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                            1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0
     1           231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                           1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0
     1           232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                           1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0
     1           300      Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice         1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           301      HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                            1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8
     1           310      Base Early Replacement Refrigerator                                       1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           311      Refrigerator - Early Replacement                                          1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8
     1           400      Base Freezer                                                              1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           401      HE Freezer                                                                1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8
     1           500      Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                      1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           501      Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                           1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           502      HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                                 1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           503      Solar Water Heat                                                          1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           504      Tankless Water Heater                                                     1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           505      Low Flow Showerhead                                                       1.3             1.0             1.3             1.0             1.3             1.0
     1           506      Pipe Wrap                                                                10.0            10.0            10.0            10.0            10.0            10.0
     1           507      Faucet Aerators                                                           2.3             2.0             2.3             2.0             2.3             2.0
     1           508      Water Heater Blanket                                                      1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           600      Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           601      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                      1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           602      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                      1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           700      Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                              1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           710      High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                            1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           800      Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                                 1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           801      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                  1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           900      Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                         1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           901      Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                              1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     1           902      High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                              1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0




                                                                                      B.1 - 14
                                                              B.1 Measure Inputs - Residential Existing

Hour Adjustment For Lighting
(Hours/year)
                                                                                      North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment       Measure # Measure Description                                        Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     1           200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                183           183             183             183             183             183
     1           201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                       183           183             183             183             183             183
     1           210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                913           913             913             913             913             913
     1           211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                       913           913             913             913             913             913
     1           220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday               2,190         2,190           2,190           2,190           2,190           2,190
     1           221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                      2,190         2,190           2,190           2,190           2,190           2,190
     1           230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                  1,460         1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460
     1           231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                 1,460         1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460
     1           232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                 1,460         1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460




                                                                               B.1 - 15
                                                                                                                                        B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New




MEASURE COSTS                                                                                                                             NPV of                                              Full = 1                                                                                                Implementation
                                                                                                                     Unit       Unit      Lifetime   Implementation   Cost Units              Incr. = 0                 Full                                                                          Type
                                                                                         Savings      Cost        Equipment    Labor       O&M           Cost         per Savings   Service       Initial   Replace     Unit      Relative Energy Reduction Factors                                   1=1 time
 Segment   Measure # Measure Description                                                  Units       Units          Cost       Cost       Cost         Factor           Unit        Life         Cost       Cost       Cost          SP           SOP          WP     WOP                  End Use   2=ROB
   6         100     Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                          home            ton       $549.55                             $549.55            1           18            1         1         $549.55      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         102     15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                                home            ton       $734.79                             $734.79            1           18            0         0         $734.79      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         103     17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                                home            ton       $920.03                             $920.03            1           18            0         0         $920.03      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         105     Programmable Thermostat                                             home            unit       $56.37    $16.96                   $73.33             1           12            1         1          $73.33      0.80          1.10         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         106     Evaporative Cooler                                                  home            unit      $813.44                $0.00        $813.44            1           15            1         1         $813.44      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         110     Ceiling Fans                                                        home            unit       $80.00     $40.00                  $120.00            1           10            1         1         $120.00      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         111     Whole House Fans                                                    home            unit      $400.56    $295.32                  $695.88            1           15            1         1         $695.88      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         112     Attic Venting                                                       home            unit       $41.00    $100.00                  $141.00            1           10            1         1         $141.00      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         113     Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                            home            ton        $10.36     $28.00                  $38.36             1           10            1         1          $38.36      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         114     Duct Repair (0.32)                                                  home            unit      $144.00                             $144.00            1           20            1         1         $144.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         115     Window Film                                                         home      square foot      $1.49      $0.64                    $2.13             1           10            1         1           $2.13      0.80          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         116     Default Window With Sunscreen                                       home      square foot      $0.63      $0.64                    $1.27             1           10            1         1           $1.27      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         117     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows              home      square foot      $0.50                               $0.50             1           20            1         1           $0.50      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         118     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows             home      square foot      $2.10                               $2.10             1           20            1         1           $2.10      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         130     Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                      home            unit      $813.44    $814.12                 $1,627.56           1           15            1         1       $1,627.56      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         140     Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                                 home            unit      $400.00                             $400.00            1           15            1         1         $400.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         141     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                    home            unit      $508.00                             $508.00            1           15            0         0         $508.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         142     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                    home            unit      $674.99                             $674.99            1           15            0         0         $674.99      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         143     Programmable Thermostat                                             home            unit       $56.37    $16.96                   $73.33             1           12            1         1          $73.33      0.80          1.10         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         144     Evaporative Cooler                                                  home            unit      $369.00                             $369.00            1           15            1         1         $369.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         145     Ceiling Fans                                                        home            unit       $80.00     $40.00                  $120.00            1           10            1         1         $120.00      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         146     Whole House Fans                                                    home            unit      $400.56    $295.32                  $695.88            1           10            1         1         $695.88      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         147     Attic Venting                                                       home            unit       $41.00    $100.00                  $141.00            1           10            1         1         $141.00      0.50          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         148     Window Film                                                         home      square foot      $1.49      $0.64                    $2.13             1           20            1         1           $2.13      0.80          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         150     Default Window With Sunscreen                                       home      square foot      $0.63      $0.64                    $1.27             1           20            1         1           $1.27      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               1
   6         151     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows              home      square foot      $0.50                               $0.50             1           20            1         1           $0.50      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   6         152     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows             home      square foot      $2.10                               $2.10             1           20            1         1           $2.10      0.90          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1               2
   5         180     Base Furnace Fan                                                    home            unit       $0.00                               $0.00             1           18            1         1           $0.00      0.85          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     10              1
   5         181     Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                          home            unit      $175.00                             $175.00            1           18            1         1         $175.00      0.60          0.60         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     10              2
   5         200     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                    lamp          lamp        $0.61                               $0.61             1         1,000           1         1           $0.61      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2               1
   5         201     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                           lamp          lamp        $5.00                               $5.00             1         8,000           1         1           $5.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2               1
   5         210     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                    lamp          lamp        $0.61                               $0.61             1         1,000           1         1           $0.61      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2               1
   5         211     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                           lamp          lamp        $5.00                               $5.00             1         8,000           1         1           $5.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2               1
   5         220     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                    lamp          lamp        $0.61                               $0.61             1         1,000           1         1           $0.61      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2               1
   5         221     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                           lamp          lamp        $5.00                               $5.00             1         8,000           1         1           $5.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2               1
   5         230     Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                      fixture       fixture      $12.00                             $12.00             1         45,000          1         1          $12.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2               1
   5         231     ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                     fixture       fixture      $20.00                             $20.00             1         70,000          0         0          $20.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2               2
   5         232     RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                     fixture       fixture      $20.00                             $20.00             1         70,000          1         1          $20.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2               1
   5         300     Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice     unit          unit      $537.75     $0.00                   $537.75            1           18            1         1         $537.75      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3               2
   5         301     HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                        unit          unit      $698.67     $0.00                   $698.67            1           18            0         0         $698.67      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3               2
   5         400     Base Freezer                                                          unit          unit      $500.00     $0.00                   $500.00            1           15            1         1         $500.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4               2
   5         401     HE Freezer                                                            unit          unit      $575.00     $0.00                   $575.00            1           15            0         0         $575.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4               2
   5         500     Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                  unit          unit      $251.11                             $251.11            1           15            1         1         $251.11      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5               2
   5         501     Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                       unit          unit     $1,539.13   $122.83                 $1,661.96           1           10            0         0       $1,661.96      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5               2
   5         502     HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                             unit          unit      $323.41                             $323.41            1           15            0         0         $323.41      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5               2
   5         503     Solar Water Heat                                                      unit          unit     $3,850.00                           $3,850.00           1           20            1         1       $3,850.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5               2
   5         504     Tankless Water Heater                                                 unit          unit      $789.30                             $789.30            1           20            0         0         $789.30      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5               2
   5         505     Low Flow Showerhead                                                   unit          unit       $22.95    $15.00                   $37.95             1           10            1         1          $37.95      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5               1
   5         506     Pipe Wrap                                                             unit     linear foot     $0.37     $2.44                     $2.81             1           15            1         1           $2.81      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5               1
   5         507     Faucet Aerators                                                       unit          unit       $7.12     $5.58                    $12.70             1           9             1         1          $12.70      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5               1
   5         508     Water Heater Blanket                                                  unit          unit       $14.00    $10.00                   $24.00             1           13            1         1          $24.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     5               1
   5         600     Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                         unit          unit      $449.00    $0.00                    $449.00            1           14            1         1         $449.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     6               2
   5         601     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                  unit          unit      $773.00    $0.00                    $773.00            1           14            0         0         $773.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     6               2
   5         602     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                  unit          unit      $823.00    $0.00                    $823.00            1           14            0         0         $823.00      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     6               2
   5         700     Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                          unit          unit      $319.02    $0.00                    $319.02            1           18            1         1         $319.02      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     7               2
   5         710     High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                        unit          unit      $557.25    $0.00                    $557.25            1           18            0         0         $557.25      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     7               2
   5         800     Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                             unit          unit      $292.65    $0.00                    $292.65            1           13            1         1         $292.65      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     8               2
   5         801     Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                              unit          unit      $426.30    $0.00                    $426.30            1           13            0         0         $426.30      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     8               2
   5         900     Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                     unit          unit      $345.03    $0.00                    $345.03            1           10            1         1         $345.03      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     9               2
   5         901     Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                          unit          unit      $527.21    $0.00                    $527.21            1           10            0         0         $527.21      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     9               2
   5         902     High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                          unit          unit      $395.94    $0.00                    $395.94            1           10            0         0         $395.94      1.00          1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     9               2




                                                                                                                                                            B.2 - 1
                                                            B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

BASE TECHNOLOGY EUIs
(kWh/square foot)
                                                                                     North, SFD   North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment     Measure # Measure Description                                      Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     6          100     Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                     1,338         442            2,297            822            2,915           1,120
     6          130     Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                  441          146             758             271             962             370
     6          140     Base Room Air Conditioner                                       602          339            1,154            628            1,577            878
     5          180     Base Fan Furnace                                                476          292             412             274             321             210
     5          200     Base Lighting, 0.5 hr/hday                                       71           22              71              22              71              22
     5          210     Base Lighting, 2.5 hr/hday                                      631          196             631             196             631             196
     5          220     Base Lighting, 6.0 hr/hday                                      342          106             342             106             342             106
     5          230     Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                  156           54             156              54             156              54
     5          300     Base Refrigerator                                               924          903             924             903             924             903
     5          310     Base Early Replacement Refrigerator                            1,500        1,500           1,500           1,500           1,500           1,500
     5          400     Base Freezer                                                   1,132         833            1,132            833            1,132            833
     5          500     Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                           3,659        2,978           3,397           2,765           3,158           2,570
     5          600     Base Clotheswasher (EF=1.18)                                    972          858             909             802             852             750
     5          700     Base Clothes Dryer (EF=.46)                                     863          634             863             634             863             634
     5          800     Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                       906          682             863             646             823             613
     5          900     Base Pool Pump                                                 2,468                        2,468                           2,468




                                                                           B.2 - 2
                                                         B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)
                                                                                      North, SFD   North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                        Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     6        100      Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                       0.0%          0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     6        102      15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                            13.3%         13.3%           13.3%           13.3%           13.3%           13.3%
     6        103      17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                            23.5%         23.5%           23.5%           23.5%           23.5%           23.5%
     6        105      Programmable Thermostat                                          2.0%          2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%
     6        106      Evaporative Cooler                                              58.0%         58.0%           58.0%           58.0%           58.0%           58.0%
     6        110      Ceiling Fans                                                     5.0%          5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
     6        111      Whole House Fans                                                 9.1%         19.0%            9.1%           19.0%            9.1%           19.0%
     6        112      Attic Venting                                                   11.0%          9.1%           11.0%            9.1%           11.0%            9.1%
     6        113      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                        12.6%         10.9%           12.6%           10.9%           12.6%           10.9%
     6        114      Duct Repair (0.32)                                               8.1%          6.0%            8.1%            6.0%            8.1%            6.0%
     6        115      Window Film                                                     20.5%         37.9%           20.5%           37.9%           20.5%           37.9%
     6        116      Default Window With Sunscreen                                   13.3%         29.9%           13.3%           29.9%           13.3%           29.9%
     6        117      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          29.6%         19.8%           21.6%           15.9%           17.2%           12.7%
     6        118      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         32.4%         22.2%           25.2%           19.1%           21.0%           15.8%
     6        130      Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                   0.0%          0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     6        140      Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                              0.0%          0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     6        141      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                18.1%         18.2%           18.2%           18.2%           18.2%           18.2%
     6        142      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                24.9%         25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%
     6        143      Programmable Thermostat                                          2.0%          2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%
     6        144      Evaporative Cooler                                              58.0%         58.0%           58.0%           58.0%           58.0%           58.0%
     6        145      Ceiling Fans                                                     5.0%          5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
     6        146      Whole House Fans                                                 9.1%         19.0%            9.1%           19.0%            9.1%           19.0%
     6        147      Attic Venting                                                   11.0%          9.1%           11.0%            9.1%           11.0%            9.1%
     6        148      Window Film                                                     20.5%         37.9%           20.5%           37.9%           20.5%           37.9%
     6        150      Default Window With Sunscreen                                   13.3%         29.9%           13.3%           29.9%           13.3%           29.9%
     6        151      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          30.8%         42.6%           21.9%           33.1%           15.3%           24.7%
     6        152      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         33.8%         44.4%           25.9%           35.7%           18.7%           27.4%
     5        180      Base Furnace Fan                                                 0.0%          0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        181      Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                      50.0%         50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
     5        200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                0.0%          0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                      75.0%         75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
     5        210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                0.0%          0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                      75.0%         75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
     5        220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                0.0%          0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                      75.0%         75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
     5        230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                   0.0%          0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%



                                                                            B.2 - 3
                                                              B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)
                                                                                              North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     5        231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                          28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%
     5        232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                          28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%           28.0%
     5        300      Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice)        0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        301      HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%
     5        400      Base Freezer                                                             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        401      HE Freezer                                                               15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%
     5        500      Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                     0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        501      Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                          69.7%           69.7%           69.7%           69.7%           69.7%           69.7%
     5        502      HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                                5.4%             5.4%            5.4%            5.4%            5.4%            5.4%
     5        503      Solar Water Heat                                                         70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%
     5        504      Tankless Water Heater                                                    20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
     5        505      Low Flow Showerhead                                                      7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%
     5        506      Pipe Wrap                                                                2.0%            2.0%            2.0%             2.0%            2.0%            2.0%
     5        507      Faucet Aerators                                                          3.0%             3.0%            3.0%            3.0%            3.0%            3.0%
     5        508      Water Heater Blanket                                                     10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
     5        600      Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        601      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                     70.5%           70.5%           70.5%           70.5%           70.5%           70.5%
     5        602      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                     78.4%           78.4%           78.4%           78.4%           78.4%           78.4%
     5        700      Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                             0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        710      High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%
     5        800      Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                                0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        801      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                 26.0%           26.0%           26.0%           26.0%           26.0%           26.0%
     5        900      Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                        0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            0.0%
     5        901      Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                             49.0%           49.0%           49.0%           49.0%           49.0%           49.0%
     5        902      High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                             25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%




                                                                                    B.2 - 4
                                                         B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)
                                                                                  North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                       Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     6        100     Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                      100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        102     15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                             69.2%        69.2%           69.2%           69.2%           69.2%           69.2%
     6        103     17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                             69.2%        69.2%           69.2%           69.2%           69.2%           69.2%
     6        105     Programmable Thermostat                                         100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        106     Evaporative Cooler                                              100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        110     Ceiling Fans                                                    100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        111     Whole House Fans                                                100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        112     Attic Venting                                                   100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        113     Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                        100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        114     Duct Repair (0.32)                                              100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        115     Window Film                                                     100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        116     Default Window With Sunscreen                                   100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        117     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        118     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        130     Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                  100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        140     Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                             100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        141     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                 96.4%        93.1%           96.4%           93.1%           96.4%           93.1%
     6        142     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                 96.4%        93.1%           96.4%           93.1%           96.4%           93.1%
     6        143     Programmable Thermostat                                         100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        144     Evaporative Cooler                                              100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        145     Ceiling Fans                                                    100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        146     Whole House Fans                                                100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        147     Attic Venting                                                   100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        148     Window Film                                                     100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        150     Default Window With Sunscreen                                   100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        151     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        152     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        180     Base Furnace Fan                                                100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        181     Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                      100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        200     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        201     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                      100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        210     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        211     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                      100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        220     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        221     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                      100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                            B.2 - 5
                                                              B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)
                                                                                            North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                                 Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     5        230     Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        231     ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        232     RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        300     Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        301     HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                          85.6%           85.6%           85.6%           85.6%           85.6%           85.6%
     5        400     Base Freezer                                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        401     HE Freezer                                                              80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%
     5        500     Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        501     Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        502     HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        503     Solar Water Heat                                                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        504     Tankless Water Heater                                                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        505     Low Flow Showerhead                                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        506     Pipe Wrap                                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        507     Faucet Aerators                                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        508     Water Heater Blanket                                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        600     Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%
     5        601     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                    82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%
     5        602     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                    82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%           82.5%
     5        700     Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        710     High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        800     Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        801     Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        900     Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        901     Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        902     High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                                   B.2 - 6
                                                         B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                  North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                       Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     6        100     Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                       41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        102     15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                             41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        103     17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                             41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        105     Programmable Thermostat                                          41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        106     Evaporative Cooler                                               41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        110     Ceiling Fans                                                     41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        111     Whole House Fans                                                 41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        112     Attic Venting                                                    41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        113     Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                         41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        114     Duct Repair (0.32)                                               41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        115     Window Film                                                      41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        116     Default Window With Sunscreen                                    41.0%        70.0%           41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        117     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          41.0%        70.0%            41.0%           70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        118     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         41.0%        70.0%           41.0%            70.0%           41.0%           70.0%
     6        130     Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                   51.9%        30.0%           51.9%           30.0%           51.9%           30.0%
     6        140     Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                               1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        141     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                  1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        142     HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                  1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        143     Programmable Thermostat                                           1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        144     Evaporative Cooler                                                1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        145     Ceiling Fans                                                      1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        146     Whole House Fans                                                  1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        147     Attic Venting                                                     1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        148     Window Film                                                       1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        150     Default Window With Sunscreen                                     1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        151     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows            1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     6        152     Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows           1.7%         1.9%            1.7%            1.9%            1.7%            1.9%
     5        180     Base Furnace Fan                                                 77.9%        83.8%           77.9%           83.8%           77.9%           83.8%
     5        181     Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                       77.9%        83.8%           77.9%           83.8%           77.9%           83.8%
     5        200     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        201     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                      100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        210     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        211     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                      100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        220     Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        221     CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                      100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                            B.2 - 7
                                                              B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                            North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD    South, SFD      South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                                 Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     5        230     Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                         68.6%            51.6%           68.6%           51.6%           68.6%           51.6%
     5        231     ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                        68.6%            51.6%           68.6%           51.6%           68.6%           51.6%
     5        232     RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                        68.6%            51.6%           68.6%           51.6%           68.6%           51.6%
     5        300     Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice      99.1%            98.7%           99.1%           98.7%           99.1%           98.7%
     5        301     HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                         99.1%            98.7%           99.1%           98.7%           99.1%           98.7%
     5        400     Base Freezer                                                           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
     5        401     HE Freezer                                                             20.0%            20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
     5        500     Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                    8.9%            18.3%            8.9%           18.3%            8.9%           18.3%
     5        501     Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                         8.9%            18.3%            8.9%           18.3%            8.9%           18.3%
     5        502     HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                               8.9%            18.3%            8.9%           18.3%            8.9%           18.3%
     5        503     Solar Water Heat                                                        8.9%            18.3%            8.9%           18.3%            8.9%           18.3%
     5        504     Tankless Water Heater                                                   8.9%            18.3%            8.9%           18.3%            8.9%           18.3%
     5        505     Low Flow Showerhead                                                     8.9%            18.3%            8.9%           18.3%            8.9%           18.3%
     5        506     Pipe Wrap                                                               8.9%            18.3%            8.9%           18.3%            8.9%           18.3%
     5        507     Faucet Aerators                                                         8.9%            18.3%            8.9%           18.3%            8.9%           18.3%
     5        508     Water Heater Blanket                                                    8.9%            18.3%            8.9%           18.3%            8.9%           18.3%
     5        600     Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                           8.9%            11.8%            8.9%           11.8%            8.9%           11.8%
     5        601     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                    8.9%            11.8%            8.9%           11.8%            8.9%           11.8%
     5        602     Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                    8.9%            11.8%            8.9%           11.8%            8.9%           11.8%
     5        700     Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                           59.9%            43.8%           59.9%           43.8%           59.9%           43.8%
     5        710     High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                         59.9%            43.8%           59.9%           43.8%           59.9%           43.8%
     5        800     Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                               8.4%            15.4%            8.4%           15.4%            8.4%           15.4%
     5        801     Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                8.4%            15.4%            8.4%           15.4%            8.4%           15.4%
     5        900     Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                       2.7%                             2.7%                            2.7%
     5        901     Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                            2.7%                             2.7%                            2.7%
     5        902     High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                            2.7%                             2.7%                            2.7%




                                                                                   B.2 - 8
                                                         B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

INCOMPLETE FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                      North, SFD   North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                        Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     6        100      Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                      100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        102      15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                            97.5%        97.5%           97.5%           97.5%           97.5%            97.5%
     6        103      17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                            99.0%        99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%            99.0%
     6        105      Programmable Thermostat                                         48.0%        77.0%           45.0%            74.0%           45.0%           74.0%
     6        106      Evaporative Cooler                                              100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        110      Ceiling Fans                                                    50.5%        65.1%           50.5%            65.1%           50.5%           65.1%
     6        111      Whole House Fans                                                97.2%        96.6%            97.2%           96.6%           97.2%           96.6%
     6        112      Attic Venting                                                    60.3%        88.0%           60.3%           88.0%           60.3%           88.0%
     6        113      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                        50.0%        50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
     6        114      Duct Repair (0.32)                                              50.0%        50.0%            50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
     6        115      Window Film                                                     80.0%         80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%
     6        116      Default Window With Sunscreen                                   89.4%        92.5%           89.4%           92.5%           89.4%            92.5%
     6        117      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          86.4%        94.4%           86.4%           94.4%           86.4%           94.4%
     6        118      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         95.0%        95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     6        130      Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                  100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        140      Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                             100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        141      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                90.0%        90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%            90.0%
     6        142      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                95.0%        95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%            95.0%
     6        143      Programmable Thermostat                                         48.0%        77.0%           45.0%            74.0%           45.0%           74.0%
     6        144      Evaporative Cooler                                              100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     6        145      Ceiling Fans                                                    50.5%        65.1%           50.5%            65.1%           50.5%           65.1%
     6        146      Whole House Fans                                                97.2%        96.6%            97.2%           96.6%           97.2%           96.6%
     6        147      Attic Venting                                                    60.3%        88.0%           60.3%           88.0%           60.3%           88.0%
     6        148      Window Film                                                     80.0%         80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%
     6        150      Default Window With Sunscreen                                   89.4%        92.5%           89.4%           92.5%           89.4%            92.5%
     6        151      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows          86.4%        94.4%           86.4%           94.4%           86.4%           94.4%
     6        152      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows         95.0%        95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     5        180      Base Furnace Fan                                                100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        181      Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                      95.0%        95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     5        200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                      92.9%        93.3%           92.9%            93.3%           92.9%           93.3%
     5        210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                      92.9%        93.3%           92.9%            93.3%           92.9%           93.3%
     5        220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                      92.9%        93.3%           92.9%            93.3%           92.9%           93.3%
     5        230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                  100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%



                                                                            B.2 - 9
                                                              B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

INCOMPLETE FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                              North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     5        231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         95.0%            95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     5        232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         95.0%            95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     5        300      Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice)      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        301      HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                          90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
     5        400      Base Freezer                                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        401      HE Freezer                                                              90.0%           90.0%            90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
     5        500      Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        501      Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                         99.1%           98.6%            99.1%           98.6%           99.1%           98.6%
     5        502      HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                               95.0%            95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     5        503      Solar Water Heat                                                        99.7%           100.0%          99.7%           100.0%           99.7%          100.0%
     5        504      Tankless Water Heater                                                   99.0%           99.4%           99.0%            99.4%           99.0%           99.4%
     5        505      Low Flow Showerhead                                                     57.6%           77.6%           57.6%           77.6%           57.6%           77.6%
     5        506      Pipe Wrap                                                               64.6%           75.1%           64.6%            75.1%           64.6%           75.1%
     5        507      Faucet Aerators                                                         70.5%           82.1%            70.5%           82.1%           70.5%           82.1%
     5        508      Water Heater Blanket                                                    70.0%           70.0%           70.0%            70.0%           70.0%           70.0%
     5        600      Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        601      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                    78.6%            91.0%           78.6%           91.0%           78.6%           91.0%
     5        602      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                    95.0%            95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
     5        700      Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        710      High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                          90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
     5        800      Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        801      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                70.0%            70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%
     5        900      Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        901      Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                            99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%            99.0%
     5        902      High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                            99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%           99.0%




                                                                                   B.2 - 10
                                                         B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

FEASIBILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                   North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                        Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     6        100      Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                       100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        102      15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                             100%          50%             80%             50%             80%             50%
     6        103      17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                             100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        105      Programmable Thermostat                                          100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        106      Evaporative Cooler                                                50%          50%             50%             50%             50%             50%
     6        110      Ceiling Fans                                                     100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        111      Whole House Fans                                                  75%          25%             75%             25%             75%             25%
     6        112      Attic Venting                                                     80%          25%             80%             25%             80%             25%
     6        113      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                         100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        114      Duct Repair (0.32)                                               100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        115      Window Film                                                      100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        116      Default Window With Sunscreen                                    100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        117      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows           100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        118      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows          100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        130      Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                   100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        140      Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                              100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        141      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                 100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        142      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                 100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        143      Programmable Thermostat                                          100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        144      Evaporative Cooler                                                50%          50%             50%             50%             50%             50%
     6        145      Ceiling Fans                                                     100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        146      Whole House Fans                                                  75%          25%             75%             25%             75%             25%
     6        147      Attic Venting                                                     80%          25%             80%             25%             80%             25%
     6        148      Window Film                                                      100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        150      Default Window With Sunscreen                                    100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        151      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E Windows           100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     6        152      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows          100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     5        180      Base Furnace Fan                                                 100%         100%            100%            100%            100%            100%
     5        181      Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                        75%          75%             75%             75%             75%             75%
     5        200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                      50.0%        50.0%           50.0%            50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
     5        210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                      50.0%        50.0%           50.0%            50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
     5        220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday               100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                      50.0%        50.0%           50.0%            50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
     5        230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                  100.0%       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%



                                                                            B.2 - 11
                                                              B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

FEASIBILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                              North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment    Measure # Measure Description                                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     5        231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        300      Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice)      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        301      HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        400      Base Freezer                                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        401      HE Freezer                                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        500      Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        501      Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                         50.0%            50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
     5        502      HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        503      Solar Water Heat                                                        75.0%            75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
     5        504      Tankless Water Heater                                                   75.0%           75.0%            75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
     5        505      Low Flow Showerhead                                                     80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%
     5        506      Pipe Wrap                                                               75.0%           75.0%            75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
     5        507      Faucet Aerators                                                         90.0%            90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
     5        508      Water Heater Blanket                                                    60.0%           60.0%            60.0%           60.0%           60.0%           60.0%
     5        600      Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        601      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        602      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        700      Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        710      High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        800      Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        801      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        900      Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        901      Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
     5        902      High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                                   B.2 - 12
                                                             B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

TECHNOLOGY SATURATION
(units/home)
                                                                                          North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment       Measure # Measure Description                                            Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     6           100      Base, 13 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                           3               2               3               2               3               2
     6           102      15 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                                 3               2               3               2               3               2
     6           103      17 SEER Split-System Air Conditioner                                 3               2               3               2               3               2
     6           105      Programmable Thermostat                                              1               1               1               1               1               1
     6           106      Evaporative Cooler                                                   1               1               1               1               1               1
     6           110      Ceiling Fans                                                       1.5             1.0             1.5             1.0             1.5             1.0
     6           111      Whole House Fans                                                     1               1               1               1               1               1
     6           112      Attic Venting                                                        1               1               1               1               1               1
     6           113      Proper Refrigerant Charging and Air Flow                             3               2               3               2               3               2
     6           114      Duct Repair (0.32)                                                   1               1               1               1               1               1
     6           115      Window Film                                                        250              56             250              56             250              56
     6           116      Default Window With Sunscreen                                      250              56             250              56             250              56
     6           117      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane, Med Low-E Window         333              75             333              75             333              75
     6           118      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane Low-E2 Windows            333              75             333              75             333              75
     6           130      Base Direct Evaporative Cooler                                       1               1               1               1               1               1
     6           140      Base Room Air Conditioner - EER 9.0                                1.2             1.04            1.2             1.04            1.2             1.04
     6           141      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 11                                   1.2             1.04            1.2             1.04            1.2             1.04
     6           142      HE Room Air Conditioner - EER 12                                   1.2             1.04            1.2             1.04            1.2             1.04
     6           143      Programmable Thermostat                                            1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     6           144      Evaporative Cooler                                                 1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     6           145      Ceiling Fans                                                       1.5             1.5             1.5             1.5             1.5             1.5
     6           146      Whole House Fans                                                     1               1               1               1               1               1
     6           147      Attic Venting                                                        1               1               1               1               1               1
     6           148      Window Film                                                        250              56             250              56             250              56
     6           150      Default Window With Sunscreen                                      250              56             250              56             250              56
     6           151      Double Pane Clear Windows to Double Pane, Med Low-E Coating        333              75             333              75             333              75
     6           152      Double Pane Low-E to Double Pane Low-E2 Coating                    333              75             333              75             333              75
     5           180      Base Fan Furnace                                                     1               1               1               1               1               1
     5           181      Variable Speed Furnace Fan                                           1               1               1               1               1               1
     5           200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                  6.5             4.3             6.5             4.3             6.5             4.3
     5           201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                         6.5             4.3             6.5             4.3             6.5             4.3
     5           210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                  11.5            7.6             11.5            7.6             11.5            7.6
     5           211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                         11.5            7.6             11.5            7.6             11.5            7.6
     5           220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday                  2.6             1.7             2.6             1.7             2.6             1.7
     5           221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                         2.6             1.7             2.6             1.7             2.6             1.7
     5           230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                      1.8            1.0              1.8            1.0              1.8             1.0



                                                                                B.2 - 13
                                                                 B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

TECHNOLOGY SATURATION
(units/home)
                                                                                                 North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment       Measure # Measure Description                                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     5           231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                           1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0
     5           232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                           1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0             1.8             1.0
     5           300      Base Refrigerator (18 cf w/top-mount freezer, no through-door ice)        1.0             1.0              1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           301      HE Refrigerator - Energy Star version of above                            1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8
     5           400      Base Freezer                                                              1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           401      HE Freezer                                                                1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8             1.0             0.8
     5           500      Base 40 gal. Water Heating (EF=0.88)                                      1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           501      Heat Pump Water Heater (EF=2.9)                                           1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           502      HE Water Heater (EF=0.93)                                                 1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           503      Solar Water Heat                                                          1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           504      Tankless Water Heater                                                     1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           505      Low Flow Showerhead                                                       1.3             1.0             1.3             1.0             1.3             1.0
     5           506      Pipe Wrap                                                                 10.0            10.0            10.0            10.0            10.0            10.0
     5           507      Faucet Aerators                                                           2.3             2.0             2.3             2.0             2.3             2.0
     5           508      Water Heater Blanket                                                      1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           600      Base Clotheswasher (MEF=1.04)                                             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           601      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 1 (MEF=1.42)                                      1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           602      Energy Star CW CEE Tier 2 (MEF=1.60)                                      1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           700      Base Clothes Dryer (EF=3.01)                                              1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           710      High Efficiency CD (EF=3.01 w/moisture sensor)                            1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           800      Base Dishwasher (EF=0.46)                                                 1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           801      Energy Star DW (EF=0.58)                                                  1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           900      Base Pool Pump and Motor (1.5 hp)                                         1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           901      Two Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                                              1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0
     5           902      High Efficiency One Speed Pool Pump (1.5 hp)                              1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0             1.0




                                                                                      B.2 - 14
                                                                B.2 Measure Inputs - Residential New

Hour Adjustment For Lighting
(Hours/year)
                                                                                      North, SFD      North MFD      Central, SFD    Central, MFD     South, SFD     South, MFD
 Segment       Measure # Measure Description                                        Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6
     5           200      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 0.5 hr/hday                183           183             183             183             183             183
     5           201      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 0.5 hr/day                       183           183             183             183             183             183
     5           210      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 2.5 hr/hday                913           913             913             913             913             913
     5           211      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 2.5 hr/day                       913           913             913             913             913             913
     5           220      Base Lighting (60-Watt incandescent), 6.0 hr/hday               2,190         2,190           2,190           2,190           2,190           2,190
     5           221      CFL (18-Watt integral ballast), 6.0 hr/day                      2,190         2,190           2,190           2,190           2,190           2,190
     5           230      Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 40W, 1EEMAG                  1,460         1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460
     5           231      ROB 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                 1,460         1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460
     5           232      RET 2L4'T8, 1EB                                                 1,460         1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460           1,460




                                                                               B.2 - 15
                                                                                                            B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing




MEASURE COSTS                                                                                               NPV of                                        Full = 1                                                                                           Implementatio
                                                                                         Unit       Unit    Lifetime Implementation Cost Units           Incr. = 0                 Full                                                                           Type
                                                                           Cost       Equipment    Labor     O&M          Cost     per Savings Service     Initial   Replace       Unit     Relative Energy Reduction Factors                                   1=1 time
Segment Measure #   Measure Description                                    Units         Cost       Cost      Cost       Factor        Unit      Life      Cost       Cost         Cost         SP         SPP        SOP       WP     WPP    WOP    End Use    2=ROB
   1      110       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 4L4'T12, 34W, 2EEMAG        fixture      $27.00     $15.00     $0.00       $42.00         1      45,000        1         1         $42.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      114       RET 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                              fixture      $35.00     $15.00     $0.00       $50.00         1      70,000        1         0         $50.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      115       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector                   fixture      $52.00     $15.00     $0.00       $67.00         1      70,000        1         0         $67.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      117       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures           fixture      $24.50      $3.15     $0.00       $27.65         1      40,000        1         1         $27.65        1.00        1.00       0.50      1.00   1.00   0.50      1          1
   1      118       Continuous Dimming, 5L4' Fluorescent Fixtures         fixture      $180.63    $107.27    $0.00      $287.90         1      50,000        1         1        $287.90        1.00        0.50       0.00      1.00   0.75   0.00      1          1
   1      120       Lighting Control Tuneup                                 sqft                   $0.01                 $0.01          1         6          1         1         $0.01         0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      130       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 34W, 1EEMAG        fixture      $14.00      $9.40     $0.00       $23.40         1      45,000        1         1         $23.40        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      133       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                              fixture      $25.00      $9.40     $0.00       $34.40         1      70,000        1         0         $34.40        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      134       RET 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM               fixture      $41.00      $7.80     $0.00       $48.80         1      70,000        1         0         $48.80        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      136       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures           fixture      $12.25      $1.58     $0.00       $13.83         1      40,000        1         1         $13.83        1.00        1.00       0.50      1.00   1.00   0.50      1          1
   1      137       Continuous Dimming, 10L4' Fluorescent Fixtures        fixture      $90.31     $53.64     $0.00      $143.95         1      50,000        1         1        $143.95        1.00        0.50       0.00      1.00   0.75   0.00      1          1
   1      139       Lighting Control Tuneup                                 sqft                   $0.01                 $0.01          1         6          1         1         $0.01         0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      150       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L8'T12, 60W, 1EEMAG        fixture      $36.00     $17.00     $0.00       $53.00         1      45,000        1         1         $53.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      152       RET 2 - 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                          fixture      $50.00     $18.80     $0.00       $68.80         1      70,000        1         0         $68.80        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      153       RET 2 - 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM           fixture      $82.00     $15.60     $0.00       $97.60         1      70,000        1         0         $97.60        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      155       Occupancy Sensor, 4L8' Fluorescent Fixtures           fixture      $24.50      $3.15     $0.00       $27.65         1      40,000        1         1         $27.65        1.00        1.00       0.50      1.00   1.00   0.50      1          1
   1      156       Continuous Dimming, 5L8' Fluorescent Fixtures         fixture      $180.62    $107.00    $0.00      $287.62         1      50,000        1         1        $287.62        1.00        0.50       0.00      1.00   0.75   0.00      1          1
   1      160       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Screw-in CFL          fixture       $0.61      $3.77     $0.00       $4.38          1       2,000        1         1         $4.38         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      161       CFL Screw-in 18W                                      fixture       $6.37      $3.77     $0.00       $10.14         1       8,000        1         0         $10.14        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      165       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Hardwired CFL         fixture       $0.61      $3.77     $0.00       $4.38          1       2,000        1         1         $4.38         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      166       CFL Hardwired, Modular 18W                            fixture      $19.00     $27.00     $0.00       $46.00         1      20,000        1         0         $46.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      175       Base High Bay Metal Halide, 400W                      fixture      $200.00    $60.00                $260.00         1      24,000        1         1        $260.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      176       High Bay T5                                           fixture      $290.00    $60.00                $350.00         1      45,000        1         0        $350.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      180       Base 4L4'T8, 1EB                                      fixture       $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1      70,000        1         1         $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      181       ROB 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                              fixture       $7.00      $0.00     $0.00       $7.00          1      70,000        1         1         $7.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      182       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures           fixture      $24.50      $3.15     $0.00       $27.65         1      40,000        1         1         $27.65        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      183       Lighting Control Tuneup                                 sqft                   $0.01                 $0.01          1         6          1         1         $0.01         0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      185       Base 2L4'T8, 1EB                                      fixture       $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1      70,000        1         1         $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      186       ROB 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                              fixture       $5.00      $0.00     $0.00       $5.00          1      70,000        1         1         $5.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   1      187       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures           fixture      $12.25      $1.58     $0.00       $13.83         1      40,000        1         1         $13.83        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      188       Lighting Control Tuneup                                 sqft                   $0.01                 $0.01          1         6          1         1         $0.01         0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      190       Base Exit Sign                                        fixture       $0.00                            $0.00          1        16          1         1         $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      191       LED Exit Sign                                         fixture      $50.00                            $50.00         1        16          1         1         $50.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      1          1
   1      220       Base Outdoor Mercury Vapor 400W Lamp                  fixture                            $0.00       $0.00          1      24,000        1         1         $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      2          2
   1      221       High Pressure Sodium 250W Lamp                        fixture      $89.00     $60.00     $0.00      $149.00         1      24,000        1         1        $149.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      2          1
   1      222       Outdoor Lighting Controls (Photocell/Timeclock)       fixture      $51.00     $57.00     $0.00      $108.00         1      24,000        1         1        $108.00        0.00        1.70       1.00      1.00   0.90   1.00      2          1
   1      300       Base Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons         ton        $220.00               $0.00      $220.00         1        20          1         1        $220.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          2
   1      301       Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons              ton        $255.00               $0.00      $255.00         1        20          0         0        $255.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          2
   1      302       Window Film (Standard)                              sf-window       $3.07                $0.00       $3.07          1        10          1         1         $3.07         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      303       EMS - Chiller                                           ton        $60.00                $0.00       $60.00         1        10          1         1         $60.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      304       Cool Roof - Chiller                                   sf-roof       $0.35                $0.00       $0.35          1        10          1         1         $0.35         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      305       Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                             sqft                             $0.10       $0.10          1        10          1         1         $0.10         0.50        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      306       VSD for Chiller Pumps and Towers                        ton        $32.00     $10.00     $0.00       $42.00         1        15          1         1         $42.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      307       EMS Optimization                                        sqft        $0.00                $0.03       $0.03          1         5          1         1          $0.03        0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      308       Economizer                                              ton        $126.76    $43.34     $0.00      $170.10         1        15          1         1        $170.10        0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      310       Base DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons              ton        $672.40               $0.00      $672.40         1        15          1         1        $672.40        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          2
   1      311       DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                        sqft                             $0.13       $0.13          1        10          1         1         $0.13         0.75        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      312       DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons                   ton        $699.33     $0.00     $0.00      $699.33         1        15          0         0        $699.33        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          2
   1      313       Window Film (Standard)                              sf-window       $3.07                $0.00       $3.07          1        10          1         1         $3.07         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      314       Evaporative Pre-Cooler                                  ton        $133.33    $160.00    $0.00      $293.33         1        10          1         1        $293.33        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      315       Prog. Thermostat - DX                                   ton         $5.50     $15.00     $0.00       $20.50         1        10          1         1         $20.50        0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      316       Cool Roof - DX                                        sf-roof       $0.35                $0.00       $0.35          1        10          1         1         $0.35         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      317       Optimize Controls                                       sqft                             $0.04       $0.04          1         5          1         1          $0.04        0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      318       Economizer                                              ton        $126.76    $43.34     $0.00      $170.10         1        15          1         1        $170.10        0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      3          1
   1      400       Base Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 87.5%                     HP         $52.00                $0.00       $52.00         1        15          1         1         $52.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          2
   1      401       Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 89.5%                          HP         $72.00                $0.00       $72.00         1        15          0         0         $72.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          2
   1      402       Variable Speed Drive Control, 5 HP                      HP         $214.00    $171.00    $0.00      $385.00         1        15          1         1        $385.00        0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          1
   1      410       Base Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 91.0%                    HP         $43.00                $0.00       $43.00         1        15          1         1         $43.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          2
   1      411       Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 92.4%                         HP         $54.00                $0.00       $54.00         1        15          0         0         $54.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          2
   1      412       Variable Speed Drive Control, 15 HP                     HP         $129.00    $102.00    $0.00      $231.00         1        15          1         1        $231.00        0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          1
   1      413       Air Handler Optimization, 15 HP                         sqft        $0.00                $0.03       $0.03          1         8          1         1         $0.03         0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          1
   1      420       Base Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 93.0%                    HP         $37.00                $0.00       $37.00         1        15          1         1         $37.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          2
   1      421       Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 94.1%                         HP         $47.00                $0.00       $47.00         1        15          0         0         $47.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          2
   1      422       Variable Speed Drive Control, 40 HP                     HP         $120.00    $37.00     $0.00      $157.00         1        15          1         1        $157.00        0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          1
   1      423       Air Handler Optimization, 40 HP                         sqft        $0.00                $0.03       $0.03          1         8          1         1         $0.03         0.25        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      4          1
   1      500       Base Refrigeration System                         0,000 sqft sto    $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1        10          1         1          $0.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          2
   1      501       High-efficiency fan motors                        0,000 sqft sto $46,429.20    $0.00     $0.00     $46,429.20       1        16          1         1       $46,429.20      1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1
   1      502       Strip curtains for walk-ins                       0,000 sqft sto $1,995.00     $0.00     $0.00     $1,995.00        1         4          1         1       $1,995.00       1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1
   1      503       Night covers for display cases                    near ft. displa $9.25        $0.00     $0.00       $9.25          1        4.8         1         1          $9.25        0.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1
   1      504       Evaporator fan controller for MT walk-ins            controller    $300.00     $0.00     $0.00      $300.00         1         5          1         1        $300.00        0.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1
   1      505       Efficient compressor motor                        0,000 sqft sto $3,510.00     $0.00     $0.00     $3,510.00        1        10          1         1       $3,510.00       1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          2
   1      506       Compressor VSD retrofit                           0,000 sqft sto $16,200.00    $0.00     $0.00     $16,200.00       1        10          1         1       $16,200.00      0.50        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1




                                                                                                                                 B.3 - 1
                                                                                                   B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing




MEASURE COSTS                                                                                      NPV of                                        Full = 1                                                                                          Implementatio
                                                                                Unit       Unit    Lifetime Implementation Cost Units           Incr. = 0                Full                                                                           Type
                                                                   Cost      Equipment    Labor     O&M          Cost     per Savings Service     Initial   Replace      Unit     Relative Energy Reduction Factors                                   1=1 time
Segment Measure #   Measure Description                            Units        Cost       Cost      Cost       Factor        Unit     Life       Cost       Cost        Cost         SP         SPP        SOP       WP     WPP    WOP    End Use    2=ROB
   1      507       Floating head pressure controls           0,000 sqft sto $4,995.00    $0.00     $0.00     $4,995.00        1        14          1         1       $4,995.00      0.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1
   1      508       Refrigeration Commissioning                Ton of Load $113.00        $0.00     $0.00      $113.00         1        3           1         1        $113.00       1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1
   1      509       Demand Hot Gas Defrost                          HP        $25.00      $0.00     $0.00       $25.00         1        10          1         1        $25.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1
   1      510       Demand Defrost Electric                         HP        $25.00      $0.00     $0.00      $25.00          1        10          1         1        $25.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1
   1      511       Anti-sweat (humidistat) controls          0,000 sqft sto $6,450.40    $0.00     $0.00     $6,450.40        1        12          1         1       $6,450.40      0.50        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      5          1
   1      610       Base Desktop PC                                 PC         $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1         4          1         1         $0.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      6          1
   1      611       PC Manual Power Management Enabling             PC         $0.00      $8.00     $0.00       $8.00          1        4           1         1         $8.00        0.66        0.94       1.32      1.00   0.81   1.32      6          1
   1      612       PC Network Power Management Enabling            PC         $0.00      $4.00     $0.00       $4.00          1        4           1         1         $4.00        0.66        0.94       1.32      1.00   0.81   1.32      6          1
   1      620       Base Monitor, CRT                               PC         $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1         4          1         1                      1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      6          1
   1      621       Energy Star or Better Monitor                   PC         $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1         4          1         1        $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      6          1
   1      622       Monitor Power Management Enabling               PC         $0.00      $8.00     $0.00       $8.00          1        4           1         1        $8.00         0.66        0.94       1.32      1.00   0.81   1.32      6          1
   1      630       Base Monitor, LCD                             Monitor      $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1        4           1         1                      1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      6          1
   1      631       Energy Star or Better Monitor                 Monitor      $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1         4          1         1        $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      6          1
   1      632       Monitor Power Management Enabling             Monitor      $0.00      $8.00     $0.00       $8.00          1        4           1         1        $8.00         0.66        0.94       1.32      1.00   0.81   1.32      6          1
   1      640       Base Copier                                   Copier       $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1        6           1         1                      1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      6          1
   1      641       Energy Star or Better Copier                  Copier       $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1        6           1         1        $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      6          1
   1      642       Copier Power Management Enabling              Copier       $0.00     $45.00     $0.00      $45.00          1        6           1         1       $45.00         0.66        0.94       1.32      1.00   0.81   1.32      6          1
   1      650       Base Laser Printer                            Printer      $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1         5          1         1        $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      6          1
   1      651       Printer Power Management Enabling             Printer      $0.00     $45.00     $0.00      $45.00          1        5           1         1       $45.00         0.66        0.94       1.32      1.00   0.81   1.32      6          1
   1      800       Base Water Heating                            kBtu/hr      $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1        15          1         1        $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      8          1
   1      801       Demand controlled circulating systems           unit      $59.00     $165.00    $0.00      $224.00         1        15          1         1       $224.00        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      8          1
   1      803       High Efficiency Water Heater (electric)       kBtu/hr      $1.31      $0.00     $0.00       $1.31          1        15          1         1        $1.31         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      8          2
   1      804       Hot Water Pipe Insulation                   Lin Ft Pipe    $0.37      $2.44     $0.00       $2.81          1        15          1         1        $2.81         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      8          1
   1      805       Tankless Water Heater                         kBtu/hr      $6.73      $4.54     $0.00       $11.27         1        20          1         1        $11.27        1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      8          1
   1      910       Base Vending Machines                        machine       $0.00      $0.00     $0.00       $0.00          1        10          1         1        $0.00         1.00        1.00       1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00      9          1
   1      911       Vending Misers (cooled machines only)        machine      $180.00    $35.50     $0.00      $215.50         1        10          1         1       $215.50        0.66        0.94       1.32      1.00   0.81   1.32      9          1




                                                                                                                        B.3 - 2
                                                                        B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


BASE TECHNOLOGY EUIs
(kWh/square foot)
                                                                                Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        110       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 4L4'T12, 34W, 2EEMAG             9.09            2.56            4.21            8.29            5.39            4.22            8.33            2.95            4.09
   1        130       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 34W, 1EEMAG             9.09            2.56            4.21            8.29            5.39            4.22            8.33            2.95            4.09
   1        150       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L8'T12, 60W, 1EEMAG             9.09            2.56            4.21            8.29            5.39            4.22            8.33            2.95            4.09
   1        160       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Screw-in CFL              30.14            8.48           13.94           27.47           17.87           13.99           27.61            9.78           13.57
   1        165       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Hardwired CFL             30.14            8.48           13.94           27.47           17.87           13.99           27.61            9.78           13.57
   1        175       Base High Bay Metal Halide, 400W                           9.35            2.63            4.33            8.52            5.55            4.34            8.57            3.03            4.21
   1        180       Base 4L4'T8, 1EB                                           5.23            1.47            2.42            4.77            3.10            2.43            4.79            1.70            2.35
   1        185       Base 2L4'T8, 1EB                                           5.23            1.47            2.42            4.77            3.10            2.43            4.79            1.70            2.35
   1        190       Base Exit Sign (13 w)                                     0.040           0.055           0.019           0.008           0.013           0.021           0.054           0.031           0.017
   1        220       Base Mercury Vapor 400W Lamp                               1.49            3.93            1.23            1.93            1.17            0.26            0.35            0.63            1.06
   1        300       Base Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons            3.30            0.00            0.00            0.00            1.51            2.38            5.00            3.29            2.43
   1        310       Base DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons                 4.03            7.67            4.25            7.29            1.60            2.32            3.83            3.16            4.15
   1        400       Base Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 87.5%                        1.84            2.02            0.58            0.75            1.02            1.04            1.62            0.62            1.15
   1        410       Base Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 91.0%                       1.71            1.87            0.54            0.70            0.94            0.96            1.50            0.57            1.07
   1        420       Base Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 93.0%                       1.68            1.84            0.53            0.68            0.93            0.95            1.47            0.56            1.05
   1        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                                  21.4
   1        610       Base Desktop PC                                            0.54            0.04            0.09            0.03            0.34            0.09            0.33            0.03            0.43
   1        620       Base Monitor, 17" CRT                                      0.53            0.04            0.09            0.03            0.34            0.09            0.32            0.03            0.42
   1        630       Base Monitor, 17" LCD                                      0.00            0.00            0.00            0.00            0.00            0.00            0.00            0.00            0.00
   1        640       Base Copier                                                0.18            0.03            0.06            0.07            0.08            0.02            0.21            0.01            0.23
   1        650       Base Laser Printer                                         0.35            0.07            0.12            0.04            0.21            0.06            0.37            0.03            0.36
   1        800       Base Water Heating                                         0.25            1.40            0.22            1.46            1.75            1.75            1.83            2.61            0.41
   1        910       Base Vending Machines                                      0.33            0.44            0.05            0.08            0.22            0.12            0.10            0.18            0.07




                                                                                               B.3 - 3
                                                                        B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)
                                                                                Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        110       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 4L4'T12, 34W, 2EEMAG
   1        114       RET 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%
   1        115       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector                       65.7%           65.7%           65.7%           65.7%           65.7%           65.7%           65.7%           65.7%           65.7%
   1        117       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               30.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        118       Continuous Dimming, 5L4' Fluorescent Fixtures             75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        120       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        130       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 34W, 1EEMAG
   1        133       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%           31.4%
   1        134       RET 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM                   64.3%           64.3%           64.3%           64.3%           64.3%           64.3%           64.3%           64.3%           64.3%
   1        136       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               30.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        137       Continuous Dimming, 10L4' Fluorescent Fixtures            75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        139       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        150       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L8'T12, 60W, 1EEMAG
   1        152       RET 2 - 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                              26.8%           26.8%           26.8%           26.8%           26.8%           26.8%           26.8%           26.8%           26.8%
   1        153       RET 2 - 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM               63.4%           63.4%           63.4%           63.4%           63.4%           63.4%           63.4%           63.4%           63.4%
   1        155       Occupancy Sensor, 4L8' Fluorescent Fixtures               30.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        156       Continuous Dimming, 5L8' Fluorescent Fixtures             75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        160       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Screw-in CFL
   1        161       CFL Screw-in 18W                                          72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%
   1        165       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Hardwired CFL
   1        166       CFL Hardwired, Modular 18W                                72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%           72.0%
   1        175       Base High Bay Metal Halide, 400W
   1        176       High Bay T5                                               37.4%           37.4%           37.4%           37.4%           37.4%           37.4%           37.4%           37.4%           37.4%
   1        180       Base 4L4'T8, 1EB
   1        181       ROB 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  15.8%           15.8%           15.8%           15.8%           15.8%           15.8%           15.8%           15.8%           15.8%
   1        182       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               30.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        183       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        185       Base 2L4'T8, 1EB
   1        186       ROB 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  17.2%           17.2%           17.2%           17.2%           17.2%           17.2%           17.2%           17.2%           17.2%
   1        187       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               30.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        188       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        190       Base Exit Sign
   1        191       LED Exit Sign                                             80.8%           80.8%           80.8%           80.8%           80.8%           80.8%           80.8%           80.8%           80.8%
   1        220       Base Outdoor Mercury Vapor 400W Lamp
   1        221       High Pressure Sodium 250W Lamp                            35.0%           35.0%           35.0%           35.0%           35.0%           35.0%           35.0%           35.0%           35.0%
   1        222       Outdoor Lighting Controls (Photocell/Timeclock)           22.2%           22.2%           22.2%           22.2%           22.2%           22.2%           22.2%           22.2%           22.2%
   1        300       Base Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons
   1        301       Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons                12.1%           12.1%           12.1%           12.1%           12.1%           12.1%           12.1%           12.1%           12.1%
   1        302       Window Film (Standard)                                    9.3%            10.3%           2.5%            9.4%            3.9%            4.0%            1.2%            7.0%            2.5%
   1        303       EMS - Chiller                                             10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
   1        304       Cool Roof - Chiller                                       1.8%            6.9%            13.0%           15.5%           6.1%            1.3%            0.6%            0.4%            13.0%
   1        305       Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                               8.0%            8.0%            8.0%            8.0%            8.0%            8.0%            8.0%            8.0%            8.0%
   1        306       VSD for Chiller Pumps and Towers                          10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
   1        307       EMS Optimization                                          5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        308       Economizer                                                27.0%           0.0%            21.0%           0.0%            12.0%           19.0%           18.0%           43.0%           0.0%
   1        310       Base DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons
   1        311       DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                          5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%




                                                                                               B.3 - 4
                                                                  B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)
                                                                          Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        312       DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons               5.5%            5.5%            5.5%            5.5%            5.5%            5.5%            5.5%            5.5%            5.5%
   1        313       Window Film (Standard)                              9.3%            10.3%           2.5%            9.4%            3.9%            4.0%            1.2%            7.0%            2.5%
   1        314       Evaporative Pre-Cooler                              13.0%           13.0%           13.0%           13.0%           13.0%           13.0%           13.0%           13.0%           13.0%
   1        315       Prog. Thermostat - DX                               5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        316       Cool Roof - DX                                      1.8%            6.9%            13.0%           15.5%           6.1%            1.3%            0.6%            0.4%            13.0%
   1        317       Optimize Controls - DX                              5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        318       Economizer                                          28.0%           12.0%           27.0%           2.0%            5.0%            4.0%            0.0%            4.0%            4.0%
   1        400       Base Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 87.5%
   1        401       Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 89.5%                      2.2%            2.2%            2.2%            2.2%            2.2%            2.2%            2.2%            2.2%            2.2%
   1        402       Variable Speed Drive Control, 5 HP                  30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%
   1        410       Base Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 91.0%
   1        411       Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 92.4%                     1.5%            1.5%            1.5%            1.5%            1.5%            1.5%            1.5%            1.5%            1.5%
   1        412       Variable Speed Drive Control, 15 HP                 30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%
   1        413       Air Handler Tuneups                                 10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
   1        420       Base Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 93.0%
   1        421       Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 94.1%                     1.2%            1.2%            1.2%            1.2%            1.2%            1.2%            1.2%            1.2%            1.2%
   1        422       Variable Speed Drive Control, 40 HP                 30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%
   1        423       Air Handler Tuneups                                 10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
   1        500       Base Refrigeration System
   1        501       High-efficiency fan motors                                                                          12.0%
   1        502       Strip curtains for walk-ins                                                                         4.0%
   1        503       Night covers for display cases                                                                      5.8%
   1        504       Evaporator fan controller for MT walk-ins                                                           0.6%
   1        505       Efficient compressor motor retrofit                                                                 6.8%
   1        506       Compressor VSD retrofit                                                                             6.2%
   1        507       Floating head pressure controls                                                                     6.8%
   1        508       Refrigeration Commissioning                                                                         5.0%
   1        509       Demand Hot Gas Defrost                                                                              2.5%
   1        510       Demand Defrost Electric                                                                             7.8%
   1        511       Anti-sweat (humidistat) controls                                                                    5.0%
   1        610       Base Desktop PC
   1        611       PC Manual Power Management Enabling                 68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%
   1        612       PC Network Power Management Enabling                68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%           68.0%
   1        620       Base Monitor, CRT
   1        621       Energy Star or Better Monitor                       56.1%           56.1%           56.1%           56.1%           56.1%           56.1%           56.1%           56.1%           56.1%
   1        622       Monitor Power Management Enabling                   53.4%           53.4%           53.4%           53.4%           53.4%           53.4%           53.4%           53.4%           53.4%
   1        630       Base Monitor, LCD
   1        631       Energy Star or Better Monitor                       2.3%            2.3%            2.3%            2.3%            2.3%            2.3%            2.3%            2.3%            2.3%
   1        632       Monitor Power Management Enabling                   27.9%           27.9%           27.9%           27.9%           27.9%           27.9%           27.9%           27.9%           27.9%
   1        640       Base Copier
   1        641       Energy Star or Better Copier                        20.5%           20.5%           20.5%           20.5%           20.5%           20.5%           20.5%           20.5%           20.5%
   1        642       Copier Power Management Enabling                    19.4%           19.4%           19.4%           19.4%           19.4%           19.4%           19.4%           19.4%           19.4%
   1        650       Base Laser Printer
   1        651       Printer Power Management Enabling                   49.2%           49.2%           49.2%           49.2%           49.2%           49.2%           49.2%           49.2%           49.2%
   1        800       Base Water Heating
   1        801       Demand controlled circulating systems               5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        803       High Efficiency Water Heater (electric)             2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%




                                                                                         B.3 - 5
                                                  B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)
                                                          Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        804       Hot Water Pipe Insulation           2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%            2.0%
   1        805       Tankless Water Heater               10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
   1        910       Base Vending Machines
   1        911       Vending Misers                      40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%




                                                                         B.3 - 6
                                                                        B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        110       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 4L4'T12, 34W, 2EEMAG            27.5%           28.2%           8.4%            21.5%           39.1%           24.9%           15.9%           8.9%            33.0%
   1        114       RET 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  27.5%           28.2%           8.4%            21.5%           39.1%           24.9%           15.9%           8.9%            33.0%
   1        115       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector                       27.5%           28.2%           8.4%            21.5%           39.1%           24.9%           15.9%           8.9%            33.0%
   1        117       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               27.5%           28.2%           8.4%            21.5%           39.1%           24.9%           15.9%           8.9%            33.0%
   1        118       Continuous Dimming, 5L4' Fluorescent Fixtures             27.5%           28.2%           8.4%            21.5%           39.1%           24.9%           15.9%           8.9%            33.0%
   1        120       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    27.5%           28.2%           8.4%            21.5%           39.1%           24.9%           15.9%           8.9%            33.0%
   1        130       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 34W, 1EEMAG            24.3%           7.5%            12.3%           17.6%           19.1%           18.3%           24.9%           2.1%            5.6%
   1        133       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  24.3%           7.5%            12.3%           17.6%           19.1%           18.3%           24.9%           2.1%            5.6%
   1        134       RET 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM                   24.3%           7.5%            12.3%           17.6%           19.1%           18.3%           24.9%           2.1%            5.6%
   1        136       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               24.3%           7.5%            12.3%           17.6%           19.1%           18.3%           24.9%           2.1%            5.6%
   1        137       Continuous Dimming, 10L4' Fluorescent Fixtures            24.3%           7.5%            12.3%           17.6%           19.1%           18.3%           24.9%           2.1%            5.6%
   1        139       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    24.3%           7.5%            12.3%           17.6%           19.1%           18.3%           24.9%           2.1%            5.6%
   1        150       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L8'T12, 60W, 1EEMAG            7.2%            20.2%           27.7%           14.4%           4.2%            16.6%           6.0%            22.9%           18.9%
   1        152       RET 2 - 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                              7.2%            20.2%           27.7%           14.4%           4.2%            16.6%           6.0%            22.9%           18.9%
   1        153       RET 2 - 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM               7.2%            20.2%           27.7%           14.4%           4.2%            16.6%           6.0%            22.9%           18.9%
   1        155       Occupancy Sensor, 4L8' Fluorescent Fixtures               7.2%            20.2%           27.7%           14.4%           4.2%            16.6%           6.0%            22.9%           18.9%
   1        156       Continuous Dimming, 5L8' Fluorescent Fixtures             7.2%            20.2%           27.7%           14.4%           4.2%            16.6%           6.0%            22.9%           18.9%
   1        160       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Screw-in CFL              8.5%            15.7%           11.1%           24.1%           10.2%           7.6%            18.0%           41.5%           10.5%
   1        161       CFL Screw-in 18W                                          8.5%            15.7%           11.1%           24.1%           10.2%           7.6%            18.0%           41.5%           10.5%
   1        165       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Hardwired CFL             2.8%            5.2%            3.7%            8.0%            3.4%            2.5%            6.0%            13.8%           3.5%
   1        166       CFL Hardwired, Modular 18W                                2.8%            5.2%            3.7%            8.0%            3.4%            2.5%            6.0%            13.8%           3.5%
   1        175       Base High Bay Metal Halide, 400W                          4.8%            10.8%           2.7%            5.1%            10.5%           9.2%            4.0%            4.6%            11.8%
   1        176       High Bay T5                                               4.8%            10.8%           2.7%            5.1%            10.5%           9.2%            4.0%            4.6%            11.8%
   1        180       Base 4L4'T8, 1EB                                          12.4%           6.7%            9.9%            4.3%            8.1%            8.9%            8.2%            0.6%            4.7%
   1        181       ROB 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  12.4%           6.7%            9.9%            4.3%            8.1%            8.9%            8.2%            0.6%            4.7%
   1        182       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               12.4%           6.7%            9.9%            4.3%            8.1%            8.9%            8.2%            0.6%            4.7%
   1        183       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    12.4%           6.7%            9.9%            4.3%            8.1%            8.9%            8.2%            0.6%            4.7%
   1        185       Base 2L4'T8, 1EB                                          11.7%           2.2%            24.2%           3.9%            4.2%            11.9%           16.6%           2.9%            10.8%
   1        186       ROB 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  11.7%           2.2%            24.2%           3.9%            4.2%            11.9%           16.6%           2.9%            10.8%
   1        187       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               11.7%           2.2%            24.2%           3.9%            4.2%            11.9%           16.6%           2.9%            10.8%
   1        188       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    11.7%           2.2%            24.2%           3.9%            4.2%            11.9%           16.6%           2.9%            10.8%
   1        190       Base Exit Sign                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        191       LED Exit Sign                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        220       Base Outdoor Mercury Vapor 400W Lamp                      88.6%           7.0%            79.4%           88.0%           94.0%           98.8%           79.0%           77.9%           13.5%
   1        221       High Pressure Sodium 250W Lamp                            88.6%           7.0%            79.4%           88.0%           94.0%           98.8%           79.0%           77.9%           13.5%
   1        222       Outdoor Lighting Controls (Photocell/Timeclock)           88.6%           7.0%            79.4%           88.0%           94.0%           98.8%           79.0%           77.9%           13.5%
   1        300       Base Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons           15.0%           0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           17.7%           30.0%           25.8%           14.3%
   1        301       Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons                15.0%           0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           17.7%           30.0%           25.8%           14.3%
   1        302       Window Film (Standard)                                    15.0%           0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           17.7%           30.0%           25.8%           14.3%
   1        303       EMS - Chiller                                             15.0%           0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           17.7%           30.0%           25.8%           14.3%
   1        304       Cool Roof - Chiller                                       15.0%           0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           17.7%           30.0%           25.8%           14.3%
   1        305       Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                               15.0%           0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           17.7%           30.0%           25.8%           14.3%
   1        306       VSD for Chiller Pumps and Towers                          15.0%           0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           17.7%           30.0%           25.8%           14.3%
   1        307       EMS Optimization                                          15.0%           0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           17.7%           30.0%           25.8%           14.3%
   1        308       Economizer                                                15.0%           0.0%            0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           17.7%           30.0%           25.8%           14.3%
   1        310       Base DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons                71.4%           74.2%           83.1%           90.1%           82.2%           76.7%           61.9%           62.5%           50.6%




                                                                                               B.3 - 7
                                                                  B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                          Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        311       DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                    71.4%           74.2%           83.1%           90.1%           82.2%           76.7%           61.9%           62.5%           50.6%
   1        312       DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons               71.4%           74.2%           83.1%           90.1%           82.2%           76.7%           61.9%           62.5%           50.6%
   1        313       Window Film (Standard)                              71.4%           74.2%           83.1%           90.1%           82.2%           76.7%           61.9%           62.5%           50.6%
   1        314       Evaporative Pre-Cooler                              71.4%           74.2%           83.1%           90.1%           82.2%           76.7%           61.9%           62.5%           50.6%
   1        315       Prog. Thermostat - DX                               71.4%           74.2%           83.1%           90.1%           82.2%           76.7%           61.9%           62.5%           50.6%
   1        316       Cool Roof - DX                                      71.4%           74.2%           83.1%           90.1%           82.2%           76.7%           61.9%           62.5%           50.6%
   1        317       Optimize Controls - DX                              71.4%           74.2%           83.1%           90.1%           82.2%           76.7%           61.9%           62.5%           50.6%
   1        318       Economizer                                          71.4%           74.2%           83.1%           90.1%           82.2%           76.7%           61.9%           62.5%           50.6%
   1        400       Base Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 87.5%                 49.9%           98.7%           56.2%           50.7%           78.2%           51.3%           37.4%           73.4%           53.4%
   1        401       Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 89.5%                      49.9%           98.7%           56.2%           50.7%           78.2%           51.3%           37.4%           73.4%           53.4%
   1        402       Variable Speed Drive Control, 5 HP                  49.9%           98.7%           56.2%           50.7%           78.2%           51.3%           37.4%           73.4%           53.4%
   1        410       Base Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 91.0%                20.2%           0.0%            22.3%           48.9%           21.5%           35.4%           36.8%           19.3%           18.6%
   1        411       Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 92.4%                     20.2%           0.0%            22.3%           48.9%           21.5%           35.4%           36.8%           19.3%           18.6%
   1        412       Variable Speed Drive Control, 15 HP                 20.2%           0.0%            22.3%           48.9%           21.5%           35.4%           36.8%           19.3%           18.6%
   1        413       Air Handler Tuneups                                 20.2%           0.0%            22.3%           48.9%           21.5%           35.4%           36.8%           19.3%           18.6%
   1        420       Base Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 93.0%                25.1%           0.0%            18.9%           0.0%            0.0%            13.3%           25.8%           7.3%            4.9%
   1        421       Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 94.1%                     25.1%           0.0%            18.9%           0.0%            0.0%            13.3%           25.8%           7.3%            4.9%
   1        422       Variable Speed Drive Control, 40 HP                 25.1%           0.0%            18.9%           0.0%            0.0%            13.3%           25.8%           7.3%            4.9%
   1        423       Air Handler Tuneups                                 25.1%           0.0%            18.9%           0.0%            0.0%            13.3%           25.8%           7.3%            4.9%
   1        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                          100.0%
   1        501       High-efficiency fan motors                                                                         100.0%
   1        502       Strip curtains for walk-ins                                                                        100.0%
   1        503       Night covers for display cases                                                                     100.0%
   1        504       Evaporator fan controller for MT walk-ins                                                          100.0%
   1        505       Efficient compressor motor retrofit                                                                100.0%
   1        506       Compressor VSD retrofit                                                                            100.0%
   1        507       Floating head pressure controls                                                                    100.0%
   1        508       Refrigeration Commissioning                                                                        100.0%
   1        509       Demand Hot Gas Defrost                                                                              95.9%
   1        510       Demand Defrost Electric                                                                             95.9%
   1        511       Anti-sweat (humidistat) controls                                                                   100.0%
   1        610       Base Desktop PC                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        611       PC Manual Power Management Enabling                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        612       PC Network Power Management Enabling               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        620       Base Monitor                                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        621       Energy Star or Better Monitor                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        622       Monitor Power Management Enabling                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        630       Base Monitor                                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        631       Energy Star or Better Monitor                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        632       Monitor Power Management Enabling                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        640       Base Copier                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        641       Energy Star or Better Copier                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        642       Copier Power Management Enabling                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        650       Base Laser Printer                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        651       Printer Power Management Enabling                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        800       Base Water Heating                                  48.2%           0.7%            30.1%           34.5%           20.6%           20.6%           6.9%            33.3%           30.3%




                                                                                         B.3 - 8
                                                                B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                        Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                           Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        801       Demand controlled circulating systems             48.2%           0.7%            30.1%           34.5%           20.6%           20.6%           6.9%            33.3%           30.3%
   1        803       High Efficiency Water Heater (electric)           48.2%           0.7%            30.1%           34.5%           20.6%           20.6%           6.9%            33.3%           30.3%
   1        804       Hot Water Pipe Insulation                         48.2%           0.7%            30.1%           34.5%           20.6%           20.6%           6.9%            33.3%           30.3%
   1        805       Tankless Water Heater                             48.2%           0.7%            30.1%           34.5%           20.6%           20.6%           6.9%            33.3%           30.3%
   1        910       Base Vending Machines                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        911       Vending Misers                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                                       B.3 - 9
                                                                         B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)
                                                                                 Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
 Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
    1        110       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 4L4'T12, 34W, 2EEMAG           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        114       RET 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        115       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        117       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        118       Continuous Dimming, 5L4' Fluorescent Fixtures            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        120       Lighing Control Tuneup                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        130       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 34W, 1EEMAG           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        133       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        134       RET 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        136       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        137       Continuous Dimming, 10L4' Fluorescent Fixtures           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        139       Lighing Control Tuneup                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        150       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L8'T12, 60W, 1EEMAG           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        152       RET 2 - 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        153       RET 2 - 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        155       Occupancy Sensor, 4L8' Fluorescent Fixtures              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        156       Continuous Dimming, 5L8' Fluorescent Fixtures            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        160       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Screw-in CFL             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        161       CFL Screw-in 18W                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        165       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Hardwired CFL            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        166       CFL Hardwired, Modular 18W                               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        175       Base High Bay Metal Halide, 400W                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        176       High Bay T5                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        180       Base 4L4'T8, 1EB                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        181       ROB 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        182       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        183       Lighing Control Tuneup                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        185       Base 2L4'T8, 1EB                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        186       ROB 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        187       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        188       Lighing Control Tuneup                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        190       Base Exit Sign                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        191       LED Exit Sign                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        220       Base Outdoor Mercury Vapor 400W Lamp                     100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        221       High Pressure Sodium 250W Lamp                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        222       Outdoor Lighting Controls (Photocell/Timeclock)          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        300       Base Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        301       Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons                89.2%           89.2%           89.2%           89.2%           89.2%           89.2%           89.2%           89.2%           89.2%
    1        302       Window Film (Standard)                                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        303       EMS - Chiller                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        304       Cool Roof - Chiller                                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        305       Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        306       VSD for Chiller Pumps and Towers                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        307       EMS Optimization                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        308       Economizer                                               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        310       Base DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        311       DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                                               B.3 - 10
                                                                   B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)
                                                                           Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
 Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
    1        312       DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons               86.4%           86.4%           86.4%           86.4%           86.4%           86.4%           86.4%           86.4%           86.4%
    1        313       Window Film (Standard)                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        314       Evaporative Pre-Cooler                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        315       Prog. Thermostat - DX                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        316       Cool Roof - DX                                     100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        317       Optimize Controls - DX                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        318       Economizer                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        400       Base Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 87.5%                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        401       Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 89.5%                     100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        402       Variable Speed Drive Control, 5 HP                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        410       Base Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 91.0%               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        411       Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 92.4%                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        412       Variable Speed Drive Control, 15 HP                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        413       Air Handler Tuneups                                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        420       Base Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 93.0%               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        421       Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 94.1%                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        422       Variable Speed Drive Control, 40 HP                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        423       Air Handler Tuneups                                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                          100.0%
    1        501       High-efficiency fan motors                                                                         100.0%
    1        502       Strip curtains for walk-ins                                                                        100.0%
    1        503       Night covers for display cases                                                                     100.0%
    1        504       Evaporator fan controller for MT walk-ins                                                          100.0%
    1        505       Efficient compressor motor retrofit                                                                100.0%
    1        506       Compressor VSD retrofit                                                                            100.0%
    1        507       Floating head pressure controls                                                                    100.0%
    1        508       Refrigeration Commissioning                                                                        100.0%
    1        509       Demand Hot Gas Defrost                                                                             100.0%
    1        510       Demand Defrost Electric                                                                            100.0%
    1        511       Anti-sweat (humidistat) controls                                                                   100.0%
    1        610       Base Desktop PC                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        611       PC Manual Power Management Enabling                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        612       PC Network Power Management Enabling               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        620       Base Monitor, CRT                                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        621       Energy Star or Better Monitor                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        622       Monitor Power Management Enabling                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        630       Base Monitor, LCD                                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        631       Energy Star or Better Monitor                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        632       Monitor Power Management Enabling                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        640       Base Copier                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        641       Energy Star or Better Copier                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        642       Copier Power Management Enabling                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        650       Base Laser Printer                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        651       Printer Power Management Enabling                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        800       Base Water Heating                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        801       Demand controlled circulating systems              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        803       High Efficiency Water Heater (electric)            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                                         B.3 - 11
                                                   B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)
                                                           Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
 Segment   Measure #   Measure Description             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
    1        804       Hot Water Pipe Insulation          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        805       Tankless Water Heater              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        910       Base Vending Machines              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    1        911       Vending Misers                     100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                         B.3 - 12
                                                                        B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


FEASIBILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        110       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 4L4'T12, 34W, 2EEMAG           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        114       RET 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  70.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%
   1        115       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector                       30.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        117       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               40.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        118       Continuous Dimming, 5L4' Fluorescent Fixtures             40.0%           50.0%           12.0%           26.0%           30.0%           30.0%           10.0%           30.0%           30.0%
   1        120       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    40.0%           10.0%           40.0%           25.0%           25.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           25.0%
   1        130       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 34W, 1EEMAG           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        133       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
   1        134       RET 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM                   10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
   1        136       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               40.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        137       Continuous Dimming, 10L4' Fluorescent Fixtures            40.0%           50.0%           12.0%           26.0%           30.0%           30.0%           10.0%           30.0%           30.0%
   1        139       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    40.0%           10.0%           40.0%           25.0%           25.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           25.0%
   1        150       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L8'T12, 60W, 1EEMAG           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        152       RET 2 - 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                              70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%
   1        153       RET 2 - 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM               30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%
   1        155       Occupancy Sensor, 4L8' Fluorescent Fixtures               40.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        156       Continuous Dimming, 5L8' Fluorescent Fixtures             40.0%           50.0%           12.0%           26.0%           30.0%           30.0%           10.0%           30.0%           30.0%
   1        160       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Screw-in CFL             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        161       CFL Screw-in 18W                                          90.0%           50.0%           50.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           70.0%           90.0%
   1        165       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Hardwired CFL            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        166       CFL Hardwired, Modular 18W                                90.0%           50.0%           50.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           70.0%           90.0%
   1        175       Base High Bay Metal Halide, 400W                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        176       High Bay T5                                              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        180       Base 4L4'T8, 1EB                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        181       ROB 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        182       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               40.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        183       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    40.0%           10.0%           40.0%           25.0%           25.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           25.0%
   1        185       Base 2L4'T8, 1EB                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        186       ROB 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        187       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               40.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           20.0%           20.0%
   1        188       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    40.0%           10.0%           40.0%           25.0%           25.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           25.0%
   1        190       Base Exit Sign                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        191       LED Exit Sign                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        220       Base Outdoor Mercury Vapor 400W Lamp                     100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        221       High Pressure Sodium 250W Lamp                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        222       Outdoor Lighting Controls (Photocell/Timeclock)           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
   1        300       Base Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        301       Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        302       Window Film (Standard)                                    75.0%           75.0%           50.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        303       EMS - Chiller                                            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        304       Cool Roof - Chiller                                       50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
   1        305       Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                               75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        306       VSD for Chiller Pumps and Towers                          75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        307       EMS Optimization                                          75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        308       Economizer                                                50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
   1        310       Base DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        311       DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                          75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%




                                                                                              B.3 - 13
                                                                  B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


FEASIBILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                          Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        312       DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        313       Window Film (Standard)                              75.0%           75.0%           50.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        314       Evaporative Pre-Cooler                              25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%
   1        315       Prog. Thermostat - DX                               75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        316       Cool Roof - DX                                      50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
   1        317       Optimize Controls - DX                              75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        318       Economizer                                          50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
   1        400       Base Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 87.5%                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        401       Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 89.5%                     100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        402       Variable Speed Drive Control, 5 HP                  23.9%           0.0%            19.0%           0.0%            23.2%           30.9%           17.9%           3.7%            10.4%
   1        410       Base Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 91.0%               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        411       Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 92.4%                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        412       Variable Speed Drive Control, 15 HP                 70.7%           0.0%            18.6%           0.0%            66.8%           88.1%           85.7%           6.5%            34.8%
   1        413       Air Handler Tuneups                                 75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        420       Base Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 93.0%               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        421       Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 94.1%                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        422       Variable Speed Drive Control, 40 HP                 86.9%           0.0%            68.4%           0.0%            0.0%            90.0%           88.2%           30.4%           55.0%
   1        423       Air Handler Tuneups                                 75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                          100.0%
   1        501       High-efficiency fan motors                                                                         100.0%
   1        502       Strip curtains for walk-ins                                                                        100.0%
   1        503       Night covers for display cases                                                                      50.0%
   1        504       Evaporator fan controller for MT walk-ins                                                          100.0%
   1        505       Efficient compressor motor retrofit                                                                100.0%
   1        506       Compressor VSD retrofit                                                                             50.0%
   1        507       Floating head pressure controls                                                                    100.0%
   1        508       Refrigeration Commissioning                                                                        100.0%
   1        509       Demand Hot Gas Defrost                                                                             100.0%
   1        510       Demand Defrost Electric                                                                            100.0%
   1        511       Anti-sweat (humidistat) controls                                                                   100.0%
   1        610       Base Desktop PC                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        611       PC Manual Power Management Enabling                 75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        612       PC Network Power Management Enabling                75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        620       Base Monitor, CRT                                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        621       Energy Star or Better Monitor                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        622       Monitor Power Management Enabling                   75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        630       Base Monitor, LCD                                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        631       Energy Star or Better Monitor                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        632       Monitor Power Management Enabling                   75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        640       Base Copier                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        641       Energy Star or Better Copier                       100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        642       Copier Power Management Enabling                    75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        650       Base Laser Printer                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        651       Printer Power Management Enabling                   75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        800       Base Water Heating                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        801       Demand controlled circulating systems               75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        803       High Efficiency Water Heater (electric)            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%




                                                                                        B.3 - 14
                                                  B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


FEASIBILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                          Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        804       Hot Water Pipe Insulation           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        805       Tankless Water Heater               75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        910       Base Vending Machines              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        911       Vending Misers                      70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%           70.0%




                                                                        B.3 - 15
                                                                        B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


INCOMPLETE FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                                Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        110       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 4L4'T12, 34W, 2EEMAG           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        114       RET 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%
   1        115       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector                      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        117       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%
   1        118       Continuous Dimming, 5L4' Fluorescent Fixtures            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        120       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%
   1        130       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 34W, 1EEMAG           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        133       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%
   1        134       RET 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        136       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%
   1        137       Continuous Dimming, 10L4' Fluorescent Fixtures           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        139       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%
   1        150       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L8'T12, 60W, 1EEMAG           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        152       RET 2 - 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                              68.3%           80.1%           37.8%           82.7%           82.6%           67.6%           62.2%           75.5%           71.3%
   1        153       RET 2 - 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        155       Occupancy Sensor, 4L8' Fluorescent Fixtures               91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%
   1        156       Continuous Dimming, 5L8' Fluorescent Fixtures            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        160       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Screw-in CFL             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        161       CFL Screw-in 18W                                          63.6%           59.8%           31.6%           80.2%           70.0%           46.0%           55.6%           58.9%           63.6%
   1        165       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Hardwired CFL            100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        166       CFL Hardwired, Modular 18W                                63.6%           59.8%           31.6%           80.2%           70.0%           46.0%           55.6%           58.9%           63.6%
   1        175       Base High Bay Metal Halide, 400W                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        176       High Bay T5                                               95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
   1        180       Base 4L4'T8, 1EB                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        181       ROB 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%
   1        182       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%
   1        183       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%
   1        185       Base 2L4'T8, 1EB                                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        186       ROB 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%           94.9%
   1        187       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%           91.6%
   1        188       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%
   1        190       Base Exit Sign                                           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        191       LED Exit Sign                                             81.2%           97.8%           93.3%          100.0%           89.9%           83.8%           94.7%           86.5%           95.4%
   1        220       Base Outdoor Mercury Vapor 400W Lamp                     100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        221       High Pressure Sodium 250W Lamp                            65.6%           65.6%           65.6%           65.6%           65.6%           65.6%           65.6%           65.6%           65.6%
   1        222       Outdoor Lighting Controls (Photocell/Timeclock)           10.1%           10.1%           10.1%           10.1%           10.1%           10.1%           10.1%           10.1%           10.1%
   1        300       Base Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        301       Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        302       Window Film (Standard)                                    13.5%           96.9%           94.0%           51.2%           83.0%           91.7%           34.8%           66.7%           82.7%
   1        303       EMS - Chiller                                             7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%            7.5%
   1        304       Cool Roof - Chiller                                       48.5%           50.4%           62.7%           46.1%           79.7%           94.1%           64.2%          100.0%           92.4%
   1        305       Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                               50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
   1        306       VSD for Chiller Pumps and Towers                          61.7%           61.7%           61.7%           61.7%           61.7%           61.7%           61.7%           61.7%           61.7%
   1        307       EMS Optimization                                          50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%           50.0%
   1        308       Economizer                                                12.6%           12.6%           12.6%           12.6%           12.6%           12.6%           12.6%           12.6%           12.6%
   1        310       Base DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        311       DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                          33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%




                                                                                              B.3 - 16
                                                                  B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


INCOMPLETE FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                          Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        312       DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        313       Window Film (Standard)                              13.5%           96.9%           94.0%           51.2%           83.0%           91.7%           34.8%           66.7%           82.7%
   1        314       Evaporative Pre-Cooler                             100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        315       Prog. Thermostat - DX                               66.9%           66.9%           66.9%           66.9%           66.9%           66.9%           66.9%           66.9%           66.9%
   1        316       Cool Roof - DX                                      48.5%           50.4%           62.7%           46.1%           79.7%           94.1%           64.2%          100.0%           92.4%
   1        317       Optimize Controls - DX                              33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%           33.0%
   1        318       Economizer                                          16.8%           95.0%           40.1%           82.0%           36.2%          100.0%           50.0%           51.9%           90.7%
   1        400       Base Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 87.5%                100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        401       Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 89.5%                     100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        402       Variable Speed Drive Control, 5 HP                  95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
   1        410       Base Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 91.0%               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        411       Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 92.4%                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        412       Variable Speed Drive Control, 15 HP                 39.3%           95.0%           75.0%           75.0%           50.0%           50.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        413       Air Handler Tuneups                                 75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        420       Base Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 93.0%               100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        421       Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 94.1%                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        422       Variable Speed Drive Control, 40 HP                 39.3%           95.0%           75.0%           75.0%           50.0%           50.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        423       Air Handler Tuneups                                 75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                          100.0%
   1        501       High-efficiency fan motors                                                                          95.0%
   1        502       Strip curtains for walk-ins                                                                         70.0%
   1        503       Night covers for display cases                                                                      95.0%
   1        504       Evaporator fan controller for MT walk-ins                                                           80.0%
   1        505       Efficient compressor motor retrofit                                                                 70.0%
   1        506       Compressor VSD retrofit                                                                             80.0%
   1        507       Floating head pressure controls                                                                     25.0%
   1        508       Refrigeration Commissioning                                                                         50.0%
   1        509       Demand Hot Gas Defrost                                                                              30.0%
   1        510       Demand Defrost Electric                                                                             95.0%
   1        511       Anti-sweat (humidistat) controls                                                                    75.0%
   1        610       Base Desktop PC                                    100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        611       PC Manual Power Management Enabling                 75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        612       PC Network Power Management Enabling                75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        620       Base Monitor, CRT                                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        621       Energy Star or Better Monitor                       5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        622       Monitor Power Management Enabling                   40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%
   1        630       Base Monitor, LCD                                  100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        631       Energy Star or Better Monitor                       5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%            5.0%
   1        632       Monitor Power Management Enabling                   40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%           40.0%
   1        640       Base Copier                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        641       Energy Star or Better Copier                        10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
   1        642       Copier Power Management Enabling                    66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%
   1        650       Base Laser Printer                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        651       Printer Power Management Enabling                   46.0%           46.0%           46.0%           46.0%           46.0%           46.0%           46.0%           46.0%           46.0%
   1        800       Base Water Heating                                 100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        801       Demand controlled circulating systems               66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%           66.0%
   1        803       High Efficiency Water Heater (electric)             95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%




                                                                                        B.3 - 17
                                                  B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


INCOMPLETE FACTOR
(percent)
                                                          Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        804       Hot Water Pipe Insulation           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%           75.0%
   1        805       Tankless Water Heater               95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
   1        910       Base Vending Machines              100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   1        911       Vending Misers                     100.0%          100.0%           87.3%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%           53.0%          100.0%




                                                                        B.3 - 18
                                                                        B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


TECHNOLOGY SATURATION
(units/square foot)
                                                                                Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        110       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 4L4'T12, 34W, 2EEMAG           0.0133          0.0072          0.0112          0.0132          0.0151          0.0085          0.0103          0.0075          0.0105
   1        114       RET 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 0.0133          0.0072          0.0112          0.0132          0.0151          0.0085          0.0103          0.0075          0.0105
   1        115       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector                      0.0133          0.0072          0.0112          0.0132          0.0151          0.0085          0.0103          0.0075          0.0105
   1        117       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures              0.0133          0.0072          0.0112          0.0132          0.0151          0.0085          0.0103          0.0075          0.0105
   1        118       Continuous Dimming, 5L4' Fluorescent Fixtures            0.0133          0.0072          0.0112          0.0132          0.0151          0.0085          0.0103          0.0075          0.0105
   1        120       Lighing Control Tuneup                                   1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        130       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 34W, 1EEMAG           0.0267          0.0143          0.0223          0.0265          0.0301          0.0170          0.0205          0.0149          0.0209
   1        133       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 0.0267          0.0143          0.0223          0.0265          0.0301          0.0170          0.0205          0.0149          0.0209
   1        134       RET 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM                  0.0267          0.0143          0.0223          0.0265          0.0301          0.0170          0.0205          0.0149          0.0209
   1        136       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures              0.0267          0.0143          0.0223          0.0265          0.0301          0.0170          0.0205          0.0149          0.0209
   1        137       Continuous Dimming, 10L4' Fluorescent Fixtures           0.0267          0.0143          0.0223          0.0265          0.0301          0.0170          0.0205          0.0149          0.0209
   1        139       Lighing Control Tuneup                                   1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        150       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L8'T12, 60W, 1EEMAG           0.0156          0.0084          0.0131          0.0155          0.0176          0.0100          0.0120          0.0087          0.0123
   1        152       RET 2 - 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                             0.0156          0.0084          0.0131          0.0155          0.0176          0.0100          0.0120          0.0087          0.0123
   1        153       RET 2 - 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM              0.0156          0.0084          0.0131          0.0155          0.0176          0.0100          0.0120          0.0087          0.0123
   1        155       Occupancy Sensor, 4L8' Fluorescent Fixtures              0.0156          0.0084          0.0131          0.0155          0.0176          0.0100          0.0120          0.0087          0.0123
   1        156       Continuous Dimming, 5L8' Fluorescent Fixtures            0.0156          0.0084          0.0131          0.0155          0.0176          0.0100          0.0120          0.0087          0.0123
   1        160       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Screw-in CFL             0.0849          0.0456          0.0711          0.0843          0.0959          0.0541          0.0653          0.0475          0.0666
   1        161       CFL Screw-in 18W                                         0.0849          0.0456          0.0711          0.0843          0.0959          0.0541          0.0653          0.0475          0.0666
   1        165       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Hardwired CFL            0.0425          0.0228          0.0355          0.0421          0.0480          0.0271          0.0327          0.0238          0.0333
   1        166       CFL Hardwired, Modular 18W                               0.0425          0.0228          0.0355          0.0421          0.0480          0.0271          0.0327          0.0238          0.0333
   1        175       Base High Bay Metal Halide, 400W                         0.0049          0.0027          0.0041          0.0049          0.0056          0.0031          0.0038          0.0028          0.0039
   1        176       High Bay T5                                              0.0049          0.0027          0.0041          0.0049          0.0056          0.0031          0.0038          0.0028          0.0039
   1        180       Base 4L4'T8, 1EB                                         0.0099          0.0053          0.0083          0.0098          0.0111          0.0063          0.0076          0.0055          0.0077
   1        181       ROB 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 0.0099          0.0053          0.0083          0.0098          0.0111          0.0063          0.0076          0.0055          0.0077
   1        182       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures              0.0099          0.0053          0.0083          0.0098          0.0111          0.0063          0.0076          0.0055          0.0077
   1        183       Lighing Control Tuneup                                   1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        185       Base 2L4'T8, 1EB                                         0.0190          0.0102          0.0159          0.0189          0.0215          0.0121          0.0146          0.0107          0.0149
   1        186       ROB 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                 0.0190          0.0102          0.0159          0.0189          0.0215          0.0121          0.0146          0.0107          0.0149
   1        187       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures              0.0190          0.0102          0.0159          0.0189          0.0215          0.0121          0.0146          0.0107          0.0149
   1        188       Lighing Control Tuneup                                   1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        190       Base Exit Sign                                           0.0003          0.0005          0.0002          0.0001          0.0001          0.0002          0.0005          0.0003          0.0001
   1        191       LED Exit Sign                                            0.0003          0.0005          0.0002          0.0001          0.0001          0.0002          0.0005          0.0003          0.0001
   1        220       Base Outdoor Mercury Vapor 400W Lamp                     0.0011          0.0027          0.0008          0.0014          0.0008          0.0002          0.0003          0.0004          0.0007
   1        221       High Pressure Sodium 250W Lamp                           0.0011          0.0027          0.0008          0.0014          0.0008          0.0002          0.0003          0.0004          0.0007
   1        222       Outdoor Lighting Controls (Photocell/Timeclock)          0.0003          0.0007          0.0002          0.0003          0.0002          0.0000          0.0001          0.0001          0.0002
   1        300       Base Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons          0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        301       Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons               0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        302       Window Film (Standard)                                   0.0877          0.0284          0.0409          0.0460          0.0242          0.0625          0.0171          0.0171          0.0284
   1        303       EMS - Chiller                                            0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        304       Cool Roof - Chiller                                      0.5000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          0.5000          0.4333          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        305       Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                              1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        306       VSD for Chiller Pumps and Towers                         0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        307       EMS Optimization                                         1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        308       Economizer                                               0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        310       Base DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons               0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0030          0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        311       DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                         1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000




                                                                                              B.3 - 19
                                                                  B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


TECHNOLOGY SATURATION
(units/square foot)
                                                                          Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        312       DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons              0.0030          0.0030          0.0030           0.0030         0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        313       Window Film (Standard)                             0.0877          0.0284          0.0409           0.0460         0.0242          0.0625          0.0171          0.0171          0.0284
   1        314       Evaporative Pre-Cooler                             0.0030          0.0030          0.0030           0.0030         0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        315       Prog. Thermostat - DX                              0.0030          0.0030          0.0030           0.0030         0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        316       Cool Roof - DX                                     0.5000          1.0000          1.0000           1.0000         0.5000          0.4333          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        317       Optimize Controls - DX                             1.0000          1.0000          1.0000           1.0000         1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        318       Economizer                                         0.0030          0.0030          0.0030           0.0030         0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   1        400       Base Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 87.5%                0.0012          0.0012          0.0006           0.0006         0.0012          0.0009          0.0012          0.0012          0.0012
   1        401       Fan Motor, 5hp, 1800rpm, 89.5%                     0.0012          0.0012          0.0006           0.0006         0.0012          0.0009          0.0012          0.0012          0.0012
   1        402       Variable Speed Drive Control, 5 HP                 0.0012          0.0012          0.0006           0.0006         0.0012          0.0009          0.0012          0.0012          0.0012
   1        410       Base Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 91.0%               0.0012          0.0011          0.0006           0.0006         0.0012          0.0009          0.0012          0.0012          0.0012
   1        411       Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 92.4%                    0.0012          0.0011          0.0006           0.0006         0.0012          0.0009          0.0012          0.0012          0.0012
   1        412       Variable Speed Drive Control, 15 HP                0.0012          0.0011          0.0006           0.0006         0.0012          0.0009          0.0012          0.0012          0.0012
   1        413       Air Handler Tuneups                                1.0000          1.0000          1.0000           1.0000         1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        420       Base Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 93.0%               0.0012          0.0011          0.0006           0.0006         0.0012          0.0009          0.0012          0.0012          0.0012
   1        421       Fan Motor, 40hp, 1800rpm, 94.1%                    0.0012          0.0011          0.0006           0.0006         0.0012          0.0009          0.0012          0.0012          0.0012
   1        422       Variable Speed Drive Control, 40 HP                0.0012          0.0011          0.0006           0.0006         0.0012          0.0009          0.0012          0.0012          0.0012
   1        423       Air Handler Tuneups                                1.0000          1.0000          1.0000           1.0000         1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   1        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                          0.00003
   1        501       High-efficiency fan motors                                                                         0.00003
   1        502       Strip curtains for walk-ins                                                                        0.00003
   1        503       Night covers for display cases                                                                     0.01230
   1        504       Evaporator fan controller for MT walk-ins                                                          0.00015
   1        505       Efficient compressor motor retrofit                                                                0.00003
   1        506       Compressor VSD retrofit                                                                            0.00003
   1        507       Floating head pressure controls                                                                    0.00003
   1        508       Refrigeration Commissioning                                                                        0.00155
   1        509       Demand Hot Gas Defrost                                                                             0.00130
   1        510       Demand Defrost Electric                                                                            0.00130
   1        511       Anti-sweat (humidistat) controls                                                                   0.00003
   1        610       Base Desktop PC                                    0.0018          0.0001          0.0003           0.0001         0.0012          0.0003          0.0011          0.0001          0.0015
   1        611       PC Manual Power Management Enabling                0.0018          0.0001          0.0003           0.0001         0.0012          0.0003          0.0011          0.0001          0.0015
   1        612       PC Network Power Management Enabling               0.0018          0.0001          0.0003           0.0001         0.0012          0.0003          0.0011          0.0001          0.0015
   1        620       Base Monitor, CRT                                  0.0017          0.0001          0.0003           0.0001         0.0011          0.0003          0.0011          0.0001          0.0014
   1        621       Energy Star or Better Monitor                      0.0017          0.0001          0.0003           0.0001         0.0011          0.0003          0.0011          0.0001          0.0014
   1        622       Monitor Power Management Enabling                  0.0017          0.0001          0.0003           0.0001         0.0011          0.0003          0.0011          0.0001          0.0014
   1        630       Base Monitor, LCD                                  0.0001          0.0000          0.0000           0.0000         0.0001          0.0000          0.0001          0.0000          0.0001
   1        631       Energy Star or Better Monitor                      0.0001          0.0000          0.0000           0.0000         0.0001          0.0000          0.0001          0.0000          0.0001
   1        632       Monitor Power Management Enabling                  0.0001          0.0000          0.0000           0.0000         0.0001          0.0000          0.0001          0.0000          0.0001
   1        640       Base Copier                                        0.0002          0.0000          0.0001           0.0001         0.0001          0.0000          0.0002          0.0000          0.0002
   1        641       Energy Star or Better Copier                       0.0002          0.0000          0.0001           0.0001         0.0001          0.0000          0.0002          0.0000          0.0002
   1        642       Copier Power Management Enabling                   0.0002          0.0000          0.0001           0.0001         0.0001          0.0000          0.0002          0.0000          0.0002
   1        650       Base Laser Printer                                 0.0005          0.0001          0.0002           0.0001         0.0003          0.0001          0.0006          0.0001          0.0005
   1        651       Printer Power Management Enabling                  0.0005          0.0001          0.0002           0.0001         0.0003          0.0001          0.0006          0.0001          0.0005
   1        800       Base Water Heating                                 0.0015          0.0027          0.0013           0.0021         0.0025          0.0025          0.0026          0.0038          0.0016
   1        801       Demand controlled circulating systems              0.0001          0.0002          0.0001           0.0001         0.0001          0.0000          0.0000          0.0001          0.0001
   1        803       High Efficiency Water Heater (electric)            0.0015          0.0027          0.0013           0.0021         0.0025          0.0025          0.0026          0.0038          0.0016




                                                                                        B.3 - 20
                                                  B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


TECHNOLOGY SATURATION
(units/square foot)
                                                          Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description             Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   1        804       Hot Water Pipe Insulation          0.0011          0.0021          0.0010          0.0016          0.0019          0.0019          0.0020          0.0029          0.0012
   1        805       Tankless Water Heater              0.0015          0.0027          0.0013          0.0021          0.0025          0.0025          0.0026          0.0038          0.0016
   1        910       Base Vending Machines              0.0001          0.0001          0.0000          0.0000          0.0001          0.0000          0.0000          0.0000          0.0000
   1        911       Vending Misers                     0.0001          0.0001          0.0000          0.0000          0.0001          0.0000          0.0000          0.0000          0.0000




                                                                        B.3 - 21
                                                                         B.3 Measure Inputs - Commercial Existing


Hour Adjustment For Lighting
(Hours/year)
                                                                                 Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
 Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                                   Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
    1        110       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 4L4'T12, 34W, 2EEMAG            4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        114       RET 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        115       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector                       4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        117       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        118       Continuous Dimming, 5L4' Fluorescent Fixtures             4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        120       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        130       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L4'T12, 34W, 1EEMAG            4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        133       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        134       RET 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM                   4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        136       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        137       Continuous Dimming, 10L4' Fluorescent Fixtures            4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        139       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        150       Base Fluorescent Fixture, 2L8'T12, 60W, 1EEMAG            4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        152       RET 2 - 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                              4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        153       RET 2 - 1L4' Premium T8, 1EB, Reflector OEM               4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        155       Occupancy Sensor, 4L8' Fluorescent Fixtures               4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        156       Continuous Dimming, 5L8' Fluorescent Fixtures             4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        160       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Screw-in CFL              4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        161       CFL Screw-in 18W                                          4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        165       Base Incandescent Flood, 75W to Hardwired CFL             4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        166       CFL Hardwired, Modular 18W                                4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        175       Base High Bay Metal Halide, 400W                          4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        176       High Bay T5                                               4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        180       Base 4L4'T8, 1EB                                          4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        181       ROB 4L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        182       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        183       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        185       Base 2L4'T8, 1EB                                          4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        186       ROB 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                                  4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        187       Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures               4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        188       Lighing Control Tuneup                                    4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    1        190       Base Exit Sign                                            8760            8760            8760            8760            8760            8760            8760            8760            8760
    1        191       LED Exit Sign                                             8760            8760            8760            8760            8760            8760            8760            8760            8760
    1        220       Base Outdoor Mercury Vapor 400W Lamp                      4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380
    1        221       High Pressure Sodium 250W Lamp                            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380
    1        222       Outdoor Lighting Controls (Photocell/Timeclock)           4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380            4380




                                                                                               B.3 - 22
                                                                                                                 B.4 Measure Inputs - Commercial New




MEASURE COSTS                                                                                                    NPV of                                          Full = 1                                                                                      Implementatio
                                                                                                Unit      Unit   Lifetime Implementation Cost Units             Incr. = 0              Full                                                                         Type
                                                                        Savings     Cost     Equipment   Labor    O&M          Cost     per Savings   Service     Initial   Replace    Unit   Relative Energy Reduction Factors                                   1=1 time
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                                 Units     Units       Cost      Cost     Cost       Factor        Unit       Life        Cost      Cost      Cost       SP         SPP         SOP      WP     WPP    WOP    End Use     2=ROB
   2        100       Base Lighting                                      fixture   fixture     $0.00              $0.00       $0.00          1        70,000        1          1      $0.00      1.00        1.00        1.00     1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   2        101       Lighting 15% More Efficient Design                   sqft      sqft      $0.10              $0.00       $0.10          1          20          1          1      $0.10      1.00        1.00        1.00     1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   2        102       Lighting 25% More Efficient Design                   sqft      sqft      $0.25              $0.00       $0.25          1          20          1          1      $0.25      1.00        1.00        1.00     1.00   1.00   1.00      1          2
   2        300       Base Cooling and Ventilation                         ton       ton       $0.00              $0.00       $0.00          1          20          1          1      $0.00      1.00        1.00        1.00     1.00   1.00   1.00      3          2
   2        301       Cooling & Ventilation 10% More Efficient Design      sqft      sqft      $0.10              $0.00       $0.10          1          20          1          1      $0.10      1.00        1.00        1.00     1.00   1.00   1.00      3          2
   2        302       Cooling & Ventilation 30% More Efficient Design      sqft      sqft      $0.50              $0.00       $0.50          1          20          1          1      $0.50      1.00        1.00        1.00     1.00   1.00   1.00      3          2
   2        500       Base Refrigeration System                            sqft      sqft      $0.00              $0.00       $0.00          1          10          1          1      $0.00      1.00        1.00        1.00     1.00   1.00   1.00      5          2
   2        501       Refrigeration 10% More Efficient Design              sqft      sqft      $0.50              $0.00       $0.50          1          10          1          1      $0.50      1.00        1.00        1.00     1.00   1.00   1.00      5          2
   2        502       Refrigeration 20% More Efficient Design              sqft      sqft      $1.50              $0.00       $1.50          1          10          1          1      $1.50      1.00        1.00        1.00     1.00   1.00   1.00      5          2




                                                                                                                                     B.4 - 1
                                                     B.4 Measure Inputs - Commercial New


BASE TECHNOLOGY EUIs
(kWh/square foot)
                                                         Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College        Hospital          Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description            Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   2        100       Base Lighting                      5.23            1.47            2.42            4.77            3.10            2.43            4.79            1.70             2.35
   2        300       Base Cooling and Ventilation       4.49            7.64            3.83            6.39            2.02            2.64            4.57            3.01             3.87
   2        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                          21.4




                                                                            B.4 - 2
                                                                         B.4 Measure Inputs - Commercial New


Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)
                                                                             Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College        Hospital          Hotel      Miscellaneous
 Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                               Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
    2        100       Base Lighting                                        100.0%         100.0%           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    2        101       Lighting 15% More Efficient Design                   100.0%         100.0%           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    2        102       Lighting 25% More Efficient Design                   100.0%         100.0%           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    2        300       Base Cooling and Ventilation                         100.0%         100.0%           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    2        301       Cooling & Ventilation 10% More Efficient Design      100.0%         100.0%           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    2        302       Cooling & Ventilation 30% More Efficient Design      100.0%         100.0%           100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
    2        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                            100.0%
    2        501       Refrigeration 10% More Efficient Design                                                              100.0%
    2        502       Refrigeration 20% More Efficient Design                                                              100.0%




                                                                                                B.4 - 3
                                                                        B.4 Measure Inputs - Commercial New


ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)
                                                                            Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                               Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   2        100       Base Lighting
   2        101       Lighting 15% More Efficient Design                   15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%           15.0%            15.0%           15.0%           15.0%
   2        102       Lighting 25% More Efficient Design                   25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%           25.0%            25.0%           25.0%           25.0%
   2        300       Base Cooling and Ventilation
   2        301       Cooling & Ventilation 10% More Efficient Design      10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%           10.0%
   2        302       Cooling & Ventilation 30% More Efficient Design      30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%           30.0%
   2        500       Base Refrigeration System
   2        501       Refrigeration 10% More Efficient Design                                                              10.0%
   2        502       Refrigeration 20% More Efficient Design                                                              20.0%




                                                                                               B.4 - 4
                                                                        B.4 Measure Inputs - Commercial New


APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                            Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                               Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   2        100       Base Lighting                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        101       Lighting 15% More Efficient Design                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        102       Lighting 25% More Efficient Design                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        300       Base Cooling and Ventilation                         95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%            95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
   2        301       Cooling & Ventilation 10% More Efficient Design      95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%            95.0%           95.0%
   2        302       Cooling & Ventilation 30% More Efficient Design      95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%            95.0%           95.0%
   2        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                            100.0%
   2        501       Refrigeration 10% More Efficient Design                                                              100.0%
   2        502       Refrigeration 20% More Efficient Design                                                              100.0%




                                                                                               B.4 - 5
                                                                        B.4 Measure Inputs - Commercial New


FEASIBILITY FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                            Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                               Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   2        100       Base Lighting                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        101       Lighting 15% More Efficient Design                   95.0%            95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%           95.0%
   2        102       Lighting 25% More Efficient Design                   80.0%            80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%           80.0%
   2        300       Base Cooling and Ventilation                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        301       Cooling & Ventilation 10% More Efficient Design      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        302       Cooling & Ventilation 30% More Efficient Design      90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%            90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%           90.0%
   2        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                            100.0%
   2        501       Refrigeration 10% More Efficient Design                                                              100.0%
   2        502       Refrigeration 20% More Efficient Design                                                              100.0%




                                                                                               B.4 - 6
                                                                        B.4 Measure Inputs - Commercial New


INCOMPLETE FACTOR
(percent)
                                                                            Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                               Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   2        100       Base Lighting                                        100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        101       Lighting 15% More Efficient Design                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        102       Lighting 25% More Efficient Design                   100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        300       Base Cooling and Ventilation                         100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        301       Cooling & Ventilation 10% More Efficient Design      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        302       Cooling & Ventilation 30% More Efficient Design      100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%          100.0%
   2        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                            100.0%
   2        501       Refrigeration 10% More Efficient Design                                                               95.0%
   2        502       Refrigeration 20% More Efficient Design                                                               70.0%




                                                                                               B.4 - 7
                                                                        B.4 Measure Inputs - Commercial New


TECHNOLOGY SATURATION
(units/square foot)
                                                                            Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                               Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
   2        100       Base Lighting                                        0.0099          0.0053          0.0083         0.0098           0.0111          0.0063          0.0076          0.0055          0.0077
   2        101       Lighting 15% More Efficient Design                   1.0000          1.0000          1.0000         1.0000           1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   2        102       Lighting 25% More Efficient Design                   1.0000          1.0000          1.0000         1.0000           1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   2        300       Base Cooling and Ventilation                         0.0030          0.0030          0.0030         0.0030           0.0025          0.0030          0.0025          0.0035          0.0020
   2        301       Cooling & Ventilation 10% More Efficient Design      1.0000          1.0000          1.0000         1.0000           1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   2        302       Cooling & Ventilation 30% More Efficient Design      1.0000          1.0000          1.0000         1.0000           1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000          1.0000
   2        500       Base Refrigeration System                                                                           1.00000
   2        501       Refrigeration 10% More Efficient Design                                                             1.00000
   2        502       Refrigeration 20% More Efficient Design                                                             1.00000




                                                                                               B.4 - 8
                                                                         B.4 Measure Inputs - Commercial New


Hour Adjustment For Lighting
(Hours/year)
                                                                             Office       Restaurant         Retail       FoodStore         School          College         Hospital         Hotel      Miscellaneous
 Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                               Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9
    2        100       Base Lighting                                         4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    2        101       Lighting 15% More Efficient Design                    4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    2        102       Lighting 25% More Efficient Design                    4732            2477            2615            4346            2484            3449            5638            2743            2716
    2        210       Base Cooling and Ventilation
    2        301       Cooling & Ventilation 10% More Efficient Design
    2        302       Cooling & Ventilation 30% More Efficient Design
    2        410       Base Fan Motor, 15hp, 1800rpm, 91.0%
    2        411       Refrigeration 10% More Efficient Design
    2        412       Refrigeration 20% More Efficient Design




                                                                                                B.4 - 9
                                                                                                                         B.5 Measure Inputs - Industrial




MEASURE COSTS                                                                                              NPV of                                               Full = 1                                                                                             Implementatio
                                                                                       Unit      Unit      Lifetime   Implementation   Cost Units               Incr. = 0               Full                                                                         Type
                                                                   Savings   Cost    Equipment   Labor     O&M            Cost         per Savings    Service       Initial   Replace   Unit      Relative Energy Reduction Factors                                  1=1 time
 Segment   Measure # Measure Description                            Units    Units     Cost      Cost       Cost          Factor          Unit         Life         Cost       Cost     Cost          SP          SPP          SOP    WP     WPP    WOP    End Use   2=ROB
   1         100      Base Compressed Air                          $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.000    $0.000     $0.000          $0.000        1           14.5           1         1        $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         101      Compressed Air-O&M                           $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.009    $0.001     $0.000          $0.010        1            10            1         1        $0.010      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         102      Compressed Air - Controls                    $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.016    $0.002     $0.000          $0.017        1            10            1         1        $0.017      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         103      Compressed Air - System Optimization         $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.015    $0.001     $0.000          $0.016        1            10            1         1        $0.016      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         104      Compressed Air- Sizing                       $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.004    $0.000     $0.000          $0.005        1            10            1         1        $0.005      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         105      Comp Air - Replace 1-5 HP motor              $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.048    $0.005     $0.000          $0.053        1           14.5           1         1        $0.053      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         106      Comp Air - ASD (1-5 hp)                      $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.070    $0.007     $0.000          $0.077        1           14.5           1         1        $0.077      0.09         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         107      Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)        $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.019    $0.002     $0.000          $0.021        1           14.5           1         1        $0.021      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         108      Comp Air - Replace 6-100 HP motor            $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.027    $0.003     $0.000          $0.030        1            10            1         1        $0.030      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         109      Comp Air - ASD (6-100 hp)                    $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.002    $0.000     $0.000          $0.003        1            10            1         1        $0.003      0.09         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         110      Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)      $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.000     $0.000          $0.005        1            10            1         1        $0.005      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         111      Comp Air - Replace 100+ HP motor             $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.008    $0.001     $0.000          $0.009        1             6            1         1        $0.009      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         112      Comp Air - ASD (100+ hp)                     $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.001     $0.000          $0.006        1             6            1         1        $0.006      0.09         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         113      Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)       $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.002    $0.000     $0.000          $0.002        1             6            1         1        $0.002      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         114      Power recovery                               $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.003    $0.000     $0.000          $0.003        1            10            1         1        $0.003      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         115      Refinery Controls                            $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.003    $0.000     $0.000          $0.004        1            10            1         1        $0.004      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              1
   1         116      Energy Star Transformers                     $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.064    $0.006     $0.000          $0.070        1            25            1         1        $0.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     1              2
   1         200      Base Fans                                    $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.000    $0.000     $0.000          $0.000        1           14.5           1         1        $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         201      Fans - O&M                                   $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.001    $0.000     $0.000          $0.001        1            10            1         1        $0.001      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         202      Fans - Controls                              $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.084    $0.008     $0.000          $0.092        1            10            1         1        $0.092      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         203      Fans - System Optimization                   $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.055    $0.005     $0.000          $0.060        1            10            1         1        $0.060      0.47         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         204      Fans- Improve components                     $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.000     $0.000          $0.005        1            10            1         1        $0.005      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              2
   1         205      Fans - Replace 1-5 HP motor                  $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.048    $0.005     $0.000          $0.053        1           14.5           1         1        $0.053      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              2
   1         206      Fans - ASD (1-5 hp)                          $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.070    $0.007     $0.000          $0.077        1           14.5           1         1        $0.077      0.09         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              2
   1         207      Fans - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)            $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.019    $0.002     $0.000          $0.021        1           14.5           1         1        $0.021      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         208      Fans - Replace 6-100 HP motor                $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.027    $0.003     $0.000          $0.030        1            10            1         1        $0.030      1.00         1.00         0.50   1.00   1.00   0.50     2              2
   1         209      Fans - ASD (6-100 hp)                        $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.002    $0.000     $0.000          $0.003        1            10            1         1        $0.003      0.09         0.50         0.00   1.00   0.75   0.00     2              2
   1         210      Fans - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)          $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.000     $0.000          $0.005        1            10            1         1        $0.005      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         211      Fans - Replace 100+ HP motor                 $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.008    $0.001     $0.000          $0.009        1             6            1         1        $0.009      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              2
   1         212      Fans - ASD (100+ hp)                         $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.001     $0.000          $0.006        1             6            1         1        $0.006      0.09         1.00         0.50   1.00   1.00   0.50     2              2
   1         213      Fans - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)           $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.002    $0.000     $0.000          $0.002        1             6            1         1        $0.002      1.00         0.50         0.00   1.00   0.75   0.00     2              1
   1         214      Optimize drying process                      $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.046    $0.005     $0.000          $0.050        1            10            1         1        $0.050      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         215      Power recovery                               $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.003    $0.000     $0.000          $0.003        1            10            1         1        $0.003      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         216      Refinery Controls                            $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.003    $0.000     $0.000          $0.004        1            10            1         1        $0.004      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              1
   1         217      Energy Star Transformers                     $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.064    $0.006     $0.000          $0.070        1            25            1         1        $0.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     2              2
   1         300      Base Pumps                                   $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.000    $0.000     $0.000          $0.000        1           14.5           1         1        $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         301      Pumps - O&M                                  $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.000     $0.000          $0.005        1            10            1         1        $0.005      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         302      Pumps - Controls                             $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.025    $0.002     $0.000          $0.027        1            10            1         1        $0.027      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         303      Pumps - System Optimization                  $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.060    $0.006     $0.000          $0.066        1            10            1         1        $0.066      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         304      Pumps - Sizing                               $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.018    $0.002     $0.000          $0.020        1            10            1         1        $0.020      1.00         0.50         0.00   1.00   0.00   0.00     3              2
   1         305      Pumps - Replace 1-5 HP motor                 $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.048    $0.005     $0.000          $0.053        1           14.5           1         1        $0.053      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              2
   1         306      Pumps - ASD (1-5 hp)                         $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.070    $0.007     $0.000          $0.077        1           14.5           1         1        $0.077      0.09         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              2
   1         307      Pumps - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)           $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.019    $0.002     $0.000          $0.021        1           14.5           1         1        $0.021      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         308      Pumps - Replace 6-100 HP motor               $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.027    $0.003     $0.000          $0.030        1            10            1         1        $0.030      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              2
   1         309      Pumps - ASD (6-100 hp)                       $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.002    $0.000     $0.000          $0.003        1            10            1         1        $0.003      0.09         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              2
   1         310      Pumps - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)         $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.000     $0.000          $0.005        1            10            1         1        $0.005      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         311      Pumps - Replace 100+ HP motor                $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.008    $0.001     $0.000          $0.009        1             6            1         1        $0.009      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              2
   1         312      Pumps - ASD (100+ hp)                        $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.001     $0.000          $0.006        1             6            1         1        $0.006      0.09         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              2
   1         313      Pumps - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)          $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.002    $0.000     $0.000          $0.002        1             6            1         1        $0.002      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         314      Power recovery                               $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.003    $0.000     $0.000          $0.003        1            10            1         1        $0.003      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         315      Refinery Controls                            $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.003    $0.000     $0.000          $0.004        1            10            1         1        $0.004      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         316      Energy Star Transformers                     $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.064    $0.006     $0.000          $0.070        1            25            1         1        $0.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              2
   1         317      Low Pressure Nozzle                          $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.019    $0.000     $0.000          $0.019        1             8            1         1        $0.019      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         318      Micro Watering System                        $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.054    $0.000     $0.000          $0.054        1            20            1         1        $0.054      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         319      Pump Retrofit - Irrigation                   $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.010    $0.000     $0.000          $0.010        1             9            1         1        $0.010      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     3              1
   1         400      Base Drives                                  $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.000    $0.000     $0.000          $0.000        1            20            1         1        $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              1
   1         401      Bakery - Process (Mixing) - O&M              $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.000     $0.000          $0.005        1            10            1         1        $0.005      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              1
   1         402      O&M/drives spinning machines                 $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.029    $0.003     $0.000          $0.032        1            10            1         1        $0.032      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              1
   1         403      Air conveying systems                        $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.035    $0.003     $0.000          $0.038        1            14            1         1        $0.038      0.24         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2
   1         404      Replace V-Belts                              $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.001     $0.000          $0.006        1            10            1         1        $0.006      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2
   1         405      Drives - EE motor                            $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.006    $0.001     $0.000          $0.006        1            10            1         1        $0.006      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2
   1         406      Gap Forming papermachine                     $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.007    $0.001     $0.000          $0.008        1            20            1         1        $0.008      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2
   1         407      High Consistency forming                     $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.007    $0.001     $0.000          $0.008        1            20            1         1        $0.008      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2
   1         408      Optimization control PM                      $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.011    $0.001     $0.000          $0.013        1            10            1         1        $0.013      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              1
   1         409      Efficient practices printing press           $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.009    $0.001     $0.000          $0.010        1            20            1         1        $0.010      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              1
   1         410      Efficient Printing press (fewer cylinders)   $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.055    $0.005     $0.000          $0.060        1            10            1         1        $0.060      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2
   1         411      Light cylinders                              $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.064    $0.006     $0.000          $0.070        1            10            1         1        $0.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2
   1         412      Efficient drives                             $/kWh     $/kWh      $0.005    $0.001     $0.000          $0.006        1            10            1         1        $0.006      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     4              2




                                                                                                                                            B.5 - 1
                                                                                                                                         B.5 Measure Inputs - Industrial




MEASURE COSTS                                                                                                              NPV of                                               Full = 1                                                                                              Implementatio
                                                                                                      Unit       Unit      Lifetime   Implementation   Cost Units               Incr. = 0                Full                                                                         Type
                                                                          Savings        Cost       Equipment   Labor      O&M            Cost         per Savings    Service       Initial   Replace    Unit      Relative Energy Reduction Factors                                  1=1 time
 Segment   Measure # Measure Description                                   Units         Units        Cost       Cost       Cost          Factor          Unit         Life         Cost       Cost     Cost           SP          SPP          SOP    WP     WPP    WOP    End Use   2=ROB
   1         413      Clean Room - Controls                                $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.020     $0.002     $0.000         $0.022         1            10            1         1         $0.022      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         414      Clean Room - New Designs                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.120     $0.012     $0.000         $0.132         1            10            1         1         $0.132      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         415      Drives - Process Controls (batch + site)             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.022     $0.002     $0.000         $0.024         1            10            1         1         $0.024      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         416      Process Drives - ASD                                 $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.002     $0.000     $0.000         $0.002         1            10            1         1         $0.002      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         417      O&M - Extruders/Injection Moulding                   $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.005     $0.000     $0.000         $0.005         1            12            1         1         $0.005      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             1
   1         418      Extruders/injection Moulding-multipump               $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.090     $0.009     $0.000         $0.099         1            12            1         1         $0.099      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         419      Direct drive Extruders                               $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.280     $0.028     $0.000         $0.308         1            12            1         1         $0.308      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         420      Injection Moulding - Impulse Cooling                 $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.063     $0.006     $0.000         $0.069         1            12            1         1         $0.069      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         421      Injection Moulding - Direct drive                    $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.088     $0.009     $0.000         $0.097         1            12            1         1         $0.097      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         422      Efficient grinding                                   $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.210     $0.021     $0.000         $0.231         1            15            1         1         $0.231      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         423      Process control                                      $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.002     $0.000     $0.000         $0.002         1            10            1         1         $0.002      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             1
   1         424      Process optimization                                 $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.027     $0.003     $0.000         $0.030         1            10            1         1         $0.030      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             1
   1         425      Drives - Process Control                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.014     $0.001     $0.000         $0.015         1            15            1         1         $0.015      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             1
   1         426      Efficient drives - rolling                           $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.008     $0.001     $0.000         $0.009         1            10            1         1         $0.009      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         427      Drives - Optimization process (M&T)                  $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.007     $0.001     $0.000         $0.008         1            10            1         1         $0.008      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             1
   1         428      Drives - Scheduling                                  $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.009     $0.001     $0.000         $0.010         1            10            1         1         $0.010      0.18         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             1
   1         429      Machinery                                            $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.011     $0.001     $0.000         $0.013         1            10            1         1         $0.013      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         430      Efficient Machinery                                  $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.006     $0.001     $0.000         $0.006         1            10            1         1         $0.006      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         431      Energy Star Transformers                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.064     $0.006     $0.000         $0.070         1            25            1         1         $0.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      4             2
   1         500      Base Heating                                         $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.000     $0.000     $0.000         $0.000         1            20            1         1         $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             1
   1         501      Bakery - Process                                     $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.046     $0.005     $0.000         $0.050         1            15            1         1         $0.050      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             2
   1         502      Drying (UV/IR)                                       $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.068     $0.007     $0.000         $0.075         1             8            1         1         $0.075      0.57         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             2
   1         503      Heat Pumps - Drying                                  $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.160     $0.016     $0.000         $0.176         1            15            1         1         $0.176      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             2
   1         504      Top-heating (glass)                                  $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.004     $0.000     $0.000         $0.004         1             8            1         1         $0.004      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             2
   1         505      Efficient electric melting                           $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.030     $0.003     $0.000         $0.033         1            20            1         1         $0.033      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             2
   1         506      Intelligent extruder (DOE)                           $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.015     $0.001     $0.000         $0.016         1            10            1         1         $0.016      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             2
   1         507      Near Net Shape Casting                               $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.011     $0.001     $0.000         $0.012         1            15            1         1         $0.012      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             2
   1         508      Heating - Process Control                            $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.014     $0.001     $0.000         $0.015         1            15            1         1         $0.015      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             1
   1         509      Efficient Curing ovens                               $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.073     $0.007     $0.000         $0.080         1            15            1         1         $0.080      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             2
   1         510      Heating - Optimization process (M&T)                 $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.007     $0.001     $0.000         $0.008         1            10            1         1         $0.008      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             1
   1         511      Heating - Scheduling                                 $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.009     $0.001     $0.000         $0.010         1            10            1         1         $0.010      0.18         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             1
   1         512      Energy Star Transformers                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.064     $0.006     $0.000         $0.070         1            25            1         1         $0.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      5             2
   1         550      Base Refrigeration                                   $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.000     $0.000     $0.000         $0.000         1            20            1         1         $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      6             1
   1         551      Efficient Refrigeration - Operations                 $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.007     $0.001     $0.000         $0.007         1            10            1         1         $0.007      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      6             1
   1         552      Optimization Refrigeration                           $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.099     $0.010     $0.000         $0.109         1            15            1         1         $0.109      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      6             1
   1         553      Energy Star Transformers                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.064     $0.006     $0.000         $0.070         1            25            1         1         $0.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      6             2
   1         600      Base Other Process                                   $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.000     $0.000     $0.000         $0.000         1            15            1         1         $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      7             1
   1         601      Other Process Controls (batch + site)                $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.022     $0.002     $0.000         $0.024         1            10            1         1         $0.024      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      7             1
   1         602      Efficient desalter                                   $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.036     $0.004     $0.000         $0.040         1            10            1         1         $0.040      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      7             2
   1         603      New transformers welding                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.046     $0.005     $0.000         $0.050         1            15            1         1         $0.050      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      7             2
   1         604      Efficient processes (welding, etc.)                  $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.046     $0.005     $0.000         $0.050         1            15            1         1         $0.050      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      7             2
   1         605      Process control                                      $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.015     $0.001     $0.000         $0.016         1            15            1         1         $0.016      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      7             1
   1         606      Power recovery                                       $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.003     $0.000     $0.000         $0.003         1            10            1         1         $0.003      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      7             1
   1         607      Refinery Controls                                    $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.003     $0.000     $0.000         $0.004         1            10            1         1         $0.004      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      7             1
   1         608      Energy Star Transformers                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.064     $0.006     $0.000         $0.070         1            25            1         1         $0.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      7             2
   1         700      Base Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons       $/ton         $/ton        $0.000     $0.000     $0.000         $0.000         1            20            1         1         $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             2
   1         701      Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons            $/ton         $/ton       $35.000     $0.000     $0.000        $35.000         1            20            1         1        $35.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             2
   1         702      Window Film - Chiller                             $/sf-window   $/sf-window      $3.070     $0.000     $0.000         $3.070         1            10            1         1         $3.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             1
   1         703      EMS - Chiller                                         $/ton         $/ton       $60.000     $0.000     $0.000        $60.000         1            10            1         1        $60.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             1
   1         704      Cool Roof - Chiller                                 $/sf-roof     $/sf-roof      $0.350     $0.000     $0.000         $0.350         1            10            1         1         $0.350      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             1
   1         705      Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                           $/ton         $/ton       $25.950     $0.000     $0.000        $25.950         1            10            1         1        $25.950      1.00         0.50         0.00   1.00   0.00   0.00      8             1
   1         706      Cooling Circ. Pumps - VSD                             $/ton         $/ton       $32.000    $10.000     $0.000        $42.000         1            15            1         1        $42.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             1
   1         707      Energy Star Transformers                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.064     $0.000     $0.000         $0.064         1            25            1         1         $0.064      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             2
   1         710      Base DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons            $/ton         $/ton        $0.000     $0.000     $0.000         $0.000         1            15            1         1         $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             2
   1         711      DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                      $/ton         $/ton       $33.740     $0.000     $0.000        $33.740         1             3            1         1        $33.740      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             1
   1         712      DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons                 $/ton         $/ton       $26.930     $0.000     $0.000        $26.930         1            15            1         1        $26.930      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             2
   1         713      Window Film - DX                                  $/sf-window   $/sf-window      $3.070     $0.000     $0.000         $3.070         1            10            1         1         $3.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             1
   1         714      Evaporative Pre-Cooler                                $/ton         $/ton      $133.333   $160.000     $0.000       $293.333         1            10            1         1       $293.333      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             1
   1         715      Prog. Thermostat - DX                                 $/ton         $/ton        $5.500    $15.000     $0.000        $20.500         1            10            1         1        $20.500      0.25         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             1
   1         716      Cool Roof - DX                                      $/sf-roof     $/sf-roof      $0.350     $0.000     $0.000         $0.350         1            10            1         1         $0.350      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             1
   1         717      Energy Star Transformers                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.064     $0.000     $0.000         $0.064         1            25            1         1         $0.064      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      8             2
   1         800      Base Lighting                                        fixture       fixture       $0.000     $0.000     $0.000         $0.000         1            10            1         1         $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      9             1
   1         801      RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                             fixture       fixture      $25.000     $9.400     $0.000        $34.400         1            15            1         1        $34.400      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      9             1
   1         802      CFL Hardwired, Modular 36W                           fixture       fixture      $19.000    $27.000     $0.000        $46.000         1             4            1         1        $46.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      9             1
   1         803      Metal Halide, 50W                                    fixture       fixture     $200.000    $60.000     $0.000       $260.000         1             5            1         1       $260.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      9             1
   1         804      Occupancy Sensor, 8L4' Fluorescent Fixtures          fixture       fixture      $12.250     $1.575     $0.000        $13.825         1             9            1         1        $13.825      1.00         1.00         0.50   1.00   1.00   0.50      9             1
   1         805      Energy Star Transformers                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.064     $0.000     $0.000         $0.064         1            25            1         1         $0.064      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00      9             2
   1         900      Base Other                                           $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.000     $0.000     $0.000         $0.000         1            15            1         1         $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     10             1
   1         901      Replace V-belts                                      $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.000     $0.000     $0.000         $0.000         1             5            1         1         $0.000      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     10             2
   1         902      Membranes for wastewater                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.032     $0.003     $0.000         $0.035         1            15            1         1         $0.035      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     10             2
   1         903      Energy Star Transformers                             $/kWh         $/kWh         $0.064     $0.006     $0.000         $0.070         1            25            1         1         $0.070      1.00         1.00         1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00     10             2




                                                                                                                                                            B.5 - 2
                                                                                                                                                  B.5 Measure Inputs - Industrial




APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Water          Sewage
                                                                       SIC20           SIC22            SIC24           SIC26            SIC28           SIC29            SIC30           SIC32            SIC33           SIC34           SIC35            SIC36           SIC37            SIC39          Pumping         Treatment        Irrigation
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                          Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9 Building Type 10 Building Type 11 Building Type 12 Building Type 13 Building Type 14 Building Type 15 Building Type 16 Building Type 17
   1        100       Base Compressed Air                                9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        101       Compressed Air-O&M                                 9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        102       Compressed Air - Controls                          9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        103       Compressed Air - System Optimization               9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        104       Compressed Air- Sizing                             9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        105       Comp Air - Replace 1-5 HP motor                    9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        106       Comp Air - ASD (1-5 hp)                            9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        107       Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)              9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        108       Comp Air - Replace 6-100 HP motor                  9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        109       Comp Air - ASD (6-100 hp)                          9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        110       Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)            9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        111       Comp Air - Replace 100+ HP motor                   9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        112       Comp Air - ASD (100+ hp)                           9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        113       Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)             9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        114       Power recovery                                     0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             13%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                               0%
   1        115       Refinery Controls                                  0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             13%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                               0%
   1        116       Energy Star Transformers                           9%              4%               5%              4%               2%             13%               4%              6%              6%              12%             16%              12%             14%              12%                              15%
   1        200       Base Fans                                         10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        201       Fans - O&M                                        10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        202       Fans - Controls                                   10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        203       Fans - System Optimization                        10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        204       Fans- Improve components                          10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        205       Fans - Replace 1-5 HP motor                       10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        206       Fans - ASD (1-5 hp)                               10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        207       Fans - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)                 10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        208       Fans - Replace 6-100 HP motor                     10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        209       Fans - ASD (6-100 hp)                             10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        210       Fans - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)               10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        211       Fans - Replace 100+ HP motor                      10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        212       Fans - ASD (100+ hp)                              10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        213       Fans - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)                10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        214       Optimize drying process                            0%              0%              10%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                               0%
   1        215       Power recovery                                     0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              8%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                               0%
   1        216       Refinery Controls                                  0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              8%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                               0%
   1        217       Energy Star Transformers                          10%              8%              10%             16%               5%              8%               7%             14%             14%               7%              6%               4%              6%               4%                              15%
   1        300       Base Pumps                                        17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%             100%
   1        301       Pumps - O&M                                       17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        302       Pumps - Controls                                  17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        303       Pumps - System Optimization                       17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        304       Pumps - Sizing                                    17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        305       Pumps - Replace 1-5 HP motor                      17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        306       Pumps - ASD (1-5 hp)                              17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        307       Pumps - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)                17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        308       Pumps - Replace 6-100 HP motor                    17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        309       Pumps - ASD (6-100 hp)                            17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        310       Pumps - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)              17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        311       Pumps - Replace 100+ HP motor                     17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        312       Pumps - ASD (100+ hp)                             17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        313       Pumps - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)               17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        314       Power recovery                                     0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             52%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             100%              0%
   1        315       Refinery Controls                                  0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             52%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             100%              0%
   1        316       Energy Star Transformers                          17%             10%              13%             27%              20%             52%               9%             18%             18%               9%              8%               5%              8%               5%             100%             51%
   1        317       Low Pressure Nozzle                                0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             90%
   1        318       Micro Watering System                              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             10%
   1        319       Pump Retrofit - Irrigation                         0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             100%
   1        400       Base Drives                                        3%             36%              47%             35%              16%              0%              33%             20%             21%              22%             21%              10%             14%              20%                              0%
   1        401       Bakery - Process (Mixing) - O&M                    3%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        402       O&M/drives spinning machines                       0%             36%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        403       Air conveying systems                              0%              0%              47%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        404       Replace V-Belts                                    0%              0%              47%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        405       Drives - EE motor                                  0%              0%              47%             35%               0%              0%               0%             20%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        406       Gap Forming papermachine                           0%              0%               0%             35%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        407       High Consistency forming                           0%              0%               0%             35%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        408       Optimization control PM                            0%              0%               0%             35%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        409       Efficient practices printing press                 0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        410       Efficient Printing press (fewer cylinders)         0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        411       Light cylinders                                    0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        412       Efficient drives                                   0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%




                                                                                                                                                                    B.5 - 3
                                                                                                                                                   B.5 Measure Inputs - Industrial




APPLICABILITY FACTOR
(percent)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Water          Sewage
                                                                        SIC20           SIC22            SIC24           SIC26            SIC28           SIC29            SIC30           SIC32            SIC33           SIC34           SIC35            SIC36           SIC37            SIC39          Pumping         Treatment        Irrigation
Segment   Measure #   Measure Description                           Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9 Building Type 10 Building Type 11 Building Type 12 Building Type 13 Building Type 14 Building Type 15 Building Type 16 Building Type 17
   1        413       Clean Room - Controls                               0%              0%               0%              0%              16%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%              10%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        414       Clean Room - New Designs                            0%              0%               0%              0%              16%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        415       Drives - Process Controls (batch + site)            0%              0%               0%              0%              16%              0%               0%             20%             21%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        416       Process Drives - ASD                                0%              0%               0%              0%              16%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              20%                              0%
   1        417       O&M - Extruders/Injection Moulding                  0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              33%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        418       Extruders/injection Moulding-multipump              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              33%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        419       Direct drive Extruders                              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              33%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        420       Injection Moulding - Impulse Cooling                0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              33%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        421       Injection Moulding - Direct drive                   0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              33%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        422       Efficient grinding                                  0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             20%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        423       Process control                                     0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             20%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        424       Process optimization                                0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             20%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        425       Drives - Process Control                            0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%             21%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        426       Efficient drives - rolling                          0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%             21%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        427       Drives - Optimization process (M&T)                 0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%              22%             21%               0%             14%               0%                              0%
   1        428       Drives - Scheduling                                 0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%              22%             21%              10%             14%              20%                              0%
   1        429       Machinery                                           0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%              22%             21%              10%             14%               0%                              0%
   1        430       Efficient Machinery                                 0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              20%                              0%
   1        431       Energy Star Transformers                            3%             36%              47%             35%              16%              0%              33%             20%             21%              22%             21%              10%             14%              20%                              0%
   1        500       Base Heating                                        8%              5%               6%              0%               0%              0%               0%             23%             20%              15%             10%              15%             10%              11%                              0%
   1        501       Bakery - Process                                    8%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        502       Drying (UV/IR)                                      0%              5%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        503       Heat Pumps - Drying                                 0%              0%               6%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        504       Top-heating (glass)                                 0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%             23%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        505       Efficient electric melting                          0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%             20%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        506       Intelligent extruder (DOE)                          0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%             20%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        507       Near Net Shape Casting                              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%             20%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        508       Heating - Process Control                           0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%             20%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        509       Efficient Curing ovens                              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%              15%             10%              15%             10%              11%                              0%
   1        510       Heating - Optimization process (M&T)                0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%              15%             10%               0%             10%               0%                              0%
   1        511       Heating - Scheduling                                0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%              15%             10%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        512       Energy Star Transformers                            8%              5%               6%              0%               0%              0%               0%             23%             20%              15%             10%              15%             10%              11%                              0%
   1        550       Base Refrigeration                                 26%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        551       Efficient Refrigeration - Operations               26%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        552       Optimization Refrigeration                         26%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        553       Energy Star Transformers                           26%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        600       Base Other Process                                  0%              0%               0%              0%               8%              0%               0%              0%              0%               5%              1%               5%              4%               1%                              0%
   1        601       Other Process Controls (batch + site)               0%              0%               0%              0%               8%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        602       Efficient desalter                                  0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        603       New transformers welding                            0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               5%              1%               0%              4%               0%                              0%
   1        604       Efficient processes (welding, etc.)                 0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               5%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        605       Process control                                     0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               1%                              0%
   1        606       Power recovery                                      0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        607       Refinery Controls                                   0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        608       Energy Star Transformers                            0%              0%               0%              0%               8%              0%               0%              0%              0%               5%              1%               5%              4%               1%                              0%
   1        700       Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons          2%              6%               2%              1%               0%              0%               1%              1%              1%               3%              2%               4%              6%               5%                              2%
   1        701       Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons          2%              6%               2%              1%               0%              0%               1%              1%              1%               3%              2%               4%              6%               5%                              2%
   1        702       Window Film - Chiller                               2%              6%               2%              1%               0%              0%               1%              1%              1%               3%              2%               4%              6%               5%                              2%
   1        703       EMS - Chiller                                       2%              6%               2%              1%               0%              0%               1%              1%              1%               3%              2%               4%              6%               5%                              2%
   1        704       Cool Roof - Chiller                                 2%              6%               2%              1%               0%              0%               1%              1%              1%               3%              2%               4%              6%               5%                              2%
   1        705       Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                         2%              6%               2%              1%               0%              0%               1%              1%              1%               3%              2%               4%              6%               5%                              2%
   1        706       Cooling Circ. Pumps - VSD                           2%              6%               2%              1%               0%              0%               1%              1%              1%               3%              2%               4%              6%               5%                              2%
   1        707       Energy Star Transformers                            2%              6%               2%              1%               0%              0%               1%              1%              1%               3%              2%               4%              6%               5%                              2%
   1        710       DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons               2%              4%               3%              2%               1%              2%               2%              3%              2%               7%              4%               7%             12%              12%                              2%
   1        711       DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                    2%              4%               3%              2%               1%              2%               2%              3%              2%               7%              4%               7%             12%              12%                              2%
   1        712       DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons               2%              4%               3%              2%               1%              2%               2%              3%              2%               7%              4%               7%             12%              12%                              2%
   1        713       Window Film - DX                                    2%              4%               3%              2%               1%              2%               2%              3%              2%               7%              4%               7%             12%              12%                              2%
   1        714       Evaporative Pre-Cooler                              2%              4%               3%              2%               1%              2%               2%              3%              2%               7%              4%               7%             12%              12%                              2%
   1        715       Prog. Thermostat - DX                               2%              4%               3%              2%               1%              2%               2%              3%              2%               7%              4%               7%             12%              12%                              2%
   1        716       Cool Roof - DX                                      2%              4%               3%              2%               1%              2%               2%              3%              2%               7%              4%               7%             12%              12%                              2%
   1        717       Energy Star Transformers                            2%              4%               3%              2%               1%              2%               2%              3%              2%               7%              4%               7%             12%              12%                              2%
   1        800       Base Lighting                                       7%             10%               6%              3%               4%              3%              10%              5%              4%              15%             14%              13%             16%              16%                              2%
   1        801       RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                            7%             10%               6%              3%               4%              3%              10%              5%              4%              15%             14%              13%             16%              16%                              2%
   1        802       CFL Hardwired, Modular 36W                          7%             10%               6%              3%               4%              3%              10%              5%              4%              15%             14%              13%             16%              16%                              2%
   1        803       Metal Halide, 50W                                   7%             10%               6%              3%               4%              3%              10%              5%              4%              15%             14%              13%             16%              16%                              2%
   1        804       Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures         7%             10%               6%              3%               4%              3%              10%              5%              4%              15%             14%              13%             16%              16%                              2%
   1        805       Energy Star Transformers                            7%             10%               6%              3%               4%              3%              10%              5%              4%              15%             14%              13%             16%              16%                              2%
   1        900       Base Other                                          7%              7%               6%              4%               1%              1%               4%              4%              1%               5%              7%               6%              8%               8%                              0%
   1        901       Replace V-belts                                     7%              7%               6%              4%               1%              1%               4%              4%              1%               5%              7%               6%              8%               8%                              0%
   1        902       Membranes for wastewater                            0%              7%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%              0%               0%              0%               0%              0%               0%                              0%
   1        903       Energy Star Transformers                            7%              7%               6%              4%               1%              1%               4%              4%              1%               5%              7%               6%              8%               8%                              0%




                                                                                                                                                                     B.5 - 4
                                                                                                                                                  B.5 Measure Inputs - Industrial




ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Water           Sewage
                                                                       SIC20           SIC22            SIC24           SIC26            SIC28           SIC29            SIC30           SIC32            SIC33           SIC34            SIC35           SIC36            SIC37           SIC39           Pumping        Treatment         Irrigation
 Segment   Measure # Measure Description                           Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9 Building Type 10 Building Type 11 Building Type 12 Building Type 13 Building Type 14 Building Type 15 Building Type 16 Building Type 17
   1         100      Base Compressed Air                              0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         101      Compressed Air-O&M                              16.8%            16.8%           16.8%            16.8%           16.8%            16.8%           16.8%            16.8%           16.8%            16.8%           16.8%            16.8%           16.8%            16.8%                            16.8%
   1         102      Compressed Air - Controls                       12.0%            12.0%           12.0%            12.0%           12.0%            12.0%           12.0%            12.0%           12.0%            12.0%           12.0%            12.0%           12.0%            12.0%                            12.0%
   1         103      Compressed Air - System Optimization            20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         104      Compressed Air- Sizing                           9.0%             9.0%            9.0%             9.0%            9.0%             9.0%            9.0%             9.0%            9.0%             9.0%            9.0%             9.0%            9.0%             9.0%                             9.0%
   1         105      Comp Air - Replace 1-5 HP motor                  5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%                             5.7%
   1         106      Comp Air - ASD (1-5 hp)                          6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%                             6.4%
   1         107      Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%                             4.8%
   1         108      Comp Air - Replace 6-100 HP motor                3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%                             3.5%
   1         109      Comp Air - ASD (6-100 hp)                        6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%                             6.4%
   1         110      Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)          2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%                             2.4%
   1         111      Comp Air - Replace 100+ HP motor                 3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%                             3.1%
   1         112      Comp Air - ASD (100+ hp)                         6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%                             6.4%
   1         113      Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)           1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%                             1.5%
   1         114      Power recovery                                   0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             1.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         115      Refinery Controls                                0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             2.5%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         116      Energy Star Transformers                        20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         200      Base Fans                                        0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         201      Fans - O&M                                       2.0%             2.0%            2.0%             2.0%            2.0%             2.0%            2.0%             2.0%            2.0%             2.0%            2.0%             2.0%            2.0%             2.0%                             2.0%
   1         202      Fans - Controls                                 30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%                            30.0%
   1         203      Fans - System Optimization                      21.2%            21.2%           21.2%            21.2%           21.2%            21.2%           21.2%            21.2%           21.2%            21.2%           21.2%            21.2%           21.2%            21.2%                            21.2%
   1         204      Fans- Improve components                         5.0%             5.0%            5.0%             5.0%            5.0%             5.0%            5.0%             5.0%            5.0%             5.0%            5.0%             5.0%            5.0%             5.0%                             5.0%
   1         205      Fans - Replace 1-5 HP motor                      5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%                             5.7%
   1         206      Fans - ASD (1-5 hp)                              6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%                             6.4%
   1         207      Fans - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)                4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%                             4.8%
   1         208      Fans - Replace 6-100 HP motor                    3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%                             3.5%
   1         209      Fans - ASD (6-100 hp)                            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%                             6.4%
   1         210      Fans - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)              2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%                             2.4%
   1         211      Fans - Replace 100+ HP motor                     3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%                             3.1%
   1         212      Fans - ASD (100+ hp)                             6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%                             6.4%
   1         213      Fans - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)               1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%                             1.5%
   1         214      Optimize drying process                          0.0%             0.0%           20.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         215      Power recovery                                   0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             1.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         216      Refinery Controls                                0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             2.5%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         217      Energy Star Transformers                        20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         300      Base Pumps                                       0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           0.00%             0.0%           0.00%
   1         301      Pumps - O&M                                     10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%
   1         302      Pumps - Controls                                30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%            30.0%           30.0%
   1         303      Pumps - System Optimization                     33.0%            33.0%           33.0%            33.0%           33.0%            33.0%           33.0%            33.0%           33.0%            33.0%           33.0%            33.0%           33.0%            33.0%           33.0%            33.0%           33.0%
   1         304      Pumps - Sizing                                  20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%
   1         305      Pumps - Replace 1-5 HP motor                     5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%             5.7%            5.7%
   1         306      Pumps - ASD (1-5 hp)                             6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%
   1         307      Pumps - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)               4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%             4.8%            4.8%
   1         308      Pumps - Replace 6-100 HP motor                   3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%             3.5%            3.5%
   1         309      Pumps - ASD (6-100 hp)                           6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%
   1         310      Pumps - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)             2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%             2.4%            2.4%
   1         311      Pumps - Replace 100+ HP motor                    3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%             3.1%            3.1%
   1         312      Pumps - ASD (100+ hp)                            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%             6.4%            6.4%
   1         313      Pumps - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)              1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%             1.5%            1.5%
   1         314      Power recovery                                   0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             1.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%
   1         315      Refinery Controls                                0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             2.5%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%
   1         316      Energy Star Transformers                        20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%
   1         317      Low Pressure Nozzle                              0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           22.0%
   1         318      Micro Watering System                            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           13.0%
   1         319      Pump Retrofit - Irrigation                       0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           16.0%
   1         400      Base Drives                                      0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         401      Bakery - Process (Mixing) - O&M                 10.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         402      O&M/drives spinning machines                     0.0%            16.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         403      Air conveying systems                            0.0%             0.0%           41.3%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         404      Replace V-Belts                                  0.0%             0.0%            6.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         405      Drives - EE motor                                0.0%             0.0%            3.5%             3.1%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             3.5%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         406      Gap Forming papermachine                         0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             7.9%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         407      High Consistency forming                         0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             7.6%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         408      Optimization control PM                          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             5.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         409      Efficient practices printing press               0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         410      Efficient Printing press (fewer cylinders)       0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         411      Light cylinders                                  0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         412      Efficient drives                                 0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%




                                                                                                                                                                    B.5 - 5
                                                                                                                                                   B.5 Measure Inputs - Industrial




ENERGY SAVINGS
(percent)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Water           Sewage
                                                                        SIC20           SIC22            SIC24           SIC26            SIC28           SIC29            SIC30           SIC32            SIC33           SIC34            SIC35           SIC36            SIC37           SIC39           Pumping        Treatment         Irrigation
 Segment   Measure # Measure Description                            Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9 Building Type 10 Building Type 11 Building Type 12 Building Type 13 Building Type 14 Building Type 15 Building Type 16 Building Type 17
   1         413      Clean Room - Controls                             0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           10.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            10.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         414      Clean Room - New Designs                          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           30.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         415      Drives - Process Controls (batch + site)          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            8.0%             0.0%            0.0%             2.0%            5.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         416      Process Drives - ASD                              0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.6%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.6%                             0.0%
   1         417      O&M - Extruders/Injection Moulding                0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           10.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         418      Extruders/injection Moulding-multipump            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           30.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         419      Direct drive Extruders                            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           50.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         420      Injection Moulding - Impulse Cooling              0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           21.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         421      Injection Moulding - Direct drive                 0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           20.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         422      Efficient grinding                                0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            21.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         423      Process control                                   0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             2.0%            5.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         424      Process optimization                              0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            10.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         425      Drives - Process Control                          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            5.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         426      Efficient drives - rolling                        0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            5.8%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         427      Drives - Optimization process (M&T)               0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           10.0%             0.0%           10.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         428      Drives - Scheduling                               0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             5.5%            5.5%             5.0%            5.5%             5.0%                             0.0%
   1         429      Machinery                                         0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             7.0%            7.0%             3.5%           10.8%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         430      Efficient Machinery                               0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             3.5%                             3.5%
   1         431      Energy Star Transformers                         20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         500      Base Heating                                      0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         501      Bakery - Process                                 37.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         502      Drying (UV/IR)                                    0.0%            26.2%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         503      Heat Pumps - Drying                               0.0%             0.0%           22.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         504      Top-heating (glass)                               0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             4.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         505      Efficient electric melting                        0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           10.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         506      Intelligent extruder (DOE)                        0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            2.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         507      Near Net Shape Casting                            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%           12.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         508      Heating - Process Control                         0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            5.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         509      Efficient Curing ovens                            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                             0.0%
   1         510      Heating - Optimization process (M&T)              0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            10.0%           10.0%             0.0%           10.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         511      Heating - Scheduling                              0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             5.5%            5.5%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         512      Energy Star Transformers                         20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         550      Base Refrigeration                                0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         551      Efficient Refrigeration - Operations             12.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         552      Optimization Refrigeration                       26.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         553      Energy Star Transformers                         20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         600      Base Other Process                                0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         601      Other Process Controls (batch + site)             0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            8.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         602      Efficient desalter                                0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            20.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         603      New transformers welding                          0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            25.0%           25.0%             0.0%           25.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         604      Efficient processes (welding, etc.)               0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%            25.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         605      Process control                                   0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             4.0%                             0.0%
   1         606      Power recovery                                    0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             1.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         607      Refinery Controls                                 0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             2.5%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         608      Energy Star Transformers                         20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         700      Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons        0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         701      Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons       12.1%            12.1%           12.1%            12.1%           12.1%            12.1%           12.1%            12.1%           12.1%            12.1%           12.1%            12.1%           12.1%            12.1%                            12.1%
   1         702      Window Film - Chiller                            10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%                            10.3%
   1         703      EMS - Chiller                                    10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%                            10.0%
   1         704      Cool Roof - Chiller                               9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%                             9.6%
   1         705      Chiller Tune Up/Diagnostics                       8.0%             8.0%            8.0%             8.0%            8.0%             8.0%            8.0%             8.0%            8.0%             8.0%            8.0%             8.0%            8.0%             8.0%                             8.0%
   1         706      Cooling Circ. Pumps - VSD                         6.0%             6.0%            6.0%             6.0%            6.0%             6.0%            6.0%             6.0%            6.0%             6.0%            6.0%             6.0%            6.0%             6.0%                             6.0%
   1         707      Energy Star Transformers                         20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         710      DX Packaged System, EER=10.3, 10 tons             0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         711      DX Tune Up/ Advanced Diagnostics                 10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%                            10.0%
   1         712      DX Packaged System, EER=10.9, 10 tons             5.5%             5.5%            5.5%             5.5%            5.5%             5.5%            5.5%             5.5%            5.5%             5.5%            5.5%             5.5%            5.5%             5.5%                             5.5%
   1         713      Window Film - DX                                 10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%           10.3%            10.3%                            10.3%
   1         714      Evaporative Pre-Cooler                           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%                            10.0%
   1         715      Prog. Thermostat - DX                            10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%           10.0%            10.0%                            10.0%
   1         716      Cool Roof - DX                                    9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%            9.6%             9.6%                             9.6%
   1         717      Energy Star Transformers                         20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         800      Base Lighting                                     0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         801      RET 2L4' Premium T8, 1EB                         31.4%            31.4%           31.4%            31.4%           31.4%            31.4%           31.4%            31.4%           31.4%            31.4%           31.4%            31.4%           31.4%            31.4%                            31.4%
   1         802      CFL Hardwired, Modular 36W                       72.0%            72.0%           72.0%            72.0%           72.0%            72.0%           72.0%            72.0%           72.0%            72.0%           72.0%            72.0%           72.0%            72.0%                            72.0%
   1         803      Metal Halide, 50W                                58.0%            58.0%           58.0%            58.0%           58.0%            58.0%           58.0%            58.0%           58.0%            58.0%           58.0%            58.0%           58.0%            58.0%                            58.0%
   1         804      Occupancy Sensor, 4L4' Fluorescent Fixtures      20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         805      Energy Star Transformers                         20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%
   1         900      Base Other                                        0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         901      Replace V-belts                                   0.1%             0.1%            0.1%             0.1%            0.1%             0.1%            0.1%             0.1%            0.1%             0.1%            0.1%             0.1%            0.1%             0.1%                             0.1%
   1         902      Membranes for wastewater                          0.0%            10.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%            0.0%             0.0%                             0.0%
   1         903      Energy Star Transformers                         20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%           20.0%            20.0%                            20.0%




                                                                                                                                                                     B.5 - 6
                                                                                                                                                  B.5 Measure Inputs - Industrial




Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Water           Sewage
                                                                       SIC20           SIC22            SIC24           SIC26            SIC28           SIC29            SIC30           SIC32            SIC33           SIC34            SIC35           SIC36            SIC37           SIC39           Pumping        Treatment         Irrigation
 Segment   Measure # Measure Description                           Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9 Building Type 10 Building Type 11 Building Type 12 Building Type 13 Building Type 14 Building Type 15 Building Type 16 Building Type 17
    1        100      Base Compressed Air                              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        101      Compressed Air-O&M                               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        102      Compressed Air - Controls                        100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        103      Compressed Air - System Optimization             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        104      Compressed Air- Sizing                           100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        105      Comp Air - Replace 1-5 HP motor                  100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        106      Comp Air - ASD (1-5 hp)                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        107      Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)            100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        108      Comp Air - Replace 6-100 HP motor                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        109      Comp Air - ASD (6-100 hp)                        100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        110      Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        111      Comp Air - Replace 100+ HP motor                 100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        112      Comp Air - ASD (100+ hp)                         100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        113      Comp Air - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)           100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        114      Power recovery                                   100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        115      Refinery Controls                                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        116      Energy Star Transformers                         100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        200      Base Fans                                        100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        201      Fans - O&M                                       100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        202      Fans - Controls                                  100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        203      Fans - System Optimization                       100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        204      Fans- Improve components                         100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        205      Fans - Replace 1-5 HP motor                      100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        206      Fans - ASD (1-5 hp)                              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        207      Fans - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        208      Fans - Replace 6-100 HP motor                    100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        209      Fans - ASD (6-100 hp)                            100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        210      Fans - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        211      Fans - Replace 100+ HP motor                     100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        212      Fans - ASD (100+ hp)                             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        213      Fans - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        214      Optimize drying process                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        215      Power recovery                                   100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        216      Refinery Controls                                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        217      Energy Star Transformers                         100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        300      Base Pumps                                       100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        301      Pumps - O&M                                      100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        302      Pumps - Controls                                 100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        303      Pumps - System Optimization                      100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        304      Pumps - Sizing                                   100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        305      Pumps - Replace 1-5 HP motor                     100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        306      Pumps - ASD (1-5 hp)                             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        307      Pumps - Motor practices-1 (1-5 HP)               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        308      Pumps - Replace 6-100 HP motor                   100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        309      Pumps - ASD (6-100 hp)                           100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        310      Pumps - Motor practices-1 (6-100 HP)             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        311      Pumps - Replace 100+ HP motor                    100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        312      Pumps - ASD (100+ hp)                            100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        313      Pumps - Motor practices-1 (100+ HP)              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        314      Power recovery                                   100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        315      Refinery Controls                                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        316      Energy Star Transformers                         100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        317      Low Pressure Nozzle                              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        318      Micro Watering System                            100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        319      Pump Retrofit - Irrigation                       100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        400      Base Drives                                      100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        401      Bakery - Process (Mixing) - O&M                  100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        402      O&M/drives spinning machines                     100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        403      Air conveying systems                            100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        404      Replace V-Belts                                  100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        405      Drives - EE motor                                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        406      Gap Forming papermachine                         100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        407      High Consistency forming                         100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        408      Optimization control PM                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        409      Efficient practices printing press               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        410      Efficient Printing press (fewer cylinders)       100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        411      Light cylinders                                  100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        412      Efficient drives                                 100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%




                                                                                                                                                                    B.5 - 7
                                                                                                                                                   B.5 Measure Inputs - Industrial




Standards Adjustment Factor
(percent)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Water           Sewage
                                                                        SIC20           SIC22            SIC24           SIC26            SIC28           SIC29            SIC30           SIC32            SIC33           SIC34            SIC35           SIC36            SIC37           SIC39           Pumping        Treatment         Irrigation
 Segment   Measure # Measure Description                            Building Type 1 Building Type 2 Building Type 3 Building Type 4 Building Type 5 Building Type 6 Building Type 7 Building Type 8 Building Type 9 Building Type 10 Building Type 11 Building Type 12 Building Type 13 Building Type 14 Building Type 15 Building Type 16 Building Type 17
    1        413      Clean Room - Controls                             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        414      Clean Room - New Designs                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        415      Drives - Process Controls (batch + site)          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        416      Process Drives - ASD                              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        417      O&M - Extruders/Injection Moulding                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        418      Extruders/injection Moulding-multipump            100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        419      Direct drive Extruders                            100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        420      Injection Moulding - Impulse Cooling              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        421      Injection Moulding - Direct drive                 100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        422      Efficient grinding                                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        423      Process control                                   100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        424      Process optimization                              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        425      Drives - Process Control                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        426      Efficient drives - rolling                        100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        427      Drives - Optimization process (M&T)               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        428      Drives - Scheduling                               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        429      Machinery                                         100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        430      Efficient Machinery                               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        431      Energy Star Transformers                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        500      Base Heating                                      100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        501      Bakery - Process                                  100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        502      Drying (UV/IR)                                    100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        503      Heat Pumps - Drying                               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        504      Top-heating (glass)                               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        505      Efficient electric melting                        100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        506      Intelligent extruder (DOE)                        100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        507      Near Net Shape Casting                            100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        508      Heating - Process Control                         100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        509      Efficient Curing ovens                            100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        510      Heating - Optimization process (M&T)              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        511      Heating - Scheduling                              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        512      Energy Star Transformers                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        550      Base Refrigeration                                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        551      Efficient Refrigeration - Operations              100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        552      Optimization Refrigeration                        100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        553      Energy Star Transformers                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        600      Base Other Process                                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        601      Other Process Controls (batch + site)             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        602      Efficient desalter                                100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        603      New transformers welding                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        604      Efficient processes (welding, etc.)               100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        605      Process control                                   100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        606      Power recovery                                    100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        607      Refinery Controls                                 100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        608      Energy Star Transformers                          100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        700      Centrifugal Chiller, 0.58 kW/ton, 500 tons        100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%
    1        701      Centrifugal Chiller, 0.51 kW/ton, 500 tons        89%             89%              89%             89%              89%             89%              89%             89%              89%             89%              89%             89%              89%             89%              89%             89%              89%
    1        702      Window Film - Chiller                             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%            100%             100%