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Sample Multiple Choice Questions: Intelligence, Motivation, Emotion The following are some sample multiple choice questions to provide you with an idea of the kinds of questions I frequently ask on exams and how I stress understanding concepts– answers to these questions can be found in the Intelligence, Motivation and Emotion chapters of Myers 1. Binet and Terman would have been most likely to disagree about the: A) B) C) D) extent to which intelligence is determined by heredity. need to standardize intelligence tests. possibility of predicting people's academic success from intelligence test scores. extent to which individuals differ in their intellectual abilities. 2. Twelve-year-old Jerry has an IQ of 75 on the original version of the StanfordBinet. His mental age is: A) B) C) D) E) 8. 9. 10. 12. 16. 3. In order to assess whether intelligence is a single trait or a collection of several distinct abilities, psychologists have made extensive use of: A) B) C) D) E) the normal distribution. criterion-based validation. standardization. reliability assessment. factor analysis. 4. Which of the following persons best illustrates Sternberg and Wagner's concept of practical intelligence? A) B) C) Jamal, a college student who quickly recognizes the correct answers to multiple-choice test questions Gareth, a graduate student who generates many creative research ideas Shelley, a newspaper reporter who has a knack for making connections with very important people D) Cindy, a young mother who prefers playing with her children to cleaning her house 5. Brain size (adjusted for body size) is ________ correlated with intelligence, and the brain's rate of glucose consumption while performing cognitive tasks is ________ correlated with intelligence. A) B) C) D) positively; negatively negatively; positively positively; positively negatively; negatively 6. If both depressed and nondepressed individuals receive similar scores on a diagnostic test for depression, it is said that the test: A) B) C) D) E) has not been standardized. is not valid. is not reliable. has not been factor-analyzed. does not produce scores that form a normal distribution. 7. The best indicator of infants' intellectual aptitude is their: A) B) C) D) E) readiness to crawl at an early age. capacity for imitating adult facial expressions. tendency to quickly shift their gaze from a familiar to a novel picture. ability to discriminate their mother's voice from that of a female stranger. head circumference at birth in relation to their total weight. 8. Grouping children in separate educational classes according to their level of intellectual aptitude tends to ________ their self-esteem and ________ their academic achievement. A) B) C) D) E) increase; increase increase; decrease decrease; decrease decrease; have little effect on increase; have little effect on 9. Which of the following suggestions would be LEAST helpful to a young performing artist who wants to become a highly creative ballet dancer? A) B) C) D) "Study the performances of the world's best ballet artists." "Develop friendly and supportive relationships with fellow ballet dancers." "Win competitive performances that will lead to performance arts scholarship offers." "Take time for those practice drills that you find most enjoyable." 10. The similarity between the intelligence test scores of identical twins raised apart is: A) B) C) D) less than that between children and their biological parents. equal to that between identical twins reared together. equal to that between fraternal twins reared together. greater than that between ordinary siblings reared together. 11. The intelligence test scores of adopted children are LEAST likely to be positively correlated with the scores of their adoptive siblings during: A) B) C) D) middle childhood. early adolescence. middle adolescence. early adulthood. 12. Experts who defend intelligence tests against the charge of being culturally biased and discriminatory would be most likely to highlight the ________ of intelligence tests. A) B) C) D) E) normal distribution content validity predictive validity reliability standardization 13. Needs are ________ correlated with ________. A) B) C) D) positively; incentives negatively; incentives positively; drives negatively; drives 14. Which theory would be most likely to predict that rats are motivated to explore precisely those areas of an experimental maze where they receive mild electrical shocks? A) B) C) D) arousal theory incentive theory instinct theory drive-reduction theory 15. The arousal theory of motivation would be most useful for understanding the aversive effects of: A) B) C) D) E) extrinsic motivation. sexual disorders. hunger. boredom. anorexia nervosa. 16. On the basis of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, one would be least likely to predict that a: A) B) C) D) starving person might sell his child to obtain food. teacher with high self-esteem might seek a career change to use his abilities more fully. successful business executive might show greater concern for his family relationships than for becoming president of his corporation. prisoner might choose to die rather than betray his country. 17. Destruction of the ventromedial hypothalamus of a rat is most likely to: A) B) C) D) lower its set point for body weight. cause it to stop eating. lower its blood insulin level. facilitate conversion of its blood glucose to fat. 18. Twenty-two-year-old Tawana is slightly overweight and loves to eat, particularly snack foods and rich desserts. Fearful of becoming overweight, she frequently takes a laxative after eating too much. Tawana most clearly suffers from: A) B) C) D) E) bulimia nervosa. anorexia nervosa. extrinsic motivation. an abnormally high set point. hypermetabolism. 19. The drive-reduction theory of motivation is more applicable to hunger than to sex because, unlike hunger, sexual desire is not a direct response to: A) B) C) D) a physiological need. an external incentive. hypothalamic activity. any of the above. 20. Foolish conformity to peer pressure is most likely to be motivated by ________ needs. A) B) C) D) E) safety belongingness achievement self-actualization sexual 21. Parents who wish to strengthen their children's achievement motivation should be advised to: A) B) C) D) encourage children at an early age to handle responsibility without parental help. tell their children that failure in life brings suffering. warmly accept and praise their children regardless of whether they succeed or fail. recognize that young children can't be expected to do things successfully without parental help. 22. In order to encourage achievement motivation in the classroom, students should be taught to attribute their good grades to: A) B) C) D) E) their own hard work. their own high level of intelligence. the easy nature of most academic tasks. their teachers' generous grading standards. their parents effective supervision of their study time. 23. In terms of Maslow's motivational hierarchy, the higher-level needs of employees are most likely to be satisfied by: A) B) C) D) theory X managers. monetary incentives. task leadership. participative management. 24. With a single transplanted gene, scientists can now cause male ________ to display homosexual behavior. A) B) C) D) rats chimpanzees dogs fruit flies 25. Yang just spent an evening watching pornographic movies of attractive women who actually seemed to enjoy being sexually molested. This experience is most likely to lead Yang to: A) B) C) D) E) see his own girlfriend as sexually unreceptive. perceive himself as sexually impotent. be more willing to hurt women. feel unsure about his gender identity. view sexual promiscuity as morally wrong. 26. The basic components of emotion are: A) B) C) D) sympathetic arousal, parasympathetic inhibition, and cognitive labeling. physical gestures, facial expressions, and psychological drives. expressive behaviors, physiological arousal, and conscious experience. cognition, affect, and behavior. 27. The fact that facial expressions of emotion tend to intensify the experience of emotion serves to support the: A) B) C) D) E) catharsis hypothesis. Cannon-Bard theory. James-Lange theory. adaptation-level theory. opponent-process theory. 28. Tranquilizing drugs that inhibit sympathetic nervous system activity often effectively reduce people's subjective experience of intense fear and anxiety. Which theory of emotion would have the greatest difficulty explaining this effect? A) B) C) D) James-Lange Cannon-Bard two-factor All the above would have equal difficulty explaining this effect. 29. While completing a final exam, Karen labels her arousal as energizing, whereas Mike labels his arousal as threatening. The emotional experiences of the two test takers are likely to differ the most with respect to: A) B) C) D) duration. intensity. adaptation level. valence. 30. Research on the nonverbal expression of emotion indicates that: A) B) C) D) the body movements and gestures used to express emotions are the same throughout the world. it is difficult to use nonverbal cues in order to mislead others about one's true emotions. introverts are better than extraverts at recognizing nonverbal expressions of emotion in others. accurately identifying emotional facial expressions in people from different cultures requires personal experience with those cultures. 31. Research on nonverbal communication indicates that: A) B) C) D) E) very young children's facial expressions of emotion are very difficult to interpret. children learn the facial expressions associated with emotion by observing adults. blind children who have never observed others demonstrate normal facial expressions of emotion. boys are better than girls at recognizing nonverbal expressions of emotion. children are unable to interpret facial expressions until they reach adolescence. 32. Which of the following children is most likely to calm down emotionally shortly after venting his anger? A) B) C) D) Jack, who attacks his older brother for spitting at him Jeremiah, who attacks his younger brother for spitting at him Jed, who attacks his older brother for no good reason at all Jason, who attacks his younger brother for no good reason at all 33. During the last four decades, the spendable income of Americans (adjusting for inflation) has ________ and their self-reported personal happiness has ________. A) B) C) D) remained almost unchanged; decreased increased; remained almost unchanged remained almost unchanged; increased remained almost unchanged; remained almost unchanged 34. Jason is an unsuccessful businessman who feels depressed. In order to increase his satisfaction and happiness with life, Jason should: A) B) C) D) E) imagine what his own life might be like if he became rich and famous. compare himself with friends who became rich and successful. identify how his own foolish decisions and lack of foresight have contributed to his unhappiness. recall past moments when his life was much more pleasant than it is now. imagine what his life might be like if he were suffering from a fatal disease. 35. The opponent-process theory would predict that with repeated use of an addictive euphoria-producing drug, the drug user would begin to experience pleasant highs ________ and unpleasant withdrawal reactions ________. A) B) C) D) more intensely; more intensely less intensely; less intensely more intensely; less intensely less intensely; more intensely 36. Which of the following factors has been found to be clearly related to feelings of general happiness or life satisfaction? A) B) C) D) E) being well educated having children being over 50 years old having a meaningful religious faith being physically attractive 37. Rannilt was euphoric after learning of her acceptance into the medical school of her choice. After a few weeks, however, she feels no emotional excitement when she thinks about her admission to medical school. This change in her feelings can best be explained in terms of the: A) B) C) D) E) catharsis hypothesis. relative deprivation principle. opponent-process theory. Cannon-Bard theory. adaptation-level phenomenon. 38. A psychotherapist suggests that Theresa can effectively reduce the anger she feels toward her ex-boyfriend by tearing pictures of him into little pieces. This suggestion illustrates the therapist's acceptance of the: A) B) C) D) E) catharsis hypothesis. adaptation-level principle. James-Lange theory. two-factor theory. relative deprivation principle.
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