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									                                 DRUKGYEL HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL

                                           TRAIL EXAMINATION-2011
History, Civics & Geography                                                      Writing Time: 2 Hours
Paper II (Geography)                                                             Total Marks: 80
Class X

Read the following directions carefully.
   1. Do not write for the first fifteen minutes. This time is to be spent reading the questions. After having read the
       questions, you will be given two hours to answer all questions.
   2. Attempt nine questions. Section A and D are compulsory. Attempt two questions from section B and Three
       from section C.
   3. The intended marks for questions, are given in the brackets [

                                                    SECTION A
                                   Compulsory: To be attempted by all candidates.
Question 1.

Study the extract of the survey of Bhutan map No. 78M/11 and answer the following questions:

    a) Give the Six Figure grid reference of the spot height .2080 near Dzongthung.                            (2)
    b) What is the RF of the map given to you ? Express it in simple statement .                                (2)
    c) What is the flow direction of Gam Ri? Give one reason.                                                   (2)
    d) What kind of settlement pattern do you find in Ngalung? Identify the occupation of the people living there. (2)
    e) The straight distance from the suspension bridge in the grid square 4040 to the school in Bidung is ;    (2)
       a) 2.1 km                b) 3.1 km
       b) 4.2 km                 d) 5.2 km
    f) What type of relief feature is indicated by contour lines meeting at the same point.                     (2)
    g) What is the compass direction of Bidung from Dhezhuling?                                                 (1)
    h) In the grid square 6060, the index contour given is 1600. What is the next lower index contour?          (2)

                                                     SECTION B
                                     Attempt any two questions from this section.

Question 2.
   a) With a neat diagram, explain how the approach of a ship shows that the earth is not flat.                   (3)

       Explain the following:                                                                                  (3)
          i.   Equinox
         ii.   Circle of illumination.
    b) The local time of a place is 14 hours when GMT is 16 hours. Calculate the longitude of the place.       (2)
    c) What is the time at a certain pace on 30 degree west longitude when it is 2am on Thursday at a place 15 degree
       east longitude?                                                                                         (2)

Question 3.
       a) Where do you find these tribes?                                                                          (2)
              i. Bindibus
             ii. Kikuyus
            iii. Hausas
            iv.  Tauregs

        b) Identify the changes that are expected to occur in the near future in the life of the masai.          (2)
        c) Why is it necessary to grow the spring wheat variety and not the winter wheat variety in the Prairies of
        d) Mention two advantages of small rubber holdings over large rubber estates.                            (2)
        e) The daily range of temperature in the hot deserts is great. Justify the statement with two reasons. (2)

Question 4.
       a) What is a great circle? Give one advantage following the great circle route in the air travel.           (2)
       b) Mention one effect of the earth’s rotation.                                                              (1)
       c) Differentiate between Aphelion and Perihelion.                                                           (1)
       d) ‘In coniferous forest, winter is the season of man’s activities’. Provide a geographical reason.         (2)
       e) Differentiate between “viticulture” and “vintage”.                                                       (2)
       f) State two importance of the Olive fruits to the people in the Mediterranean basin.                       (2)

                                                           SECTION C
                                          Attempt any three questions from this section.

Question 5.
   a) Mention three important factors which have affected the growth of urban centers in Bhutan.                   (2)
   b) Describe two characteristics of central Business District ( CBD).                                      (2)
   c) Differentiate between ‘Squatter settlement’ and ‘Scattered settlement’.                                      (2)
   d) Briefly describe the process involved in the manufacturing of Desho.                                         (2)
   e) Identify the farming system prevalent in Bhutan and discuss it in brief.                                     (2)

Question 6.
   a) Mention two conditions that have helped in selecting the present site of Chukha HEP.                 (2)
   b) Apart from the attractions, what are the other two factors on which the development of tourism depends.(2)
   c) Why do you think high altitude settlements are not ideal for tapping solar energy?                   (2)
   d) Why are some industries called ‘service industries’ ? Give one example.                              (2)
   e) What are the two drawbacks of verbal communication over other means of communication?                (2)

Question 7.
   a) Explain the following;                                                                                       (2)
          i.   ‘Favorable balance of trade’
         ii.   ‘Spatial interaction’
   b) Write two chief characteristics of modern trade.                                                             (2)
   c) Write two differences between traditional and modern farming system.                                         (2)
   d) Why are the yak herders not nomadic in reality? Give two reasons.                                            (2)
   e) Identify the Two difficulties faced by Bhutanese traders in the past.                                        (2)

Question 8.
   a) State two factors that have led to rapid growth of population.                                              (2)
   b) Examine Two purposes of industrial development in Bhutan.                                                   (2)
   c) How can the use of refrigerators, aerosol sprays and plastics cause skin cancer and eye damage.             (2)
   d) With the help of a diagram, explain a food chain in the ecosystem.                                          (2)
   e) How does the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere cause ‘Global Warming’?                           (2)

Question 9.
   a) Define Urbanization?                                                                                        (1)
   b) Explain any two changes brought about by people to the natural environment.                                 (2)
   c) Name two countries which are receiving significant increase in ultraviolet radiation.                       (1)
   d) Explain two uses of Desho.(2)
   e) Differentiate an administrative town from an industrial town giving an example each.                        (2)
   f) Write down two social problems which city dwellers in Bhutan may suffer from.                               (2)

                                                     SECTION D
                                    Compulsory: To be attempted by all candidates.
Question 10.
In the outline map of Asia provided:                                                                              (5)
     a) Mark with thick lines and name the mountain ranges Stanovia and Elburz.
     b) Name the rivers Sikiang and Yangtse.
     c) Shade and name South China sea and Arabian sea.
     d) Mark ‘R’ in one place of Malaysia where Rubber is cultivated.
     e) Shade with crossed thick lines over one region of Equatorial forest and insert ‘AR’ over Arctic region.

Question 11.
In the outline map of South Asia provided:                                                                     (5)
     a) Mark with a line and name Garo Hills and aravalli Hills.
     b) Mark and name the rivers Narmada and Krishna.
     c) Mark with thick dots and name Thailand and Delhi.
     d) Shade and name the Indian Ocean and Thar Desert and Deccan Plateau.
     e) Mark and shade ‘DP’ over densely populated areas in South and ‘Sp’ over sparsely populated area in the North
Question 12.
In the outline map of Bhutan provided, mark the following features as instructed.                              (5)
     a) Mark with a triangle and name Jhomolhari and Masagang.
     b) Name the rivers Kuri chhu and Wang chhu.
     c) Put a cross and name Mela and Tremola.
     d) Mark LD over Lhuentse Dzong and GD over Gasa Dzong.
     e) Mark with thick dot and name Samtse and CHPC at Chukha.


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