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Medication Administration

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Medication Administration Powered By Docstoc
					   Medication
Administration
 Medical Therapeutics
Six “Rights” To Medication
Administration
   Right medication
   Right dose or right
    amount
   Right patient
   Right time
   Right method or mode
    of administration
   Right documentation
Forms of Medication
   Liquids
       Aqueous suspension-dissolved in water
       Suspension-solid mixed with solution ,usually
        must be shaken well
       Syrup-concentrated solution of sugar, water and
        medication
       Tincture-medication dissolved in alcohol
Forms cont.
   Solids
       Capsule-gelatin shell with medicine inside
       Pill-powdered medication mixed with a cohesive
        substance and molded into shape
       Tablet-compressed or molded preparation
       Troche or Lozenge-large, flat disc that dissolves
        in the mouth
       Enteric Coated-medication with a special coating
        that does not dissolve until it reaches the small
        intestine
Forms cont.
   Semi-solids
       Ointment-medication in a fatty base
       Paste-ointment with a adhesive base
       Cream-medication with a water-soluble base
       Suppository-medication that is mixed with
        substances that melt at body temperature, usually
        inserted in the rectum, vagina, urethra
Routes- medications can be
given in a variety of ways
   Oral- by mouth, for liquids and solids
   Rectal-liquids and suppositories
   Injections-given with a needle and syringe, also
    called parenteral which means any route other than
    the digestive tract, may be given:
       Subcutaneously-layer just under skin
       Intramuscular-into the muscle
       Intravenous-into a vein
       Intradermal-just under the top layer of skin, example is TB
        skin test
Routes cont.
   Topical or Local-applied directly to the top of
    skin, can be in a patch form as well as
    ointment, liquids, ect.
   Inhalation-breathed in, sprays or inhalers
   Sublingual-given under the tongue
Safety Rules for Giving
Medications
   Read the order carefully          NEVER give a medication
   Check patient allergies            you did not personally
   Read the label 3 times             prepare
    before administering-when         Know your drug
    you take the med out, as          Never give from an
    you pour it and as you             unmarked bottle
    dispose or replace the            Do not return meds to bottle
    container                         Report mistakes
   Give only under the order of       immediately
    the physician                     Concentrate and avoid
                                       distractions

				
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posted:1/25/2013
language:English
pages:8