The Midwest Region

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					The Midwest Region
Great Lakes
                   The Great Lakes
 From largest to smallest they are:
    •   Lake Superior--The largest freshwater lake in the world
    •   Lake Huron
    •   Lake Michigan
    •   Lake Erie
    •   Lake Ontario

 18,000 years ago glaciers covered the Midwest.
    • As they moved across the land they gouged enormous holes in the land.
    • The glaciers melted and filled these giant holes with water.
    • This is how the Great Lakes were formed.
 Midwest has many lakes and rivers
 Ohio River forms the boundary between the
  Midwest and Southeast
 Ohio River flows into the Mississippi River
 Missouri River is the largest tributary of the
  Mississippi River
 Tributary- a smaller river that flows into a
  bigger river
 Thousands of years ago, glaciers carved deep
  trenches in the land. When the glaciers melted
  these “trenches” filled with water to become
Ohio River
Missouri River
             The Great Plains
 Plain-A broad area of land that is gently
  rolling or almost flat

 “The Midwest is the flattest region of the United
  States. It is the only one with no mountain
 Glaciers scrapped and squashed the land making it
  as flat as a pancake.
   • The glaciers left behind good soil.
   • Flat land is easier to farm
 Farming & Ranching
Great plains
             The Sand Hills,
 Region of mixed grass prairie on sand dunes
 Large array of plant and animal life
 Home to 314 animal species-deer, coyotes red
  foxes, wild turkeys, bats and fishes
 Thousands of ponds and lakes
 Sandy soil= no crops
 Cattle ranching area
 Covers 1/4 of Nebraska
 Part of the Great Plains
Sand hills
         Sleeping Bear Dunes
                Lake Michigan
 Enormous piles of sand and gravel left behind by
  the glaciers

 Today these sand dunes are tourist destinations for
  swimming, boating and other water activities on
  Lake Michigan

 Long ago one really big sand dune was shaped
  like a sleeping bear. That’s how the park got its
Sleeping Bear Dunes
Sleeping Bear Dunes
Sleeping bear dunes
            The Badlands
 Located in South Dakota
 Landforms are sharp and jagged
 Deep gullies, or long narrow ditches have
  been cut into the landscape
 Very dry, little plant or animal life
 Native American named it “badlands”
  because it was so hard to cross
The Badlands
The Badlands
The Badlands
                The Caves

 Wind Cave
   Over 90 miles of passage ways have been
    explored in this cave
   Temperature inside cave is around 53 degrees
   Wind can reach 70 miles per hour
 Jewel Cave
   One of the longest cave systems -over
    110 miles
   Crystal “jewels” on the walls of the cave
Wind cave National Park
Wind cave
Wind cave box work
    Onondaga Cave
Onondaga Cave-lily pads
   Mount Rushmore National
 Monument is carved into the Black Hills of
  South Dakota
 Four faces are presidents: George
  Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore
  Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln
 George Washington’s head is 60 feet high
 The monument was completed in1941. It
  took 14 years to carve.
Mount Rushmore
      Crazy Horse Memorial
       Black Hills, South Dakota
 A memorial to honor the great Lakota chief,
  Crazy Horse
 It is still being carved into the side of the
  Black Hills
 When it is finished it will be the biggest
  statue in the world.
  • Arm is as long as a football field
  • Face is nine stories high
Crazy Horse

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