The Midwest Region

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					The Midwest Region
Great Lakes
                   The Great Lakes
 From largest to smallest they are:
    •   Lake Superior--The largest freshwater lake in the world
    •   Lake Huron
    •   Lake Michigan
    •   Lake Erie
    •   Lake Ontario


 18,000 years ago glaciers covered the Midwest.
    • As they moved across the land they gouged enormous holes in the land.
    • The glaciers melted and filled these giant holes with water.
    • This is how the Great Lakes were formed.
                    Rivers
 Midwest has many lakes and rivers
 Ohio River forms the boundary between the
  Midwest and Southeast
 Ohio River flows into the Mississippi River
 Missouri River is the largest tributary of the
  Mississippi River
 Tributary- a smaller river that flows into a
  bigger river
 Thousands of years ago, glaciers carved deep
  trenches in the land. When the glaciers melted
  these “trenches” filled with water to become
  rivers.
Ohio River
Missouri River
 Missouri
  River
             The Great Plains
 Plain-A broad area of land that is gently
  rolling or almost flat

 “The Midwest is the flattest region of the United
  States. It is the only one with no mountain
  ranges”.
 Glaciers scrapped and squashed the land making it
  as flat as a pancake.
   • The glaciers left behind good soil.
   • Flat land is easier to farm
 Farming & Ranching
Great plains
             The Sand Hills,
               Nebraska
 Region of mixed grass prairie on sand dunes
 Large array of plant and animal life
 Home to 314 animal species-deer, coyotes red
  foxes, wild turkeys, bats and fishes
 Thousands of ponds and lakes
 Sandy soil= no crops
 Cattle ranching area
 Covers 1/4 of Nebraska
 Part of the Great Plains
Sand hills
Sandhills
sandhills
         Sleeping Bear Dunes
                Lake Michigan
 Enormous piles of sand and gravel left behind by
  the glaciers

 Today these sand dunes are tourist destinations for
  swimming, boating and other water activities on
  Lake Michigan

 Long ago one really big sand dune was shaped
  like a sleeping bear. That’s how the park got its
  name.
Sleeping Bear Dunes
Sleeping Bear Dunes
Sleeping bear dunes
            The Badlands
 Located in South Dakota
 Landforms are sharp and jagged
 Deep gullies, or long narrow ditches have
  been cut into the landscape
 Very dry, little plant or animal life
 Native American named it “badlands”
  because it was so hard to cross
The Badlands
The Badlands
The Badlands
                The Caves

 Wind Cave
   Over 90 miles of passage ways have been
    explored in this cave
   Temperature inside cave is around 53 degrees
   Wind can reach 70 miles per hour
 Jewel Cave
   One of the longest cave systems -over
    110 miles
   Crystal “jewels” on the walls of the cave
Wind cave National Park
Wind cave
Wind cave box work
    Onondaga Cave
Onondaga Cave-lily pads
   Mount Rushmore National
          Memorial
 Monument is carved into the Black Hills of
  South Dakota
 Four faces are presidents: George
  Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore
  Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln
 George Washington’s head is 60 feet high
 The monument was completed in1941. It
  took 14 years to carve.
Mount Rushmore
      Crazy Horse Memorial
       Black Hills, South Dakota
 A memorial to honor the great Lakota chief,
  Crazy Horse
 It is still being carved into the side of the
  Black Hills
 When it is finished it will be the biggest
  statue in the world.
  • Arm is as long as a football field
  • Face is nine stories high
Crazy Horse

				
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posted:1/25/2013
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