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									                             International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre




                                    Questionnaire on
                                 groundwater monitoring

            Utrecht
            November 2003




                  Use only with Excel 97 or higher or …


                  … download Word2.0 version from http://www.igrac.nl/




1/24/2013                                                       ef82e82f-5772-4310-ad06-4f4150537af7.xls
g




    1/24/2013   ef82e82f-5772-4310-ad06-4f4150537af7.xls
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           IGRAC
           P.O. Box 80015
           3508 TA Utrecht
           The Netherlands
           Fax: + 31 30 256 47 55
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e on your harddisk first!     FALSE
                            <text>
                            <comment 2.1>




on of the questionnaire:




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Introduction
Context and objectives
The International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre (IGRAC), was established in 2003
following an initiative by UNESCO and WMO. The goals of IGRAC are
a)
b)

c)

The purpose of the questionnaire on groundwater monitoring is to assess the actual situation in
each country with respect to groundwater monitoring and to identify the needs for information,
such as guidelines and case studies as examples of good practice. The results of the
questionnaire will be used by IGRAC for the following purposes:
●

●


Respondents to the questionnaire will receive a copy of the inventory report.

Outline of the questionnaire
The questionnaire comprises five categories of questions. They concern:
1. the groundwater situation and the major groundwater problems;
2. state of the art on groundwater quantity monitoring;
3. state of the art on groundwater quality monitoring;
4. needs for guidance and information that could be fulfilled by IGRAC.
5. In addition we request respondents to provide some personal data.
                                                           Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring
Introduction
Context and objectives
The International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre (IGRAC), was established in 2003
following an initiative by UNESCO and WMO. The goals of IGRAC are
     to create a global groundwater information centre,
     to promote use of guidelines and/or protocols for improved assessment and monitoring of
     groundwater resources and
     to contribute to global projects with a significant groundwater component.

The purpose of the questionnaire on groundwater monitoring is to assess the actual situation in
each country with respect to groundwater monitoring and to identify the needs for information,
such as guidelines and case studies as examples of good practice. The results of the
questionnaire will be used by IGRAC for the following purposes:
    Preparation of an inventory report on the actual state of affairs with respect to groundwater
    monitoring world-wide and the possibleproviding information or guidance services in the field
    Planning of IGRAC activities, aimed at needs for information and support from IGRAC.
    of monitoring. These may include guidance documents on set-up of monitoring systems, data
    collection and data management, etc. as well as information on parameter sets or case
    studies.
Respondents to the questionnaire will receive a copy of the inventory report.

Outline of the questionnaire
The questionnaire comprises five categories of questions. They concern:
1. the groundwater situation and the major groundwater problems;
2. state of the art on groundwater quantity monitoring;
3. state of the art on groundwater quality monitoring;
4. needs for guidance and information that could be fulfilled by IGRAC.
5. In addition we request respondents to provide some personal data.
1 of 10                                                                  Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring


1 Groundwater situation in your country

1.1 Categories of groundwater use

Please, specify the categories of groundwater use in your country by putting marks in the table. Please make
distinction between major groundwater use categories (M) and minor ones (S). If possible, also specify which
type of aquifers are mainly involved.


                                                In general                 By aquifer types involved

                                              (major use: M)       Major aquifers of
Use of groundwater:
                                              (minor use: S)         large extent
● Domestic water supply

● Public water supply

● Industrial use

● Irrigation

Please, add comments if you regard these useful for the interpretation
 <comment 1.1>
     Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring




by putting marks in the table. Please make
or ones (S). If possible, also specify which



        By aquifer types involved
                          Local aquifers


                                               0

                                               0

                                               0

                                               0
2 of 10                                                                  Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring


1 Groundwater situation in your country

1.2 Specification of problems related to groundwater

Please specify by marking them which groundwater problems are encountered in your country. If possible
indicate whether they present themselves in large aquifers, in small ones or in both.


                                                In general                 By aquifer types involved
                                                                   Major aquifers of
Groundwater problems:
                                                                     large extent
● Groundwater table decline

● Pollution

● See water intrusion

● Land subsidence
● Other:      <text>




Please, add comments if you regard these useful for the interpretation
  <comment 1.2>
     Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring




encountered in your country. If possible
ll ones or in both.


        By aquifer types involved
                         Local aquifers


                                               0

                                               0

                                               0

                                               0



                                               0
3 of 10                                                                       Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring


2 Monitoring groundwater quantity

2.1 What is presently being monitored

Please, specify what variables are presently being monitored in relation to groundwater and related purposes.
If possible, also mark the type of aquifer involved in monitoring the specified variable.


                                                                                       Aquifer types involved
                                                         For the following
                                         Being
                                                            purpose(s)             Major aquifers
                                       monitored?
Variables monitored:                                       (see below)*            of large extent

● Groundwater levels                                       e.g. 1,4,5

● Groundwater abstraction from wells                       e.g. 1,4,5

● Springs discharge                                        e.g. 1,4,5

● Base flow of streams                                     -----

● Land subsidence                                          -----

● Other:   <text>                                          -----




                                          Purpose       Description
                                             1          Groundwater flow analysis
                                             2          Control of groundwater table
                                             3          Groundwater balance calculation
                                             4          Optimisation of groundwater withdrawal
                                             5          Control of land subsidence
                                             6           <type your description>*
                                             7           <type your description>*
                                             8           <type your description>*
                                       * add your own discription to use in column 3

Please, add comments if you regard these useful for the interpretation
  <comment 2.1>
 Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring




n to groundwater and related purposes.
ecified variable.


          Aquifer types involved
                       Local aquifers



                                           0

                                           0

                                           0

                                           0

                                           0



                                           0
4 of 10                                                                            Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring


2 Monitoring groundwater quantity

2.2 Characteristics of monitoring networks for groundwater quantity

How would you describe the characteristics of monitoring networks in your country? Please indicate whether
the following types of networks are present. Please, also give a rough indication of the total numbers of wells
involved and the usual number of observations made per year.


                                                                                          Total number
Scale of networks:               Description
                                                                             Network      of observation
                                                                             present?          wells
                                                                             (yes/no)      (see below)*
Primary networks (A)             Monitoring networks to observe
                                 water levels over the total                                   -----
                                 extent of regional aquifers
Secondary networks (B)
1. Around pumping stations       Special observation wells for
                                                                                               -----
                                 control of local drawdown
2. In nature conservation areas Special observation wells for
                                                                                               -----
                                control of groundwater levels
3. Other
    <text>                          <text>
                                                                                               -----




                                       Nr. of observation wells            Frequency of observations
                                                < 100                            day
                                              100 - 1000                        week
                                             1000 - 10000                      month
                                               > 10000                          year
                                        <type your number>*                <type your frequency>*
                                 * make selection or type your own value

Please, add comments if you regard these useful for the interpretation
  <comment 2.2>
uestionnaire on groundwater monitoring




 country? Please indicate whether
cation of the total numbers of wells



                       Frequency of
                       observations:
                          every …
                        (see below)*

                            -----
                                         0


                            -----
                                         0

                            -----
                                         0


                            -----

                                         0
5 of 10                                                                  Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring


2 Monitoring groundwater quantity

2.3 Monitoring groundwater abstraction


Please, indicate whether groundwater abstraction is being monitored and by which organisation(s). Please,
also provide Internet-sites and e-mail addresses .

                                           main organisation(s) performing
Groundwater abstraction for:      Yes/No
                                                     monitoring

                                            -----

...public water supply



                                            -----

...irrigation schemes



                                            -----

…industrial purposes


Other                                       -----
          <text>




Please, add comments if you regard these useful for the interpretation
  <comment 2.3>
              Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring




g monitored and by which organisation(s). Please,



                      e-mail address(es) internet-
                                 sites

                         -----




                         -----




                         -----




                         -----
6 of 10                                                                  Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring


2 Monitoring groundwater quantity

2.4 Organisations responsible for monitoring groundwater quantity


Please, indicate the main organisation(s) responsible for groundwater quantity monitoring. Please, also
provide Internet-sites and e-mail addresses .


      Networks                  main responsible organisation(s)

      Primary networks (A)
A     For basin-wide control      <text>



   Secondary networks (B)
B1 Around well fields              <text>



B2 In nature conservation         <text>
   areas

B3 In over-exploited zones        <text>



B4 Other
        <text>                    <text>




Please, add comments if you regard these useful for the interpretation
    <comment 2.4>
                Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring




roundwater quantity


or groundwater quantity monitoring. Please, also



                      e-mail address(es)      internet-
                                  sites


                        @ and/ or www.




                        @ and/ or www.



                        @ and/ or www.



                        @ and/ or www.




                        @ and/ or www.
7 of 10                                                              Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring


2 Monitoring groundwater quantity

2.5 State of the art with respect to monitoring groundwater levels


Please specify how you would evaluate the situation in your country with respect to monitoring
groundwater levels, the quality and use of data. If possible specify by aquifer type.


                                                                Major aquifers of
Characteristics of monitoring                In general
                                                                  large extent

● Density of observation wells                                   -----


● Frequency of observation                                       -----


● Quality of the groundwater level data

● Use of groundwater level data

                                                              Your judgement
                                                              3: Good
                                                              2: Fair
                                                              1: Incomplete or insufficient
                                                              0: Negligible

Please, add comments if you regard these useful for the interpretation
  <comment 2.5>
     Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring




untry with respect to monitoring
cify by aquifer type.


                                Local aquifers

                                -----

                                -----




1: Incomplete or insufficient
8 of 10                                                               Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring


3 Groundwater quality monitoring

3.1 What is presently being monitored


Please, specify whether groundwater quality monitoring is being applied in relation to the purposes given in
the table. If possible, also indicate what type of monitoring network is being used.

                                                             Being            Primary
       Monitoring purpose                                  monitored?        network(s)

       Baseline quality

A1     ● Only TDS and/or EC

A2     ● Detailed set of macro parameters


       Pollution by

B1     ● Domestic sewage (e.g. nitrate, bacteria, etc.)

B2     ● Industry (e.g. heavy metals, DNAPL, etc.)

B3     ● Agriculture (e.g. fertilisers, pesticides)


       Specific natural constituents limiting
C
       groundwater use (e.g. arsenic, boron)


D      Saline water intrusion


E      Other, please specify:

          <text>

          <text>

Please, add comments if you regard these useful for the interpretation
    <comment 3.1>
Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring




ed in relation to the purposes given in
being used.

                        Secondary or
                           special
                          networks



                                          0

                                          0




                                          0

                                          0

                                          0


                                          0


                                          0




                                          0

                                          0
9 of 10                                                                  Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring


3 Groundwater quality monitoring

3.2 Organisations responsible for monitoring groundwater quality


Please, indicate the main organisation(s) responsible for groundwater quality monitoring. Please, also provide
Internet-sites and e-mail addresses .


      Networks                   main responsible organisation(s)

      Primary networks (A)
A     For general groundwater
                                   <text>
      quality control


   Secondary networks (B)
B1 Domestic sewage                 <text>




B2 Industry
                                   <text>




B3 Agriculture
                                   <text>




C     Specific natural
                                   <text>
      constituents


D     Saline water intrusion
                                   <text>



E     Other, please specify:
                                   <text>
        <text>




Please, add comments if you regard these useful for the interpretation
    <comment 3.2>
                  Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring




groundwater quality


or groundwater quality monitoring. Please, also provide



                      e-mail address(es)        internet-
                                   sites


                        @ and/ or www.




                        @ and/ or www.




                        @ and/ or www.




                        @ and/ or www.




                        @ and/ or www.




                        @ and/ or www.




                        @ and/ or www.
10 of 10

4 Support from IGRAC

IGRAC has been established to promote sustainable groundwater development through transfer of
groundwater related information and knowledge. Among others, IGRAC is stimulating the use of guidelines
and protocols for groundwater assessment and monitoring. Regarding monitoring, IGRAC may be of help by
providing guidance and information or by creating a platform for discussions between professionals. We like
to know whether there is demand for such support and what are the priorities.
Please, specify in which fields of monitoring you like IGRAC to give support to the groundwater community in
your country:

Our country would profit from the
                                           Yes/No
following
Guidelines or protocols on:
Design of primary networks for
groundwater level monitoring

Design of monitoring networks for
groundwater abstraction

Design of monitoring networks for
groundwater quality

Drilling and installation of observation
wells

Data collection methods


Data processing, storage and
screening methods

Data analysis methods


Other:
           <text>



Information on:
Case studies as examples of good
practice

Instrumentation for monitoring


Software for data analysis, storage
and presentation

Other:
           <text>
                                             Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring




 o promote sustainable groundwater development through transfer of
on and knowledge. Among others, IGRAC is stimulating the use of guidelines
 assessment and monitoring. Regarding monitoring, IGRAC may be of help by
 ation or by creating a platform for discussions between professionals. We like
and for such support and what are the priorities.
 of monitoring you like IGRAC to give support to the groundwater community in



                                 Please describe your needs in more detail:



                       -------



                       -------



                       -------



                       -------



                       -------



                       -------



                       -------



                       -------




                        -------



                        -------



                        -------



                        -------
5 Personal data of respondent

Please, provide some information about your employment, position and how to contact you:



  Your name:


  Your organisation:


  Your country:


  Your position:


  Your e-mail address:


  Your organisation’s web-site:




                                  IGRAC
                                  P.O. Box 80015
                                  3508 TA Utrecht
                                  The Netherlands

                                  fax:   +31 30 256 47 55
                                  phone: +31 30 256 42 70
                                                     Questionnaire on groundwater monitoring
nal data of respondent

ide some information about your employment, position and how to contact you:



                       <text>



                       <text>



                       <text>



                       <text>



                       @



                       www.




                     Thank you!
                     please e-mail this digital form to:
                     info@igrac.nl

                     when using a paper version, please mail or fax it to:
                     IGRAC
                     P.O. Box 80015
                     3508 TA Utrecht
                     The Netherlands

                     fax:   +31 30 256 47 55
                     phone: +31 30 256 42 70

								
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