Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

complete_study_guide

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 31

									                   Study Guide Packet
                           SBARRA




Name __________________________________________________
Period _______
                                        Night Essential Questions
DIRECTIONS: Below are the essential questions on which we will focus for this final portion of our unit. As we
read, give specific examples from the text that answer these questions.

    1.   How does Wiesel illustrate theme through the motif of light and dark imagery?




    2. How does Wiesel paint a clear picture for the reader of the horrors of the Holocaust specifically through
       the use of imagery?




    3. What is humanity? What essential qualities make us “human”? In what ways are Wiesel and the other
       prisoners stripped and robbed of their human rights? Is it possible to maintain one’s humanity when faced
       with survival?




    4. What does it mean to “bear witness”? What is a bystander? What is our role to society with respect to
       this?




    5. In what ways can Night be BOTH compared AND contrasted to a Bildungsroman?
                                  THEMES


   Theme        How Wiesel Uses in Text    Example from Text



Good vs. Evil




Loss of Faith




   Man’s
Inhumanity
  to Man




  Survival




   Rite of
  Passage
    TIMELINE
                    Elie Wiesel's statement, "...to remain
                    silent and indifferent is the greatest sin
                    of all..."stands as a succinct summary
                    of his views on life and serves as the
1928--born in       driving force of his work. Wiesel is the
Sighet,             author of 36 works dealing with
Romania             Judaism, the Holocaust, and the moral
                    responsibility of all people to fight
1944--deported to   hatred, racism and genocide.
Auschwitz
                    Born September 30, 1928, Eliezer
Apr.1945--          Wiesel led a life representative of many
liberated           Jewish children. Growing up in a small
from concen-        village in Romania, his world revolved Elie Wiesel in 1968
tration camp        around family, religious study,
                    community and God. Yet his family, community and his innocent
1948--moved to      faith were destroyed upon the deportation of his village in 1944.
Paris to study at   Arguably the most powerful and renowned passage in Holocaust
the Sorbonne        literature, his first book, Night, records the inclusive experience of
                    the Jews:
1948--work in
journalism begins   Wiesel survived Auschwitz, Buna, Buchenwald and Gleiwitz. After
                    the liberation of the camps in April 1945, Wiesel spent a few years
1954--decides to    in a French orphanage and in 1948 began to study in Paris at the
writeabout the      Sorbonne. He became involved in journalistic work with the French
Holocaust           newspaper L'arche. He was acquainted with Nobel laureate Francois
                    Mauriac, who eventually influenced Wiesel to break his vowed
1956--hit by a      silence and write of his experience in the concentration camps, thus
car in New York                                  beginning a lifetime of service.
1958--Night is                                  Wiesel has since published over thirty
published                                       books, earned the Nobel Peace Prize,
                                                been appointed to chair the President's
1963--receives                                  Commission on the Holocaust, awarded
U.S. citizenship                                the Congressional Gold Medal of
                                                Achievement and more. Due to a fateful
1964--returned to                               car accident in New York in 1956,
Sighet                                          Wiesel spent a year confined to a
                                                wheelchair while recovering. It was
1965--first trip                                during this year that he made the
to Russia                                       decision to become a U.S. citizen and is
                                                still today an active figure within our
1966--publishes      Elie Wiesel -- age 15      society, as well as fulfilling his role in
Jews of Silence     Jewish politics around the world.

1969--married       Wiesel's job as chairman of the President's Commission on the
Marion Rose         Holocaust was the planning of an American memorial to the victims
                    of the Holocaust. The Report to the President on the President's
1972--son is born   Commission on the Holocaust focuses on memory. Wiesel writes
                    that the reason for creating the museum must include; denying the
1978--appointed    Nazi's a posthumous victory, honoring the last wish of victims to
chair              tell, and protecting the future of humanity from such evil recurring.
of Presidential    Always maintaining his dedicated belief that although all the victims
Commission on      of the Holocaust were not Jewish, all Jews were victims of the
the Holocaust      Holocaust, Wiesel advocated placing the major emphasis of the
                   memorial on the annihilation of the Jews, while still remembering
1980--Commission   the murder of other groups.
renamed U.S.
Holocaust          Wiesel remained
Memorial Council   chairman of the
                   Committee until
1985--awarded      1986. He has aided in
Congressional      the recognition and
Gold Medal of      remembrance of
Achievement        Soviet Jews, the
                   establishment of
1986--awarded      Israel and has
Nobel Peace        dedicated the latter
Prize              part of his life to the
                   witness of the
                   second-generation
                   and the vital
                   requirement that memory and action be carried on after the survivors
                   have all left us. Wiesel's own words are the best explanation:

                   Let us remember, let us remember the heroes of Warsaw, the
                   martyrs of Treblinka, the children of Auschwitz. They fought
                   alone, they suffered alone, they lived alone, but they did not
                   die alone, for something in all of us died with them.
                                                   Night Glossary of Terms
fascism: a political movement that exalts the collective nation, and often race, above the individual and that advocates: a
centralized totalitarian state headed by a charismatic leader; expansion of the nation, preferably by military force, forcible
suppression and sometimes physical annihilation of opponents—real and perceived. Fascist states demand total personal
commitment of the individual to the collective whole (nation, race) and often organize economic production around preparation
for total war and extreme exploitation of occupied territories

Galicia: a province of Poland ruled by Habsburg Austria in the 19th Century and the Polish Republic between the two world
wars. After World War II, Galicia became a part of West Ukraine.

Gestapo: the German Secret State Police, which was under control and command

Hasidic: pertaining to a Jewish sect of the second century B.C. opposed to Hellenism and devoted to the strict observance of the
ritual law

Hasidism: a movement of Orthodox Judaism with strong mystical and emotional elements that developed among Eastern
European Jews in the 18th Century. (Hasid: a member of the movement; Hasidic: pertaining to the movement)

Job: in the Old Testament, a man whose faith was severely tested by Satan, with God's permission. Figuratively, any long-
suffering person can be said to be "as patient as Job."

Kabbalah: a body of mystical teachings of rabbinical origin, often based on an private or selective understanding of the Hebrew
Scriptures

Kaddish: a Jewish prayer recited in the daily synagogue services and by mourners after the death of a close relative

kapo: a concentration camp prisoner selected to oversee other prisoners on labor details. The term is often used generically for
any concentration camp prisoner whom the Nazis gave authority over other prisoners.

Passover: a Jewish holiday commemorating the Hebrews' liberation from slavery in Egypt

Rosh Hashanah: the festival of the New Year in Judaism. Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur and the eight days in between are
special days of penitence.

Shavuot: a Jewish holiday in commemoration of the revelation of the Ten Commandments at Mt. Sinai

Shekhinah: a visible manifestation of the divine presence as described in Jewish theology

synagogue: in Judaism, a house of worship and learning

Talmud: collections of rabbinic commentary on biblical texts that form, with the Torah, the foundation for the religious laws of
Judaism

Temple: the central place of worship for the Israelites.

Transylvania: a historical region of western Romania bounded by the Transylvanian Alps and the Carpathian Mountains. Part of
Hungary from 1867 to 1918, it became part of Romania after World War I. The province was divided between Romania and
Hungary in 1940, with northern Transylvania going to Hungary. Northern Transylvania was restored to Romania after World War
II.stroyed it in 70 C.E.

Yom Kippur: a Jewish holy day marked by fasting and prayer for the atonement of sins

Zohar: Hebrew meaning "splendor, radiance;" one of the major works of the Kabbala h
                                      What is a Bildungsroman?
The German word Bildungsroman means "a novel of formation": that is, a novel of someone's growth from
childhood to maturity. The definition has four parts. In the space provided, relate the novel to what is being
described using examples.
   1. A Bildungsroman is, most generally, the story of a single individual's growth and development
      within the context of a defined social order. The growth process, at its roots a quest story, has
      been described as both "an apprenticeship to life" and a "search for meaningful existence within
      society."




   2. To spur the hero or heroine on to their journey, some form of loss or discontent must jar them at
   an early stage away from the home or family setting.




   3. The process of maturity is long, arduous, and gradual, consisting of repeated clashes between the
   protagonist's needs and desires and the views and judgments enforced by an unbending social order.




   4. Eventually, the spirit and values of the social order become manifest in the protagonist, who is
   then accommodated into society. The novel ends with an assessment by the protagonist of himself
   and his new place in that society.
                                     Night Chapter 1 Study Guide

1. What was the name of the town where Elie lived?



2. In what year does Elie’s story begin? How old was he?



3. When Elie says,”I believed profoundly,” to what is he referring?




4. How is Elie’s father described?




5. Who was Moshe the Beadle? Why was he so important to Elie?




6. What first incident occurred in Sighet that was a warning of trouble for the Jewish population?




7. About what did Moshe the Beadle return to Sighet to tell his people? How did the people of Sighet react to
   Moshe’s warning?




8. What was the mood of the Jewish community even after the German invasion?




9. What “terrible news” was brought to the Jewish people of Sighet? (p. 11)




10. Between pp. 12 and 17, find two significant quotes that portray the sadness of the evacuation. Explain each.
                                                 Night
                                         Chapter 2 Study Guide


1. “To save was our rule; to save up for tomorrow.” Discuss the meaning behind this rule.




2. Where were they taken? To what were “our eyes opened, but too late?”




3. Describe Madame Schacter’s reaction to being separated from her family.




4. What does Madame Schacter imagine she sees? What literary element is this?




5. After a while, Madame Schacter’s son no longer cries out, even when she is hit. Why is this? What does it
   suggest about the future?




6. On page 24, what do they learn about the labor camp?




7. How does Madame Schacter’s “dream” come true?
                                                     Night
                                             Chapter 3 Study Guide


1. The men were then marched before Dr. Josef Mengele. What did he do? What was his purpose?




2. What did Elie witness while he was standing in the line? What was his reaction to what he saw?




3. When Elie realized that he and his father might be burned, what plan did he devise?




4. The scene of Wiesel and his father approaching the inferno is particularly vivid. How is such artistry
   achieved?




5. List the things that Wiesel says he shall never forget.




6. What was Eli’s first impression of Auschwitz?




7. What was unusual about the prisoner in charge of their barracks?
                                                  Night
                                          Chapter 4 Study Guide

1. Pages 45 – 50 (top) describe Elie’s first weeks at Buna. Choose a passage or event that you find significant
   and explain why this portion of the story affected you.




2. Why does Elie include the incident with Idek and his meeting with the French girl in his story? What do we
   learn from his experience? What literary element(s) are present?




3. On pages 52 – 56, Elie experiences two physically painful events. Which one was more horrifying to you?
   Explain.




4. On pages 56 - 58, an air raid with bombing occurs. What is ironic in the prisoners’ reaction to this event?
   What happens to the man who attempts to steal the soup?




5. On pages 58 – 62, Elie witnesses two hangings. Explain the difference in his reaction to each. How do his
   comments about the soup reflect these different attitudes?
                                                   Night Chapter 6

                                              JOURNAL ASSIGNMENT

Please create a journal entry for chapter 5. This entry should include your reactions to the reading as well as any
pertinent literary elements and thematic ideas. Don’t wait until you are finished with the chapter to record your
thoughts. This assignment is meant to make you think and record your observations. You should complete the
entries as you are reading.

Reflections can include any and all of the following:
     Thoughts                                                          Powerful Quotes
     Observations                                                      Meaningful Sections
     Feelings                                                          Connections to Other Events
     Literary Techniques                                               Shocking Moments
     Criticisms of author or story                                     Etc.

Remember, the important part of this assignment is to get your thoughts and opinions out on the page. Please don’t
write a paragraph summary and a paragraph reflection. I would rather have you address certain sections/quotes/
passages as you come across them. You should be using at least one page for each entry.

Your Response:

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
                                            Night
                                    Chapter 6 Study Guide

                                                  Walking Out

                                  I would walk out of this flesh,
                                  leave the whole body of my bones.
                                  If I could, I would undress utterly.

                                  I would be silence. Even the sleeves
                                  of my best coat would not know me.
                                  I would write my name in cold blood

                                  by a candle whose flame would be fire,
                                  air, breath, everything, including paper.
                                  I would be totally absent from myself,

                                  from thought of myself; I would forget
                                  myself entirely. I would go out only
                                  at night, naked and perpetually catching

                                  cold, and, in fear of footprints, walk
                                  on my hands. They would think five toed bird
                                  and at the edge of water imagine flight.

                                  But I would still be walking, if I could,
                                  out of body, leaving behind, in a wake
                                  of absence, clothes, fingerprints, words.

1. Read and analyze the poem “Walking Out”. Identify and highlight literary elements and propose a
   theme for the poem.




2. Upon completion of #1, consider the poem in relation to the events of Chapter 6. Explain how the
   thoughts of the speaker in the poem relate to Elie’s thoughts in Chapter 6. Cite THREE specific textual
   references from Chapter 6 to justify your ideas.
                                       Chapter 7 Study Guide

1. Chapter 7 is split into four sections. The first three depict different father-son relationships. Briefly
   describe what happens in each.




2. In the last section, we learn that Elie and his father survive the trip to Buchenwald. What makes them
   different from the other fathers and sons?
                                              Night
                                      Chapter 8 Study Guide


1. Chapter 8 depicts Elie’s conflicting emotions about his father. He is torn between the fear of losing
   him and the pressure of having to take care of him. Choose TWO quotes that depict EACH
   emotion.
      




        




        




        




2.   Comment on the final passage on page 106 when he finds out that his father is gone. How does
     he feel? What is his reaction? Explain.
                                      Chapter 9 Study Guide

The final pages describe the liberation of Buchenwald. Discuss in detail the last two lines of the
chapter.

          What does he see? Explain WHY.




          What does the last sentence specifically tell us about Elie? How have his experiences
           affected him? EXPLAIN.
                                   Night Socratic Seminar Discussion Topics

DIRECTIONS: In the space provided on the following sheets, answer the assigned questions as you
prepare for our upcoming Socratic Seminar.

   1. Is there such thing as morality in “survival” mode? Is a human truly capable of discerning and acting upon
      “right & wrong” when enduring great suffering?

   2. What is the primary lesson that Wiesel teaches us in Night? Choose specific characters and scenes which
      convey this lesson.

   3. Is it possible to stop being “human,” and if so, what determines this humanity? When does it start/stop?
      What is the essential factor in being “human”? (Simply: What makes us human vs. animal?)

   4. Many characters in Night are transformed into brutal savages due to the inhumane treatment they experience.
      Does Elie himself escape this fate? Does he remain morally and spiritually intact or does he become a bestial
      creature? Explain and support your views with specific quotes/ actions.

   5. Wiesel's village was invaded by the Nazi soldiers in 1944, years after the extermination of Jews had begun.
      Why, after all this time, did the people have so little, if any, information about what had been happening to
      Jews all over Europe?

   6. Wiesel was given two contrasting pieces of advice about how to survive. One was from a young Pole, a
      prisoner in charge of one of the prison blocks, and the other was from the head of one of the blocks at
      Buchenwald who spoke to Wiesel as his father lay dying. Summarize these two philosophies of survival and
      discuss the wisdom of each.

   7. Wiesel wrote of those things he will never forget (p. 32). After reading Night, what images, ideas, and feelings
      do you think you will never forget?

   8. In discussing the Holocaust, one survivor, Luba Frederick, said, "To die was easy." Based on the reading you
      have done, explain her statement.

   9. At one point in the book, Wiesel said that he had ceased to feel human. What did he mean by this and what
      things can cause people to lose their sense of dignity and humanity?

   10. What is the most vivid (not necessarily horrific) scene in the book for you?****

   11. Why is the book called Night?

   12. At the end of the book, Wiesel writes, “From the depths of the mirror, a corpse was contemplating me. The
      look in his eyes as he gazed at me has never left me.” What parts of Elie died during his captivity? What was
      born in their place?

   13. Which do you feel is worse—the death of the body or the death of the soul? Why?


   14. What happens to Elie in regard to his faith? How does the author use to show the struggle in the inmates
       had retaining their humanity and their faith?
____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________
                           Night “RAFT” Activity
 Chose one “ROLE”. Then move across the squares to complete the writing activity.
       This should take up at least one page. Use as many details as possible!




   ROLE             AUDIENCE                 FORMAT                  TOPIC



                                                                  Please find my
      Elie            His Community          A Wanted Ad
                                                                 mother and sisters




Madame Schacter     People on the train       Diary Entry         Why I see the fire




 Prisoner (while
                         Yourself         Poem or Song Lyrics     Why I keep going
running 42 miles)



Sad Eyed Angel                                                    Why I should be
                          Guards           Persuasive Speech
    (Pipel)                                                           spared



                                                                 The tragic sights at
  U.S. Troops             Home                   Letter
                                                                   Buchenwald



    Mirror                                                       “…a corpse gazed
                           Elie                Narrative
 (end of novel)                                                       back.”
The Nobel Acceptance Speech Delivered by Elie Wiesel in Oslo on December 10, 1986

Your Majesty, Your Royal Highnesses, Your Excellencies, Chairman Aarvik, members of the Nobel Committee, ladies
and gentlemen:

Words of gratitude. First to our common Creator. This is what the Jewish tradition commands us to do. At special
occasions, one is duty-bound to recite the following prayer: "Barukh shehekhyanu vekiymanu vehigianu lazman haze"
— "Blessed be Thou for having sustained us until this day."

Then — thank you, Chairman Aarvik, for the depth of your eloquence. And for the generosity
of your gesture. Thank you for building bridges between people and generations. Thank you,
above all, for helping humankind make peace its most urgent and noble aspiration.

I am moved, deeply moved by your words, Chairman Aarvik. And it is with a profound sense
of humility that I accept the honor — the highest there is — that you have chosen to bestow
upon me. I know your choice transcends my person.

Do I have the right to represent the multitudes who have perished? Do I have the right to
accept this great honor on their behalf? I do not. No one may speak for the dead, no one may
interpret their mutilated dreams and visions. And yet, I sense their presence. I always do —
and at this moment more than ever. The presence of my parents, that of my little sister. The Wiesel and his
presence of my teachers, my friends, my companions…                                          surviving sisters

This honor belongs to all the survivors and their children and, through us to the Jewish people with whose destiny I
have always identified.

I remember: it happened yesterday, or eternities ago. A young Jewish boy discovered the Kingdom of Night. I
remember his bewilderment, I remember his anguish. It all happened so fast. The ghetto. The deportation. The sealed
cattle car. The fiery altar upon which the history of our people and the future of mankind were meant to be sacrificed.

                        I remember he asked his father: "Can this be true? This is the twentieth century, not the Middle
                        Ages. Who would allow such crimes to be committed? How could the world remain silent?"

                        And now the boy is turning to me. "Tell me," he asks, "what have you done with my future,
                        what have you done with your life?" And I tell him that I have tried. That I have tried to keep
                        memory alive, that I have tried to fight those who would forget. Because if we forget, we are
A synagogue in
                        guilty, we are accomplices.
Sighet,
Wiesel's home town
                           And then I explain to him how naïve we were, that the world did know and remained silent.
And that is why I swore never to be silent whenever wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We
must take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the
tormented. Sometimes we must interfere. When human lives are endangered, when human dignity is in jeopardy,
national borders and sensitivities become irrelevant. Wherever men and women are persecuted because of their race,
religion, or political views, that place must — at that moment — become the center of the universe.

Of course, since I am a Jew profoundly rooted in my people's memory and tradition, my first response is to Jewish
fears, Jewish needs, Jewish crises. For I belong to a traumatized generation, one that experienced the abandonment and
solitude of our people. It would be unnatural for me not to make Jewish priorities my own: Israel, Soviet Jewry, Jews in
Arab land… But others are important to me. Apartheid is, in my view, as abhorrent as anti-Semitism. To me, Andrei
Sakharov's isolation is as much a disgrace as Joseph Begun's imprisonment and Ida Nudel's exile. As is the denial of
solidarity and it's leader Lech Walesa's right to dissent. And Nelson Mandela's interminable imprisonment.

There is so much injustice and suffering crying out for our attention: victims of hunger, of racism and political
persecution — in Chile, for instance, or in Ethiopia — writers and poets, prisoners in so many lands governed by the
Left and by the Right.

Human rights are being violated on every continent. More people are oppressed than free. How
can one not be sensitive to their plight? Human suffering anywhere concerns men and women
everywhere. That applies also to Palestinians to whose plight I am sensitive but whose methods I
deplore when they lead to violence. Violence is not the answer. Terrorism is the most dangerous
of answers. They are frustrated, that is understandable, something must be done. The refugees
and their misery. The children and their fear. The uprooted and their hopelessness. Something
must be done about their situation. Both the Jewish people and the Palestinian people have lost
too many sons and daughters and have shed too much blood. This must stop, and all attempts to
stop it must be encouraged. Israel will cooperate, I am sure of that. I trust Israel for I have faith
in the Jewish people. Let Israel be given a chance, let hatred and danger be removed from their
horizons, and there will be peace in and around the Holy Land. Please understand my deep and
                                                                                                      Portrait of Wiesel
total commitment to Israel: if you could remember what I remember, you would understand.
                                                                                                      in his early 20's
Israel is the only nation in the world whose existence is threatened. Should Israel lose but one
war, it would mean her end and ours as well. But I have faith. Faith in the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and even
in His creation. Without it no action would be possible. And action is the only remedy to indifference, the most
insidious danger of all. Isn't that the meaning of Alfred Nobel's legacy? Wasn't his fear of war a shield against war?

There is so much to be done, there is so much that can be done. One person — a Raoul Wallenberg, an Albert
Schweitzer, Martin Luther King, Jr. — one person of integrity, can make a difference, a difference of life and death. As
long as one dissident is in prison, our freedom will not be true. As long as one child is hungry, our life will be filled with
anguish and shame. What all these victims need above all is to know that they are not alone; that we are not forgetting
them, that when their voices are stifled we shall lend them ours, that while their freedom depends on ours, the quality
of our freedom depends on theirs.

This is what I say to the young Jewish boy wondering what I have done with his years. It is in his name that I speak to
you and that I express to you my deepest gratitude as one who has emerged from the Kingdom of Night. We know that
every moment is a moment of grace, every hour an offering; not to share them would mean to betray them.

Our lives no longer belong to us alone; they belong to all those who need us desperately.

Thank you, Chairman Aarvik. Thank you, members of the Nobel Committee. Thank you, people of Norway, for
declaring on this singular occasion that our survival has meaning for mankind.
                           Night and Animal Farm Critical Lens Essay
Your Task:
Write a critical lens essay in which you discuss two works of literature you have read from the particular
perspective of the statement that is provided for you in the Critical Lens. In your essay, provide a valid
interpretation of the statement, agree OR disagree with the statement as you have interpreted it, and support
your opinion using specific references to appropriate literary elements from the two works. You may use
scrap paper to plan your response.
Please note: For this essay, you may choose ONE of the THREE critical lens quotations below:

Critical Lens:

     “Greatness lies not in being strong, but in the right using of strength….”
      —Henry Ward Beecher Life Thoughts, 1858

     Experience hath shewn, that even under the best forms of government
      those entrusted with power have, in time, and by slow operations,
      perverted it into tyranny. – Thomas Jefferson

     I assess the power of a will by how much resistance, pain, torture it endures
      and knows how to turn to its advantage. – Friedrich Nietzsche


Guidelines:
       Be sure to
        Provide a valid interpretation of the critical lens that clearly establishes the criteria for analysis
        Indicate whether you agree OR disagree with the statement as you have interpreted it
        Choose two works you have read that you believe best support your opinion
        Use the criteria suggested by the critical lens to analyze the works you have chosen
        Avoid plot summary. Instead, use specific references to appropriate literary elements (for
          example: theme, characterization, setting, point of view) to develop your analysis
        Organize your ideas in a unified and coherent manner
        Specify the titles and authors of the literature you choose
        Follow the conventions of written standard English


Points and Due Dates
Completed Graphic Organizer                      30 Points               DUE: _______________
Final, Typed Essay                               120 Points              DUE: _______________

TOTAL POINTS:                   150
                             Part IV          Critical Lens Essay Outline
I.     Introduction

          Capture Attention. Provide a general statement that encompasses the ideas of the quotation.
          State the critical lens. Example: According to _________, “quotation here”.
          Interpret- and Agree OR disagree with- the lens. Explain the quotation in your own words.
           Remember, You must choose one- and ONLY one- argument!
          Connect the lens to two works. You must include the title and author of both works.
          Thesis. What is the main argument of your entire essay? What is the essay about?

II.    Body Paragraph I

          Topic sentence. This is where you introduce the main argument for work #1. Be sure to include
           title and author of first work in this sentence.
          Details. This is where you briefly summarize the plot. Assume the reader has never read the
           literary work, but don’t get stuck here with too much info!
          Literary Element I. Use specifics from the text that support your thesis. Avoid just “plugging
           in” an element to get it over with. Think carefully about a literary element that supports your thesis.
           Name the element and explain how it supports your thesis.
          Literary Element II. Same as above.
          Conclusion. Example: This proves (or these ideas prove) _________________ (the lens OR your
           interpretation) to be true.

III.   Body Paragraph II

          Topic sentence. This is where you introduce the main argument for work #1. Be sure to include
           title and author of first work in this sentence.
          Details. This is where you briefly summarize the plot. Assume the reader has never read the
           literary work, but don’t get stuck here with too much info!
          Literary Element I. Use specifics from the text that support your thesis. Avoid just “plugging
           in” an element to get it over with. Think carefully about a literary element that supports your thesis.
           Name the element and explain how it supports your thesis.
          Literary Element II. Same as above.
          Conclusion. Example: This proves (or these ideas prove) _________________ (the lens OR your
           interpretation) to be true.

IV.    Conclusion

          Restate the thesis. This is your interpretation of the quote.
          Summarize. Recap the main points for each of your two works.
          End with final thought. Here, you can either restate the lens or give a general idea or thought
           regarding the topic of the critical lens. Remember, as you progress through your conclusion, your
           ideas become more and more general.
                                          Critical Lens Graphic Organizer
Directions: This organizer must be completed before you can begin crafting your essay on a computer. You will
receive 10 points towards your final essay grade for completing this and turning it in with the final draft of your essay.

INTRODUCTION

Capture Attention. Provide a
general statement that encompasses
the ideas of the quotation.


State the critical lens. In a
complete sentence, copy the critical
lens.


Interpret the lens. What does the
quote mean in your own words?
Do you agree or disagree with the
quote? WHY?

Connect the quote to two works.
List the title and author for both
works.



Thesis. State how these two works
deal with the idea presented in the
quote.


BODY PARAGRAPH 1
  1. Title of Work #1:               ___________Animal Farm_________________

        Author:                      ____________George Orwell_______________

Tell how the lens (quote)
relates to Book #1. Give specific
examples from the story.


Literary Element 1. How does this
literary element prove your thesis,
or main argument?


Literary Element 2. How does this
literary element prove your thesis,
or main argument?


Concluding Sentence.
BODY PARAGRAPH 2
  2. Title of Work #2:              ________________Night___________________

        Author:                     ________________Elie Wiesel________________


Tell how the lens (quote)
relates to Book #1. Give specific
examples from the story.


Literary Element 1. How does this
literary element prove your thesis, or
main argument?


Literary Element 2. How does this
literary element prove your thesis, or
main argument?


Concluding Sentence.




CONCLUSION

Restate the thesis. How did you
interpret the quote?



Summarize Work #1. How does the
first work support your thesis, and the
quote?



Summarize Work #2. How does the
second work support your thesis, and
the quote?



Final Thought.

								
To top