6 Motorcycle roadworthiness - Motorcycle Safety

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					6: Motorcycle roadworthiness
Before you ride you need to make sure that your motorcycle is roadworthy. A roadworthy motorcycle is safe to ride and meets the
standards required by law.


The parts of a motorcycle


                            Headlight               Petrol tank                        Shock absorber                   Brake light


                 Front forks                                             Carburettor
                                                                                                        Chain & guard
                                                                                                                                      Indicators


        Front brake disc




                                                                                                                                   Rear brake
                                              Cylinder                                      Footrest


                                                                                                                 Exhaust
           Front brake caliper                            Engine                Gear shift
                                                                            Rear brake pedal
                                                                           on right hand side



The controls of a motorcycle

                                                                                  Tachometer
                                     Speedometer                                                                   Kill switch



                High/low                                           High beam
              beam switch                                           indicator                  Right indicator


                                   Left indicator
                                                                                                                              Rear view
                                                                                                                              mirror(s)



                                                                                                                            Front brake lever




         Clutch lever




                                                                                                       Starter switch

                                                         Horn
                                                                                Oil light
                                                                                                                        Throttle
                           Indicator switch


Department of Transport and Main Roads, Queensland Motorcycle Riders’ Guide, 2012                                        6: Motorcycle roadworthiness   30
Motorcycle checklist                                                      •	    no less than 500 mm above ground level.

Your motorcycle’s roadworthiness must be checked at regular               You must not obscure your number plate with your registration
intervals. Before riding do these basic checks:                           label holder. It is an offence to have an obscured number
                                                                          plate. Heavy penalties apply.
•	   current registration
•	   current registration label and registration plate are clearly        Number plate
     displayed and securely attached                                      The number plate fitted to the motorcycle you ride must be:
•	   working lights - including headlights, tail-light, brake             •	    issued by the department
     light, indicators
                                                                          •	    mounted at the rear of the motorcycle
•	   working brakes
                                                                          •	    in an upright position parallel to the motorcycle’s axle
•	   steering
                                                                          •	    no more than 1.3 metres above ground level
•	   suspension
                                                                          •	    able to be seen and read clearly from anywhere within a
•	   working horn                                                               45 degree arc of the motorcycle’s centreline, at a distance
•	   tyre pressure and tread depth (at least 1.5 mm over the                    of 20 metres (see diagrams). That means it cannot be
     whole tyre surface)                                                        hidden by anything (such as a registration label holder)

•	   chain/drive belt guard.                                              •	    clearly readable – clean and in good condition

Adjust the controls of the motorcycle so they are right for you.          •	    free of any characteristics that would prevent the
                                                                                detection of traffic offences
You should be able to reach all the controls easily without
being cramped.                                                            •	    returned to the department if you do not intend to renew
                                                                                your registration.
Make sure that your lights all work and can be clearly seen.
Make sure that your lights and mirrors are clean. Adjust the
                                                                                                          45˚
mirrors so that you have a good view to the rear and sides.

You must not ride any motorcycle at night if the lights are not                                               Visible to 20m

working.
                                                                                                                Number plate
Renewing your motorcycle registration
Before your registration expires, a renewal notice will be sent                                         45˚
to you in the mail. If you don’t receive your renewal notice you
can, phone Customer Service Direct on 13 23 80.
                                                                                                        Number plate
When you receive your renewal notice you should pay your                                                visible to 20m
renewal before the expiry date. If your registration has expired
you must not ride your motorcyle. You could be fined for using
                                                                                                       45˚
an unregistred and unisured vehicle. If you are involved in a
crash you may not be insured.                                             The number plate must also be illuminated so that it is clearly
                                                                          visible at night.
If you do not renew your registration before the due date you
must:                                                                     It is an offence to:

•	   not ride your motorcycle if the registration has expired.            •	    alter the number plate in any way
     Your registration expires at midnight on the date of expiry
                                                                          •	    attach a number plate to any vehicle other than the one to
•	   renew your registration, including CTP insurance, within                   which it is registered to
     two months of the expiry, or you will have to reregister
                                                                          •	    use a number plate cover that is not flat, clear, clean and
     the motorcycle. This means you will have to buy a new
                                                                                untinted
     number plate, obtain a safety certificate and buy CTP
     insurance.                                                           •	    have an obscured number plate.

Registration label                                                        Roadworthiness

Your registration label must be:                                          Some of the most important rules about motorcycles are
                                                                          described here. If you have any doubt about the rules that
•	   in a holder (preferably waterproof ) securely attached to
                                                                          apply to your motorcycle, contact Customer Service Direct on
     your motorcycle. Cylindrical registration label holders
     do not meet visability requirments. Advice on the use of             13 23 80.
     cyclindrical holders is included on the reverse side of the
     registration certificate and lables issued to motorcycles
•	   clearly visible on the left hand side or the rear of the
     motorcycle


Department of Transport and Main Roads, Queensland Motorcycle Riders’ Guide, 2012                          6: Motorcycle roadworthiness
                                                                                                          6: Motorcycle roadworthiness     31
Tyres
                                                                                Tyre pressures are critical to a motorcycle’s
Your motorcycle’s tyres must be in good condition and                           handling Under-inflated tyres significantly
have a tread at least 1.5 mm deep across and around the                                increase the risk of crashing
circumference of the tread surface. Motorcycles must not
have regrooved tyres, unless the tyre was manufactured to be              Mirrors and indicators
regrooved.
                                                                          Rear vision mirrors must be fitted to each side of a motorcycle
                                                                          manufactured after 1 July 1975. All other motorcycles must have
                                                                          at least one mirror, preferably on the right hand side.

                                                                          Direction indicator lights must be fitted to the front and rear of
                                                                          a motorcycle manufactured after 30 June 1975.

                                                                          Defect notices
                                                                          If a motorcycle is inspected and found to be defective or not
                                                                          complying with the law, the registered operator may be issued
                                                                          with a defect notice.

                                                                          There are two types of defect notices:
                                                                          •	    minor defect – where a minor non-compliance exists
                                                                          •	    major defect – where a serious safety risk exists.

                                                                          If the defect notice remains uncleared, the registration may
          tyre tread                         tyre tread                   be subsequently cancelled. The registered operator is advised
                                                                          in a warning letter of an uncleared defect notice and of any
Tyres are to be inflated to the specifications of the tyre                cancellation of the registration which may follow. The vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended pressure or they may overheat                  owner has the opportunity to forward the defect notice
and fail. The sidewalls of the tyres should not have any cracks           clearance before the registration is cancelled.
or bumps. If your tyres wear unevenly there may be a problem
                                                                          Most major defects notices issued must be repaired and
with the steering or suspension.
                                                                          presented to a departmental Inspection Centre before they can
                                                                          be cleared.




Department of Transport and Main Roads, Queensland Motorcycle Riders’ Guide, 2012                          6: Motorcycle roadworthiness   32

				
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