# Measurement by linxiaoqin

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```									             Measurement
• In 1700’s the French academy of Sciences
began to form a global measurement system
now know as International System of Units
or SI.
• All units are based on the number 10, which
makes conversions easier.
Length and Area
• Meter (m) is the basic SI unit of length.
• Tools meter stick and ruler to measure.
• Kilometer (km), decimeter (dm),
centimeter(cm), millimeter (mm)
• Area: measure of the size of the surface of
an object.
• Formula: length X width=area (cm )
Mass/Volume
• Mass: measure of the amount of matter in an
object.
• SI units: kilograms (kg), gram (g), milligram (mg)
• Volume: the amount of space an object takes up.
• Formula: length X width X height= Volume (cm )
• Volume of an irregular shape can be found by
measuring the volume of liquid it displaces.
Density
• Density: the amount of matter in a given
volume.
• Formula: Mass    =Density (g/cm^3 )
Volume
Measuring Length
How many millimeters are in 1 centimeter?

1 centimeter = 10 millimeters

What is the length of the line in centimeters? _______cm
What is the length of the line in millimeters? _______mm

What is the length of the line to the nearest centimeter? ________cm
HINT: Round to the nearest centimeter – no decimals.

Ruler: http://www.k12math.com/math-concepts/measurement/ruler-cm.jpg
Measuring Volume
We will be using graduated cylinders to
find the volume of liquids and other objects.

Read the measurement based on the bottom of the
meniscus or curve. When using a real cylinder, make
sure you are eye-level with the level of the water.
What is the volume of water in the cylinder? _____mL

What causes the meniscus?
A concave meniscus occurs when the molecules of the liquid
attract those of the container. The glass attracts the water on
the sides.

Bottom Image: http://morrisonlabs.com/meniscus.htm
Measuring Liquid Volume
What is the volume of water in each cylinder?

Pay attention to the scales for each cylinder.
Measuring Solid Volume
We can measure the volume of regular object
9 cm         using the formula length x width x height.

_____ X _____ X _____ = _____
8 cm
10 cm

We can measure the volume of

http://resources.edb.gov.hk/~s1sci/R_S1Science/sp/e
irregular object using water displacement.

n/syllabus/unit14/new/testingmain1.htm
Amount of H2O with object = ______

About of H2O without object = ______

Difference = Volume = ______

Choose Lessons  Volume & Displacement
Measuring Mass
We will be using triple-beam balances
to find the mass of various objects.
The objects are placed on the scale and
then you move the weights on the beams
until you get the lines on the right-side of
the scale to match up.

Once you have balanced the scale, you add up
the amounts on each beam to find the total mass.
What would be the mass of the object measured
in the picture?
_______ + ______ + _______ = ________ g

Top Image: http://www.southwestscales.com/Ohaus_Triple_Beam_750-SO.jpg
Bottom Image: http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/biology/units/laboratory/graphics/triplebeambalance.jpg

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