Department of Horticultural Science Newsletter - College of

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					                              Horticultural Science Newsletter
                                         Fall 2011
                 North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7609

               John Dole                                 with the department for many years (I won’t say
                                                         how many years!), will have positions in the
I was tempted to start this column with the              new service center. The bad news is that they
cliché “Change is the only constant”, but as I           will be moved to Patterson from Kilgore Hall.
look out the window and see a huge, shady oak
tree that has been there for ages, I know that           The constant in all of this change has been the
cliché is only partially true. The oak, of course,       support of the industry and the dedication of
changes all the time – soon the leaves will color        faculty, staff, and volunteers to getting the job
orange and red. In the spring, flowering oaks            done. Most students, volunteers, extension
are particularly nice when they are covered in           agents and industry will see little difference in
catkins and the new leaves are emerging. And             the courses offered and the assistance that our
some years the pinging of falling acorns on the          faculty and staff are providing. Please be aware
roof tells me that the squirrels will have plenty        of how much effort has gone into trying to
to eat and, hopefully, leave my tulip bulbs              maintaining programs that make a difference.
alone. What has prompted all of this
introspection – the changing departmental
budget situation, of course. After months of
uncertainty, we have received a 13.5% cut in
research and a 12.3% cut in extension. The
academic cut remains undefined at this time.
The actual dollar amount of the research and
extension cuts is $668,613. As high as that
amount is, it could have been higher as CALS
administration absorbed some of the cuts.
However, the cuts are having a major impact on
what we do and how we do it. We are losing
three faculty positions and operating funds for
the department, JCRA, CEFS, greenhouses and
Horticulture Field Lab are being cut. Faculty                          FACULTY NEWS
and the JCRA are paying for a much larger                        Wayne Buhler and Elaine Levin
percentage of their technician’s salaries from
grants and donations. On top of the cuts, fees           Professor Todd Wehner will be on sabbatical
have been raised on field plots at the research          leave this fall, working with the plant breeding
stations and on greenhouse space. Thus, faculty          group at the UC-Davis, and at the University of
and staff have to not only raise more money to           Nebraska-Lincoln. Todd will still teach HS 541
pay for what they already have, but also have to         Plant Breeding Methods in a distance education
pay for higher fees.                                     format in the fall semester, and he will also offer
                                                         the new distance education course, HS 590-602,
In addition, CALS is moving forward with their           Plant Breeding Overview, a 5 week core course
plans to create a college-wide service center for        for students interested in plant breeding. HS
accounting, grants/contracts and human                   590-602 will include useful information without
resources. The good news is that all four of our         all of the technical details and mathematical
bookkeeping staff, some of whom have been
formulas. In Todd’s absence, Julia Kornegay
will teach HS 601, Seminar Techniques and

Shengping Zhang, Visiting Scientist with
Todd Wehner, will complete his research this
fall and will then return to the Chinese Academy
of Agricultural Sciences in Beijing, China. He                     The Emmy Award-winning “In the Garden
has helped develop materials and funding for                       with Bryce Lane” premiered its ninth season on
mapping the genes of cucumber which relate to                      Saturday, Sept. 10, 2011 at noon, on UNC-TV.
fruit quality, plant type, and disease resistance.                 Lane kicked off the season with a visit to
                                                                   Raleigh’s Plant Delights Nursery for a peek at
Anne Spafford, Associate Professor of                              some of the latest and greatest perennial plants.
Landscape Design, used her recent study leave                      Horticultural Science Alum Tony Avent talked
to delve into planting design as it pertains to                    about his Nursery and Botanical Garden.
rain gardens, vertical gardens, and therapeutic
gardens. She toured the Southeastern U.S.,                         Lane travels to some of the country’s most-
Auburn University and Western Carolina                             visited gardens, the Chicago Botanic Gardens
University, giving workshops in building rain                      and Morton Arboretum, while also showcasing
gardens. Anne also traveled to Paris to                            beautiful gardens close to home.
investigate the vertical gardens of Patrick Blanc
(and to eat her weight in croissants...this                                             Awards
comment from Anne).

                                                                   The ASHS Annual Conference will be held
Vertical Garden by Patrick Blanc on the building facade of a
          department store in Paris, built in 2007                 September 25-28, 2011 in Waikoloa, Hawaii.
                                                                   Congratulations to Dennis Werner who will be
Closer to home, Anne collaborated with a                           awarded the ASHS Fellow.
Raleigh psychotherapist in designing residential
scale therapeutic landscapes. She returns to                       Dennis J. Werner is a lifelong horticulturist,
campus excited to bring back to her classes what                   earning all of his degrees in Horticulture: BS,
she has learned, and she is also in the process of                 Pennsylvania State University; MS and PhD at
writing two books. Later this semester, Anne                       Michigan State University. He joined the
will give a seminar on her travels.                                Horticultural Science faculty at North Carolina
                                                                   State University (NC State) in 1979, and
Welcome to Joanna Lelekacs, a new faculty                          progressed through the academic ranks with
member working as an Extension Associate                           honor, while contributing unselfishly to
with Nancy Creamer’s project.                                      Departmental, College, and University
                                                                   programs. Werner is a popular undergraduate
Best wishes for continued good health to Larry                     and graduate student mentor who has
Bass, who was released from Wake Med                               significantly impacted the lives of students and
Hospital on Tuesday, September 13, 2011.                           faculty alike. Three different times, for a total
                                                                   of 13 years, he has served as the Graduate
                                                                   Program Director for the university’s
Horticultural Science Department. He has also
been Interim Undergraduate Coordinator.
Dennis is an excellent and committed teacher                       DEPARTMENTAL HIGHLIGHTS
who twice has been recognized with the NC                                Wayne Buhler
State University Outstanding Teacher award.
Dr. Werner’s teaching responsibilities at NC
State University include plant propagation,
herbaceous perennials, and breeding asexually
propagated crops. He has directed the degree
programs of six PhD candidates, five MS, and
two Masters of Horticultural Science (MHS)              KILGORE HALL, NORTH CAROLINA STATE COLLEGE,
candidates. As another expression of his                Raleigh, N.C., was completed in 1953 and named in honor of
commitment to horticultural education, Werner           the late Dr. B.W. Kilgore. This is headquarters for the School
                                                        of Forestry and the Department of Horticulture.
and his wife have endowed an NC State
University scholarship to provide financial             The above 1953 photograph of Kilgore Hall is
support for undergraduate students interested in        from a postcard, found in an antiques store in
Plant Breeding. Werner is respected and very            Winchester, Virginia, by Frank Blazich Jr., the
highly regarded for his creative research               son of Dr. Frank Blazich. Frank Jr. was
approach and sound scientific skills and                browsing in the antiques store and, upon looking
judgment. His research focuses on breeding of           in the “North Carolina” section of the postcards,
peach and herbaceous and woody ornamentals.             he discovered this historical photo of Kilgore
His efforts in peach breeding have focused on           Hall. Frank Jr. sent the photo to his Dad, who
the development of late-flowering and late-             generously shares it with the Newsletter.
ripening cultivars. Werner’s research efforts in
ornamental taxa have focused on breeding and
genetic studies in Stokesia, Cercis, and
Buddleja. His productive breeding and genetics
programs continue to integrate traditional
techniques with state-of-the-art techniques to
create new materials that are widely welcomed
by industry. Werner is as well known around
the country and around the world in the industry
as he is among his peers in academia. For three
years, Werner served as the Director of the NC
State JC Raulston Arboretum. In addition to
being a superb researcher, teacher, student
advisor and administrator, he is a model
horticulturist, both professionally and
personally. When he is not engaged in
professional horticultural activities, he enjoys
satisfying his horticultural passion in his award
winning home landscaping projects. Werner
joined ASHS in 1976, and in 2009, received the
ASHS Cross-Commodity Publication Award                  Endowments are an important part of the
(along with co-authors Jessica G. Barb and              support programs in Horticultural Science.
Robert J. Griesbach) for the paper “Genetics and        Faculty members have started endowments, or
Biochemistry of Flower Color in Stokes Aster,”          have had endowments started in their honor.
published in the Journal of the American                These include Professors Sanders, Correll,
Society for Horticultural Science 133(4):569–           Werner, Raulston, Harris, Powell, Monaco,
Cochran, Covington, Gardner, Larson,                   The contest is a training program which teaches
Ballinger, and Harris. There is also an                4-H’ers to recognize and judge the quality of
endowment to honor Mrs. Pittman, a former              some of the most important horticultural crops
undergraduate secretary, and Larry Bass.               produced and/or consumed in North America.
                                                       The contest consists of three sections: judging,
                                                       identification; and information. The four
                                                       sections (fruits, vegetables, flowers and
                                                       ornamentals) for identification have 45
                                                       specimens in each section. 4-H’ers identify at
                                                       least 25 specimens from each section.

                                                       Larry Bass is a 1973 graduate of NC State
                                                       University with a BS in conservation and a 1979
                                                       Master’s Degree in Agriculture. He served 28
                                                       years with the NC Cooperative Extension
                                                       Service. He worked with field faculty, 4-H and
           Alex, Joyce, and Larry Bass                 horticultural agents, and with the youth served
                                                       by their programs. He coordinated the Master
The Larry and Joyce Bass 4-H Horticultural             Gardener Program for 14 years and produced
Awards Endowment provides support in                   and edited the first Master Gardener Manual.
perpetuity for the Departments of 4-H Youth            For more than 20 years, Bass oversaw 4-H
Development and Horticultural Science, and to          Horticultural Contests at district activity days,
collaboratively support awards and incentives          where 4-H presentation winners advanced to
for North Carolina 4-H members who have                state level competition at 4-H Congress. Every
excelled in the 4-H Horticultural Science              October, Larry Bass, as National Junior
program. The Awards Endowment is also used             Horticultural Association (NJHA) State
to enhance awards and incentives in 4-H                Program Chairman, accompanied state
Horticultural programs not currently having            presentation, project, and horticultural judging
endowments. This allows the Extension Subject          team winners to the association’s national
Matter Specialist with 4-H Horticulture                convention.
responsibility flexibility to recognize the most
outstanding youth participating in the program,        Larry Bass valued his responsibility as a public
in areas of cumulative and project records and         servant to those beyond the university
presentations, and provides travel to one or           community. His outreach efforts to the public
more national 4-H events which support                 included a 19-year stint as a panelist on WUNC-
horticultural science programs and scholarships.       TV’s “Almanac Gardener.”, and he also on the
                                                       State Employees Credit Union Advisory Board.
Over 200,000 young people across the state
participate annually in the 4-H Youth                  In 1987, Bass received the NC Agricultural
Development Program. An additional 25,000              Extension Service Leadership Award, and in
adult volunteers serve as mentors and coaches          1997, the NJHA Diamond Pin Award.
for these young people.
                                                       Larry grew up on a small farm in Person
                                                       County, NC. He served as president in his local
                                                       4-H Club, The Happy Workers. Fascinated with
                                                       the growing of watermelons, he selected
                                                       watermelon growing as a gardening project.
                                                       The results: a 64-pound watermelon.

                                                                 DEPARTMENTAL WEB SITE
                                                                 AND DISTANCE EDUCATION
                                                                      Mary Lorscheider

                                                       Departmental Website: Many pages in the
                                                       Departmental Website have been updated since
                                                       January, 2011. These updates include fixing
                                                       broken links, removing bugs which prevented
                                                       Contribute users from editing existing pages,
                                                       and adding information to the site from faculty
     Larry Bass and the 64 Pound Watermelon
                                                       requests. Some of the new pages include an
                                                       Alumni Profile Page, new pages for industry, a
In 1974, Bass married the former Joyce                 gift and giving page, and secure pages for
Sanders, an educator who is in her third decade        faculty and staff to conduct Departmental
of service to Wake County Public Schools. The          business. A Contribute key is now available for
Basses are parents of Alex, who graduated from         any member of the Horticultural Science
UNC-Chapel Hill, and began a career as a               department who would like to start editing
journalist. Joyce and Alex have served as              pages and adding documents to our website.
presentation judges for horticultural categories       Departmental Distance Education: The
at the NC 4-H Congress.                                Department presented three distance courses,
                                                       including Mediasite presentations in Spring,
                                                       2011. These were: HS 432, Introduction to
                                                       Permaculture, HS 421, Physiology of Temperate
                                                       Zone Tree Fruits, HS 703, Breeding Asexually
                                                       Propagated Crops, and HS 423, General
                                                       Viticulture. The Department will feature seven
                                                       DE courses in Fall, 2011. These courses are:
                                                       HS 432, Introduction to Permaculture, HS 495,
                                                       Home Food Production, HS 541, Plant Breeding
                                                       Methods, HS 601, Seminar Techniques, HS 707,
                                                       Environmental Stress Physiology, HS 790,
                                                       Diagnostic Criteria for Plant nutrition, and HS
                                                       521, Plant Breeding Overview.
           David Monks and Larry Bass

                                                                        STAFF NEWS
                                                                        Elaine Levin

                                                       Condolences to Terry Bland, Research
                 Severin Roesen
                                                       Specialist at the Horticultural Crops Research
Station, Castle Hayne, on the loss of his father,       Biaofei Jiang, 3+X (MS), Julie Sherk
William Howard Bland, on June 25, 2011.                 Lesley Judd, MS, Brian Jackson
                                                        Drew Marticorena, PhD, Nancy Creamer
Sympathies to Valerie Tyson, Plant Recorder at          Garrett Owen, MHS, Brian Jackson
the JC Raulston Arboretum, whose mother,                Abbey Piner, MHS, Lucy Bradley
Marguerite Rose Tyson Balsiger, passed away             Dana Reynolds, MHS, Lucy Bradley
on June 26, 2011 in Portland, Oregon.                   Kyle Schmitt, MS, Jonathan Schultheis

                                                        In Spring 2011, Ryan Aldridge began his MS
                                                        working with Katie Jennings. Alicain Carlson
                                                        continued from her MS to PhD working with
                                                        John Dole.

Best wishes to Brad and Melody Thompson,
proud parents of Caitlyn Rose. Caitlyn was
born July 6, 2011 at 5:45 pm, a healthy 6 lb 7
oz, and 19.5 inches tall. Congratulations!

                                                        Congratulations to Christine Bradish for
                                                        receiving top honors in the poster contest at the
                                                        2011 Berry Health Symposium, held at the Four
                                                        Seasons Resort in Westlake Village, California,
                                                        June 27 - June 29, 2011. This conference is a
                                                        first tier level, where emerging research on
                                                        berries in human health is discussed by leading
Recipients:                                             scientists in this field. Christine’s poster about
Bernadette Clark, Research Specialist, Raleigh          her Master's degree work on changes in
Nathan Lynch, Agricultural Research                     raspberry pigments and phenolics was well
Specialist, Mills River                                 presented. The 2011 Berry Health Benefits
Joel Mowrey, Agricultural Research Specialist,          Symposium is the only event solely dedicated to
Mills River                                             bringing together worldwide researchers in the
Congratulations!                                        field of berries and human health. Over twenty
                                                        scientists discussed their most recent work,
                                                        revealing how berries can have a profound
                                                        impact on many of the important diseases of
            GRADUATE PROGRAM                            aging. The symposium is presented by the
    Julia Kornegay and Rachel McLaughlin                National Berry Crops Initiative, a nationwide
                                                        organization whose mission is to develop a
Please welcome our newest graduate students             strategic plan for the continued growth and
for Fall semester, 2011:                                sustainability of berry crop production in the
                                                        United States.
Sushila Chaudhari, PhD, David Monks and
Katie Jennings
Lauren Coleman, MS, Katie Jennings and
David Monks
Daniel Dayton, MS, Katie Jennings and David
Jeb Fields, MS, Brian Jackson and Bill Fonteno
Xiaolin Huang, MHS, Julie Sherk
The first-ever Weed Olympics Competition, a
collegiate contest on a national scale, brought
teams from across the country to Knoxville,                    UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAM
Tennessee. The event was held on the week of                   Bryce Lane and Betty Coleman
July 24, 2011, and was a great success. Wesley
Everman, Assistant Professor and Extension
Weed Specialist, reports that The University of
Tennessee provided a great venue, and did an
excellent job of hosting the contest. 150
students from across the country competed. NC
State’s teams, made up of students from Crop
Science and Horticultural Science, had 10             The fall semester is off to a great start! Classes
students compete on three teams. We also              are chock full of students. Although
placed in the Northeast Weed Science Society          horticulture student enrollment is down a bit
sub-contest. We placed 1st and 2nd in the team        (total # of Horticultural Science students: 140)
competition, with Dustin Lewis placing 1st and        we have a great new group of transfer and
Stephen Myers placing 3rd as individuals. It          freshmen students. Our student Horticulture
was a good trip for the team, and a great             Club has over 50 attendees and looks to have a
experience.                                           very active fall semester. There are some great
                                                      speakers visiting the club during their Monday
                                                      night meetings, and a meal is always served.
                                                      The Fall Field Trip is scheduled for Sept. 29 -
                                                      Oct. 2, 2011. There are over 40 students going
                                                      to the Delaware Valley area to visit Northcreek
                                                      Nursery, Longwood Gardens, Morris
             PI ALPHA XI UPDATE                       Arboretum, Chanticleer Foundation, Marlboro
                                                      Mushrooms and the National Arboretum! It
Rebecca Pledger, President of Phi Alpha Xi            looks to be a fantastic experience.
reminds us that the Pi Alpha Xi Fall 2011 Plant
Sale is ONE DAY ONLY this year! It will be
held on Saturday, September 24, 2011 from
8:00am-6:00pm at the JC Raulston Arboretum.              NEWS FROM AROUND NORTH CAROLINA
We will be having a wonderful and diverse
selection of woody and herbaceous plants as           Center for Environmental Farming Systems
well as some awesome raffles. We hope to see                         (Goldsboro)
everyone there and thank you for the support!              Nancy Creamer and Lisa Forehand

                                                      With our ongoing Seasons of Sustainable
                                                      Agriculture event series, the success of the 10%
                                                      Campaign, our new incubator farm project, and
                                                      arrival of the FoodCorps participants, it looks to
                                                      be a busy fall for CEFS.

     Seasons of Sustainable Agriculture                       Bringing New Farmers to the Table
               Lisa Forehand                                           Joanna Lelekacs

On September 12-18, 2011 CEFS hosted a                   As a component of the larger project, Bringing
“Week of Sustainable Agriculture”, featuring             New Farmers to the Table is supported by the
workshops, a screening of the film “Ingredients”         Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development
( and multiple            Program of the National Institute of Food and
outreach activities (including our participation         Agriculture, USDA. CEFS will facilitate the
in SPARKcon, the CALS Tailgate and the Yates             transition of vacant public lands as places to
Mill Harvest Festival). In October, CEFS will            incubate new farm enterprises through
host several workshops with topics ranging from          partnerships with a number of county
high tunnel tomato production and agroforestry,          governments or municipalities. In exchange for
to new/ beginning farmer trainings.                      the land, instead of paying “rent”, incubating
                                                         farms will donate a percentage of their
                                                         production to those in need in the community
                10% Campaign                             (via soup kitchens, food banks, school lunch
                Teisha Wymore                            programs, farmer food share programs, etc).

                                                                       FoodCorps in NC
                                                                   Tes Thraves & Liz Driscoll

Join the 10% Campaign today! We’re
challenging North Carolinians to spend 10
percent of your existing food dollars to support
North Carolina food producers, businesses and            Six FoodCorps members, hosted by 4-H and
communities. (So far we have racked $6.7                 CEFS in partnership, hit the ground in NC in
million in local foods in NC.) Why 10 Percent?           August, 2011 when Liz Driscoll and Tes
It is achievable for most, and meaningful for all:       Thraves took them on a Murphy to Manteo tour
     • We spend about $35 billion a year on              of NC's cultures, food system, and farm to
      food. If we spent 10 percent, $1.05 per day        school efforts, before they start work in their
      locally, approximately $3.5 billion would          various counties the following week!
      be available in the local economy.                 FoodCorps, a division of AmeriCorps, places
     • A vibrant local food economy will                 Service members, delivers hands-on nutrition
      support farms, food and manufacturing              education, builds and tends school gardens and
      businesses and create jobs.                        brings high-quality local food into public school
     • Infusing fresh and flavorful fruits and           cafeterias. More information at
      vegetables into diets can significantly  
      reduce diet-related diseases and long-term
      health care expenses for everyone.                 Please join CEFS listserv by emailing Lisa
                                                         Forehand ( or visit our

      JC Raulston Arboretum (Raleigh)
               Ted Bilderback                               NC Research Campus (Kannapolis)
                                                             Mary Ann Lila, Tara Vogelin and
                                                                  Penny Perkins-Veazie

The JCRA Fall Calendar is jammed with events:          The N.C. State University Plants for Human
The Friends of the Arboretum Lectures began            Health Institute at the N.C. Research Campus
again, starting with September 8, 2011.                hosted nearly 100 scientists from around the
Lectures are held two Thursday evenings each           globe for the 6th International Workshop on
month, (usually the 1st and 3rd Thursdays)             Anthocyanins, to be held September 11 – 14,
starting at 7:30 pm. JCRA Members and                  2011. Anthocyanins are bioactive compounds
students enjoy free admission.                         that are found in blue, red or purple fruits and
                                                       vegetables. Dr. Mary Ann Lila, Director of the
The Juried Print Competition, JCRA Co-
                                                       Institute, coordinated this year's proceedings.
Sponsored with the Triangle Carolinas Nature
                                                       Members of her lab were among the presenters.
Photography Association, is accepting entries.
Photographs are displayed from August 29 –
September 30, 2011. All photographs were
made at the JCRA.                                             Centennial Campus (Raleigh)
                                                         Plant Transformation Laboratory (PTL)
Family Children’s Programs for Fall are set, and
                                                           George Allen and Sergei Krasnyanski
on-line registration has begun for the September
25 “From Tiny Seeds to Giant Trees” Program.
Home Schooler and Schools Out Teach
Workdays are also planned for Fall 2011.
“Horticultural Madness” is the JCRA’s bi-
annual symposium, September 23 and 24, 2011.
The speaker list is incredibly mad. This event
will feature great horticulture. Be sure to            George Allen participated in two workshops
register early.                                        (July 18-19 and 20-21, 2011) to train middle-
                                                       school teachers on how to use a teaching kit for
The 2nd Annual Green Industry Reunion will be          their classes (see picture). The kit, which is
held Friday, November 18, 2011. Students,              available through the NC Museum for Life &
Alumni , Green Industry Friends, or, if you have       Science, has been designed by two middle-
any connection at all to the JCRA, you are             school teachers and “field tested” with their
encouraged to attend. Registration begins at           students as part of our NSF outreach.
4:30 pm and is $35 per person ($25 for current
members) and includes a BBQ dinner and NC
State Ice Cream. We will have a special
dedication and ribbon cutting for the new JCRA
Lath house. Registration on line is available at

                                                                East Coast. The North Carolina trials are at the
                                                                Mountain Research Station in Waynesville.

                                                                                 Brocolli in Progress

                                                                On July 18, 2011, Jeanine held a tour at the
                                                                Mountain Horticultural Crops Research Station
  George Allen presenting an overview of our NSF project
    to one of the workshops for middle-school teachers.         to show off the new research hop yard.

The PTL hired Jerson Domingeuz to work with
Sergei Krasnyanski on a project funded by
Cotton, Incorporated. The project goals are to
develop both a publicly available cotton
transformation that can be used with a large
number of genotypes, and a non-GMO system                                  The Hop Yard Tour, July 18, 2011
to speed cotton flowering cycle. If successful,
the rapid flowering system can be used to                       About 70 people showed up on a cool, rainy
shorten the required time required for breeding.                Saturday morning to see ten varieties of hops
                                                                being evaluated for production, craft brew,
Shingo Nagaya joined our lab as a postdoctoral                  home brew, and for the medicinal herb industry
researcher, working on a project funded by                      in western North Carolina. This research hop
NSF. Nagaya will collaborate with Rosy Hatch                    yard compliments the one established last year
(PhD student) on a study to understand the                      at Method by Rob Austin and Scott King who
mechanism of how DNA elements called Matrix                     are collaborating with Jeanine on a statewide
Attachment Regions, impact gene expression.                     hop project funded by the Golden LEAF
                                                                Foundation, and a USDA Specialty Crops Block
                                                                Grant, administered through the NCDA&CS.
                                                                There are new commercial hop yards scattered
  Mountain Horticultural Crops Research                         throughout North Carolina.
   And Extension Center (Mills River)
              Tom Ranney

                                                                                  Harvesting Hops
                                                                On September 1 2011, Selvakumar Veluchamy
                                                                began working at the Mountain Horticultural
                                                                Crops Research and Extension Center
Jeanine Davis is a cooperator on the East Coast
                                                                (MHCREC), Mills River, NC with Dilip
Broccoli Project led by Cornell University, and
                                                                Panthee as Postdoctoral Research Associate.
funded by a $3.2 million grant from the USDA
                                                                Selva will be using molecular approaches for
under the Specialty Crops Research Initiative.
                                                                the identification of new source of resistance for
The team is evaluating 36 commercial varieties
                                                                bacterial speck and bacterial spot in tomato.
and breeding lines at five locations along the
                                                                The resistance genes will be introgressed into
NC-adapted breeding lines of tomato. Selva,              face, attendance was great. In late August,
originally from India, brings extensive                  Hurricane Irene blew through the eastern part of
experience in molecular biology from both                the state. At the Tidewater Research Station, we
Texas A&M University and from India.                     were fortunate to not have lost any structures,
                                                         and the debris to be cleaned up was primarily
                                                         tree limbs. In the James Center Building, tiles
                                                         fell from the ceiling when water pushed into the
                                                         top of the building. Power was out until late
                                                         Tuesday, and now restored, things are moving
                                                         ahead. We were all very fortunate in the storm
                                                         and feel blessed to have made out so well.

The Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and
Extension Center Co-ed softball team,
MHCREC Wolfpack, beat Biltmore Estate’s
team to win the 2nd Annual Asa Gray Green
Industry Challenge. Our team consisted of
ornamental breeders, tomato breeders,
entomologists, pathologists, graduate students,
soil scientists, cooperative extension agents,
organic research farm technicians, interns,                       HORTICULTURE FACILITIES
spouses, and a few former high school baseball                    John Dole and Wayne Buhler
players, employed here this summer.

   Vernon James Research and Extension
            Center (Plymouth)                                            Kilgore Hall, 2011
              Mark Clough
                                                         Thanks to everyone in the Department for their
                                                         patience during this time of renovation to
                                                         Kilgore Hall. Dolores Lawson has monitored
                                                         the ongoing progress of the renovation sites.
                                                         Many offices, labs, and work rooms have had
                                                         asbestos ceiling tiles removed and replaced by
                                                         new ceiling tiles and lights, and the rooms are
                                                         now brighter, safer, and a better work
Our Potato Breeding Program hosted the Potato
                                                         environment. Occupants of those offices, labs
Association of America meeting in Wilmington,
                                                         and work rooms had to relocate during the time
NC on August 14 - 18, 2011. We appreciated
                                                         their space was worked on. We still have a few
the help of all who assisted in putting it on. By
                                                         more rooms to renovate, but all should be
all accounts, it was a successful meeting, and
                                                         completed before the end of this quarter.
despite the difficult economic situations we all
                                                             Departmental Newsletter Committee
                                                         Editors: Elaine Levin, Wayne Buhler,
                                                                  Rachel McLaughlin
                                                        Send items for the newsletter to Wayne Buhler
         A Carol of Harvest, for 1867
             Leaves of Grass, 1900
                                                        ( or to Elaine Levin
                 Walt Whitman                           (
         (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892)

A song of the good green grass!
A song no more of the city streets;
A song of farms—a song of the soil of fields.
A song tasting of new wheat, and of fresh-
husk’d maize.

I see where America, Mother of All,
Well-pleased, with full-spanning eye, gazes
forth, dwells long,
And counts the varied gathering of the products.
Busy the far, the sunlit panorama;
Prairie, orchard, and yellow grain of the North,
Cotton and rice of the South, and Louisianian
Open, unseeded fallows, rich fields of clover
and timothy,
Kine and horses feeding, and droves of sheep
and swine,
And many a stately river flowing, and many a
jocund brook,
And healthy uplands with their herby-perfumed
And the good green grass—that delicate
miracle, the ever-recurring grass.


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