LEARNERS’ ATTITUDE AND ITS
IMPACT ON LANGUAGE
LEARNING The paper studies the attitude of
learners towards language learning
A Study of the Students Attitude in a second language learning
environment. The author has
towards English Language Pursuing
selected the group of students
Professional Courses in India pursuing different under graduate
By : Meenakshi H. Verma
courses after secondary
Lecturer, Professional Communication examination in Uttar Pradesh ( a
Invertis institute of Engineering & Technology
Bareilly 243 001 (Uttar Pradesh)
state in India).
While the paper discusses learners’ Pursuing a pre-designed syllabus
attitude it also highlights the teacher’s does not always satisfy their needs.
approach and methodology to teach the
The paper studies the curriculum
pre-designed curriculum. Proficiency in
English can only make you successful – followed by different universities in
this is the belief spreading all over giving the state in relation to the attitude
rise to the study of learners’ needs from of the learners learning English
the grass root level. Today learners want Language, who feel that learning
English Language Teaching to be English Language for their use and
customized according to their needs. pursuing a syllabus to pass an
are two different situations and it Students have a favourable attitude
towards learning English Language
effect their attitude towards
They are ‘instrumentally motivated’
learning English. The paper also towards learning English.
studies the sociolinguistic factors They know that English as a link language
responsible for their attitude will help them more than their mother
towards language learning. tongue or the national language Hindi
They recognize its utilitarian value i.e. the
RELEVANCE OF ENGLISH
Students pursuing professional They need to write their
courses know that – examinations in English.
They are required to cover their They prepare for job interviews in
curriculum in English. English.
All prescribed books are in English.
They stress on Spoken English and
Lectures delivered are in English communication skills as essentials
and in rare cases help of the mother
tongue is sought in some distant of Personality Development.
LANGUAGE LEARNING SITUATION
Students study English as a second or third language Because a major number of students in
because the state follows the Three Language Formula professional courses are coming from state board
according to the constitution of India.
It is a Hindi (mother tongue/ national language)
schools, rural back ground or so called English
dominated state. medium schools, they do not have good
State Board schools teach English from class VI knowledge of basic language skills.
onwards. Now it is being started from class III onwards They face problem in class when they study
since 2007. Business Communication/ Professional
CBSE and ICSE Boards teach English from Class I Communication/Technical Communication.
onwards. Missionary convents and reputed public
schools treat English as First Language, while schools They have been in an environment of memorizing
in rural surroundings or teaching economically weaker items without understanding at their school level
section face problem in recruiting teachers good at and are less exposed to English in comparison to
English due to monetary reasons. They follow the same
books in English but take the help of Hindi to explain. their counterparts from convents and reputed
English medium schools.
Teachers are bound to complete university In B.Tech Professional Communication, in
MBA & BBA Business Communication and
Students pursue this syllabus with an intention
that they have to pass their examination. Their in BCA Technical communication is
intention is not to upgrade their knowledge of taught.
English at that level. Therefore, they do not
concentrate on language skills in the class. Communicational skills as well as
In comparison to BBA and BCA students, MBA and accuracy and proficiency in writing
B. Tech students are conscious of their knowledge business correspondence, scientific article
of English and work hard to upgrade it as they are writing, abstract writing and report
preparing directly for jobs and have to face group
discussions and interviews in English. writing, thesis writing etc.
ATTITUDE VS BEHAVIOUR TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE
Attitude necessarily do not Teachers’ attitude plays an important role
in the present context.
In the professional courses, the teachers’
Positive attitude facilitates the have changed their role from being the
learning controller of the class to the facilitator.
Attitude is only one variable. They accept students mistakes in the
language use as a necessary part of the
Learners’ Attitude is important to be language learning.
studied. They help and motivate students use
more and more language in their daily
STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS
TEACHERS ROLE OF TEACHERS
They want a teacher who can motivate Learners learning outcomes are influenced by the
them to speak more and more in the interpretation of teachers’ interpersonal
classroom and teach them how to use behaviour. If they beliee that the teacher is
language outside the classroom. associated with them and their learning outcome,
the teacher emphathize with them, understands
The teachers’ English should be good. A their problems, they react positively and this
teacher should be capable of correcting factor only contributes to their motivation level in
their mistakes. the classroom.
A teacher should be able to communicate The teacher needs to make them realize that I am
and involve with the students. the one like you who also commits mistakes in
A teacher should be capable of creating the use of English and mistakes are a natural part
an informal environment in the class of learning a language.
where they can learn with fun.
A teacher need to remember that a demotivated The social scenerio in Uttar Pradesh has changed
student cannot learn. from ‘Banish English’ to ‘Welcome English’.
In our classes, we need to keep an eye on A few years back the state government was
i) What are my learners’ problem in trying to implement only Hindi in all offices and
learning English? public places in place of English. It does not
ii) How these can be removed?
Now with the invent of multinational companies
iii) Are they related to the grammar or to and the young professional getting a number of
the student’s perception about learning jobs with them need to know not only workable
a language? English but good presentational skills too.
iv) What does my learner want? Therefore, English has become a ‘welcome’
v) Why he/she is learning English? phenomenon all around.
Students are selected for jobs on the basis of Students prefer to join these institutions as they
their knowledge of English language as well as focus only on the learning outcome of the
good presentational skills, communication skills students.
and confidence level.
Students are not required to write a university
Although universities have integrated all these
skills alongwith the Business English syllabus in examination, so they feel relaxed and find it
their professional course, a number of private flexible to attend on their convenience.
institutions are mushrooming up in the state on They believe because these private institutions
small scale and large scale as well. are charging a handsome amount to teach them
They offer to make students proficient in Spoken English they are more accountable, whereas in
English 90 hrs. Some good institutions are the university system either the college or the
following task based language teaching following teacher cannot be questioned.
the communicative approach. They are more
successful with the students who are self
The universities are following the syllabus Students are ‘intrumentally motivated’ as
of English with a mix of Business English, they are learning English for utilitarian
Communication Skills and Presentation
‘Integrative motivation’ also plays an
Skills. important role as India is a multilingual
Students normally prefer the Report country where English is being used to
Writing, Presentation, Mock Interviews communicate with other people of
cultures across 28 states.
and seminar part of the syllabus.
Blooming tourism, missionaries, NGOs,
Literature and grammar is not their BPOs and many spiritual speakers are
interest. some of the factors demanding
communication in English.
‘Parental encouragement’ and ‘communication
with teachers’ in schools which provide English
speaking environment are also among important
factors to motivate students to learn English.
Future of English in India is bright as we have got
students who re aware of the usefulness of the
State board schools require a reorientation of its
curriculum to make it practically useful for
students and provide a strong base in English
Language proficiency by the time they join any