open your heart
The pat h of a b lood donor
ta b l e o f c o n t e n t s
step 1 are you an eligible donor? 1
step 2 make an a p p o intment 3
step 3 t e s t yo ur hemo g l o b in (ir on) 7
step 4 the r e c o r d o f d onat i on 9
step 5 me e t w i th the nur s e 13
step 6 yo ur b l o o d i s taken 15
step 7 r e c ov e ry p e r i o d (d one !) 19
flip b o o k 25
are you an eligible donor?
I d e n t i f i c at i o n H e a lt h
Identification with full name and signature, In general good health and feeling well.
or full name and photograph required. You should have had something to eat Between the
ages of 17-61
and adequate sleep. You must also meet
Age hemoglobin (iron) requirements (test done
To donate, you must be at least 17 years of
age, in general good health, and feeling well
on the day of your donation. If you have
never donated before and have had your 61st At the time of donation, you will be asked
birthday, or if you are between the ages of 67 a number of questions to determine your
and 71, and have not donated within the last eligibility. For example:
two years, you must be assessed by a physi-
I f Y o u H av e : Y o u M u s t Wa i t
cian who must fill out and sign the following
B e f o r e D o n at i n g :
letter. You must also meet the other standard
requirements for donation. To find out more, Had dental treatment (extractions,
please call us at 1 888 2 donate. Letter to fillings, cleaning, restoration)
the Attending Physician (Please bring the • For cleaning or filling: until the day
completed letter with you to the clinic when after treatment.
you next come in to donate)
• For extraction, root canal or dental
Weigh at least 50kg
surgery: 72 hours provided there is
At least 50 kg (110 lb).
A cold, flu or sore throat
F r e q u e n c y o f D o n at i o n • Full recovery.
Minimum interval between blood donations Had ear or body piercing or tattooing
is 56 days. • 6 months
path of a blood donor 1 step
make an appointment
How to Book an appointment mobile clinic
To book an appointment to donate call: Mobile Clinics are temporary clinics that are
wEst north VanCouVEr
VanCouVEr 1 888 2 donate (1 888 236-6283) set up twice a month at a set location. Here
f M are just some of the mobile clinics in the
A Canadian Blood Service Blood employee
port Lower Mainland:
Moody will help in booking you a time and clinic for
b G J your blood donation appointment. d nikke i he r i tag e c ent r e
6688 Southoaks Crescent, burnaby
Or you can go to:
h port E c l ov e r da l e c at h o l i c pa r i s h
VanCouVEr CoquItlaM CoquItlaM 17475 - 59th ave, surrey
f no r t h l ons da l e c hu r c h
Permanent Clinic 3380 Lonsdale Avenue, north vancouver
a centre site G burnaby north secondary
4750 Oak Street, vancouver 751 Hammarskjold, burnaby
l surrEy b standard life h bill copeland sports centre
888 Dunsmuir Street, vancouver 3676 Kensington Avenue, burnaby
E C surrey site I st alban's anglican church
10-6830 King George Boulevard, surrey 7260 St. Alban's Road, richmond
J coquitlam christian centre
Blood mobile clinic 2665 Runnel Drive, coquitl am
K glenbrook park centre
It is a self-contained mobile donor clinic on
76 Jamieson Court, new westminster
wheels that is equipped with four collec-
l richardson elementary
tion stations where you can give blood in a 11339 - 83 Avenue, delta
relaxed setting. Blood mobile clinics go to
M cornerstone sda communit y
events and businesses.
1415 Noons Creek Drive, port moody
step path of a blood donor 4
in their lifetime.
tes t your hemoglobin (iron)
w h at i s h e m o g l o b i n ? why do we measure
h e m o g l o b i n l e v e l?
Hemoglobin is the pigment that makes
blood red. It is essential to transport oxygen Hemoglobin is measured mainly to
If your drop of from our lungs to the cells in our body. The protect blood donors. Hemoglobin level
blood sinks then
your iron levels hemoglobin molecule contains iron, an will temporarily drop after blood donation.
essential mineral found in our diet. If a donor has normal iron reserves and
adequate iron in their diet, then new red
w h at a r e n o r m a l blood cells will be made and hemoglobin
hemoglobin levels? levels will return to normal in less than 56
Normal hemoglobin levels are different days. It is important not to donate blood if the
in women and in men. In women, normal hemoglobin level is already low. In addition,
hemoglobin ranges from 120 g/L to 160 g/L a check of donor hemoglobin is important to
(12.0 g/dL to 16.0 g/dL). In men, normal ensure the quality of the red blood cells
hemoglobin levels range from 140 g/L to 180 that will be transfused.
g/L (14.0 g/dL to 18.0 g/dL).
C a n b l o o d d o n at i o n c au s e
a n e m i a?
h o w i s h e m o g l o b i n m e a s u r e d?
Blood donation results in a drop in
A nurse will prick At a blood donor clinic, hemoglobin is
your finger to test hemoglobin of approximately 10 g/L,
checked before every donation. A sterile,
your iron levels. depending on the size of the donor. Normal,
single use lancet is used to obtain a drop of
healthy donors produce new red blood cells
blood from your finger. The blood sample is
to replace those that were donated. However,
tested on a machine that determines the
iron is an essential mineral necessary to
hemoglobin level. The screening method
produce new red blood cells. It is therefore
used in the blood donation setting is not
very important for blood donors to have an
as precise as testing preformed on a blood
adequate amount of iron in their diet. This is
sample obtained in a doctor’s office and
especially important for female donors, who
analyzed in a laboratory.
have lower iron reserves due to loss of iron
in menstrual periods and reduced iron
step path of a blood donor 8
the record of donation W h at i s t h e R e c o r d o f D o n at i o n ? I n f o r m at i o n R e c o r d e d o n t h e
R e c o r d o f D o n at i o n
The Record of Donation is a form that
captures all relevant information about you • Your donor identification and address.
and your donation, and follows you from the • Your blood type, preferred language, and
registration process, through screening number of previous donations.
Fill the first to giving blood. It includes a confidential
part of the blood • Results of physical tests including
questionnaire. questionnaire that helps determine if you
hemoglobin, blood pressure, and
are eligible to give blood.
The donor is required to review
blood d onating
general information on high-risk activities, • Indication of how the unit will be
y n the donation process and post-donation infor- processed.
mation and to make a decision whether it is • Indications of which employees
appropriate to donate or not. served you.
• Your answers to questions on health and
W h at Y o u M u s t K n o w
certain high-risk activities.
Before filling out the donor questionnaire
• Comments by screening employee.
s top here we ask you to read the What You Must Know
to Give Blood, or the What You Must Know • Confidential Unit Exclusion (cue) label.
to Give Plasma or Platelets brochure. The bro- • Deferral codes, if applicable.
chure information will help you understand
• Relevant details of the venipuncture and
what to expect during your donation and
includes some details on post-donation care.
• Unit labelling information.
You will answer
the 2nd part of
I m pa c t o n Y o u r E l i g i b i l i t y • Your signature, confirming your
the questionnaire. informed consent to use the blood
with the nurse. An affirmative response to any of the Record
collected and that you have answered
of Donation questions does not necessarily
all questions truthfully.
mean that you are ineligible to donate. Once
you have responded in writing to questions
one through 13, a trained health professional
will determine your eligibility during a confi-
dential one-on-one interview with you at the
blood donor clinic.
step path of a blood donor 10
o f c ana d i ans a r e
o f c ana d i ans a r e
o f c ana d i ans a r e
o f c ana d i ans a r e
(15 minute s)
meet with the nurse
YOur meeting with the nurse
Blood pressure w ill incluce:
80 dia is taken to ensure
70 pulse your are at the
appropriate levels. • A qualified Canadian Blood Services • The donor signs and dates an informed
employee measures the donor’s blood consent form on the Record of Donation,
pressure and temperature. The employee saying that they have answered all ques-
also checks the donor’s arms for signs of tions truthfully.
intravenous drug use. • The donor is provided with two bar
• In a private screening booth, the codes that constitute the Confidential
Canadian Blood Services screening Unit Exclusion Label. This procedure
employee reviews questions 1 to 13 and allows the donor one last chance, with
asks questions 14 to 29 aloud, recording complete confidentiality, to say that his/
the donor’s answers on the Record of her blood should not be used.
• If the test results or interview answers
indicate a deferral is necessary, the
A nurse will take employee explains this and the process
step path of a blood donor 14
(15 minute s)
your blood is taken
Donating blood is
completely safe. All H o w i s b l o o d ta k e n ?
equipment used is
sterile. Needles are
The blood donation is always made under sterile conditions
created by the use of a disinfecting agent to cleanse the donor's
arm and a sterile, single use needle to withdraw the blood.
The needle is inserted into a vein and the blood flows through
plastic tubing to a sterile blood bag. When the donation is
complete, several blood samples are taken for the purposes
of testing. The units and samples are sent to Canadian Blood
Services laboratories for processing.
A f t e r b l o o d i s ta k e n ?
After the donation is complete, a nurse asks if the donor is
feeling all right. An attendant then leads the donor to a com-
fortable chair for recovery where the donor is monitored for
One unit five minutes. The needle site is covered with a bandage and the
or 450 ml
are collected. donor is directed to keep the bandage on for several hours.
step path of a blood donor 16
C a n C E r t r E atME n t
(Up to 8 units a week)
hEart bypass surGEry
(1 to 6 units)
(Up to 50 units)
abdoMInal surGEry h ow M u C h b l o o d d o E s I t ta K E ?
(2 to 4 units)
Different medical procedures require varying
amounts of blood. Although actual amounts differ
depending on individual patients, here are some
(15 minute s)
recovery period (done!)
A choice of
a refreshing recovery period
Donors are usually kept at the donation site for 10 –15 minutes
after donating since most adverse reactions take place during
+ or immediately after the donation You are taken to a refresh-
ment area and are provided with food and beverages to boost
Variety your blood sugar level. You are given a sticker saying that you
snacks. just donated blood and people should be nice to you.
Avoid strenuous physical activity for about six to eight
hours after you give. Donated plasma is replaced after 2–3
+ days. Red blood cells are replaced by bone marrow into the cir-
culatory system at a slower rate, on average 36 days in healthy
adult males. These replacement rates are the basis of how
frequently a donor can give blood.
to me... A sticker
I gave saying
blood today that you
step path of a blood donor 20
(5 minute s) (5 minute s)
who le b lo o d b l o o d comp onent s
broken into components blood travels across canada
The manufacturing process p l a s ma
takes every blood donation
you make, and separates
it into different parts that
can help improve or even p l at e l e t s
save the lives of up to three
people. red blood cells
p l at e l e t s p l a s ma red blood cells
Canadian Blood Services rigorous screening and testing
1. To stop bleeding. 1. To treat bleeding in persons 1. To increase red cell mass ensures that donating and receiving blood is as safe as can
who have large amounts of after trauma or surgery. be. Their distribution ensures that they deliver the right product,
2. To platelet function
blood, for example following 2. To treat anemia.
abnormalities. to the right place at the right time, so that they continue to
massive bleeding due to
trauma or complicated meet the need of Canadian hospitals and patients. Their staff
surgical procedures. and volunteers make the most of the gift of 850,000 units
2. Exchange transfusion for of blood that Canadians donated last year.
3. To reverse the effect of
Coumadin (an anticoagulant
of “blood thinner").
4. To treat some rare bleeding
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YO U c A N D O N AT e e V erY 56 DAYs
ath of a Blood
h of a B
lip : T
path of a blood donor 26
Rotate Book 1 9
ath of a Blood
h of a B
lip : T
Life after the Blood Transfusions 1 7
Help save 3 lives
to donate call:
1 888 2 donate (1 888 236- 6283)
Or go to:
1 6 t h e pa t h o f a r e c i p i e n t
Life after the Blood Transfusions 1 5
George was able to beat his kidney
cancer and is once again able to play with
his children. And thanks to the blood platelet
transfusion he has the opportunity to see
his children grow up.
car After his stay in the hospital and intensive
physiotherapy, Blake was able to make a full
recovery from his injuries. And thanks to his red
cell and plasma transfusions his parents were able
Surviving to see Blake graduate from sfu with a degree in
Their new baby girl was able to recover
from her bought of Anemia thanks to her
red cell blood transfusion. And after a stay
in the hospitals nicu unit, their baby girl
is able to be with Linda and her father
1 4 t h e pa t h o f a r e c i p i e n t
1 0 t h e pa t h o f a r e c i p i e n t
e te s i o at
t e l a n s f rapy drugsotmmonly leacdan
t r king chemmthrerow. Thpilsatcelets,ewnhinicghinfec-
ta e d t t
te d bon cells an e-t hrea platele
st a r s in f
rg e s hi e blood sk for li hrough ve l
Geo t he cell whit t ri go t ain
ct of on a e must cer t
affe ve l s t a p e r s ow a
w le eorg bel
to lo imes pu g. So G t drops
som r blee d in tele
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so if hi 3 ) .
t ion usions
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t r ant of bloodomplica- a
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mas njur ies y, Blake cells
t he i
e to h is rger and red
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as a th of
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e t s)
larg 5o unit
( up t
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t ture infantsblood cellsto
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L ik e m lacks t h o car r y in da's s.
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Blood to the Rescue 1 1
Life takes an Unexpected turn 7
k idn e y
George is told that he has kidney
cancer and will need treatment as
soon as possible.
ca r crash
Blake was driving home after a late
night studying at sfu, the car slipped on
some black ice and crashed into a tree,
causing internal bleeding and a rush to
pr em at u r e
Linda was rushed to hospital after
having contractions. She is only 34
weeks into her pregnancy and is about
to give birth to a premature baby.
6 t h e pa t h o f a r e c i p i e n t
2 t h e pa t h o f a r e c i p i e n t
palmer George is a 45 year old single parent. He
has two children; Sam 8 and Sarah 5.
Blake is second fourth year student at
Simon Fraser University. He has a full
paid soccer scholarship and is major-
ing in Kinesiology.
kavinsky Linda is 38 years old and she is 34
weeks pregnant with her first child.
Linda has been happily married with
her husband Paul for two years.
Meet the future Recipients 3
ta b l e o f c o n t e n t s
Meet the future Recipients 2
Life takes an Unexpected turn 6
Blood to the Rescue 10
life after the Blood Transfusions 14
Flip book ( path of a donor) 18
the Pat h
R eciPie n t
fill your heart