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GCC_Briefing

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									                International Helicopter Safety Team
                               Overview Briefing




                                                   Mark Liptak
                                                   FAA ASA-100
                                                   IHST Program Director



GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                                           1
                                      Worldwide Helicopter Accidents per Year
                                                                1991 to 2005




                           700

                           600
          Accident Count



                           500

                           400

                           300

                           200

                           100

                            0
                                 91

                                       92

                                            93

                                                 94

                                                      95

                                                           96

                                                                  97

                                                                        98

                                                                               99

                                                                                    00

                                                                                         01

                                                                                              02

                                                                                                    03

                                                                                                         04

                                                                                                              05
                                                                       Year
                                       US Military     US Civil         Non US Civil and Military



                                      We have a worldwide problem!

GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                                                                                   2
September 2005 – Montreal

International Helicopter Safety Symposium (IHSS)

          300 attendees from the worldwide helicopter
          community

          Unanimous position reached – unacceptable
          trends

          International Helicopter Safety Team (IHST)
          formed



GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                        3
                          Worldwide Civil Helicopter Fleet Distribution
                                                    34722 aircraft


      IHST Partner                                                     Brazil 1145 3%
                                         Australia 1957 6%
      Kick-off cpt
                                                                                Canada 1887 5%

                         United States
                             14269                                               CIS 3000 9%
                              42%




                                                                                   Europe 6860 20%

                     South Africa 577 2%                                      GCC 250 1%

                     Others 2719 8%
                                                                                  India 150 0.4%
                             Mexico 343 1%
                                                                         Japan 815 2%
                                                  New Zealand 750 2%

                                                                                               updated May ‘09


                          Worldwide participation is key to success


GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                                                                                 4
                                                         Factors That Led To Breakthroughs in
                                                         Major Fatal Accident Rates Since 1946
                                               9
Major Fatal Accidents Per Million Departures

                                                              Pressurized Aircraft into fleet
                                                              Earliest ILS
                                               8
                                                                  Broad implementation of VOR and DME
                                               7                  Radar introduced at selected towers
                                                                  Improved Technology – Vickers Turboprop, DC-7, Lockheed Electra
                                                                  ATC centers - RADAR and radio contact with cruise aircraft
                                               6
                                                                                Long-Range radar centers
                                               5                                Jet Engine; 707 (1958) & DC-8
                                                                                VOR/DME integrated into autopilot
                                                                                precision approaches                  FMS
                                               4
                                                                                                                      CRM & 6-Axis Simulator & FDR
                                                                                    RNAV (processing VOR/DME &        Windshear
                                               3                                    basic Instruments)                Cabin Safety
                                                                                    GPWS, TCAS; Early automation
                                                                                                                                FOQA/ASAP & ATC Data
                                               2                                                                                RJ Revolution
                                                                                                                                New Large Jets
                                                                                                                                Cooperative safety
                                               1                                                                                agenda


                                               0
                                                   46


                                                        50


                                                             54


                                                                    58


                                                                           62


                                                                                    66


                                                                                           70


                                                                                                  74


                                                                                                         78


                                                                                                                82


                                                                                                                     86


                                                                                                                           90


                                                                                                                                    94


                                                                                                                                         98


                                                                                                                                               '02
                 GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                                                                                                                     5
                                                Factors That Will Lead To Breakthroughs in
                                                        Helicopter Accident Rates
                                               IHST Formed
Helicopter Accidents per Exposure



                                                    Introduction of a
                                                   scalable SMS tool ?

                                                          Cooperative partnerships with insurers

                                                                         Widespread use of safety
                                                                         accreditation programs ?


                                                                           Cockpit imaging
                                                                             systems ?
                                                                                                           ?




                                                                                                           '
                                    2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010        2011 2012 2013 2014        2015 2016
                                                       How will we fill in the boxes?

            GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                                                                                6
IHST is a volunteer effort

Analysis and implementation processes developed
by the IHST, used by international participants

Data sets (accident reports), analysts from industry
and government formed and sustained locally

IHST assists with process training and
standardization, international coordination

IHST coordinates performance metrics
     ongoing data mining efforts
     seeking regional data sources (flight hours)


GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                       7
                            IHST is following a proven model
 IHST (CAST)
                                   CAST=Commercial Aviation Safety Team
Charters Activity                  JHSAT=Joint Helicopter Safety Analysis Team
                                   JHSIT=Joint Helicopter Safety Implementation Team

                       JHSAT (JSAT)
                        Analyzes Data
                       Proposes most
                   effective interventions

                                            JHSIT (JSIT)
                                        Assesses feasibility of
                                            interventions
                                        works implementation

                                                             Continued data analysis,
                                                              measure intervention
                                                                  effectiveness

 GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                                                   8
                                                                               Progressing Toward the 80% Goal

                                                                                       Worldwide Fleet Data
                                                       10
 Start – 9.5                                                                                                                         Trend projection if no action taken
 Per 100K hours

                                                       9
                                                                                                                                       ~1694
    Worldwide Accident Rate per 100,000 flight hours




                                                       8                                                                         Accidents Avoided
                                                                                                                                      ~1132
                                                       7
                                                                                                                                 Fatalities/Serious
                                                       6
                                                                                                                                 Injuries Avoided
                                                                                                                                 source: Bell Worldwide Database

                                                       5


                                                       4


                                                       3


                                                       2
                                                                                                                                                       Goal – 1.9
                                                                                                                                                       Per 100K hours
                                                       1


                                                       0
                                                                        2006




                                                                                2007




                                                                                       2008




                                                                                              2009




                                                                                                     2010




                                                                                                                   2011




                                                                                                                          2012




                                                                                                                                    2013




                                                                                                                                                2014




                                                                                                                                                             2015




                                                                                                                                                                           2016
                                                            2001-2005
                                                               avg




                                                                                                            Year




GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                  9
This is a worldwide effort

All IHST participants using a process adapted from CAST.

Key attributes:

All recommendations directly rooted in accident data.

Regional ownership –
    - Data is owned and analyzed by those most familiar with
      it.
    - Safety recommendations are implemented by teams
      most familiar with local needs and challenges.

JHSAT and JHSIT lead teams responsible for training/coaching
regional teams, measuring the results of the safety
recommendations and implementation effectiveness.

GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                               10
                                IHST Program - Regional Process Tracking




                                                                                             Today
              2006             2007                               2008            2009                           2010                           TBD
     IHSS   Excom
                           Program staffing, sales, marketing, management, communications, international outreach
     Formed Formed


     US          1 2   3         5                6       4                                          7       8                   Metrics



     Europe       1        2     3                                            4          5           6                   7        8        Metrics


     Canada                           1                   2 3                      4         5                                                  6 7 8


      Brazil                                  1       2       3                        4             5           6   7       8        Metrics

      India                    1          2                   3                                          4                                      5 6 7 8

                                                                                                                                              2 3
     Australia                       1                                                                                                     4 5 6 7 8
                                                                                                                                              2 3
     Mid East                                                                 E                      1                                     4 5 6 7 8
     Japan                                                                                   1                    2 3
                                                                                                                                           4 5 6 7 8
     CIS                                                                                                                                    1 2 3
                                                                                                 E
                                                                                                                                           4 5 6 7 8
   Key: 1 Regional Kickoff Meeting   4 JHSAT Report Complete 7 JHSIT SEs complete
        2 JHSAT Team Formed           5 JHSIT Formed         8 JHSIT DIPs complete
        3 Accident Dataset Established JHSIT Process Refined
                                      6                      E Regional “exploratory” mtg


GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                                                                                                                          11
            Prioritized US Fleet-wide Recommendations

                      1. Safety Management

                      2. Training

                      3. Systems and Equipment

                      4. Information

                      5. Maintenance

                      6. Regulatory Recommendations

                      7. Infrastructure

      Detailed problem/solution info for 15 missions also developed


GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009        visit ihst.org to view the full US report
                                                                                12
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 GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
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 visit ihst.org to view the full US report

                                                                 nC
                                                                                                                                      Accidents in which Problem Category was




                                                                      re
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13
Conclusions:

We have a problem – Unanimity in the worldwide helicopter
community; long term accident trends are unacceptable.

We know how to fix it – Using a data driven, stakeholder
consensus process we’ve identified the drivers behind
helicopter accidents. Implementation of SMS, training,
information and maintenance enhancements are the
top priority targets. Demonstrated benefits in OGP, EMS, ALEA
and other well funded and managed operations. Effectiveness
measures will be used.

We can’t do it alone – Any entity with accident data willing to
use the IHST analysis and implementation process is a viable
candidate to join this worldwide initiative.


GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                                                                  14
Request:
IHST seeks to engage helicopter industry stakeholders in the GCC
       Operators
       Regulators
       Researchers

Next considerations:
       Identify responsible leaders
       Identify an accident dataset or use survey results
       Learn the IHST analysis process

Program resources, timing, implementation actions come under local
(GCC) ownership, day to day work not managed by IHST

However, the basic analysis and implementation process developed by
the IHST should be used to develop outputs compatible with the
overall IHST effort



GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
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GFSC briefing – June 3, 2009
                               16

								
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