What is is common to: George Washington, Robert E
 Lee, George Patton, Julius Caesar, Pericles and this
 Quiz ?

They are all General(s) !

IISc Quiz Club presents a General Quiz (on India and the
   world) on Sunday 4th Nov 2012 @ 10 am.

  Where: CSA Classroom (Ground Floor)

  Prizes for top three teams and Chocolates for the

  So bring your backpacks (plus thinking caps and pen &
  paper) to hitchhike across the globe for free !
 The IISc Quiz Club (IQC)

      General Quiz

  Sunday 4th Nov 2012
    QM: Sumeer

     For feedback :
   Cell: 9900 266 539
• A BIG thanks to BT !

• N

• Ruckus Tangdi time !!!
              About Clues
• Most questions carry some clue(s).

• Clue(s) will be provided only as long as no
  team has an objection .

• If any team does NOT want a clue they
  can use their veto power to say so, and no
  clue shall be provided to anyone.
•   Infinite Bounce

•   Each question carries 6 points.
•   Some questions have 2 parts and some are 3 parts.
•   For 2 part answers - each part carries 3 points
•   For 3 part answers - each part carries 2 points.

•   No negatives ! So feel free to Guess, Guess and Guess.

•   Only one answer per team per question.
    In case of multiple answers, ONLY the first answer will be accepted.
•   No pounces !

•   The Quiz Master's decision is FINAL !

Disclaimer :
Any resemblance to any persons living or dead is purely intentional.
•   TWO roads diverged in a yellow wood,
•   And sorry I could not travel both
•   And be one traveler, long I stood
•   And looked down one as far as I could
•   To where it bent in the undergrowth;
•   Then took the other, as just as fair,
•   And having perhaps the better claim,
•   Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
•   Though as for that the passing there
•   Had worn them really about the same,
•   And both that morning equally lay
•   In leaves no step had trodden black.
•   Oh, I kept the first for another day!
•   Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
•   I doubted if I should ever come back.
•   I shall be telling this with a sigh
•   Somewhere ages and ages hence:
•   Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—
•   I took the one less traveled by,
•   And that has made all the difference.
•   The Road Not Taken
•       Robert Frost (1874–1963).
• What is Greek for "city on the
  extremity" or "High City" ?
• Acropolis

• An acropolis is a settlement, especially a citadel,
  built upon an area of elevated ground—
  frequently a hill with precipitous sides, chosen
  for purposes of defense.

• In many parts of the world, acropoleis became
  the nuclei of large cities of classical antiquity,
  such as ancient Rome, which in more recent
  times grew up on the surrounding lower ground,
  such as modern Rome.
• He is known as one of the founding fathers
  of the internet for having developed the
  TCP/IP protocol.
• Founded MCI in the 1970s which in turn
  was responsible for the breaking up the
  monopoly of AT&T and creation of the
  Baby Bells(Regional Bells).
• Apparently,his surname was the basis for
  a common internet terminology.
Vinton Gray "Vint" Cerf

Incidentally, the term surfing as in
'surfing the net' is apparently a good
intentioned pun on his last name.
OK,lets go folks !
•   Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening

Whose woods these are I think I know.
His house is in the village, though;
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow.

My little horse must think it queer
To stop without a farmhouse near
Between the woods and frozen lake
The darkest evening of the year.

He gives his harness bells a shake
To ask if there is some mistake.
The only other sound's the sweep
Of easy wind and downy flake.

Complete the last 4 lines of this famous poem.
And who is the poet ?
•   The woods are lovely, dark, and deep,
•   But I have promises to keep,
•   And miles to go before I sleep,
•   And miles to go before I sleep.

• Robert Frost (1874–1963)
• Sumerian texts repeatedly refer to three important centers with
  which they traded:
• Magan, Dilmun, and X .

• Magan is usually identified with Oman.

• Dilmun was a trade distribution center for goods originating that
  might be in islands of Bahrain, Eastern Province (Saudi Arabia),
  Oman, or the Iranian coast in the Persian Gulf.

• The location of X however, is hotly debated.
• There are scholars today who confidently identify X with the Y on the
  basis of the extensive evidence of trading contacts between Sumer
  and this region.

• Sesame oil was probably imported from the valley in which Y is
  located into Sumer: the Sumerian word for this oil is illu.
• In Dravidian languages of South India el or ellu stands for sesame.

• Id X and Y.
• This is the first novel of the Shiva trilogy series by ____.

• The story is set in the land of X and begins with the arrival of the
  Tibetan tribal Shiva.

• The X believe that Shiva is their fabled saviour Neelkanth.This is
  confirmed when he consumes the Somras,which turns his
• throat blue.

• Shiva decides to help the X in their war against the Chandravanshis,
  who had joined forces with a cursed group called Nagas.

• However, in his journey and the resulting fight that ensues, Shiva
  learns how his choices actually reflected who he aspires to be and
  how it led to dire consequences.

• (see pic)
• X - Meluhha

• Y - Harappan Civilization in the Indus

• Book cover is that of "The Immortals of
  Meluha“ by Amish Tripathi.
• 4 slides of a ‘tourist location’ at the edge of
  the Sariska Tiger Reserve.

• Id the spot.
• What is its major claim to fame ?
Gopinath Temple
X Fort
• "Omnem dimittite spem, o vos intrantes".
  or :
  "Omnes relinquite spes, o vos intrantes".

• Translated means…
• "Abandon all hope, ye who enter here"
• Bhangarh

• Most haunted village in India (by most accounts)

• Entry to Bhangarh is legally prohibited between sunset and sunrise.
• A signboard posted by ASI (Archaeological Survey of India),
  specifies the instructions. While the board is written in Hindi, the
  instructions on it roughly translate into: "Entering the borders of
  Bhangarh before sunrise and after sunset is strictly prohibited. Legal
  action would be taken against anybody who does not follow these

• "Abandon all hope, ye who enter here"
• Quote is from Dante's Inferno - this passage is upon the gates of hell
• Bhangarh

• Most haunted village in India (by most accounts)

• Entry to Bhangarh is legally prohibited between sunset and sunrise.
• A signboard posted by ASI (Archaeological Survey of India),
  specifies the instructions. While the board is written in Hindi, the
  instructions on it roughly translate into: "Entering the borders of
  Bhangarh before sunrise and after sunset is strictly prohibited. Legal
  action would be taken against anybody who does not follow these

• "Abandon all hope, ye who enter here"
• Quote is from Dante's Inferno - this passage is upon the gates of hell
• Located on the outskirts of Ajmer, Rajasthan,this
  remarkable structure is an exquisite example of
  early Indo-Islamic architecture.

• The mosque is believed to have been built in a
  certain time period which is how it derives its

• According to another story the name is derived
  from a fair held here every year.

• Name ? (see 2 pics) clue ?
• In the 12th century this monument prior to being
  a mosque was a flourishing Sanskrit college.

• Legend has it that Mohammad Ghori, destroyed
  it to construct a mosque in its place. As it was a
  hurried construction, many remains of nearby
  temples were used for building the monument.

• It is said that at least 30 pillars must have been
  used from other temples to build the elegant
  piece of architecture.
• Adhai din ka jhopda

• It is named Adhai-din bcos it was
  supposedly built in two and a half days,

• The other version for the name comes
  from the fact that the fair here lasts for two
  and a half day.
• Connect all slides/pics.
•   First slide
•   Pics of Agrasen ki bowli,a stepped well just off of Connaught Place,New
•   Its a 14th Century marvel said to have been built during the Mahabharat
    era, this place used to serve as a destination for people to rest and
    rejuvenate during summer.
•   The baoli is flanked by chambers and passageways on both sides and once
    acted as a reservoir for water.

•   Second slide :
•   Pic is of Maharaja Agrasena who was a legendary Indian king of Agroha,a
    city of traders, from whom the Agrawal and Agrahari community claims
•   He is credited with the establishment of a kingdom of traders in North India,
    and is known for his compassion in refusing to slaughter animals in yajnas.

•   The surname Agrawal was derived by taking 'Agra' from Agrasena and 'wal'
    ('wal'originally 'bal'from Baalak meaning child). thus means "child of

•   Third slide :
•   Some famous Agarwals.
• More on the baoli:

• People used to come and swim too.
• They used to jump from the topmost floor straight into
  the heart of the baoli.
• The 103 steps at one time used to be submerged in
  water, which was a sight to behold. That was then. The
  water dried up some 15 to 20 years ago, and now people
  can walk down to the deepest point of the baoli. A
  popular belief sees people throwing in coins (silver and
  bronze), in the belief their wishes will be fulfilled, even
  today, says the caretaker. A 140-year-old neem tree
  which stands tall till date is one of the lesser known
  features of the place.

• http://www.thehindu.com/arts/history-and-
Rome was the first city in the world to have a
population of one million.

Which was the first city in Asia to have a
population of one million ?
(see pics on next slide)
•   Angkor Wat

•   Angkor Wat is the largest Hindu temple complex in the world.
•   The temple was built by King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in
    Yasodharapura the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual

•   It has become a symbol of Cambodia,appearing on its national flag, and it is the
    country's prime attraction for visitors.

•   Angkor Wat, means "Temple City" in Khmer; Wat is the Khmer word for "temple
    grounds", derived from the Pali word "vatta" Prior to this time the temple was known
    as Preah Pisnulok (Vara Vishnuloka in Sanskrit), after the posthumous title of its

•   It is designed to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindu mythology:
    within a moat and an outer wall 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) long are three rectangular
    galleries, each raised above the next.

•   Mount Meru also called Sumeru i.e. the "Excellent Meru" and Mahameru i.e. "Great
    Meru", is a sacred mountain in Hindu, Jain and Buddhist cosmology and is
    considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes.
•   It is also the abode of Lord Brahma and the Demi-Gods (Dev).
• In NE India,Neofelis nebulosa is called
  'Sebegyar' or "one who catches
• It preys on monkeys and snakes.

• It’s an endangered species found from the
  Himalayan foothills through mainland
  Southeast Asia into China.

• What is its common name ? (see pics)
• Neofelis = new cat
• nebuosa = cloud

• The clouded leopard

• So named due to the cloudy spots that
  cover its coat.

• When hunting they often spring to the
  ground from tree overhangs.
• What 'tourist attraction',designed by Michel
  Virlogeux and Norman Foster,can one find
  en route from Paris to Montpellier in
  France on the A75-A71 autoroute ?

• It opened in Dec 2004.
• The Millau Viaduct

• is a cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the
  river Tarn near Millau in southern France.

• It is the tallest bridge in the world with one mast's summit
  at 343.0 metres (1,125 ft) above the base of the
• It is the 12th highest bridge deck in the world, being 270
  metres (890 ft) between the road deck and the ground

• Problems with traffic on the route from Paris to Spain
  along the stretch passing through the valley near the
  town of Millau, especially during the summer when the
  roads became jammed with holiday traffic, necessitated
  the building of a bridge across the valley.
• X's name comes from the Guarani or Tupi words meaning "water",
  and "big".

• Legend has it that a god planned to marry a beautiful woman named
  Naipí, who fled with her mortal lover Tarobá in a canoe.
• In rage, the god sliced the river,creating the waterfalls and
  condemning the lovers to an eternal fall.

• The first European to find the falls was the Spanish conquistador
  Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1541.

• Upon seeing X,the United States' First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
  reportedly exclaimed "Poor Y !"
• (Y at 50 m or 165 feet, are a third shorter).

• X and Y ? (see pics)
• X = Iguazu Falls

• Y = Niagara Falls

• Iguazu Falls, Iguassu Falls or Iguaçu Falls are waterfalls
  of the Iguazu River on the border of Brazilian State
  Paraná and Argentine Province Misiones.

• The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu.
• The Iguazu River rises near the city of Curitiba.
• It flows through Brazil for most of its course.

• Below its confluence with the San Antonio River, the
  Iguazu River forms the boundary between Argentina and
• To the nearest Rupee,what is currently
  the price of a small size cup of Coca-
  cola (coke) at the Pizza Hut in the
  Forum Mall in Koramangla?
• None. (googly!)

• You can’t buy any Coca Cola products at a
  Pizza Hut outlet since Pizza Hut is a
  Pepsico company !
• It was spun off into an independent unit in
  1997 and also owns KFC and Taco Bell –
  all part of Pepsi Foods.

• Based on Interbrand's best global brand 2011,
  Coca-Cola was the world's most valuable brand.
• “The difference between God
  and Larry Ellison is that…”?
• “…God does not think he is Larry

• Wilson, Mike (2003). The Difference
  Between God and Larry Ellison: *God
  Doesn't Think He's Larry Ellison.
• This is the title of a book about Larry
  Ellison which alludes that the CEO of
  Oracle thinks he is God.
• News clip from November 5, 1997

• As the head of the Oracle Software Corporation, Ellison keeps his
  name firmly in the headlines: Recently he announced his desire to
  buy Apple Computer (only to change his mind just weeks later) and
  now he has a place on Apple's board, alongside his friend Steve

• Equally bold are his visionary ideas (the network computer, for
  example), his public determination to conquer Bill Gates, and his
  brash, yet immensely appealing personality, which has made him
  one of the most visible players in Silicon Valley.
• One of the ways he's done this is by making sure that Oracle
  software is everywhere you turn: If you withdraw cash from an ATM,
  that's Oracle at work.
• If you make an airline reservation, you're experiencing Ellison's
  impact on today's technology landscape.
• While Microsoft was busy putting a computer in every home, Ellison
  was fomenting a revolution at the office, creating faster and better
  databases for businesses and government agencies.
• Along the way, as this probing book shows, Ellison developed
  the skills of a ruthless businessman, who sometimes employed
  misdirection and half-truths to achieve the success he desired.
•   “Sleep with the fishes” ;
•   “hit the mattresses” ;
•   “make him an offer he can’t resist”
•   all often used phrases both in the
    movies and in the real world.

• Made famous by which movie?
• (clue ?)
• Also famously used by Tom Hanks in the
  movie “You’ve got mail” to explain human
  male psychology to Meg Ryan.
• The Godfather
• is a 1972 American crime film directed by
  Francis Ford Coppola from a screenplay by
  Mario Puzo and Coppola.

• Based on Puzo's 1969 novel of the same name,
  the film stars Marlon Brando and Al Pacino as
  the leaders of a powerful New York crime family.
  The story, spanning the years 1945 to 1955,
  centers on the ascension of Michael Corleone
  (Pacino) from reluctant family outsider to
  ruthless Mafia boss while also chronicling the
  Corleone family under the patriarch Vito
  Corleone (Brando).
• Crack this cryptic crossword clue:

• A dual-degree can be a poisonous
  combination (5)

• The African Black Mamba is one of the worlds most poisonous

• The species in the genus Dendroaspis (literally "tree snake") are
  collectively referred to as Mambas.

• They are a group of highly venomous, fast-moving land-dwelling
  snakes of Africa.

• They belong to the family of Elapidae which includes cobras, coral
  snakes, taipans, brown snakes, tiger snakes, death adders, kraits
  and, debatably, sea snakes (although sea snakes are now classed
  as Hydrophiidae).

• Mambas are feared throughout their ranges in Africa, especially the
  Black mamba. In Africa, there are many legends and stories
  describing these snakes.
• The opening page of this book X by Al Ries and
  Jack Trout (Trout and Rice ) goes :
• “Dedicated to one of the greatest marketing
  strategists the world has ever known – Y.”

• Y was a Prussian soldier and military theorist
  who stressed the psychological and political
  aspects of war.
• His most notable work, Vom Kriege (On War),
  was unfinished at his death. (see pic)

• X and Y ?
• X - Marketing Warfare

• Y - Karl Von Clausewitz

• Al Ries is a marketing professional and author and co-founder and
  chairman of the consulting firm Ries & Ries with his partner and
  daughter, Laura Ries.

• Along with Jack Trout, Ries coined the term "positioning", as related
  to the field of marketing, and authored Positioning:

• The Battle For Your Mind, an industry standard on the subject.

• Jack Trout is an owner of Trout & Partners, a consulting firm. He is
  one of the founders and pioneers of positioning theory, and also
  marketing warfare theory.
• Which fictional character takes his/her/its
  name from a generic terminology used
  while shooting a movie.

 The movie clap that is used while
• R2D2 from Reel 2 Dialog 2.

• when Lucas was making one of his earlier films,
  American Graffiti, sound editor Walter Murch
  asked for Reel 2, Dialog Track 2, in the
  abbreviated form "R-2-D-2".
• Lucas, who was in the room and had dozed off
  while working on the script for Star Wars,
  momentarily woke when he heard the request
  and, after asking for clarification, stated that it
  was a "great name" before falling immediately
  back to sleep.
• John Forbes Nash Jr., American math genius
  was the subject of the award winning movie “A
  Beautiful Mind” based on the book by Sylvia

• He was the co-recipient of the 1994 Nobel Prize
  in economics.
• What was the pioneering work for which he
  received this award ?

• Clue: It has its roots in the study of such well-
  known amusements as checkers, tick-tack-toe,
  and poker. (see pics)
• Game Theory.
• is a study of strategic decision making. More formally, it is "the study
  of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between
  intelligent rational decision-makers.

• Game theory is mainly used in economics, political science, and
  psychology, as well as logic and biology.
• The subject first addressed zero-sum games, such that one person's
  gains exactly equal net losses of the other participant(s).

• Today, however, game theory applies to a wide range of class
  relations, and has developed into an umbrella term for the logical
  side of science, to include both human and non-humans, like

• Classic uses include a sense of balance in numerous games, where
  each person has found or developed a tactic that cannot
  successfully better his results, given the other approach.
• Mexico City 1968 Summer Olympics:
• an athlete leapt 2.22 m (7 ft 3 1/4 in) over
  the bar in high jump.
• This action won him the gold medal and
  he set a new Olympic record.

• Who?

• Why is this event significant in the
  history of (and the furture of)
  athletics ?
• Dick Fosbury.
• The Fosbury flop.

• The technique involved flinging his body
  backward over the bar with his back
  arched, following with his legs and landing
  on his shoulders.

• This technique,which he pioneered,was
  later adopted by athletes the world over.
• He was a Turkish ruler and conqueror and one of the greatest
  military campaigners whose expeditions carried him from southern
  Russia to India,from Central Asia to Turkey.

• At Isfahan,Iran, which had rebelled after surrendering in 1387, he
  massacred 70,000 people and constructed towers of their skulls.

• In 1398 at Delhi,India, he had 100,000 inhabitants slaughtered and
  razed the city.

• He was born near the city of Samarqand, in what is now Uzbekistan.

• A physical deformity he suffered from was added to his name in

• Who?
• Timur Lang.
• Tamerlane
• Tamburlaine
• (1336-1405)
• Which is the only Southeast Asian country
  never to have been occupied by any
  European or other foreign power, except in
  war and whose official name means, in the
  local language,“Land of the Free”?
• Thailand or Siam.
• Prathet Thai.
• What 3 word phrase connects the following:

• a. Anthony Herman Gerard Fokker: aircraft
  designer and manufacturer, A pioneer in the
  construction of airplanes

• b. An opera by Richard Wagner

• c. The haunted figure of a nautical legend
  concerning a ghost ship.
The Flying Dutchman

Fokker’s autobiography is titled The
Flying Dutchman (1931).

Wagner’s opera is called Der
fliegende Holländer (The Flying
Dutchman, 1843).
• Jorn Utzon, Danish architect,is best
  known for designing this building
  which is often referred to as a peeled

• What building?
• Clue: Mission Impossible?
• The Sydney Opera House
• is a multi-venue performing arts centre in Sydney,

• It was conceived and largely built by Danish architect
  Jørn Utzon, opening in 1973 after a long gestation that
  had begun with his competition-winning design in 1957.

• The government's bold decision to select Utzon's design
  is often overshadowed by the scandal that followed.

• The Sydney Opera House was made a UNESCO World
  Heritage Site in June 2007.It is one of the 20th century's
  most distinctive buildings and one of the most famous
  performing arts centres in the world.
• Why was the year 2005 designated as the
  international year of Physics ?
• (be as specific as possible)
• It was the centennial (100 years) of four
  revolutionary papers published by Albert
  Einstein in 1905 while working as a clerk at
  the patent office in Bern Switzerland.

•   1.Photoelectric effect ; light quantum
•   2.Brownian Motion
•   3.Special theory of relativity
•   4.Mass energy Equivalence
• 1922: 2 Men on a boat to New York.

• A:
• “B tried to explain his theories to me throughout
  the voyage. Even though I may not have
  understood them, I am quite sure that B now
  understands them completely.”

• B was offered the Presidency of Israel in 1948
  but courteously declined.
• A went on to become the first President of
  modern Israel.

• Identify A and B.
• A - Chaim Weizmann
• B - Albert Einstein

• Chaim Azriel Weizmann, (1874 – 1952) was a Zionist
  leader, President of the Zionist Organization, and the
  first President of the State of Israel.

• He was elected on 1 February 1949, and served until his
  death in 1952.

• Weizmann was also a chemist who developed the ABE-
  process, which produces acetone through bacterial
• He founded the Weizmann Institute of Science in
  Rehovot, Israel.
• Which Igor Stravinsky work when first
  performed on stage in Paris in
  1908,almost caused a riot amongst the
  audience for its depiction of Virgin
  sacrifice, the avant-garde nature of the
  music and choreography and other issues.

• Who did the stage designs and
  costumes for this performance ?
•   The Rite Of Spring
•   Nikolai Roerich

•   French title Le Sacre du Printemps (Russian: Vesna svyashchennaya)
•   is a ballet and orchestral concert work by the Russian composer Igor

•   It was written for the 1913 Paris season of Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets
    Russes company, with choreography by Vaslav Nijinsky and stage designs
    and costumes by Nikolai Roerich.

•   When the ballet was first performed, at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées on
    29 May 1913, the avant-garde nature of the music

•   and choreography caused a near-riot in the audience.

•   Nevertheless, Stravinsky's music achieved rapid success as a concert piece
    and became recognised as one of the most influential musical works of the
    20th century. It is very widely performed in the concert hall and is frequently
    revived on the stage.
• The movie Chitty Chitty Bang Bang was
  based on a book by this person.

• He served as Moscow correspondent for
  the Reuters news agency from 1929 to
  1933 and was then a banker and
  stockbroker in London until the outbreak of
  World War II.

• Who?
• Ian Fleming
•   Give me X ,Y and connect this with the next slide.

•   X was an Allied plan during World War II, that monitored Spain after the
    Spanish Civil War.

•   The goal of the operation was to ensure that Britain would still be able to
    communicate with Gibraltar in the event Spain joined the Axis Powers.

•   Additionally, it was a plan for the defence of Gibraltar had the Germans
    invaded through Spain.

•   Ultimately Francisco Franco, the dictator of Spain, declined to join the Axis
    Powers. Adolf Hitler refused to give Gibraltar and French North Africa to

•   The plan was developed by Y of British Naval Intelligence. Fleming was
    sent to Gibraltar by Naval Intelligence to monitor military installations in the

•   While there Y was also tasked to liaise with William Joseph Donovan from
    the American Office of Strategic Services OSS.
• X - Operation Golden Eye
• Y - Ian Fleming

• Fleming later dubbed his Jamaican estate
  "Goldeneye", and began writing his series
  of James Bond novels there. The name
  was also used for the title of the
  seventeenth James Bond film, GoldenEye
  starring Pierce Brosnan as Agent 007.
• He was a 53-year old Harvard University graduate and
  former mathematics professor at the University of
  California at Berkeley,who turned anarchist whose
  ingenious homemade bombs killed and wounded people
  in 16 separate incidents in the United States from 1978
  to 1995.
• He made extreme statements of opposition to science,
  industry, and technology.

• By 1995 the FBI had spent more than $50 million in what
  had become the longest and most extensive search in
  the history of the agency.
• Finally his brother gave the breakthrough leading to his
  arrest while living in a one-room plywood shack in the
  mountains of western Montana.

• Who ?
Ted or Theodore Kaczynski.

AKA the Unabomber.
What does the map depict?
(be very specific)
Guyana - English

Surinam – Dutch

French Guyana -
Official languages of SA countries.

There are countries in South America, apart from
Brazil, where Spanish is not the official language.

Guyana - official language there is English.
Hindi, Urdu, and Native American languages are
also spoken.
Guyana was not settled by the Spanish and
Portuguese. It was originally a Dutch colony that
came under British control in the early 18th century.
• He took time off from his busy film career
  to serve as mayor of Carmel ,California
  (CA) (population 4800) for 2 years on a
  pro-development platform in 1986.

• In true filmy style,he stopped greedy
  developers from buying the 22 acre
  Mission ranch by buying it himself for $5
• Clue :
• he is now best known as a director but
  also sometimes acts.
• Clint Eastwood.
• Credit for its 'invention' goes to the Bridgeport
  ,Connecticut Baker William Russell
  ___________ whose last name gives us its

• Invented in the 1870's ,it was not until Yale
  students in the 1940's re-discovered and
  popularised it that it became universally known.

• It was aggressively marketed under the
  trademark toy of the Wham-O manufacturing

• What ?
• Frisbee
• The baker used to throw the tin plates
  used in baking.
• What very famous over a 1000 year old
  words can you find on a pack of
  Marlboro cigarettes ?
• Veni, vidi, vici"
• is a Latin sentence reportedly written by Julius Caesar in
  47 BC as a comment on his short war with Pharnaces II
  of Pontus in the city of Zela (currently known as Zile, in
• Veni, vidi, and vici are first person perfect forms of the
  three Latin verbs venire, videre, and vincere.
• The sentence appears in Plutarch and
  Suetonius.Plutarch reports that he "gave Amantius, a
  friend of his at Rome, an account of this action",whereas
  Suetonius says "In his Pontic triumph he displayed
  among the show-pieces of the procession an inscription
  of but three words, 'I came, I saw, I conquered;'
• The Dutch called it “disgusting bird” ;
• the Portugese “simpleton” ;
• its name being a British corruption of the original
  Portugese word.
• It also finds mention in Lewis Carroll’s Alice in

• Within a 100 years after it was first discovered in
  1598, not a single one of its species was alive.

• What ?
• The Dodo

• (Raphus cucullatus) is an extinct flightless bird
  that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east
  of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.
• A white Dodo was once incorrectly thought to
  have existed on the nearby island of Réunion.

• One of the original names for the Dodo was the
  Dutch "walghvogel", first used in the journal of
  Vice Admiral Wybrand van Warwijck, who visited
  Mauritius during the Second Dutch Expedition to
  Indonesia in 1598.
• This institute was founded in the US with
  funds provided by an Englishman who had
  never visited the US for the establishment
  of an institution for the "increase and
  diffusion of knowledge among men“.

• A distinguished scientist he was the
  illegitimate son of the 1st duke of

• What institute ?
•   The Smithsonian.
•   established 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge", is a group of
    museums and research centers administered by the United States

•   Termed "the nation's attic" for its eclectic holdings of 137 million items,the
    Institution's Washington, D.C. nucleus of nineteen museums, nine research
    centers, and zoo—many of them historical or architectural landmarks—is
    the largest such complex in the world.

•   Additional facilities are located in Arizona, Maryland, New York City,
    Virginia, Panama and elsewhere, and 168 other museums are Smithsonian

•   The Institutions's thirty million annual visitors are admitted without charge;
    funding comes from the Institution's own endowment, private and corporate
    contributions, membership dues, government support, and retail,
    concession and licensing revenues.Institution publications include
    Smithsonian and Air & Space magazines.

•   James Smithson, FRS, M.A. (1765 – 1829) was a British chemist and
    mineralogist. He was the founding donor of the Smithsonian Institution.

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