Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization - School

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					        Greek Contributions
Aim/Goals: How have contributions of the
  ancient Greeks affected the world?
Do Now: What would you like to contribute
  (give) to the world before you die? Explain
  in a few sentences.
Homework : Today we discussed many
contributions the Greeks gave to civilization.
In a paragraph, explain which one you feel is
  most important and why?
 What would you contribute to the
             world?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
What have Greeks Contributed?
1.   The idea of Democracy (freedom)
2.   Theater (Drama)
3.   Poetry
4.   Philosophy (an attitude of belief that affects
     how a person lives.)
5.   Architecture
6.   Sculpture
7.   Mathematics
8.   Science
                                                                                         Name:________________
Contributions of Greek Culture                                                                   Period: _______
to Western Civilization

         Drama                                     Poetry                               History
                                                                               * Herodotus – Greek ________ who
_________               __________       * _________: The
                                                                                   is known as the “_________
and                     – great play     great blind ________                      ___ __________”
                        writer of        teller of Greece                           –   He wrote ___________ which
______ –                                                                                was about the conflict between
                        _________        •His stories later                             __________ and __________
Great play
writers of
                                         were ________ in                      * ____________ – A Greek historian
                                         two ______:                                who wrote __________ of the
______                                                                              ___________________ War.
                                         1.Iliad
                                                                                    –   He wrote about the conflict
                                         2. __________                                  between ________ and ______


      Sculpture                                    Science                          Mathematics
             * _________ – He is known   •    Archimedes – Considered the       •    Euclid – the father of
                  as the _________
                  Greek ____________          greatest _____________                 _____________
                   – He designed the           –    Discovered the              •    Pythagoras – the father of
                        ____________
                        (the temple of              principles of _________          ____________, he founded
                        the Goddess                 and ___________
                        __________)                                                  the Pythagorean theory
                   – Sculpted the        •    __________ – is the founder
                        huge Statue of        of ____________ and the
                        Zeus at
                        Olympus               greatest physician of his time
            Drama
–Aeschylus and   • Aristophanes
 Sophocles –       – Great play
 Great play
 writers of        writer of
 TRAGEDY           COMEDY
           Poetry
• Homer: The great
  blind story teller
  of Greece
 –His stories later
  were written in
  two epics:
   • 1. Iliad
   • 2. Odyssey
HEROES
                        Activity:
Turn handout over to Document #2. Answer questions #4-5 in full
    sentences in your notebooks.
“No one could have stood up against him
And stopped him
Except the Gods
When he burst into the gates
And his eyes flashed tired (exhausted; worn out).”
                          ---The Iliad by Homer (800 B.C.)
4. I think
    ______________________________________________________
    ______________________________________________________
will happen next in this scene.
5. This character compares to Rambo, the Terminator, and Superman
    because ______________________________________________
________________________________________________________.
             history
• Herodotus – Greek historian who
  is known as the “father of history”
  –He wrote Histories which was about
   the conflict between Persia and
   Greece
• Thucydides – A Greek historian
  who wrote History of the
  Peloponnesian War.
  –He wrote about the conflict between
   Athens and Sparta
 sculpture
• Phidias – He is
  known as the
  Greatest Greek
  Sculptor
  – He designed the
    Parthenon (the
    temple of the
    Goddess Athena)
  – Sculpted the huge
    Statue of Zeus at
    Olympus
architecture
  Doric
Column
• Very plain
  and
  simple
• Has no
  base
   Ionic
Column
• Capital has
  scrolls
• Has a base
• More
  decorative
Corinthian
 Column
• The most
  decorative
  capital
• Roofs are
  flat
                 Activity:
Turn handout over to Document #1.
Answer questions #1-3 in full sentences in your
   notebook.
1. __________________is generally regarded as
   the fanciest column of all Greek styles.
2. __________________ is the simplest column
   of all Greek styles.
3. __________________ has rounded edges and
   is widely copied throughout the world.
        science
• Archimedes – Considered the
  greatest mathematician
 –Discovered the principles of
  density and buoyancy
• Hippocrates – is the founder of
  medicine and the greatest
  physician of his time
        mathematics
• Euclid – the father of geometry
• Pythagoras – the father of numbers,
  he founded the Pythagorean theory
         REGENTS REVIEW
• The Ancient Athenians are credited with

  1. inventing and using the wheel
  2. eliminating slavery
  3. establishing governments that had
  democratic elements
  4. inventing the printing press

				
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posted:1/23/2013
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