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International Law

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					International Law
European Union ?
 Can you imagine ?
NATO
SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW ?
• There are three primary sources of
  International Law:
• (1) Treaties and Conventions
• (2) International Custom and
  Usage
• (3) General Principles of Law
 Subjects of International Law ?

• States

• organizations
Is an organization with an international
membership, scope, or presence
  Types of International Organizations



International             international
nongovernmental           governmental
organizations             organizations
      International nongovernmental
               organizations
International non-             International corporations
profit organizations

- International Committee of     -The Coca-Cola Company
the Red Cross
                                 -Toyota
- WorldOrganization of the
Scout Movement
           international governmental
                  organizations



- the United Nations (UN)
-European Union
- World Trade Organization (WTO)
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization( NATO )
Treaty




         Law




               Organizations




                               Relations
International
     Law




International
  Relations
Interest x Power
        Power




Polar
        Regional   Economic
Power
         Block       Block
Block
What if you break the
   law/treaty?
International Courts
International Court of Justice
             Historical Brief


• Permanent Court of Justice
• The Establishment of The United Nations
• Ratifying International Court of Justice as a
  main organ ( one of it’s six organs )
• The judicial tool inside the United Nations
      Composition & Formation
• 15 Elected Judge By (G.A. & S.C.)
• Elected every 9 years according to the UN
  charter
• Located in The Hague
                        Jurisdiction
Judicial Jurisdiction         Consultant Jurisdiction

1.   Parties                  • Derived from a request
2.   Subject                    from other organ
3.   Jurisdictional issue
4.   Applicable Law           • Its consultant advisory
5.   Procedures                 opinion is approved in
                                Hearing
                   Critics
• Its jurisprudence isn’t binding
• States & nations don’t give due to it
• The Financial & economic crisis that passing
  the U.N.
            Specific Tribunals
• International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia
  (ICTY)
• International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda
  (ICTR)
• Extra-Ordinary chambers in courts of
  Cambodia (ECCC)
• Special Court for Sierra Leone
• Special Tribunal For Lebanon
 International Criminal Court (ICC)
• Formed through conference in Rome (Rome
  statute)
• Established to promote the rule of law and
  ensure that the gravest international crimes
  do not go unpunished.
• It do not replace national courts, only
  complementary to the national criminal
  jurisdictions.
• The jurisdiction according to article 5 in Rome
  statute is concerned about:
1- Crimes against humanity
2- Genocide
3- War Crimes
4- Aggression (In action by 2017)
                   Critics
• Big Countries are not in the treaty
• Sentences are not that seriousness
• The settlement in the territory must be absent
  so ICC can have jurisdiction
• The jurisprudence aren’t binding
• Limited on few crimes only

				
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