Scene 4 Allusions
Reference to a diff. text, history, Bible
Who does Antigone compare herself to?
Niobe—queen of Thebes –kids killed bc she
boasted she was greater than a goddess
Traditional stories with supernatural
beings or events to explain natural
processes or phenomena
Myths were a kind of science and religion
(birth, death, and the origins of the
Classical mythology came from Ancient
chorus choragus antagonist skene
tragedy protagonist catastrophe orchestra
Is the King of Thebes
When Oed dies, his sons Creon (the uncle)
Oedipus blind himself
Eteocles and Polyneices Becomes king of Thebes
Daughters take care of
Take over And is trying to
Him while in exile
Both die fighting Restore order
Daughter of Oedipus Daughter of Oedipus
Creon’s son Wife of Creon
Engaged to Antigone
Buried with military Will not be buried
honors No one will mourn for
Given a soldier’s him
funeral Stoning to death if
orders are not
Will not help her sister Will bury her brother
bury their brother Is bold and confident
Will obey the law of Tells Ismene to tell
the land everyone she is
Is afraid and weak responsible
Says she is helpless Says you are dead
Will not attempt the much longer than you
impossible are alive
Thinks her sister is
Flashback of the Battle
Polyneices earlier retreated, but he comes
back for a final battle
Polyneices tries to accomplish a surprise
Polyneices hurls insults and tries to
defame the land
For going against the gods, he loses
Both brothers were killed in the battle
Scene 1---Choragus’ speech
How does he start out his speech?
How does he say he will rule?
What do you think is his motive for
treating Polyneices’ corpse this way?
What metaphor does he use?
What does the Sentry Money talks (Creon)
reveal? There’s nothing in the
Describe Creon’s world so demoralizing
reaction to the news as money
How does Creon feel A fortune won is often
about the Sentry’s misfortune
question about the How dreadful it is
gods? when the right judge
Describe the burial judges wrong
Where do gender roles come up?
What does Creon demand Sentry do?
When are men weak? (1031).
When is a government strong? (1031).
Scene-2 Antigone is Caught
How do they know she What metaphors does
is to blame? he use show
How does the Sentry’s Antigone’s
description invoke stubbornness?
sympathy for Why MUST Creon do
What metaphor does Who else does he
the Sentry use? accuse?
How is she bold?
What is her attitude
Antigone vs Creon
What does Antigone Is Creon justified?
assume about the How does he feel
attitude of the chorus? about the gods?
Is Antigone justified What ulterior motives
How does she feel does Creon think
about the gods? Antigone has?
How does Antigone How does Creon view
treat Ismene? the sisters?
Why does Ismene How does Creon bring
want to die? up gender issues?
How do different people judge God?
Who is the ode talking about?
What does it say?
Like Father Like Son?
“Iam your son, Father. You are my guide.
You make things clear for me, and I obey
Don’t lose your head over a woman
“Do you want me to show myself weak before
Show me the man who keeps his house in
hand, He’s fit for public authority.
Creon Goes Off
The man who knows how to obey, and
that man only, knows how to give
commands when the time comes.
And no woman shall seduce us. If we
must lose, Let’s lose to a man, at least! Is
a woman stronger than we?
Haemon Defends Antigone
Reason is God’s crowning gift to man. . .
Your temper terrifies them—everyone Will
tell you only what you like to hear.
They say no woman has ever, so
unreasonably, died so shameful a death
for a generous act
Do not believe that you alone can be right
The Fight Continues Haemon
It is not reason never to yield to reason!
The reasonable thing is to learn from
those who can teach.
Back and Forth
What does Haemon say Why does Creon bring up
about his father’s ability age?
to compromise? Who
does that remind you of?
What kind of government What kind of
does Haemon seem to be government is Creon
talking about? Prove it talking about?
Where does God fit in?
What does Haemon I swear you’ll regret this
threaten? superior tone of yours!
Then she must die. But “Let her die before his
her death will cause eyes”
What does Creon decide What will Antigone’s
about Ismene? punishment be?
What’s the ode about ?
Scene 4- Allusions
Refs to text or history or Bible
Comparing Antigone to people
Niobe-queen of Thebes. Kids killed because she
bragged—turned to stone—still cries
Persephone-wife of Hades queen of the underworld
(daughter of Zeus) She will welcome Antigone when
she dies (she is also trapped)
Danea- princess who is imprisoned by her father bc
she predicted her son will kill the king someday
Sum up Scene 4
Antigone is on her way to the tomb
She freely accepts her fate
She still thinks her punishment does not fit
Ode 4 Allusions
Teiresisas and Creon
Who is Teiresias? What is Creon’s
What is he predicting? reaction to Teiresias’
What signs has he
seen? What does he accuse
Why is he saying this
is happening What curse does
Teiresias tell Creon
Creon finally breaks
Choragus says “I am He follows Choragus’
old, too, But I cannot advice to free
remember that he Antigone from her
was ever false” vault and make a
tomb for Polyneices
Do it Swiftly!
The Laws of the gods
are might, and a man
must serve them
Prove that money cannot Who is Eurydice and
buy happiness what does she ask?
What has happened to What does the messenger
Haemon? tell Eurydice?
The queen leaves without Creon is in his room and
a work. gets new that the queen
has killed herself.
What has happened to What happens to Creon?
Is Creon to blame?