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Antigone Sophocles Scene 4 Allusions Reference to a diff. text, history, Bible Who does Antigone compare herself to? Niobe—queen of Thebes –kids killed bc she boasted she was greater than a goddess Myths Traditional stories with supernatural beings or events to explain natural processes or phenomena Myths were a kind of science and religion (birth, death, and the origins of the universe) Classical mythology came from Ancient Greece Vocabulary chorus choragus antagonist skene tragedy protagonist catastrophe orchestra Background Oedipus Is the King of Thebes Marries Mom Kills Dad When Oed dies, his sons Creon (the uncle) Oedipus blind himself Eteocles and Polyneices Becomes king of Thebes Daughters take care of Take over And is trying to Him while in exile Both die fighting Restore order Characters Antigone Ismene Daughter of Oedipus Daughter of Oedipus Haemon Eurydice Creon’s son Wife of Creon Engaged to Antigone Creon Eteocles Polyneices Buried with military Will not be buried honors No one will mourn for Given a soldier’s him funeral Stoning to death if orders are not followed Sisters Ismene Antigone Will not help her sister Will bury her brother bury their brother Is bold and confident Will obey the law of Tells Ismene to tell the land everyone she is Is afraid and weak responsible Says she is helpless Says you are dead Will not attempt the much longer than you impossible are alive Thinks her sister is selfish Flashback of the Battle Polyneices earlier retreated, but he comes back for a final battle Polyneices tries to accomplish a surprise attack Polyneices hurls insults and tries to defame the land For going against the gods, he loses Both brothers were killed in the battle Scene 1---Choragus’ speech How does he start out his speech? How does he say he will rule? What do you think is his motive for treating Polyneices’ corpse this way? What metaphor does he use? Questions What does the Sentry Money talks (Creon) reveal? There’s nothing in the Describe Creon’s world so demoralizing reaction to the news as money How does Creon feel A fortune won is often about the Sentry’s misfortune question about the How dreadful it is gods? when the right judge Describe the burial judges wrong Ruling Where do gender roles come up? What does Creon demand Sentry do? When are men weak? (1031). When is a government strong? (1031). Scene-2 Antigone is Caught Antigone Creon How do they know she What metaphors does is to blame? he use show How does the Sentry’s Antigone’s description invoke stubbornness? sympathy for Why MUST Creon do Antigone? something? What metaphor does Who else does he the Sentry use? accuse? How is she bold? What is her attitude toward death? Antigone vs Creon What does Antigone Is Creon justified? assume about the How does he feel attitude of the chorus? about the gods? Is Antigone justified What ulterior motives How does she feel does Creon think about the gods? Antigone has? How does Antigone How does Creon view treat Ismene? the sisters? Why does Ismene How does Creon bring want to die? up gender issues? (1031). Ode 2 How do different people judge God? Who is the ode talking about? What does it say? Like Father Like Son? Haemon “Iam your son, Father. You are my guide. You make things clear for me, and I obey you” (1041). Don’t lose your head over a woman “Do you want me to show myself weak before the people?” Show me the man who keeps his house in hand, He’s fit for public authority. Creon Goes Off The man who knows how to obey, and that man only, knows how to give commands when the time comes. And no woman shall seduce us. If we must lose, Let’s lose to a man, at least! Is a woman stronger than we? Haemon Defends Antigone Reason is God’s crowning gift to man. . . Your temper terrifies them—everyone Will tell you only what you like to hear. They say no woman has ever, so unreasonably, died so shameful a death for a generous act Do not believe that you alone can be right The Fight Continues Haemon It is not reason never to yield to reason! The reasonable thing is to learn from those who can teach. Back and Forth What does Haemon say Why does Creon bring up about his father’s ability age? to compromise? Who does that remind you of? What kind of government What kind of does Haemon seem to be government is Creon talking about? Prove it talking about? Where does God fit in? Temper, Temper What does Haemon I swear you’ll regret this threaten? superior tone of yours! Then she must die. But “Let her die before his her death will cause eyes” another. What does Creon decide What will Antigone’s about Ismene? punishment be? Ode What’s the ode about ? Scene 4- Allusions Refs to text or history or Bible Comparing Antigone to people Niobe-queen of Thebes. Kids killed because she bragged—turned to stone—still cries Persephone-wife of Hades queen of the underworld (daughter of Zeus) She will welcome Antigone when she dies (she is also trapped) Danea- princess who is imprisoned by her father bc she predicted her son will kill the king someday Sum up Scene 4 Antigone is on her way to the tomb She freely accepts her fate She still thinks her punishment does not fit the crime Ode 4 Allusions Teiresisas and Creon Who is Teiresias? What is Creon’s What is he predicting? reaction to Teiresias’ What signs has he predictions? seen? What does he accuse Why is he saying this Teiresias of? is happening What curse does Teiresias tell Creon of? Creon finally breaks Choragus says “I am He follows Choragus’ old, too, But I cannot advice to free remember that he Antigone from her was ever false” vault and make a tomb for Polyneices Do it Swiftly! The Laws of the gods are might, and a man must serve them Exodus Prove that money cannot Who is Eurydice and buy happiness what does she ask? What has happened to What does the messenger Haemon? tell Eurydice? The Queen The queen leaves without Creon is in his room and a work. gets new that the queen has killed herself. What has happened to What happens to Creon? Antigone? Is Creon to blame? Antigone- Haemon- Eurydice- Themes?
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