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Antigone

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					Antigone

Sophocles
            Scene 4 Allusions
 Reference to a diff. text, history, Bible
 Who does Antigone compare herself to?
     Niobe—queen of Thebes –kids killed bc she
     boasted she was greater than a goddess
                  Myths
 Traditional stories with supernatural
  beings or events to explain natural
  processes or phenomena
 Myths were a kind of science and religion
  (birth, death, and the origins of the
  universe)
 Classical mythology came from Ancient
  Greece
             Vocabulary
chorus    choragus    antagonist   skene




tragedy   protagonist catastrophe orchestra
                       Background

                               Oedipus
                        Is the King of Thebes
                             Marries Mom
                               Kills Dad




                       When Oed dies, his sons Creon (the uncle)
 Oedipus blind himself
                       Eteocles and Polyneices Becomes king of Thebes
Daughters take care of
                              Take over            And is trying to
  Him while in exile
                          Both die fighting         Restore order
                        Characters
   Antigone                     Ismene
       Daughter of Oedipus          Daughter of Oedipus




   Haemon                       Eurydice
       Creon’s son                  Wife of Creon
       Engaged to Antigone
                     Creon
 Eteocles                Polyneices
 Buried with military    Will not be buried
  honors                  No one will mourn for
 Given a soldier’s        him
  funeral                 Stoning to death if
                           orders are not
                           followed
                         Sisters
   Ismene                          Antigone
     Will not help her sister        Will bury her brother
      bury their brother              Is bold and confident
     Will obey the law of            Tells Ismene to tell
      the land                         everyone she is
     Is afraid and weak               responsible
     Says she is helpless            Says you are dead
     Will not attempt the             much longer than you
      impossible                       are alive
                                      Thinks her sister is
                                       selfish
       Flashback of the Battle
 Polyneices earlier retreated, but he comes
  back for a final battle
 Polyneices tries to accomplish a surprise
  attack
 Polyneices hurls insults and tries to
  defame the land
 For going against the gods, he loses
 Both brothers were killed in the battle
      Scene 1---Choragus’ speech
   How does he start out his speech?

   How does he say he will rule?

   What do you think is his motive for
    treating Polyneices’ corpse this way?

   What metaphor does he use?
                Questions
 What does the Sentry    Money talks (Creon)
  reveal?                 There’s nothing in the
 Describe Creon’s         world so demoralizing
  reaction to the news     as money
 How does Creon feel     A fortune won is often
  about the Sentry’s       misfortune
  question about the      How dreadful it is
  gods?                    when the right judge
 Describe the burial      judges wrong
                 Ruling
 Where do gender roles come up?
 What does Creon demand Sentry do?
 When are men weak? (1031).
 When is a government strong? (1031).
        Scene-2 Antigone is Caught
   Antigone                     Creon
     How do they know she           What metaphors does
      is to blame?                    he use show
     How does the Sentry’s           Antigone’s
      description invoke              stubbornness?
      sympathy for                   Why MUST Creon do
      Antigone?                       something?
     What metaphor does             Who else does he
      the Sentry use?                 accuse?
     How is she bold?
     What is her attitude
      toward death?
            Antigone vs Creon
   What does Antigone           Is Creon justified?
    assume about the             How does he feel
    attitude of the chorus?       about the gods?
   Is Antigone justified        What ulterior motives
   How does she feel             does Creon think
    about the gods?               Antigone has?
   How does Antigone            How does Creon view
    treat Ismene?                 the sisters?
   Why does Ismene              How does Creon bring
    want to die?                  up gender issues?
                                  (1031).
                 Ode 2
 How do different people judge God?
 Who is the ode talking about?
 What does it say?
           Like Father Like Son?
   Haemon
     “Iam your son, Father. You are my guide.
      You make things clear for me, and I obey
      you” (1041).
     Don’t lose your head over a woman
     “Do you want me to show myself weak before
      the people?”
     Show me the man who keeps his house in
      hand, He’s fit for public authority.
            Creon Goes Off
 The man who knows how to obey, and
  that man only, knows how to give
  commands when the time comes.
 And no woman shall seduce us. If we
  must lose, Let’s lose to a man, at least! Is
  a woman stronger than we?
    Haemon Defends Antigone
 Reason is God’s crowning gift to man. . .
 Your temper terrifies them—everyone Will
  tell you only what you like to hear.
 They say no woman has ever, so
  unreasonably, died so shameful a death
  for a generous act
 Do not believe that you alone can be right
    The Fight Continues Haemon
 It is not reason never to yield to reason!
 The reasonable thing is to learn from
  those who can teach.
                  Back and Forth
   What does Haemon say            Why does Creon bring up
    about his father’s ability       age?
    to compromise? Who
    does that remind you of?



   What kind of government         What kind of
    does Haemon seem to be           government is Creon
    talking about? Prove it          talking about?

   Where does God fit in?
               Temper, Temper
   What does Haemon            I swear you’ll regret this
    threaten?                    superior tone of yours!

   Then she must die. But      “Let her die before his
    her death will cause         eyes”
    another.

   What does Creon decide      What will Antigone’s
    about Ismene?                punishment be?
                    Ode
   What’s the ode about ?
                Scene 4- Allusions
 Refs to text or history or Bible
 Comparing Antigone to people
       Niobe-queen of Thebes. Kids killed because she
        bragged—turned to stone—still cries
       Persephone-wife of Hades queen of the underworld
        (daughter of Zeus) She will welcome Antigone when
        she dies (she is also trapped)
       Danea- princess who is imprisoned by her father bc
        she predicted her son will kill the king someday
              Sum up Scene 4
   Antigone is on her way to the tomb

   She freely accepts her fate

   She still thinks her punishment does not fit
    the crime
Ode 4 Allusions
         Teiresisas and Creon
 Who is Teiresias?       What is Creon’s
 What is he predicting?   reaction to Teiresias’
 What signs has he
                           predictions?
  seen?                   What does he accuse

 Why is he saying this
                           Teiresias of?
  is happening            What curse does
                           Teiresias tell Creon
                           of?
             Creon finally breaks
   Choragus says “I am         He follows Choragus’
    old, too, But I cannot       advice to free
    remember that he             Antigone from her
    was ever false”              vault and make a
                                 tomb for Polyneices
   Do it Swiftly!
                                The Laws of the gods
                                 are might, and a man
                                 must serve them
                       Exodus
   Prove that money cannot      Who is Eurydice and
    buy happiness                 what does she ask?




   What has happened to             What does the messenger
    Haemon?                           tell Eurydice?
                    The Queen
   The queen leaves without      Creon is in his room and
    a work.                        gets new that the queen
                                   has killed herself.




   What has happened to          What happens to Creon?
    Antigone?
           Is Creon to blame?
   Antigone-

   Haemon-

   Eurydice-
Themes?

				
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posted:1/22/2013
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