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Comprehensive District Annual Plan 2011-12 Balasore District00014

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Comprehensive District Annual Plan  2011-12 Balasore District00014 Powered By Docstoc
					Comprehensive District Annual Plan 2011-12                                                                                                               Balasore District

Main flood prone areas of the district are located in northern parts of the district covering
Bhograi, Baliapal, Basta, Jaleswar, Balasore and Remuna blocks. Also some times
Bahanaga, Soro, Nilgiri, Simulia gets partly affected due to heavy rain and flood.

As the district lies on the coastal belts of Bay of Bengal, it is highly vulnerable to cyclone
and tidal disasters. Out of 12 blocks, Balasore sadar, Basta, Baliapal, Jaleswar, Bhograi,
Remuna, Bahanaga and Soro blocks have been identified as severe cyclone prone blocks.
Except Oupada and Khaira blocks, all the blocks of the district has been covered under
vulnerability map of the district.

The rainfall recorded during the last 26 years revealed that only in case of 5 years the
actual rainfall is less than normal rainfall of 1592 mm. In rest 21 years the actual rainfall is
more than normal rainfall of the district.

                                                      Rainfall distribution in Balasore district during the last 26 years
  Rainfall in mm

                     84


                            85


                                   86


                                          87


                                                 88


                                                        89


                                                                0


                                                                       1

                                                                             92


                                                                                    93


                                                                                            4

                                                                                                  95


                                                                                                         96


                                                                                                                97


                                                                                                                        8

                                                                                                                              99


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                                                              99


                                                                     99




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                                                                                                         Year

                                                                                   Normal Rainfall                    Actual Rainfall



The river Subarnarekha originates in Chhotnagpur hills of Jharkhand state and enters
Balasore district near Olmara of Jaleswar block. Except some small strips of embankments,
the river is mostly without emabnkments. The river falls in to Bay of Bengal near Kirtania of
Bhograi block. During flood, large areas of Jaleswar, Bhograi and Baliapal blocks and a
small pocket of Basta block get affected.

The river Budhabalanga originates from Similipal hills of Mayurbhanj district and enters
Balasore near Kalyanpur of Remuna block. There is no flood protection embankment on
either side of the river. It falls in to Bay of Bengal near Balaramgadi. During flood it affects
large areas of Remuna and Balaosre Sadar block. The river is fed by other rivulets like Sono
and Gangahara. Some parts of Nilagiri block and large areas of Remuna block are affected
due to flood in river Sono and Gangahar.

The river Jalaka originates in Mayurbhanj district and the rain water of Mayurbhanj district
is mainly discharged through this river. The river is named as Jambhira in Mayurbhanj
district and Jalaka in Balsore district. It submerges large ares of Basta block during flood.
The river falls in to Bay of Bengal near Kasafala.

River Kansabansa though a small river but affects some areas of Simulia, Khaira, Soro and
Bahanaga blocks during flood.

River Sono is also a small river and has no flood embankment. It falls in the river
Budhabalanga near Govindpur village of Remuna block. Some portion of Nilagiri and
Remuna blocks are badly affected due to flood in this river.
In addition to these rivers, a good number of small rivers/rivulets also cause flood in many
parts of the district. The list of these small rivers/rivulets is presented below.


TSI: NABARD Consultancy Services (NABCONS)                                                                                                                                                        21
 Comprehensive District Annual Plan 2011-12                                        Balasore District

                 Table 2.7. Small rivers/Nallas that causes flood in the district
 Name of the Small            Name of the blocks affected due to     Name of the Small    Name of the blocks
 rivers/Nallahs               flood                                  rivers/Nallahs       affected due to flood
                              Balasore sadar (Partly) & Basta
 Jalaka/Panchapada                                                   Baharada             Basta
                              (Partly)
 Haskura/Palpada              Basta & Balasore sadar                 Khalijodi            Bhograi
 Sartha Nalla                 Balasore sadar                         Nahara               Bhograi
 Sapua                        Nilagiri                               Chitei               Bhogarai
 Kantiachera                  Remuna & Balasore Sadar                Bhandaria            Bhograi
 Paganai                      Balasore sadar                         Pathareswar          Bhograi
 Gangahar                     Remuna and Balasore sadar              Guasul               Baliapal
 Amrutia                      Balasore Sadar
 Source: District Disaster Management Plan, 2009-10

 Particularly during kharif season, vast areas of coastal plains are subject to severe flooding.
 Due to continuous submergence of kharif crop under flood water, the crops get completely
 damaged. Floods generally take place either early, during transplantation or late during
 flowering season, leading to crop loss. Since the flood-prone areas have hardly any scope of
 flow irrigation, there is a very little scope of raising a second crop.

 Large areas of the district are also drought prone because of irregular distribution and
 deficient rainfall. Due to lack of irrigation facilities, the standing crops fails and farmers
 face major setback.
                          Table 2.8. Seasonality of Hazard in the district
                     January to March         April to June        July to September     October to December
Type of hazard
                     H  C    A     I         H     C    A   I       H      C    A  I       H     C    A   I
Flood
Cyclone
Heat wave
Drought
 H: Human/C: Crop/A: Animals/I: Infrastructure

 The super cyclone of 1999 caused heavy loss to all the coastal districts of the state
 including Balasore district.

 The recurrence of natural calamities like flood, cyclone, drought, hailstorm and tide at
 regular intervals in the district is affecting the agriculture operations. As a consequence
 farmers are reluctant to diversify into commercial agriculture fearing increase in debt
 burden due to increase in cost of cultivation. Occurrence of different types of natural
 calamities in the district during last several years is as under:-

                              Table 2.9. History of Disaster in the District
Type of Disaster       Year
                       1989,   1990,   1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004,
Flood
                       2005,   2006,   2007, 2008, 2010
Cyclone                1990,   1999
Drought                1998,   1999,   2002, 2010
Hailstorm              1989,   1992,   1993
 Source: District Disaster Management Plan, 2009-10

          Table 2.10. No. of villages prone to Tsunami (located within 1.5 kms of sea)
 Blocks                  No. of GPs        No. of Villages    Blocks         No. of GPs       No. of Villages
 Bahanaga                       5                16           Khaira             -                    -
 Balasore Sadar                 8                27           Nilgiri            -                    -
 Baliapal                       6                 9           Oupada             -                    -
 Basta                          -                 -           Remuna             3                   10
 Bhograi                        5                14           Simulia            -                    -
 Jaleswar                       -                 -           Soro               -                    -
 Total                         27                76           -                  -                    -
 Source: District Disaster Management Plan, 2009-10


 TSI: NABARD Consultancy Services (NABCONS)                                                                22
 Comprehensive District Annual Plan 2011-12                                          Balasore District

                            Table 2.11. Flood Prone Gram Panchayats
Blocks                                  No. of GPs                Blocks                      No. of GPs
Bahanaga                                      8                   Khaira                           -
Balasore Sadar                               10                   Nilgiri                          5
Baliapal                                     14                   Oupada                           -
Basta                                        11                   Remuna                          12
Bhograi                                      14                   Simulia                          2
Jaleswar                                     13                   Soro                             4
Total                                       93                              -                      -
 Source: District Disaster Management Plan, 2009-10

 Most important impact of these natural calamities is loss of crop, one of the main sources of
 livelihood of rural masses of the district. Almost every year major number of villages suffers
 crop loss of 50% and above, as a result farmers are rarely interested to take up commercial
 cultivation of crops adopting improved technologies.

  Table 2.12. Year wise number of villages having crop loss of 50% and above in Kharif
                       season due to natural calamities (Balasore)
                           Nos. affected                % to total number of           % to total number of
Year
                     Blocks           Villages          blocks in the district        villages in the district
1999                     9              1733                    75.00                          58.33
2000                     2                9                     16.67                           0.30
2001                     0                0                      0.00                           0.00
2002                    12              2586                   100.00                          87.04
2005                     5               508                    41.67                          17.10
2006                    12               995                   100.00                          33.49
2007                    12              2141                   100.00                          72.06
 Source: Orissa Agricultural Statistics, 2008-09

                Table 2.13. Cyclone/Flood Shelters established in the district
                  No. of Multi                                           No. of Multi
                                      Other                                                     Other
                Purpose Cyclone                                        Purpose Cyclone
Blocks                               Cyclone        Total   Blocks                             Cyclone      Total
                 Shelters/Flood                                         Shelters/Flood
                                     Shelters                                                  Shelters
                    Shelters                                               Shelters
Bahanaga                5             25        30          Khaira               -                9           9
Balasore
                        4             51        55          Nilgiri              -                6           6
Sadar
Baliapal               11             14        25          Oupada               -                2          2
Basta                   -                        0          Remuna               4                16         20
Bhograi                 8             15        23          Simulia              -                9          9
Jaleswar                -              2         2          Soro                 1                34         35
Total                  33            183       216             -                 -                 -          -
 Source: District Disaster Management Plan, 2009-10

 Land Utilization Pattern:

 The land use pattern of the district varies with that of state. Very less area is under forest
 coverage limited mainly to Nilgiri and Oupada Blocks. Due to plain terrain and lack of hills
 and forests, major chunk of the land is cultivated, i.e., under net area sown (61.42%) (Table
 2.14).

         Table 2.14. Land Utilization Statistics of Balasore vis-à-vis Orissa (2008-09)
                                                            Balasore                          Orissa
Land use type
                                                    Area (000ha)        %            Area (000ha)            %
Forest                                                   33            8.66              5813              37.33
Miscellaneous tree crops and grooves                     25            6.56               342               2.20
Permanent pastures                                       16            4.20               494               3.17
Cultivable waste                                          9            2.36               375               2.41
Land under Non-agril. uses                               33            8.66              1298               8.34
Barren & uncultivable land                               10            2.62               840               5.39
Current Fallows                                          34            8.92               576               3.70
Other Fallows                                             5            1.31               229               1.47
Net sown area                                           216           56.69              5604              35.99
Total Geographical area                                 381          100.00             15571             100.00
 Source : Orissa Agricultural Statistics, 2008-09


 TSI: NABARD Consultancy Services (NABCONS)                                                                  23

				
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