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An important component of planning is to characterize the WSA in


									                                             Water Services Unit for Emfuleni Local Municipality

                                     WATER SERVICES

                                 DEVELOPMENT PLAN


                                      EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
                                           (Draft -2)

                                                  April 2006

C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\My Documents\HJD\WSDP\SSI -(2)\Final Draft (2) - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.doc
   1. Introduction

Emfuleni Local Municipality is the Water Services Authority (WSA) with Metsi-a-Lekoa the Water
Services Provider (WSP). The Water Act requires a WSA to prepare a Water Services Development Plan
(WSDP) each year.

New guidelines were drafted during mid 2005 for the development of a WSDP by Department of Water
Affairs and Forestry. This new format aims to transform the previous data table format to a strategic plan
format addressing not only issues such as existing information and statistics but also to provide gap analysis,
future trends and goal and strategic solutions.

With this 2006/07 WSDP, information was taken from the previous format and feed into the new format by
DWAF. This WSDP will serve as basis for future WSDP plans. The complexity of the above requirement
makes it impossible to achieve the result into one document, therefore the WSDP will be up-graded each
year over a 5 year period.

       WSDP Goals
       The WSDP is not simply a legal requirement; it is a tool towards achieving sustainable water
       services (where water services includes both water supply and sanitation services). In addressing
       sustainable water services, there are three major goals that WSA should aim to achieve. These
        Delivery of sustainable water services
        Integrated water resource management
        Efficient and effective water services institutional arrangements (WSA capacity and WSP

   2. Socio-Economic Profile

The population figures for Emfuleni vary from 665 027 (census 2001), while the Demarcation Board Report
of May 2002 indicates a population of 1 309 849. A report by Booz Allen Hamilton in 1996 places the
population at 1 200 110. If the quantity of water consumed per capita is utilised as a measure of realism, the
Demarcation Board and Town Planning figures are considered to be more realistic than the census 2001
figures. Although the IDP Steering Committee recommends that the Census 2001 data should be used as a
basis for the population data, {see Emfuleni Local Municipality IDP 2004/05 and 2005/06} the number of
people from that census does not correlate with the number of formal stands and the informal dwellings that
were physically counted. Thus the current number of stands and dwellings as counted, will be used as a basis
with an average of 5 persons per household unit for the population in 2005. This data will be used as a basis
and will be extrapolated at a growth rate of 2.68% per annum for the population projection in terms of the
research by the Vaal Research Group (2000).

As a result of the significant difference in the population figures, it was decided by Metsi-a-Lekoa to place
emphasis in this annual review of the WSDP upon verifying the number of formally registered stands and to
verify the number of informal dwellings. This was done by reviewing the results of past and current surveys
conducted by others. When this process proved unsatisfactory as far as the informal settlements are
concerned, resort was made to physically counting the informal dwellings. The result is that some 224 000
formal stands, informal dwellings and agricultural land holdings were identified, which indicates that a
population around 1 100 000 is realistic.

The growth rate of the area is reputed to be 2,68% per annum, which is high compared to the national
average and to the population figures from the Demarcation Board and Town Planning studies. The high rate,

if it is accurate, could be attributed to the area being close to the Johannesburg Metropolitan area, and
thus being an entry point for new migrants.

The unemployment rate for the area (51,5%) is also higher than the national average (27.8%). Due to the
shrinking of the economy, unemployment is increasing. The number of households that are living in poverty is
high at 46%.

The municipality is characterised, therefore, by a growing population requiring water and sanitation services,
against a background of low income, high unemployment and significant poverty. These aspects all adversely
impact upon Metsi-a-Lekoa's ability to raise finances from consumers for capital works and to attain a high
level of payment for operations and maintenance. As a result, the water and sanitation services will be very
dependent upon Municipal Infrastructure Grant (MIG) finance for capital works and Equitable Share funding
for operations and maintenance.

Present informal settlements are:

     Informal/less formal settlements                       No of         Informal/less                   No of
                                                           dwellings   formal settlements                dwellings
   Sebokeng                                                            Vanderbijlpark/Vereeniging
   Sonderwater                                               2218      Taxi Rank Tsepiso                   279
   New Village                                               1346      Boipatong Ext 1- Winnie’s Park      356
   Zone 17 West                                              289       Sharpville – Stand 5500              34
   Boiketlong                                                1600      Additional areas
   Evaton                                                              Zone 24/Kanana Finger               550
   Zone 7 Ext 1                                              289       Polomiet                            250
   *Back Yard Dwellers                                      62483      Old Vereeniging Hospital            500
   Vlakfontein (moved )                                      3253      Ironside Industrial                 250
   Vanderbijlpark/Vereeniging                                          Barrage                              88
   Chris Hani                                                600       Cape Gate                           1020
   Soul City                                                 350
   Lybia                                                     820       TOTAL                              76575
   * Evaton back-yard dwellers (62,483) on private property
Present total consumers are:

                                                              Effective population growth rate (%/a)

                                                              2006     2007      2008     2009    2010
     Total population                       1 100 000          2.68    2.68      2.68   2.68      2.68
     No. of household consumer units         224 000          2.68     2.68      2.68   2.68      2.68
     No. of dry industrial consumer units
                                             1 793
     No. of wet industrial consumer units
     No. of commercial consumer units
                                             1 630
     No other

Based upon the parameters outlined above, the table below depicts the projected population growth for
Emfuleni Local Municipality from 2005 to 2010.

    Year           2005          2006            2007            2008            2009          2010
Population      1 100 000                                                     1 222 000      1 252 000
                               1 130 000       1 160 000       1 191 000

   3. Service level profile

   o   Service Level Policy

Of crucial importance in planning for the future is for the WSA to have a service level policy. This involves
identifying the different levels of service that will be offered by the WSA and highlighting what the capital
and operating cost implications of each level will be. This policy might include what level of service can be
provided free of charge versus what levels consumers will be expected to pay for. It is essential that a
policy of this nature be in place before targets can be finalised.

In terms of the national guidelines of DWAF, basic services are:
Water stand pipe at 200 meters from household, this would include 6 kilo-liter free” water, and dry
sanitation at each stand. Dry sanitation can be a Ventilated Improved Pit (VIP) latrines or an equivalent.

The following targets are put by national government:
Basic water supply to all by 2080
Basic sanitation to all by 2010

Council adopted a policy on 14 July 2005 to provide an intermediate LOS 2 to all new economical
developments. The Gauteng Provincial Government of Housing has issued a declaration requiring waterborne
sanitation to be the basic level of service for Gauteng during mid 2005. The implication is that expectations
of informals is that full level of water and sanitation services will be provided. This comes at a high cost,
with is not always affordable. Various relationships exist between the level of service, level of payment and
level of revenue management. All of these have been described in various policies, by-laws and tariffs that
govern these issues.

Based on the above a revised policy could be adopted by Council to provide full waterborne LOS 3.

   o   Service Level Profile

Historically the operations and management of Water Services have been under the control of Emfuleni and
Sedibeng through the Lekoa Water Company. As part of Emfuleni's strategy, a decision was taken by Council
to reinforce the provision of water services in the area of jurisdiction of Emfuleni through the
establishment of Metsi-a-Lekoa. This decision was however taken on the understanding that the new entity
will ensure financial turnaround and sustainability through economies of scale, operational efficiency,
effective financial planning and customer services management.

Emfuleni covers an area of just under 990 square kilometres. The municipality's main residential areas are
Vanderbijlpark, Vereeniging, Evaton, Sharpeville and Sebokeng. Water and sanitation services are provided
within the municipality by a utility, Metsi-a-Lekoa, which is wholly owned by Emfuleni. The approved capital
budget for Metsi-a-Lekoa for the 2005/2006 financial year is R22 million, and the proposed budget for the
2006/2007 financial year is R 36 million. The main source of funding is from MIG (61%). The operating
budget for the 2005/2006 financial year is R 490 million, and the proposed operating budget for 2006/2007
is still in process. A significant source of funding for this purpose is the Equitable Share.

The main water services infrastructure components of Emfuleni are:

                            Water Provision                           Sanitation Provision

               Reservoirs                     9         Waste Water Works                      3
               Water Towers                   5         Wastewater Pump                        51
               Water Pump Stations           5
               Bulk Water Pipelines       479 Km        Bulk Sanitation Pipelines             454 Km
               Internal Pipelines         2215 Km       Internal Sanitation                  2084 Km
               Metered Connections        126 376       Number of Connections                124 376

The sanitation system consists of gravity pipelines and because of the flat terrain also 51 sewage pump
stations. The wastewater system consists of three wastewater treatment works. The largest of the
wastewater treatment works being operated is the Sebokeng water treatment facility with a capacity of
116 Ml/day. Significant portions of the infrastructure including the Rietspruit and Leeuwkuil wastewater
treatment works need to be upgraded and rehabilitated to attain compliance with environmental and
legal requirements. A summary of the wastewater treatment facilities is shown below.

                     Wastewater                      Catchment                            Details
                  Treatment Works
               Rietspruit                 Vanderbijlpark, Boipatong          25 M/day capacity,
                                                                             discharges into the
                                                                             Rietspruit and Vaal River
                                                                             (below the Barrage)
               Leeuwkuil                  Vereeniging, Sharpeville,          36 M/day capacity,
                                          Thsepiso                           discharges into the Vaal
               Sebokeng                   Sebokeng, Evaton, Palm             116 M/day capacity,
                                          Springs, Orange Farm and           discharges into the
                                          areas of Johannesburg              Rietspruit

Over the past 6 years Emfuleni has experienced negative publicity due to spillage of sewage in the Vaal
River. This problem is due to sewer pipe blockages, aging of the sewer infrastructure, vandalism of cables
at sewer pump stations, design issues and a maintenance backlog. These problems are being addressed and
over the past two years by:

   o   R35M has been spent on the refurbishment of sewer infrastructure, preventative maintenance and
       network upgrading. Spillages have to date been reduced to manageable levels.

The total wastewater flow generated by the three wastewater treatment works, Sebokeng, Rietspruit and
Leeuwkuil 133 M/day (average dry weather flow), represents about 66 % of the total bulk water demand,
which is considered reasonable.

Metsi-a-Lekoa provides water services to about 140 000 stands. Some 99% of the residents have house or
yard connections and only about 1% are unserved. In terms of sanitation provision 63% of households have
higher than basic service and 37% have no service.

Residential Consumer Units for Water

                No. consumer units with:                 05/06          06/07          07/08     08/09         09/10

    1.        None or inadequate                     100            0              0             0         0

    2. Communal water supply                         79 400         82000          84 000        86 000    88 000

    3. Controlled volume supply                      0

    4. Uncontrolled volume supply: yard

              tap or house connection                139 000        142 000        146 000       150 000   155 000

    5. Self-supply                                   5 500          5 600          5 800         5 900     6 200

    6. Total served                                  223 900        229 600        235 800       241900    249 000

Residential Consumer Units for Sanitation

              No. consumer units with access to
                                                           05/06         06/07         07/08     08/09     09/10
                        sanitation facilities:

         1.     None or inadequate: Below RDP:             9 600         6 000         1 000     0         0

         2. Consumer installations: On site dry            5 000         5 000         1 000     1 000     0

                or equivalent

         3. Consumer installations: Wet (septic

                tanks, digester or tanker desludge          5 500         5 600         5 800     5 900     6 200


         4. Discharge to water treatment                   139 000       142 000       146 000   150 000   155 000

                works (intermediate or full


         5. Total served (2+3+4+5)                         149500        152600        152800    156900    161200

Bulk water suppliers:

                            Rand Water: Rand Water (RW) is the largest water board in South Africa and
                             supplies treated water to the three metros and most municipalities in Gauteng and
                             other smaller consumption centres in NorthWest, the Free State and Mpumalanga
                             provinces.   RW has a complex and dynamic system and their network is well
                             managed. Water is augmented by the Lesotho Highlands Transfer Scheme.

               Own Resources: The Emfuleni Local Municipality purifies a small quantity of raw
                water abstracted from the Vaal River, at the Vaal Oewer water purification works.
                Upgrading of the plant is in process.

4. WSDP Drafting Team

               Name                        Organisation                     Telephone number

       Mr H Duvenage          Metsi-a-Lekoa                            (016) 986 8326

       Mr B vd Merwe          Metsi-a-Lekoa                            (016) 986 8325

       Mr H Mukwevho          Emfuleni Local Municipality              (016) 950 5401

      Since the WSDP needs to be integrated with the IDP, it is important that there are WSDP and
      IDP representatives on both the WSDP and the IDP drafting teams.

5. Future Issues

      o   Water demand Management

      An integrated water resource planning approach is in process to be introduced. It involves the
      concurrent consideration of future water supply resources (such as from the Vaal River) and
      water demand management options to enable the future demand for water to be met not by only
      developing additional resources, but also by reducing the growth in water demand. Although
      Metsi-a-Lekoa has embarked on a water loss reduction process, an integrated water resource plan
      is required to prioritize the development of not only future resources but to take cognizance of
      water demand management initiatives.

      Water demand can entails the following:
         o Control of excessive system pressures to reduce the flow rate through
            defects in a pipelines and also increase the deterioration and condition of the
            water works and fittings. Pressure management by reducing pressures at
            night when pressures generally rise as demand decreases, is done through the
            use of “smart pressure reducing valves”.
         o Identify high loss areas and “zoom” into these areas by measuring smaller
            areas and repair internal and external water pipes, internal house plumbing
            leaks ect.
         o Reduce water supply to individuals or areas.

      o   Un-accounted for Water

      Unaccounted for water is defined as the difference between the measured volumes of water
      put into the supply system and the total volume of water measured to authorized consumers.
      Internal plumbing leaks are leaks past the consumer meter. Such leaks can be assessed
      through sample surveys of consumer households and by analysing the minimum night flow of
      bulk meters.

      o   Asset Management Program

      A critical aspect that needs to be addressed as a matter of urgency is the management of infra-
      structure services assets. Inadequate attention to this aspect will eventually lead to the

      deterioration of the current infrastructure with a resulting break down of service delivery to
      customers, and prevent future developments which are crucial for generating work and income.

      The first step in management of assets is to capture all infra-structure on a computer system.
      This is in process but needs to be corrected and re-fined over time in order to capture a 100%
      correct model of infra-structure.

      A system like the WMS (Water Management System) linked to an assets register, can assist
      officials to view details of infrastructure as well as graphs and reports in order to optimize the
      water and sewerage systems and operations.

      o   Sewer rehabilitation

      Central Treasury has made a restructuring grant available to Emfuleni Local Municipality. The
      main focus is seen as the prevention of disease transmission e g typhoid which is possible in the
      event of both raw sewage spillages (from pump stations) or contaminated discharges from the

      The proposed solution is to provide relief in a phased approach. Phase 1, dubbed Short Term, is
      to rectify the most serious shortcomings at the pump stations and at the Rietspruit and Leeuwkuil
      works without any basic changes to the existing infrastructure (note that Sebokeng has recently
      been extended utilizing up to date technology).

      While this will give a significant improvement to overall performance, problems which could result
      in raw sewage spillage cannot be ruled out. An early warning telemetry system is accordingly
      proposed, together with portable standby pumps and diesel electricity generators to enable a
      problem to be attended to in the shortest possible time. The estimated costs are:

          Item                         Details                           Cost : R-milliion
    Pump stations       Upgrades/repairs/emergency equipment                  5,780
    WWTWs               Upgrades/repairs                                      5,320
                        Fencing                                               10,000
    Contingencies       10%                                                    2,110
    VAT                 14%                                                   3,250
    Total                                                                    26,460

      Phase 1 could be completed within a period of 12 months, with a significant proportion done in less
      than 6 months

      Phase 2 the Long Term Solution, is reckoned to take at least 6 years to implement fully. This
      phase concentrates on reducing the 51 pump stations to the bare minimum of 4 and also on
      rationalizing the treatment aspect.

      The proposal is to construct a system of outfall sewers from the present Sebokeng, Leeuwkuil
      and Rietspruit works to a new wastewater treatment works in the south of Emfuleni and then to
      decommission the existing three works. Meyerton’s wastewater treatment works could also be
      included in the scheme to further streamline the wastewater handling process and to reduce the
      risks of pollution. The estimated cost of the scheme is around R400M. Implementation time is 5
      to 7 years.

6. Projects

              The projects listed below to alleviate the backlog of water services like operations and
              maintenance (O&M) and other initiatives that are planned and in progress for the 2005/06
              and next five years.

              o    Projects 2005/06:

                              Project                        R - Cost
                    Water Demand Management:
                       o VGC water demand                        2
                       o Sharpeville water leak repair          0.8
                       o Water meters
                       o Water meter install                    4.2
                           Zone 10 + 14
                       o WRP pressure                           5
                           control Sebokeng /
                   Replace water mains                         4.56
                   Rehabilitation sewer mains                  12.24
                   and PS
                   Vaaloewer water plant                       1.48
                   Water supply to                             3.34
                   agricultural holdings
                   Improvement WCW’s                           9.26
                   Supply basic water                          1.75

              o    Projects next five years (funds to be approved)

Project name           2006/07      2007/08        2008/09            2009/2010   2010/2011    Total
 Basic water to         R            R              R                  R           R            R
Informal               250,000      250,000        150,000            150,000     150,000      950,000
 Basic sanitation to    R            R             R                  R           R            R25,000,000
Informals              2,000,000    5,000,000      5,000,000          5,000,000   5,000,000
 Repair and             R            R              R                  R           R            R
Maintenance            2,000,000    2,000,000      2,000,000          2,000,000   2,000,000    10,000,000
Sewer Network           R            R              R                  R           R            R
                       6,000,000    6,000,000      6,000,000          7,000,000   7,000,000    32,000,000
 Repair and             R            R                                                          R
Maintenance of         27,000,000   2,000,000                                                  29,000,000
sewer pump              R            R              R                  R           R            R
stations and           3,000,000    3,000,000      3,000,000          3,000,000   3,000,000    15,000,000
WCW's (short

 Improvements to        R            R              R                  R           R            R
WCW's according        3,150,000    5,000,000      2,500,000          2,500,000   2,500,000    15,650,000
to license              R            R              R                  R           R            R
requirements -         5,500,000    2,000,000      2,000,000          2,000,000   2,000,000    10,000,000
Short term

 Industrial Effluent    R            R              R                  R           R            R
control program        700,000      800,000        800,000            500,000     250,000      3,050,000
 Abstraction from       R            R              R                              R            R
Vaal River             250,000      250,000        500,000                        50,000,000   51,000,000
 Water Demand           R            R              R                  R           R            R
Management             2,500,000    2,500,000      2,500,000          2,500,000   2,500,000    12,500,000
                        R            R              R                  R           R            R
                       3,000,000    5,000,000      5,000,000          5,000,000   5,000,000    23,000,000

Water meter and       R            R              R             R             R             R
billing project      2,500,000    2,500,000      2,500,000     2,500,000     2,500,000     12,500,000
                      R            R              R             R             R             R
                     3,000,000    5,000,000      5,000,000     5,000,000     5,000,000     23,000,000
Water education       R            R              R             R             R             R
and awareness        1,500,000    1,500,000      1,500,000     1,500,000     1,500,000     7,500,000
 Repair and           R            R              R             R             R             R
Maintenance          7,000,000    7,000,000      7,000,000     7,000,000     7,000,000     35,000,000
Water Network         R            R              R             R             R             R
                     -            1,000,000      1,000,000     1,000,000     1,000,000     4,000,000
 Repair and           R            R              R             R             R             R
Maintenance          250,000      250,000        250,000       250,000       250,000       1,250,000
Buildings, Fences
& Sites
 Repair and           R            R              R             R             R             R
Maintenance          2,000,000    2,000,000      1,000,000     500,000       500,000       6,000,000
Vehicles and
 Maintenance and      R            R              R             R             R             R
new design and       500,000      400,000        300,000       300,000       300,000       1,800,000
project software
 Water Service        R            R              R             R             R             R
Development Plan     300,000      250,000        150,000       150,000       100,000       950,000
Bulk services for
Vaaloewer - Sewer    -            -              -             R2 500 000                  R2 500 000
Quaggastroom -       R8 000 000   R52 000 000    -             -             -             R60 000 000
Quaggastroom -       R8,000,000   R32 000 000    -             -             -             R40 000 000
Agricultural          R            R              R             R             R             R
holdings - water     2,500,000    2,500,000      2,500,000     2,500,000     2,500,000     12,500,000
Thepiso x4 - sewer                R7 500 000     R8 000 000                                R15 000 000

Sonderwater -         R                                                                     R
water                1,200,000                                                             1,200,000
 Rietkuil - sewer    -             R 4,000,000   R 4,000,000                                R 8,000,000
Sewer for areas or    R            R              R             R             R             R
houses without to    2,000,000    25,000,000     25,000,000    25,000,000    25,000,000    102,000,000
eliminate backlog
by 2010 - Evaton
R24m) and MIG
Administration and   R 150,000    R 500,000      R 300,000     R 250,000                   R 1,200,000
data system

 Master Plan and     R 500,000     R              R             R             R            R 1,750,000
Asset management                  500 000        250,000       250,000       400,000
 Customer Care       -             R              R             R             R            R6 000,000
project                           1,500,000      1,500,000     1,500,000     1,500,000
 New WCW for         R8,000,000    R              R             R             R             R
Emfuleni and                      10,000,000     50,000,000    150,000,000   142,000,000   360,000,000
 Reduction of        -            R25 000 000    R25 000 000   R17 000 000   R3 000 000    R 70,000,000
sewer pump


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