Unpleasant thing - Herpes Herpes - infectious viral disease of the skin. Herpes distinguished: 1) a simple herpes (Herpes simplex), which is the causative agent of filterable virus pathogenic not only for humans, but for some animals. 2) shingles (Herpes zoster), which is the causative agent of filterable virus, varicella zoster virus close , as evidenced by the possibility of infection with chickenpox children from adults with Herpes zoster, Herpes zoster and vice versa occurs more frequently as a primary disease, but sometimes complicated pneumonia, pleurisy, leukemia and other diseases. Herpes simplex - a one-time acute eruption of vesicles closely crowded with serous contents against a limited edema pink spot - is accompanied by itching, tingling or pain. After 3-4 days the blisters dry up in the crust, or opening, making a series of small erosions. Consistently crusts fall off, erosion epiteliziruyutsya and 6-8-day herpes heals. favorite localization : circumference of the mouth and nose, cheeks less, ears, often seen on the genitals of men in the head and shaft of the penis, women in large and small lips, and on the buttocks, can affect the mucous membranes. Herpes simplex is often accompanied by some common infectious diseases (influenza, pneumonia, malaria, etc.) or arises independently after hypothermia, trauma (for example, extraction of the tooth), drug or food poisoning. In some individuals, Herpes simplex recurs often in the same place. With the localization of herpes genital herpes should be differentiated from the erosion of the chancre. Treatment: disinfecting ointment - dermatolovaya 5%, 5% boron-Naftalan sintomitsinovaja. with erosive form - lotions of 0.25% solution of silver nitrate. Herpes zoster - acute rash along individual nerves located ribbon-like pink spots of varying size (3-5 cm in diameter and larger), against which quickly formed a group of closely crowded bubbles filled with serous contents. The number of lesions varied, their appearance is accompanied (or preceded), tingling, itching, and very often neuralgic pains, and malaise and fever. After 6-8 days blisters dry up to form crusts, which by the end of the third week of fall off, leaving a slight pigmentation.Sometimes the contents of the bubbles can be hemorrhagic or onsite bubbles formed black crust with scalloped shape, which is formed on the rejection of an ulcer (gangrenous form). In rare cases, in addition to the rash along the nerves, there is diffuse rash bubble-like elements of chickenpox. Herpes zoster may be localized in the course of any sensory nerve, intercostal and more specific branches of the trigeminal nerve. Defeat usually unilateral. It is believed that the virus Herpes zoster initially fixed in ganglia, from which is transferred to the skin of perineural lymphatic spaces. Herpes zoster can occur at any age, but children under 10 years is extremely rare. Forecast favorable, relapses are observed. Treatment. Local - lubrication alcoholic solution of aniline dyes or indifferent ointment and corticosteroid ointments with antibiotics (geokorton, oksikort etc.) General - biomitsin 0.1 g 5-6 times a day in the Techa ¬ tion 6-10 days, and aminopyrine, Analgin, intramuscular injections of vitamins for 10 days: BT (3% solution of thiamine bromide 1.0 g), B12 (cyanocobalamin 0.01% solution of 1.0 g); autohaemotherapy, ultraviolet irradiation. Obtained good results in the treatment of Herpes zoster ointments with interferon.
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