Pool Sanitation Systems – Alternatives
When you make the decision to buy or to build a swimming pool, firstly you should do your homework
about the type of pool maintenance you intend to adopt. The most widely used system is based
exclusively on the action of chlorine for the sanitation of the pool water. It has been applied for many
years in water cleaning and its capabilities to kill bacteria and algae made chlorine very popular. Organic
materials such as body lotions, oils, skin flakes or perspiration combine with chlorine and form
chloramines, which have a powerful and unpleasant smell. Chloramines can be destroyed by increasing
the concentration of chlorine, during the so called process of shocking the pool water. Chlorine has
excellent results in keeping the water free of pathogens and algae but during the time there were many
complaints regarding skin irritations, itchy eyes or breathing difficulties. This is the reason why new ways
of sanitizing the water have been developed and tested both for private and public swimming pools.
If you are allergic to chlorine or you have someone in the family who is sensitive to this substance, you
might consider looking for one of the alternative options. These days more and more swimming pools
are built to match with new systems of maintenance such as ozone or salt water systems. Ozone
generators, salt water and mineral systems require small amounts of chlorine to enhance the overall
power of sanitation. People who are usually dealing with chlorine irritation, will have no problems this
time because the quantity of chlorine is kept to a minimum. However, for those who have serious issues
like asthma and special skin sensitivity the best solution is a chlorine free method based on peroxide.
Using persulphates for the cleaning of pool water is a method which is very appreciated especially
among spa owners. The active oxygen released in the water by two tablets or a sachet of persulphates
can break down the organic residues and kill bacteria but it has a low level of efficiency regarding the
action against algae. If you use persulphates to keep the water from your pool clear, you must add
another product to inhibit the growth of algae. You should ask the local pool provider about what
algaecide matches with your pool maintenance system.
Silver and copper ions generators create a medium improper for algae due to the reaction between
chlorophyll and copper which blocks the absorption of light. The silver ions destroy bacteria but the main
disadvantage is that the electrodes from the generator must be replaced every year and they are not
cheap at all.
Before deciding which system will best suit your needs, you have to look for the benefits and the
drawbacks of each one. It is a fact that most alternatives to chlorine have an initial price higher. If you
are using chlorine and you want to switch to a non-chlorine system, it would be better to ask for the help
of a specialist in order to minimize the costs and to choose the easiest way to do it.
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