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Political Parties.ppt - Duluth High School

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Political Parties.ppt - Duluth High School Powered By Docstoc
					U.S. Political Parties

  CP Political Systems
             U.S. Political Parties:
                  Beginnings
What is a political party?
   – Organization of people who share similar ideas about the
     way the country should be governed
        Political Party Systems
• 3 Political Party Systems in the World
  1.) One Party System: Political party and the government
     are the SAME
      • Only 1 party, so no competing ideas
      • Party membership based on lineage, wealth, military
        power, religious power
      • Example: China (Communist Party)
            Political Party Systems
2.) Multi-Party System: Three or more parties compete for
   control of the government
    – Common in Europe, Israel, Japan
    – Advantage: provides voters with many different choices and ideas
    – Disadvantage: difficult for one party to get majority of votes, which
      leads to a Coalition:
    EXAMPLE – Italy (50 different govts. since WWII)

    Daisy Alliance       Sunflower Alliance          Italian Communist
    500,000 votes           450,000 votes             200,000 votes


                               Coalition
          Political Party Systems
3. Two-Party System: Two parties compete with each other to
   run the government.
    – Party system of U.S.: Democrats and Republicans
    – Advantages: Continuity
    – Disadvantages: Minority parties (third parties) receive
      little attention – focus is on two main parties
              U.S. Political Parties:
                   Beginnings




•   George Washington against political parties
     “parties serve their own interests”
     “parties not beneficial to American people”

•   Parties formed after his exit:
    1. Democratic-Republicans
    2. Federalists
            U.S. Political Parties:
                 Beginnings
• Democratic-
  Republicans
   Supported states rights
   Supported economy
    based on agriculture
   Power in hands of all
    people
   Led by Thomas Jefferson
           U.S. Political Parties:
                Beginnings
• Federalists
   Supported strong
    national govt.
   Supported economy
    based on industry
   Power in hands of
    wealthy and educated
   Led by Alexander
    Hamilton
            U.S. Political Parties:
                 Beginnings
• Federalists Breakup
   Federalists gradually
    disappear – no political
    momentum
   John Adams only party
    member to be elected
    President
   Supporters formed new
    party: Whig Party
    (1834-1856)
U.S. Political Parties:
     Beginnings
            • Mid 1820’s:
              Democratic-
              Republicans breaking
              up
            • Democratic Party
              formed to continue
              representing small
              farmers and working
              people
           U.S. Political Parties:
                Beginnings
• 1850’s: Democratic Party and Whig Party split
  over slavery
  – Pro-slavery voters form Democratic Party
  – Whigs and anti-slavery Democrats formed Republican
    Party
            U.S Political Parties:
                Beginnings
• Republican Party
   1860: Abe Lincoln
    becomes 1st Republican
    President
   Emerges as stronger of 2
    parties after Civil War

   1865-1931:Only 2
    Democratic Presidents
    elected
      Grover Cleveland
      Woodrow Wilson
           U.S. Political Parties:
              Characteristics
• Democratic Party
  – Tends to Attract
     Working people (blue
       collar)
     Liberals
     Catholics
     Minorities
     Union Members
     People in favor of
       govt. involvement in
       social policies
          U.S. Political Parties:
             Characteristics
• Republican Party
  – Tends to attract
     Businesspeople
       (white collar)
     Protestants
     Conservatives
     Non-minorities
     Non-union supporters
     People against
       govt.involvement in
       social policies
                 Democrats:
                 The Issues
• Abortion:
  – Pro Choice
  – Favors contraceptive education to prevent
    necessity of abortion
                 Democrats:
                 The Issues
• Environment:
  – Support stronger environmental laws and
    protection of nature
  – Push for cleaner air and water
  – Support funding for preservation (Everglades in
    FL; Redwoods in CA, etc…)
                    Democrats:
                    The Issues
• Gay Rights:
  – Should be protected from workplace discrimination and
    hate crimes
  – Should be given equal work benefits like more traditional
    families
  – Largely oppose President Bush’s proposal to ban gay
    marriage through a Constitutional Amendment
                 Democrats:
                 The Issues
• Gun Control:
  – Strong advocates for gun control
  – Supported both the Brady Bill and the Assault
    Weapons Ban
                    Democrats:
                    The Issues
• Health Care:
  – Push for more Heath Care funding (Medicare, Children’s
    Health Insurance Program)
  – In favor of program to ensure all Americans have quality,
    affordable health care. (100% government funded)
                     Democrats:
                     The Issues
• Foreign Policy:
  – Generally much more supportive of international agencies
    than are Republicans – support NATO and the UN
  – More skeptical of the Bush Administration’s rush to war
    than were the Republicans
  – Very skeptical of the handling of the reconstruction of Iraq
                    Democrats:
                    The Issues
• Education:
  – More funding for struggling schools is necessary
  – Highly critical of No Child Left Behind, which has been
    under funded
  – Tax money should not be used on religious schools
                     Democrats:
                     The Issues
• Social Security:
   – Fundamental right of Americans
   – Best way to protect is to maintain federal government
     control
   – Largely oppose privatizing
                     Democrats:
                     The Issues
• Welfare:
  – Support increased child care for welfare recipients so they
    are more able to work steady jobs
  – Support funding for job training so recipients will be more
    competitive in the job market
                     Democrats:
                     The Issues
• Women’s Rights:
  – For over 20 years, have been pushing to ratify the Treaty of
    the Rights of Women that arose from the Convention on
    the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against
    Women (would be a statement on America’s part saying
    that we support equal rights for all women)
                    Democrats:
                    The Issues
• Worker’s Rights:
  – Favor labor unions and workers rights
     • Includes right to organize free from harassment and the
       right to challenge employers for disability and
       discrimination cases.
  – Support worker movements to increase the minimum wage
    and worker benefits
                 Republicans:
                  The Issues
• Abortion: Pro-life; Anti-Choice
  – Prefers funding go towards marriage education and
    abstinence only campaigns
  – Have tried several times to pass statutes that would
    allow prosecution of acts that harm fetuses
                   Republicans:
                    The Issues
• Environment:
  – Favor the exploration of all resources in the U.S. for energy
    production and have generally opposed looking for more
    environment-friendly power alternatives
  – Pushed for oil drilling in ANWR, the building of more
    nuclear power plants, a shift towards the use of coal, and
    have submitted proposals that would weaken the Clean Air
    Act
                  Republicans:
                   The Issues
• Gay Rights:
  – Against giving gays equal rights in the eyes of the law
  – “We do not believe sexual preference should be given
    special legal protection or standing in law”
  – Oppose idea of gay marriage; seek to define marriage as
    union between man and woman
  – Supports amendment to the Constitution defining marriage
                  Republicans:
                   The Issues
• Gun Control:
  – Favors allowing the sale of firearms to proceed more
    easily, and with fewer safety precautions
  – Opposes any new gun-control laws
  – Fought the regulation and banning of assault weapons
                   Republicans:
                    The Issues
• Health Care:
  – Believes health care should work within the free market
    system where competition will lower the costs of
    healthcare (no federal govt. involvement)
                        Republicans:
                         The Issues
• Foreign Policy:
   – Have brushed aside
     international organizations in
     favor of unilateral policy of
     preemption
   – Bush Doctrine supports
     preemptive invasion when
     necessary to protect the
     security of the U.S.
   – Argue that the use of
     American military force is
     essential for keeping the
     world safe for Democracy
                     Republicans:
                      The Issues
• Education:
  – Support both the “No Child Left Behind” program and the
    school vouchers
  – Favor school vouchers because they think that by giving
    students more educational options, including religious
    schooling, a competitive market will be created
     • Argue public schools will be forced to improve in order to retain
       students
                    Republicans:
                     The Issues
• Social Security: Favor privatization of social security
   – Citizens will be able to opt to place portions of money that
     would have gone into Social Security into other types of
     accounts. Accounts will give the opportunity to play the
     stock market in an attempt to increase returns. (takes away
     Federal responsibility)
                    Republicans:
                     The Issues
• Welfare:
  – Favors increasing the mandatory work week for those
    receiving government assistance
  – Support cuts in child care and training funding while
    pushing $200 million for marriage education
  – Pushing for more funding for religious organizations and
    charities, which then will be responsible to caring for our
    nation’s poor
                   Republicans:
                    The Issues
• Workers’ Rights:
  – Favor the rights of businesses to maximize profits
  – Favors workers and management working together to do
    what is in the best of all involved; no outside influences
    (against Labor Unions)
  – Believes Labor Unions restrict production of businesses;
    sees it as a regulation of business
     How To Tell Em Apart
Republicans usually wear hats.




               Ronald Reagan
     How To Tell Em Apart
Democrats usually don’t.




                  Jimmy Carter
     How To Tell Em Apart
Democrats buy banned books.




                  Bill Clinton
     How To Tell Em Apart
Republicans form censorship committees, and
then read them.




                Barbara Bush
      How To Tell Em Apart
Democrats eat the fish they catch.




          FDR Fishing in Warms Springs, GA
     How To Tell Em Apart
Republicans hang them on their wall.
      How To Tell Em Apart
Republicans study the financial pages of the
newspaper.
     How To Tell Em Apart
Democrats put them on the bottom of their bird
cage.
                How To Tell Em Apart
       On Saturday, Republicans head for the golf
       course, the yacht club, or the hunting lodge.




                                               President George
President Dwight D. Eisenhower hunting
                                               W. Bush yachting
                                               and golfing.
      How To Tell Em Apart
Democrats get a haircut, wash the car, or go
bowling.




              A younger Bill Clinton bowling
     How To Tell Em Apart
Republicans have guest rooms.
     How To Tell Em Apart
Democrats have spare rooms filled with old baby
furniture.
     How To Tell Em Apart
Republicans hire exterminators
     How To Tell Em Apart
Democrats step on the bugs
     How To Tell Em Apart
Republicans sleep in twin beds – some even in
separate rooms.
     How To Tell Em Apart
That is why there are more Democrats.




               The Kennedy Family
    What Do Political Party Members Do??

•     Major function of each party is to get its candidate
      elected to office
     – Steps include
     1. Party members nominate, or name the
         candidates they want to run for office


                                       2004 Republican National
                                               Convention
What Do Political Party Members Do??

2. Party starts an election campaign
  – An effort to gather support for its candidates and inform
    voters of the party’s stand on issues
  – Requires many party workers and volunteers to perform
    dozens of job that include:
     •   Raising funds
     •   Polling voters/making phone calls
     •   Drive voters to the polls
     •   Register voters



                   John Kerry Campaigning
 What Do Political Party Members Do?

Presidential Election Campaigns
 What Do Political Party Members Do?

3. Once a party’s candidate is elected, the party helps
    the candidate organize and manage the govt.

   –   Example: When a President is elected, 100’s of
       job vacancies in govt. must be filled. Jobs usually
       filled by party members who have contributed
       time, energy and money to the campaign.

   –   Patronage: giving jobs or special favors to party
       workers
       Political Party Organization
• Political Parties are organized at every level:
   – Local Party Committee : Goal is to get candidates from
     party elected to local political office, like mayor, city
     councilman, school superintendent, etc…




        Mayor of Atlanta:
                                      Alvin Wilbanks:
        Shirley Franklin
                                      Superintendent of GCPS
    Political Party Organization
• Political parties are organized at every level:
   – State Party Committee: Goal is to get candidates from
     party elected to state political office, like governor,
     attorney general, state legislator, etc…




          Georgia Governor:
           Sonny Perdue
      Political Party Organization
• Political parties are organized at every level:
    – National Party Committee: Goal is to get candidates from
      party elected to national political office, like President,
      Senator, House Representative




                                             Georgia Representative:
                                                 John Linder
President of the U.S.:   Georgia Senator:
 George W. Bush          Saxby Chambliss
                  Third Parties
• What are Third Parties?
  – Parties representing minority opinions that challenge the
    Democrats and Republicans
  – Some successful Third Parties:
     • Populist Party – 1890’s
     • Progressive Party – split off from Rep. Part in 1912
     • Libertarian Party – third most popular party in U.S. today
                  Third Parties
• 3 Kinds of Third Parties
  – 1. Parties Tied to a Single Issue:
     Examples:
          Prohibition Party: formed in 1872 to support banning of
          alcohol in the U.S.
          U.S. Marijuana Party: formed to support the legalization of
          marijuana in the U.S.
          Green Party: formed to protect the environment
                  Third Parties
• 3 Kinds of Third Parties
  – 2. Parties Tied to a Political Belief
     Examples:
          Libertarian Party
          The Third Party
          Socialist Parties
                  Third Parties
• 3 Kinds of Third Parties
  – 3. Parties Tied to a Single Candidate
     Examples:
          Reform Party – formed around Presidential candidate Ross
          Perot in 1996
          American Independent Party – formed around Presidential
          candidate George Wallace in 1968
                      Third Parties
•   America First Party          •   Peace and Freedom Party
•   American Heritage Party      •   Prohibition Party
•   American Independent Party   •   Reform party
•   American Nazi Party          •   The Revolution
•   Communist Party USA          •   Socialist Party, USA
•   Constitution Party           •   Southern Independence Party
•   Family Values Party          •   U.S. Pacifist Party
•   Grassroots Party             •   Veterans Party of America
•   Green Party                  •   We the People Party
•   Independence Party           •   Knights Party
•   Labor Party                  •   Libertarian National Socialist Green
•   Libertarian Party                Party
•   Light Party                  •   Pansexual Peace Party
•   Natural Law Party            •   Pot Party
•   The Third Party              •   Constitutional Action Party
•   Worker’s World Party         •   American Falangist Party
                                 •   U.S. Marijuana Party

				
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