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The World’s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine

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  The World’s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine
  since 1981
           I N T E R N AT I O N A L
B 9318 E

                                                                   11-12 2012
               Test Report                                             Test Report
               DEVISER                                             HISILICON
               Jason Wu Targets the                                  Presenting the
               Rapidly Expanding Optic                                  Very Latest
               Market with a New Meter                                Development
                                                                        in Chipsets
               Test Report                                                for Digital
               PANODIC                                                    Receivers
               Alan Yu Markets a Very
               Easy-to-use Miniature Satellite     Test Report
               Receiver with Blindscan
               Test Report                              Build a
               HORIZON                                with this
               Paul Pickering Hits the Jackpot     Professional
               with the World’s First Affordable       Satellite
               Handheld DVB-T2 Meter                  Receiver
               Company Report
               Trevor Paintain Leads an 75 Year
               Old Company Successfully into
               the Digital TV Era


                                                                       Test Report
                                                           DTP2100 DVB-T
                                         The First
                                      ANDROID Box
                                                                                                                         The World’s Larges
                                                                                                                         Dig ital TV Trade Maga

                                                                                                                         since 1981

                                                                                                                          Alexander Wiese

                                                                                                                          HQ in Munich, German

                                                  Dear Readers,
I’m extremely excited that in this issue we are introducing one of         are missing. And yet another point that speaks for Android and
the first Android-based receivers. And if you read this issue of TELE-     that many users don’t even know about: the color depth with Linux
satellite a little closer, you’ll discover another article that also has   receivers is extremely limited (not the TV picture but rather the
to do with Android, to be more exact, it’s about a chipset that was        color selection in the menus). Currently this turns out to be the
developed for Android receivers. This suggests that more Android-          knockout punch if you want to use the receiver, for example, to
based receivers will soon become available.                                play games. There are no such limitations with Android; even 3D
                                                                           games are possible. In this way the Android receiver can become
What makes Android so special? We are in no way disappointed               the gaming center at home.
with Linux-based receivers and we’ve already introduced numerous
Linux devices and will continue to do so. The Linux-based system           Android is used in many SmartPhones and tablets; there are
is perfect for receivers that are optimized for TV reception. That         seemingly an unlimited number of Apps and there are drivers for
is a Linux receiver’s strong point but at the same time it’s also          almost everything. This means that a receiver with Android is
a weak spot: the demands of receiver continue to rise. Receivers           instantly understood by everyone and that every familiar App on
are becoming true media centers and this ends up highlighting the          a SmartPhone or Tablet can also be used on an Android receiver.
weaknesses of Linux receivers more and more.                               Even the swipe function can be integrated in an Android receiver,
                                                                           for example, via an appropriate remote control or you simply use a
The operating systems in Linux receivers run on chips with a single        SmartPhone with a remote control App.
kernel and quite often with a clock frequency of 300 MHz. Higher
frequencies are hard to find. Android receivers, that use a chip           The advantages of Android are not with TV reception but rather with
based on the ARM architecture, are able to use multiple kernels and        all of the additional functions that are expected in today’s modern
have a clock frequency of more than 1 GHz. In other words, Android         receivers. In the end, Android is the new Linux.
receivers are much faster and more powerful.

This enormous increase in capacity is not needed to watch TV. But
it comes into play when, for example, the PVR function in HD is
used. Another example would be a receiver’s web browser. Under                                                                Alexander Wiese
Linux it would only have a limited use; sufficient memory and Flash                                 Editor-in-Chief TELE-satellite International

                                           TELE-satellite International, PO Box 1234, 85766 Munich-Ufg, GERMANY/EUROPE
                                                               Alexander Wiese,
                                                                             Published by
                                       TELE-satellite Medien GmbH, Aschheimer Weg 19, 85774 Unterfoehring, GERMANY/EUROPE
                                                                           Németi Barna Attila
                                                                       Hard Copy Subscription
                                                          Copyright © 2012 by TELE-satellite ISSN 1435-7003
                                       TELE-satellite was established in 1981 and today is the oldest, largest and most-read digital tv trade
                                       magazine in the world. TELE-satellite is seen by more than 350,000 digital tv professionals around the
                                                               world and is available both in printed form and online.

       JIuzhOu DTP2100
       DVB-T Android Receiver ............. 14

                            hORIzON hD-T2
                            DVB-T2 Signal
                            Analyzer ........... 28

        PANODIC hDS275
        HDTV Miniature                                                         ...184

        Satellite Receiver ...................... 40


             SATLINk WS-6936
             Combo Meter for
             DVB-S and DVB-T ............... 50

                          DTT                                                                                            ...230
                          Antenna .............. 66

             DEVISER AE120
             Fiber Optic
             Meter ................................ 74

             DEkTEC DTE-3137
             Professional Satellite
             Receiver for the
             Network ............................ 82     AWARD Winning:                                             Dxer Report:
                                                         IPTV/WebTV Receivers                                       Jack Moran from
                                                         of 21st Century ............................. 146          San Diego, USA ................................ 240
        LOOkEE TV-BOx
        IPTV Receiver ........................... 96     Vitor’s Workshop:                                          Dxer Report:
                                                         Two-axis Motor Control ...................... 152          Natalino from
                                                                                                                    Jundiaí, SP, Brazil ............................. 250
                                                         Digital Technology:
                                                         New Developments ........................... 178           Satellite Dxer Overview:
                                                                                                                    Hall of Fame of Satellite
                                                         Company Overview:                                          Enthusiasts of the World .................... 262
                                                         Antenna and HDMI Manufacturer
                                                         Antiference, UK ................................ 184       DTT of the World ........................... 270
                hISILICON hI3716C
                Receiver Chip.................166        Company Report:                                            TELE-satellite history:
                                                         Digital TV Retailer                                        TELE-satellite in 1982 .................... 276
                                                         USATel, São Paulo, Brazil ................... 194
                                                                                                                    TELE-satellite history:
Feature:                                                 Company Overview:                                          TELE-satellite in 1992 .................... 278
The Wonderful World of Spark                             Best Digital TV Companies
Part 5: HbbTV .................................. 114     of the World.................................. 200         TELE-satellite history:
                                                                                                                    TELE-satellite in 2002 .................... 280
AWARD Winning:                                           Company Report:
Digital Receivers of 21st Century ........ 124           Sports Network ESPN, USA ................ 216              Satellites of the World ................ 284

AWARD Winning:                                           Company Report:                                            Global Readership of
Signal Analyzers of 21st Century ........ 134            Internet TV Provider PPTV, China ........ 230              TELE-satellite Magazine ................. 288

8                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
     TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                    ADVERTISER‘S INDEx

  8DTEk .................................... China ........................ 85       hORIzON ............................... uk ............................. 71
  ALuOSAT ................................ China ..109, 145, 151, 255                INTERBEE2012 ....................... Japan .......................119
  AMIkO .................................... hungary .................... 31         JIuzhOu ................................ China .......................292
  ANTIFERENCE ........................ uk ............................227            JONSA .................................... Taiwan .....................183
  APPLIED INSTRuMENTS ........ uSA ..........................183                     kARMACOM ............................ hungary .................... 31
  AzBOx .................................... Portugal...................291          kWS ....................................... Germany ................. 223
  AzuREShINE .......................... Taiwan ...................... 53             MFC ........................................ uSA ..........................187
  BAOTONG ............................... China ........................ 79          MICO ...................................... China .......................... 2
  BOIINGSAT ............................ China .......................103            MOTECk ................................. Taiwan .....................233
  BSD ........................................ Brazil .......................187
                                                                                     NABShOW2013 ...................... uSA ...................121, 173
  BT........................................... uk ............................237
                                                                                     OIPF ....................................... Sweden ....................243
  CABSAT2013 .......................... Dubai .......................169
                                                                                     OPENSAT ................................ Portugal...................291
  CASTOR .................................. Netherlands .............235
                                                                                     PANODIC ................................ China .......................... 2
  CCBN2013 .............................. China .......................111
                                                                                     ROGETECh ............................. China ........................ 65
  CES2013 ................................. uSA .................... 95, 155
                                                                                     SATBEAMS .............................. Belgium ...................227
  ChANGhONG .......................... China .......................... 9
                                                                                     SATCATChER .......................... uk ............................. 69
  ChINABROADCASTING .......... China .......................237
                                                                                     SATELLITEGuYS ..................... uSA ..........................237
  COMMuNICASIA2013 ............. Singapore ................. 93
                                                                                     SATSON .................................. Belgium .................... 63
  CONVERGENCEINDIA2013 ..... India ........................161
                                                                                     SBTVD .................................... Brazil .......................243
  CSTB2013............................... Russia ....................... 99
                                                                                     SCATINDIA2012 ..................... India ........................159
  DEVISER ................................ China ................. 21, 175
  DEkTEC .................................. Netherlands .............165             SEN5 ...................................... China ........................ 85

  DExING .................................. China ........................ 45        SIChuANJIuzhOu.................. China .......................292

  DIGITALTELEMEDIA ............... China .......................292                  SkYWORTh ............................ China ........................ 11

  DIShPOINTER ........................ uk ............................235            SMARTWI ............................... Denmark ................... 89
  DVBCN.................................... China .......................221         SOWELL.................................. China ........................ 57
  FTATV ..................................... Argentina.................191          SPAuN .................................... Germ... 191, 221, 233, 235
  FuLANELECTRONICS .............. China .......................... 5                 SPAuN ELECTRONIC .................Germany ......................25
  GLOBALINVACOM ................... uk ............................. 17              TEhNICB ................................ Romania ..................175
  GOOSAT.................................. China ........................ 37         TENOW ................................... China ...................... 223
  hISILICON ............................. China .......................... 4         TOPSIGNAL ............................ China ........................ 47

10 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
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                              The first worldwide optical satellite
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                                                                                                       Made for TV addicts who can never
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                                                                                                                          Today‘s absolute
                                                                                                                         best Linux Receiver


12 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —

                         AMIKo ALIEn 2
             Unbeatable combination of features and
             function – for excellent viewing pleasure!

                            JIUZHoU DTp2100
                        Cutting-edge receiver thanks
                        to Android operating system

                                                                 1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                               — 1                                                           13
TEST REpoRT                     DvB-T Android Receiver


14 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
 •	perfect integration of TV, Internet and
 •	PVR function included
 •	suitable for in-car and camping use
 thanks to 12V power unit
 •	complete with numerous helpful
 features such as pre-set timer entries for
 •	built-in MP3 jukebox with brilliant ease-
 •	Adaptive Streaming (Smooth Streaming
 and HLS)
 •	Playready Digital Rights Management

DvB-T Box
                          1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           15
TEST REpoRT                     DvB-T Android Receiver

Google’s Extremely capable
Android operating System Enters
the World of Digital Tv Reception
                                                                                                                                 Android by Google is eve-
                                                                                                                              rywhere. Looking for a

              0.55                                                                                                            smartphone, tablet or media
                                                                                                                              player? Chances are your de-
                                                                                                                              vice is run by Android.
                                                                                                                                 The small green robot that
                                                                                                                              is the Android logo adorns
                                                                                                                              an ever increasing range of
                                                                                                                              electronic equipment these
                                                                                                                              days, and it’s easy to see
                                                                                                                              why: First and foremost,
                                                                                                                              Android is a sophisticated
                                                                                                                              and reliable operating sys-
                                                                                                                              tem, which comes with its
                                                                                                                              own Google Play platform.
                                                                                                                              We’re talking about a clearly
                                                                                                                              structured marketplace here
                                                                                                                              that offers millions of apps
                                                                                                                              for download in order to add
                                                                                                                              features and functions to the
                                                                                                                              Android OS.
                                                                                                                                 At TELE-satellite we’ve
                                                                                                                              been expecting Android to
                                                                                                                              enter the market for satel-
                                                                                                                              lite, cable and terrestrial re-
                                                                                                                              ceivers sooner or later, and
                                                                                                                              now the time has come: The
                                                                                                                              first Android-based DVB-T
                                                                                                                              receiver by Jiuzhou has ar-
                                                                                                                              rived at our test center.
                                                                                                                                 This new receiver is de-
                                                                                                                              signed to impress – both
                                                                                                                              inside and outside. As soon
                                                                                                                              as you open the packag-
                                                                                                                              ing you’ll discover a device
                                                                                                                              that does not only rely on
                                                                                                                              its smart appearance. With
                                                                                                                              its white colour the DVB-T
                                                                                                                              receiver seems to suggest:
                                                                                                                              ‘Hey, you might think I’m
                                                                                                                              just another set-top box, but
                                                                                                                              in actual fact I’m a lifestyle

                                                                                                                                         JIUZHoU DTp2100
                                                                                                                                     Cutting-edge receiver thanks
                                                                                                                                     to Android operating system


16 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                                                                                     product, much like your             and offers all connection
                                                                                     smartphone or tablet’. You          options we would have ex-
                                                                                     could call it technology with       pected from a latest genera-
                                                                                     an attitude.                        tion DVB-T receiver. To be
                                                                                        Still, looks can be deceiv-      precise, you will find an RF
                                                                                     ing and a truly successful          input socket for hooking up
                                                                                     product must also shine from        the DVB-T antenna, an HDMI
                                                                                     within. All the more reason         output, an S/PDIF digital au-
                                                                                     for us to have a closer look        dio output, two USB inter-
                                                                                     at the technology used and          faces for external storage
                                                                                     to put the Jiuzhou DTP2100          media, a mini-SD card read-
                                                                                     to a demanding test.                er, an RJ45 network socket,
2                                                                                       Following our own tradi-         phone jacks for CVBS video
                                                                                     tion, we start with the front       and stereo audio as well as
                                                                                     panel: A total of four LEDs         a socket for connecting the
                                                                                     indicate the current operat-        external 12V power supply
                                                                                     ing mode (Lock, Net, Run,           unit.
                                                                                     Standby) so that users are             The last item, in particu-
                                                                                     never left in the dark as to        lar, is a welcome feature for
                                                                                     what their box is up to.            DVB-T receivers, since it is
                                                                                        The      Jiuzhou  DTP2100        only with 12V power supply
                                                                                     comes with a fairly large           that they can be used in cars
                                                                                     IR field right on the front,        or caravans as well.
                                                                                     which makes sure all com-              The remote control that
                                                                                     mands sent from the remote          is shipped with the receiver
                                                                                     control are executed swiftly        leaves us with a good first
3                                                                                    and reliably. In keeping with       impression, thanks to its
                                                                                     the general design, however,        smart key layout. Labelling,
                                                                                     this area is neatly integrat-       on the other hand, is a dif-
                                                                                     ed and does not reduce the          ferent story. We would have
                                                                                     overall appeal of the receiver      appreciated more compre-
                                                                                     at all.                             hensive and clearer label-
                                                                                        The rear panel does not          ling of certain keys for DVB-
                                                                                     fail to impress us either,          T use, as we will explain in
                                                                                                                         more detail later. Altogether,
                                                                                     1. Main menu of the Jiuzhou         the build quality and level of
                                                                                                                         workmanship of the Jiuzhou
                                                                                     2. Main DvB-T menu.
                                                                                                                         DTP2100 are quite impres-
                                                                                     3. Manual channel search.
                                                                                     4. Automatic channel search.
                                                                                                                            When you turn on the re-
4                                                                                    5. channels that should be
                                                                                                                         ceiver for the first you’re
                                                                                     deleted are only marked for
                                                                                     deletion at first. The user         not greeted by an installa-
                                                                                     has to reconfirm once again
                                                                                     before deletion actually takes      tion wizard for a change. In-
                                                                                     place.                              stead, the main menu of the
                                                                                     6. You need to press oK             DTP2100 appears on screen.
                                                                                     once again for the marked              Another thing that is pecu-
                                                                                     channels to be finally deleted.
                                                                                                                         liar is that the new Jiuzhou
                                                                                     7. Display settings.
                                                                                                                         Android receiver is split into
                                                                                     8. creating timer entries
                                                                                     reminds us of smartphone            two different areas. One
                                                                                     configuration. It is, however,      is LiveTV, which deals with
                                                                                     set up in a very user-friendly
                                                                                     way.                                DVB-T reception, and the
                                                                                     9. pvR features such as             other area takes care of all
                                                                                     timeshift viewing become            Android-based features and
                                                                                     available a soon as an              functions of the receiver.
5                                                                                    external storage medium is
                                                                                     attached to the receiver.              In line with this setup, our
                                                                                     10. Electronic program guide        test report will also first deal
                                                                                     of the DTp2100.                     with DVB-T reception, fol-
                                                                                     11. Events can be marked for        lowed by an in-depth look at
                                                                                     recording directly in the EpG.      all Android features.
                                                                                     12. A total of eight favourites
                                                                                     lists are available, all of which
                                                                                                                            Selecting LiveTV in the
                                                                                     can be renamed as required.         main menu brings you right
                                                                                     13. one of the eight favourites     to the previously watched
                                                                                     lists.                              channel or shows an empty
                                                                                     14. The built-in teletext           channel list in case no chan-
                                                                                     decoder works flawlessly.
                                                                                                                         nel search has been per-
                                                                                     15. HD channels via DvB-T
                                                                                     are processed without even          formed yet.
                                                                                     the slightest problem.                 If you want to call up all

18 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
6                     11

7                     12

8                     13

9                     14

10                    15

                              1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           19

                                                                                      functions for setting up,         actual deletion process only
                                                                                      managing and using the            taking place when you’re
                                                                                      DVB-T receiver all you need       done and want to leave the
                                                                                      to do is press the Menu but-      channel edit menu.
                                                                                      ton on the remote control.           You need to confirm your
                                                                                         Obviously, we started with     selection before channels
                                                                                      a channel search, which can       are finally deleted, so that
                                                                                      be performed either manu-         you can never remove en-
                                                                                      ally or automatically. We did     tries unintentionally. We be-
                                                                                      like the fact that – even with    lieve that’s a great idea and
                                                                                      an automatic search – you         one that could (or shall we
                                                                                      don’t need to scan all fre-       say: should) find copycats
17                                                                                    quencies (the entire VHF/         among other manufacturers
                                                                                      UHF bands are pre-set by          as well. In addition, a total
                                                                                      default) but can select or        of eight favourites lists are
                                                                                      de-select individual bands as     available, all of which can be
                                                                                      you see fit.                      individually named and ed-
                                                                                         Speed is of the essence        ited.
                                                                                      when it comes to a chan-             In the Settings menu you
                                                                                      nel search, and we have to        can adjust parameters for
                                                                                      say the DTP2100 is not re-        OSD language (with Eng-
                                                                                      ally a Formula 1 champion.        lish, Korean and Chinese to
                                                                                      It took some nine minutes to      choose from), screen aspect
                                                                                      search the entire VHF/UHF         (4:3 or 16:9) and presen-
                                                                                      ranges based on the pre-de-       tation of 4:3 content on a
                                                                                      fined frequency chart. While      16:9 panel (letterbox, pan &
18                                                                                    this does not make the Jiu-       scan).
                                                                                      zhou box a top achiever, we          It is here that the eight
                                                                                      should point out that it de-      timer slots can be edited,
                                                                                      tected all active frequencies     or new timer entries can be
                                                                                      correctly.                        created manually.
                                                                                         It’s true that the number         As expected, the Guide
                                                                                      of DVB-T channels available       menu item calls up the in-
                                                                                      in a given market pales in        tegrated electronic program
                                                                                      comparison with DVB-S re-         guide, which sports a con-
                                                                                      ception, but it’s nonetheless     venient layout and shows six
                                                                                      helpful to have a number of       program events at a time.
                                                                                      channel editing functions at      Using the cross-shaped ar-
                                                                                      hand in order to customise        row keys on the remote con-
                                                                                      the receiver according to         trol you can easily navigate
19                                                                                    your personal preferences.        within the EPG and a time-
                                                                                         With the Jiuzhou DTP2100       line bar helps you select a
                                                                                      it is possible to delete,         specific day for EPG informa-
                                                                                      move, PIN-lock or rename          tion.
                                                                                      entries, as well as to mark          Like most PVR receivers
                                                                                      certain channels for skip-        the Jiuzhou DTP2100 allows
                                                                                      ping. Whenever you want           creating a timer entry by
                                                                                      to delete channels a corre-       simply selecting the desired
                                                                                      sponding symbol is added          event in the EPG. What’s
                                                                                      to those channels, with the       more, repeat timer events
                                                                                                                        can easily be set up as well.
                                                                                      16. The titles of the current
                                                                                      and next event are shown             In everyday use the Jiu-
                                                                                      in the info bar.                  zhou DTP2100 is a pleasant
                                                                                      17. By default, each              companion. As usual a touch
20                                                                                    recording is set for a
                                                                                      duration of 120 minutes,          of the OK button calls up the
                                                                                      which can either be               channel list, which sports an
                                                                                      confirmed or adjusted after       easy to use design.
                                                                                      recording has started.
                                                                                                                           The only thing we felt was
                                                                                      18. The receiver is capable
                                                                                      of processing a wide range        annoying is the fact that
                                                                                      of different video formats.       the channel list remains on
                                                                                      19. A single touch of a           screen even after a new
                                                                                      button on the remote
                                                                                      control is all it takes to
                                                                                                                        channel has been selected.
                                                                                      delete, rename or play back       In addition, the receiver
                                                                                      recordings.                       does not insert an info bar
                                                                                      20. A timeline on the             every time a new channel
                                                                                      bottom of the screen
                                                                                      facilitates navigation            appears on screen, so us-
                                                                                      during playback.                  ers are left without informa-

 20 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
6                                                                                    26

22                                                                                   27

23                                                                                   28

24                                                                                   29

25                                                                                   30

 22                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
      TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1

tion on the current and next       feature allows to pause live
event.                             TV at any given moment and
   When looking at the re-         to continue from that pre-
mote control, there is no          cise point at a later stage.
dedicated button for EPG or        We would also have liked
calling up the info bar, and       the option to play back pre-
this is where our previous         viously recorded events di-
criticism regarding the re-        rectly in DVB-T mode. The
mote control comes into play       way this receiver is designed
again.                             you have to switch to An-
   As a matter of fact, both       droid mode before you can
an electronic program guide        do that.
and an info bar are of course        The tuner used by Jiuzhou         32
implemented in the soft-           for its Android receiver is
ware, there just aren’t the        compatible with DVB-T and
corresponding keys on the          is capable of processing
remote. You have to know           HDTV using H.264/MPEG-4.
(and remember) that you            Since such DVB-T HDTV sig-
need to press the red or yel-      nals are not available at our
low function key to access         test location we had to make
these features. The same is        use of a clever trick in order
true for teletext, which is ac-    to check out this function:
tivated with the green func-       We took a DVB-T2 frequency
tion key.                          with a few HD channels and
   For reasons of simplicity,      re-modulated those into a
Jiuzhou has opted not to la-       DVB-T signal that was then
bel the remote control for         fed to the DTP2100.                 33
the DVB-T mode, since the            Putting aside the miss-
keys assume different roles        ing labelling on the remote
in Android mode.                   control, the entire DVB-T
   As far as language selec-
tion and subtitles are con-
cerned, Jiuzhou walks along        21. HD videos? no problem for
                                   the DTp2100.
a more conventional path: A
                                   22. videos downloaded from
key labelled Track will take       the Internet can also be played
care of these adjustments.         back without a glitch.
   Since no dedicated but-         23. one of the high points
ton for the favourites lists is    of the DTp2100 is the Mp3
                                   jukebox, which even shows
available, the manufacturer        album covers.
has found a very neat way of       24. Mp3 playback.
implementing this function.                                            34
                                   25. The DTp2100 image viewer
With the channel list opened       at work.
on screen you only need to         26. This picture was never
press the yellow function          saved on our test receiver,
                                   but was loaded from Google
key to call up all available fa-   picasa.
vourites lists. You then sim-      27. Thanks to its fully-fledged
ply select your desired list(s)    web browser the receiver
                                   becomes a neat everyday tool.
in order to make them avail-
                                   28. Access to YouTube videos.
able in the standard channel
                                   29. You can search for videos
list layout. Using the Left/       directly on the receiver.
Right keys on the remote           30. Music videos receive a
then brings you right to your      special icon, making it easy for
favourites.                        them stand out from the crowd.
   Obviously, the DTP2100          31. The YouTube app
                                   comes with comprehensive            35
can easily be turned into a        configuration options.
fully-fledged PVR receiver         32. Thank to the Android
simply by attaching an ex-         operating system the receiver
                                   can be freely customised.
ternal USB storage medi-
                                   33. If the image shown has a
um. It is possible to watch        different aspect ratio than the
a second channel while one         TV panel, this can be rectified
channel is being recorded,         thanks to a dedicated menu
provided both channels are
                                   34. Apps can easily be updated,
transmitted on the same fre-       moved or deleted.
quency.                            35. The receiver can be used
   Two simultaneous record-        for all sorts of external storage
                                   media, no matter whether it’s a
ings, however, are not pos-        USB HDD, USB stick or memory
sible. The built-in timeshift      card.

                                                                             1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                           — 1                                                           23
                                                                                      part of the receiver created      fold speed, which hugely
                                                                                      a very positive impression        facilities navigation within a
                                                                                      on us. This was also helped       video.
                                                                                      by fast switching times of           The Music menu entry con-
                                                                                      around one second, which          tains the MP3 jukebox of the
                                                                                      will please channel surfers       DTP2100 and all we can say
                                                                                      no end.                           is: WOW! This feature is im-
                                                                                         The only downer is that we     pressive proof of the amount
                                                                                      could not find an option to       of time and effort Android
                                                                                      activate a +5V power sup-         developers have invested to
                                                                                      ply on the antenna input.         come up with a solution that
                                                                                      This way owners of an active      almost bursts with attention
37                                                                                    DVB-T antenna will have to        to detail.
                                                                                      keep using an external pow-          Audio files available on ex-
                                                                                      er supply.                        ternal storage media (USB
                                                                                         Now that we have dealt         or SD card) can be sorted
                                                                                      with the LiveTV entry of the      according to artist, album,
                                                                                      main menu, there are seven        title or playlist. During that
                                                                                      more entries to dive into, all    process the receiver takes
                                                                                      of which deal with Android-       into account ID3 tags and
                                                                                      based features and func-          even reads out album cov-
                                                                                      tions.                            ers, if those are integrated
                                                                                         The receiver is shipped        in the audio file.
                                                                                      with Android 2.3.4 ‘Ginger-          Thanks to the optical S/
                                                                                      bread’. Most of these fea-        PDIF or HDMI output mu-
                                                                                      tures focus on multimedia         sic is transmitted loss-free
38                                                                                    use, which is packed into         to your HiFi system and the
                                                                                      menu entries named Video,         two USB ports plus SD card
                                                                                      Music and Gallery.                reader make sure you’ll nev-
                                                                                         As we have mentioned just      er run out of memory capac-
                                                                                      above, it is not possible to      ity for your music collection.
                                                                                      play back existing record-           Using a flat-screen TV to
                                                                                      ings in DVB-T mode. To make       show photos of your last
                                                                                      up for that, users can select     holiday to family and friends
                                                                                      Video in the DTP2100 main         has become the way to go
                                                                                      menu to access a clearly ar-      in recent years. Long gone
                                                                                      ranged list of all recordings.    are the days of slides and
                                                                                      In addition to those record-      pictures printed on paper,
                                                                                      ings the receiver is capable      so it’s only natural that the
                                                                                      of playing back a multitude       Jiuzhou DTP2100 also offers
39                                                                                    of other video formats as         a presentation function. And
                                                                                      well, ranging from MPEG and       it goes without saying this
                                                                                      TS all the way to DivX, which     also works with image files
                                                                                      even worked flawlessly in         on external storage media.
                                                                                      1080i HD during our test.            Yet, there’s even more.
                                                                                         The only thing it rejected     Much more. Just picture
                                                                                      was flash video – no mat-         this: You’re at your friends’
                                                                                      ter how hard we tried the         place and the conversation
                                                                                      DTP2100 refused to play it.       starts to revolve around the
                                                                                         During playback it is pos-     trip to the mountains you did
                                                                                      sible to fast forward or re-      last month. Too bad you left
                                                                                      wind with 2, 4, 8, 16 or 32       at home the USB memory
                                                                                                                        stick with all photos on it.
                                                                                      36. Games, tools or any              No problem with the
40                                                                                    other apps – Google play has
                                                                                      millions of apps ready for        DTP2100. If you – like mil-
                                                                                      download.                         lions of users worldwide –
                                                                                      37. Before you purchase and       have also stored your photos
                                                                                      download an app you can
                                                                                      call up a detailed description
                                                                                                                        in the cloud (Google Picasa,
                                                                                      complete with screenshots.        for example) the DTP2100 is
                                                                                      38. The Facebook app allows       able to access these photo
                                                                                      you to make full use of this      albums via the Internet and
                                                                                      social network right on your
                                                                                      receiver.                         present a slideshow on the
                                                                                      39. Facebook timeline and         TV.
                                                                                      profile.                             It works as if the photos
                                                                                      40. one touch of a button         were stored locally. All you
                                                                                      on the remote and you’re          need to do is enter your login
                                                                                      all set to post a message or
                                                                                      comment.                          data and you’re ready to go.

 24 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
Compact Headend 8 / 16 x DVB-S(2) into QAM
BluBox 8 and BluBox 16
•	   8	/	16	x	DVB-S(2)	(QPSK/8PSK)	into	DVB-C	(QAM)
•	   For	the	reception	of	60/120	TV	programs	SD/HD	and
	    30/60	Radio	programs
•	   Compact	dimensions	and	high	energy	efficiency
•	   LNB	control	with	14/18	V	+	22	kHz	or	DiSEqC	
•	   Configuration	via	LAN/IP
•	   Complete	processing	of	the	transport	streams	possible
•	   All	8	/	16	output	channels	can	be	placed	individually	in	the	spectrum
•	   Two	individual	input	ports

                                                                                 Optical Transmitter
                                                                                 SOTx 1310607 NF
                   SPAROS SAT HD                                                 •	Frequency	range	of	47	...	2200	MHz
                                                                                 •	Laser	output	power:	+6	dBm
                   •	High	quality	and	bright	display	(4.3	inch)
                                                                                 •	Quattro-	and	QUAD-LNB	support
                   •	MPEG4-display	and	measuring
                   •	SCR	single	cable	switching	commands	according	to	EN	50494
                                                                                 Optical Receiver
                   •	DiSEqC	control                                              SORx 1310607 NF and SORx 1310607/1 NF
                   •	Spectrum	analysis
                   •	Robust,	impact-resistant	housing                            •	4-way	/	1-way	receiver	in	a	compact	housing
                   •	Splash-resistant	keypad                                     •	Remote	powerable	through	one	coaxial	output
Naturally, we were only too                  Apart from their brilliant              able to work with your new         apps for receiver use. The
eager to try that out and can             implementation, all the fea-               app in a matter of minutes.        pre-installed Facebook and
confirm that cloud access                 tures and functions we dis-                   Jiuzhou ships its Android       YouTube apps, however, are
works smoothly and flaw-                  cussed so far are great to                 receiver with a number of          not affected at all by this
lessly.                                   have, but can be found with                popular apps pre-installed,        problem. Both access the
   These days the Inter-                  other DVB-T receivers as                   such as YouTube or Face-           respective online services
net has become our con-                   well. It’s the Android oper-               book, for example. So even         quickly and reliably, and it
stant companion, no matter                ating system that well and                 by default you’re all set for      was above all the YouTube
whether it’s the PC at home,              truly sets this product apart              moving around in social net-       app that truly impressed us.
laptop     computer,     tablet           from its competitors.                      works. If you also want to            Users can access their user
or smartphone on the go.                     Thanks to Android the                   use Twitter, Foursquare and        account (if available) after
We’ve become used to being                DTP2100 has access to virtu-               similar services you’ll find all   providing their login data. It
online all of the time, every             ally all apps available on the             of them in Google Play.            is possible to search and sort
step of the way.                          Google Play marketplace, no                   Some apps bring to the          specific content, and if you
   Following from this, it’s              matter if they come from                   fore a minor drawback of the       want to upload your videos
only logical for Jiuzhou to               multinational software gi-                 DTP2100 – as far as Android        the app even provides that
add     Internet    functional-           ants or independent devel-                 is concerned the receiver is       option as well.
ity to its DTP2100 by im-                 opers.                                     regarded as a tablet, which           The Facebook app is a
plementing a fully-fledged                   You select an app that                  means all apps downloaded          similar treat that provides
web browser. It supports                  seems right for you and                    from Google Play act tablet-       an extremely pleasing user
Javascript, loads web pages               download it to the receiver                like as well. This means some      experience. Not only does
quickly and provides a range              – that’s all there is to it. Mil-          commands require screen            it allow you to follow your
of practical features such as             lions of apps are available                gestures (swipes, pressing a       friends’ timeline, but you
multi-window browsing.                    that way, and while many of                certain area on the screen,        can also use the message
   It only takes a few com-               them have to be purchased                  etc.) which cannot be per-         and chat features that you
mands from the remote                     there is also a substantial                formed with the remote             know from your PC or mobile
control to switch between                 free offering.                             control of the DTP2100. The        device.
windows and you can even                     Google Play can either be               same is true for apps requir-         If you need to update your
choose to save web content                accessed directly from the                 ing a GPS signal.                  own status or would like to
onto an external storage                  receiver, or you may browse                   Even though, we should          add photos or videos – just
medium.                                   the marketplace on your PC                 not put all the blame on Jiu-      go ahead, the Facebook app
   Websites you call up regu-             at                 zhou. It seems that Google         supports all these functions
larly can be moved to a fa-                  As soon as you have found               and many app developers            flawlessly.
vourites list and can then be             an app in the Google Play                  were taken by surprise by             As far as apps are con-
called up with the touch of               Store you simply press a                   the many different uses for        cerned, we discovered an-
a button. Previously visited              button on the receiver’s re-               the Android operating sys-         other handy tool for keeping
sites can be looked up again              mote control for the down-                 tem. They are now address-         on top of what might in time
using the history function                load to begin. Installation is             ing these issues and will          become a rather huge pile of
which logs all visited pages.             automatic so that you’ll be                surely adjust some of their        different apps: With the OTT
                                                                                                                        (On The Top) entry in the
                                                                                                                        main menu you can identify
                                                                                                                        apps you use most frequent-
                                                                                                                        ly and then have quick ac-
                                                                                                                        cess to them without having
                                                                                                                        to browse through all your
                                                                                                                        other apps.
                                                                                                                           Before we come to our fi-

26 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
nal verdict we should like             In addition, installed apps
to give you a brief overview        that are not required any                                       TEcHnIcAL
of the numerous configura-          longer can easily be deleted
                                                                         Manufacturer               Sichuan Jiuzhou Electric Group Co., Ltd.
tion options that are avail-        with a few commands sent                                        6F, Jiuzhou Electric Building, Southern No. 12 Road
able with this Android-based        from the remote control.                                        Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen
DVB-T receiver. On the one             Obviously, users can fac-                                    Guangdong 518057, China
hand these deal with Inter-         tory-reset the receiver in           Tel.                       +86-755-26947128
net and network access, and         case something goes wrong            Email            
on the other hand we’re talk-       or if they want to have a
                                                                         Model                      DTP2100
ing about basic settings for        fresh start with their box.
                                                                         Function                         & Android STB
language, screen resolution            Even more helpful is the
and app management.                 possibility to save all set-         Input frequency            177.5 - 226.5 MHz and 474 - 858 MHz

   While we did find the WLAN       tings onto an external                       compatible         no
option in the network menu          storage medium, which is             HDTv support               yes (up to 1080i in MPEG-4 AVC/ H.264)
of the Jiuzhou DTP2100 we           something we genuinely ap-           Input terminal             RF-type
were unable to activate             preciate. This way it only
                                                                         HDMI                       yes
wireless Internet access            takes a couple of seconds to
during our test. When we            restore the entire system if         CVBS, Stereo Audio         yes

looked at the hardware com-         worse comes to worst.                S-video                    no
ponents inside the casing              In a nutshell, we can con-        SD card Reader             yes
we could not detect a corre-        clude that combining a digi-         Ethernet                   yes
sponding chipset or antenna         tal receiver with the Google
                                                                         USB 2.0                    yes (2x)
either, which meant our test        Android operating system
                                                                         RS232                      no
receiver had to go online via       was a smart move by Jiu-
cable to our network.               zhou. It seems to us that            pvR Function               yes

   As far as resolution is con-     this is the way to go towards        Android version            2.3.4 „Gingerbread“
cerned the DTP2100 offers           the future, and even for the         power supply               12V, 1.5A
576i and SECAM in standard          manufacturer this decision
definition, as well as 720p         comes with many advan-
and 1080i in high definition.       tages: Jiuzhou can focus on                                           EnERGY
Unfortunately, 1080p is not         its core competence (DVB-T                                             DIAGRAM
available. The configuration        reception in this case), while
options are complemented            Android covers all extra de-                                   Apparent power

by language selection and           mands by users.
date and time settings.                The Jiuzhou DTP2100 was
   It is here in particular that    the first Android receiver we
it becomes evident how truly        ever tested, and we can only                                   Active power
global Android has become,          congratulate Jiuzhou on such
since you will find correct         a successful implementation
entries for almost all corners      of a groundbreaking idea.
of the world.                          Granted, there are some                                                            Mode
                                                                                                                                   Apparent Active Factor
                                                                                                                                   14.5 W   8W     0.55
   Once apps have been in-          software tweaks that need
stalled on the receiver the         to be looked at, but those
operating system can be set         are peanuts and can easily
to download updates as soon         be rectified with one of the
as they are available.              upcoming software updates.           15 minutes of active use with TV, Internet, recording, playback,
                                                                         etc., followed by 15 minutes in standby mode.

                      Expert opinion                                             MoRE ABoUT THIS coMpAnY
    The Jiuzhou DTp2100 is a combination of                                         

    rock-solid DvB-T receiver and endless pos-
    sibilities offered by the Android operating

+   system. Apart from flawless DVB-T reception,
    this product therefore shines with numerous
                                                      Thomas Haring
    multimedia features and allows installation         TELE-satellite
                                                          Test Center
    and use of almost all apps available from the             Austria

    Googly play marketplace. The build quality of
    the DTp2100 is excellent and its design will add an elegant
    touch to any Tv rack. Thanks to 12v power supply this And-
    roid receiver is perfectly suited for mobile use as well, or any
    other place without a mains socket.

    The labelling of keys on the remote control could be impro-
–   ved. no power supply for active antennas directly from the
    antenna socket.

                                                                               1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                             — 1                                                                            27
TEST REpoRT                      DvB-T2 Signal Analyzer


•	Comfortable channel scan
that recognizes every usable
•	Capable of localizing 4G
•	Measurement export function
makes possible measurement
•	Long-life batteries
•	Additional “Star” rating feature
makes this instrument suitable for

28 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           29
TEST REpoRT                      DvB-T2 Signal Analyzer

one of the First
DvB-T2 Signal Analyzers
  The transmission of high-                  that signal analyzer manu-                 as the DVB-T/T2 signal in-       tery in case of longer peri-
resolution channels (HDTV)                   facturers have to keep pace                put (naturally the analyzer is   ods of inactivity.
using the classic terrestrial                with these developments                    also backwards compatible           Thanks to this intelligent
distribution method in DVB-T                 and upgrade their products                 to DVB-T).                       construction and the two
is only possible on a limited                to the latest technology.                     Power to the analyzer is      charging methods, Horizon
basis. Thanks to the sub-op-                                                            supplied by two connections,     can virtually guarantee that
timal bandwidth usage only                     Horizon has once again                   one is a normal AC connec-       the user won’t wake up to a
a few HD channels can be                     taken charge and is one of                 tion on the back of the ana-     dead battery or run into any
broadcast on those few fre-                  the first companies in the                 lyzer that is rated for 100-     surprises while on the job.
quencies.                                    world to market a DVB-T2                   240VAC, and the other is a          And last but not least,
  It’s for this reason that                  compatible signal analyzer.                12VDC jack on the right side     there’s also a USB interface
DVB-T’s    successor    DVB-                   Horizon has stayed true to               of the housing which can be      for connection to a PC.
T2 is gaining popularity in                  form in terms of the appear-               used with the included ciga-        The analyzer needs about
many countries: this stand-                  ance of this new signal ana-               rette lighter adapter. In this   2-3 hours for it to be com-
ard guarantees not only the                  lyzer; it resembles all of the             way you can use any power        pletely charged. Before us-
highest possible error cor-                  other analyzers that have                  outlet with the HD-T2 as well    ing it for the first time, Ho-
rection and thereby a very                   been made over the years.                  as the power outlet in your      rizon recommends charging
small likelihood of interfer-                  It consists of a plastic                 car.                             the HD-T2 at least for this
ence in the transmitted sig-                 housing 17 x 16.5 x 6 cm in                   And while we’re on the        time, perhaps one or two
nal, but also very efficient                 size with a 5 x 2.5 cm LCD                 subject of power sources,        hours more if possible. This
bandwidth usage allowing                     display (128 x 64 pixels) on               obviously, power doesn’t         makes sure that the as-yet-
providers to achieve much                    the front side. Alongside the              need to be connected while       unused battery can provide
higher data transmission                     display are five buttons to                the analyzer is in use; it has   its full capacity.
rates on a single frequency.                 operate the analyzer and an                an internal Li-Ion battery
  It only makes sense then                   “F” jack on the front serves               rated at 2.4 Ah that reliably       At only 1200 grams (2.6
                                                                                        powers the analyzer any-         Lbs), the new Horizon sig-
                                                                                        where you need it.               nal analyzer is comfortably
                                                                                           The rechargeable battery      light and is delivered from
                                                                                        is located on the underside      the manufacturer in a black
                                                                                        of the unit and is easy to       synthetic carrying case that
                                                                                        access behind a flap. This       can be fitted with a carry-
                                      HoRIZon HD-T2
                                 One of the world’s first DVB-T2                        makes it simple to swap out      ing strap also included in the
                                        signal analyzers
                                     with exceptional data                              the battery if needed or to      package.
                                       completely remove the bat-          This allows the user to

30 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
1                                                         9                                                            17

2                                                         10                                                           18

3                                                         11                                                           19

4                                                        12                                                            20

5                                                        13                                                            21

6                                                         14                                                           22

7                                                        15                                                            23

8                                                        16                                                            24

32 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
     have both hands free while      tions. All in all, the shipping    tic or on the roof in bright         off brings up the configura-
     using the analyzer. Thanks      package and its workman-           sunshine.                            tion display. This method
     to the synthetic carrying       ship left us with a very posi-        The HD-T2 operates with a         helps to prevent unknowing
     case, the HD-T2 is nicely       tive impression. Horizon has       total of three labeled buttons       or accidental changes to the
     protected from rain, sprin-     once again shown their dedi-       (ON, OFF and OK) and two             settings.
     klers and dirt.                 cation to quality.                 unlabeled buttons whereby
                                        After powering it up, the       four of them make up a cross           A multitude of settings
       A Quick Start Guide leaflet   background lighting for the        and the OFF button does              capabilities are available in
     as well as a detailed user      perfectly readable display         more than meets the eye.             the configuration menu. It
     manual describe in detail       comes on that works great          Holding down the OFF but-            all starts with the brightness
     all of the new HD-T2’s func-    whether you’re in a dark at-       ton with the analyzer turned         and contrast of the display,

25                                            1. HD-T2 Basic Settings                           measured frequency as identified by the
                                              2. The Sleep Timer can help to pre-               HD-T2 with the pLp label on the display
                                              vent accidental discharging of the                12. Spectrum display for UHF channel 60
                                              battery; the HD-T2 accepts incoming               13. Spectrum display for UHF channel 60
                                              signals for measurement starting at               and also the adjacent channels
                                              39 dBuv
                                                                                                14. Detailed display of UHF channel 60
                                              3. The HD-T2’s battery is fully
                                              charged, the frequency plan for the               15. The constellation diagram shows a
                                              test location Austria has been loaded             tight symmetrical example, the recipe for
                                                                                                an interference-free signal
26                                            4. HD-T2 Main Menu
                                                                                                16. The Log channel function stores the
                                              5. Selection of available transmitter             reception values of the currently selected
                                              locations by means of frequency                   frequency
                                              lists supplied by Horizon
                                                                                                17. One of our artificially generated DVB-T2
                                              6. You either select the broadcasting             signals with a significantly attenuated
                                              location directly from the entire list            signal level and also with errors introdu-
                                              or you limit it to your own region                ced – the values displayed on the HD-T2
                                              7. Measurement of a DvB-T2 signal                 are correspondingly poor
                                              (UHF channel 60)                                  18. In manual scan mode bars indicate
27                                            8. MER and BER of a DvB-T2 signal                 improved orientation for the active fre-
                                              9. 5 stars signify an absolutely per-             quency
                                              fect signal                                       19. The Log All function searches the
                                              10. Technical details of a DvB-T2                 entire frequency range and stores all of
                                              signal; note the SISo label for Single            the reception parameters of any active
                                              Input / Single output                             frequency that is found
                                              11. The physical Layer pipe con-                  20. The Favorites function allows quick
                                              cept is being used on the currently               access to the most recently selected
                                                                                                broadcasting location
                                                                                                21. Three spectrum modes as well as the
28                                           31                                                 constellation diagram are available
                                                                                                22. The Slope Test function displays both
                                                                                                of the active DvB-T2 frequencies next to
                                                                                                each other in bar graph form
                                                                                                23. The Slope Test function displays the
                                                                                                signal levels of the two active DvB-T2 fre-
                                                                                                quencies next to each other, the user can
                                                                                                instantly see the difference in the signal
29                                           32                                                 24. The HD-T2 can supply power to exter-
                                                                                                nal antenna amplifiers with +5V or +12V
                                                                                                25. An artificial DVB-T2 signal generated
                                                                                                by us is measured with perfect signal
                                                                                                26. Technical details of the artificial
                                                                                                DvB-T2 signal we generated
                                                                                                27. Artificially induced errors in our signal
                                                                                                did not bother the HD-T2 at all
30                                           33                                                 28. comparison measurement of UHF
                                                                                                channel 24 with the HD-T2
                                                                                                29. MER and BER of UHF channel 24 with
                                                                                                the HD-T2
                                                                                                30. comparison measurement of UHF
                                                                                                channel 24 with a professional analyzer
                                                                                                31. comparison measurement of UHF
                                                                                                channel 34 with the HD-T2
                                                                                                32. MER and BER of UHF channel 34 with
                                                                                                the HD-T2
                                                                                                33. comparison measurement of UHF
                                                                                                channel 34 with a professional analyzer

                                                                                 1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                               — 1                                                            33
an audible confirmation tone                during a lunch break.
with the push of every but-                   In order to make the HD-T2
ton and the selection of the                attractive to as many users
desired signal level units                  as possible, Horizon made
(dBµV, dBmV, dBm) and                       the OSD display available in
goes all the way to setting                 12 different languages.
a level at which the analyzer                 Once we set up all of the
defines a signal as accepta-                settings exactly the way we
ble and attenuation settings                wanted to, we could hardly
that can be set to 10, 20 or                wait to start using the HD-
30 dB.                                      T2. In no time at all we had
                                            the analyzer connected to
  Ideally,    the    analyzer               our VHF/UHF antenna on
should be left in the factory-              the roof of our test center
set Auto mode in which the                  and with excited fingers we
HD-T2 automatically sets the                pressed and held the “ON”
optimal value. An integrated                button until the HD-T2 came
sleep timer that is settable                to life.
between 1 and 30 minutes                      Unlike signal reception
and can be activated if need-               via satellite, the DVB-T/
ed so as to prevent acciden-                T2 frequencies for a given
tal draining of the battery if,             programme are completely
for example, you should for-                different for each regional
get to turn off the analyzer                transmitter (exceptions to
                                                                                                                       this are countries with a
                                                                                                                       single frequency network
                                                                                                                       – SFN) so that the same
                                                                                                                       broadcaster, for example, in
                                                                                                                       southern Austria transmits
                                                                                                                       on a different frequency,
                                                                                                                       say, in eastern Austria.
                                                                                                                          But Horizon was fully
                                                                                                                       aware of this anomaly with
                                                                                                                       DVB-T/T2      reception    and
                                                                                                                       provides prefabricated fre-
                                                                                                                       quency plans for various
                                                                                                                       regions of the world. These
                                                                                                                       frequency plans, for exam-
                                                                                                                       ple, for Ireland, Italy, Great
                                                                                                                       Britain, The Czech Republic,
                                                                                                                       Poland, Denmark, Germany,
                                                                                                                       Australia, South Africa, Aus-
                                                                                                                       tria, etc., are available from
                                                                                                                       Horizon’s website www.hori-
                                                                                                              and are eas-
                                                                                                                       ily loaded onto the analyzer
                                                                                                                       through its USB port.
                                                                                                                          We’ll explain more about
                                                                                                                       this later, but for now suffice
                                                                                                                       it to say that these lists can
                                                                                                                       be transferred from a PC to
                                                                                                                       the HD-T2.

                                                                                                                         Through the first menu
                                                                                                                       selection “Choose Transmit-
                                                                                                                       ter”, the user has access to
                                                                                                                       precisely this frequency data
                                                                                                                       from which either the de-
                                                                                                                       sired region is first selected
                                                                                                                       and then the local broad-
                                                                                                                       casting location or the DVB-

34 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
    T/T2 broadcasting location         active frequencies in a re-          which frequencies at what
    is selected directly from the      gion are actually read and           signal level in the VHF and
    entire list. For Great Britain,    processed.                           UHF bands are actually ac-
    users can even choose their           Because of this, an in-           tive and for which it would
    reception region by enter-         staller won’t need to have           make sense to run a scan.
    ing in their local postal code;    a frequency table with him
    it’s a feature that is not yet     during an antenna installa-             In complete and quick
    available for other regions of     tion and can instead rely on         scan modes, the analyzer
    the world.                         the information stored in his        stops automatically at every
                                       signal analyzer.                     active frequency, emits a
      You might be asking your-                                             short confirmation tone and
    self right now why all of this       A    complete    frequency         begins to analyze the fre-
    work to select a desired           scan starts at the lower end         quencies just identified as
    broadcasting region is even        of the VHF band and ends             active.
    necessary. The answer is ac-       at the upper end of the UHF             Shortly thereafter, the
    tually quite simple: it saves      band. In manual frequency            name of the broadcaster ap-
    you a lot of time and effort!      scan mode the user simply            pears on the screen (assum-
    In addition to a complete fre-     needs to select the desired          ing of course if a matching
    quency scan and a manual           transmission mode (Analog,           frequency plan was previ-
    frequency scan, the HD-T2          DVB-T or DVB-T2) and then            ously uploaded into the ana-
    also has the ability, thanks       the desired frequency. A             lyzer) and shows at the bot-
    to the preprogrammed fre-          spectrum overview makes              tom of the display whether
    quency data, to perform a          the selection easier and             the signal is analog, DVB-T
    quick scan in which only the       identifies with a bar graph          or DVB-T2.
                                                                               With the help of the “ON”
1   2                                  1. The HD-T2 is recognized           button the user can now
                                       by Windows via the USB
                                       serial port; the necessary           page through the various
                                       drivers are automatically            measurement results which
                                       installed                            includes the signal level, sig-
                                       2. new frequency tables are          nal quality, the MER (Modu-
                                       always made available in
    3                                  .exe format. The user simply         lation Error rate), the BER
                                       has to start the program and         (Bit Error Rate) as well as
                                       then click on “Transfer”. In         some basic signal informa-
                                       just a few seconds the files
                                       on the pc are transferred to         tion such as the name of the
                                       the analyzer                         Mux, the modulation in use,
                                       3. The HD-T2 Log Reader              symbolrate and FEC.
    4                                  works very simply: just                 For those less experienced
                                       connect the analyzer to the
                                       PC, start the Log Reader and         users, Horizon included a
                                       then click on “Read”                 five-star signal rating fea-
                                       4. The data was successfully         ture where one star rep-
                                       transferred                          resents the weakest signal
                                       5. The Logger data stored in         and five stars the strongest
                                       the analyzer is displayed on
                                       a pc in an organized manner          signal. All of these measure-
                                       and can easily be exported           ment results are, of course,


                                                1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
              — 1                                                           35
                                                                                        the fact that the HD-T2 in       scan will take a little longer.
                                                                                        DVB-T2 mode can also read          By the way, IQ Swap is
                                                                                        the service parameters of a      used in only very few re-
                                                                                        frequency so that, for ex-       gions.
                                                                                        ample, Single Input / Sin-
                                                                                        gle Output is identified with      In Spectrum Mode, the HD-
                                                                                        the label SISO, Multi Input      T2 can provide an overview
                                                                                        / Single Output is labeled       of the selected frequencies;
                                                                                        with MISO and if the Physical    Horizon has integrated a to-
                                                                                        Layer Pipe concept is being      tal of three display modes:
available for the manual, au-               in a dedicated list allow-                  used, the label PLP appears.     Spectrum Channel, Spec-
tomatic and quick scans.                    ing the user to access them                   The IQ Swap function,          trum Wide and Spectrum
   We also found the Fa-                    more quickly. This greatly                  that is data streams with        Narrow.
vorites function very prac-                 simplifies the work of an in-               exchanged vectors, is also         In    Spectrum    Channel
tical. It lets the user store               staller.                                    quite new. If this function is   mode the currently select-
more popular broadcasters                     Also worth mentioning is                  activated in the HD-T2, the      ed channel is presented in

36 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
relatively full-screen mode                 manufacturers forget to in-                 definitely appreciate the           The pictures in this test
in the center of the display                clude but that always seems                 Slope Test function in the        report show an acceptable
and Spectrum Wide displays                  to create an unnecessary                    HD-T2 when it comes to the        difference is signal level of
a large segment of the entire               and avoidable problem for                   installation of more compli-      just a few dBµV.
spectrum.                                   installers.                                 cated systems with multi-
   Spectrum Narrow shows a                                                              ple users and lengthy cable          Thanks to the USB inter-
small segment of the spec-                     The Logger function is an                runs.                             face on the side of the HD-
trum around the desired                     absolute highlight of this                     If the signal varies due to    T2, the user can easily link
frequency. The spectrum                     analyzer especially for those               multiple amplifiers and split-    the analyzer to a PC so that
display is refreshed at a fast              professional users that have                ters or if there are longer       new frequency lists and up-
enough rate so that it can                  to submit a report of their                 cable runs with less than ad-     dated firmware can be up-
easily be used during the                   work. It can optionally pro-                equately shielded cable, this     loaded.
alignment of an antenna.                    vide the signal measurement                 could lead to a sloping signal       This interface can also
It includes the FM and DAB                  values of all the active fre-               level within the frequency        be used to transfer stored
bands as well as the VHF and                quencies and then performs                  range to be carried. That         Logger data back to a PC
UHF bands.                                  an automatic scan across                    is, higher frequency signals      for further processing. The
   The HD-T2’s constella-                   the entire VHF/UHF band                     could be more attenuated          necessary drivers to estab-
tion diagram display turns                  for analog, DVB-T and DVB-                  and lower frequency signals       lish this link are available
out to be especially useful                 T2 signals or lets the user                 could be less attenuated ul-      directly from Microsoft for
when trying to track down                   manually select a frequency                 timately leading to reception     all Windows versions and in-
the source of interference                  whose signal parameters                     problems in the higher fre-       tegrated into the operating
signals such as those that                  then end up in the HD-T2’s                  quency ranges.                    system. All that’s needed is
might be generated by 4G                    memory.                                        With the help of the Slope     to connect the analyzer to a
data connections. You can                      With the help of special                 Test function, this type of       free USB port on the PC and
recognize at a single glance                Windows software (HD-T2                     problem can instantly be          to allow Windows to auto-
whether the form of the dis-                Log Reader), this informa-                  recognized. The analyzer          matically find the necessary
played signal is regular and                tion can be transferred to                  utilizes the frequency plan       drivers.
tight or if it’s a disturbed,               a PC where it can be saved,                 selected in “Choose Trans-           If for some reason the
irregular signal display as                 exported or printed out.                    mitter” and displays the          drivers are not installed au-
the result of external inter-                  And if, for example, the in-             signal level values of all the    tomatically, they can also be
ference. The pictures in this               stallation involves distribut-              frequencies in the plan next      loaded manually from the
test report show a clean and                ing the signal to multiple us-              to each other. The HD-T2          Internet via Horizon’s web-
well received signal in the                 ers, the installer can check                calculates the signal level       site as
constellation diagram.                      the signal levels at all the                difference between the cur-       can the HD-T2 Reader soft-
                                            endpoints (such as at wall                  rently selected frequency         ware and any new firmware.
  We also like the fact that                outlets) and present an Ex-                 and all the other active fre-     This is especially important
the HD-T2 can also power                    cel table as proof of his ex-               quencies. This lets the user      since Horizon is constantly
external antenna amplifiers                 cellent work.                               see at a single glance the        at work further developing
with +5V or +12V; a fea-                                                                extent of the signal level dif-   their products and regular-
ture that all too many other                  Professional installers will              ference.                          ly releases new versions to

■ An Excel table with the Logger data from our HD-T2 test analyzer

38 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                                                                                               Expert opinion
take care of any bugs as well    HD channels on a UHF carri-                Reacts very quickly to signal changes, pro-
as add new features.             er frequency and fed this to               cesses DVB-T, DVB-T2 and analog signals.
                                 the HD-T2. Even as we inten-               Its ease of use, low weight and practical car-
   In our tests, the HD-T2       tionally deteriorated the sig-             rying case makes it a joy each time to use the
was recognized without any       nal, it did not affect the new             HD-T2. Thanks to the constellation diagrams,
problems by our Windows 7        Horizon analyzer; it contin-               interference signals can easily be identified;
test PC and after only a few     ued to show the correct and
                                                                   +        with the help of the complete scan and the
                                                                                                                                Thomas Haring
                                                                                                                                    Test Center
                                                                            spectrum display even frequencies that were
seconds was linked to our        appropriate measurements                                                                               Austria
                                                                            up until then unknown could be identified, read
PC. Horizon makes new fre-       – even the star ratings given
                                                                            and processed. The Logger function makes possible the cre-
quency tables and firmware       by the HD-T2 became less                   ation of a complete measurement protocol while the Slope test
available in .exe format so      and less until finally only one            helps in the identification of sloping signal levels.
that the user merely has to      star remained.
start the .exe file and then                                       –        none
click on the “Transfer” but-       Last but not least, we
ton – it really doesn’t get      were especially curious how
any easier than this.            the HD-T2 would compare to
                                 another professional signal         Manufacturer            Horizon Global Electronics Ltd, First Floor Office
  We set up a total of three     analyzer. Since this other                                  Allen House, Edinburgh Way, Harlow, Essex
test scenarios for the HD-T2:    analyzer could only process                                 CM20 2HJ, United Kingdom

the first was an adjustment      DVB-T signals, we could not         Tel.                    +44-1279-417005

of a UHF antenna, the sec-       perform this comparison             Email         
ond was the measurement          test with DVB-T2 signals.           Model                   HD-T2
of DVB-T and DVB-T2 signals        As you can see with the           Function                Digital Meter for Analogue,         and         Signals
that we generated using a        pictures accompanying this          Input frequency         48 - 862 MHz
modulator and thereby were       test report, the measured                   compatible      yes
able to induce correspond-       signal levels are virtually         Modulations             QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, 256-QAM
ing error bits, the third was    identical. This speaks highly       carriers                      : 2k/8k
comparison measurements          of the quality of the Horizon-                                      : 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 8k+Ext, 16k, 16k+Ext, 32k, 32k+Ext
of analog and DVB-T signals      built tuner and complements         Guard Intervals               : 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32
using an analyzer from an-       the exceptional impression                                          : 1/4, 19/256, 1/8, 19/128, 1/16, 1/32, 1/128

other manufacturer.              that we received from this          code Rates                    : 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
                                                                                                     : 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6
   Adjusting a UHF antenna                                           Bandwidth               5, 6, 7 and 8 MHz

with the HD-T2 was a simple        Even the transferring of          pLp Mode                SISO / MISO

as it could be; thanks to the    the Logger data stored in the       pLp constellation       Automatic and indicated with ( R )
preprogrammed frequency          analyzer functioned without
                                                                     Display                 128 x 64 Pixel
lists we were able to find       any problems. It was really
the right broadcaster for our    fun using the HD-T2, espe-          oSD Languages           English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Polish,
                                                                                             Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Finish
location in just a very short    cially the exporting of data
                                                                     RF-Input                F-Type (75 Ohm impedance)
time and with the help of the    in CVS format, and thus to
                                                                     USB port                yes
very sensitive signal param-     MS Excel, is an extremely
                                                                     power supply            100-240V AC, 12V DC
eter measurement the an-         practical feature.
tenna was set to its optimal                                         Battery                 2.4 Ah Li-Ion

position in no time at all.        In conclusion we want to
   We were then able to iden-    congratulate Horizon on an-                  MoRE ABoUT THIS coMpAnY
tify all the DVB-T and DVB-      other superb product that            

T2 signals; even a weak          bolsters the reputation of
DVB-T2 test signal from the      the company. The HD-T2 has
Austrian ORF, that up until      all the functions that a pro-
then we didn’t know about,       fessional installer would ex-
came into view.                  pect, is exceptionally easy to
   Thanks to the sensitive in-   use and at only 1200 grams
put of the tuner, even small     (2.6 Lbs) is very lightweight.
changes to the antenna po-         Thanks to the powerful
sition were instantly regis-     battery the HD-T2 can be
tered on the HD-T2 making        used uninterrupted for up to
it very easy to optimally po-    six hours along with its ex-
sition the antenna.              ternal power sources.
                                   In our tests the HD-T2
  Next we modulated a DVB-       proved itself many times
T2 signal with a total of four   over.

                                                                             1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                           — 1                                                                              39
TEST REpoRT                      HDTv Miniature Satellite Receiver


40 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
•	Small receiver with small remote control
•	Optimized menu guidance with very few
•	Works with BlindScan
•	Easy channel list administration
•	Ability	to	turn	on	the	receiver	to	a	specific	

                                  1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           41
TEST REpoRT                      HDTv Miniature Satellite Receiver

A Small
but nice
                                                                                                                                             panodic HDS275
                                                                                                                                         Best designed mini-receiver
                                                                                                                                               for the best HD

HDTv Receiver

   With its slim dimensions                 that can be used to turn the                the receiver with your anten-              than the regular scan using
of only 27 x 16 x 4.7 cm, the               receiver into a PVR if it’s con-            na. The HDS275 supports the                preprogrammed transpond-
Panodic HDS275 will easily                  nected to an external USB                   DiSEqC 1.0 and 1.1 protocols               ers.
fit into any TV environment;                storage device.                             and can therefore be used on                  The main menu of the
thanks to its plain black cabi-                The remote control in-                   antennas with up to 16 LNBs.               HDS275 is divided into six
net it blends in nicely with                cluded by the manufacturer,                    Thanks to the individually              categories          (Installation,
the background.                             just like the receiver, is very             settable LOF, the receiver is              Channel, Preference, Set-
   The front panel shines in                small and the pressure points               compatible with C-band and                 ting, AV and Game) and is
its simplicity and, in addition             for the buttons are clearly                 Ku-band antennas as well                   very nicely arranged.
to a segmented display that                 marked. The arrangement                     as any other type of recep-                   The Installation section
shows the current time or                   of the individual functions                 tion system. Panodic even                  takes you to the reception
the currently selected chan-                at first glance might seem                  thought about those users                  settings and the search for
nel number, it sports six but-              a little unorganized, but you               with SCR single-cable solu-                new channels. Compared to
tons that can be used to con-               should get used to it after a               tions and offers the neces-                the initial installation assis-
trol the receiver without the               short time.                                 sary parameters for that kind              tant, it also provides the abil-
remote control. A status LED                   The Panodic HDS275 is not                of setup.                                  ity to drive DiSEqC 1.2 and
that switches between green                 only small on the outside, it’s                The manufacturer was very               1.3 motorized antennas.
and red indicates to the user               also ‘small’ on the inside. The             successful in the implemen-                   From here the user can
the current operational sta-                installation assistant that                 tation of the channel scan’s               also modify and expand the
tus of the receiver (red =                  appears the first time the                  graphical presentation; it is              preprogrammed satellite and
standby, green = on).                       receiver is turned on only                  available in transponder, sin-             transponder lists as they see
   Hidden behind a flap is a                offers three choices: time,                 gle satellite, multi-satellite             fit. It’s a feature that we were
CI slot for use with PayTV                  language and channel scan.                  and blind scan modes.                      happy to play around with.
services; it can accept all                    Because of this the in-                     The regular scan of HOT-                   The Channel section is to-
the standard CI modules (for                stallation is completed very                BIRD at 13° east found 1498                tally dedicated to editing the
example, Irdeto, Viaccess,                  quickly. The first two options              TV channels and 394 radio                  channel list. With nearly 2000
Conax, etc.).                               take no time at all. As is typi-            channels in a reasonable                   channel entries added by our
   Unlike most other modern                 cal, the HDS275 can also au-                eight minutes. A BlindScan                 test scan of the HOTBIRD
receivers, the HDS275 comes                 tomatically set the internal                of the same satellite resulted             satellite, it’s a feature you
with a Scart connector for                  clock directly from the in-                 in 1466 TV channels and 390                really can’t do without. With
use on older TVs. Of course,                coming satellite signal.                    radio channels in 12 minutes;              the help of the colored func-
all the other connections                      For the language selection               it needed a little more time               tion buttons on the remote
you’d expect to find are all                option, the Panodic offers a                and found fewer channels                   control, individual channels
there: HDMI, YUV and CVBS                   representative cross-section
outputs are all available. The              of all the more important Eu-
audio output is available on                ropean languages.
a coaxial digital audio output                 It gets more exciting in the
as well as on two analog RCA                Channel Scan menu. Panodic
outputs.                                    included a preprogrammed
   Since the HDS275 is a                    list of 24 satellites and cor-
DVB-S/S2 receiver, there’s                  responding       transponders.
also the typical IF tuner in-               Unfortunately, this list is not
put along with its associated               all that up to date. However,
looped-through output as                    we did like the wide variety of
well as a USB 2.0 interface                 settings capabilities to match

42 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
1                                                               4

2                                                               5

3                                                               6

can be deleted, moved and         Panodic also kept in mind     1. panodic HDS275’s initial settings
renamed as well as sorted al-   that kids might be in the       2. Antenna settings
phabetically, by FTA/CAS or     household; individual chan-     3. channel scan on HoTBIRD
CAS/FTA. This makes it very     nels can be locked out with a   4. channel list
                                                                5. The Info bar shows the content of the
easy for the user to organize   PIN code to keep those curi-
the nearly 4000 possible en-    ous eyes from seeing some-
                                                                current program but not the next program               0.58
                                                                6. Main Menu
tries in the channel list.      thing they shouldn’t.

                                                                          1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                        — 1                                                           43
7                                                                                    12

8                                                                                    13

9                                                                                    14

10                                                                                   15

11                                                                                      7. Satellite and transponder data can easily be edited
                                                                                        8. Even the DiSEqc 1.2 and 1.3 protocols are supported allowing
                                                                                        the control of motorized antennas
                                                                                        9. The user can match the channel list to his personal tastes in the
                                                                                        channel Manager
                                                                                        10. The Boot on channel option lets the receiver always start with
                                                                                        a predefined channel
                                                                                        11. Language settings
                                                                                        12. pvR settings
                                                                                        13. In addition to a video resolution of 720p, resolutions up to
                                                                                        1080p are possible
                                                                                        14. Five integrated video games pass the time during commercial
                                                                                        15. Integrated Teletext decoder

44 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                                                                                           There are also eight freely     by an Auto-standby function
                                                                                        loadable Favorites lists that      that can be automatically ac-
                                                                                        round out our overall positive     tivated after a user-settable
                                                                                        impression of the channel          one, two or three hours and
                                                                                        list editing capabilities of the   by the individual adjustment
                                                                                        HDS275. In this way, every         of contrast, brightness, satu-
                                                                                        family member can set up           ration and color tone of the
                                                                                        their own Favorites list with      displayed video signal. After
                                                                                        their favorite channels.           our extensive excursion in-
                                                                                           In addition to typical set-     side the new HDS275’s menu
                                                                                        tings such as OSD language         structure, it was finally time
17                                                                                      and time, the Basic settings       to have a closer look at this
                                                                                        menu also comes with some          receiver’s everyday opera-
                                                                                        interesting extras.                tion.
                                                                                           One of those is the ‘Option        A push of the OK button
                                                                                        Boot on Channel’ setting that      on the remote control dis-
                                                                                        lets you program the receiv-       plays, just like with almost
                                                                                        er to go to a specifically de-     any other receiver, the chan-
                                                                                        fined channel every time the       nel list. The channel list with
                                                                                        receiver is turned on and not      the HDS275 is presented in a
                                                                                        just the channel that was last     nicely organized fashion and
                                                                                        viewed. Not only that, you         can be limited to only FTA or
                                                                                        can also select the maximum        CAS channels.
                                                                                        size of any recorded data             We also liked the running
18                                                                                      (1,2,3,4 GB or Unlimited).         ticker used for lengthy chan-
                                                                                        It lets you elegantly bypass       nel names. In this way you
                                                                                        that problem of maximum            can see the entire name of
                                                                                        4GB file sizes in FAT32 for-       a channel instead of just the
                                                                                        matted storage devices.            first set of characters that
                                                                                           As far as PVRs go, the          happen to fit. Channel surf-
                                                                                        HDS275 shines; in addition to      ing is a pleasure with the
                                                                                        standard PVR functions, the        HDS275; less than one sec-
                                                                                        Panodic can also automati-         ond is needed to switch be-
                                                                                        cally add an already started       tween channels. With the pic-
                                                                                        recording to the Timeshift         ture and audio quality there
                                                                                        cache memory. The size of          was also nothing to complain
                                                                                        the Timeshift can also be ad-      about but we really didn’t ex-
19                                                                                      justed by the user.                pect any less from Panodic.
                                                                                           Before closing the main            Thanks to the receiver’s
                                                                                        menu and watching TV, the          128 MB main memory and
                                                                                        user should take one more          its 4 MB Flash memory, the
                                                                                        look in the Settings menu.         receiver reacts very quickly
                                                                                        Since the receiver supports        to commands from the re-
                                                                                        resolutions via HDMI in 480p,      mote control. After switching
                                                                                        480i, 576p, 576i, 720p, 1080i      to a new channel, an Info bar
                                                                                        and 1080p modes, it is capa-       appears momentarily at the
                                                                                        ble of providing full HD sig-      bottom of the screen provid-
                                                                                        nals to modern TVs.                ing data on the current pro-
                                                                                           All of these settings capa-     gram but not the next pro-
                                                                                        bilities are further enhanced      gram.
20                                                                                                                            Aside from that, the Info
                                                                                        16. HD channels can easily be
                                                                                        recorded                           bar also shows other typical
                                                                                        17. The Mp3 player can also        data such as the current time
                                                                                        process and display cover art      and the encryption method
                                                                                        18. The integrated media player    used. To get an overview of
                                                                                        supports all the common
                                                                                        formats                            the currently available pro-
                                                                                        19. The media player can           grams, a simple push of the
                                                                                        also play back full HD videos
                                                                                        without any problems               EPG button on the remote
                                                                                        20. The channel list can be        control is needed to display
                                                                                        limited to individual satellite    all the programming infor-
                                                                                                                           mation from the provider.
                                                                                                                           The display of the EPG can be

46 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
either a grid showing seven                 another channel live. It will               TURKSAT at 42° east as well        Rat, Go Bang, Sudoku) to help
channels or it can be limited               also let you watch a prere-                 as relatively weak signals like    pass the time during those
to the complete EPG display                 corded program while re-                    those on BADR at 26° east          long commercial breaks.
of a single channel. Natural-               cording another program.                    that flirt with the thresh-        Since the manufacturer is
ly, timer entries can be pro-                 Overall we thoroughly en-                 old level of the receiver. In      constantly at work improving
grammed directly from the                   joyed the PVR features. But                 both cases the HDS275 was          the HDS275’s software, any
EPG. This helps to guaran-                  there’s more. As you would                  able to handle the requested       updates that become avail-
tee that you won’t miss that                expect with any namebrand                   tasks and left us with a very      able can be uploaded into the
blockbuster movie or that                   receiver, the Panodic box                   favorable impression. SCPC         receiver either via the exter-
next installation of your fa-               uses the attached storage                   reception was interference         nal storage device or directly
vorite TV series.                           device to not only record and               free starting at 2.0 Ms/sec.       via satellite.
   A total of only ten timer                play back TV and radio pro-                 and signals with a C/N of 5          All in all, we had a lot of fun
entries can be filled; it would             grams, it also serves as the                dB could be displayed with-        putting the Panodic HDS275
be nice if the manufacturer                 storage device for the MP3                  out any large dropouts.            through the ringer. It is an-
could improve this number                   jukebox, the picture viewer                   The HDS275 is further sup-       other excellent example of
to 20 entries or perhaps even               and the media player.                       plemented by an integrated         a successful concept that in
more.                                         All of these functions were               teletext decoder (that also        this case involves not only
   As soon as an external                   conceived by Panodic with                   functioned correctly in our        the miniaturization of the re-
storage device is connected                 great detail. The MP3 player,               tests) as well as five video       ceiver and remote control,
via the USB 2.0 port, the                   for example, can automati-                  games (Box Man, Tetris, Hit        but also its menu operation.
receiver can begin record-                  cally recognize integrated
ing SD as well as HD chan-                  cover art for a song and then
                                                                                                                   Expert opinion
nels. During a recording, the               display it. The media player
channel list is reduced to the              supports the DivX (AVI),                         Living room compatible receiver with all the
                                                                                             necessary everyday features. Stable and
number of available channels
and since the receiver only
                                            VOB, MPEG and TS formats
                                            and can also process full HD
                                                                                      +      sophisticated software that functions without
                                                                                             any problems.
has one tuner, it would be                  content effortlessly.
those channels that are on                    As is standard during our                      The Info bar should show the EpG data from      Thomas Haring
the same transponder. While                 tests, the HDS275’s tuner, a               –     the current and upcoming program.
                                                                                                                                                 Test Center
it’s not possible to record two             Sharp S7HZ7306A, also had
channels at the same time, it               to undergo strenuous tests
will quite happily record one               such as with narrowband
channel and let you watch                   SCPC signals like those on

48 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                                                               Manufacturer                          Panodic, 12/F Grentech Building, Keji C Road 3rd,
                                                                                                     Nanshan, Shenzhen 518057, China
                                                               Model                                 HDS275
                                                               Function                                    /       Receiver
                                                               Input frequency                       950-2150 MHz
                                                               Supported standards                         ,      , QPSK, 8PSK
                                                               Scpc                                  yes (> 2 Ms/s)
                                                               EpG                                   yes
                                                               video resolution                      480p, 480i,576p,576i,720p, 1080i, 1080p
22                                                             RS232                                 no
                                                               Ethernet                              no
                                                               USB 2.0                               yes
                                                               HDTv                                  yes
                                                               MpEG4/H.264                           yes
                                                               Supported oSD languages               English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Greek,
                                                                                                     Portugiese, Russian, Dutch, Czek, Swedish, Turk


                                                                                Apparent power


                                                                                Active power

                                                                          Mode           Apparent Active Factor
                                                                          Active           12 W     7W    0.58
                                                                          StandBy           2W     0.7 W  0.35

                                                               The first 15 minutes in active operation with channel switching, PVR
                                                               recording and playback; the second 15 minutes in standby mode.

                                                                       MoRE ABoUT THIS coMpAnY
 21. one of the multiple audio tracks can be
 22. EpG overview of a total of seven
 23. The complete programming guide of a

                                                                        1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                      — 1                                                                          49
TEST REpoRT                     combo Meter for DvB-S and DvB-T


                  •	suitable for measuring DVB-S and DVB-T
                  •	integrated blind scan for satellite signals as
                  special treat
                  •	can be used as receiver as well, if required
                  •	suitable for alignment of motor-controlled
                  •	very precise presentation of measuring

50 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           51
TEST REpoRT                      combo Meter for DvB-S and DvB-T

The ‘one-Stop’ Meter
   When it comes to launch-                  meter. Baotong has even                 in battery of the WS-6936,        monitor, which forms the
ing signal meters, most                      packed      a    fully-featured         a charger for in-car use, as      centrepiece of the meter. As
manufacturers have always                    DVB-S/DVB-T combo receiv-               well as an AV cable for con-      our test revealed, the man-
opted for one of the follow-                 er into such a small device.            necting the device to an ex-      ufacturer did not only go for
ing two marketing strate-                      Thanks to its size and er-            ternal monitor.                   sheer size, but chose a truly
gies: Either the meter is                    gonomic shape the Satlink                 Look at the new Satlink         excellent LCD panel too. It
particularly small and easy                  WS-6936 sits nicely in your             WS-6936 for the very first        can even be read in direct
to carry along, with only a                  hand, with a foldout pedes-             and the feature that will         sunlight, and in a dark at-
limited range of features                    tal assisting use and read-             strike you most is a 4.3-inch     tic it genuinely shines. On
in exchange, or it is fully-                 ability on flat surfaces.
fledged with a correspond-                     The meter is wrapped with
ing size and weight. Baotong                 a bright yellow protective
engineers have embarked                      rubber shell which – in com-
on a path towards a third                    bination with the included
category: small and packed                   water-repellent        carrying
with features. The Satlink                   bag – keeps out dust, dirt
WS-6936 is the outcome of                    and moisture and protects
all their efforts, and we have               the device from damage
taken a closer look at how                   during regular use. The car-
it performs with everyday                    rying bag comes with a con-
jobs.                                        venient strap.
   The meter measures 12.5                     In addition to bag and
x 20.5 x 4.5 cm and only                     strap, the meter is shipped
weights 0.66 kg, yet it is                   with the obligatory power
so much more than only a                     unit for charging the built-


                                       Satlink WS-6936
                            Very easy to use signal meter which also
                                       serves as receiver.


52 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —


3                                                                                    the topside of the casing         which is placed on the lower
                                                                                     Baotong     has    positioned     left side of the signal meter.
                                                                                     the signal inputs for DVB-        It is required for turning on
                                                                                     S (F-socket) and DVB-T (RF        and off the device – what a
                                                                                     socket), while the left side      welcome change from all the
                                                                                     features two connectors for       keys and buttons which are
                                                                                     video output and video in-        so common these days in
                                                                                     put.                              combination with software-
                                                                                        Wait a second – a meter        controlled switching.
                                                                                     with a signal input? You bet.        A total of five LEDs are lo-
                                                                                     Not only can the WS-6936          cated below the display and
                                                                                     provide the video signal of       indicate operating mode, 22
                                                                                     the currently received chan-      kHz signal, control voltage
                                                                                     nel to an external monitor, it    (13/18V), signal lock and
4                                                                                    can also act as a monitor for     battery charging. This way
                                                                                     an external receiver or sig-      all important parameters of
                                                                                     nal source!                       the meter are available to
                                                                                        On the bottom side you can     users at a single glance.
                                                                                     find the socket for the exter-       Apart from the keypad
                                                                                     nal power supply unit as well     and cross-shaped naviga-
                                                                                     as a USB port for updating        tion buttons there are four
                                                                                     the meter’s software and for      unlabelled function keys for
                                                                                     uploading new satellite and       controlling the WS-6936. As
                                                                                     transponder data. We did          usual, these function keys
                                                                                     like the fact that the manu-      can assume different roles
                                                                                     facturer has even thought of      depending on the operat-
                                                                                     a mechanical power switch,        ing mode. The current func-

5                                                                                   6

54 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —


tions are indicated in the on-      the mains.                        10
screen display.                       The amount of attention to
   Baotong has equipped             detail that the manufacturer
the WS-6936 with a built-           has put into this device is
in 3000 mAH Li-Ion battery          shown in many ways, and we
pack, which is capable of           would like to highlight one
powering the meter for up           by way of example: Antenna
to five hours per cycle, af-        installers frequently work in
ter a charging time of six          darkish under-roof environ-
hours when connected to             ments, and it’s mostly in

1. Main menu of the Satlink WS-6936
2. System settings
3. System settings
4. All parameters of the selected satellite can be adjusted, if       11
required, before the spectrum display is activated
5. Comprehensive, pre-stored satellite list
6. A number of LOF values (for the Ku and C bands, for example)
are already pre-set for selection
7. ScR unicable solutions are supported as well
8. complete display of the spectrum
9. Spectrum display (complete)
10. 108 MHz excerpt of the spectrum around the 11078 MHz fre-
11. 540 MHz excerpt of the spectrum around the 11078 MHz fre-
12. Apart from signal level and signal quality bars, the meter also
gives out the desired satellite’s azimuth and elevation values as
well as numerical values for BER, signal level and C/N (MER)

7                                                                     12

                                                                              1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                            — 1                                                           55


                                                                                     such a situation that some-        play. The multimedia and
                                                                                     thing is dropped acciden-          system     settings     entries
                                                                                     tally. How to find it again        complement        these    four
                                                                                     without     sufficient  light-     items. As you surely will
                                                                                     ning? With the WS-6936,            have guessed, we were ea-
                                                                                     of course! Simply press the        ger to look at all configura-
                                                                                     F1 button for three seconds        tions options in more detail.
                                                                                     and as if by magic an LED             A total of nine OSD lan-
                                                                                     flashlight that is built into      guages are available to
                                                                                     the rear panel comes on.           make sure user and WS-
15                                                                                   What a smart solution!             6936 are on equal terms.
                                                                                        The meter is shipped with       The received TV signal can
                                                                                     a PDF manual on CD. In ad-         be shown on the integrated
                                                                                     dition to the manual, this CD      monitor either in 16:9 or 4:3
                                                                                     also includes three sets of        format, and the coordinates
                                                                                     pre-programmed satellite,          of the current location can
                                                                                     transponder and frequency          be keyed in – something
                                                                                     data for Europe, America           that is of high importance
                                                                                     and Asia. Our test meter           for everyday use as a me-
                                                                                     came with all data for Eu-         ter, since it is only with this
                                                                                     rope already pre-installed,        information available to the
                                                                                     so we did not need to do           device that it can assist in
                                                                                     all the initial programming        correctly aligning the anten-
                                                                                     and were ready to rumble in        na to any available satellite
16                                                                                   next to no time.                   position.
                                                                                        Under the bonnet, this             The duration of the key-
                                                                                     meter is driven by a 32-bit        pad backlighting can be set
                                                                                     processor clocked at 133           individually, even though we
                                                                                     MHz, which is perfectly ca-        recommend setting this as
                                                                                     pable of swiftly perform-          short as possible to econo-
                                                                                     ing all required jobs. When        mise on battery usage.
                                                                                     looking at its core design         Even without backlighting
                                                                                     concept, the WS-6936 re-           the keys can be read easily,
                                                                                     sembles a combo receiver           so there is no practical need
                                                                                     and it comes as no surprise        for being wasteful.
                                                                                     that users are first greet-           To round off the settings
                                                                                     ed by a main menu that is          options, it is possible to se-
                                                                                     made up of six items.              lect which way the signal
17                                                                                      Two entries each deal with      level should be presented
                                                                                     DVB-S and DVB-T, namely            (dBµV, dBm, dBmV) and to
                                                                                     with signal reception/meas-        define the local time zone.
                                                                                     urement and spectrum dis-          In addition, it is here that

                                                                                     13. Full-screen numerical presentation of signal level and
                                                                                     signal quality
                                                                                     14. Transponder search on TURKSAT 42° East
                                                                                     15. Thanks to the Tp manager all transponder data stored in the
                                                                                     meter can easily be edited
                                                                                     16. DiSEqC protocols toneburst, 1.0 und 1.1 for static antennas
                                                                                     are supported
                                                                                     17. DiSEqc 1.2 and 1.3 are also implemented by the manufactu-
                                                                                     rer for motorised antennas

56 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —





58 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —

                       new channel lists and up-           bandwidth between 108 and
                       dated firmware can be load-         540 MHz or may opt for full
                       ed onto the device with a           spectrum display instead.
                       single touch of a button, and         The same is true for the
                       users can decide to save all        polarisation and the 22 kHz
                       internal date onto an exter-        signal, which can be set or
                       nal storage medium.                 changed with a single touch
                         As soon as you call up the        of a button. Thanks to the
                       spectrum display in DVB-S           function keys below the
                       mode the meter immedi-              screen users can adjust
                       ately displays all pre-stored       bandwidth, polarisation and
                       satellite entries, which in         frequency band settings on
24                     our case comprised 26 of            the fly, without having to
                       the most popular orbital            make a detour via the set-
                       positions between 75° East          tings menu.
                       and 30° West. The LOF of              Once the required fre-
                       the used LNB can either be          quency is marked with the
                       selected from a list of stand-      help of the arrow keys –
                       ard values or can be entered        with Up/Down changing the
                       manually – hats off to that         y-axis of the display and
                       convenient option.                  therefore the signal level
                         Users of SCR unicable so-         scale – a press on the F4
                       lutions will be very pleased        function key initiates a sig-
                       to find out that the manufac-       nal search.
                       turer does not leave them in          We noticed during our
                       the dark either by offering         test that the spectrum dis-
25                     all required parameters for         play reacts very swiftly to
                       selection. The new Baotong          any signal changes. This is
                       meter comes with all control        particularly important for an
                       adjustment options, such            initial rough antenna align-
                       as DiSEqC 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3        ment, and we cannot praise
                       and toneburst.                      such immediate feedback
                         The pros among our read-          highly enough.
                       ership will surely have con-          If you need access to all
                       cluded from DiSEqC 1.2 and          adjustment options for sat-
                       1.3 that the meter must             ellite reception/signal meas-
                       definitely be compatible            uring the DVB-S entry in the
                       with DiSEqC motors, and of          main menu will open that
                       course they are absolute-           door for you. Here you can
26                     ly right. The WS-6936 is a          edit satellite and transpond-
                       perfect match for motorised         er lists, start signal scans
                       antennas and will control all       and rename, change, add
                       movements as required.              or delete individual satellite
                         Thanks to the manufac-            and transponder entries.
                       turer pre-installed tran-           The sky’s the limit, and we
                       sponder database the meter          mean it.
                       allows selecting a specific           Using the Quick Search
                       frequency even before the           function you are able to
                       spectrum is displayed. In           perform a manual chan-
                       such a case the frequency           nel search on a pre-defined
                       is called up directly and           frequency. It goes without
                       locked. Users can select any        saying that all adjustment

27                     18. voltage of up to 24v can be provided to external signal ampli-
                       19. DvB-T spectrum display with frequency selection
                       20. DvB-T spectrum display with channel selection
                       21. Active DvB-T frequency in enlarged presentation
                       22. DvB-T frequency check for detecting signal tilt by checking the
                       signal levels of several frequencies
                       23. DVB-T measurement mode – here again, signal level and signal
                       quality are indicated as bars, and numerical values are given for
                       BER, signal level and C/N (MER)
                       24. DvB-T channel search
                       25. The image viewer reproduces the directory structure of our
                       USB memory stick
                       26. Image viewer
                       27. Overview of all image files available in the directory

                              1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           59
options available in the                  acoustic aid is also provid-               15 minutes for its comple-        EPG data of a channel for up
spectrum mode (LOF, fre-                  ed, which is a high-pitched                tion. Thanks to blind scan,       to seven days in advance.
quency, DiSEqC, etc.) are                 signal beeping in increasing-              however, all active tran-            If you make use of the AV
available here as well.                   ly short intervals, the better             sponder were found and            output of this handy little
   Once the selected fre-                 the signal quality becomes                 we ended up with a total of       meter you can easily turn
quency is keyed in manually               (with a permanent signal                   1891 TV channels and 567          it into an excellent receiver
or selected from the pre-                 indicating optimum antenna                 radio stations. In case you       on your next camping trip,
programmed list a window                  alignment). This allows an-                wonder why a signal meter         for example. Thanks to this
pops up with two bars that                tenna alignment even with-                 comes with an integrated          one-stop solution you can
visualise signal level and                out a direct line of sight.                channel search at all we          use the device for correct-
signal quality. In addition,                 Once the antenna is posi-               should like to draw your at-      ly aligning your antenna at
the meter provides the sig-               tioned in a way that the sig-              tention to the second oper-       first, and for SD TV recep-
nal level, the C/N ratio and              nal quality and signal level               ating mode of the WS-6936,        tion later.
the Bit Error Rate (BER) as               bars show sufficient values                namely that of a combo re-           The range of functions in
numerical values.                         (both of which can also be                 ceiver with all features and      DVB-T mode is identical to
   Now we realise why the                 zoomed into a full-screen                  functions you would expect        DVB-S mode, with the ex-
WS-6936 wanted to know                    mode, complete with nu-                    for DVB-S/T reception.            ception of pre-stored fre-
the coordinates of the loca-              merical values), users can                    Simply press the OK but-       quencies, which obviously
tion right at the start in the            start a scan on the currently              ton or the F1 function key        are different. We did appre-
initial settings menu. The                selected transponder or on                 for the channel list to open,     ciate that the manufacturer
meter shows the correct az-               the entire satellite.                      and every time you select         has thought of power supply
imuth and elevation values                   We tested the full satel-               a new channel an info bar         for an external signal ampli-
of the antenna for reception              lite scan with Hotbird at 13°              shows information on the          fier – 5V, 12V or 24V can be
of the desired satellite. An              East and had to wait some                  new channel. The overall          selected to accommodate
                                                                                     channel list can be restrict-     virtually all solutions.
                                                                                     ed to a certain channel, or          Thanks to specifying the
                                                                                     the technical parameters          country in which the meter
                                                                                     of an entry can be called         is being used the frequency
                                                                                      up with the help of func-        list is adjusted to reflect the
                                                                                       tion keys. If you’re look-      local situation. Like for DVB-
                                                                                        ing for editing functions      S, the Quick Search func-
                                                                                         you have become used          tion is available for DVB-T
                                                                                          to from DVB-S/T receiv-      as well, and the same is true
                                                                                           ers you will find them      for spectrum display. It re-
                                                                                            in the WS-6936 as          acts just as swiftly to signal
                                                                                             well – channels can       changes as in DVB-S mode
                                                                                              be deleted, moved        and      therefore    provided
                                                                                               or renamed at the       great help in correctly align-
                                                                                                touch of a button.     ing a UHF antenna for test
                                                                                                 The F3 function       purposes. The cross-shaped
                                                                                                  key takes care of    navigation buttons can be
                                                                                                   language selec-     used in spectrum mode to
                                                                                                    tion, while F4     either select a specific fre-
                                                                                                     calls up the      quency or particular chan-

                                                                                                                       28. The Mp3 player reproduces
                                                                                                                       the directory structure of our
                                                                                                                       USB memory stick
                                                                                                                       29. Using the function keys the
                                                                                                                       entries on the channel list can
                                                                                                                       be restricted to specific satelli-
                                                                                                                       tes or DvB-T channels
                                                                                                                       30. Selecting an audio track
                                                                                                                       31. EpG presentation for up to
                                                                                                                       seven days in advance
                                                                                                                       32. comprehensive channel
                                                                                                                       information, including signal
                                                                                                                       level and signal quality
                                                                                                                       33. Signal measurement on
                                                                                                                       BADR 26° East (11919H)
                                                                                                                       34. Signal measurement on
                                                                                                                       BADR 26° East (11919H) with
                                                                                                                       professional reference meter
                                                                                                                       35. Signal measurement on
                                                                                                                       TURKSAT 42° East (11096H)
                                                                                                                       36. Signal measurement on
                                                                                                                       TURKSAT 42° East (11096H)
                                                                                                                       with professional reference
                                                                                                                       37. Selecting a new satellite or
                                                                                                                       transponder list

60 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
28                    33

29                    34

30                    35

31                    36

32                    37

                              1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           61
nel, something we found                   list fully automatically.                  side-by-side    presentation      recognised reliably and then
extremely helpful in our                     In order to make sure a                 of their parameters (signal       eliminated.
test. The meter performed                 signal tilt caused by ampli-               level and signal quality). On        As always, we created a
flawlessly when prompted                  fiers, distributors or long                a single screen it is possible    number of scenarios for our
to read a user-defined fre-               cables etc. does not distort               to show up to five channels       practical test, starting with
quency or even the entire                 a measurement result the                   at the same time. Using the       aligning a 90cm antenna to-
reception range, if required.             WS-6936 offers the option                  arrows keys it is possible        wards TURKSAT 42° East,
All channels that are found               to select several frequen-                 to switch between screens.        then setting up a DiSEqC
are saved onto the channel                cies at once and creating a                This way a signal tilt can be     motorised dish and finally
                                                                                                                       aligning a UHF antenna for
                                                                                                                       optimum DVB-T reception.
                                                                                                                          We began with entering
                                                                                                                       the coordinates of our lo-
                                                                                                                       cation and selecting TURK-
                                                                                                                       SAT as our target satellite.
                                                                                                                       Thanks to the spectrum dis-
                                                                                                                       play and the azimuth and el-
                                                                                                                       evation values provided by
                                                                                                                       the WS-6936 it was child’s
                                                                                                                       play to correctly position
                                                                                                                       our antenna. The ultimate
                                                                                                                       fine-tuning was achieved
                                                                                                                       with the help of the sig-
                                                                                                                       nal level and signal quality
                                                                                                                       bars, so that our first job
                                                                                                                       was completed in next to no
                                                                                                                          In most cases, the align-
                                                                                                                       ment of a motorised anten-
                                                                                                                       na requires a meter plus a
                                                                                                                       satellite receiver with DiS-
                                                                                                                       EqC 1.2 and 1.3 compatibil-
                                                                                                                       ity. This has changed with
                                                                                                                       the arrival of the WS-6936:
                                                                                                                       Thanks to a wise decision by
                                                                                                                       Baotong both functions are
                                                                                                                       packed into a single prod-
                                                                                                                       uct. This takes the scare
                                                                                                                       out of installing motorised
                                                                                                                       antennas and in our test we
                                                                                                                       only took a little over half an
                                                                                                                       hour to arrive at a perfectly
                                                                                                                       aligned motorised antenna
                                                                                                                       for reception of all positions
                                                                                                                       between 75° East and 30°
                                                                                                                       West, at least as far as the
                                                                                                                       measurement results indi-
                                                                                                                       cated by the WS-6936 are
                                                                                                                          But then again, are those
                                                                                                                       results 100% trustworthy or
                                                                                                                       does the manufacturer give
                                                                                                                       out glossed over results?
                                                                                                                       We performed the same
                                                                                                                       test with a much more ex-
                                                                                                                       pensive professional meter
                                                                                                                       and as you can see in the
                                                                                                                       screenshots, we arrived at
                                                                                                                       almost the same values. So
                                                                                                                       the WS-6936 actually did a
                                                                                                                       brilliant job.
                                                                                                                          Please note, however,
                                                                                                                       that while the WS-6936
                                                                                                                       does say that one of the
                                                                                                                       signal quality values indi-
                                                                                                                       cates C/N, this value is ac-

62 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                                                                                     to display video from an ex-                 lored to the region in which
                                                                                     ternal source on the meter’s                 the meter-receiver combo is
                                                                                     screen. Surveillance camera                  used.
                                                                                     anybody? Hook it up to the                      Everybody in our test
                                                                                     video input and add another                  center thoroughly enjoyed
                                                                                     function to this neat device.                working with the Baotong
                                                                                     Thanks very much, Baotong!                   Satlink WS-6936. It’s a
                                                                                        The    firmware   of   the                smart combination of preci-
                                                                                     Satlink WS-6936 can eas-                     sion meter and fully-fledged
                                                                                     ily be updated via an exter-                 DVB-S and DVB-T combo
                                                                                     nal USB storage medium.                      receiver. Thanks to the inte-
                                                                                     Simply download the latest                   grated multimedia features
                                                                                     firmware version from the                    it is also possible to show
                                                                                     Internet, save it onto the                   images and play back MP3
                                                                                     storage medium and attach                    audio.
                                                                                     the storage medium to the                       The measurement func-
                                                                                     meter. The same is true for                  tions of the WS-6936 are
                                                                                     the factory pre-installed                    sophisticated and very pre-
                                                                                     satellite, transponder and                   cise. The tuner used by the
                                                                                     frequency lists which can                    manufacturer reacts swiftly
                                                                                     also be updated from the                     to any signal changes and
                                                                                     Internet or copied from the                  thanks to an intuitive and
                                                                                     CD that is shipped with the                  user-friendly OSD interface
                                                                                     meter, and than transferred                  it is possible to use the me-
                                                                                     to the device via a USB stor-                ter without having to study
                                                                                     age medium. This way each                    the manual for hours. All
                                                                                     user has access to satellite                 this makes the WS-6936 a
                                                                                     data referring to his specific               genuinely worthwhile alter-
                                                                                     location. In addition, DVB-T                 native to many of its much
                                                                                     frequency lists are also tai-                more expensive peers.

tually the Modulation Error               ter you’re all set for hours of
                                                                                                                Expert opinion
                                                                                             DvB-S/DvB-T combo receiver and signal
Rate (MER) and therefore                  viewing pleasure.
                                                                                             meter as one-stop solution. Low-threshold
must not be compared with                    Up until some years ago,
                                                                                             and highly precise tuner. LcD display with
the C/N value presented by                MP3 playback and image
our reference meter. Finally,             viewing had been the do-                  +        excellent readability. High overall build qual-
                                                                                             ity. Easy to use, hence a perfect tool also for
we tried to align a UHF an-               mains of stationary PCs.
                                                                                             beginners, even though it also features all
tenna for DVB-T reception                 These days, however, you’d                                                                                        Thomas Haring
                                                                                             functions required by professionals.                             TELE-satellite
and once again our verdict                be hard pressed to find a                                                                                             Test Center
is that you can hardly ac-                receiver without those func-
complish such a task more                 tions, and the WS-6936 is                 –        HDTv channels cannot be watched.

easily and quickly than with              no exception. Obviously,
the WS-6936.                              the manufacturer Baotong
  Now that the WS-6936                    wanted to be right up there                                                       DATA
has proven its worth in the               with the best and treated its               Manufacturer              Fujian Baotong Science&Technology Co.,Ltd
realm of signal measuring,                meter-cum-receiver combi-                   Tel.                      86-595-28106302
we were particularly curious              nation to an image viewer
as to how it would perform                and an MP3 jukebox.
                                                                                      Model                     Satlink WS-6936
in the TV reception field. To                Here too, the integrated
                                                                                      Function                  Digital Meter & Receiver for          and       Signals
that end, we used an RCA                  AV output comes very handy
                                                                                      Input frequency           47 - 862 MHz & 950-2150 MHz
cable to connect the meter                for presenting photos on a
with the TV panel at first.               flat-screen TV or for play-                        /     compatible   no

  The device does not come                ing back audio on the HiFi                  Modulations               QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM
with a remote control, but if             system. Content can be fed                  Symbol rates              2-45 Ms/s
you use a cable with suffi-               to the WS-6936 via the USB                  DiSEqc                    yes (Toneburst, 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3)
cient length you can easily               port that is located on the                 Bandwidth                 5, 6, 7 and 8 MHz
do without. The size of the               bottom of the device. Any                   Display                   4.3 inch
meter is so small it can al-              storage medium will do, no                  oSD Languages             English, French, German, Portugese, Spanish,
most be mistaken for a re-                matter whether it’s a USB                                             Italian, Czech, Greek
mote control anyway.                      memory stick or an external                 Signal-Input              F-Type & IEC
  The WS-6936 can be used                 USB harddisk.                               USB port                  yes
to conveniently access all                   There’s     another     ex-
                                                                                      power supply              100-220V AC, 12V DC
required functions and if                 tra special treat this new
                                                                                      Dimensions                12.5 x 20.5 x 4.5 cm
you use the power supply                  Satlink meter has in store
                                                                                      Weight                    0.66 kg
unit of the car charging unit             for its users: It comes with
                                                                                      Battery                   3000 mAH Li-Ion
that is shipped with the me-              a TV input that can be used

64 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
TEST REpoRT                     DTT Antenna


66 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
      Indoor /

   •	can be mounted indoors and outdoors
   •	flexible	mounting	for	horizontal	or	
   vertical signals
   •	excellent design
   •	good workmanship

                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           67
TEST REpoRT                     DTT Antenna

                                                                                                                 TELE-satellite focuses usually on sat-
                                                                                                              ellite dishes rather than terrestrial an-
                                                                                                              tennas. However, as the digital switch-

Antenna In an
                                                                                                              over takes place almost everywhere in
                                                                                                              the world, a new interest in terrestrial
                                                                                                              reception arises. And it often entails a

                                                                                                              need for a new terrestrial antenna. If
                                                                                                              your old antenna is in good condition
                                                                                                              and the new digital channels are trans-

                                                                                                              mitted with high enough power from the
                                                                                                              same direction as the analog ones were,
                                                                                                              your system should be fine for new tech-
                                                                                                              nology. But if not, you will need to re-
                                                                                                              configure your reception system and a
                                                                                                              new terrestrial antenna may well be a
                                                                                                              part of this job.
                                                                                                                 AntenasCostelo (www.antenascastelo.
                                                                                                     is a manufacturer in Brazil with
                                                                                                              more than 40 years of experience. They
                                                                                                              have introduced a remarkable little an-
                                                                                                              tenna, which can be used both indoors
                                                                                                              as outdoors. The M-1038 surprises with
                                                                                                              its small size: 23 x 14 cm (9 x 5.5”).
                                                                                                              Its black plastic enclosure matches the
                                                                                                              shape and proportions of a modern flat
                                 Antenascastelo M-1038
                               Highly elegantly styled antenna
                                                                                                              screen TV-set. Upon a closer look, it
                                     for in and outdoors                                                      turns out it can be installed both hori-
                                                                zontally as well as vertically. So, if in
                                                                                                              your particular location the vertical po-
                                                                                                              sition yields better results, M-1038 can
                                                                                                              be assembled in the vertical configura-
                                                                                                              tion. If so, it will correspond not to a
                                                                                                              modern TV screen but to a loudspeaker
                                                                                                              of a home cinema system. If you think
                                                                                                              of keeping this antenna outdoors rather
                                                                                                              than indoors – no problem. There is a
                                                                                                              special holder attached in the kit allow-
                                                                                                              ing you to mount the M-1038 on a pole
                                                                                                              of 25 - 34 mm diameter (1 through 1-3/8
                                                                                                              inches). Our big compliments for the
                                                                                                              mechanical design as well as esthetics
                                                                                                              to the designers of this product.
                                                                                                                 The M-1038 is a passive device, mean-
                                                                                                              ing it does not have any amplifier built
                                                                                                              in. As every TV fan knows, small passive
                                                                                                              antennae can not achieve the perfor-
                                                                                                              mance of full size systems, like multi-el-
                                                                                                              ement yagi antennas installed on a roof
                                                                                                              of a building. So, we were hesitating in
                                                                                                              what way we should test the M-1038. It
                                                                                                              would not be fair to compare it with a
                                                                                                              full size outdoor antenna. Finally, we de-
                                                                                                              cided to take as our reference the sim-
                                                                                                              plest form of an improvised antenna – a
                                                                                                              metal rod. After all, many people use
                                                                                                              such a solution if TV signals are strong
                                                                                                              in their location: Just a segment of wire
                                                                                                              connected to the inner wire of the co-
                                                                                                              axial cable hooked up to your TV-set’s
                                                                                                              antenna input at its other end.
                                                                                                                 Our improvised rod antenna was 170

68 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                                                                                                                           mm (6.7”) long because we
                                                                                                                           wanted to keep it compara-
                                                                                                                           ble with the size of M-1038.
                                                                                                                           At our test center location
                                                                                                                           in Western Poland you need
                                                                                                                           to have a rather good an-
                                                                                                                           tenna to receive terrestrial
                                                                                                                           signals. So, to begin with
                                                                                                                           we decided to used a ter-
                                                                                  1. The small Antenascastelo M-1038       restrial signal analyzer to
                                                                                  mounted outside on a mast.
                                                                                  2. The antenna can be mounted            measure how strong the
                                                                                  horizontally (see picture) as well as    signal is at the output of the
                                                                                                                           M-1038 and at the output of
                                                                                                                           our reference rod antenna.
                                                                                                                           In this way, we achieved an
                                                                                                                           objective evaluation of the
                                                                                                                           M-1038 performance.
                                                                                                                             And what was the per-
                                                                                                                           formance? We started in
                                                                                                                           the center of the terrestri-
                                                                                                                           al band – an analog chan-
                                                                                                                           nel on 417.25 MHz (channel
                                                                                                                           S21). As you can see on the
                                                                                                                           frequency spectrum scans,


    70 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                      1-12/2012 —
the AntenasCostelo M-1038                    Then we got bolder. we                  what weaker and it rose to        vided stronger output by 3
gave 3 decibels more than                 tried to go live and catch the             42.9 dBµV with MER equal          decibels for 634 MHz and
the rod antenna (50.1 dBµV                real digital channels which                to 16.2 dB. How would             even by 5.5 decibels for
vs. 46.9 dBµV). That’s quite              in our location transmit on                this result on a tv screen?       666 MHz. Naturally, MER
something. After switch-                  634 MHz and 666 MHz. But                   We decided to connect the         was also better: by about
ing the analyzer to meas-                 the signal from both anten-                antenna to our DVB-T re-          1 dB and 2 dB respectively.
urement mode, the differ-                 nas was too weak to meas-                  ceiver. The multiplex trans-      Using a single rod antenna
ence even increased (50.0                 ure it with our signal ana-                mitted on 634 MHz was re-         we would see none of the
dBµV vs. 46.6 dBµV). For                  lyzer. But then we realized:               ceivable but from time to         two DVB-T signals while the
your reference, our roof                  the AntenasCastelo M-1038                  time our receiver notified        M-1038 was good enough to
antenna produces over 62                  can be mounted outside!                    us that there is a too weak       catch at least one of them.
dBµV on that channel. Also                We rushed up to our balco-                 signal. The other multiplex          To sum it up: the M-1038
the signal-to-noise ration                ny and mounted the M-1038                  on 666 MHz was below the          like every other small an-
looked significantly bet-                 outdoors on a small mast.                  reception threshold of our        tenna can not replace a full
ter for M-1038: 34.5 dB vs.               The improvement was no-                    receiver.                         size external antenna. How-
30.9 dB. Although, we did                 ticeable at once. The signal                 We compare those results        ever, if you live relatively
not plan it initially, we con-            on 634 MHz rose to 51.6                    with the simple rod anten-        close to the transmitter, es-
nected M-1038 to our TV-                  dBµV with MER equal to                     na. As could be expected,         pecially on a high floor, such
set. The picture was noisy                26 dB. The second signal,                  for both transponders, the        small antenna could do the
but readable.                             on 666 MHz, was some-                      M-1038 was better. It pro-        job. It is very easy to install
                                                                                                                       and everybody can do that.
                                                                                                                       If only possible though, try
                                                                                                                       to mount it outdoors as this
                                                                                                                       improves its performance
                                                                                                                          The        AntenasCastelo
                                                                                                                       M-1038 proved to be visibly
                                                                                                                       better than that of a simple
                                                                                                                       improvised rod antenna in
                                                                                                                       the center of the terrestrial
                                                                                                                       band. However, being very
                                                                                                                       simple in design, the M-1038
                                                                                                                       could not beat the rod an-
                                                                                                                       tenna for every frequency.
                                                                                                                       Performance of such simple
                                                                                                                       designs depend on the ratio
                                                                                                                       of RF wave length-to-anten-
                                                                                                                       na length. So it is obvious
                                                                                                                       that for some frequencies,
                                                                                                                       170 millimeters of rod an-
                                                                                                                       tenna could perform better
                                                                                                                       than M-1038.

72 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —

  But what is also obvious,              escopic antenna for FM ra-
you can put the M-1038 an-               dio (88-108 MHz) inside. So,
ywhere in your room and it               you can use it for double
will not harm your esthetic              purpose: TV and radio re-
feelings, while our impro-               ception. All you have to do is
vised rod antenna will not               to pull it out and position for
look great. The M-1038 has               the best radio reception. We
yet another advantage over               tried, and had no problem at
a rod antenna. It has a tel-             all with FM radio reception.



Manufacturer         ANTENASCASTELO, Alameda 15 de Dezembro,
                     1487 - Penha - Bragança Paulista - SP - CEP: 12910-691
phone                55 (11) 0800-773-3601 / 4035.3601
Model                M-1038
Function             Terrestrial TV& FM Radio Antenna
Application          Indoor or outdoor
UHF channels         14 through 69 (60 – 806 MHz)
vHF channels         2 through 13 (54 - 216 MHz)
FM Frequency Range   88 - 108 MHz
Impedance            75 Ω
Dimensions           23 x 14 x 5.5 cm (9 x 5.5 x 2.2”)
Weight               450 g

                      Expert opinion
    Exceptional design
    can be used both indoors as outdoors

+   Various positioning options: horizontal, verti-
    cal, on a stand, on a pole.
    Good performance in the center of terrestrial
                                                           Jacek pawlowski
                                                                               1. M-1038 output signal.          3. Rod antenna output signal.
    no option for an active amplifier                            Test Center
                                                                      Poland   2. M-1038 output signal           4. Rod antenna output signal
                                                                               measurement results               measurement results.

                                                                                    1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                                  — 1                                                           73
TEST REpoRT                     Fiber optic Meter

     AE 120
     power Meter
     •	so simple to use
     •	gives very accurate readings
     •	comes with adapters for all popular
     connector types
     •	shows levels in very small steps
     •	if needed, it can be calibrated

74 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           75
TEST REpoRT                     Fiber optic Meter

                                                                                                              ■ TELE-satellite Test Editor Jacek
                                                                                                              pawlowski checking the AES120
                                                                                                              optical Meter by Deviser. A DvB-T
                                                                                                              signal is converted into an optical
                                                                                                              signal and the results measured
                                                                                                              with the AES120

76 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
Small Size
But Excellent performance
  Fiber optic cables are find-   dealing with modern optical      ble junctions, i.e. the ones         rubber holder you get access
ing their way into digital TV    networks. And because here       introducing excessive light          to its rear panel. There is a
installations more and more      we are dealing with light        attenuation, or locate faulty        slide door there securing the
often. They are superior to      rather than electric voltage     components - like optical            battery compartment. Two
coax cables due to very low      and current, another type of     splitters.                           AA batteries (or AA accumu-
attenuation and immunity         meter is needed.                    The AE120 is enclosed in          lators) can be used. In the
to electromagnetic interfer-        The AE 120 Optical Power      a gray plastic case which is         set we got for testing, there
ence. Their advantages are       Meter made by Deviser is a       surrounded with a protective         was also an AC/DC charger
especially striking in larger    tiny and lightweight meter       holder made of blue rubber.          included.
networks - dedicated for a       that you can use not only to     Below a classical LCD dis-              The user manual that came
multistory building or even      confirm that the optical sig-    play, 6 buttons are located.         along with the AE120 was in
larger. However, like with       nal is reaching a given node     The input connector can be           the form of a small booklet.
the classical coaxial cable      of a network but also to ac-     found on the top side of the         And because operating the
networks, the installer must     curately measure its power       case. Thanks to the two ad-          meter is so simple and intui-
have a suitable tool to meas-    level. Using the AE120, you      ditional adapters included in        tive, we are sure that except
ure signal power, even when      can find bad fiber optic ca-     the set, you can connect the         for maybe the first time, you
                                                                  AE120 to any type of optical         will hardly need it. But any-
                                                                  connector you are likely to          way, the manual is well writ-
                                                                  find in an optical networks:         ten and provides all the infor-
                                                                  FC, SC or ST. After taking           mation you might need. The
                                                                  the meter out of the blue            display of the meter shows
                                                                                                       two values: optical level ex-
                                                                                                       pressed either in dBm or in
                                                                                                       Watts, and the wavelength
                                                                                                       in nanometers the meter is

                                                                                                                   DEvISER AE 120
                                                                                                                  optical power Meter
                                                                                                               Extremely simle to use but
                                                                                                               at same time very accurate

                                                                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                       — 1                                                                  77
                                                                                                                       result as the reference level
                                                                                                                       to which you will be able to
                                                                                                                       compare the next measure-
                                                                                                                       ment – most likely - in the
                                                                                                                       other nodes of the network.
                                                                                                                       To store the reference level
                                                                                                                       you press and hold a but-
                                                                                                                       ton for a longer while. An-
                                                                                                                       other short press - and you
                                                                                                                       are back in the normal mode
                                                                                                                       when you measure the pre-
                                                                                                                       sent value.
                                                                                                                          Having stored a result as
                                                                                                                       the reference, you can press
                                                                                                                       the dB button to express the
                                                                                                                       current measurement with
                                                                                                                       respect to the stored value in
                                                                                                                       decibels. For example, if you
                                                                                                                       had measured in one node
                                                                                                                       a value of +3.66 dBm and
                                                                                                                       stored it as a reference and
                                                                                                                       then moved to another node
                                                                                                                       of the network and meas-
                                                                                                                       ured -3.38 dBm, pressing
                                                                                                                       the REF button would show
                                                                                                                       you -7.04 dB. The meaning
                                                                                                                       of this would be that at the
                                                                                                                       second node the signal was
                                                                                                                       7.04 dB weaker than in our
                                                                                                                       reference point. In this way,
                                                                                                                       we can conveniently check if
                                                                                                                       the optical splitters located
                                                                                                                       between the two nodes do
                                                                                                                       not introduce too much at-
                                                                                                                          The function of the two
                                                                                                                       remaining button is self-ex-
                                                                                                                       planatory: one turns on and
                                                                                                                       off the back-light of the dis-
                                                                                                                       play and the other is just the
                                                                                                                       power on/off switch. As you
                                                                                                                       can see, once you get famil-
                                                                                                                       iar with this meter, you will
                                                                                                                       never forget how to use it -
                                                                                                                       it is so straightforward and
                                                                                                                          In order to test the AE120
                                                                                                                       meter, we used an optical
                                                                                                                       transmitter converting a
                                                                                                                       DVB-T signal into an optical
                                                                                                                       one. We compared the me-
                                                                                                                       ter to another similar tool
tuned to. It could not be sim-            Our test unit had four addi-               the correct wavelength in or-     dedicated for the installers.
pler!                                     tional bands: 850 nm, 980                  der to get the correct result.    (graph 1.)
  The AE120 has selectable                nm, 1300 nm and 1610 nm –                    You can easily guess the           As you can see in the at-
wavelengths. As you could                 so seven in total. The λ but-              function of the other but-        tached graph, the results
expect, there are the com-                ton is used to cycle through               tons. The dBm/W button is         of both meters were quite
mon 1310 nm, 1490 nm and                  different wavelengths. On                  used to cycle the units of        similar. However, when we
1550 nm bands. But not only.              power up, the smallest one                 the measured power. The           attenuated the signal, AE120
One can order additional,                 is selected (850 nm in our                 REF button is used to store       was still able to measure it
user defined wavelengths.                 case). You should switch to                the current measurement           (-19.97 dBm) while its com-

78 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                                                                                                                       petitor displayed just “LOW”
                                                                                                                          That’s because the AE120
                                                                                                                       has an impressive dynamic
                                                                                                                       range of 68 dB. It can meas-
                                                                                                                       ure optical power from -43
                                                                                                                       dBm through to +25 dBm.
                                                                                                                          Moreover,    the    Deviser
                                                                                                                       AE120 was able to measure
                                                                                                                       power with 0.01 dBm reso-
                                                                                                                       lution while its competitor
                                                                                                                       was not able to discriminate
                                                                                                                       changes smaller than 0.5
                                                                                                                          The AE120 measurement
                                                                                                                       uncertainty is merely ±0.17
                                                                                                                       dB (±3%) which is an impres-
                                                                                                                       sive figure. Deviser made it
                                                                                                                       possible to re-calibrate the
                                                                                                                       meter if the user has access
                                                                                                                       to laboratory grade equip-
                                                                                                                       ment. It is possible to switch
                                                                                                                       the meter to the calibration
                                                                                                                       mode and enter the correc-
                                                                                                                       tion if needed. The range
                                                                                                                       of the possible correction is
                                                                                                                       from -1 dB to + 1dB. It is de-
                                                                                                                       scribed in the manual how to
                                                                                                                       do that. Also this operation
                                                                                                                       is quite simple to perform.
                                                                                                                          To sum it up: the AE120
                                                                                                                       is extremely simple to use
                                                                                                                       but at the same time very
                                                                                                                       accurate and stable. It is a
                                                                                                                       perfect companion for every
                                                                                                                       installer who deals with to-
                                                                                                                       day’s modern fiber optic net-

80 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                      Expert opinion                                                                   TEcHnIcAL
    very handy: small and lightweight                                                                          DATA
    Extremely simple to operate                                              Manufacturer                      Tianjin Deviser Electronics Instrument Co., Ltd.
    Switchable wavelengths
+   Available reference level measurement mode
    Wide dynamic range and high accuracy
                                                                             Web page                
    All popular fiber cable connectors supported
                                                    Jacek pawlowski          Model                             AE120

–   The display back-light is rather weak              TELE-satellite
                                                          Test Center        Function                          Optical Power Meter
                                                                             Basic Accuracy                    ±0.17 dB (±3%)
                                                                             Input Range                       -43 dBm ~ +25 dBm

Measurements with the                                                        Resolution                        0.01 dBm, mW
                                                                             calibrated Wavelengths            1310 nm, 1490 nm, 1550 nm plus user defined
DEvISER AE 120 optical power Meter                                           connectors                        FC/SC/ST
                                                                             Ambient Temperature/Humidity
1                                                                       7
                                                                                                               -10 ~ +60 °C / < 80%
                                                                             operation Time (backlight off)    50 hours with two AA bateries
                                                                             Dimensions                        119 x 70 x 29 mm
                                                                             Weight                            200 g without bateries

                                                                                      MoRE ABoUT THIS coMpAnY

2                                                                       8

3                                                                       9

4                                                                       10

5                                   1-6. Do you know the wave-
                                    length of your fibre optic
                                    system? No problem, measure
                                    the same signal for different
                                    lambda and the highest read-
                                    ing indicates the wavelength;
                                    in our case this is evidently
                                    1490 nm because the maxi-
                                    mum reading is just for this
                                    7. After pressing the REF
6                                   button for 2 seconds, the
                                    current level (-0.57 dBm)
                                    becomes the reference level
                                    8. now we have switched to
                                    reference measurement mode
                                    by pressing the dB button
                                    9. Measurement results are
                                    reffered now to -0.57 dBm
                                    10. If you prefer, you may use
                                    mW rather than dBm units

                                                                            1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                          — 1                                                                                81
TEST REpoRT                      professional Satellite Receiver for the network

82 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —

•	Capable of inserting all the satellite transponders
into a network
•	Suitable for Unicast as well as Multicast streaming
•	The complete data stream can be recorded
•	Very	flexible	adaptation	thanks	to	the	C++	Library
•	Complete control of the receiver via the network

                                       1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
     — 1                                                           83
TEST REpoRT                       professional Satellite Receiver for the network

DvB-S/S2 Satellite Receiver
for network Applications
  We already introduced the
DTU-215 from DekTec to you
in the 12-01/2012 issue of
TELE-satellite. It is a terres-
trial modulator that can take
an     available       transponder
stream and process it in a
variety of different ways (for
example, DVB-T or ISDB-T)
and then modulate it on any
desired      VHF/UHF        frequen-
cy. But the question is how
do you obtain the complete
transponder stream from a
satellite transponder so that
it can be processed, for ex-
ample, with the DTU-215?

  This exact question is an-
swered by the new DekTec
professional network satel-
lite receiver DTE-3137. The
DekTec DTE-3137 is a unique                   ■ The DekTec DTU-215 test report from the 12-01/2012 issue of TELE-satellite
                                                                          DVB-S/S2 receiver that comes                 professional equipment. This sat-
                                                                          with a number of special features            ellite receiver is not meant for the
                                                                          while at the same time certain               private end user; it is dedicated
                                                           1              other features that might be stan-           to the professional users.
                                        DekTec DTE-3137                   dard and required for an end user
                             Perfectly equipped professional satellite
                               receiver for use in networks and for       were left out from this piece of               Thanks to its slim size (13.5 x
                                  processing in cable networks.
                                                                                                                       13.5 x 3.5 cm) and its very func-
                                                                                                                       tional construction, the DTE-3137
                                                                                                                       can be installed in any standard


84 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —

                                                                                        The built-in tuner receives      fer of very large amounts
                                                                                        signals in the 950 to 2150       of data. We were also im-
                                                                                        MHz range with symbolrates       pressed that the DTE-3137
                                                                                        from 2.0 to 40 Ms/sec. The       can also be supplied with
                                                                                        manufacturer reports the in-     power via the Ethernet cable
                                                                                        put sensitivity to be from -30   (Power      over    Ethernet)   as
                                                                                        to -60 dBm and, of course,       long as the available net-
                                           2                                                                             work hardware supports this
                                                                                                                         function.     Especially    when
                                                                                                                         more     than      one   DTE-3137
                                                                                                                         will be used, the user can
                                                                                                                         avoid having to use external
                                                                                                                         24-volt power supplies. Of
                                                                                                                         course, a power supply is in-
                                                                                                                         cluded in the package since
                                                                                                                         Power over Ethernet is not
rack. Additionally, the small
                                                                                                                         available in every network.
size of this receiver also al-
lows as many as 12 of them
                                                                                                                           The manufacturer states
to stacked next to each oth-
                                                                                                                         that the DTE-3137 uses a
er in a 19” rack; each piece
                                                                                                                         maximum power of 17 watts
measures only 3.5 cm wide.
                                                                                                                         and, as is typical with pro-
                                                                                                                         fessional equipment, there’s
    On the front panel you’ll
                                                                                                                         no standby mode. The hard-
find the satellite IF input as


well as the DVB-ASI out-                    ceiver can’t be found here                  all the necessary parameters     ware is designed such that it
put. There’s also an RJ-45                  since it simply would make                  needed to receive a satellite    can run 24/7.
network interface, a 24-volt                no sense to have them given                 signal (13/18V control volt-
input as well as a multidigit               the application of this receiv-             age, 22 kHz signal) are also       In addition to the DTE-
LCD display that shows sta-                 er. Studying the DTE-3137’s                 supported.                       3137 and the power supply,
tus information.                            technical datasheet reveals                                                  the manufacturer also in-
                                            its baseline data: it’s a DVB-                 The Gigabit network con-      cluded in the package a USB
    An HDMI output, a Scart                 S/S2 receiver that supports                 nection is accomplished in       stick on which can be found
jack or RCA jacks that you                  the QPSK, 8-PSK, 16-APSK                    the RJ-45 format and thus        not only the user manu-
would find on a normal re-                  and 32-APSK modulations.                    permits the speedy trans-        als but also all the required

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                                                                    1. StreamXpert in DTApI Modus
                                                                    2. Display of a transport stream that was received via
                                                                    Multicast in UDp format
                                                                    3. Live playback of an HD stream
                                                                    4. All stream parameters such as nIT are displayed
                                                                    5. The data rate of every Tv and radio channel is displayed
                                                                    6. TRT transponder on TURKSAT 42° east

                                 5                                                                       IP address that it identi-
                                                                                                         fied from the DHCP server
                                                                                                         of our LAN. Since there is
                                                                                                         no remote control, the only
                                                                                                         way to communicate with
                                                                                                         and control the DTE-3137 so
                                                                                                         that it can be loaded with the
                                                                                                         desired settings and param-
software to operate the DTE-                                                                             eters is via the network.
3137. The same documents
and software are also avail-                                                                               So we entered the DTE-
able   from   DekTec’s    web-                                                                           3137’s IP address into our
site ( and                                                                                PC’s web browser and before
since the manufacturer is                                                                                we could blink the start page
always working on improve-                                                                               of the integrated web server
ments, it pays to have a look                                                                            appeared on our monitor.
at their website to make sure


the most current version of      cable goes to what connec-         formation. No need to worry            Fortunately, DekTec decid-
software is being used.          tion. It took us no time at        about the ‘No Signal’ mes-           ed to do without all forms of
                                 all to connect the DTE-3137        sage; the DTE-3137 has not           scripts, flash animation and
    As the DTE-3137 is first     to our test center’s Gigabit       yet been told what frequen-          other bells and whistles so
unpacked, you get the feel-      Network, to attach a signal        cy it should receive.                that you can access the con-
ing that it’ll all be self-ex-   cable to the satellite IF input                                         trol functions from truly any
planatory.    The   available    and to connect the included          The take care of this, the         web browser on every pos-
connections are all perfectly    power supply. The LCD im-          user should look at the low-         sible operating system, from
labeled so you should have       mediately comes to life and        est part of the LCD where            a SmartPhone, to a Windows
no trouble figuring out which    starts providing status in-        the DTE-3137 displays the            PC, to a MAC up to and in-

                                                                             1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                           — 1                                                           87
                                                                                                                                       own tool called the DekTec
                                                                                                                                       StreamXpert on the PC. This
                                                                                                                                       tool can be downloaded from
                                                                                                                                       DekTec’s   website.   In   this
                                                                                                                                       mode the web interface only
                                                                                                                                       serves as a status control;
                                                                                                                                       you cannot go through any
                                                                                                                                       settings here.

                                                                                                                                         Since the DTE-3137 is a
                                                                                                                                       professional piece of equip-
                                                                                                                                       ment, the StreamXpert soft-
                                                                                                                                       ware would be sufficient for
                                                                                                                                       most users although there
                                                                                                                                       are many applications that
                                                                                                                                       cannot be covered or cannot
           8                                                                                                                           satisfy the requirements of
                                                                                             cluding Linux systems.                    the customers. For this rea-
                                                                                                                                       son a complete C++ library
                                                                                                  The DTE-3137’s web in-               was made available to cus-
                                                                                             terface is very nicely orga-              tomers so that they could
                                                                                             nized;        experienced       users     program their own DTE-3137
                                                                                             will instantly spot the Appli-            control software exactly the
                                                                                             cation Switcher. It makes it
9                                                                                                                                      way they want it. What a
                                                                                             possible to control the DTE-              great idea!
                                                                                             3137 two different ways. In
                                                                                             DTAPI         mode    the     receiver      The   second    mode       is
                                                                                             is    fully    controlled      by   its   named SMPTE and opens for
                                                                                                                                       the user the full control and
                                                                                  7. Even the minimum and maximum
                                                                                  bandwidth used by a broadcaster can be               settings capabilities of the
                                                                                  shown                                                DTE-3137 via the integrated
                                                                                  8. StreamXpert can display pID values in             web server and the SNMP
                                                                                  decimal or hexadecimal format
                                                                                  9. The displayed video image can be                  interface. With the Simple
                                                                                  adjusted for resolution and brightness               Network Management Pro-
                                                                                  10. PAT, CAT and PMT of the TRT HD                   tocol it involves one of the
                                                                                  transponders on TURKSAT 42° east


    88 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
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                                                                                                                              an extremely complex un-
                                                                                                                              dertaking, we decided for
                                                                                                                              the purposes of this test re-
13                                                                                      IETF (Internet Engineering            port to use the StreamXpert
                                                                                        Taskforce)       developed     net-   tool from DekTec. This tool
                                                                                        work protocols that can be            is available on the USB stick
                                                                                        used to monitor and remote-           that accompanies the DTE-
                                                                                        ly control network devices            3137.
                                                                                        from a central location via
                                                                                        LAN. Since the SNMP doesn’t             When      StreamXpert     is
                                                                                        define its own values - those         started, it automatically rec-
                                                                                        that it could get from the at-        ognizes (in DTAPI mode) the
                                                                                        tached devices – it is univer-        DTE-3137 receiver in the lo-
                                                                                        sally applicable and through          cal network and instantly
                                                                                        so-called Management In-              creates a link between the
                                                                                        formation Bases (MIB) it can          two. According to DekTec,
                                                                                        be individually matched to            the PC hardware require-
                                                                                        the control/monitoring de-            ments for the StreamXpert
                                                                                        vices. This database, that in         tool are as follows: Windows
14                                                                                      the form of an MIB file must          XP, Windows 2003, Vista or
                                                                                        be made available by the              Windows 7 operating system
                                                                                        manufacturer, contains all            with a minimum of a Pen-
                                                                                        the necessary parameters              tium 4 processor (1.7 GHz)
                                                                                        that an SNMP client would             for decoding SD transport
                                                                                        need for successful com-              streams or an Intel Core 2
                                                                                        munication with the network           or Intel Core i7 for decoding
                                                                                        device.                               HD transport streams.

                                                                                           Naturally, DekTec has this           The    main    window     of
                                                                                        database available for its us-        StreamXpert is divided into
                                                                                        ers via download so that ev-          three    sections.   The   two
                                                                                        ery desired SNMP client can           larger sections in the middle
                                                                                        be used to control the DTE-           of the screen provide infor-
                                                                                        3137. We opted to download            mation on the currently re-
                                                                                        and use the free iReason-             ceived transport stream and
15                                                                                      ing MIB browser that, as              the corresponding PID struc-
                                                                                        we expected, was able to              ture while the bar at the bot-
                                                                                        work perfectly together with          tom provides valuable sta-
                                                                                        the DTE-3137 thanks to the            tus information to the user.
                                                                                        MIB data made available by            StreamXpert is so clearly
                                                                                        DekTec.                               and intuitively programmed
                                                                                                                              that there’s almost no need
                                                                                           Since developing our own           to reference the user manu-
                                                                                        control software using the            al included on the USB stick.
                                                                                        DTAPI C++ library provided            If you have just a little bit
                                                                                        by DekTec would have been             of understanding of what

90 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
16                                                                18

17                                                                19


                                              11. With encrypted channels, StreamXpert provides detailed information on the
                                              type of cAS system in use
                                              12. The DTE-3137 supports the reception modes DVB, DVB-RCS and ATSC
                                              13. DTApI mode
                                              14. network settings in DTApI mode
                                              15. Switching between DTApI and SMpTE modes is as simple as one mouse click
                                              16. The DTE-3137’s web interface in SMpTE mode
                                              17. Frequency entry in SMpTE mode
                                              18. Settings for the output of received data SMpTE mode
                                              19. network settings in SMpTE mode
                                              20. Display and control of the DTE-3137 via SnMp software

this tool can do, namely the     shows the reception hard-         from the satellite transpon-         be a little irritating for a be-
analysis, display and record-    ware found in the local net-      der frequency. For example,          ginner but it ends up saving
ing of transponder streams       work. Right next to that are      if the DTE-3137 is to receive        the manufacturer a lot of ex-
that can be received with a      two entry fields for frequency    the frequency 12150 MHz              tra work if they were to take
compatible receiver, such as     and modulation parameters.        and you’re using a univer-           into account all the different
the DTE-3137, the use of this    And, as is typical with pro-      sal Ku-band LNB, you would           types of LNBs that are in use
tool will be nothing less than   fessional equipment, the IF       enter the IF frequency of            today. Along those lines, it
self-explanatory.                frequency of the desired sat-     1550 MHz (12150 MHz – LOF            also makes sense that the
                                 ellite transponder has to be      of 10600 MHz). What might            22 kHz signal is not auto-
     In the tool’s upper-most    entered, in other words, the      be standard and typical for          matically turned on or off
symbol     bar,   StreamXpert    LOF must first be subtracted      a professional might at first        based on the frequency that

                                                                            1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                          — 1                                                           91
is entered, instead the user                tion can be, sometimes you                  amounts        of   data       without   is in operation and process-
has to enter this in manually               might just want to know                     putting much of a load on                ing received data.
as well while selecting the                 what channels are being re-                 the processor.
required polarization voltage               ceived by the DTE-3137 at                                                              For the output via net-
of the LNB.                                 that moment. No problem,                       Additionally, the StreamX-            work, there are two differ-
                                            with just a few mouse clicks                pert software allows other               ent modes available: Unicast
  Additional       reception       pa-      the    StreamXpert          software        basic settings such as dis-              and Multicast transmission.
rameters such as modulation                 shows all of the available TV               playing PIDs in decimal or               The difference between the
type, symbolrate or FEC are                 and radio channels on the                   hexadecimal format, the use              two modes simply has to do
not necessary; after press-                 currently received transpon-                of the hardware acceleration             with the number of receiv-
ing the enter button, the                   ders. These channels can                    of a DVXA compatible graph-              ers. While Unicast is meant
DTE-3137 automatically ana-                 also be viewed live. It makes               ics card for the live display            for one single receiver, Mul-
lyzes the entered frequency                 no difference if it’s an SD or              of DTE-3137 received chan-               ticast streams can be re-
and recognizes all the neces-               HD channel; keep in mind                    nels on a PC, the selection              ceived and processed by a
sary parameters on its own.                 though that encrypted con-                  of the reception mode to be              group of receivers. All of the
A green dot in the StreamX-                 tent cannot be decoded due                  used (DVB, DVB-RSC or the                required IP parameters can
pert’s status bar indicates                 to the lack of a CI slot.                   American ATSC) and the cre-              be entered directly in the
that the DTE-3137 was cor-                                                              ation of a complete log file in          DTE-3137’s web interface;
rectly able to read and pro-                  Underneath the frequency                  XML format.                              this also functioned without
cess the selected frequency.                and modulation entry fields                                                          any problems in our tests.
                                            are the control buttons for                    Changes to the displayed              Transmissions can take place
  Next, all the usable infor-               recording the current tran-                 transponder stream cannot                in RTP mode as well as UDP
mation from the incoming                    sponder stream. With just a                 be done with the StreamX-                mode making the DTE-3137
transponder stream is then                  few mouse clicks, the soft-                 pert software; it can only be            a truly universal device.
instantly displayed in the                  ware can record the entire                  used to completely and pre-
two main windows includ-                    transponder stream onto the                 cisely record the data stream              To monitor and control the
ing a complete PID overview                 hard drive of the PC. Thanks                on a PC as it was received as            DTE-3137 in SMPTE mode,
as well as the content of all               to the Gigabit Ethernet con-                well as display all the inter-           not only can the integrated
the information tables such                 nection the recording func-                 nal values to the user.                  web server come into use,
as PAT, CAT, PMT or NIT. As                 tion worked perfectly even                                                           but also any SNMP client. As
useful as all of this informa-              on HD content with large                       Through the web interface             we mentioned at the begin-
                                                                                        the operational mode of the              ning of this report, DekTec
                                                                                        DTE-3137 can be switched to              provides the required MIB
                                                                                        SMPTE with just one mouse                files for this purpose. As
                                                                                        click and after a quick hard-            before, we created a con-
                                                                                        ware       restart,       numerous       nection to the DTE-3137 via
                                                                                        additional menu points ap-               the iReasoning MIB browser
                                                                                        pear in the receiver’s web               that allowed us to read and
                                                                                        interface. The user now has              display a multitude of us-
                                                                                        the capability to modify a               able information. The possi-
                                                                                        variety of reception param-              bilities range from hardware
                                                                                        eters via the web interface              status   information      (such
                                                                                        and also how the user can                as internal temperature) to
                                                                                        have control over the data               tuner parameters that have
                                                                                        output via the network con-              a direct influence on recep-
                                                                                        nection. The tuner control,              tion. Thanks to the easy-to-
                                                                                        apart from its graphical rep-            understand MIB browser, the
                                                                                        resentation,           corresponds       user can select any value
                                                                                        exactly to the depicted op-              from the numerous possibili-
                                                                                        eration via StreamXpert. Via             ties that would be interest-
                                                                                        its own status page the user             ing to him and display them
                                                                                        will receive all of the neces-           in an organized table format.
                                                                                        sary and interesting param-
                                                                                        eters (such as modulation                  The Unicast or Multicast
                                                                                        type, symbolrate, FEC, BER               transponder      stream     data
                                                                                        or SNR) of the currently se-             can also be received and re-
                                                                                        lected transponder. The sta-             corded by the StreamXpert
                                                                                        tus indicator ‘Locked’ tells             software.   It   automatically
                                                                                        the user that the DTE-3137               adapts itself to the DTE-3137

92 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
in SMPTE mode and changes                   terface such as the current                 available hardware features                      Multiple      reception            tests
the entry fields for frequen-               hardware revision, the cur-                 in the personal control envi-                 on, for example, TURKSAT at
cy and modulation mode in                   rently     installed       firmware,        ronment of the user.                          42° east, BADR at 26° east
the entry possibilities for IP              the current IP address or the                                                             or NILESAT at 7° west clearly
address and port of the re-                 connection speed of the net-                  The built-in tuner is very                  verified this to be true.
ceived data stream.                         work. By the way, if the net-               sensitive and demonstrated
                                            work doesn’t have a DHCP                    in our tests that it could eas-                  Thanks to the StreamX-
  Naturally, the data can also              server with automatic IP ad-                ily handle weak and narrow-                   pert software as well as the
be used in other applications               dress recognition, it can, of               band satellite signals. The                   wide-ranging          settings         and
and programs that can work                  course, be entered manually.                automatic recognition of all                  monitoring functions via web
in Unicast or Multicast mode.                                                           the necessary reception pa-                   interface or SNMP software,
Using the web interface, the                  For our tests we put the                  rameters functioned consis-                   the user can fully control the
transmission mode can be                    DTE-3137        through       several       tently without any difficul-                  DTE-3137 from remote loca-
set to RTP (Real Time Trans-                days of continuous opera-                   ties.                                         tions.
port Protocol) or UDP (User                 tion and during that time re-
Datagram Protocol) and the                  corded an enormous amount
parameters TP per IP and TP                 of data via satellite (several                                             Expert opinion
size can also be set.                       terabytes). And just as we                       professional equipment with unsurpassable
                                            expected,         the     DTE-3137               features. Trouble-free operation of all fea-
  As part of our tests, we at-              worked       perfectly       without             tures, very easy control and configuration via
tempted to receive the data                 any errors or crashes. At the                    SnMp or web interface. Thanks to the down-
                                                                                             loadable C++ library, the user can integrate
stream sent by the DTE-3137
using the very popular VLC
                                            same time, the transponder
                                            streams       were      consistently
                                                                                      +      all of the functions individually in his soft- Thomas Haring
                                                                                             ware. The output of the received data stream       Test Center
Player       (             transmitted to our PC with-                                                                             Austria
                                                                                             is carried over the network either directly to
on a Mac and a Windows PC;                  out any interference. Even a                     the StreamXpert software or via Unicast/Multicast in RTp or
as expected, it functioned                  simulated power failure did                      UDB.
without any problems.                       not disturb the DTE-3137; as
                                            soon as power was restored,               –      none
  Regardless of which mode                  it went right back into ser-
was selected, the complete                  vice without any interaction                                                TEcHnIcAL
transport stream is always                  by the user.                                                                       DATA
available on the DTE-3137’s                                                              Manufacturer                    DekTec Digital Video B.V., Godelindeweg 4,
                                                                                                                         1217 HR Hilversum, The Netherlands
DVB-ASI output so that, for                   The DTE-3137 is a very
                                                                                         Email sales           
example, it can be passed                   reliable DVB-S/S2 receiver
on loss-free to a Re-Multi-                 that was explicitly designed
                                                                                         Model                           DTE-3137
plexer or other professional                for professional applications.
                                                                                         Function                        Networked        /      Receiver
DVB data stream processing                  It takes the received data
                                                                                         Frequency range                 950 - 2150 MHz
equipment.                                  and passes it on via a net-
                                                                                         Transmission Standards          DVB, DVB-RSC, ATSC
                                            work or DVB-ASI output.
                                                                                         Modulations                     QPSK, 8-PSK, 16-APSK and 32-APSK
  The LCD display on the                                                                 Symbol rate                     2-40 Ms/s
DTE-3137              continuously            Thanks to the two control                  connectors                      Sat-ZF IN, DVB-ASI, RJ-45
shows information on the                    modes it has universal appli-                power consumption               max. 17W
status of the currently re-                 cations. For example, it can                 Dimensions                      13.5 x 13.5 x 3.5 mm
ceived transponder (signal                  completely record a DVB-
level, SR, SNR and BER); it                 S/S2     transponder         stream,                                         EnERGY
allows a technician to moni-                it can pass on a DVB-S/S2                                                       DIAGRAM
tor the signal reception di-                transponder stream to other
rectly on the hardware.                     devices, it can pass a stream                               passive power

                                            on via a network or through
  A special section in the                  the DVB-ASI output to, for
DTE-3137’s          web        server       example, feed it into a DVB-                                                             Mode           passive Active Factor

makes it possible to update                 C cable network or to modify                                                             power on       15.5 W   8.8 W 0.56

the firmware to the latest                  and re-multiplex the tran-
version once it has been                    sponder stream.
                                                                                                        Active power
downloaded from the manu-
facturer’s web site. In addi-                 The manufacturer-provid-
tion, critical DTE-3137 status              ed C++ library available for
information is continuously                 download        also    allows     the
available via the web in-                   individual integration of all

94 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
TEST REpoRT                      IpTv Receiver

•	very comfortable to use
•	can be connected to a HD
monitor for high resolution
•	doubles as alarm clock when in
•	ideal for anyone living away
from their home country
•	Universal Plug and Play enabled

96 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —
                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           97
TEST REpoRT                      IpTv Receiver

The All-Inclusive Internet Talent
  The LookeeTV box meas-                    CVBS video and stereo audio                 ply, the manufacturer also          the Apps on a SmartPhone.
ures a mere 125 x 55.9 x                    outputs and last but not least              includes in the package a             Selecting “Settings” lets
257.5 mm in size and its                    a jack to connect the includ-               CVBS/stereo audio cable and         the user choose a desired
front panel is dominated                    ed FM antenna with the Loo-                 a mini-USB cable to link the        language (the box supports
by a high-resolution 7” TFT                 keeTV box. The on/off but-                  box with a PC. All in all, the      English, German, French,
display in 16:9 format. To                  ton can be found on the top                 overall workmanship of all          simple and traditional Chi-
the left and right of the dis-              of the box and is therefore                 the hardware left us with a         nese as well as Hebrew) and
play are speakers rated at 2                very easy to reach.                         very good impression.               access the home network
watts.                                        The remote control in-                                                        connection settings.
  The rear panel at first                   cluded by the manufacturer                     In order to be able to use all
glance doesn’t seem all too                 completely fulfills all of the              of the LookeeTV box’s func-           We liked the fact that in
impressive; there’s just an                 requirements that would                     tions, the first step would         addition to the RJ45 inter-
arrow ring button as well                   be placed on it and also in                 be to create a link with your       face, the manufacturer also
as three buttons to operate                 terms of its workmanship,                   router or high-speed modem          included a WiFi receiver so
the TV box without a remote                 ergonomics and the labeling                 so that the box can operate         that wireless connections
control.                                    of the buttons.                             with an Internet connection.        can be set up. All of the nec-
                                              A detailed manual guides                  To that end, all you need to        essary functions, such as,
  It’s only when you open up                the     user     step-by-step               do is take a look at the 18         WEP or WPA2 encryption
a small flap on the rear panel              through all of the functions of             different choices in the main       are available while the SSID
that the box reveals all of its             the box; the box also comes                 menu whose entries are ar-          of the desired WLAN can be
various connections. These                  with a very logical and easy                ranged in a similar fashion to      entered manually or the box
consist of an HDMI output,                  to understand OSD such that
an RJ45 network jack, a mini                most users could easily get
USB port (also serves as the                by without the user manual.
power input), a headphone                     In addition to the remote
jack, an SD card reader,                    control and the power sup-

98 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                  1-12/2012 —

                                                                                         can search for it automati-         The various settings are
                                                                                         cally.                            further enhanced by an Auto
                                                                                            The acquisition of the re-     Power Off function that will
                                                                                         quired IP data via DHCP is        turn off the box after a pre-
                                                                                         for the most part standard        set time span. There’s also
                                                                                         today and is of course also       the ability to update the
                                                                                         supported by the LookeeTV         LookeeTV box’s firmware or
                                                                                         box. Nevertheless, these          return the box to its default
                                                                                         parameters can be entered         settings via the Internet or
                                                                                         manually if needed. Even a        via a local storage device.
                                                                                         connection set up with a DSL
2                                                                                        or cable provider via PPPoE          Next to all of these set-
                                                                                         is supported.                     tings parameters, the menu
                                                                                                                           selection “TV Out” instantly
                                                                                            The LookeeTV box comes         caught our eyes. Here the
                                                                                         with an integrated screen         user can decide if the signal
                                                                                         saver that converts the TFT       from the box should be dis-
                                                                                         display into a radio alarm        played on the small integrat-
                                                                                         clock with a large time and       ed TFT monitor or if it should
                                                                                         date display. The alarm time      be routed to the two outputs
                                                                                         can also be set in the Set-       (CVBS and HDMI) on the rear
                                                                                         tings menu where you’ll find      panel. Unfortunately, it’s not
                                                                                         two alarm timers available.       possible to have both at the
                                                                                            The necessary time signal      same time.
3                                                                                        can be received by the box           In our tests we were able
                                                                                         via the Internet; the user        to connect the box to a 42”
                                                                                         then simply needs to enter in     LED monitor via the HDMI
                                                                                         the time difference for his lo-   port as well as via the CVBS
                                                                                         cation. If the Internet is not    jacks and thus be able to
                                                                                         available or if the user for      enjoy the signal on a large
                                                                                         some reason wants to enter        display. While the display via
                                                                                         in the time and date manu-        CVBS was not quite optimal,
                                                                                         ally, this capability is also     the HDMI display in 720p HD
                                                                                         available.                        was especially pleasing to
                                                                                                                           the eye. Even the small 7”
                                                                                         1, 2, 3, 4. Lookee TV-Box Main    TFT monitor was bolstered
                                                                                                                           by brilliant colors, high con-
4                                                                                        5. The LookeeTv App sorts the
                                                                                         channels by country/region,       trast and interference-free
                                                                                         genre and language                image construction.
                                                                                         6. You can even search by
                                                                                         7. Results of a search for          Now let’s take a closer look
                                                                                         “travel”                          at the individual functions
                                                                                         8. Before playback begins,        and Apps in the LookeeTV
                                                                                         the box stores a portion
                                                                                         of the video signal in its        box: Lookee TV and Lookee
                                                                                         buffer memory to cover            Radio. These two programs
                                                                                         any momentary connection
                                                                                         dropouts                          are the central components
                                                                                         9. playback of a Tv channel       of the LookeeTV box and
                                                                                         from Iraq                         even have their own dedi-
                                                                                         10. 4:3 channels can be
                                                                                         expanded into 16:9 format         cated access buttons on the
5                                                                                        11. It’s recommended to play      remote control.
                                                                                         back a channel in its original      Both of them contain pre-
                                                                                         resolution especially if the
                                                                                         picture quality isn’t optimal     pared lists from the manu-
                                                                                         12. Radio channels are also       facturer with all Internet-
                                                                                         sorted by country/region, genre   based freely receivable TV
                                                                                         and language
                                                                                                                           and radio stations from
                                                                                         13. A total of 39 genres are
                                                                                         available to choose from          every possible region of the
                                                                                         14. nepal FM 91.8 on the          world. These lists can be
                                                                                         LookeeTv Box via Internet
                                                                                         stream                            sorted by country and re-
                                                                                         15. The channel selection with    gion as well as by genre and
                                                                                         Shoutcast is nearly unlimited     language for a better over-
                                                                                                                           view of what’s available. Add
                                                                                                                           to that a search function as

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6                  11

7                  12

8                  13

9                  14

10                 15

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                                                                                          well as the ability to place fa-    correct aspect ratio or in full-
                                                                                          vorite channels in their own        screen mode with stretched
                                                                                          list.                               4:3 broadcasts.
                                                                                             While looking through the           During playback, the cur-
                                                                                          lists we could hardly contain       rently running channel can
                                                                                          ourselves; the regional over-       be paused at any time al-
                                                                                          view included entries from          though a time shift function
                                                                                          Africa, Asia, America, Eu-          is not available.
                                                                                          rope, Oceania and the Near
                                                                                          East. Each of these regions            We were also surprised at
                                                                                          is then sub-divided into indi-      the number of available ra-
17                                                                                        vidual countries.                   dio stations. Regardless if it
                                                                                             All of the TV and radio          is Radio Maria Tanzania, The
                                                                                          broadcasters in the lists           Voice of Russia or Maitri 99.4
                                                                                          could easily be accessed.           FM from Nepal, the selection
                                                                                          This speaks for the care that       was essentially unlimited.
                                                                                          LookeeTV put into these                The video and audio qual-
                                                                                          lists; obviously, the company       ity of each channel depends,
                                                                                          doesn’t provide all of these        as suggested earlier, entirely
                                                                                          services directly, rather,          on the individual provider.
                                                                                          they simply collect all of the      All-in-all though, we only
                                                                                          content distributed by the          found a few TV channels and
                                                                                          broadcasters and place them         almost no radio channels
                                                                                          all in one large database.          where the picture and audio
18                                                                                           Once a channel has been          quality would be something
                                                                                          chosen, the box creates a           to complain about.
                                                                                          connection via the Internet            Thanks to the really enor-
                                                                                          with the appropriate server         mous selection of channels,
                                                                                          from the provider and begins        the LookeeTV box would be
                                                                                          to show the content.                ideal for anyone living away
                                                                                             This process, depending          from their home country
                                                                                          on the Internet connection          who is searching for TV and
                                                                                          speed and on the selected           radio channels from home.
                                                                                          channel, can take as long              The free Internet stream-
                                                                                          as ten seconds although on          ing service Shoutcast from
                                                                                          average the user will see the       Nullsoft is a familiar name
                                                                                          first picture much sooner           to most radio fans and so
                                                                                          than that.                          it only made sense that the
                                                                                                                              LookeeTV box was also fit-
                                                                                             During playback there are        ted with the Shoutcast App.
                                                                                          numerous options available          It provides hundreds of ra-
                                                                                          for the user, for example,          dio streams from all over
                                                                                          how the received picture            the world sorted into a to-
                                                                                          should be displayed. Many           tal of 36 main categories. It
                                                                                          broadcasters still transmit in      doesn’t matter if you’re look-
                                                                                          4:3 format and some of the          ing for modern country mu-
                                                                                          content is even transmit-           sic, oldies, classical music,
                                                                                          ted in poor quality. The user       techno, pop or other music
                                                                                          has the choice of watching          styles, you’ll be able to find
20                                                                                        it all in its original size, in a   what you’re looking for.
                                                                                          zoomed-in version with the
                                                                                                                                 On top of that there are
                                                                                          16. Videos, music and               also the hundreds of radio
                                                                                          pictures stored internally or
                                                                                          on an SD card can be made           stations that don’t have a
                                                                                          available                           specific music format but of-
                                                                                          17. Videos, music and pictures      fer rather a mixed format.
                                                                                          from an SD card
                                                                                                                                 Our tests of the Shoutcast
                                                                                          18. playback of WMv videos
                                                                                          19. An overview of our test         App showed that it func-
                                                                                          videos in their various             tioned without any prob-
                                                                                                                              lems. We especially liked
                                                                                          20. Mp4 HD playback
                                                                                                                              that if a particular channel
                                                                                                                              only played back audio, you

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22                                                                                     27

23                                                                                     28

24                                                                                     29

25                                                                                     30

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could exit the respective App    data.
without any interruption in        If you have a stereo sys-
the audio playback. After        tem, you can enjoy the audio
pressing the OK button, the      output from the box through
user can go back to the main     the stereo system thanks to
menu and start up other ser-     the stereo audio outputs. In
vices on the box while the       other cases the little speak-
music continues to play in       ers on the LookeeTV box
the background.                  have to take over; we were
                                 actually quite surprised at
   Podcasts have become a        the audio quality in our tests.
trend in the Internet and it’s                                       32
not only large companies,          In addition to the internal
authorities,     governments     memory, the manufacturer
and celebrities that use this    thought of yet another two
luxury to make public infor-     ways to supply the LookeeTV
mation in the form of pic-       box with content. One way
tures with audio or just audio   would be the SD card reader
all by itself, more and more     on the rear panel that in our
private users are taking ad-     tests allowed content on an
vantage of this service and      8 GB SD card to be played
creating their own themed        back.
podcasts. It could be the lat-     The other method is the
est pasta recipe or it could     UPnP function. With Uni-
be something even more se-       versal Plug and Play (UPnP)         33
rious such as current reports    it involves an overlapping
of the political situation in    standard of devices that can
countries where the local        be used to further distribute
media doesn’t always tell it     video and audio content as
like it is.                      well as pictures via the In-
   In all, the LookeeTV box’s    ternet.
podcast function offers ac-        Since this function is al-
cess to hundreds of freely       ready integrated into the
available podcasts that are      Windows Media Player, users
sorted into 43 different cat-    with a Windows PC can make
egories. And if you’re having    their entire media collection
a hard time choosing, you
can simply call up the list of
                                 21. Blubrry access
most popular providers with      22. Lookee Sound
names like BBC.                  23. Lookee Sound title display
                                 24. playback of a song via
  The LookeeTV box comes         Lookee Sound
                                 25. Hundreds of freely available
with an integrated 1.14 GB       titles are available through the
storage device. Audio, vid-      Inmoo video service
eo and picture files can be      26. A portion of the Inmoo titles
                                 in the comedy category
transferred to the box via
                                 27. Inmoo also comes with a
the USB port. Note that the      search function
PC in this case will be pro-     28. programs with the most
viding the power to the Loo-     diverse subjects are available
                                 in HD quality
keeTV box and that because       29. Revision 3 on the LookeeTv      35
of this two USB ports will be    box
occupied. The necessary ca-      30. MSnBc
ble for this is included with    31. nBc nightly news via the
                                 LookeeTv box
the LookeeTV box.
                                 32. The podcast App
  We tested this feature with    33. podcasts all about Web
WMV, MPEG, MP4, HD-MP4,          design
MOV, Flash and AVI videos        34. Without any configuration
                                 the LookeeTv box instantly
– all of the content could       recognizes any available Upnp
be played back without any       servers
problems. The box also had       35. video playback via Upnp.
                                 The picture quality is as good
no difficulties with WMA,        as the original
MP3, MP4 and AAC audio

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36                                                                                      41

37                                                                                      42

38                                                                                     43

39                                                                                     44

40                                                                                     45

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                                                                        Individual works can very         for you. This Internet service
                                                                     easily be uploaded to the            founded in California in 2005
                                                                     Internet through the plat-           works with its content and
                                                                     form’s website and are then          the quality of their offerings
                                                                     available to every user.             almost on the same level as
                                                                        LookeeTV     box    owners        an established TV station,
                                                                     also have access to Lookee           it’s just that the producers
                                                                     Sound’s extensive archive            of the content are typically
                                                                     and can search for music             private people or at the least
                                                                     from well-known or just up-          not so commercially orient-
                                                                     and-coming artists. In our           ed as larger studios.
47                                                                   tests we found a really good
                                                                     title and we can only hope             Thanks to the many differ-
                                                                     that this artist finds his way       ent subject areas and shows
                                                                     into the limelight.                  with such obscure titles like
                                                                                                          “Toasted Donut”, this pro-
                                                                        Another App: Inmoo. Im-           vider quickly reached cult
                                                                     agine that you’re an up-             status. Those that have a
                                                                     and-coming filmmaker and             LookeeTV box but no PC can
                                                                     you want to reach as many            now also enjoy these kinds
                                                                     viewers as possible without          of titles directly on their TV.
                                                                     a large marketing machine              During the course of our
                                                                     to back you up and with lim-         tests, we had a lot of fun
                                                                     ited finances. What if you           surfing through all of the
36. The integrated picture
viewer shows an organized          able to access all of the re-     had a platform like Inmoo            different shows; the perfect
summary of all the available       cordings that were stored on      that would allow you to do           HD picture quality made it all
                                   the DVB-S receiver.               just that?                           that much more enjoyable.
37. Settings for the calendar
and time                              The quality of the content        This platform would be              In addition to the current
38. The screen saver on the        received via the network was      ideal even for movie lovers          content, there’s also an ex-
LookeeTv box resembles an          exceptional and could easily      that are looking for some-           tensive archive of Revision
alarm clock
39. calendar display               be mistaken for the original.     thing out of the ordinary and        3 carried content. So, if you
40. Two alarm timers can be set    Thanks to Plug & Play, all        would also like to enjoy mov-        happen to miss an episode
up individually                    of this functioned correctly      ies other than those from            of the mostly weekly pro-
41. Settings                       without any complicated set-      Hollywood.                           grams, don’t worry, all of the
42. The LookeeTv box can set                                            So what did the manufac-          content is archived and is
up a network connection via
                                   tings or preparations.
cable or WiFi                                                        turer of the LookeeTV box            available to be accessed for
43. DHCP, static addresses as        The Blubrry App is a so-        do? What else but integrate          quite some time.
well as pppoE are supported
                                   cial network with thousands       the Inmoo App into their
44. Multiple oSD languages are
available for the user             of podcasts with the most         box! Divided into genre and             In the old days, you got
45. The FM radio range can be      diverse of subjects. Subdi-       languages, it provides ac-           your morning news from the
switched between 87.5-108 and      vided in the main Audio and       cess to thousands of freely          radio; today it’s the up-to-
76-90 MHz
                                   Video categories is content       available movies on the In-          date news broadcasts via In-
46. The LookeeTv box’s
firmware can be updated via        available to the user from        moo platform. Thanks to the          ternet from those large news
Internet or local storage device   the most unique subject are-      integrated search function,          networks like MSNBC. For all
47. The video signal is
displayed either on the            as in 18 different categories     you can look for very specific       those who want to stay in-
integrated TFT monitor or is       such as vacations, health,        content.                             formed on what’s going on
made available at the cvBS or
HDMI outputs                       politics or art.                     A total of 18 Genres from         in the world, the LookeeTV
                                                                     Cartoons and Thrillers up to         box has a dedicated App for
                                     The Lookee Sound App            Action, Comedy and many              access to MSNBC content.
available to the LookeeTV          gives users access to the         more are at the user’s fin-          There you’ll find not only
box with just a few mouse          SoundCloud service. This          gertips. The movie selection         up-to-date MSNBC news
clicks.                            platform was founded in           seems to be endless. This            broadcasts, but also popular
   This worked perfectly in        2007 by two Berlin artists        App turns out to be one of           shows like NBC Today and
our tests with a Windows 7         and since then has been op-       the highlights of the Loo-           Meet the Press.
PC. By coincidence we even         erating with the goal to pro-     keeTV box due in large part             Unfortunately, we weren’t
had a DVB-S receiver set up        vide free music to as many        to its outstanding picture           all too happy with the pic-
in our test center that also       people as possible. Anyone        quality.                             ture quality of the programs,
worked with the UPnP func-         can take part in SoundCloud                                            if MSNBC wanted to there
tion; to our surprise, the         and not only as a listener but      If you place high value on         would be great potential for
LookeeTV box instantly rec-        also as a musician, interpret-    exceptional picture quality,         improvement here. Thanks
ognized it and was therefore       er or composer.                   the Revision 3 App is right          to the small 7” TFT monitor

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                                            — 1                                                           107
1                                                         2                                                             3

4                                                         5                                                             6

1. The iphone App plugplayer can control the LookeeTv box via a                          the UPnP interface, the user       radio stations. Once the
network and transfer content to it
                                                                                         can even show pictures that        antenna is connected, an
2. Without any kind of configuration, the LookeeTV box is instantly
recognized                                                                               are stored on a PC through         automatic scan can be per-
3. Access to the media on the box                                                        the LookeeTV box on a TV.          formed after which all of the
4. It doesn’t matter if it’s videos, pictures or music, you have                         This all worked perfectly in       available FM radio stations
complete access to the box via plugplayer
                                                                                         our tests.                         within range will be shown
5. content can be played back directly on an iphone
                                                                                                                            in a list. Unwanted stations
6. Icontent can also be sent from the iphone to the LookeeTv box
                                                                                           The FM antenna jack locat-       can quickly be deleted leav-
on the LookeeTV box, this                   ture viewer that can display                 ed alongside the other con-        ing only the desired ones in
low quality wasn’t all that                 any pictures stored on an                    nections on the LookeeTV           the list.
noticeable on such a small                  SD card or in the internal                   box can also be used as
screen, however, trying to                  memory on the integrated                     an input for external audio          It’s a nice little extra fea-
watch MSNBC on a 42” moni-                  TFT monitor or on an exter-                  sources such as from an MP3        ture since not all of these
tor was no fun at all.                      nal TV.                                      player, discman, etc., the         stations might be receivable
                                               The images can be shown                   audio would then be played         via the Internet. Despite the
  Actual   printed    photo-                full-screen if desired. While                back through the internal          small size of the included
graphs are no longer the                    viewing pictures, they can be                speaker in the box.                antenna, it had no trouble
norm today. It should come                  zoomed in on, zoomed out                       The FM reception mode            in our tests providing inter-
as no surprise that the Loo-                from, rotated or shown in                    tops it all off; it lets you re-   ference-free reception of our
keeTV box comes with a pic-                 slide show format. Thanks to                 ceive local over-the-air FM        local FM radio stations.

108 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
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1                                                                                                                         The manufacturer even
                                                                                                                        thought of including an inte-
                                                                                                                        grated calendar that can also
                                                                                                                        display the time directly on
                                                                                                                        the display. In this way the
                                                                                                                        user can always have the
                                                                                                                        current time or the calendar
                                                                                     2                                  in view; it’s a nice alternative
                                                                                                                        to those desk calendars that
                                                                                                                        are still in use today.

                                                                                                                           A total of two alarm set-
                                                                                                                        tings are available that can
                                                                                                                        be individually activated and
                                                                                                                        are useful in waking you up
                                                                                                                        at the right time in the morn-
                                                                                                                        ing and helping you avoid
                                                                                                                        missing that important ap-
                                                                                                                        pointment during the day.
                                                                                                                           The alarm itself is actually
                                                                                                                        quite pleasing to the ear; it
                                                                                                                        can be set to play your fa-
                                                                                                                        vorite radio station via the
1. Even the Windows
                                                                                                                        Internet or FM or a favorite
Media player                                                                                                            song stored in memory. If
instantly recognizes                                                                                                    you prefer the classic meth-
the LookeeTv box
and displays its
2. The internal
memory of the box
can be filled via PC
and in that way can
also be formatted
and/or deleted

                                                                                                                        od, a normal alarm tone can
                                                                                                                        also be used.

                                                                                                                           The LookeeTV box still has
                                                                                                                        yet another especially prac-
                                                                                                                        tical feature. We saved the
                                                                                                                        best for last! The box not
                                                                                                                        only has the capability to ac-
                                                                                                                        cess video and audio files via
                                                                                                                        UPnP from external sources,
                                                                                                                        this content can also be ac-
                                                                                                                        tively sent to the box via

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■ The display on the box is enhanced by brilliant colors and high contrast

112 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
UPnP! The manufacturer has         What could be easier than
developed      corresponding    sitting on your couch and
                                                                                              Expert opinion
Apps to do this for Android     playing back your favorite              The    box’s    software       functioned       reliably;
SmartPhones (LookeePlayer)      music or an exciting movie              throughout all of our tests we couldn’t find
and also for iPhones/iPads      via your SmartPhone to the              any problems or other errors.
(PlugPlayer).                   LookeeTV box and then fur-        +     Thanks to the exceptional TFT monitor on the
  After starting one of these   ther on to your TV?                     box and the ability to play back Tv content on                 Thomas Haring
Apps, the LookeeTV box is          In our tests this functioned         an external TV monitor via the HDMI output,                      TELE-satellite
                                                                                                                                           Test Center
instantly and automatically     perfectly and we had a lot of           HD programs were a real pleasure to watch.                             Austria

recognized as long as both      fun playing around with this.           With the help of various buttons on the remote control (for
devices are connected to the    Up to five devices can be               example, switching between the TFT display and video out
same network.                   linked in this way.
                                                                        or the recalling of titles) the LookeeTv box is very easy and
                                                                        comfortable to use.
  Now you can control the         Overall we thoroughly en-
LookeeTV box remotely via       joyed putting the LookeeTV
                                                                        The FM radio only works when the HDMI output is deactivated
your SmartPhone and also,       box to the test but there’s
for example, activate, pause    still one problem that needs      –     no YouTube
                                                                        UrLlama App not activated
or stop the playback of au-     to be solved: every one of
dio and video files or even     our editors wanted to take
stream audio and video files    the box home and “test” it                                     TEcHnIcAL
directly to the box.            themselves.                                                                DATA
                                                                    Manufacturer        LookeeTV Inc., #277 - 5489 Byrne Road, Burnaby, BC,
                                                                                        Canada, V5J 3J1
                                                                    phone / Fax         Tel: 1-604-438 6680, Fax: 1-604-326 5832
                                                                    Model               Lookee TV-Box
                                                                    Function            Multimedia Player for various content via local media or Internet
                                                                    RJ45                yes
                                                                    WiFi                yes
                                                                    HDMI                yes
                                                                    HDTv                yes (up to 720p)
                                                                    cvBS                yes
                                                                    Stereo Audio out    yes
                                                                    USB port            yes
                                                                    Internal Storage    1.14 GB
                                                                    SD card Reader      yes
                                                                    Display             7“ TFT 16:9
                                                                    Headphones          yes
                                                                    FM Radio            yes
                                                                    Line In             yes
                                                                    Internet services   Lookee TV, Lookee Radio, Shoutcast, Podcast, Blubrry,
                                                                                        Ur Llama, Lookee Sound, Inmoo, Revision 3, MSNBC
                                                                    Upnp                yes


                                                                                                                      Mode    Apparent Active   Factor
                                                                                                                      Ready   7.5 W     4W      0.53
                                                                                                                      Active  11 W      6W      0.54
                                                                                                                      StandBy 7 W      3.5 W    0.5

                                                                                                                      Apparent power

                                                                                                                      Active power

                                                                   The first 7 minutes active operation although without any content
                                                                   playback; the next 8 minutes with video and audio playback, the
                                                                   last 15 minutes in standby with current time display

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FEATURE                  Spark Receiver Software

World of
part 5:
•	Links the TV channel with additional content that can
be accessed via the Internet
•	Spark software allows the full-screen presentation of
HbbTV videos
•	HbbTV offers a far more detailed EPG, of course, if
made available by the provider
•	Excellent integration of HbbTV in the Spark software

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                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           115
FEATURE                 Spark Receiver Software

Tv and Internet
                                                                                                                         restrial antenna as well as
                                                                                                                         the Internet. Contrary to
                                                                                                                         the three classic reception

combined in HbbTv
                                                                                                                         methods, the Internet is
                                                                                                                         always return-channel ca-
                                                                                                                         pable which in turn opens
Thomas Haring                                                                                                            up for the user the ability
                                                                                                                         to request specific content
                                                                                                                         from the programming pro-
                                                                                                                         vider directly via the re-
                                                                                                                         ceiver and also to receive
1                                                                                                                        corresponding      feedback
                                                                                                                         from them as well.

                                                                                                                            For the engineers at re-
                                                                                                                         ceiver manufacturer Fulan
                                                                                                                         it was essentially an obliga-
                                                                                                                         tion for them, considering
                                                                                                                         the advantages of HbbTV,
                                                                                                                         to make these interactive
                                                                                                                         services available to users
                                                                                                                         of their Spark software.
                                                                                                                         As it turns out, Fulan was
                                                                                                                         one of the first companies
                                                                                                                         to integrate this new tech-
                                                                                                                         nology in their software.
                                                                                                                         The HbbTV function in the
                                                                                                                         Spark software can easily
                                                                                                                         be activated or deactivated
                                                                                                                         through its own menu en-
2                                                                                                                        try.
                                                                                           In 2010 several European
                                                                                         programming        providers,      If a programming provid-
                                                                                         software companies and          er makes HbbTV available,
                                                                                         the SES-Astra satellite op-     the Spark software identi-
                                                                                         erator came together and        fies this with its own sym-
                                                                                         developed the HbbTV (Hy-        bol in the Info bar and af-
                                                                                         brid Broadcast Broadband        ter the Info bar disappears
                                                                                         TV) standard. To put it in      from the screen, a freely-
                                                                                         simpler terms, it makes         selectable graphical dis-
                                                                                         possible the linking of con-    play also lets the user know
                                                                                         tent that can be received       about any HbbTV offerings
                                                                                         via satellite, cable and ter-   from a broadcaster. A sim-
3                                                                                                                        ple push of the red function
                                                                                                                         button is all that’s need-
                                                                                                                         ed to activate HbbTV in a
                                                                                                                         Spark software equipped
                                                                                                                            Keep in mind though that
                                                                                                                         the presentation, appear-
                                                                                                                         ance and content of HbbTV
                                                                                                                         is determined completely
                                                                                                                         by the programming pro-
                                                                                                                         vider. The Spark software
                                                                                                                         merely provides, similar to
                                                                                                                         a web browser, the plat-
                                                                                                                         form needed to display
                                                                                                                         HbbTV content.

                                                                                                                           For our tests we searched
                                                                                                                         for a number of channels

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                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
4                                                                  5

with HbbTV content. In do-
ing this we discovered that
German channels in Eu-
rope are a step ahead of all
the others when it comes
to HbbTV. In Germany, in
addition to the two public
broadcasting channels ARD
and ZDF, there are quite a
few other privately owned
channels that offer HbbTV;
this is not the case in other
countries. Exceptions to
this are the public channels
in France and Holland that
also offer HbbTV.
  There’s quite a bit of
HbbTV testing going on in
other countries so it’s safe
                                   of HbbTV include text, pic-
to say that this Spark soft-
                                   tures, online voting and di-
ware feature will eventually
                                   rect input to providers (for
become available in many
                                   example, entering in your
other European countries.
                                   postal code for localized
                                   weather information). Not
    The technical capabilities
                                   only that, there’s also the
                                   ability to play back videos
1. A dedicated symbol in the
Info bar of a channel identifies
                                   via the internet through the
to the user the existence of       receiver.
HbbTv content (6th symbol            All of the broadcasters
from the left with the four
                                   with HbbTV also make avail-
colorful points and the label
2. The HbbTv function can be
turned on or off through the
Spark software’s main menu
3. A symbol in the lower right
corner of the screen signifies
that HbbTv content is ready to
be accessed
4. HbbTv content from the
German/French channel ARTE
5. Through HbbTv the user
has access to the entire media
content of a channel
6. The content can be sorted by
editor’s recommendation or by
7. Through HbbTv providers
can make available detailed
programming descriptions
including trailers
8. ARTE’s Media Library

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1                                                                                       2

3                                                                                       4

5                                                                                                                       able an expanded EPG that
                                                                                                                        provides detailed informa-
                                                                                                                        tion, pictures, etc. In our
                                                                                                                        tests the Spark software
                                                                                                                        was able to display all of
                                                                                                                        the previously mentioned
                                                                                                                        content from the providers
                                                                                                                        without any problems; even
                                                                                                                        the playback of videos pre-
                                                                                                                        sented no problems.
                                                                                                                          We especially liked the
                                                                                                                        excellent picture quality
                                                                                                                        and, above all, the ability
                                                                                                                        to play back these videos in
                                                                                                                        full-screen mode.
                                                                                                                          Thanks to the wide as-
                                                                                                                        sortment of content made

                                                                                                                        in France
                                                                                                                        1. The French channel France
                                                                                                                        2 also offers HbbTv content
                                                                                                                        2. HbbTv is also perfect for
                                                                                                                        up-to-date news reports
                                                                                                                        3. Weather information for a
                                                                                                                        specific region – with HbbTV
                                                                                                                        no problem at all
                                                                                                                        4. A detailed weather report
                                                                                                                        can be accessed through
                                                                                                                        HbbTv at any time
                                                                                                                        5. HbbTv videos through
                                                                                                                        Spark can also be played
                                                                                                                        back in full-screen mode
                                                                                                                        6. With the help of online
                                                                                                                        Voting, the user can
                                                                                                                        communicate directly with
                                                                                                                        the broadcaster

118 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
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1                                                                                       2

3                                                                                       4

5                                                                                       6

                                                                                                                        HbbTv in
                                                                                                                        1. HbbTv from the Dutch
                                                                                                                        channel nED1
                                                                                                                        2. The current daily news
                                                                                                                        broadcast from nED1 (noS
                                                                                                                        Journaal) can be accessed at
                                                                                                                        any time via HbbTv
                                                                                                                        3. Access to the nED1 Media
                                                                                                                        4. programming overview for
                                                                                                                        NED1, NED2 and NED3

                                                                                                                        in Germany
                                                                                                                        5. Sat.1 videocenter Media
                                                                                                                        6. online voting via HbbTv
                                                                                                                        7. Graphically enhanced EpG
                                                                                                                        via HbbTv

available by these provid-                  without having to be bound                   Spark software functioned      fun.
ers, the user can easily ac-                to the providers broadcast-                  in our tests very quickly
cess the last episode of his                ing schedule.                                and our remote control           Overall we can say that
favorite TV series, watch                                                                commands were promptly         Fulan perfectly integrated
an exciting documentary or                   Setting up the individual                   reacted to so that HbbTV       HbbTV into its Spark soft-
catch up on the latest news                 HbbTV content with the                       would actually be a lot of     ware.

120 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
SpARK ovERvIEW                            Spark Receiver Software

The Wonderful
World of
                           part 1:

                  Read Full Report

                        part 2:

                  Read Full Report

122 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
          part 3:
      Spark Apps

      Read Full Report

            part 4:

      Read Full Report

            part 5:

      Read Full Report

                                                  1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                — 1                                                           123
                                                                                        RECEIVERS OF


124 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
  Manufacturer                       Jiuzhou

                                     & Android STB

        /LAn                          —/●


                                      —/●                                          Business
  Scart/Digital Audio                 —/●

                                                          Direct Contact to Sales Manager
                                  1 2/2012
                 JIUZHoU DT er thanks
             Cutting-edge     ting system
             to Android op


   Manufacturer                       Panodic

   Website                                                TELE-satellite
   Function                      /          Receiver
         /LAn                          ●/—
   DiSEqc                       1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3
   S-video/HDMI                        —/●
   Scart/Digital Audio                 ●/—
                                                         Direct Contact to Sales Manager
                                     1 12/2012
                   panodic HDS2 eiver
               Best designed
                for the best HD


                                                              1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                            — 1                                                           125
AWARD WInnInG                         Digital Receivers of 21st century

                                  Manufacturer                      AZBox
                                  Website                                                        TELE-satellite
                                                        HDTV      /      Miniature
                                  Function               HDTV Linux Receiver with
                                                           Multimedia Features
                                  channel Memory
                                                                  unlimited                                             Expert
                                  DiSEqc                 1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3 / USALS
                                  S-video/HDMI                      —/●
                                  Scart/Digital Audio               —/●
                                                                                          Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                        AZBox mini with Network
                                               Excellent mini- for a home network
                                                features - ideal


                                  Manufacturer                     Amiko
                                  Website                                                     TELE-satellite
                                                                  /     &
                                                        Triple Tuner PVR Receiver

                                        /LAn                        ●/●
                                  channel Memory                  unlimited
                                  DiSEqc                     1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3
                                  Scart/Digital Audio
                                                                    ●/●                                                  opinion
                                                                                          Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                  AM IKo ALIE features and
                                                      mbination of
                                      Unbeatable co cellent viewing pleasure!
                                      function – for


126 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

       Manufacturer                        Panodic

       Website                                               TELE-satellite
       Function                    Small        HD PVR
                                           Receiver                                     Magazine
            /LAn                           —/—
       DiSEqc                                —
       S-video/HDMI                         —/●
       Scart/Digital Audio                  ●/—
                                                             Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                27A DvB-T
                  panodic HDT-1 DVB-T
                    Well-equipped r


       Manufacturer                        Skyworth

       Website                                        TELE-satellite
                                   Very small      PVR
                                    Receiver with HDMI

             /LAn                           —/—

       DiSEqc                                 —
       S-video/HDMI                         —/●
       Scart/Digital Audio                  —/—
                                                             Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                     -21 DvB-T
                      Sk ywor th HT eiver with best
                               all rec
                  Extremely sm         cteristics
                       reception chara


                                                                 1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                               — 1                                                           127
AWARD WInnInG                         Digital Receivers of 21st century

                                  Manufacturer                       Amiko
                                  Website                                                     TELE-satellite
                                  Function                     /      &       Com-
                                                            bo Receiver with PVR

                                        /LAn                          ●/●
                                  channel Memory                   unlimited
                                  DiSEqc                      1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3
                                  Scart/Digital Audio
                                                                      ●/●                                               opinion
                                                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                                            pv R
                                                             -8 820 cI cX E
                                             AM IKo STHD ceive all Available
                                             Perfe ct Box to Re      mes
                                                      HDTV Program


                                  Manufacturer                      Skyworth

                                  Website                                              TELE-satellite
                                  Function                   Very small       PVR
                                                              Receiver with HDMI
                                        /LAn                          ●/●

                                                               1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3

                                                                      —/●                                                Expert
                                  Scart/Digital Audio                —/—

                                                                                          Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                                  -18 DvB- S2
                                                 Sk ywor th HS tured miniature
                                                          , fully-fea


128 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

 Manufacturer                      Panodic

 Website                                               TELE-satellite
                                 Mini Receiver with
                                HDMI and PVR                                      Magazine
      /LAn                          —/—
 DiSEqc                                —

 S-video/HDMI                        —/●
 Scart/Digital Audio                —/—

                                                       Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                               1E DvB-T
             panodic M360 eiver with
                          all rec
            Extremely sm
                            y HDTV tuner


Manufacturer                       AZBox
Website                                                  TELE-satellite
                         HDTV       /      Linux
                        Receiver with Multimedia
                        Features and large Flash-
                        memory for 3 Boot Images
     /LAn                           ●/●

channel Memory                    unlimited
DiSEqc                    1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / USALS
S-video/HDMI                       —/●
Scart/Digital Audio                —/●
                                                       Read TELE-satellite Test Report

                      AZ Box ME
                                    ux Receiver
          Today‘s absolute best Lin


                                                           1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                         — 1                                                           129
AWARD WInnInG                           Digital Receivers of 21st century

                                  Manufacturer                     Jiuzhou

                                                                /       ,      PVR
                                                               Digital Receiver
                                        /LAn                         ●/●

                                  channel Memory


                                                                      ●                                                 Expert
                                  S-video/HDMI                       ●/●

                                  Scart/Digital Audio                ●/●

                                                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                             o pv R DTS6
                                             Jiuzhou comb eiver for the
                                                 Top-notch rec
                                                       whole family


                                  Manufacturer                    Skyworth

                                  Website                                                  TELE-satellite
                                                                 Receiver with PVR

                                        /LAn                        —/—
                                  channel Memory                     1000

                                  pvR                                 ●


                                  Scart/Digital Audio

                                                                    —/—                                                  opinion
                                                                                          Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                                        1/ 1
                                                                     10-1 201
                                                            -11 pv R ISDB
                                              Sk ywor th HI trial receiver for
                                             Easy to use ter America


130 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

       Manufacturer                        Jiuzhou

       Website                                                TELE-satellite
                                       /       ,        PVR
                                       Digital Receiver

             /LAn                            ●/●

       channel Memory                        4000

       pvR                                     ●


       Scart/Digital Audio

                                             —/●                                           opinion
                                                                Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                          69 6
                            Jiuzhou DTS6mbo receiver
                                  m HD Co
                  Ideal living roo uth America
                             for So


       Manufacturer                        Amiko
       Website                                                 TELE-satellite
                                   Digital HDTV
                                   including dual boot

             /LAn                           ●/●
       channel Memory                     unlimited
       DiSEqc                        1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3
       Scart/Digital Audio
                                            ●/●                                            opinion
                                                                Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                     89 00 Alien
                      Amiko SHD-              er with two
                               al boot receiv
                 Innovative du erating systems
                      different op


                                                                    1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                  — 1                                                           131
AWARD WInnInG                         Digital Receivers of 21st century

                                  Manufacturer                       Fulan
                                  Website                                                    TELE-satellite
                                                         Digital HDTV Receiver with
                                  Function                      Dual-Boot and
                                                           Spark online-plattform

                                        /LAn                         ●/●
                                  channel Memory                   unlimited

                                  DiSEqc                      1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3
                                  S-video/HDMI                       —/●
                                  Scart/Digital Audio                —/●

                                                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                  FULAn ST 71 ting software
                                                    signed opera
                                      Excellently de in customer service
                                           with built-


                                  Manufacturer                      AZBox
                                  Website                                                        TELE-satellite
                                                         Digital HDTV Receiver with
                                                                 and         Tuners
                                  Function                 and various Multimedia

                                                             & Internet Features
                                        /LAn                         ●/●
                                  channel Memory                    15000
                                  Scart/Digital Audio
                                                              1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3
                                                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                                  IUM HD
                                                 AZ BoX pREM watching
                                                              er for
                                               Perfect rec eiv ls available
                                                all TV channe erica
                                                     in South Am

132 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

        Manufacturer                         Jiuzhou


        Function                  Digital PVR          Receiver

              /LAn                           —/—

        channel Memory                        1000
        pvR                                     ●

        S-video/HDMI                          —/●

        Scart/Digital Audio                   ●/●

                        JIUZHoU DT
                                    HDTV rec eiv
                                                   er             Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                   Future- proof          d with features
              for ter res trial TV loade              ty
                                     g picture quali
                  and outstandin


        Manufacturer                         AZBox
        Website                                                    TELE-satellite
                                  HDTV         receiver with
        Function                    various Multimedia
                                    & Internet Features
        channel Memory
                                             15000                                          Expert
        DiSEqc                        1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3
        S-video/HDMI                          —/●
        Scart/Digital Audio                   ●/●
                                                                  Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                      IUM HD pLUS
                     AZ BoX pREM eo quality
                        Excellent vid
                                         et ac cess
                        with full Intern


                                                                     1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
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134 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
                                            TELE-satellite                                                                         TELE-satellite
                                              Magazine                                                                               Magazine
                                            Expert                                                                                       Expert
                                            opinion                                                                                      opinion                                        
    Read TELE-satellite Test Report                                                            Read TELE-satellite Test Report

Manufacturer                                    Fujian Baotong                             Manufacturer                              Horizon Global Electronics
Website                                                       Website                             
Function                      Digital Meter & Receiver for        and    Signals           Function                     Digital Meter for Analogue,       and     Signals
Frequency Range                         47 ~ 862 MHz & 950 ~ 2150 MHz                      Frequency Range                                 48 ~ 862 MHz
video output                                         yes                                   video output                                          —
Built-in Monitor                               4.3 inch display                            Built-in Monitor                                 LCD display

                                  1-12/2012                                                                                1-12/2012
                Satlink WS-6936                                                                          HoRIZon HD-T2
           Very easy to use signal meter                                                        One of the world’s first DVB-T2 signal
           which also serves as receiver.                                                         analyzers with exceptional data

                                                                                                 1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                                               — 1                                                                          135
AWARD WInnInG                             Signal Analyzers of 21st century

                                          TELE-satellite                                                                          TELE-satellite
                                            Magazine                                                                                Magazine
                                           Expert                                                                                    Expert
                                           opinion                                                                                   opinion                                             
       Read TELE-satellite Test Report                                                        Read TELE-satellite Test Report

  Manufacturer                       Tianjin Deviser Electronics Instrument               Manufacturer                        Tianjin Deviser Electronics Instrument
  Website                                                     Website                               
  Function                                   Optical Power Meter                          Function                 Professional Meter for        ,      and CATV (analog TV)
  Frequency Range                            -43 dBm ~ +25 dBm                            Frequency Range                                   5 ~ 1000 MHz
  video output                                        —                                   video output                                            —
  Built-in Monitor                               LCD display                              Built-in Monitor                            320 × 240 TFT display

                                  1                                                                      DEvISER DS2400T
                 DEvISER AE 120                                                              This is by far the best handheld measuring
                optical power Meter                                                              instrument for DVB-T, DVB-C and
             Extremely simle to use but                                                       CATV I have come across. Deviser has
             at same time very accurate                                                                 done an excellent job!

136 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

                                           TELE-satellite                                                                                TELE-satellite
                                             Magazine                                                                                      Magazine
                                                   Expert                                                                                     Expert
                                                   opinion                                                                                    opinion                                                  
    Read TELE-satellite Test Report                                                                  Read TELE-satellite Test Report

Manufacturer                                       SPAUN Electronic                             Manufacturer                                      SatCatcher

Website                                                                  Website                             

Function                                       /       and DSS Signal Analyzer                  Function                               Digital and analog cable TV meter
Frequency Range                                      950-2150 MHz                               Frequency Range          46~862 MHz (for digital TV) and 46~870 MHz (for analog TV)
video output                                               —                                    video output                                           —
Built-in Monitor                               4.3” TFT LCD display (16:9)                      Built-in Monitor                         120 x 64 3.5“ LCD color display

                              04-05/2012                                                                                     02-03/2012
            SpARoS SAT HD                                                                               Satcatcher Digipro c Max
   Very useful meter for setting up critical                                                         More than a cable meter: includes
             satellite systems                                                                    everything a professional installer needs

                                                                                                      1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                                                    — 1                                                                           137
AWARD WInnInG                                Signal Analyzers of 21st century

                                           TELE-satellite                                                                               TELE-satellite
                                             Magazine                                                                                     Magazine
                                              Expert                                                                                    Expert
                                              opinion                                                                                   opinion                                          
       Read TELE-satellite Test Report                                                        Read TELE-satellite Test Report

  Manufacturer                               Horizon Global Electronics                   Manufacturer                           Tianjin Deviser Electronics Instrument

  Website                                                     Website                               

  Function                             Satellite and terrestrial antenna meter            Function                                       Satellite Antenna Meter

  Frequency Range             45~861 MHz (terrestrial) and 950~2150 MHz (satellite)       Frequency Range                                   950~2150 MHz

  video output                                             —                              video output                                             —

  Built-in Monitor                                    LCD display                         Built-in Monitor                                    LCD display

                                                                                                 Deviser S20 Satellite Meter
                                                                                              Ideally suited to fastly install dishes

                 Horizon HD-STM
      Perfect choice for an installer who values
               a practical instrument.

138 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

                                       TELE-satellite                                                                            TELE-satellite
                                         Magazine                                                                                  Magazine
                                            Expert                                                                                 Expert
                                            opinion                                                                                opinion                                              
     Read TELE-satellite Test Report                                                           Read TELE-satellite Test Report

Manufacturer                                   8dtek Technology                           Manufacturer                                8dtek Technology
Website                                                            Website                            
Function                            Satellite Meter for Antenna Alignment                 Function                           Satellite Meter for Antenna Alignment
Frequency Range            L-Band (950-2150 MHz), DVB-S/S2 and analog signal              Frequency Range           L-Band (950-2150 MHz), DVB-S/S2 and analog signal
video output                                A/V (composite + mono)                        video output                                    Composite
Built-in Monitor                            Color graphic 16:9 LCD                        Built-in Monitor                            Color graphic LCD

                           08-09/201                                                                                         1
         8DTEK DSM DESIRED                                                                         8DTEK DSM GIFTED
 A HDTV signal meter and receiver all in                                                       Very useful small tv meter with
 one with plenty of professional features                                                            high-end features

                                                                                                1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                                              — 1                                                                       139
AWARD WInnInG                                Signal Analyzers of 21st century

                                         TELE-satellite                                                                        TELE-satellite
                                           Magazine                                                                              Magazine
                                             Expert                                                                                 Expert
                                             opinion                                                                                opinion                                        
       Read TELE-satellite Test Report                                                        Read TELE-satellite Test Report

  Manufacturer                                    SatCatcher                              Manufacturer                          Horizon Global Electronics
  Website                                                     Website                          
                           Signal meter for digital signals in DVB-S, DVB-T and DAB.      Function                                  Antenna Alignment Meter
                                         Analogue signals in FM radio.
                                                                                          Frequency Range                               950~2150 MHz
  Frequency Range                                 46~870 MHz
                                                                                          video output                                        —
  video output                                     Composite
                                                                                          Built-in Monitor                               LCD display
  Built-in Monitor                       120 x 64 3.5“ LCD color display

      Combo Signal Analyzer with Huge
      Memory for Satellite and Terrestrial

                                                                                                        HoRIZon HD-S2
                                                                                            Extremely easy to use with an amazing
                                                                                                  list of features for the pros

140 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

                                         TELE-satellite                                                                        TELE-satellite
                                           Magazine                                                                              Magazine
                                          Expert                                                                                Expert
                                          opinion                                                                               opinion                                              
    Read TELE-satellite Test Report                                                             Read TELE-satellite Test Report

Manufacturer                                  SPAUN Electronic                              Manufacturer                        Horizon Global Electronics
Website                                                              Website                     
Function                           TV Signal Analyzer with WiFi Receiver                                                   Digital and analog terrestrial TV meter
                                                                                                                        with spectrum analyzer and USB data output
Frequency Range            45~865 MHz (terrestrial) and 950~2150 MHz (satellite)
                                                                                            Frequency Range                           49~861 MHz
video output                                   RCA Composite
                                                                                            video output                                   —
Built-in Monitor                         7 inch 16:9 color LCD display
                                                                                            Built-in Monitor                           LCD display

                           08-09/2010                                                                               08-09/2010
      SpARoS 609 WIFI opTIon
     Converts the signal analyzer to a                                                            HoRIZon HD-TM USB pLUS
         universally usable tool                                                                   Small, economic and fast
                                                                                                    terrestrial signal meter

                                                                                                  1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                                                — 1                                                                  141
AWARD WInnInG                              Signal Analyzers of 21st century

                                          TELE-satellite                                                                          TELE-satellite
                                            Magazine                                                                                Magazine
                                            Expert                                                                                Expert
                                            opinion                                                                               opinion                                         
       Read TELE-satellite Test Report                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report

  Manufacturer                                      SatCatcher                            Manufacturer                            Horizon Global Electronics
  Website                                                     Website                         
                             Signal Meter for DVB-T, analogue TV, digital DAB radio,      Function                Handheld Satellite Meter for fast and easy Dish Alignment
                                               analogue FM radio
  Frequency Range                                  46~870 MHz                             Frequency Range                              950~2150 MHz

  video output                                          —                                 video output                                       —

  Built-in Monitor                       120 x 64 3.5“ LCD color display                  Built-in Monitor                            128x64 Pixel LCD

                              06-07/2010                                                                             12-01/2010
       SATcATcHER DIGIpRo T MAX                                                                     HoRIZon nAnoSAT
   Easy to use signal meter that doesn’t stop                                                 Ideal for the speedy alignment of
    at DVB-T. Everything you want from a                                                              satellite antennas
                  signal meter

142 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

                                            TELE-satellite                                                                        TELE-satellite
                                              Magazine                                                                              Magazine
                                            Expert                                                                                    Expert
                                            opinion                                                                                   opinion                                             
    Read TELE-satellite Test Report                                                            Read TELE-satellite Test Report

Manufacturer                                    Global Invacom                             Manufacturer                               Horizon Global Electronics
Website                                                     Website                            
Function                             Signal Analyzer with an Optical Input                 Function                           Satellite Meter optimized for Ka-Band
Frequency Range                               950(160)~2150 MHz                            Frequency Range                                 950~2150 MHz
optical Range                                   +10 to -25 dBm                             video output                                          —
video output                                           —                                   Built-in Monitor                                  LCD display
Built-in Monitor                             Eight-digit LCD display

                             12-01/2010                                                                HoRIZon HD-Tc8
                                                                                                 Ideal multirange signal analyzer
    GLoBAL InvAcoM opTIScAn                                                                  for the Ka and Ku-bands, optimized for
   Future-proof satellite signal analyzer                                                       Turbo Coded Data Transmissions
       for optical and coaxial LNBs

                                                                                                 1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                                               — 1                                                                    143

146 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
Manufacturer                     LookeeTV
Website                                              TELE-satellite
                        Multimedia Player for local
                           media and Internet

WIFI /LAn                           ●/●
Internal Storage               yes, 1.14 GB
HDTv                         yes (up to 720p)
USB/SD card
                                    ●/●                                          opinion
                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report


Manufacturer                      AZBox
Website                                                 TELE-satellite
                       HDTV      /      Miniature
Function                HDTV Linux Receiver with
                          Multimedia Features
channel Memory
                                 unlimited                                       Expert
DiSEqc                  1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3 / USALS
S-video/HDMI                       —/●
Scart/Digital Audio                —/●
                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report

                    AZBox mini with Network
           Excellent mini- for a home network
            features - ideal


                                                          1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                        — 1                                                           147
AWARD WInnInG                         IpTv/WebTv Receivers of 21st century

                                  Manufacturer                       Amiko
                                  Website                                                     TELE-satellite
                                                                    /     &
                                                          Triple Tuner PVR Receiver

                                        /LAn                          ●/●
                                  channel Memory                    unlimited
                                  DiSEqc                       1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / 1.3
                                  Scart/Digital Audio
                                                                      ●/●                                                opinion
                                                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                  AM IKo ALIE features and
                                                      mbination of
                                      Unbeatable co cellent viewing pleasure!
                                      function – for


                                  Manufacturer                        AZBox
                                  Website                                                        TELE-satellite
                                                            HDTV       /      Linux
                                                           Receiver with Multimedia
                                                           Features and large Flash-
                                                           memory for 3 Boot Images
                                        /LAn                           ●/●

                                  channel Memory                    unlimited
                                  DiSEqc                     1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2 / USALS
                                  S-video/HDMI                        —/●
                                  Scart/Digital Audio                 —/●
                                                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report

                                                        AZ Box ME             iver
                                                                st Linux Rece
                                            Today‘s absolute be


148 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

Manufacturer       Logitech
Website                                                                       TELE-satellite
Function        IPTV Receiver
                                                                            Read TELE-satellite Test Report

                      Manufacturer                     Amiko

                      Website                                               TELE-satellite
                                                    /      &
                                              Combo Receiver with PVR

                      IpTv                            KartinaTV

                                                              pv R
                                                                            Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                               -8 820 cI cX E
                                 AM IKo STHD ceive all Available
                                 Perfect Box to ogrammes
                                         HDTV Pr


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                                              — 1                                                           149
AWARD WInnInG                         IpTv/WebTv Receivers of 21st century                                                  这些是获得最高奖的产品

                                  Manufacturer                     Amino
                                  Website                                                     TELE-satellite
                                  Function                   IPTV Set-top-Box
                                  Stream protocol                   UDP
                                  Menu Standards
                                                             NetUP Middleware
                                                                     —                                                   Expert
                                                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report


                                  Manufacturer                    Jiuzhou
                                  Website                                                   TELE-satellite
                                  Function                   IPTV Set-Top-Box
                                  Stream protocol                   UDP

                                                       HTML4, Javascript 1.5, Java
                                  Menu Standards
                                                           Virtual Machine
                                  WLAn                        ● (via USB stick)

                                                                                         Read TELE-satellite Test Report
                                                                p830 0
                                                 JIUZHoU DT uipped
                                                              r Eq
                                               IPTV Receive              y
                                              with Top- No tch Technolog


150 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
                                                Two-axis Motor control

Two Motors
Two Axes

■ It’s easy to construct a two-motor system for
a small offset antenna: one motor is mounted
directly to the mast while the second motor is
mounted at a 90° angle on the mast of the first
motor. The first motor on the mast controls the
elevation while the second motor is attached to
the satellite dish and controls the azimuth.

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•	Independent control of azimuth and elevation
•	Simplifies	the	installation	of	motorized	systems
•	Safe from accidental movement, for example, from a
•	Makes possible the perfect reception of inclined
•	Very simple to make

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                                                Two-axis Motor control

                                                                                                                        ■ The twin LnB on the dish has one output

Dual Motor
                                                                                                                        going to Motor 1 and the second output
                                                                                                                        going to Motor 2. The satellite receiver is
                                                                                                                        connected via a DiSEqc 2/1 switch.

Antenna control                                                                                                         with many different satellite receivers
                                                                                                                        that support the DiSEqC 1.2 protocol.

for Small Dishes
                                                                                                                        The Technical Data portion of a TELE-
                                                                                                                        satellite receiver test report always
                                                                                                                        identifies if a receiver supports the DiS-
                                                                                                                        EqC 1.2 protocol.
vitor Martins Augusto                                                                                                      Next we’d like to refresh your memo-
                                                                                                                        ry on the operating principles of a DiS-
                                                                                                                        EqC motor, that is, a motor with a single
                                                                                                                        axis. In general, these motors are very
   A fixed satellite antenna can only re-                  selves might not be exactly where                            easy to install. First you’d need the lon-
ceive one satellite, no matter what you                    they’re supposed to be, either because                       gitude and latitude of your location. You
do. If more satellites are to be received,                 they aren’t positioned correctly in space                    can easily find this information by en-
the antenna has to be turned and this                      or because they’re old and can’t main-                       tering the name of the closest city into
is typically done with actuator motors                     tain their correct position anymore.                         Google along with the words longitude
or horizon-to-horizon motors. Both of                         Professional satellite operators and                      and latitude.
these systems track an imaginary arc                       satellite DXers, those that are very                            The first result will usually give you
across the sky where all the satellites                    hard core hobbyists, use dual axis mo-                       what you need. Here in the city of Porto
can be found. Setting up one of these                      tors with which the antennac can be                          in northern Portugal, “Porto Longitude
systems is time consuming and comes                        moved not only in the azimuth direc-                         Latitude” was entered into Google with
with a lot of trial and error.                             tion (left/right), but also in the eleva-                    the following results: 41.1N latitude and
   Even when the antenna is correctly                      tion direction (up/down). This makes it                      8.6W longitude.
aligned and is then able to align itself                   possible to align the antenna perfectly                         The only thing missing was the dec-
with all the receivable satellites, this                   on any satellite.                                            lination (the inclination of the motor to
joy often doesn’t last too long. The big-                     For this workshop we came up with                         vertical). Some motor manufacturers
gest enemy is wind; it can easily knock                    something rather special and unique: is                      such as Moteck include an elevation ta-
the antenna out of alignment. It doesn’t                   it possible to mimic a professional two-                     ble in the package from which the in-
take much, and before you know it, the                     axis motorized antenna system using a                        clination can be read off based on the
antenna is no longer aligned with the                      pair of standard DiSEqC motors?                              latitude.
satellite arc.                                                These motors can be found in any                             Moteck makes it even easier for the
   Then, of course, the satellites them-                   satellite shop and they work very well                       user: on the website

154 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
■ Motor 2 is adjusted so that
the 0° position mimics the
mounting of Motor 2 on a
vertical mast.

tw all of the necessary data is avail-                     gle of the motor is -31, that is, 31 de-                     quick double-push of the button moves
able. You simply enter in the longitude                    grees to the east. With the help of the                      the antenna to the west.
and latitude of the antenna’s location                     button on the underside of the motor,                           At this point the motor is correctly
along with the position of the desired                     the antenna is manually moved to this                        aligned and the antenna itself is now
satellite.                                                 position. A single push of the button                        adjusted just like a normal fixed anten-
  Again, here in Porto, the azimuth an-                    moves the antenna to the east while a                        na. So, the entire motor/antenna as-
                                                                                                                        sembly is turned left and right while the
                                                                                                                        elevation of the antenna is adjusted up
                                                                                                                        and down until ASTRA 19.2 east comes
                                                                                                                        into focus.
                                                                                                                           It’s easier, of course, to adjust the
                                                                                    ■ Die grüne LED des                 antenna using a signal analyzer es-
                                                                                    Motors signalisiert,
                                                                                    dass der Motor aktiv                pecially when it can deliver real-time
                                                                                    geschaltet ist.
                                                                                                                        measurements. Theoretically, the ad-
                                                                                                                        justment work on the antenna is now
                                                                                                                        finished; now the receiver needs to be
                                                                                                                        configured for motorized reception.
                                                                                                                           In reality, though, the situation is
                                                                                                                        quite different: if the antenna is moved
                                                                                                                        to the extreme eastern and western
                                                                                                                        satellites, it won’t take long to notice
                                                                                                                        that the motor and antenna actually
                                                                                                                        don’t follow the satellites in a perfect
                                                                                                                           The antenna most likely needs to be
                                                                                                                        fine-tuned up or down for these outer
                                                                                                                        satellites. Regardless of whether the
                                                                                                                        necessary adjustment on both the

156 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
eastern and western ends is in the           ed for this workshop. First I obtained          mounted to Motor 1. Motor 1 handled
same direction or in opposite direc-         two Moteck SG2100A motors. These                the east/west movement of the anten-
tions, it can be determined what needs       motors have come to be known as ex-             na while Motor 2 handled the up/down
to be adjusted.                              cellent motors: they are inexpensive,           movement of the assembly.
   Sometimes the entire motor and an-        high-quality and have a long-life. This           The electrical switching also had to
tenna assembly needs to be turned to         motor has been driving my main an-              be figured out but it quickly became
the left or the right, in other cases the    tenna for five years now and there has          clear that only one DiSEqC 2/1 switch
elevation of the motor has to be cor-        never been a problem.                           and a twin LNB would be needed and, of
rected. Since the entire satellite arc         My first problem was that I might             course, the necessary LNB cables.
must be checked out with each adjust-        need to purchase extra adapters or                The DiSEqC 2/1 switch is to be used
ment to see if reception for all the sat-    have some custom made for me to                 to switch between Motor 1 and Motor
ellite positions got better or worse, this   mount the two motors to each other. I           2. A twin LNB needs to be used so that
process can take quite a bit of time.        tested it out on the drawing table and          you can still receive a satellite signal
   And when the antenna and motor are        wouldn’t you know it: it is essentially         independent of the DiSEqC setup. The
finally adjusted perfectly such that eve-    possible, as can be seen in the pictures,       two outputs of the LNB are connected
ry satellite position has the best pos-      to mount one motor at a 90 degree an-           to the inputs of the two motors. And as
sible signal reception, it is almost guar-   gle to the other without the need of any        far as the LNBs go, it would certainly
anteed that this process will have to be     extra accessories! From a mechanical            make sense to use high-quality twin
repeated after the first storm.              point of view, there was no longer any-         LNBs for this project.
   Some time ago I came up with an idea      thing in the way of this experiment.              Pay close attention to the power us-
to solve this problem; finally I acted on      For this experiment I used my test            age since the tuner will be loaded down
this idea. What would happen if two mo-      antenna – a 60 cm offset dish – that            with the switches, motors and twin
tors were used instead of one? The two       is normally mounted on a moveable               LNB. The reception capabilities of the
motors would be offset by 90 degrees         stand. The SG2100A can move dishes              LNB should also be sufficient. In this
so that the second motor would drive         as large as 120 cm in diameter. In this         test it was interesting to discover that
the first motor along with the attached      case, however, I don’t recommend us-            the two LNB outputs provided differ-
antenna up and down. A fine-tuning ad-       ing a low-cost antenna made out of              ent levels of signal quality. With that in
justment of the antenna would no long-       steel; they are simply too heavy. It            mind, the ‘better’ output should be con-
er be necessary; the antenna assembly        would be far better to use a name-              nected to Motor 1. The result is a con-
could simply be adjusted up or down for      brand antenna made out of aluminum.             nection diagram as shown in Figure 2.
each satellite position.                       The two motors were mounted on the              Out of sheer curiosity I connected a
   And this is exactly what I implement-     stand’s mast and then the antenna was           signal analyzer to the completed as-



                                                                    Figure 1: Motor manufacturer Moteck offers an easy to use
                                                                    calculator on their website It provides the
                                                                    declination angle for motor alignment based on the entry of your
                                                                    latitude and longitude as well as the orbital position of the desired
                                                                    Figure 2: Schematic diagram of the two-motor system. one of
                                                                    the LnB outputs goes to Motor 1 while the second output goes to
                                                                    Motor 2. The DiSEqc 2/1 switch is used to switch between the two

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                                                       Example of the
                                                       enormous range
                                                       provided by using
                                                       two motors:                                                       sembly and used it to control not only
                                                                                                                         the DiSEqC 2/1 switch, but also the two
                                                                                                                            Before I even started the previously
                                                                                                                         mentioned rough alignment based on
                                                                                                                         the Moteck user manual, I was able to
                                                                                                                         receive several different satellites just
                                                                                                                         by moving the two motors! Of course,
                                                                                                                         it doesn’t make much sense to leave
 normal position
                                                                                                                         the antenna setup in this state since for
                                                                                                                         each satellite you’d then have to move
                                                                                                                         both motors. But it was clear that this
                                                                                                                         idea would work.
                                                                                                                            So the first step was to roughly align
                                                                                                                         the system without a fine adjustment
                                                                                                                         of the antenna and Motor 1. The goal is
                                                                                                                         to remain independent of a fine-tuning
                                                                                                                         adjustment so that it won’t be neces-
                                                                                                                         sary to climb on the roof after a storm.
                                                                                                                         Additionally, each satellite should be
                                                                                                                         ideally setup for both motors so that
                                                                                                                         maximum reception is possible. Motor
                                                                                                                         2 was configured in such a way that
                                                                                                                         the 0 degree position represents what
                                                                                                                         it would be like if Motor 1 had been
 Maximum elevation                                                                                                       mounted directly on a vertical mast.
 (higher was possible,                                                                                                      Now it was time to generate a proce-
 but it was of no use)
                                                                                                                         dure for a receiver to control both mo-
                                                                                                                         tors. A method had to be found where
                                                                                                                         the receiver would first switch to DiS-
                                                                                                                         EqC A and drive Motor 1 to the desired
                                                                                                                         satellite after which it would switch
                                                                                                                         to DiSEqC B and move Motor 2 to the
                                                                                                                         stored position of the same satellite.
                                                                                                                            Since something like this would hard-
                                                                                                                         ly be possible without some program-
                                                                                                                         ming in the Linux firmware or the actual
                                                                                                                         design of a plug-in, I had to come up
                                                                                                                         with something simpler. My reference
                                                                                                                         receiver, the AZBox ME, offers more
                                                                                                                         possibilities than normal satellite re-
                                                                                                                         ceivers thanks to the Linux operating
                                                                                                                            After several attempts, I came up
 Back down                                                                                                               with the following operation: a dummy
                                                                                                                         channel (Motor 1) switches to DiSEqC
                                                                                                                         A while a second dummy channel (Mo-
                                                                                                                         tor 2) switches to DiSEqC B. Since two
                                                                                                                         identical motors are being used, the
                                                                                                                         same satellite table is used for both of
                                                                                                                         them so that Motor 1 stores the east/
                                                                                                                         west position and Motor 2 stores the el-
                                                                                                                            The actual operation would work like
                                                                                                                         this: if, for example, you want to switch
Minimum elevation
(even lower was                                                                                                          from one channel on ASTRA 19.2E to
possible)                                                                                                                another channel on HISPASAT 30W,
                                                                                                                         you first select dummy channel 1 and
                                                                                                                         then the desired channel on HISPA-
                                                                                                                         SAT. The antenna will then turn to the
                                                                                                                         west. Now if you also want to set the
                                                                                                                         elevation position of the antenna, you

 158 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                    1-12/2012 —
select dummy channel 2 and press the                                                                                                                   3
‘back’ button to go back to the desired
channel. The antenna will then move to
the correct elevation position already
stored in Motor 2’s memory. When nec-
essary, the elevation position can be
easily adjusted using the remote con-
trol. All you have to do is access the
Motor Configuration menu and use the
fine-tuning tool to bring the signal level
to its highest value.
   To make sure this all functions the
way it should, a few tricks are needed.
The two dummy channels used for DiS-
EqC 2/1 switching must correlate with
two different satellites in the receiver’s
satellite list. Since the motors should
be able to drive to every satellite, two
new dummy satellites have to be added
to the list.
   For this purpose I loaded the ‘sat-
ellites.xml’ file from the receiver via                    vides it in the corresponding format.                        \etc\tuxbox using Filezilla. In order for
FTP. A standard FTP program like the                          There are two new satellites that                         these modifications to be accepted, the
freeware Filezilla took care of that;                      need to be added with the names ‘Mo-                         receiver has to be restarted. Actually,
you simply have to configure the new                       tor 1’ and ‘Motor 2’. I also copied the                      it would be enough to restart the user
connection by entering the IP address                      lines defining ASTRA 19.2E twice, re-                        interface, which would be somewhat
of the AZBox ME in the host field. The                     named them and deleted all but one of                        faster.
user name is ‘root’ and a password                         the transponders. The reason for this                           Now it’s time to go to the tuner con-
is not needed. Note: if the receiver is                    is that eventually a scan will be per-                       figuration, that is actually set up for
connected to the Internet, you actually                    formed on this one transponder.                              DiSEqC 1.2 reception on LNB 1, and
should use a password for the ‘root’ ac-                      In order for the AZBox ME to accept                       switch the two dummy satellites to LNB
count. You can connect with Telnet in                      this modified satellite position, the po-                    2 and LNB 3. LNB 2 is configured in
the receiver and use the Unix command                      sition has to be altered since the re-                       such a way that it switches to DiSEqC
‘passwd’. You will then need to enter a                    ceiver can only accept one position at                       AA (without any DiSEqC 1.2 control)
password twice.                                            a time. That’s why I changed the en-                         and LNB 3 to DiSEqC AB. Now a scan
   The ‘satellites.xml’ file can be found                  try ‘position=192’ to ‘position=193’                         can be started for both of these satel-
in the \etc\tuxbox folder. This file has                   and ‘position=194’ so that in the future                     lites whereby the antenna, in my case,
to be opened on a PC with an editor                        I’ll know that these are copies of the                       has to be aligned to ASTRA 19.2E.
and for this purpose the freeware Note-                    ASTRA 19.2E satellite. Figure 3 shows                           The scan should only take place on
pad++ is recommended. It recognizes                        these modifications.                                         one transponder since we only need
the XML structure of the file and pro-                        This file now has to be copied back to                    one channel for each. It should prefer-
                                                                                 4                                      ably be an FTA channel in SD resolu-
                                                                                                                        tion because this would result in faster
                                                                                                                        channel switching times. See Figure 4.
                                                                                                                           When this scan is successful, the
                                                                                                                        Settings list must still be edited. With
                                                                                                                        the help of your favorite settings editor
                                                                                                                        for Linux receivers, it’s time to use the
                                                                                                                        last trick: All of the channels that were
                                                                                                                        found for both dummy satellites need
                                                                                                                        to be deleted except for one for each
                                                                                                                           The remaining two channels are then
                                                                                                                        renamed to ‘Motor 1’ and ‘Motor 2’ and

                                                                                                                        Figure 3: In order to control both
                                                                                                                        motors, the original satellite list is
                                                                                                                        duplicated twice. In this case the
                                                                                                                        satellite list 192 (ASTRA 19.2°E) was
                                                                                                                        resaved twice as satellite list 193 and
                                                                                                                        again as 194.
                                                                                                                        Figure 4: To trick Linux, two new
                                                                                                                        satellites were generated through a
                                                                                                                        channel scan.

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1                                                                                      6

2                                                                                      7

3                                                                                      8

4                                                                                      9

5                                                                                     10

162 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
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 1) The tuner configuration is accessed in the AZBox ME menu                                     then moved into one of the Favorites
 2) The AZBox uses an Availink AvL2108 tuner that is quite sensitive and is therefore            lists. Here they would need to occupy
 good for weaker signal situations.
 3) LNB 1 is configured in DiSEqC 1.2 mode for all satellite positions.
                                                                                                 position 1 and 2 in the list. Why?
 4) Since the SG2100A doesn’t support USALS, this option is turned off. This function               Linux receivers have a peculiarity that
 isn’t even appropriate for our project since we will be using the stored tables of both         we can take advantage of: the channels
 motors. The best thing would be to create a table that contains the stored motor position
 for every satellite. The menu would be called here ‘Stored position’.                           in the Favorites lists are numbered like
 5) next we will program LnB 2 for the dummy satellite ‘Switching Motor 1’ that won’t be         this! In other words, the first channel
 configured with DiSEqC 1.2 but rather with the Committed DiSEqC Command ‘AA’.                   in the Favorites list is channel 1 while
 6) For the dummy satellite ‘Switching Motor 2’ we are using LnB 3 with the committed            the second is channel 2. This makes it
 DiSEqc command ‘AB’.
 7) In the ‘Positioner Setup Menu’ we can now manually fine-tune the elevation of the
                                                                                                 very easy to switch between the two
 antenna as long as Motor 2 is active. Using our satellite table we know what motor              motors; you simply select channel 1 or
 storage position the respective satellites must be stored to.                                   2 on the remote control.
 8) Switching to channel 2: here Motor 2 was just activated!
                                                                                                    The arrow button on the remote con-
 9) From HISpASAT 30.0W we turn our antenna back…
                                                                                                 trol will take you to the previous chan-
 10) Where we first switch to channel 1…
 11) And then select a channel on ASTRA 19.2E…
                                                                                                 nel so in the end you always need only
 12) After a few seconds, the antenna is now pointing to this satellite and a TV picture         two button pushes to switch between
 appears.                                                                                        the two motors.
 13) now we switch to channel 2…                                                                    This entire process is only necessary
 14) Motor 2 is activated…                                                                       because the original receiver software
 15) And through the correction in elevation the signal level jumps from 17% to 46%!
                                                                                                 doesn’t include the capability to drive
 16) If, for example, you switch back to HISPASAT, the elevation changes since Motor 2 is
 still active. The picture shows how the signal level dropped to 39%.                            two motors. But in this way, it actually
                                                                                                 can be done!
                                                                                                    Through the rough alignment based

11                                                                    14

12                                                                    15

13                                                                    16

                                                                                 1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                               — 1                                                           163
on the Moteck manual I can, to some                        you switch to Motor 2. The DiSEqC                            signal analyzer overview in every issue
extent, receive almost every desired                       switch only provides power to the cur-                       of TELE-satellite would certainly help in
satellite. At the very least I’ll see a re-                rently active motor. The switch setup                        finding the right meter.
ception indicator. The signal for stable                   is actually necessary since the receiver                        One thing for sure: you should at first
reception isn’t always good enough.                        couldn’t provide enough power to drive                       have a direct view of the antenna while
That’s why it pays to have a second                        both motors at the same time anyway.                         working. It is somewhat remarkable
motor. All I have to do is press the ‘2’                      Some final thoughts: I’m amazed my-                       what you can do with two motors. It’s
button once and then the arrow but-                        self at the capabilities of this construc-                   a good idea to avoid any collisions by
ton. Now I can fine-tune Motor 2 up or                     tion. No more fumbling around on the                         setting motor limits; improper use can
down in the receiver’s motor menu until                    roof; I can now receive all of the satel-                    lead to damage. Not only that, make
I have a good signal. Now save the cur-                    lites for this size of antenna guaranteed                    sure that the LNB cables and especially
rent position and it’s all done!                           without having to go to the antenna. I                       the ‘F’ connectors are in good shape; a
   As you can see in the pictures, it’s                    can even receive those older satellites                      minimum of five LNB cables are used
quite obvious how I was able to im-                        that have begun to drift and thus re-                        and if only one of them is faulty, a se-
prove the reception of HISPASAT 30.0W                      quire an elevation adjustment on the                         vere failure chain of events could occur.
without having to get up from my easy                      antenna. Maybe this workshop will give                       I should know; I speak from experience
chair. It doesn’t get easier than this!                    some manufacturers an idea: develop a                        here.
   When everything is correctly set up,                    two-motor combo system for the two-                             The final tip: it’s best to work on the
you can switch between satellites very                     axis control of a satellite antenna? Or                      antenna in the evenings. The Moteck
quickly: ‘1’, select a channel, ‘2’ and                    design a satellite receiver that can con-                    motors have an LED that shows the
then back with the arrow button. You                       trol two motors at the same time?                            status of the motor. In this setup it
have to get a feel for it; you have to                        Here are a few more construction                          would be easy to identify which motor
allow enough time for Motor 1 to drive                     tips: it would help to have a signal ana-                    was currently active. It’s a great help in
to the desired satellite position before                   lyzer handy, preferably with DiSEqC                          finding out if the two dummy channels
                                                                                   1.2 support and                      used for motor control are functioning
                                                                                   also a real-time                     correctly. Now it’s your turn to have fun
                                                                                   spectrum.     The                    with this project!

                                                                                         17) After we surfed back to channel 1 and used the arrow button
                                                                                         to go back to a HISPASAT channel, the antenna then turns to
                                                                                         HISpASAT. This time the elevation position stored in Motor 2 was
                                                                                         driven to first, only after that did it switch to Motor 1.
                                                                                         18) But we want to improve the reception a little bit more. To do
                                                                                         this we switched back to Motor 2 (‘2’ button).
                                                                                         19) With the arrow button back to GoD Tv Europe.
                                                                                         20) And after we adjusted the elevation position in the ‘positioner
                                                                                         21) …we were able to achieve a signal level of 70% on this channel.

18                                                                                     20

19                                                                                     21

164 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
TEST REpoRT                      Receiver chip

166 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

                                   •	Full Integration of all
                                   digital modes
                                   •	Fully compatible with
                                   Google Apps
                                   •	Very low power
                                   •	3D compatible
                                   •	OpenTV beta receivers
                                   already available

                                   ■ The endless possibilities
                                    of the HI3716c.

                          1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           167
TEST REpoRT                      Receiver chip

A new Do-it-all chip
for Digital Receivers
  Modern receivers are based primarily on a single chip,                                ductor industry for telecom-                faces for DVB tuners, hard
the SoC, that combines all of the important functions.                                  munications and consumer                    drives and networks. Re-
With the hI3716C, hISILICON is starting a market of-                                    electronics and with its chips              ceivers that will be based on
fensive. We took a closer look at the technical specifi-                                in China one of the leaders                 the HI3716C chip should be
cations of these new chips so that we could get a better                                in the DVB-C and IPTV mar-                  very exciting; you’ll be able
idea of what kind of functions future receivers would                                   kets. Beyond all that, most of              to play 3D games on an An-
have with these chips.                                                                  our readers will recognize the              droid satellite receiver with
                                                                                        Huawei company name from                    enough power. The capabili-
   A digital receiver, regard-              a tuner, network chip, front-               the world of mobile phones.                 ties of this SoC chip are, ac-
                                                                                          To further expand their                   cording to the manufacturer,
less if it’s a receiver for satel-          end processor (for the re-
                                                                                        market position, Huawei has                 amazing:
lite reception, for terrestrial             mote control and TV screen),
                                                                                        recently introduced their lat-
reception, to connect to a ca-              etc., around the SoC in order
ble network or if it’s a media              to build a complete receiver.
                                                                                        est SoC. And this one has                       open Architecture
                                                                                        what it takes: finally there’s                • Support from Linux and
player with Internet access,                  Typically the SoC chip
                                                                                        an SoC for receivers that are               Android operating systems
is comprised in essence of                  manufacturer will provide a
                                                                                        based on the ARM architec-                    • Open-Source
an SoC (“System on Chip”).                  corresponding development
                                                                                        ture, specifically on the ARM                 • High performance 3D
It consists of a microproces-               environment with OEM firm-                  A9 processor. This means                    graphics component with
sor that combines all of the                ware and a hardware refer-                  that not only does Linux run                support from OpenGL for
critical components (such as                ence design so that receiver                directly on the chip but also               games and flash acceleration
CPU, graphics, de-multiplex-                manufacturers can test a                    Android 4.x. This SoC also
er, controller, memory inter-               simplified version of the end-              has a 3D graphics portion
face, audio chip, etc.).                    product.                                    built into it with which current                communication
   Receiver       manufacturers               HISILICON, a company of                   3D games would function.                      • Video Telephony
then need to incorporate                    the Huawei Group, is an old                   Yet the HI3716 can do even                  • Voice Over Internet Pro-
RAM, flash memory as well as                familiar name in the semicon-               more in that it also has inter-             tocol (VoIP)

■ Reference designs
already exist, here in
form of a high-end
Linux HD STB.

                                                                                                                                                   HISILIcon HI3716c
                                                                                                                                    Do-it-all chipset for receivers that incorporates
                                                                                                                                               all of today’s digital services


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   network                                     Logos,                                    sic                                 Multi Image
                                                                                            • MP3 playback with text
   Functions                                   Information and                              • Playback of pictures in        preview
  • Two 10/100 Mbit Ether-                     Advertisement                             various formats with hard-          • Dynamic previews from
net Ports with support from                   • Static images can be                     ware supported JPEG and           multiple sources (local mo-
VLAN and DHCP                               displayed immediately after                  PNG decoding                      saic)
  • A 10/100/1000 Mbit Eth-                 turn-on, such as the manu-                      •   Hardware      supported      • Supports advertising
ernet Port for a high speed                 facturer logo                                special effects, for example,     spots in multi-image mosaic
network connection                            • Playback of local videos                 for page changes (animated          • Automatic volume com-
  • Low-Cost connection pos-                and streams from the Inter-                  turning of pages, scrolling,      pensation between different
sibilities for WLAN adapters                net immediately after turn-                  etc.)                             channels
via integrated PCIe interfaces              on                                              • Playback of MJPEG chips
  • Connection of peripheral                  • Support of interactive                   from mobile phones, digital         With all of these new ca-
devices via USB ports                       services and advertisements,                 cameras or Personal Media         pabilities, it’s easy to see the
  • Connection of peripheral                for example, during an EPG                   Players (PMP)                     exceptional potential of the
devices via SATA/eSATA in-                  channel change                                  • Playback of multimedia       new receiver generation: this
terfaces                                                                                 files in all their various for-   together with modern flat-
  • Support of FAT32 or                                                                                                    screen TVs will become the
NTFS file systems – compat-
                                               Games                                     mats
                                                                                                                           place to go for many differ-
                                               • Console games and on-
ible with PC formatted hard                                                                                                ent multimedia formats. And
                                            line games                                      power                          this could be live digital TV,
  • Recording of encrypted
                                               • Plays back background                      concumption                    IPTV or totally new functions
                                            music and sound effects                        • Total power usage in
and unencrypted streams                                                                                                    such as the display of video
                                               • Powerful floating-point                 Standby less than 1 W
  • Timer for recording of                                                                                                 streams from security cam-
                                            coprocessor and 3D GPU to                      • Typical power usage in
channels via the Electronic                                                                                                eras, video telephony or the
                                            improve the game experi-                     operation less than 9 W
Program Guide (EPG)                                                                                                        display of pictures that were
                                            ence                                           • Automatic standby at
  • Display of a transpond-                                                                                                taken by mobile telephone
er with time Shift while the                                                             preset times                      cameras. In this way the
channel of another tran-                       Home Digital                                                                HI3716C chip becomes the
sponder is being recorded                      Entertainment                                3D Tv                          multimedia headquarters in
(twin tuner)                                 • Playback of locally stored                  • Playback of side-by-side      your own home and makes
                                            music as well as Internet mu-                3D videos                         possible easy access to the

■ A version of an Android HD STB is possible, as well.

170 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
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Internet.                         corresponding to 2500 MPIs         is not about an SoC that was         Source driver development.
   A note for end users: if       (Million Operations per Sec-       developed for mobile tele-              Even if this approach were
possible, thought should be       ond). This involves opera-         phones or tablets, rather it’s       successful, there was anoth-
given to setting up the home      tions with floating-point val-     one that was designed spe-           er grave problem: the Apps
with a proper network infra-      ues.                               cifically for receivers.             would not have been binary
structure. Cabling is definite-      The problem with receiv-           With the right Android            compatible with the Apps for
ly preferred so that in the fu-   ers already on the market          Apps, the perfect receiver           ARM processors which would
ture HDTV can be streamed         with the Android operating         and multimedia player can be         have prevented access to
to every room in the house.       system is that the important       implemented. Thanks to the           stores such as the Google
If necessary, WLAN can be         components, for example, to        speedy Cortex A9 and the 3D          Store. This would have great-
used as can the existing pow-     connect tuners are missing.        GPU with OpenGL ES 2.0 sup-          ly reduced the usefulness of
er lines in the house. With       It therefore becomes difficult     port, the receiver can also          the Android system.
this kind of infrastructure       for those available boxes with     serve as a game console.                The new chip from HIO-
new receivers based on the        ARM processors to establish           Some manufacturers have           SILICON stands out in that it
new modern SoC’s like the         themselves as real set top         already tried to implement           gives you a true Android feel-
HI3716C make sense since          boxes.                             such a receiver through other        ing while at the same time
now all services would be ful-       The HI3716C changes eve-        methods. Instead of integrat-        guaranteeing typical receiver
ly integrated throughout the      rything. In the SoC are ad-        ing a receiver with an ARM           and multimedia functions.
house. It wouldn’t matter, for    ditional hardware kernels for      processor and a second SoC              The Apps developer, thanks
example, if that movie were       DES/3DES/AES-encryption,           for the receiver functions,          to the Linux-based Android
stored on a PC or in the set      DEMUXERs for the con-              which would have, of course,         and the Open Source nature
top box; it can be played back    nection of DVB-S/C/T tun-          doubled production costs,            of the HI3716C, that can be
on a tablet, on a laptop or on    ers, JPEG/PNG- and H264/           they tried to port Android           used to design receiver and
a TV monitor. Welcome to the      MPEG2/MPEG4/AVS/ VC-1/             onto other processor fami-           multimedia programs, is just
multimedia age of network         Real/H.263-Decoders,      etc.     lies. The MIPSANDROID pro-           fascinating. Just recently, for
technology!                       Additionally the SoC is al-        ject is unfortunately an ex-         example, the XBMC (Xbox
   In order to provide all of     ready set up for the con-          ample of how fast problems           Multimedia Center) porting
these functions, the HI3716C      nection of USB2.0, SATA/           could arise. The porting could       for Android devices has start-
has to be a highly integrated     eSATA/DDR2 and DD3/Flash/          not be completed because             ed and the first beta versions
SoC. The central component        Wifi Modules/card readers/         the SoC manufacturer did not         can already be installed. We
is the ARM Cortex A9 proces-      Smartcard readers, remote          make the necessary specifi-          tried it out and can confirm
sor that operates at 1 GHz,       control, HDMI, etc. So, this       cations available for the Open       this is a fully featured trans-

■ And the HI3716c can of course be used as the basis of an open Tv set-top-box.

                                                                              1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
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1                                                                                                                       formation that simply blows
                                                                                                                        all other media players away.
                                                                                                                           But on paper technical
                                                                                                                        specifications are always
                                                                                                                        good. How does it look with
                                                                                                                        production units? The first
                                                                                                                        prototypes from HISLICON
                                                                                                                        were introduced at the CCBN
                                                                                                                        trade show in Beijing and re-
                                                                                                                        sulted in a lively crowd of vis-
                                                                                                                        itors. Not only was there just
                                                                                                                        one complete Android 4.0
                                                                                                                        receiver to stare in wonder
                                                                                                                        at, there were three differ-
                                                                                                                        ent models: an HD receiver
                                                                                                                        based on Android 2.2 with
                                                                                                                        SmartCard reader and USB
                                                                                                                        ports, an OpenTV set top box
                                                                                                                        with integrated tuner and
                                                                                                                        last but not least, the star of
                                                                                                                        the show, a high-end Linux
                                                                                                                        HD receiver. The latter mod-
                                                                                                                        el had so many connections
                                                                                                                        that we couldn’t see straight
                                                                                                                        anymore. On the rear panel
                                                                                                                        were four USB 2.0 ports, two
                                                                                                                        network jacks, eSATA, twin
                                                                                                                        tuner, HDMI and component
                                                                                                                        outputs, as well as composite
                                                                                                                        video, L+R audio and SPDIF
                                                                                                                        (optical and coaxial) outputs.
                                                                                                                        The prototypes could simul-
                                                                                                                        taneously playback video
                                                                                                                        from the tuner and Internet
                                                                                                                        video; on top of that paral-
                                                                                                                        lel Apps and widgets were
                                                                                                                        blended in. It was wonderful!
                                                                                                                           The operations interface
                                                                                                                        can be custom designed by
                                                                                                                        the manufacturer so that
                                                                                                                        instead of a normal Android
 3                                                                                                                      GUI, a GUI designed for the
                                                                                                                        receiver can be displayed.
                                                                                                                        This makes this SoC also quite
                                                                                                                        interesting for IPTV boxes or
                                                                                                                        even for hotel receivers. It
                                                                                                                        would allow additional servic-
                                                                                                                        es to be implemented simply
                                                                                                                        and cost-effectively.
                                                                                                                           The trend is clear: a chip like
                                                                                                                        the HI3716C will completely
                                                                                                                        change the look in many liv-
                                                                                                                        ing rooms. Where today you’d

                                                                                                                        1. Many people visited the
                                                                                                                        HISILIcon both during the
                                                                                                                        CBBN 2012, fascinated with
                                                                                                                        prototypes using the HI3716c.
                                                                                                                        2. Full media player support,
                                                                                                                        with access to network
                                                                                                                        shares, UPnP servers, etc.
                                                                                                                        3. The highlight: a set-top-box
                                                                                                                        running Android 4.0. note the
                                                                                                                        screen on the right playing a
                                                                                                                        3D video!

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                                                                                                                        find receivers, media players
                                                                                                                        and game consoles next to or
                                                                                                                        under the TV, it won’t be long
                                                                                                                        before just one single receiver
                                                                                                                        is all that would be needed.
                                                                                                                        An interesting market is ho-
                                                                                                                        tels that in the future would
                                                                                                                        be able to offer more than just
                                                                                                                        PayTV. Desirable would be real
                                                                                                                        Android based devices with ac-
                                                                                                                        cess to hotel information, In-
                                                                                                                        ternet and a multitude of me-
                                                                                                                        dia formats. This could all be
 2                                                                                                                      implemented cost-effectively
                                                                                                                        with the HI3716C. IPTV receiv-
                                                                                                                        ers with the HI3716C would
                                                                                                                        greatly increase the range of
                                                                                                                        services offered by providers
                                                                                                                        and at the same time blend
                                                                                                                        in information and advertising
                                                                                                                        spots that would help finance
                                                                                                                        the entire package.
                                                                                                                           So now we sit and wait for
                                                                                                                        the first receivers to come
                                                                                                                        out that are fitted with the
                                                                                                                        HI3716C chip from HISILICON!

                                                                                                                        1. 4. Simple GUI for all
                                                                                                                        multimedia activities? can be
                                                                                                                        2. …while the DvB-S2 tuner
                                                                                                                        keeps playing!
                                                                                                                        3. All you could ever dream of:
                                                                                                                        Internet, multimedia, games
                                                                                                                        console, receiver – all in one
                                                                                                                        single device.


174 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
    ■ Functional Block
    Diagram of the

                                                                                                                        ■ Typical
                                                                                                                        Block Diagram

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                             Expert opinion                                                  Content protection for serial advanced technology attachment (SATA) or external
                                                                                             serial advanced technology attachment (eSATA) hard disks
    Soc with ARM cortex A9 and possibility to
                                                                                             Security processing
    integrate digital tuners
    open Source                                                                              Advanced security features

+   Android 4.x support                                                                      One-time programmable (OTP) and chip ID Graphics Processing
    All current interfaces and connections pos-                                              Enhanced full-hardware 2D graphics acceleration engine
    sible                                                                                    Full-hardware anti-aliasing and anti-flicker
    Low power consumption                                            vitor Martins Augusto
                                                                                             Full-hardware 3D graphics processing unit (GPU) acceleration engine
    The Ip address can not be changed using nMS                             Test Center
                                                                               Portugal      Standard OpenGL ES 2.0/1.1/1.0 OpenVG 1.1 interfaces
                                                                                             Display processing
                              TEcHnIcAL                                                      2-layer on-screen display (OSD)
                                          DATA                                               16-bit or 32-bit color depth
cpU                                                                                          Two background layers and two video layers
High-performance core solo ARM Cortex A9 processor                                           1920-pixel width for each layer
Mechanism of providing dual-core services, processing capability of 2500 MIPs                Image enhancement
Built-in I-cache, D-cache, and L2 cache                                                      Audio/video Interface
Hardware JAVA acceleration                                                                   Output norm of PAL, NTSC, or SECAM and force standard
Floating-point coprocessor                                                                   conversion
Memory control Interface                                                                     Aspect ratio of 4:3 or 16:9, force aspect ratio conversion, and scaling
Double-data rate 2 (DDR2)/DDR3 interface                                                     1080p 50(60)/1080i/720p/576p/576i/480p/480i outputs
        Maximum memory of 1 GB                                                               Receiving of standard-definition and high-definition signals
        32-bit memory width                                                                  Simultaneous output of high-definition and standard-definition signals from the
Serial peripheral interface (SPI) flash                                                      same source or different sources

NAND flash                                                                                   xvYCC (IEC 61966-2-4) standard for color gamut

video Decoding                                                                               Digital video interface

H264 MP, HP@ level 4.1                                                                                High-definition multimedia interface 1.4 (HDMI 1.4) with high-bandwidth
                                                                                                      digital content protection 1.2 (HDCP 1.2)
                                                                                                      One BT.656/601 or BT.1120 video input (VI) interface
                                                                                                      One 24-bit red-green-blue (RGB) output interface
MPEG4 SP@ levels 0–3 and ASP@ levels 0–5
                                                                                             Analog video interface
MPEG4 short header format (H.263 baseline)
                                                                                                      One composite video broadcast signal (CVBS) interface
                                                                                                      One YPrPb interface
AVS baseline@ level 6.0
                                                                                                      One S-Video interface
                                                                                                      Six built-in video digital-to-analog converters (DACs)
                                                                                                      Configurable output interface
                                                                                                      Macrovision and vertical blanking interval (VBI)
Decoding capabilities of 1080p (30 fps) and 576i (25 fps) or 480i (30 fps)
                                                                                             Audio interface
Video post-processing such as denoising and deblocking Picture Decoding
                                                                                                      Left-audio and right-audio channels (RCA output interface with
Full high-definition JPEG decoding, a maximum of 64 megapixels
                                                                                                      low impedance and imbalance)
PNG decoding, a maximum of 64 megapixels
                                                                                                      Sony/Philips digital interface (SPDIF)
Audio/Video Encoding
                                                                                                      One built-in audio DAC
H.264/MPEG-4 video encoding, a maximum of 720x576@25 fps
                                                                                                      One digital audio input/audio output (AI/AO) interface
JPEG encoding                                                                                         (pulse code modulation (PCM) with multiple time slots)
Variable bit rate (VBR) and constant bit rate (CBR) modes for video encoding                 peripheral Interface
1-channel audio encoding                                                                     One eSATA/SATA interface (with integrated physical layer (PHY)),
Echo cancellation                                                                            supporting 1.5 Gbit/s or 3.0 Gbit/s rate
Audio Decoding                                                                               One peripheral component interconnect express (PCIe) interface (with integrated PHY)
MPEG L1/L2 decoding                                                                          Two USB 2.0 host ports (with integrated PHY)
Dolby digital and Dolby digital plus decoding                                                One 8-bit secure digital input/output (SDIO) interface
AC3 transparent transmission                                                                 Two 10/100 Mbit/s adaptive Ethernet ports supporting the 2-layer or 3-layer switch
Down mixing                                                                                  function or one 10/100 Mbit/s or 10/100/1000 Mbit/s adaptive Ethernet port

Resampling                                                                                   Three universal asynchronous receiver transmitter (UART) interfaces

2-channnel sound mixing                                                                      Two smart card interfaces, supporting T0, T1, and T14 protocols

Intelligent volume control                                                                   One infrared (IR) receiver processor and two input interfaces

TS Demultiplexing/pvR                                                                        One light emitting diode (LED) and keypad control interface

3-channel transport stream (TS) inputs including 1-channel intermediate                      Three inter-integrated circuit (I2C) interfaces
frequency (IF) input                                                                         13 groups of general-purpose input/output (GPIO) interfaces
One built-in quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) module                                    others
1-channel QAM loopback output                                                                Fast startup
A maximum of 96 packet ID (PID) filters                                                      Downloading and running of boot programs through the serial port
Full-service personal video recorder (PVR)                                                   Passive standby and low-power consumption
Recording of scrambled and non-scrambled streams                                             Entire standby power less than 1 W
Advanced encryption standard (AES), data encryption standard (DES),                          Typical entire power less than 9 W in operating mode
or triple data encryption standard (3DES) data encryption                                    756-pin plastic ball grid array (PBGA) package with 31 mm x 31 mm dimensions
Content protection for universal serial bus (USB) devices                                    and 0.8 mm pitch

                                                                                                   1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                                                 — 1                                                                              177
DIGITAL TEcHnoLoGY                                new Developments

Take Advantage

                                        Read TELE-satellite's Technical
                                       Feature Stories to Know All About
                                         the Digital Developments and
                                         new Technical Breakthroughs
                                          Enjoy Reading TELE-satellite
                                                  FREE on Your
                                                Tablet Computer

178 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
The Secret Special Transmission Modes                                            How a tuner for vcM operates

All About Fiber optic connectors                                                 DvB-S2 MIS Reception with vcM/AcM    

Basic Knowledge: polar Mount Antennas                                            Automatic creation of 3D         

DvB-S2: Hide the SD inside the HD                                                How a Silicon Tuner Works      

                               — 06-07/2012 — TELE-satellite TELE-satellite — The World‘s— 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                            — 1
                                                                              1-12/2012 — International International Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine   179
DIGITAL TEcHnoLoGY                                new Developments
 channel capacity of a Transponder                                                  How HbbTv Works                 

 CI+ and HD+Encryption                                                              How DvB-c2 Works                 

 How MpEG Surround Works                                                            Streaming Tv via the Internet mpeg-surround.pdf         

 How the SFn Modulation Works                                                       Testing Horizon to Horizon Actuator                    

180 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
How ScR Works                                                                How to calculate the power Factor             

How Decoding Works                                                           How to Solve problems with DiSEqc        

How ABS-S Works                                                              How the 3D Diffractive Antenna Works           

Matching LnB with Dish                                                       Relation between Dish Size and EIRp        

                            — 06-07/2012 — TELE-satellite TELE-satellite — The World‘s— 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                         — 1
                                                                           1-12/2012 — International International Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine   181
DIGITAL TEcHnoLoGY                                new Developments
 Secrets of the Aspect Ratio                                                        Secrets of Antenne Alignment           

 How the network connection Works                                                   The Secrets of HDMI    

 How the Ka Band Works                                                              The Relation of Dish Size and EIRp                

 How MpEG Works                                                                     The Secrets of polarization                  

182 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 — — 06-07/2012 — TELE-satellite TELE-satellite — The World‘s— 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
    — 1
                                      1-12/2012 — International International Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine   183
coMpAnY REpoRT                            Antenna and HDMI Manufacturer, UK

■ Antiference’s administration
building in the Fradley
Distribution Park in Lichfield
near Birmingham, UK. There’s
also a logistics center in

184 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
 75 Years of
Tv Antennas

  •	Manufacturing TV antennas since 1937
  •	Provides all the components needed for TV
  •	Expanding into HDMI distribution, as well as
  wireless solutions
  •	Expanding distribution network to the
  European market
  •	Offers their own products as OEM and private

                                    1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
  — 1                                                           185
coMpAnY REpoRT                            Antenna and HDMI Manufacturer, UK

over 70 Years
of Tv Antenna Experience
   Everything has a beginning; even TV
reception, that for us today is a part of
life, had a starting point. For England
that was in 1936 when the first regular
TV transmissions began. Broadcasting
took place on VHF channel 1 (50 MHz)
and a system with 405 lines was used.
Today SD uses 720 lines and HD 1080

   These first TV broadcasts were trans-
mitted from Alexandra Palace in Lon-
don (The site is still in operation today
and is now used for DVB-T2 and DAB+).
At the time, it was an absolute sensa-
tion and raised the curiosity levels of
two electronics technicians: Norman
Best and M. S. Beebe. They recognized
the unbelievable potential of this new
technology and thereby found their
market niche that they never changed
after they founded their company in
1937. They named the company An-
tiference, and this name was based
on the main problem that existed back
then: the interference that was created

■ Trevor paintain is Antiference’s Managing
Director. He is seen here holding the current
84-page product catalog in his right hand
filled with all of their TV reception and
Tv distribution products. In his left hand
he’s holding one of Antiference’s success
stories: the Tribeam UHF antenna.

          ë          Lichfield

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                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
                                           rod manufacturing company was ac-               antenna systems.” Not long after that
                                           quired. This company was located in             he expanded his activities to include
                                           Lichfield, a half hour train ride north         an antenna installation wholesale busi-
                                           of Birmingham in England’s Midland. In          ness. “Today his company Bitek oper-
                                           1998 the entire company moved to this           ates five branch offices all across Aus-
                                           location and it can still be found there        tralia.” In 2007 Kaz Bialecki started his
                                           today. Antiference’s Managing Director          own manufacturing: “In Guangzhou,
                                           is Trevor Paintain; he’s been with An-          China, 150 employees produce anten-
                                           tiference for 15 years now. He tells us         nas and accessories, that is, things like
                                           who the current owners of Antiference           LCD holders, antenna mounts, antenna
                                           are: “Since May of 2011 Antiference has         outlets and other installation material.”
                                           been owned by Mr. and Mrs. Bialecki
                                           from Australia.”                                  Now the connection is beginning to
                                                                                           make sense. Bitek is one of the larg-
                                             How did someone from Australia end            est antenna distributors in Australia
                                           up buying a British company? It turns           and an antenna manufacturer in China
                                           out that this was a very logical develop-       while Antiference is one of the largest
                                           ment. “In the 1990’s Kaz Bialecki start-        antenna manufacturers and distribu-
                                           ed a company in Australia that installed        tors in Great Britain. For Kaz Bialecki

■ Arnold Boeijen is Antiference’s
European Export Manager and the
first contact for dealers that want to
distribute Antiference’s products in
Europe. He can be directly reached by
e-mail at

by those antennas that were not per-
fectly matched to the frequency. The
antennas from Antiference were the
solution to that problem; they reduced

   In 1938 their young company be-
came a limited liability company in the
London Company Register and the two
young owners hired their first employ-
ees. Back then TV antennas were con-
sidered real high-tech products and
the number of customers they had was
very small. It all really began to take
off in the 1950’s when TVs became af-
fordable and the demand for antennas
skyrocketed. The company, that up un-
til then had its headquarters in central
London, moved to the outskirts of the
city and manufactured TV antennas
with nearly 250 employees. That initial
boom slowly faded but then in 1964
BBC started their second channel in the
UHF band. That meant a renewed de-
mand, this time for UHF antennas.

  The company went through a series
of ups and downs in the demand for
antennas so they began to diversify.
This went so far that even a curtain

■ Many of Antiference’s success
products are on display in their
showroom including HDMI
components, TV amplifiers as well                                   ■ Two electronics technicians founded the company in 1937; it
as cable head ends.                                                 was officially entered into the London Company Register on 28th
                                                                    January 1938.

                                                                           1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                         — 1                                                           189
■ The directional elements in an
X formation of a UHF antenna
were developed by Antiference.
This principle has been in use
by Antiference since 1949.
The antenna in the picture can
receive the entire UHF band
(channels 21 to 60) with a 14.5
dB gain.

it was a logical move to acquire An-                       decisions.” Interested dealers still have                    tenna outlet boxes ranging from those
tiference: now the combined company                        a chance to distribute Antiference’s                         with two satellite jacks and a TV con-
could become more active in the mar-                       products, “and that even under their                         nection all the way up to all-inclusive
ket: “Our focus is high quality products                   own company name no less!”                                   boxes with every possible combination
at an inexpensive price and that holds                                                                                  as well as HDMI and other connections.
true even for orders from smaller dis-                        Now it’s time to take a closer look at                    “These days, modern installations de-
tributors”, confirms Trevor Paintain on                    all the products Antiference has to of-                      mand a variety of different connections
the company’s philosophy. “Through                         fer. As it turns out, TV antennas only                       and our outlets are set up for every
our 75 years of experience in antenna                      make up a part of Antiference’s sales.                       possible variation.”
manufacturing and through Bitek’s pro-                     “Our signal distribution product group
duction experience, the advantages                         makes up about 30% of our sales”, says                          And yet Antiference even has new
of both companies have become very                         Managing Director Trevor Paintain, “TV                       things to offer with TV antennas. “We’re
important.” Because of this the market                     antennas is also at 30%, accessories                         developing antennas with built-in LTE
for Antiference has grown enormously.                      make up 15% with mechanical compo-                           filters”, we learn from Trevor Paintain.
“We are now actively expanding.” The                       nents and coaxial cable each taking up                       At the moment there aren’t too many
main goal for Antiference is the Euro-                     10%.” The remaining 5% is covered by                         LTE broadcasters out there as yet but
pean market.                                               a new product line from Antiference:                         this will soon change and then the de-
                                                           cable head ends. The TELE-satellite                          mand for LTE filters, devices that can
   And it is there on this continent that                  test center is already preparing to test                     filter out the signals of LTE broadcast-
Arnold Boeijen has his office. He is An-                   an Antiference cable head end.                               ers for TV reception, will drastically in-
tiference’s European Export Manager                                                                                     crease.
and he reveals to us another interest-                       “Our R&D Team is also currently
ing piece of information: “All of our                      working on the subject of HDMI”, re-                           Antiference over the past 75 years
products can be ordered by national                        veals Trevor Paintain about an entirely                      has remained true to one thing for
distributors as OEM or private label.”                     new product line that is just getting                        sure: TV reception. The technology
Since Antiference has only just started                    started. “We have everything that you’d                      over all of these years has consist-
building up a European distribution net-                   need today for HDMI distribution.”                           ently changed but Antiference has al-
work, there are still quite a few blank                                                                                 ways been there offering the matching
spots on the map of Europe. “We have                         A highlight is a wireless system for                       products for these changes. Through
already received a number of inquiries                     HDMI that we will also be introducing in                     the merger with the Australian distri-
from national distributors interested in                   a test report here in TELE-satellite very                    bution company and the manufacturer
selling our products in their country”,                    shortly. “A very interesting segment is                      in China, Antiference has everything it
we learn from Arnold Boeijen, “but thus                    antenna outlet boxes.” Here Antifer-                         needs to remain very successful in the
far we’ve only made just a few definite                    ence can offer a large variety of an-                        TV reception/component market.

190 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
   ■ Ivor Southam is
   Antiference’s Supply
   chain Manager.
   He’s in charge
   of purchasing


192 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
    ■ Kerry cunningham is
    responsible for administration.
    She gets all the bills.

2                                                                   3

                                                                        1. Antiference’s new product line
                                                                        consists of HDMI components. Available
                                                                        are matrixes, distributors, converters
                                                                        and amplifiers.
                                                                        2. Brand new: no more HDMI distribution
                                                                        via cable: now it’s wireless HDMI
                                                                        distribution. A test report by TELE-
                                                                        satellite on this system is in the works.
                                                                        3. The selection of antenna outlet boxes
                                                                        is enormous. Here we see only two
                                                                        differently equipped examples. All the
                                                                        different variations that you might find
                                                                        in a home are covered here.

                                                               1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                             — 1                                                           193
coMpAnY REpoRT Digital TV Retailer USATel, Sao Paulo, Brazil

        ■ Behind this unremarkable wall of a small
         villa can be found online shop USATel’s
         headquarters in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
         Administration can be found in the right
         side of the building; the warehouse can be
         seen in the background.

         USATel in
         Sao paulo
194 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
                                         •	Imports all of its
                                         products from China
                                         •	Optimized
                                         assortment for digital
                                         TV needs in Brazil
                                         •	Sells and ships
                                         almost exclusively to
                                         end users
                                         •	Expanding into new
                                         business segments
                                         such as WLAN and

                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           195
coMpAnY REpoRT                             Digital TV Retailer USATel, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Brazilians come
Here to Buy                                                                                                             ë   São paulo

Their Digital Tv
products online
■ Jose Manuel pereira is USATel’s Manager. The workshop can be seen in
the background

196 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
■ The company’s Financial Manager is Allam Almughrabi, who, just like the
owner of the company, also comes from Syria. “We have sales of about
100,000 US dollars every year”, he reveals to us after taking a look at his

                                                                                                                        ■ The spirit of the
                                                                                                                        company is secretary
                                                                                                                        and receptionist
                                                                                                                        Letica Lacender

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   Even though “USA” appears promi-                        was digital TV which was just getting                        professional customers. “We also sell
nently in the company’s name, the on-                      started back then.                                           WLAN reception stations.”
line shop USATel really doesn’t have
much in common with that large coun-                         “My business partner and owner of                            The Internet is widely distributed
try in North America. Instead they                         the company Cshaooky Annahas comes                           wirelessly in the 5.8 GHz band through-
are a large online shop in Brazil. The                     from Syria. Twice a year he travels to                       out Brazil. Customers therefore don’t
satellite fan can find anything and ev-                    China and takes care of buying the                           have to wait for their house to be ca-
erything needed here and it gives us a                     products.” USATel is an importer; they                       bled; instead they just install a small
good reason to take a closer look at this                  import the receivers, LNBs and dishes.                       antenna on their house. Even large
company.                                                   “We get many of the satellite dishes                         1.8-meter diameter antennas that are
                                                           from China”, Jose Manuel Pereira tells                       used for reception over longer distanc-
  South of Sao Paulo in the suburb of                      us. Especially popular are the 1.5-me-                       es are available from USATel. “They
Villa Nair somewhere on one of the                         ter antennas for reception of C2 at 70W                      permit reception at distances of even
many hills in this region you’ll find US-                  and B4 at 74W. “Demand for 60cm dish-                        70km”, says Jose Manuel Pereira and
ATel’s headquarters and warehouse.                         es for reception of HISPASAT at 30W                          then continues, “We sell about 2000
There’s no company sign but there are                      and INTELSAT 11 at 45W is strongly                           WLAN reception stations via the Inter-
a number of dishes on the roof and                         increasing”, he adds. Sky uses the IN-                       net every year.”
in the courtyard that suggest there’s                      TELSAT 11 satellite for PayTV services.
something interesting for digital TV en-                                                                                  The small company USATel has decid-
thusiasts going on inside.                                   While USATel sells about 5000 C-band                       ed to focus on just a few products but
                                                           dishes and roughly 10,000 Ku-band an-                        they are products that won’t become
  The company is made up of four                           tennas a year, sales of the matching re-                     obsolete any time soon. This approach
employees; Manager Jose Manuel                             ceivers are considerably less. “We offer                     keeps them ahead of the pack when it
Pereira tells us more: “My financial                       a DVB-S receiver under our own brand                         comes to technological development in
partner and I founded the company                          name USATel; we sell about 1000 of                           their own country Brazil.
back in 2000.” Before that Jose Manuel                     these a year.” But he sees a brand new
Pereira, whose family originally came                      business in IPTV: “We are just getting                       1. An interesting business segment for
                                                                                                                        USATel is WLAn reception antennas
from Portugal, lived for many years in                     started offering IPTV receivers; this                        that they offer in various sizes. In the
Paraguay in Cuidad del Este and ran                        should be a big market for us.”                              background is a cabinet with receivers that
a clothing company. When he moved                                                                                       carry their own USATel brand name.
to Sao Paulo, he got together with                           USATel is an Internet online shop                          2. osmar Gomes is USATel’s Warehouse
                                                                                                                        Manager. He can be seen here preparing a
businessman Cshaooky Annahas. He’s                         that sells to end users. All orders are                      shipment for a customer. 1.8-meter dishes
responsible for the finances and Jose                      shipped to customers; USATel does not                        are hanging on the wall and are used to
                                                                                                                        receive Internet signals in the 5.8 GHz
Manuel Pereira takes care of the busi-                     have walk-in stores. They also have                          range.
ness end of things. The business idea                      a business segment geared towards


198 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

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coMpAnIES ovERvIEW                                  Best Digital Tv companies of the World

of Digital TV Com
A Listings of all Company Reports published by TELE-satellite International Magazine in recent years.
Note: some companies may be out of business due to the fast changes in digital tv trade. We suggest to

 Manufacturers   Company                            Country
                                                           (including Software and Information providers)
                                                                   City          Main Personalities
                 ABC BIZNIS                         Slovakia       Topolcany     Veronika Resetkova
                 ABCOM                              Slovakia       Topolcany     Juraj Masaryk
                 ABCOM                              Slovakia       Topolcany     Juraj Masaryk

                 ALUoSAT                            china                 Shenzhen               Luo Shigang
                 AMIKO                              Hungary               Budapest               József Zsimán, Zsolt Harangi
                 ANTIFERENCE                        UK                    Lichfield              Trevor Paintain
                 ABIPBOX                            Slovakia              Topolcany              Juraj Masaryk

                 APPLIED INSTR.                     USA                   Indianapolis Tom Haywood, Scott Haywood
                 ARION                              Korea                 Seoul                  Jason Lee
                 ARION                              Korea                 Seoul                  Sam Chang

                 AZURESHInE                         Taiwan                Taoyuan                Allen Shen
                 BOIINGSAT                          China                 Zhuhai                 Haowen Chiang, Jason Chiang
                 BOMARE                             Algeria               Algiers                Ali Boumediene
                 BOXSAM                             China                 Jinhua                 Xiaofeng Huang, Jeffrey Zhao

                 BSD                                Brazil                Jundiai                Marcos Bernardini (Benni)
                 BYS                                Algeria               Oran                   Slimane Ait Yala

                 cHAnGHonG                          china                 Mianyang               Richard cheng Li
                 DMS                                USA                   Atlanta                Tim Heinrichs

                 DEVISER                            China                 Tianjin                Zhong Changgan, Jason Wu
                 DISHpoInTER                        UK                    London                 Alan
                 DvBcn                              china                 Shanghai               Anna Xie
                 FORTECSTAR                         Canada                Toronto                David McGrath

                 GLoBALInvAcoM UK                                         Althorne               Ivan Horrocks
                 GLOBALSAT                          China                 Zhuhai                 Mike Miao, Alvin Sun, Josie Yang
                 GoLDEnMEDIA                        Germany               Rudersberg Rose chakir

200 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
mpanies Reviews
o cooperate with those companies marked „recommended“ in last column of list.

        TELE-satellite Company Report                                                 recommended                                      recommended                                             recommended                                                   recommended                                              recommended                                               recommended                                                     recommended                                               recommended                                                 recommended                                             recommended                                               recommended                                           recommended                                               recommended                                             recommended

                                                                              1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                            — 1                                                           201
coMpAnIES ovERvIEW                                  Best Digital Tv companies of the World

                 Company                            Country               City                   Main Personalities
                 GOOSAT                             China                 Zhuhai                 Mike Miao, Alvin Sun, Josie Yang
                 HORIZON                            UK                    Harlow                 John McLoone, Robert Sydee
                 HoRIZon                            UK                    Harlow                 paul pickering
                 HORIZON                            UK                    Harlow                 Paul Pickering, John McLoone
                 HUBER+SUHNER                       Switzerland           Herisau                Patrick Zaina, Othmar Fuchs
                 INFOSAT                            Thailand              Bangkok                Jiraporn Tangpiroontham
                 INFOSAT                            Thailand              Bangkok                Niran Tangpiroontham
                 INFOSAT                            Thailand              Bangkok                Niran Tangpiroontham
                 INPA                               Turkey                Istanbul               Ugur and Nurullah Kaki

                 InvAcoM                            UK                    Stevenage Ivan Horrocks
                 IPOINT                             Hungary               Budapest               Andor Pasztor, Zoltan Korcsok

                 JIUZHOU                            China                 Shenzhen               Huang Wei, Linda Lee
                 JIUZHoU                            china                 Shenzhen               York Xie
                 JIUZHoU                            china                 Shenzhen               Huang Wei
                 JIUZHoU                            china                 Shenzhen               Zhang Enyong
                 JIUZHoU                            china                 Shenzhen               Huang Wei
                 JIUZHoU                            china                 Shenzhen               Jimmy Zhang
                 KAIFA                              China                 Shenzhen               Jackie Yan

                 MFC                                USA                   Syracuse               Carl Fahrenkrug, Sandy Nelepovitz
                 MOTECK                             Taiwan                Taipei                 Gary Wu, Gerald Ku
                 MTI                                Taiwan                Taipei                 Eugene Wu
                 NETUP                              Russia                Moscow                 Abylay Ospan, Evgeniy Makeev, Konstantin Emelyanov

                 PANODIC MICO                       China                 Shenzhen               You Zhen Yu, Alan Yu
                 PREVAIL                            China                 Hangzhou               Xu Quanhai, Necy-xu
                 PROMAX                             Spain                 Barcelona              José-Maria Clotet

                 SATBEAMS                           Belgium               Brussels               Alexander Derjugin
                 SATELLITEGUYS USA                                        Hartford               Scott Greczkowski
                 SATSoUnDS                          Belgium               Brussels               Stefaan cornelis
                 SEATEL                             UK                    Southampton            PeterBroadhurst
                 SEATEL                             USA                   Concord                Lorna Brady Glover

                 SKYWoRTH                           china                 Shenzhen               Jack Jiang
                 SMART                              Germany               St. Georgen            Peter Loble, Christoph Hoefler

                 SMARTWI                            Denmark               Krusa                  Kurt olesen
                 SMARTWI                            Denmark               Krusa                  Kurt olesen
                 SMIT                               China                 Shenzhen               Xueliang Huang
                 SONICVIEW                          USA                   Oceanside              Steve Falvey

                 SoWELL                             china                 Shenzhen               Eagle chain
                 SoWELL                             china                 Shenzhen               Eagle chain
                 SpAUn                              Germany               Singen                 Kevin Spaun
                 SpAUn poWER                        Germany               Singen                 Kevin Spaun

202 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
TELE-satellite Company Report                                                 recommended                                                recommended                                                recommended                                                recommended                                                recommended                                                recommended                                                recommended                                                recommended                                                recommended                                                recommended                                            recommended                                                    recommended                                                 recommended                                           recommended                                               recommended                                       recommended                                               recommended                                               recommended                                                recommended                                                recommended                                                 recommended                                            recommended                                                  recommended                                                  recommended

                                                                     1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                   — 1                                                           203
coMpAnIES ovERvIEW                                  Best Digital Tv companies of the World

                 Company                            Country               City                   Main Personalities
                 STAB                               Italy                 Ferrara                Giorgio Bergamini
                 SUBURSEMESTA                       Indonesia             Jakarta                Liong Ten Fook
                 SVEC                               China                 Chengdu                Wang Duo, Becky, Belinda
                 SVEC                               China                 Chengdu                Wang Duo, Becky, Belinda

                 TENOW                              China                 Shenzhen               Richard Zhang, Bob Liu, Eric Deng, James Liu
                 TEVII                              Taiwan                Taipei                 Matthias Liu
                 TOPFIELD                           Korea                 Seoul                  Dong Hoon Suk
                 TOPSIGNAL                          China                 Ninghai                Zongbao King, Chaofeng Ge, James You
                 TRIMAX                             China                 Shenzhen               Jerry Chu
                 TRIMAX                             China                 Shenzhen               Jerry Chu

                 TSREADER                           USA                   Annapolis Rod Hewitt
                 VIEWTECH                           USA                   Oceanside              Jung Kwak, Rob Rhine
                 WADT                               Brazil                Sao Paulo              Joao Alfredo Wadt Miranda
                 WS INTERNAT.                       USA                   Pacoima                Robby Dosetareh
                 YINHE                              China                 Zhangjiagang           Jianbiao Zhu

 Distributors / Wholesalers / Dealers
                 ATLANTA                            UAE                   Dubai                  Sanjeev Jain
                 CISS                               Singapore             Singapore              Lim ee Cheong
                 CLARK                              Netherlands           Rotterdam              John Kamp
                 COMINTOUCH                         UAE                   Dubai                  Mohan Kumar
                 COWMIX                             USA                   Phoenix                Jeremy Tieman
                 DOEBIS                             Germany               Mundersbach            Rainer Werking
                 DOEBIS                             Germany               Mundersbach            Rainer Werking
                 DVBSHOP                            Germany               Munich                 Axel Hundt
                 ECHOLINK                           UAE                   Dubai                  Ali Abbas
                 EESHOP                             Netherlands           Amsterdam              Antonio Gor-gievski
                 GLOBALSATELLITE                    USA                   Ft Lauderdale          Martin Fierstone
                 GTSAT                              Luxembourg            Luxembourg             Guil Mediouni
                 HYPEX                              UK                    London                 Shyv Sood, Neal
                 INTELLITECH                        HongKong              HongKong               Chris Lee
                 MAX COMMUNIC.                      Germany               Hamburg                Dirk Wittenborg, Thomas Guhlich
                 MENNYFIX                           Spain                 Teneriffe              Manfred Weller
                 MIR ANTENN                         Russia                Moscow                 Rinat Gubeydullin
                 NANOXX                             Germany               Frankfurt              Marcel Hofbauer
                 NASA CNS                           Korea                 Seoul                  Shin Hui Tae
                 OMEGA-SAT                          Brazil                Sao Paulo              Carlos Augusto de Quadros
                 ORSAT                              China                 Chengdu                Li Xiaorong
                 P-SAT                              Hungary               Budapest               Tibor Posta
                 QUALITY SATELLITE                  USA                   San Diego              Sean Falvey
                 RICK‘S SATELLITE                   USA                   Kansas City            Rick Caylor
                 SADOUN                             USA                   Columbus               Jamal Sadoun
                 SAMMEG                             South Africa          Johannesburg           Joel Dorfan
                 SATELLITE-AV                       USA                   Sacramento             Brian Gohl
                 SATMAN                             Canada                Winnipeg               Jerry Fisher
                 SATSHOP24                          Germany               Trobitz                Rainer Schulze, Berndt Rosenberger
                 SEKISAT                            Korea                 Seoul                  Oh Hwan Jung
                 SMARTINNOVATIONS                   Netherlands           Amsterdam              Herbert Verheijden
                 SORTEC                             Slovakia              Bratislava             Ladislav Šmárik, Pavol Macko
                 SQUARE PLAN                        South Africa          Johannesburg           Bernard Ruberg
                 TURBOSAT                           UK                    Sittingbourne          Tomas Lo, Chris Ward
                 TVSAT REAL                         Russia                Moscow                 Sergey Kazimirovich
                 USATEL                             Brazil                Sao Paulo              Jose Manuel Pereira, Allam Almughrabi
                 WORLDWIDE SATEL.                   Netherlands           Purmerend              Dennis and Rob van Leeuwen
                 WORLDWIDE SATEL.                   Canada                Toronto                Nick Aquino

204 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
TELE-satellite Company Report                                                   recommended                                     recommended viewsat .pdf

                                                                      1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                    — 1                                                           205
  coMpAnIES ovERvIEW                                  Best Digital Tv companies of the World


   OF THE WORLD                                              GLoBALInvAcoM H
                                                               AnTIFEREncE H
                                                                    HoRIZon H     H      SMARTWI
                                                                DISHpoInTER H     H      GoLDEnMEDIA
                                                                       SATBEAMS H H      SpAUn
                                                                                  H      SpAUn poWER
                                  MFc H
                              SATGUYS H                              AZBoX H
                             TSREADER H
                             H AppLIED InSTRUMEnTS                                                                                         H DEvISER
WSInTERnATIonAL H                                                                                                                 DvBcn H H TopSIGnAL
                                                                                                                          BoIInGSAT H       H AZURESHInE
                                                                                                                            GooSAT H
                                                                                                                                ALUo-SAT H
                                                                                                                                 JIUZHoU H
                                                                                                                                 pAnoDIc H
                                                                                                                               SKYWoRTH H
                                                                                                                                 SoWELL H
                                                                                                                                  TEnoW H

                                                     H BSD

  206 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                     1-12/2012 —


  US$ 1-5mio


                Read Full Report


         Manufacturer of Tv
   Antennas and Accessories

US$ 10-25mio


                Read Full Report

         Applied Instr.

      Manufacturer of Signal
Analyzer and noise Generator

US$ 10-25mio


                Read Full Report

                                                             1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                           — 1                                                           207
coMpAnIES ovERvIEW                                  Best Digital Tv companies of the World


                 of professional Dishes

    US$ 5-10mio


                             Read Full Report          


                         LnB Manufacturer

  US$ 10-25mio


                             Read Full Report          


                  Digital Tv Information

   US$ 0.5-1mio


                             Read Full Report          

208 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

       Manufacturer of Signal
     Analyzers and Broadcast
    Measurement Instruments

US$ 25-30mio


                Read Full Report


        Information Website
  and Software programming

US$ 0.5-1mio


                Read Full Report


    Digital Tv Forum Website
  and Software programming

US$ 1-2.5mio


                Read Full Report

                                                            1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                          — 1                                                           209
coMpAnIES ovERvIEW                                  Best Digital Tv companies of the World


                of Fibre optic products

    US$ 5-10mio


                             Read Full Report          

                     Golden Media

                   of Digital Tv Receiver

       US$ 1-5mio


                             Read Full Report          


                                  High Quantity

   US$ 100-150mio


                             Read Full Report          

210 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

                of Signal Meters

   US$ 2-5mio


                Read Full Report


        Manufacturer of STB,
      IPTV, LNB, Fibre Optics



                Read Full Report


                     HF Filter



                Read Full Report

                                                            1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                          — 1                                                           211
coMpAnIES ovERvIEW                                  Best Digital Tv companies of the World



   US$ 100-150mio


                             Read Full Report          


                   Satellite Information
                  Website and Software

   US$ 0.5-1mio


                             Read Full Report          


                     Satellite Information
                      Website and Forum

   US$ 0.5-1mio


                             Read Full Report          

212 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

               High Quantity
            STB Manufacturer

US$ 200-300mio


                 Read Full Report


      of Wireless card Reader

  US$ 1-2mio


                 Read Full Report


 Digital Tv STB Manufacturer

 US$ 50-100mio


                 Read Full Report

                                                              1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                            — 1                                                           213
coMpAnIES ovERvIEW                                  Best Digital Tv companies of the World


                       High Quality
          Accessories Manufacturer

       US$ 10-25mio


                             Read Full Report          

                      Spaun power

                         of power Supplies

       US$ 2.5-5mio


                             Read Full Report          


                            Satellite Dish
                       Mass Manufacturer

    US$ 10-25mio


                             Read Full Report          

214 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

                      pc card

 US$ 2-5mio


               Read Full Report


          Analyzer Software
          and programming

US$ 0.5-1mio


               Read Full Report


          of STB and Meters

 US$ 1-2mio


               Read Full Report

                                                             1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                           — 1                                                           215
coMpAnY REpoRT                            Sports Network ESPN, USA


216 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
•	One	of	the	first	USA	TV	channels	to	transmit	via	
•	Has a direct presence or partnerships in many
•	Transmits in HD and 3D as well as on the radio
and via the Internet
•	Largest offering of sports programming

                                                               ■ An enormous dish that is no
                                                               longer in use marks the entrance
                                                               to ESpn’s studio complex.

                                   1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
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coMpAnY REpoRT                            Sports Network ESPN, USA

■ESpn’s satellite dishes in
Bristol, Connecticut
[photo: Scott Greczkowski]

                                                                                                                        ë   Bristol
                                                                                                                            CT, USA

The Largest
Sports network in the World
218 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
  In the world of sports there is one    Programming Network”. But since 1984          ter the terrorist attacks in 2001, ESPN
TV channel that is known around the      it has only been known as ESPN.               greatly increased their security and as
world: ESPN. The ESPN abbreviation          Up to and including live transmis-         a result no longer allow any visitors to
came into existence with the found-      sions, ESPN produces all of its pro-          their studios. But there are exceptions
ing of the TV channel back in 1978 and   gramming from their studios in Bristol,       such as for relatives of ESPN employ-
stands for “Entertainment and Sports     Connecticut in northeastern USA. Af-          ees. We were able to take part in one of

                                                                      1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                    — 1                                                           219

these internal studio tours.                             time numerous channels to be carried                      younger, Scott Greczkowski, founder of
  Two factors came together when                         and just like with cable operators els-                   the “” forum, was a
ESPN came into being. The first was the                  where, ‘United Cable’ also offered pub-                   studio technician for the ‘United Cable’s
newly founded cable networks, such as                    lic access channels. These are chan-                      public access channel.
the one started by cable operator ‘Unit-                 nels that are made available to citizens                    The second factor that spurned ESPN
ed Cable’ in Connecticut. The new tech-                  and enthusiasts to transmit there own                     were two sports enthusiasts, Ed Eagan
nology back then allowed for the first                   programs for free. BTW: When he was                       and Bill Rasmussen. They used the op-

                                                                                                                                 1. Scott Greczkowski
   2                                                                                                                             from
                                                                                                                                 in the ESpn news sports
                                                                                                                                 anchor’s spot. In his youth
                                                                                                                                 Scott witnessed the early
                                                                                                                                 beginnings of ESpn
                                                                                                                                 2. Bristol is proud to be the
                                                                                                                                 home of ESpn

220 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —


1. ESpn broadcasts not only Tv but also radio.
Six radio studios can be found in the Bristol
studio complex.
2. “Sportscenter” is one of their popular
programs. From there ESpn handles live
interviews and also switches over to live events
in stadiums.

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                                     ■A look at one of
                                     ESpn’s studios

                                       portunity to broadcast sporting events
                                       in Connecticut over the ‘United Cable’s
                                       public access channel.
                                          They were so in to the whole idea
                                       that they consistently needed more air
                                       time. And right at the same time the
                                       first satellites began to appear in the
                                       sky. This gave both of them the idea to
                                       broadcast to all of America via satellite
                                       instead of just to cable subscribers in
                                          It all came to fruition in 1979: with
                                       the help of investors they founded
                                       ESPN and leased a satellite transpon-
                                       der. And, of course, at the same time
                                       a studio had to be set up. They chose
                                       Bristol, Connecticut. There they found
                                       the ideal location in a valley where they
                                       could erect the uplink antenna and a
                                       studio complex.
                                          Today there are nine TV studios there,
                                       two combo studios for radio and TV

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■Technicians are highly
focused in the Master
control Room

                                                                                                               as well as six radio studios. The com-
                                                                                                               pany, which was acquired by Disney in
                                                                                                               1996, today has 5000 employees and
                                                                                                               broadcasts not only to the USA but to
                                                                                                               many countries around the world either
                                                                                                               via direct partnerships (ESPN Interna-
                                                                                                               tional) or through affiliated stations.
                                                                                                               Since 2003 ESPN has been available in
                                                                                                               HD with 3D broadcasts available since
                                                                                                               2010, albeit just live transmissions.
                                                                                                                  For sports fans, ESPN offers a large
                                                                                                               assortment of programming and the
                                                                                                               website provides access
                                                                                                               to an enormous sports archive. ESPN
                                                                                                               has had the world of sports firmly in its
                                                                                                               grasp for more than 30 years.

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               ■All of the studio cables come
               together in the network center.

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coMpAnY REpoRT                             Internet TV Provider PPTV, China

HDTv with IpTv
provider ppTv
•	Offers more than 100 TV channels
as well as hundreds of thousands of
programming hours for download
•	Can only be received domestically
in China
•	Large IPTV provider with more
than 100 million users
•	Expansion into the OTT market for
TVs and receivers
•	HDTV is an area of growth and
makes PayTV possible

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                                                        ■ In the Zhangjiang
                                                         Microelectronics Port, an
                                                         office complex directly at the
                                                         Zhangjiang High-Tech park
                                                         station of the #2 Metro line, you’ll
                                                         find PPTV’s headquarters. 500
                                                         people work here; in the branch
                                                         office in Beijing are another 300
                                                         employees and at their third
                                                         location in Guangzhou are yet
                                                         another 100 employees.

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coMpAnY REpoRT                             Internet TV Provider PPTV, China

china’s Largest
IpTv provider                                                                                                           ë   Shanghai

is Expanding
with HDTv
  With more than 100 million unique                        of China, PPTV only shows videos
users per month, the Chinese IPTV pro-                     cleared for foreign transmission.
vider PPTV - from what we know - is
the largest IPTV provider in the world.                      How can you see PPTVs TV channels
With the expansion into HDTV (High                         and videos? “We have a solution for ev-
Definition TV), PPTV’s programming                         ery situation”, declares Steven Shan.
packages are also becoming interesting                     “PC and laptop viewers simply need to
for receiver manufacturers. We met up                      go to our website to view the channels
with PPTVs Vice President and General                      directly. Or you can download our own
Manager of the Multiple Terminal Busi-                     PPTV software.” It’s available in all the
ness Unit, Steven Shan, at the compa-                      different formats: for Windows and Mac
ny’s headquarters in Shanghai to find                      operating systems plus there are spe-
out more about what they are planning.                     cial versions for the iPhone and iPad
                                                           as well as the corresponding Android
  PPTV was founded in 2004 by Bill Yao.                    versions for Smartphones and tablets.
Bill Yao was born in 1980 and that made                    For each “terminal” PPTV provides the
him only 24 years old when he started                      matching user interface; this explains
PPTV! His idea was to take all of the                      the term Multiple Terminal Business
new satellite channels from the Chinese                    Unit that Steven Shan runs and that
provinces and make them available                          is responsible for the matching of the
for everyone via the Internet, in other
words, stream them. The idea caught
on and in 2006 Bill Yao expanded PPTVs
offering to include video-on-demand
and since then PPTV has climbed its
way to the top of the Internet TV and
video ladder with ease. For Chinese
speaking viewers inside of China, PPTV
( is the first website to
go to when it comes to TV and video via
the Internet.

   The reason that PPTV is concentrat-
ing on the domestic Chinese market
has to do with the company’s business
strategy: “PPTV is free”; explains Ste-
ven Shan, “it is financed through adver-
tisements that appear before the start
of a video and through banner ads as
well as other ad methods such as pop
ups.” PPTV’s ad customers have no in-
terest in making their ads available to
viewers outside of China or paying for                         ■Bill Yao is Founder and
it. On top of that there are copyright is-                     president of the IpTv
sues. “Since we concentrate on domes-                          provider ppTv
tic ads, we don’t have to worry about
- with just a few exceptions - the rights
involved with showing TV channels or
videos outside of China.” The IP ad-
dress of every viewer is checked (Geo
location); if the IP address lies outside

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software for each type of interface.                                                                                    compared to its SD video offerings.
                                                            ● 1.4 MB is used for TVs with nor-                          “With these high data transmission
   And now it gets exciting. Depend-                       mal sized TV screens                                         rates, we’ve entered into cooperation
ing on whether the picture is displayed                                                                                 with Internet service provides”, ex-
on an iPhone, a laptop or a big-screen                        ● 2.3 MB is used for big-screen TVs                       plains Steven Shan to us. “For this rea-
TV, different data transfer rates are                                                                                   son with HDTV we are switching to a
required. “Our software automatically                         ● 4 MB for HDTV                                           PayTV model.” PPTV is making HDTV
adjusts itself to the user’s display”, we                                                                               available as a PayTV service. “Most
learn from Steven Shan, “We deliver                           ● 8 MB for big-screen HDTVs                               ISPs can still handle data speeds from
nine different speeds.” Steven Shan                                                                                     1.4 to 2.3 MB. Faster speeds requite a
lists them for us:                                           The last four categories are the most                      fiber-optic connection.”
                                                           interesting for us since these involve
  ● 50 kB is the streaming speed for                       OTT. “These high data transfer rates                           PPTV founder Bill Yao has found an
simple mobile telephones known by                          are only used if the PPTV software is                        interesting strategy here: you start
PPTV as Feature Phones. The picture                        already integrated into the TV.” In 2009                     with free services, offer more and more
quality is sufficient for the small dis-                   PPTV began developing this OTT tech-                         value to the services until you reach a
play screens used by mobile phones                         nology and in 2010 the first TVs began                       point where the customers are willing
                                                           appearing on the Chinese market in-                          to pay for the services. It’s a strategy
  ● 150 kB is for simple Smartphones                       tegrated with PPTV’s OTT function. In                        that many Internet startups have used.
with larger displays                                       2011 there were already 2.5 million of                       The Japanese investment firm Soft-
                                                           these OTT compatible TVs on the mar-                         bank has recognized the potential with
     ● 300 kB is for real Smartphones                      ket; for 2012 PPTV is expecting this                         PPTV; in 2011 Softbank acquired a 35%
                                                           number to increase to 6-7 million. “The
  ● 500 kB is used if the viewer is                        entire market in China accounts for
                                                                                                                        1. vincent Tao has been cEo of ppTv since
watching PPTV channels on his laptop                       roughly 40 million TV sets each year,                        2009. Before that he worked at Microsoft.
or PC                                                      10% of them will be OTT compatible.”                         2. Steven Shan is vice president and
                                                                                                                        General Manager of ppTv’s Multiple
  ● 800 kB is used for iPhone or iPad                        When it comes to HDTV, PPTV’s busi-                        Terminal Business Unit. He’s showing the
                                                                                                                        ppTv application on an ipad; there’s also a
users                                                      ness model looks a little bit different                      matching version for the iphone.

 1                                                                                              2

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                                                                                                                        ■ppTv’s receptionist
                                                                                                                        in Shanghai

              stake in PPTV. Softbank is also involved
              with two other top Chinese Internet
              firms: the sales platform Alibaba and
              the social network service renren. By
              the way, the Chinese government also
              owns a stake in PPTV.

                PPTV has a huge investment in all of
              this: “We operate around 5000 servers
              at more than 200 locations all over Chi-
              na.” This guarantees that every user
              in China can obtain the best possible
              bandwidth for downloading TV chan-
              nels and VoD services.

                 PPTV has very impressively shown
              how an Internet startup managed to
              climb to the top of the ladder in a new
              market segment in just a few years.
              It’s a segment that, with the steady in-
              crease in high speed Internet connec-
              tions, is an important addition to the
              programming offered via satellite or
              terrestrially. PPTV shows that the in-
              tegration of Internet services (OTT) is
              an important task for manufacturers of
              TVs and receivers.

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                                                                                                                        1. A look into
                                                                                                                        the Marketing
                                                                                                                        department. The
                                                                                                                        posters on the walls
                                                                                                                        and ceiling remind
                                                                                                                        the workers to always
                                                                                                                        be strong and to
                                                                                                                        work towards ppTv’s
                                                                                                                        2. An example of Tv
                                                                                                                        reception on a laptop
                                                                                                                        using the ppTv
                                                                                                                        software. More than
                                                                                                                        100 channels from
                                                                                                                        china are streamed
                                                                                                                        by ppTv. They can
                                                                                                                        only be received if
                                                                                                                        the users Ip address
                                                                                                                        is located inside
                                                                                                                        3. crystal Xu is pR
                                                                                                                        supervisor and is
                                                                                                                        standing in front of
                                                                                                                        the “p” from ppTv

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DXer REpoRT                      Jack Moran, San Diego, USA

Satellite DXer
          ■Barely recognizable from the
          street Jack Moran’s 3.0-meter dish
          in the yard of his home in chula
          vista near San Diego in southern

          •	One	of	the	first	satellite	DXers	in	
          the USA
          •	Regularly	records	bullfights
          •	Has his own editing studio in his
          •	Follows NASA’s TV broadcasts

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for 35 Years

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DXer REpoRT                     Jack Moran, San Diego, USA

                                                                    ■Jack Moran’s 3.0-meter
                                                                    antenna. The mast makes
                                                                    up part of a chicken coup;
                                                                    the chickens feel quite
                                                                    comfortable under the

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The new IpTv Standard

• oIpF provides the IPTV market with open end-2-end IPTV specifications
• oIpF includes most IPTV stakeholders
• oIpF stimulates a go-to-market drive from the IPTV industry
open IpTv Forum                                              Tel: +33 4 92 94 43 83
650, Route des Lucioles                                     Fax: +33 4 92 38 52 90
F-06921 SopHIA-AnTIpoLIS cedex                             Email:
France                                                       Website:
1. Jack Moran rarely performs anymore
tests. He has, just for that purpose, erected
a mast in such a way that he can easily
check out new dishes and LnBs.
2. Jack shows us the dish farm on his roof.
“At the moment only one of those dishes is
connected and functioning.” Jack collected
11 Ku-band antennas.


                                                                                                                          There weren’t that many satellite
                                                                                                                        DXers back in 1978: TV via satellite
                                                                                                                        was still in its infancy towards the end
                                                                                                                        of the 70’s. But for Jack Moran it was
                                                                                                                        nothing out of the ordinary; he has al-
                                                                                                                        ways worked in broadcasting.

                                                                                                                          We met up with Jack Moran in his
                                                                                                                        home in Chula Vista, California, locat-
                                                                                                                        ed near San Diego in the southwest-
                                                                                                                        ern corner of the USA right next to
                                                                                                                        the Mexican border. Jack Moran, who

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                                                                       ë        Chula Vista,
                                                                                San Diego

recently retired, sat down with us and
told us how he became a satellite DXer.

  “I was interested in broadcasting
technology way back when I was a
boy”, remembers Jack, “Later on as a
soldier it became part of my job.” Jack
worked in nearly every aspect of the
broadcasting world, from transmis-
sion technician to cameraman. He still
sits behind the camera today covering
a very special segment: he regularly            2

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                                                                                                                        films bullfights in Tijuana, Mexico right
                                                                                                                        on the other side of the border. “The
                                                                                                                        season goes from May to September
                                                                                                                        every year and then on every Sunday
                                                                                                                        there are bullfights that I fully record
                                                                                                                        with my camera.” Today he does this
                                                                                                                        work only for fun but a few years ago
                                                                                                                        he and his wife were actually able to
                                                                                                                        make some money from this by sell-
                                                                                                                        ing DVDs of these bullfights. “2007
                                                                                                                        was our best year; we managed to sell
                                                                                                                        1500 DVDs.”

                                                                                                                          The Internet, though, has brought
                                                                                                                        this business to a standstill – not many
                                                                                                                        people buy DVDs these days anymore.
                                                                                                                        “I am fascinated with bullfighting; in
                                                                                                                        fact, I stood in the arena as a Tore-
                                                                                                                        ro myself back in my younger days”,
                                                                                                                        beams Jack as he shows us a picture
                                                                                                                        from the old days.

                                                                                                                           His fascination with bullfighting is
                                                                                                                        the reason why he converted his home
                                                                                                                        into a real studio. He collected count-
                                                                                                                        less pieces of equipment and connect-
                                                                                                                        ed them all together so that he could
                                                                                                                        electronically edit the videos and store
                                                                                                                        them on a server in his home. “I have
                                                                                                                        five fixed IPs.”

                                                                                                                          The Internet also managed to reduce
                                                                                                                        his enthusiasm for satellite reception.
                                                                                                                        “Today I rarely do any DXing any-
                                                                                                                        more”, admits Jack as he gestures to
                                                                                                                        all the dishes still mounted on his roof.
                                                                                                                        “Only one of them is still connected
                                                                                                                        and working.” He’s still interested in
                                                                                                                        NASA’s satellite broadcast that he reg-
                                                                                                                        ularly receives from AMC-18C (105W).
                                                                                                                          Jack admits that his fascination with
                                                                                                                        satellite reception has faded. “These
                                                                                                                        days my wife, who is originally from
                                                                                                                        Korea, watches her Korean TV chan-
                                                                                                                        nels via the Internet”, laments Jack re-
                                                                                                                        garding this development. Jack saved
                                                                                                                        many of the satellite magazines from
                                                                                                                        the old days. “Here I have many years
                                                                                                                        worth of TELE-satellite that I regularly
                                                                                                                        bought”, explains Jack as he points to
                                                                                                                        the thick stack of TELE-satellite maga-
                                                                                                                        zines. Today, though, he can read the
                                                                                                                        magazine online.

                                                                                                                        1. A look at the rack Jack set up in his
                                                                                                                        2. Still sitting in his living room Tv
                                                                                                                        cabinet: one of the first GENERAL
                                                                                                                        InSTRUMEnTS satellite receivers that
                                                                                                                        Jack used back in 1978. Underneath
                                                                                                                        are the two receivers that he uses
                                                                                                                        today: a DvB-S2 receiver and a box to
                                                                                                                        receive the Mexican payTv package.
                                                                                                                        He uses that to keep track of Mexican
                                                                                                                        bullfighting broadcasts.

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■It’s not everyday
you’d find such an
assortment of studio
technology in a private

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1. Who is that? That’s right, it’s Jack Moran in his
younger days when he himself was a Torero.
2. A cover from one of Jack’s DvDs on which he
recorded bullfights in its entirety from neighboring
Tijuana and then sold to others. Unfortunately, this
business model doesn’t work anymore.
3. Jack saved old TELE-satellite issues in stacks
4. Jack also set up a small camera museum in which
rare camera models can be seen.
5. A picture from the old days: Jack’s wife is busy
cementing in the mast that today carries the 3.0-meter
6. Luo Shigang from Aluosat in china visiting Jack




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DXer REpoRT                      Natalino from Jundiai, SP, Brazil

■ You can already tell from
the street that a satellite DXer
lives here.

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•	Receives with eight satellite dishes
•	Watches it all on three big-screen TVs
•	Always buying the latest equipment
•	Regularly keeps himself informed about everything new
in the world of satellites
•	Very lucky with his wife: she encourages him

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DXer REpoRT                     Natalino from Jundiaí, SP, Brazil

When a
Wife Also
Enjoys Her

                                                                                              ■ natalino on his terrace in front of his 3.0-meter
                                                                                              dish with actuator. Since his house is located
                                                                                              relatively high on a hill in Jundiai, his antenna can
                                                                                              range all the way from 116W (SATMEX 5) to 1W
                                                                                              (InTELSAT 10).

                                                                                                                        ë       Jundiaí, SP

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                                                                                                                                                  ■ He fitted his 3.0-
                                                                                                                                                  meter antenna with
                                                                                                                                                  a c/Ku-band combi

                                                                                                                           Natalino is very lucky: his wife has
                                                                                                                        nothing against his hobby and enjoys
                                                                                                                        watching all those TV channels on their
                                                                                                                        three flat big-screen TVs (one in the
                                                                                                                        bedroom, one in the living room and
                                                                                                                        another in the work room). These chan-
                                                                                                                        nels come from eight fixed satellite an-
                                                                                                                        tennas, five on the roof, one on the ter-
                                                                                                                        race and two mounted on the wall.
                                               ■ close-up view of the mast:                                                As it turns out, he started his hobby
                                                because of its elevated position,
                                                natalino had to secure the mast                                         relatively late. He explains to us that he
                                                with guy wires.                                                         only erected his first antenna in 2005:
                                                                                                                        “That was a 1.5-meter mesh antenna
                                                                                                                        that I had pointed to BRASILSAT B4.”
                                                                                                                           Back then Natalino didn’t really know
                                                                                                                        anything about technology or satellite
                                                                                                                        reception. He never learned a real trade
                                                                                                                        but in the meantime has been success-
                                                                                                                        fully running his own little company with
                                                                                                                        five employees that distributes in his
                                                                                                                        home city of Jundiai Prospect. A good
                                                                                                                        portion of the income he receives from
                                                                                                                        this goes right into his hobby. “So far
                                                                                                                        I’ve probably given out at least 50,000
                                                                                                                        Real (about 20,000 Euros) for all of my
                                                                                                                        reception equipment”, he admits.
                                                                                                                           His second large acquisition was a
                                                                                                                        1.8-meter dish with a motor in 2006.

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 ■ Natalino has five dishes
  mounted on the roof. To the far
  left is a 1.8-meter dish with a
  motor that he is readjusting with
  a signal analyzer. To the right is
  a 2.85-meter antenna that is fixed
  on nSS 806.

“Since I really didn’t know anything        he’s always out there buying something          DW, AlJazeera, Bandeirantes TV in HD,
about satellite reception, I had to re-     new, it’s hard to believe that he’ll ever       TV Columbia and Canal Uno out of Co-
search it all and teach it to myself.”      be able to keep his enormous collection         lumbia, Russia Today and the Brazilian
   A great help to him was Marcus Ben-      organized. But that’s really not all that       channels TV Nazare and Ulbra TV.
ni’s Internet forum at www.portalbsd.       important; he enjoys every new piece              We noticed that there are speakers Here you’ll find Brazilian satel-   of equipment that he buys.                      in every room of the house. Natalino
lite DXers exchanging information. “I         Natalino is definitely not one of those       explains, “I enjoy listening to good au-
visit the forum every day to see what’s     enthusiasts that wants to be able to            dio.” By that though he doesn’t mean
new.”                                       receive as much as possible but then            radio stations but rather a TV channel’s
   Satellite receivers are scattered all    doesn’t have the time to sit down and           audio.
over his house. Since Natalino is now       actually watch these channels. He and             Natalino should be very happy that
right in the middle of renovating and       his wife often sit down in front of their       his wife also enjoys his hobby. That
extending his home, he doesn’t have         55” LED monitor or later in the even-           means that he can continue to spend
much room to organize his equipment.        ing in the bedroom in front of their 52”        more money on new TV equipment. For
“I’m planning to set up a dedicated         Sony Bravia HD monitor. Some of the             satellite product manufacturers, Na-
room just for my equipment.” But since      channels he enjoys watching: CCTV,              talino is the perfect type of customer!

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                                                                                                                        ■ on the other side of the roof
                                                                                                                        natalino installed a 2.6-meter
                                                                                                                        dish with a motor that is currently
                                                                                                                        pointed to BRASILSAT B4. To the
                                                                                                                        right is a 1.8-meter antenna that
                                                                                                                        is also pointed to B4. A fifth dish
                                                                                                                        on his roof at 1.5-meters is also
                                                                                                                        pointed to B4.

■ You can see his five roof-mounted
satellite dishes from his neighbor’s

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  1. Natalino in his bedroom that he has filled with
  2. natalino’s living room. He is discussing the
  details of a newly acquired satellite receiver with
  Marcus Benni from the Brazilian satellite forum

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1. Naturally, Natalino also enjoys reading
TELE-satellite where he learns all about new
satellite receivers and dishes.
2. natalino even has a 4.0-meter antenna but
he had to take it down because of the current
renovations going on in his house. He’s
storing the dish’s segments here and can’t
wait to reinstall this antenna.



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SATELLITE DXer ovERvIEW                                   Hall of Fame of Satellite Enthusiasts of the World
                                                          Hall of Fame of Satellite Enthusiasts of the World

                                                                                                                                        Roy carman  Ralf S
                                                                                                                                              London Eml

                                                                                                Scott Greczkowski
                                                                                              Newington, CT


                                                                                                                        Jundiaí (Sp)
                                                                                                                          Big Ronaldo
                                                                                                                        campinas (Sp)
                                                                                                   Juan carlos
                                                                                                   oscar campos

Satellite and TVRO
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    Feedhunter Rini
    Ron Eberson
Sunke       Rainer Schulz and Berndt
lichheim Rosenberger, Tröbitz
     Leo      Jiri vanek
  Leuven   Jablonec nad nisou
     BSH       Györgi     Laszlo Toth
  Brussels Budapest püspökladany
               Thomas   cahit nuri or
            vienna    Adapazari                                                          Applesat
                         Hakan Kasli                                                   Beijing
                       Antalya                                        pepsi               ShiToy   Jang Lee    Keito Takahashi and
                                                                    Mengyang            Beijing  Gangwon    Takao Kameda, Tokyo

                                        Yahya                                               Luo Shigang
                                      Saudi Arabia                                       Shenzhen
                                                       Siddharth Gautam                  Ken Wong
                                                     new Delhi                         Hongkong

                                                        Satheesan puzhakkara



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SATELLITE DXer ovERvIEW                                   Hall of Fame of Satellite Enthusiasts of the World
                                                          Hall of Fame of Satellite Enthusiasts of the World

 Natalino, Jundiaí, Brazil
                                                               Brazil DX-Ralf          Ralf Sunke, Emlichheim, Germany

 Oscar Campos, Santiago, Chile
                                                                 Chile SatGuy                                                                       USA
                                                                                       Scott Greczkowski, Newington, CT, USA                    

 Big Ronaldo
 Ronaldo Zovaro, Louveira, Brazil
                                                               Brazil Györgi                                                            Hungary
                                                                                       Györgi (George), Budapest               

264 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
Marcos Eduardo Bernardini, Jundiaí (SP)
                                                   Brazil DXer        Daryoush, Mehdi, Saeed, Davood, Milad

DX Bozoth
Laszlo Toth, Püspökladany
                                            Hungary Jang Lee          Jang Lee, Gangwon

Ken Wong
Ken Wong, Hongkong
                                       Hongkong Keito, Takao          Keito Takahashi and Takao Kameda, Tokyo

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                                          — 1                                                           265
SATELLITE DXer ovERvIEW                                   Hall of Fame of Satellite Enthusiasts of the World
                                                          Hall of Fame of Satellite Enthusiasts of the World

 Rainer Schulz and Berndt Rosenberger, Tröbitz
                                                     Germany Siddharth                 Siddharth Gautam, New Delhi

 Pepsi, Mengyang, Sichuan, China
                                                               China Astra Fan         Cahit Nuri Or, Adapazari

 Jiri Vanek, Jablonec nad Nisou
                                                             Czech Satheesan                                                                India
                                                                                       Satheesan Puzhakkara, Thiruvananthapuram                     

266 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
Hakan Kasli, Antalya
                                                 Turkey Stone         ShiToy, Beijing

Yahya, Saudi Arabia
                                 Saudi Arabia Roy                     Roy Carman, London

Vincent, Jakarta
                                         Indonesia Applesat           Applesat, Beijing

                                                                            1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
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SATELLITE DXer ovERvIEW                                   Hall of Fame of Satellite Enthusiasts of the World
                                                          Hall of Fame of Satellite Enthusiasts of the World

 Luo Shigang, Shenzhen
                                                               China Feedhunter Netherlands
                                                                                       Rini de Weijze, Amsterdam                  

 Pharmacist South Africa Ron
 Pieter Redelinghuys, Klerksdorp                                                       Ron Eberson, Amsterdam

 Diego Fernando Sanchez Rosende, Tenerife
                                                               Spain Juan Carlos       Juan Carlos Miranda Duarte, Santiago

268 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
Tony Di Rienzo, Toronto
                                              Canada Leo              Leo Stouten, Leuven

Grandfather South Africa BSH
Ivor Cartmell, Johannesburg                                           Aimé Holvoet, Brussels

Ingo Salomon, Stilfontein
                                  South Africa Thomas                 Thomas Haring, Vienna

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        The World’s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine
        since 1981
                                                                                               IP/ Web
             I N T E R N AT I O N A L

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                  WESTERN EuROPE                                                                                                                      EASTERN EuROPE
                with its English, German and
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                                                                                                                                                      with its Russian, Polish and
                                                                                                                                                                    120°0'0"E                150°0'0"

                  French language editions                                                                                                             Turkish language editions

            TELE-satellite TELE-satellit TÉLÉ-satellite                                                                                        ТЕЛЕ-сателлайт TELE-satelita TELE-satellite

                          Arctic Circle

               EnGLISH                       GERMAn                     FREncH                                                                       RUSSIAn    poLISH          TURKISH
                                             Deutsch                    Français                                                                     Русский     polski          Türkçe

                                                                                                 TELE-satellite serves
                                                                                                    MIDDLE EAST
                                                                                                  with its Arabic, Farsi and
                                                                                                  Hebrew language editions

                                                                                                ‫تيلى-ستاليت‬   TELE-satellite    ‫טלה-סאטלייט‬


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Tropic of Capricorn

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                 with its Arabic, French and                                                     with its English, French and
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                ‫تيلى-ستاليت‬          TÉLÉ-satellite TELE-satélite                             TELE-satellite TÉLÉ-satellite TELE-satélite

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0'0"W                                     0°0'0"                                   30°0'0"E                    60°0'0"E                   90°0'0"E                  120°0'0"E                150°0'0"

               TELE-satellite Magazine is published in all major languages and read worldwide by manu
                                                                                                                                              Map Legend
                                                                           TELE-satellite serves
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                                                                           with its English, Spanish and
                                                                                          90°0'0"W                    60°0'0"W   30°0'0"W

                                                                            French language editions

                                                                    TELE-satellite TELE-satélite TÉLÉ-satellite

           60°0'0"N    60°0'0"N

                                                                       EnGLISH        SpAnISH              FREncH
                                                                                      Español              Français

        TELE-satellite serves
      with its Chinese, Indonesian and
            30°0'0"N 30°0'0"N

          English language editions
                                            Tropic of Cancer

      国际卫星电视          TELE-satelit TELE-satellite

             0°0'0"    0°0'0"

       cHInESE        InDonESIAn         EnGLISH
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                                                                                                                                    Tropic o

                                                                           TELE-satellite serves
           30°0'0"S    30°0'0"S                                            SOuThERN AMERICA
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ufacturers, distributors, wholesalers, dealers, traders and private enthusiasts of digital TV
InTERnATIonAL   TELE-satellite Magazine

    sed tellite?
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            Previous Issues ONLINE
TELE-satellite HISToRY                             TELE-satellite in 1982

                                                                                           Years Ago
                                                                                           Satellite Tv in Europe
                                                                                           one of the regular programmes at the time in Europe is the english
                                                                                           language channel "Satellite Television PLC", transmitted via the
                                                                                           oTS satellite. This channel is only available via satellite.
                                                                                           Further regular programmes can be seen via the French
                                                                                           Symphonie satellite with the 1st French Tv channel. Another
                                                                                           regular programme is the 1st Sowjet channel via the GoRIZonT
                                                                                           To receive these channels legally a reception permit is required.
                                                                                           In West Germany this can be obtained (or more probably not) at
                                                                                           the DBP, in Witzerland at the PTT, in Austria at the Post and in
                                                                                           East Germany at the Dp. The application has to include similar
                                                                                           informations in any case: name of the space orbit station,
 cover page of TELE-satellite 06-07/2002                                                   reception frequencies, which signals are to be received, reason of
                                                                                           reception, type and make of reception equipment and finally the
                                                                                           approval of the entity responsible for the satellite.

276 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           277
TELE-satellite HISToRY                             TELE-satellite in 1992

                                                                                           Years Ago

 cover page of TELE-satellite 06-07/2002
                                                                                           The new Arabsat Pro LNB by California Amplifier works in the S
                                                                                           band range (2.5-2.7 GHz). It's offered with a 5 year garantee.

278 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
                         1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志 — 1                                                           279
TELE-satellite HISToRY                                                                      TELE-satellite in 2002
   The World’s Largest Satellite Magazine
                                                                            MA: 30,00 DH   TR: 8 milyon TL   LI: 6000 LL   DK: 45:- DKr
10-11                                2002   ww w.TE L E - sa tellite. com   JO: 2.00 D     NG: 350 Naira     KE: 200 Sh    IS: 400 Kr     5,95 ¤

                                                          Your Dream System!
                                                             Satellite TV with
                 includes SatcoDX
                                        5       95
                                                               Plasma Screen
                                                                                                                  <p 83>

                  Satellite Chart
                    Full Version                            Unlimited Video Archive!
                                                                       Receiver with

                                                                                                                                                   Years Ago
 Every Satellite Around the World!

                                                                         Hard Drive
                                                                                                                                          <p 21>

                                                                                           Espionage Tip:
                                                                                             How to Find
                                                                                            Those Hidden
                                                                                                                                          <p 12>

         EU                            Stab Italy: Robot Controls Motor                                                              <p 16>

                                                                                                                                                     Juan Carlos Aragón was born in 1964 in Spain. his
                                                                                                                                                   profession is engineer. he came to the satellite Dx
                                                                                                                                                   hobby after years of listening to Short and Medium
                                                                                                                                                   Wave radio stations.

                                                                                                                                                      Oh sure! And who was it that abso-
                                                                                                                                                        lutely had to go with him to the
                                                                                                                                                       “Intelligence Training” course for

                                                                                                                                                           HE !

280 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
Starlight 6800:                                                    HDSM 2:
The complete Monitoring Station                                    DvB Antenna Measurement Unit
   Owners of larger antennas    slots that accept a variety           The alignment of an              installation meter HDSM
with actuators for C-band       of different CA modules. It        antenna on a satellite that         2, has designed an inex-
and    Ku-band     reception    also comes with embedded           has analog signals usually          pensive alternative for the
usually have a difficult time   IRDETO with an appropri-           does not require the use            installer. The unit is about
finding a receiver that has     ate card slot. Up to 5000          of any kind of measure-             the size of a thick paperback
everything that they need:      channels can be stored with        ment equipment. And for             book and it comes complete
a positioner, connections       the current channel shown          private users it goes some-         with a leather pouch and a
for a mechanical polarizer,     on the four-digit display.         thing like this: the picture’s      shoulder strap to help pro-
CI slots for PayTV recep-          But it’s the rear panel         coming, the picture’s there,        tect it from damp weather.
tion and for good audio         of this receiver that will         there’s no snow and done!           It also comes with a char-
and video quality an AC-3       excite the DX’er. In addi-         Digital signals make life a         ger for 100-240 VAC plus a
and S-VHS output. Even          tion to the two Scart con-         little more difficult for the       car charger for 13VDC and
for our test department         nectors and jacks for the          installer. He could of course       an RS-232 cable so that
it wasn’t that easy to find     looped-through IF, there           drag the customer’s receiver        satellite data can be down-
such a receiver. EUROSAT        are also four RCA jacks            and TV up onto the roof             loaded from the Internet.
decided to help by sending      for video, analog stereo           with him and use the on-            All of the control buttons as
us the Manhattan Starlight      audio, programmable 0/12           screen signal strength and          well as the LNB connections
6800. On the front panel of     volts and digital audio (S/        quality bar graphs to prop-         (looped-through) are found
the silver-gray cabinet are     PDIF). Six quick-clamps link       erly align the dish. But the        on the front panel. The dis-
eight buttons that permit       this receiver to an actua-         customer might not be too           play shows the selected sat-
not only the normal opera-      tor (36V/5A max) and a             thrilled with this idea. The        ellites, the polarization, the
tion of the receiver but        mechanical polarizer (such         English company HORIZON             signal strength and quality,
also it programming. The        as a Corotor for C-band and        GLOBAL        ELECTRONICS,          the C/N value and the cor-
6800 comes with two CI          Ku-band).                          Ltd., with its alignment and        rect Bit Error Rate.

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                                        — 1                                                           281
TELE-satellite HISToRY                             TELE-satellite in 2002

What’s behind                                                                                                        Discussions regarding „out-of-
                                                                                                                   footprint“ reception are almost as
out-of-footprint reception?                                                                                        old as satellite transmission itself.
                                                                                                                   however, there has never been a
                                                                                                                   reasonable explanation for the fact
                                                                                                                   that ASTRA can be received in some
                                                                                                                   parts of South America or that TELE-
                                                                                                                   satellite reader k. Schumacher in
                                                                                                                   southern Brazil can receive the
                                                                                                                   analog signals of ASTRA and EuTEL-
                                                                                                                   SAT almost noise free with his self-
                                                                                                                   assembled 8 m antenna. The digital
                                                                                                                   signals, on the other hand, seem
                                                                                                                   to be unreachable with his equip-
                                                                                                                   ment. TELE-satellite International
                                                                                                                   contributor Vladimir T. Lemos is an
                                                                                                                   engineer for spaceship antennas in
                                                                                                                   Washington, D.C. and has addressed
                                                                                                                   this question.

                                                                                                                      Out-of-footprint reception is due in
                                                                                                                   part to the overspill of electromag-
                                                                                                                   netic energy radiated from the satel-
                                                                                                                   lite antenna onto a region beyond that
                                                                                                                   of the intended service area. On a day
                                                                                                                   with a clear sky, there is higher over-
                                                                                                                   spill because more power reaches the
                                                                                                                   ground antenna. Since most satellites
                                                                                                                   are designed to provide, under bad
                                                                                                                   weather conditions, a minimum power
                                                                                                                   flux density at the edge of the coverage
Figure 1                                                                                                           area, there is excess power available for
                                                                                                                   reception when the weather is good.
                                                                                                                      The electromagnetic energy is also
                                                                                                                   spread outside the service area when
                                                                                                                   there is spillover from the feed in a dual
                                                                                                                   reflector antenna system. In a single
                                                                                                                   reflector antenna, the feed spillover is
                                                                                                                   directed towards outer space. Note the
                                                                                                                   distinction between overspill and feed
                                                                                                                   spillover. Figure 1 shows feed spillover
                                                                                                                   in the PLANK satellite dual reflector
                                                                                                                   antenna system: in a Gregorian con-
                                                                                                                   figuration, the feed points towards the
                                                                                                                   small secondary antenna and the large
                                                                                                                   primary 1.5 meter reflector is directed
                                                                                                                   towards the Earth.
                                                                                                                      Overspill suggests that large ground
Figure 2                                                                                                           paraboloidal antennas could receive
                                                                                                                   weaker signals because they would
                                                                                                                   provide higher gain at communication
                                                                                                                   satellite frequencies. However, even a
                                                                                                                   large antenna would not guarantee you
                                                                                                                   could get unintended satellite service
                                                                                                                   in your backyard. Overspill accounts
                                                                                                                   in part for the out-of-footprint recep-
                                                                                                                   tion reports, but mostly for the cases
                                                                       Figure 3                                    where the ground antenna is located
                                                                                                                   near the boundaries of a coverage area.
                                                                                                                   Someone in central Africa with an over-
                                                                                                                   sized Ku-band antenna could pick up
                                                                                                                   signals from EUTELSAT Atlantic Bird 2
                                                                                                                   European coverage area. If there is too
                                                                                                                   much overspill, the signals of adjacent
                                                                                                                   service areas with the same frequency
                                                                                                                   and sense of polarization interfere with
                                                                                                                   other. At lower frequencies, the prob-
                                                                                                                   lem is worse because the radio waves
                                                                                                                   are spread over a broader area. Figure
                                                                                                                   2 shows spillover interference in radio
                                                                                                                   astronomy band: overspill from a wire-
                                                                                                                   less service operating in an adjacent
                                                                                                                   service area adds noise to the system.
                                                                                                                      In order to provide service over an
Figure 4                                                                                                           irregular geographical region that is
                                                      Figure 5
  Links on the Internet
282 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —
enclosed by a contour line, modern communication satel-
lites use shaped reflector antennas. Figure 3 shows the
coverage area of JSAT-110 outlined with a 57dBW EIRP con-
tour line at the edge of coverage, corresponding to a power
flux density of –105.1 dBW/m-2.
   Given that a simple paraboloidal reflector antenna would
focus the electromagnetic energy on a regular (circular
or elliptical) region on the surface of the Earth, the idea
behind a shaped reflector antenna is that by deforming the
reflector surface it is possible to adjust the antenna pattern
to fit the desired service area. This is similar to illuminat-
ing a distorted mirror to produce a distorted reflection. All
EUTELSAT HotBird satellites use a 2.3-meter dual gridded
shaped reflector antenna system. Figure 4 shows a dual
gridded shaped reflector antenna: perpendicular laser-
etched embedded grids on the Kevlar surface allow for the
use of two reflectors, one behind the other. Depending on
the polarization, either the front or back reflector can be
used for transmission or reception.
   However, even the most carefully constructed surface is
not perfect: the electromagnetic energy that is incident on
the reflector is subject to diffraction, which happens pri-
marily at the edges of the reflector. The diffracted waves
may interact with the focused waves or even diverge away                                                        8m dish in Brazil to receive ASTRA from Europe
from the intended coverage area. As the diffracted waves
travel away from the reflector antenna, they interfere with                                                   because modulation schemes based on amplitude and
each other producing arbitrary regions on Earth where the                                                     phase encoding are very sensitive to increases in the bit-
electromagnetic energy is stronger and others where signal                                                    error-rate resulting from depolarization of electromagnetic
is unusable. This phenomenon can be understood if you                                                         energy. It is very difficult to predict where a combination
imagine radio waves turning away from their path as the                                                       of overspill and diffraction of electromagnetic energy could
electromagnetic energy from the feed hits the edge of the                                                     allow for out-of-footprint reception. That would depend on
reflector. Figure 5 shows a diffracted photograph image:                                                      the area of the intended coverage region, orbital location of
spreading of light as they pass thought the camera aper-                                                      the satellite and the characteristics of the satellite anten-
ture. Although diffraction decreases at higher frequencies,                                                   nas, including the shape of the reflector.
it can account for out-of-footprint reception of analogue                                                       Readers may wish to program their satellite receivers
Ku-band signals. Digital signals are more difficult to receive                                                and scan for unintended programming in their area.

                                                                                                                                                 PS-42 P2S

         Pleasing to the Eyes and Ears

         DSR 9400 FTA,
         Plasma Screen and
         Home Theater System

           igital satellite receivers deliver first class video yet some of this
           quality is lost when viewed with a standard TV. The same can be
           said for a digital audio output. It wants nothing more than to be
     linked with a Dolby Surround system that has a digital audio input (opti-
     cal or electrical). Why shouldn’t you simply set up a Dolby Digital Movie
     Theater in your home? Samsung has put together a package for us to
     test that would do the job perfectly.

       Plasma Display PS-42 P2S
        At 32 Kg (70 Lbs) you might need a little help lifting the plasma display onto a
     stand or installing it on the included wall mount. But this is what you get with a

                                                                                           DSR 9400 FTA
     107 cm (42”) picture in 16:9 format.
        On the back of the display, two different video sources can be connected via
     the Scart jack, the RCA jacks or the S-VHS connector. In our tests these sources
     were of course a digital satellite receiver (Samsung DSR-9400 FTA) and the video
     output of the Home Theater HT-DL100. But a PC also has its place on this plasma
     monitor (D-sub 15). A better display for the Internet or for Flight Simulator you
     could hardly find. Two additional audio inputs for analog stereo are also provided.
     The two speakers that hang on either side of the display are connected to the
     built-in amplifier (2 x 7 Watts) via a set of quick clamps. Fortunately, you don’t
     have to be too concerned about this limited power output since the audio can
     also be routed to the Dolby Surround system from which also comes DVD, CD
     and radio tuner audio. Once you have worked through all the different on-screen
     menus, then, with a resolution of 852x480 and a contrast ratio of 700:1, it will
     really feel like a movie theater.

                                                                                                                       1-12/2012 — TELE-satellite International — 全球发行量最大的数字电视杂志
                                                                                     — 1                                                           283
                                                                                                                                                             INTELSAT 10-02 - Europe, Middle East, North India ◄ 359.2 East (000.8 West)
                                                                                                                                  C-Band: INTELSAT 10-02 - Europe, Africa, South East Asia ◄ 359.2 East (000.8 West)
                                                                                                                                                        THOR 5, 6 - Europe ◄ 359.2 East (000.8 West)
                                                                                                                                  AMOS 2, 3 - Europe, Middle East ◄ 356.0 East (004.0 West)
                                                                                                                           EUTELSAT 5 WEST A - Europe ◄ 355.0 East (005.0 West)
                                                                                                           C-Band: EUTELSAT 5 WEST A - Europe ◄ 355.0 East (005.0 West)
                                                                                 NILESAT 101, 102, 201, EUTELSAT 7 WEST A - Middle East ◄ 353.0 East (007.0 West)
                                                                                 EUTELSAT 8 WEST A - Europe, America, Middle East ◄ 352.0 East (008.0 West)
                                                                                                  EXPRESS AM44 - Middle East ◄ 349.0 East (011.0 West)
                                                               C-Band: EXPRESS AM44 - Europe, North Africa, Middle East ◄ 349.0 East (011.0 West)
                                                                                 EUTELSAT 12 WEST A - Europe, Africa ◄ 347.5 East (012.5 West)
                                                                          TELSTAR 12 - Europe, South Africa, Am. ◄ 345.0 East (015.0 West)
                                                                          INTELSAT 901 - Europe, Middle East ◄ 342.0 East (018.0 West)
                                            C-Band: INTELSAT 901 - Europe, Africa, Atlantic Ocean Region ◄ 342.0 East (018.0 West)
                                                                                 NSS 7 - Europe, Africa ◄ 340.0 East (020.0 West)
                                                                            C-Band: NSS 7 - Africa ◄ 340.0 East (020.0 West)
                                                                    SES 4 - Europe, MIddle East ◄ 338.0 East (022.0 West)
                                                                    C-Band: SES 4 - America ◄ 338.0 East (022.0 West)
                                                                  INTELSAT 905 - Europe ◄ 335.5 East (024.5 West)
                                      C-Band: INTELSAT 905 - Europe, Africa, America ◄ 335.5 East (024.5 West)
                                                             INTELSAT 907 - Europe ◄ 332.5 East (027.5 West)
                                 C-Band: INTELSAT 907 - Europe, Africa, America ◄ 332.5 East (027.5 West)
                                       HISPASAT 1C, 1D, 1E - Europe, America ◄ 330.0 East (030.0 West)
                                                        INTELSAT 25 - Africa ◄ 328.5 East (031.5 West)
                                     C-Band: INTELSAT 25 - Europe, Africa ◄ 328.5 East (031.5 West)
                                                 INTELSAT 903 - Europe ◄ 325.5 East (034.5 West)
                                      C-Band: INTELSAT 903 - Europe ◄ 325.5 East (034.5 West)

                                       TELSTAR 11N - Europe, Africa ◄ 322.5 East (037.5 West)
                       C-Band: NSS 10 - Europe, Africa, America ◄ 322.5 East (037.5 West)
                                               NSS 806 - Europe ◄ 319.5 East (040.5 West)
                          C-Band: NSS 806 - America, Europe ◄ 319.5 East (040.5 West)
                                         INTELSAT 11 - Brazil ◄ 317.0 East (043.0 West)
                               C-Band: INTELSAT 11 - Brazil ◄ 315.0 East (043.0 West)
      INTELSAT 14 - Europe, North Africa, South America ◄ 315.0 East (045.0 West)
                        C-Band: INTELSAT 14 - America ◄ 315.0 East (045.0 West)

                                INTELSAT 1R - America ◄ 315.0 East (050.0 West)
                              INTELSAT 707 - America ◄ 307.0 East (053.0 West)
             C-Band: INTELSAT 707 - America, Africa ◄ 307.0 East (053.0 West)
                                   Galaxy 11 - Brazil ◄ 304.5 East (055.5 West)

                                                                                                                 of the
                  C-Band: INTELSAT 805 - America ◄ 304.5 East (055.5 West)
              INTELSAT 9 - Mexico, Brazil, Europe ◄ 302.0 East (058.0 West)
                  C-Band: INTELSAT 9 - America ◄ 302.0 East (058.0 West)
                C-Band: INTELSAT 16 - America ◄ 302.0 East (058.0 West)
          AMAZONAS 1 - Brazil, South America ◄ 299.0 East (061.0 West)
              C-Band: AMAZONAS 1 - America ◄ 299.0 East (061.0 West)
                AMAZONAS 2 - North America ◄ 299.0 East (061.0 West)
                   ECHOSTAR 12,15 - Conus ◄ 298.5 East (061.5 West)
             TELSTAR 14R - Brazil, Mercosul ◄ 297.0 East (063.0 West)
                       STARONE C1 - Brazil ◄ 295.0 East (065.0 West)
     C-Band: STARONE C1 - South America ◄ 295.0 East (065.0 West)
                      STARONE C2 - Brazil ◄ 290.0 East (070.0 West)
    C-Band: STARONE C2 - South America ◄ 290.0 East (070.0 West)
                    AMC 6 - North America ◄ 288.0 East (072.0 West)
           C-Band: AMC 6 - North America ◄ 288.0 East (072.0 West)
                          NIMIQ 5 - Conus ◄ 287.5 East (072.5 West)
           C-Band: BRASILSAT B3 - Brazil ◄ 285.0 East (075.0 West)
        ECHOSTAR 8, 1 - America, Mexico ◄ 283.0 East (077.0 West)
         SIMON BOLIVAR - South America ◄ 282.0 East (078.0 West)
 C-Band: SIMON BOLIVAR - South America ◄ 282.0 East (078.0 West)
                        NIMIQ 4 - Canada ◄ 278.0 East (082.0 West)
                    AMC 9 - North America ◄ 277.0 East (083.0 West)
           C-Band: BRASILSAT B4 - Brazil ◄ 276.0 East (084.0 West)
                   AMC 16 - North America ◄ 275.0 East (085.0 West)
                     SES 2 - North America ◄ 273.0 East (087.0 West)
            C-Band: SES 2 - North America ◄ 273.0 East (087.0 West)
                      GALAXY 28 - America ◄ 271.0 East (089.0 West)
              C-Band: GALAXY 28 - America ◄ 271.0 East (089.0 West)
                           NIMIQ 1 - Canada ◄ 269.0 East (091.0 West)
                  GALAXY 17 - North America ◄ 269.0 East (091.0 West)
         C-Band: GALAXY 17 - North America ◄ 269.0 East (091.0 West)
                   GALAXY 25 - North America ◄ 266.9 East (093.1 West)
                   GALAXY 3C - North America ◄ 265.0 East (095.0 West)
           C-Band: GALAXY 3C - North America ◄ 265.0 East (095.0 West)
                     GALAXY 19 - North America ◄ 263.0 East (097.0 West)
             C-Band: GALAXY 19 - North America ◄ 263.0 East (097.0 West)
                      GALAXY 16 - North America ◄ 261.0 East (099.0 West)
                C-Band: GALAXY 16 - North America ◄ 261.0 East (099.0 West)
                            DIRECTV 4S, 8 - America ◄ 259.0 East (101.0 West)
                                 SES 1 - North America ◄ 259.0 East (101.0 West)
                        C-Band: SES 1 - North America ◄ 259.0 East (101.0 West)
                                   AMC 1 - North America ◄ 257.0 East (103.0 West)
                          C-Band: AMC 1 - North America ◄ 257.0 East (103.0 West)
                                     AMC 15 - North America ◄ 255.0 East (105.0 West)
                            C-Band: AMC 18 - North America ◄ 255.0 East (105.0 West)
                                      ANIK F1R - North America ◄ 252.7 East (107.3 West)
                               C-Band: ANIK F1R - North America ◄ 252.7 East (107.3 West)
                                  C-Band: ANIK F1 - South America ◄ 252.7 East (107.3 West)
                                          ECHOSTAR 10, 11 - America ◄ 250.0 East (110.0 West)
                                                  DIRECTV 5 - America ◄ 250.0 East (110.0 West)
                                                 ANIK F2 - North America ◄ 248.9 East (111.1 West)
                                           C-Band: ANIK F2 - North America ◄ 248.9 East (111.1 West)
                                                         SATMEX 6 - America ◄ 247.0 East (113.0 West)
                                                   C-Band: SATMEX 6 - America ◄ 247.0 East (113.0 West)
                                                              SATMEX 5 - America ◄ 243.2 East (116.8 West)
                                                       C-Band: SATMEX 5 - America ◄ 243.2 East (116.8 West)
                                                                       ANIK F3 - Conus ◄ 241.0 East (119.0 West)
                                                               C-Band: ANIK F3 - America ◄ 241.0 East (119.0 West)
                                                                      ECHOSTAR 14 - Conus ◄ 241.0 East (119.0 West)
                                                                             DIRECTV 7S - Conus ◄ 241.0 East (119.0 West)
                                                         ECHOSTAR 9, GALAXY 23 - North America ◄ 239.0 East (121.0 West)
                                                    C-Band: ECHOSTAR 9, GALAXY 23 - North America ◄ 239.0 East (121.0 West)
                                                                                GALAXY 18 - North America ◄ 237.0 East (123.0 West)
                                                                           C-Band: GALAXY 18 - North America ◄ 237.0 East (123.0 West)
                                                                               C-Band: GALAXY 14 - North America ◄ 235.0 East (125.0 West)
                                                                                               AMC 21 - North America ◄ 235.0 East (125.0 West)
                                                                                   GALAXY 13, HORIZONS 1 - North America ◄ 233.0 East (127.0 West)
                                                                               C-Band: GALAXY 13, HORIZONS 1 - North America ◄ 233.0 East (127.0 West)
                                                                                                                      CIEL 2 - America ◄ 231.0 East (129.0 West)

                                                                                                            C-Band: AMC 11 - North America ◄ 229.0 East (131.0 West)
                                 GLOBAL                                                                        C-Band: GALAXY 15- North America ◄ 227.0 East (133.0 West)
                                 DIGITAL TV
satellite                        MAGAZINE
                                                                                                                           C-Band: AMC 10 - North America ◄ 225.0 East (135.0 West)
                                                                                                                                     C-Band: AMC 7 - North America ◄ 223.0 East (137.0 West)
                                                                                                                                                C-Band: AMC 8 - North America ◄ 221.0 East (139.0 West)
003.0 East ► C-Band: RASCOM QAF 1R - Africa
                 003.0 East ► RASCOM QAF 1R - Africa
                               003.0 East ► EUTELSAT 3C - Europe
                                         003.0 East ► C-Band: EUTELSAT 3A - EUROPE
                                                 004.8 East ► ASTRA 4A - Europe
                                                        007.0 East ► EUTELSAT 7A - Europe, Africa
                                                               009.0 East ► EUTELSAT 9A - Europe
                                                                     009.0 East ► EUTELSAT KA-SAT 9A - Ireland
                                                                          010.0 East ► EUTELSAT 10A - Europe
                                                                                010.0 East ► C-Band: EUTELSAT 10A - Global
                                                                                    013.0 East ► EUTELSAT HOTBIRD 13A,13B,13C - Europe, Middle East
                                                                                         016.0 East ► EUTELSAT 16A - Europe, Africa
                                                                                             017.0 East ► Amos 5 - North Africa, Middle East
                                                                                                 017.0 East ► C-Band: Amos 5 - Africa, Middle East
                                                                                                    019.2 East ► ASTRA 1H,1KR,1L,1M,2C - Europe
                                                                                                        020.0 East ► C-Band: ARABSAT 5C - Africa, Middle East
                                                                                                           021.6 East ► EUTELSAT 21A - Europe, Asia, West Africa
                                                                                                              023.5 East ► ASTRA 3B, THOR 2, ASTRA 1D - Europe
                                                                                                                 025.5 East ► EUTELSAT 25A - Europe, Asia
                                                                                                                    026.0 East ► BADR 4,5,6 - North Africa, Middle East
                                                                                                                       028.2 East ► EUTELSAT 28A, ASTRA 1N,2A,2B - Europe
                                                                                                                         030.5 East ► ARABSAT 5A - Middle East
                                                                                                                            030.5 East ► C-Band: ARABSAT 5A - Asia, Middle East
                                                                                                                               031.5 East ► ASTRA 1G - Europe
                                                                                                                                 033.0 East ► EUTELSAT 33A - Europe
                                                                                                                                   033.0 East ► INELSAT NEWDAWN - Africa
                                                                                                                                     034.0 East ► ARABSAT 2B - Middle East
                                                                                                                                       036.0 East ► EUTELSAT 36A,36B - Europe , South Africa, Asia, Russia
                                                                                                                                         038.0 East ► PAKSAT 1R - Pakistan, North India
                                                                                                                                           038.0 East ► C-Band: PAKSAT 1R - Pakistan, India, Middle East, Africa
                                                                                                                                             039.0 East ► HELLAS SAT 2 - Europe, Middle East, Asia
                                                                                                                                               042.0 East ► TURKSAT 2A,3A - Europe, Russia
                                                                                                                                                045.0 East ► INTELSAT 12 - India, South Africa, Middle East, Europe
                                                                                                                                                  049.0 East ► C-Band: YAMAL 202 - Global
                                                                                                                                                   052.5 East ► YAHSAT 1A -Europe, Middle East, Africa
                                                                                                                                                     053.0 East ► EXPRESS AM22 -Europe, Middle East, North India
                                                                                                                                                      055.0 East ► GSAT-8,ASTRA 1F - Russia
                                                                                                                                                        056.0 East ► BONUM 1 - East Russia
                                                                                                                                                         057.0 East ► NSS 12 - Europe, Russia, Africa, India
                                                                                                                                                          057.0 East ► C-Band: NSS 12 - Europe, Russia, Africa, India, Global
                                                                                                                                                           060.0 East ► INTELSAT 904 - Europe
                                                                                                                                                             060.0 East ► C-Band: INTELSAT 904 - Europe, Africa, Global
                                                                                                                                                              062.0 East ► INTELSAT 902 - Europe, Middle East
                                                                                                                                                               062.0 East ► C-Band: INTELSAT 902 - Europe, China, Australia, South Africa, Global
                                                                                                                                                                063.0 East ► INTELSAT 20 -Europe
                                                                                                                                                                 064.2 East ► INTELSAT 906 - India, Nepal
                                                                                                                                                                  064.2 East ► C-Band: INTELSAT 906 - Europe, Africa, South India, Global
                                                                                                                                                                   066.0 East ► INTELSAT 17 -Europe,Russia
                                                                                                                                                                    068.5 East ► INTELSAT 7 - South Africa
                                                                                                                                                                    068.5 East ► INTELSAT 10 - Africa, Europe, Middle East
                                                                                                                                                                     068.5 East ► C-Band: INTELSAT 10 - Global
                                                                                                                                                                     070.5 East ► EUTELSAT 70A - Europe,Middle East, India
                                                                                                                                                                      074.0 East ► INSAT 4CR - India
                                                                                                                                                                      074.0 East ► C-Band: INSAT 3C - India
                                                                                                                                                                       075.0 East ► ABS-1 - Europe, Asia, Middle East
                                                                                                                                                                       075.0 East ► C-Band: ABS-1 - Global
                                                                                                                                                                        076.5 East ► APSTAR 7 - China
                                                                                                                                                                        076.5 East ► C-Band: APSTAR 7 - Global
                                                                                                                                                                        078.5 East ► THAICOM 5 - Thailand
                                                                                                                                                                         078.5 East ► C-Band: THAICOM 5 - India,China,Thailand, Global
                                                                                                                                                                         080.0 East ► C-Band: EXPRESS MD1 - Russia, North India
                                                                                                                                                                         083.0 East ► INSAT 4A - India
                                                                                                                                                                         083.0 East ► C-Band: INSAT 4A - India, Middle East
                                                                                                                                                                         085.0 East ► INTELSAT 15 - Middle East
                                                                                                                                                                         085.0 East ► HORIZONS 2 - Russia
                                                                                                                                                                         086.5 East ► KAZSAT 2 - Russia
                                                                                                                                                                         087.5 East ► C-Band: CHINASAT 5A - China, India, Midle East
                                                                                                                                                                         088.0 East ► ST 2 - India, Malaysia
                                                                                                                                                                         088.0 East ► C-Band: ST 2 - India, Thailand
                                                                                                                                                                         090.0 East ► YAMAL 201 - Russia, North India
                                                                                                                                                                        090.0 East ► C-Band: YAMAL 201 - Russia, North India
                                                                                                                                                                        091.5 East ► MEASAT 3 - Malaysia, South Asia
                                                                                                                                                                        091.5 East ► C-Band: MEASAT 3 -Global, Thailand, Australia, East Asia
                                                                                                                                                                       091.5 East ► MEASAT 3A - Malaysia, South Asia
                                                                                                                                                                       091.5 East ► C-Band: MEASAT 3A -Global
                                                                                                                                                                      092.2 East ► CHINASAT 9 - China
                                                                                                                                                                      093.5 East ► INSAT 3A,4B - India
                                                                                                                                                                     093.5 East ► C-Band: INSAT 3A,4B - India, Middle East
                                                                                                                                                                     095.0 East ► NSS 6 - India, Middle East, South Africa, North East Asia, Australia
                                                                                                                                                                    096.5 East ► C-Band: EXPRESS AM 33 - Asia, Russia,China
                                                                                                                                                                    100.5 East ► ASIASAT 5 - East Asia, India, Middle East, Thailand
                                                                                                                                                                   100.5 East ► C-Band: ASIASAT 5 - Global
                                                                                                                                                                  103.0 East ► C-Band: EXPRESS A2 - Russia, China
                                                                                                                                                                 105.5 East ► ASIASAT 3S - East Asia, South Asia, Australia
                                                                                                                                                                105.5 East ► C-Band: ASIASAT 3S - Global
                                                                                                                                                               108.2 East ► NSS 11 - South Asia, North East Asia, China
                                                                                                                                                              108.2 East ► C-Band: TELKOM 1 - Indonesia
                                                                                                                                                             108.2 East ► SES 7 - South Asia, Australia
                                                                                                                                                           110.0 East ► BSAT 3A,2C,3C N-SAT 110,JCSAT 110R - Japan
                                                                                                                                                          110.5 East ► C-Band: CHINASAT 10 - China, Asia Pacific
                                                                                                                                                         113.0 East ► KOREASAT 5 - South Korea, North East Asia
                                                                                                                                                        113.0 East ► C-Band: PALAPA D - Asia, Australia
                                                                                                                                                      115.5 East ► C-Band: CHINASAT 6B - Global
                                                                                                                                                     116.0 East ► ABS 7 - South Korea
                                                                                                                                                    116.0 East ► KOREASAT 6 - South Korea
                                                                                                                                                  118.0 East ► C-Band: TELKOM 2 - Global
                                                                                                                                                122.0 East ► ASIASAT 4 - East Asia, Australia
                                                                                                                                               122.0 East ► C-Band: ASIASAT 4 - Global
                                                                                                                                             124.0 East ► JCSAT 4A - Japan
                                                                                                                                           125.0 East ► C-Band: CHINASAT 6A - China
                                                                                                                                         128.0 East ► JCSAT 3A - Japan
                                                                                                                                       128.0 East ► C-Band: JCSAT 3A - Asia
                                                                                                                                     132.0 East ► VINASAT 1 - Vietnam
                                                                                                                                   132.0 East ► C-Band:VINASAT 1 - Asia, Australia
                                                                                                                                 132.0 East ► JCSAT 5A - Japan
                                                                                                                               134.0 East ► APSTAR 6 - China
                                                                                                                            134.0 East ► C-Band: APSTAR 6 - Asia, Australia
                                                                                                                          138.0 East ► TELSTAR 18 - India, China
                                                                                                                       138.0 East ► C-Band: TELSTAR 18 - Asia, Australia
                                                                                                                    140.0 East ► EXPRESS AM3 - Russia, China
                                                                                                                 140.0 East ► C-Band: EXPRESS AM3 - Russia, China
                                                                                                              144.0 East ► SUPERBIRD C2 - Japan
                                                                                                           150.0 East ► JCSAT 1B - Asia
                                                                                                        152.0 East ► OPTUS D2 - Australia, Newzealand
                                                                                                     154.0 East ► JCSAT 2A - Japan
                                                                                                 154.0 East ► C-Band: JCSAT 2A - Asia&Oceania&Hawaii
                                                                                             156.0 East ► OPTUS C1,D3 - Australia, Newzealand
                                                                                         160.0 East ► OPTUS D1 - Australia, Newzealand
                                                                                     162.0 East ► SUPERBIRD B2 - Japan
                                                                                164.0 East ► OPTUS B3 - Asia
                                                                           166.0 East ► INTELSAT 8 - Australia, Newzealand, North East Asia
                                                                     166.0 East ► C-Band: INTELSAT 8,19 - Australia
                                                               169.0 East ► C-Band: INTELSAT 5 - Pacific
                                                         172.0 East ► GE 23 - South Pacific, South East Pacific
                                                  172.0 East ► C-Band: GE 23 - Pacific                                                                    copyright 2012 by TELE-satellite Magazine
                                          180.0 East ► INTELSAT 18 - Australia, Pacific
                                180.0 East ► C-Band: INTELSAT 18 - Pacific                                                                                        

Manufacturers        4%
Distributors         8%
Wholesaler           18%
Dealers              27%
Installers           12%
Satellite Provider   2%
Cable Provider       8%
IPTV Provider        5%
Program Provider 6%
Governmental         2%
Institutional        2%
Private Enthusiasts 6%
Top 25                Top 25 to 105                   Top 106 to 180
Countries             Countries                       Countries
> 4000 Readers        > 175 - 4000 Readers            < 175 Readers

Brazil        31066   Canada                   3931   Ethiopia                  163
                      Slovakia                 3706   Myanmar                   158
                      Saudi Arabia             3696   Montenegro                154
Germany       28576   Ukraine
                                                      Malta                     150
                                                      Palestinian Territories   139
                      Switzerland              2939   Netherlands Antilles      138
                      Austria                  2917   Trinidad and Tobago       133
United States 22229   Croatia                  2854   Mali                      128
                      Tunisia                  2746   Botswana                  117
                      Malaysia                 2483   Brunei                    115
Iran          14120   Sweden                   2429   Armenia                   114
                      Iraq                     2414   Zimbabwe                  107
                      Israel                   2234   Costa Rica                106
Italy         13981   Norway                   2198   Niger                     106
                      Argentina                2072   Tanzania                  106
                      Australia                2061   Maldives                  102
UK            12658   Chile                    1965   Malawi                    101
                      Serbia                   1917   Namibia                    99
                      United Arab Emirates     1683   Suriname                   96
                      South Africa             1656   Afghanistan                94
Indonesia     10656   Ireland                  1504   Azerbaijan                 94
                      Denmark                  1448   Mauritania                 94
                      Thailand                 1331   Madagascar                 91
China         10418   Venezuela                1270   Zambia                     85
                      Mexico                   1149   Martinique                 75
                      Finland                  1088   Haiti                      72
Netherlands   10078   Philippines              1034   Uzbekistan                 70
                      Colombia                  998   Gambia                     67
                      Sri Lanka                 966   Guatemala                  66
Turkey         9581   Nigeria                   891   French Polynesia           66
                      Lithuania                 872   Angola                     61
                      Lebanon                   861   New Caledonia              61
                      Bosnia and Herzegovina    858   Congo                      59
Romania       8645    Jordan                    848   Honduras                   59
                      Syria                     838   Rwanda                     58
                      South Korea               781   Burkina Faso               54
Algeria       8566    Yemen                     746   French Guiana              51
                      Sudan                     738   Nepal                      51
                      Libya                     723   Guadeloupe                 48
France         8144   Macedonia                 715   Kyrgyzstan                 48
                      Kenya                     605   Seychelles                 48
                      Japan                     603   Réunion                    46
Hungary       6056    Peru                      592   Jamaica                    45
                      Cyprus                    589   Mozambique                 45
                      Kuwait                    560   Djibouti                   43
Poland         5722   Puerto Rico               512   Guyana                     43
                      Hong Kong                 507   Cambodia                   40
                      Qatar                     486   Benin                      38
                      Albania                   475   Comoros                    38
India         5552    Panama                    475   Tajikistan                 37
                      Moldova                   466   Gabon                      34
                      Latvia                    464   Togo                       32
Belgium        5370   Oman                      448   Bermuda                    29
                      Taiwan                    445   Greenland                  29
                      Uruguay                   445   Monaco                     27
Russia         5310   Ecuador                   427   El Salvador                27
                      New Zealand               427   Cape Verde                 26
                      Slovenia                  398   Mongolia                   26
Morocco        4941   Senegal                   398   Dominica                   22
                      Paraguay                  389   Somalia                    22
                      Luxembourg                381   Burundi                    21
                      Georgia                   323   Turkmenistan               19
Greece         4675   Mauritius                 320   Laos                       16
                      Ghana                     318   Macau                      16
                      Vietnam                   307   Bahamas                    14
Czech Republic 4466   Estonia                   296   Fiji                       14
                      Bolivia                   293   Papua New Guinea           14
                      Bahrain                   286   Belize                     13
Portugal       4416   Côte d’Ivoire             280   Nicaragua                  13
                      Belarus                   274   Cuba                       11
                      Aruba                     254   Guinea                     11
Egypt         4293    Singapore
                                                      Isle of Man                11
                                                      British Virgin Islands     11
                      Dominican Republic        224   U.S. Virgin Islands        11
                      Iceland                   184
Spain          4187   Cameroon                  181
                      Kazakhstan                179
                      Barbados                  178
Bulgaria       4016   Uganda                    178
    TELE-satellite Deadlines
      Issue                                     TELE-satellite                 TELE-satellite                 TELE-satellite        TELE-satellite
                                                11-12/2012                     01-02/2013                     03-04/2013            05-06/2013
      #                                         1211                           1301                           1303                  1305
      Editorial Deadline                        31 August 2012                 2 November 2012                28 December 2012 1 March 2013
      Advertisement Deadline
                                                7 September 2012 9 November 2012 4 January 2013                                     8 March 2013
      Hardcopies                                19 October 2012                21 December 2012 15 February 2013                    19 April 2013
      Online                                    2 November 2012                4 January 2013                 1 March 2013          3 May 2013

    Digital TV Exhibitions
                                                                                                                    broadcasting technology and
                                                                                                                    equipment expo in the Asia-Pacific
                                                             7 - 9 February 2013                                    Beijing International Exhibition
                                                             CSTB 2013                                              Center, Beijing, China
                                                             Key professional media event                           Opening Hours:
                                                             covering all the cutting-edge                          21 - 22 March: 9:00am - 5:00pm
                                                             formats and trends of TV and                           23 March: 9:00am - 4:30pm
                                                             telecommunication: digital                   
                                                             cable, satellite, free-to-air TV;                      13 - 16 April 2013
     3 - 5 November 2012
                                                             IPTV; OTT TV; HDTV and 3DTV;                           hkTDC Spring
     SCaT India 2012
                                                             mobile TV; TV content; multi-                          Hongkong, China
     South Asia‘s Largest Tradeshow
                                                             service networks; satellite
     of the Indian Cable & Satellite
                                                             communications, etc.
     Television Industry
                                                             IEC “Crocus Expo”, Pavilion 1
     World Trade Centre, Cuffe Parade,
                                                             Moscow, Russia
     Mumbai, India                                                                                                  8 - 11 April 2013
                                                                                                                                        NAB Show 2013
                                                                                                                    Essential destination for broader-
                                                                                                                    casting® professionals who share a
                                                             26 -28 February 2013
                                                                                                                    passion for bringing content to life
                                                             AndinaLink 2013
                                                                                                                    on any platform
                                                             Cartagena de India, Colombia
                                                                                                                    Las Vegas Convention Center, USA
                                                                                                                    Opening Hours:
                                                                                                                    8 - 10 April: 9:00am - 6:00pm
                                                                                                                    11 April: 9:00am - 2:00pm
     8 - 11 January 2013                                                                                  
     2013 International CES
     Manufacturers, developers and                                                                                  4 - 6 June 2013
     suppliers of consumer technology                                                                               ANGA 2013
     hardware, content, technology                                                                                  Cologne, Germany
     delivery systems and related                            19 - 21 March 2013
     products and services                                   CABSAT 2013                                            18 - 21 June 2013
     Las Vegas Convention Center, Las                        Premier Broadcast & Satellite                          CommunicAsia 2013
     Vegas Nevada, USA                                       Platform in the ME & North Africa                      CommunicAsia2013 will feature
     Opening Hours:                                          Dubai International Convention and                     a comprehensive range of the
     8 January: 10:00am - 6:00pm                             Exhibition Centre, Dubai, UAE                          latest products, technologies and
     9 - 10 Jan.: 9:00am - 6:00pm                            Opening Hours:                                         solutions, and offer an enhanced
     11 January: 9:00am - 4:00pm                             19 - 20 March: 10:00am - 6:00pm                        platform for business networking                                          21 March: 10:00am - 5:00pm                             and partnership opportunities.
                                                                                            Basement 2, Levels 1, 4 & 5
                                                                                                                    Marina Bay Sands, Singapore
                                                             19 - 21 March 2013                                     Opening Hours:
     16 - 18 January 2013                                    IPTV Forum                                             18 - 20 June: 10:30am - 6:00pm
     Convergence India 2013                                  London, UK                                             21 June: 10:30am - 4:00pm
     New Delhi, India                                                                                     
                                                             21 - 23 March 2013
                                                             CCBN 2013                                              6 - 9 August 2013
                                                             China Content Broadcasting                             ABTA 2013
                                                             Network Exhibition - largest                           São Paulo, Brasil

290 TELE-satellite International — The World‘s Largest Digital TV Trade Magazine — 1
                                                                                   1-12/2012 —

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