Mid face trauma test

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					Mid-face trauma

                  Mid-face trauma
mid face trauma :
  It refers to injury of the midface which is composed of the nasal, zygoma, maxilla,
   ethmoid and its conchae, palatine, inferior concha and vomer which are collectively
   known as the middle third of the facial skeleton.

Etiologies of mid-face trauma :
  motor vehicle , accidents, falls, assaults, and other blunt trauma.

 There are several systems for classification of midface fractures But, the commonly used
  one is that classified into:
naso-orbitoethmoid Fractures, zygomaticomaxillary Complex Fractures, orbital
   fractures, and Le Fort Fractures ( I, II ,III )

Aim of study : is To have a comprehensive and thorough understanding of the anatomy, etiology,
  classifications, types, principles, evaluate and analyze different strategies for the surgical treatment
  of the mid-facial injury
Mid face trauma
                            Mid-face trauma

Management of mid-face trauma : Before surgical treatment,

•   Physical inspection of the face and oral cavity,- facial palpation, and- specialist consultations.
    radiographic evaluation,

•   Initial management : management Airway maintenance with cervical spine control Breathing and
    ventilation, Circulation with hemorrhage control, Disability: neurological status Exposure: complete
    examination of the patient

•   Full Laboratory examination

   Surgical approach : The surgical treatment of displaced craniofacial fractures centers around restoring
    the preinjury alignment of the skeleton by using rigid fixation and to resolve functional deficits .

   Types of surgical treatments

     All mid face fractures can be anatomically reduced and fixed by :
Plates in case of displaced fractures
MMF in case of maxillary undisplaced fractures
                        Midface trauma

Conclusion of my study :

Midface fractures . The review of this study have outlined the anatomy of the critical
  midface buttresses, the common fracture patterns, and their surgical relevance in order to
  aid and hope of increasing the speed and accuracy of addressing these injuries
Thank you

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