• What are interactive Whiteboards
• How do interactive Whiteboards work
• How are interactive whiteboards being used in the classroom
• Advantages of using interactive whiteboards in the classroom
• Disadvantages of using interactive whiteboards in the classroom
• General issues concerning interactive whiteboards
As schools move progressively into a digital learning
environment interactive whiteboards are being widely
adapted in primary and secondary classrooms.
By being connected to a computer the interactive
whiteboard display typically emulates the computer mouse
and keyboard and is operated by a special pen or finger
touch depending on the model. Either front or rear
projection models can be used and software is available
to support all learning areas.
(department of education and training, 2007)
What are interactive
• Technical devices that can be used in the classroom
• Allows you to: - write on the surface of the board
- print off images, save to computer or distribute over a
• There are two types
1) Virtual electronic
2) Large physical display panel
Interactive whiteboards are technological devices that can be used in the classroom or lecture setting the technology allows you to
write or draw on the surface of the board, print off an image, save it to your computer or distribute it over a network. There are two
types of whiteboards.
• Virtual electronic: enables learners in a virtual setting to view what an instructor or teacher writes or draws.
• A large physical display panel that can function as an ordinary whiteboard, a projector screen in which the computer image can be
controlled by touching or writing on the surface of the panel instead of using a mouse or keyboard.
How do interactive whiteboards
There are four components:
• Appropriate software
• display panel
Interactive whiteboards are comprised of four components: a computer, a projector, appropriate software and the display panel. The
projector and whiteboard is connected to the computer through a wired medium or with a wireless connection. The projector displays
the computer screen image onto the board. Most interactive whiteboards capture annotations and emulate mouse and keyboard
functions. Depending on the use, users can click links and icons which further the content of the lesson.
How are interactive whiteboards
being used in the classroom
• Show anything presented on a
• Write over the top of programs
• Work collaboratively
• Connect video’s
• Offer features similar to traditional
• Run online tests
Interactive whiteboards are used in many schools as a replacement of the traditional whiteboards or flip charts. They can be used to:
• show students anything that can be presented on a computer desk top
• Write over the top of programmes to highlight main points
• View and navigate the internet from a whiteboard
• promote group work
• Work collaboratively on word processing documents, spreadsheets etc.
• connect to video conferencing systems
• Offers similar features to the traditional whiteboards i.e. Writing directly on the board, marking objects, highlighting or labelling etc.
• show video clips to explain concepts
• create drawings, notes and concept maps during class time
Advantages of using
interactive whiteboards in
• Broadens e-learning
• Enhances presentation
• Helps learners absorb information easily
• Encourages group discussion
• Collaborative learning
• Provides learner feedback
• Sharing of resources
The benefits of using interactive whiteboards in the classroom are extensive some of these advantages include:
• They help broaden the use of e-learning because they demonstrate other modes of learning
• Enhance teachers’ presentation content by integrating a wide range of material into the lesson.
• Allow learners to absorb information easily
• Encourages group discussion rather then the usual note taking
• Allow for collaborative learning
• Potential for widespread sharing of resources
• When used for testing they can provide learner feedback
Disadvantages of using
in the classroom
• More expensive
• Not very durable
• Free standing
• Fixed height boards
can not be adjusted
The disadvantages of using an interactive whiteboard in the classroom include:
• They are more expensive the conventional whiteboards
• Not very durable, there surface can easily become damaged
• Free standing boards a more difficult to secure
• Fixed height boards can not be adjusted and are often too high or too low for
Issues concerning Interactive
• Technical issues: Tracking
• Functional issues: Available
• security and convenience: Fixed
whiteboards or standing
• Cost issues: There is both cheap
and expensive whiteboards
According to TechLearn (2002) the Issues concerning interactive whiteboards include:
Technical issues: Tracking capacity is one technical issue that occurs with an interactive whiteboard. High tracking speed means that writing and images appear
on the screen virtually as they are executed and low tracking means that there is a delay of execution.
Functional issues: Not all interactive whiteboards offer the same software packages an thus you must ensure that you allows you to do what is needed, i.e. draw
and write, print and save and customise.
Security and convenience issues:
Interactive Whiteboards can be either fixed or standing. Standing white boards are portable but they are not stable in there position and thus it could move
throughout the lesson. On the other hand, fixed bards are made more secure but are less flexible to use.
Cost issues: The higher the resolution and the faster the tracking speed the more the whiteboard will cost. The least expensive whiteboards are usually dual
membrane resistive boards which is operated by either your finger tip or a special stylus. The more expensive boards are laser scanners, operated by markers
From the presentation it has been
concluded that the use of Interactive
whiteboards in the classroom will positively
benefit the learners by providing an
advanced learning environment. This
device introduces the children to different
uses of the computer and thus they can
broaden their ICT knowledge for the future.
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