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Topics • Introduction • What are interactive Whiteboards • How do interactive Whiteboards work • How are interactive whiteboards being used in the classroom • Advantages of using interactive whiteboards in the classroom • Disadvantages of using interactive whiteboards in the classroom • General issues concerning interactive whiteboards • Conclusion Introduction As schools move progressively into a digital learning environment interactive whiteboards are being widely adapted in primary and secondary classrooms. By being connected to a computer the interactive whiteboard display typically emulates the computer mouse and keyboard and is operated by a special pen or finger touch depending on the model. Either front or rear projection models can be used and software is available to support all learning areas. (department of education and training, 2007) What are interactive whiteboards? • Technical devices that can be used in the classroom • Allows you to: - write on the surface of the board - print off images, save to computer or distribute over a network • There are two types 1) Virtual electronic 2) Large physical display panel Interactive whiteboards are technological devices that can be used in the classroom or lecture setting the technology allows you to write or draw on the surface of the board, print off an image, save it to your computer or distribute it over a network. There are two types of whiteboards. • Virtual electronic: enables learners in a virtual setting to view what an instructor or teacher writes or draws. • A large physical display panel that can function as an ordinary whiteboard, a projector screen in which the computer image can be controlled by touching or writing on the surface of the panel instead of using a mouse or keyboard. How do interactive whiteboards work There are four components: • computer • Projector • Appropriate software • display panel Interactive whiteboards are comprised of four components: a computer, a projector, appropriate software and the display panel. The projector and whiteboard is connected to the computer through a wired medium or with a wireless connection. The projector displays the computer screen image onto the board. Most interactive whiteboards capture annotations and emulate mouse and keyboard functions. Depending on the use, users can click links and icons which further the content of the lesson. How are interactive whiteboards being used in the classroom • Show anything presented on a desk top • Write over the top of programs • Work collaboratively • Connect video’s • Offer features similar to traditional whiteboards • Run online tests Interactive whiteboards are used in many schools as a replacement of the traditional whiteboards or flip charts. They can be used to: • show students anything that can be presented on a computer desk top • Write over the top of programmes to highlight main points • View and navigate the internet from a whiteboard • promote group work • Work collaboratively on word processing documents, spreadsheets etc. • connect to video conferencing systems • Offers similar features to the traditional whiteboards i.e. Writing directly on the board, marking objects, highlighting or labelling etc. • show video clips to explain concepts • create drawings, notes and concept maps during class time Advantages of using interactive whiteboards in the classroom. • Broadens e-learning • Enhances presentation • Helps learners absorb information easily • Encourages group discussion • Collaborative learning • Provides learner feedback • Sharing of resources The benefits of using interactive whiteboards in the classroom are extensive some of these advantages include: • They help broaden the use of e-learning because they demonstrate other modes of learning • Enhance teachers’ presentation content by integrating a wide range of material into the lesson. • Allow learners to absorb information easily • Encourages group discussion rather then the usual note taking • Allow for collaborative learning • Potential for widespread sharing of resources • When used for testing they can provide learner feedback Disadvantages of using interactive whiteboards in the classroom • More expensive • Not very durable • Free standing • Fixed height boards can not be adjusted The disadvantages of using an interactive whiteboard in the classroom include: • They are more expensive the conventional whiteboards • Not very durable, there surface can easily become damaged • Free standing boards a more difficult to secure • Fixed height boards can not be adjusted and are often too high or too low for the user Issues concerning Interactive Whiteboards • Technical issues: Tracking capacity • Functional issues: Available software packages • security and convenience: Fixed whiteboards or standing • Cost issues: There is both cheap and expensive whiteboards According to TechLearn (2002) the Issues concerning interactive whiteboards include: Technical issues: Tracking capacity is one technical issue that occurs with an interactive whiteboard. High tracking speed means that writing and images appear on the screen virtually as they are executed and low tracking means that there is a delay of execution. Functional issues: Not all interactive whiteboards offer the same software packages an thus you must ensure that you allows you to do what is needed, i.e. draw and write, print and save and customise. Security and convenience issues: Interactive Whiteboards can be either fixed or standing. Standing white boards are portable but they are not stable in there position and thus it could move throughout the lesson. On the other hand, fixed bards are made more secure but are less flexible to use. Cost issues: The higher the resolution and the faster the tracking speed the more the whiteboard will cost. The least expensive whiteboards are usually dual membrane resistive boards which is operated by either your finger tip or a special stylus. The more expensive boards are laser scanners, operated by markers Conclusion From the presentation it has been concluded that the use of Interactive whiteboards in the classroom will positively benefit the learners by providing an advanced learning environment. This device introduces the children to different uses of the computer and thus they can broaden their ICT knowledge for the future. Reference List CanWell. (2005) your educational consultant: e-learning solutions and learning management systems. Retrieved May 16, (2008), from http://www.canwell.net/ Concept audio visual. (n.d.) Product catalogue. Retrieved May 16, 2008, from www1.conceptav.com.au/product.aspx?product_type=5 Department of education and teaching. (2007) interactive whiteboards. Retrieved May 16, 2008, from http://www.det.wa.edu.au/education/cmis/eval/curriculum/ict/iwb/index.htm Division of Education, Arts and Social Sciences (2008) David Unaipon College of Indigenous Education and Research. Retrieved may 16, 2008, from www.unisa.edu.au/icer/ E-learning gateway. (2007) Interactive whiteboards or smart boards. Retrieved May 16, 2008, from www.elearning.soton.ac.uk/.../about.htm Electronic learning. (2008) interactive whiteboards . Retrieved May 16, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interactive_whiteboard Reference List Cont. eFinancial careers. (2007) welcome to campus Access.com. Retrieved may 16, 2008, from www.campusaccess.com/ Feldlaufer, H. Chief, B. (2007) Early childhood education. Retrieved may 16, 2008, from http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2678&Q=320780 Interactive media solutions group. (2007) Starboard FX – series interactive whiteboards. Retrieved May 16, 2008, from http://starboard.hitachi- soft.com/jsp/hitachi/hitachisoft/icg/products/education/details/K-12_Fseries_t.html Wedgewood ICT Group. (2008) Interactive whiteboards general information. Retrieved May 16, 2008, from http://www.wedgwood-group.com/whiteboard_help.htm Klaus companies. (N.D.) Professional audio/video division. Retrieved May 16, 2008, from www.klausco.com/SMARTboards.html St Mary’s catholic primary school. (2007) Another exciting year. Retrieved May 16, 2008, from www.st-marys.bathnes.sch.uk/events/Events0405.htm Reference List Cont. TechLearn (N.D.) Interactive white boards in education. Retrieved May 15, 2008, from http://www.jisc.ac.uk/uploaded_documents/Interactivewhiteboards.pdf This is Witvhita state. (N.D.) learning to teach. Teaching to Learn. Retrieved may 16, 2008, from www.wichita.edu/thisis/academics/education.asp Video conference index. (2008) SMART Board 600i Interactive Whiteboard. Retrieved May 16, 2008, from www.ivci.com/videoconferencing_smart_board_60...
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