MEXICO: HISTORY TIMELINE OF MAJOR EVENTS
DATE EVENT/TOPIC DESCRIPTION
1502 Montezuma becomes Moctezuma II ( aka Montezuma ) (1466-1520) assumes Aztec
1519 Hernan Cortez arrives in Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) founds
Mexico Veracruz. Cortes enters Tenochtitlan and captures Moctezuma.
1520 Montezuma killed Moctezuma II ( aka Montezuma ) is killed
1528 Catholic Conversions Juan de Zumarraga (1468-1548) arrives as bishop of Mexico City
and begins native conversion to Catholicism
1718 Texas Settled Franciscan missionaries settle in Texas which is of New Spain.
Mission San Antonio de Valero was established which later
became famous as the Alamo
1810 Mexican Independence September 16 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753-1811)
preaches his Grito de Dolores, sparking rebellion and the War of
1811 Hidalgo killed Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is captured and executed
1822 Emperor of Mexico General Augustin de Iturbide assumes control as Emperor of
1829 End of slavery President Vicente Guerrero abolishes slavery
1829 Spanish defeated (again) A Spanish attempt at re-conquest is halted by General Antonio
Lopez de Santa Anna (1794-1876)
Texas declares its independence
1836 Battle for the Alamo A band of 189 Texas volunteers defied a Mexican army of
thousands for 13 days of siege at the Alamo
1836 Capture of Santa Ana Battle of San Jacinto - General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna is
captured by Sam Houston
1846 US-Mexican War Pg. 147-
1848 The treaty of Guadalupe Pg. 147-
Hidalgo reduces Mexico's
1858 Benito Juarez becomes Pg. 148-
1862 French occupy Mexico City the French occupy Mexico City and Napoleon III of France
appoints Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria as Emperor of
1862 Cinco de Mayo May 5- Battle of Puebla: The battle ended in a victory for the
Mexican Army over the occupying French forces. The victory is
celebrated annually in Mexico during the festivities of Cinco de
Mayo, the 5th of May.
1864 Maximilian is executed Maximilian is executed
1910 Mexican Revolution Pg. 221-
1913 Madero is assassinated
Madero is assassinated. Victoriano Huerta seizes power.
1914 Huerta resigns. Huerta resigns. He is viewed with suspicion by the United States
for his alleged pro-German sympathies. Huerta is succeeded by
1916 US forces cross the border Pg. 223-
after “Pancho Villa”
1917 New Constitution Pg. 222-
1920 Carranza is murdered
Carranza is murdered. Civil war follows.
1929 Formation of PRI Party The National Revolutionary Party is formed. In 1946 it is re-
named the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI.
1934 President Lazaro Cardenas Pg. 236-237-
1942 WWII Mexico declares war on Japan and Germany.
MEXICO: HISTORY TIMELINE OF MAJOR EVENTS (cont.)
DATE EVENT DESCRIPTION
1968 Tlatelolco Massacre Pg. 296-
1985 Earthquake in Mexico City Earthquake in Mexico City kills thousands and makes many more
1993 NAFTA Pg. 313-315-
1994 Zapatistas and Indian rights Pg. 317-
1994 Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Presidential elections won by PRI candidate Ernesto Zedillo Ponce
Leon becomes president de Leon, after the previous candidate, Luis Donaldo Colosio, was
1995 EZLN agreement The government and the EZLN reach an agreement on greater
autonomy for the indigenous Mayans of Chiapas.
1997 PRI losses The PRI suffers heavy losses in elections and loses its overall
majority in the lower house of parliament for the first time since
1997 Indian massacre 45 Indians killed by paramilitary gunmen in a Chiapas village. The
incident causes an international outcry, President Zedillo starts an
2000 Vicente Fox becomes Vicente Fox of the opposition Alliance for Change wins
president presidential elections, the first opposition candidate ever to do so.
Parliamentary elections see the Alliance for Change emerge as the
strongest party, beating the PRI by just over 1%.
2001 Subcomandante Marcos Zapatista guerrillas, led by Subcomandante Marcos, stage their
'Zapatour', a march from Chiapas to Mexico City to highlight their
2001 Indigenous rights Parliament passes a bill increasing the rights of indigenous people.
A few days later, Subcomandante Marcos rejects the bill, saying it
leaves the Indian population worse off than before. Marcos says
the uprising in Chiapas will continue.
2002 Former President Luis Former President Luis Echeverria is questioned about massacres
Echeverria is questioned of student protesters in 1968, when he was interior minister, and
in 1971 when he was president.
2004 Genocide of 1971 Investigator deems 1971 shooting of student protesters by
government forces to have been genocide; judge refuses to order
arrest of former President Luis Echeverria on charges that he
2006 Disappeared women of A federal post of special prosecutor is created to tackle violent
Juarez crime against women. Mexico had been criticized by the UN and
rights groups over the unsolved murders of more than 300
women over 12 years in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
2006 Felipe Calderon becomes Conservative candidate Felipe Calderon is declared the winner of
president presidential elections with a razor-thin majority over his leftist
rival, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who challenges the result
with mass street protests. The Federal Electoral Tribunal confirms
Mr. Calderon's win in September.
2006 US-Mexico border fence US President George W Bush signs legislation to build 1,125km
(700 miles) of fencing along the US-Mexico border. Mexico
condemns plans for the barrier, which is intended to curb illegal
2006 Federal police in Michoacan A new federal police force is created to tackle drugs cartels;
thousands of troops are deployed in the western state of
Michoacan as part of a major anti-drug trafficking drive.
2007 Carlos Slim A financial website says that Mexican telecoms tycoon Carlos Slim
has overtaken Microsoft founder Bill Gates to become the world's
2008 Protest against violence Hundreds of thousands join marches throughout Mexico to protest
against continuing wave of drugs-related violence.
2009 Army troops in Ciudad Army troops enter Ciudad Juarez, on the border with the US, as
Juarez open warfare erupts between rival drug gangs.
2009 Swine flu Authorities close schools and public buildings after dozens are
confirmed to have been killed by the virulent new swine flu virus.
2010 U.S. responsibility for President Calderon calls on United States to share responsibility in
violence battle against drug trafficking, after murder of three people
connected to US consulate in border city of Ciudad Juarez.
2011 Protest against violence Thousands participate in protests across Mexico against drug-
related violence. The marches are called by Mexican poet Javier
Sicilia, whose son was murdered in March 2011; protests continue
throughout the summer.
2012 Drug war violence Drug war violence in Mexico took a life an average of every half
hour last year in Mexico, the government estimates. Total deaths
stand at over 47,515, according to the government tally.