FRUITS by huangyuarong


									List of 48 different fruits:

Camu Camu berry
Goji berries
Passion Fruit
Prickly Pear
Apple - a global favourite fruit and a good source of vitamin C

Apricot - soft, sweet and juicy orange coloured fruit packed with beta-carotene.

Avocado - Fatty soft flesh and a large stone in a thin outer casing. These trees produce
hundreds of fruits which taste buttery and rich.

Breadfruit- a single Malayan tree produces up to 200 or more grapefruit sized fruits
each season. Breadfruit flesh can be roasted, baked or fried and the taste is like bread
(hence the name).

Banana - yellow curved tropical fruit beloved the world over. In terms of global sales
this tops the list of fruits. Originally from tropical Southeast Asia bananas grow pointing
upward on the worlds largest herbaceous flowering plant. Most people mistake the plant
for a tree, but once the fruits are ripe the main stem (which may have grown to 25ft tall)
dies off and a new one starts growing. Although the common yellow banana is a sweet
tasting fruit the starchier common plantain is also popular, but often makes an
appearance in savory dishes, particularly in the West Indies.

Blackberry - The fruit of the bramble bush which is a very common european wild
bush, blackberries are also cultivated and blackberry jam is a british favourite. Picking
blackberries is enjoyable, but the bush has sharp spines. Blackberries find their way into
wines and liqueurs, but apart from jam, their most common use is in blackberry and
apple pies.

Blackcurrant - A european native currant also popular for jams.

Blueberry - A north American fruit high in antioxidants. The small bushes grow in acidic
soils, producing hundreds of small blue fruits in early summer.

Cherimoya- or custard apple. A delicious south american fruit with a white flesh which
does indeed taste of apples and custard. The seeds and skin are toxic, but the flesh is
utterly delicious.

Cherry - Related to both plums and apricots, the cherry tree produces small red fruits
with a distinctive taste. Sweet and fragrant, cherries are a midsummer treat.

Clementine - A sweet orange citrus fruit from the mandarin family. Clementines are
much easier to peel than oranges.

Coconut - Should this even be in a list of fruits? The fruit of the coconut palm is
harvested throughout the tropical world for food, oil and Coir (the brown fibrous husk of
the coconut).

Cranberry - American bog berry, high in vitamin C. An astringent taste makes it a great
breakfast fruit.
Custard Apple - see Cherimoya

Durian - A thorn-covered outer layer reveals a strong smelling fruit that is most
definitely an acquired taste.

Fig - The fruit we know of as the fig is actually the flower of the fig tree. Sweet and

Grapefruit - A breakfast favourite, The large sharp but succulent grapefruit has a yellow
skin and is about three times the size of an average orange. Much more sour than an
orange and with a bitter tang too, the grapefruit needs to be fully ripe or alternatively a
little sugar can be added.

Grape - Clusters of green, yellow or red fruits grow on vines in many parts of the world.
Eaten fresh or turned into wine, grapes are a very popular fruit.

Guava - Round or oval fruits between 4 and 12 cm long. The taste is slightly perfumed
and sweet and Guavas are packed with vitamins A and C.

Jackfruit - Related to Guava but much bigger fruits that can grow to 80 lbs in weight.
the taste is unique and many westerners find they cannot enjoy them, but in Asia
jackfruits are hugely popular.

Kiwi - Green to brown skinned fruit with a hairy surface. Inside is a sharp but sweet
flesh that goes equally well in a traditional sweet fruit salad as it does in a tomato salad.
Try slicing kiwi and tomato and layering them alternately in a dish. A sprinkle of salt is
all you need to complete this surprisingly good salad.

Lemon - The king of citrus fruits and essential in Mediterranean cookery. Southern Italy
is particularly famous for cooking with lemons.

Lime - Green relative of the lemon. Vitamin C rich limes were given to british sailors to
ward off scurvy, which kept them healthy but led to the nickname 'Limey' being used as
an insulting term for a british person.

Loganberry - A cross between raspberries and blackberries and like both parents is
high vitamin C.

Mandarin - Relative of the satsuma

Mango - Tropical fruit

Mangosteen -

Melon - In Italy the melon sellers walk the beaches selling slices of cool watermelon to
sunbathers. The massive heavy round green fruits are cut open to reveal a deep red
watery sweet flesh that seems to dissolve in the mouth. One of the worlds great
summer pleasures is spitting the inedible watermelon seeds out as far as possible.

Nectarine - A hairless form of peach that grows in slightly more northern latitudes than
its more tender cousin. Delicious to eat freshly picked from the tree. Nectarines have a
sweet orange coloured flesh full of juice.

Orange - Popular citrus with many varieties. The navel orange is so called because the
depression at the end looks like a bellybutton.

Papaya - Large central american fruits generally eaten raw.

Peach - The fine experience of picking and eating a fully ripe peach from a tree and
eating it there and then has little competition for unalloyed pleasure. A thin downy skin
parts to reveal rich succulent flesh that is sweet and delicious.

Pear - A northern european native, the pear is a wonderful fruit although not as popular
as apples these days, largely due to shorter shelf life.

Persimmon - see Sharon Fruit

Pineapple - Very popular in the 17th Century when first imported into europe. Sir
Christopher Wren wanted to replace the ancient Gargoyles on the roof of St Georges
Chapel in Windsor with a row of stone pineapples, but thankfully, wiser heads prevailed.

Plum - Plums are small stone fruits that taste wonderfully sweet when very ripe, but
quite tart while ripening. The can be found in many colours including yellow, white,
green or red, but most commonly they are a deep purple shade (often with a white waxy
bloom on the outside).

Pomegranate - These fruits have been popular in tropical regions for thousands of
years. The juice is now sold as having health giving high antioxidant levels.

Quince- The quince is related to apples and oranges, but unlike its relatives quinces
are too hard to eat raw and taste pretty poor too. They need to be 'bletted' (softened by
frost and then a little decay) before being eaten. They are generally used to make jams
and jellies which have a certain 'christmassy' scent that sets them apart from other

Satsuma - A citrus fruit smaller than an orange, which is both seedless and easy to

Sharon Fruit (Persimmon) -

Strawberry - So easy to grow and so delicious to eat. For the british, strawberries and
cream are the ultimate taste of summer. At the Wimbledon tennis championships
28,000 kilogrammes of strawberries are eaten by spectators. The only problems with
strawberries is that the sweetest varieties only last a short time once harvested, so
supermarkets often have varieties which may look nice, but taste of practically nothing.

Tamarillo -

Ugli Fruit - It is very ugly. A huge great lump of a citrus fruit that is apparently a hybrid
cross of grapefruit, orange and tangerine. Jamaican tangelo is the kinder, but less
memorable name.

Watermelon - A large melon with sweet and extremely watery flesh. Very refreshing
and sold on beaches to sunbathers throughout europe.

     Fruit Banana, Apple Banana, Baby Banana, Baking Banana,Red Banana, Plantain.

     One stoned fruit
     Avocado, Bignay, Date, Gandaria, Golden Apple, Hogplum, Indian Jujube, Ita
     Palm, Mango, Lychee, Mammey Apple, Mammey Sapote, Malay Apple, Nance, Otaheite
     gooseberry, Peach Palm, Rambutan, Rose Apple, Sansapote, Star Nut Palm, Surinam Cherry,
     Sea Grape, Velvet Tamarind

     Segmented fruits
     Biriba, Breadfruit, Champedak, Cherimoya = Anon, Custard Apple, Mountain Soursop,
     Morinda, Nangka, Jackfruit, Pineapple, Soncoya, Sweetsop, Sugar Apple, Soursop

     2 - 10 seeded fruits
     Akee, Araza, Barbados Cherry, Black Sapote = Chocolate-Fruit, Carambola = Starfruit,
     Ceylon Gooseberry, Durian, Jaboticaba, Kepel, Ketupa, Loquat, Lucuma,
     Loquat, Mangosteen,Nashi pear, Persimmon, Rambai, Sala, Salak, Santoli, Kechapi, Sapodilla,
     Star Apple, Voavanga, Water Apple

     More than 15 seeded fruits
     Alibertia, Bael Fruit, Calabash, Cannonball, Cape gooseberry, Feijoa, Genipap, Giant
     Granadilla, Guava, Jamaica Cherry, Kiwano, Kiwi Fruit, Monkey Bread, Passion Fruit, Papaya =
     Paw-Paw, Philippine Roseapple, Pitahaya, Pomegranate, Sweet Grenadilla, Tree Tomato, Wood
     Apple, Chalta.

                                  Types of citrus fruit

                   Clementine                Leech Lime                Sweety

                   Grapefruit                Mandarin                  Tangerine

                   Kumquat                   Minneola                  Tangelo
            Lemon                       Orange                      Ugli

            Rough Lemon                 Pummelo


          Apple             Fig                    Pear

          Apricot           Nectarine              Plum, pluot, plumcot

          Cherry            Peach                  Quince


                            Home - The different types of fruit - Berries

                            Bilberry                               Currants, white
                            Blackberry                                Gooseberry

                            Blueberry                                        Grapes

                            Boysenberry                                    Raspberry
                            Cranberry                                Huckleberry
                            Currants, red                             Strawberry

                                                  Horned Melon /
               (Juan) Canary Melon                                                Sharlyn

               Cantaloupe                         Melon-pear

               Casaba                             Musk Melon                      Sweet Melon

                                                                                  Tree Melon /
               Crenshaw                           Net melon

               Charantais                         Ogen melon                      Watermelon
Christmas Melon   Pepino Melon    Wax Melon

Derishi           Persian Melon   Winter Melon

                  Russian/Uzbek   Yellow
                  Melon           Watermelon

Honeydew          Santa Claus     Xigua

To top