The Development of Package Holidays - geographywellsway

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					The Development of Package
         Holidays
 L.O: to know the impact of the package
     holiday on the travel and tourism
                 industry.
ALL will be able to describe the start of
            the package holiday
MOST will be able to explain why tourism
                   grew
SOME will be able to explain the change
    in tourism over the past 30 years.
  When did the package holiday
            start?
• During the industrial revolution (1750 –
  1900) the working classes lived and
  worked in terrible conditions.
 Because of the horrible conditions many
people in the UK turned to drink – despite
             being very poor.

  Thomas Cook (1808-
   1902) was a Baptist
 and was appalled at the
   drunkenness of the
   working classes. He
  encouraged something
 called TEMPERENCE –
  which tried to reduce
  the amount of people
    who drink alcohol.
   Because Temperance was quite
popular, meetings took place across
 the country. Due to the invention
  of the railways in 1825, Cook was
 able to arranged a chartered train
from Leicester to Loughborough for
     a meeting on July 5th 1841.
 Thomas Cook found that this was
  very popular, and he decided to
arrange a number of excursions to
 destinations in the UK – including
 to seaside resorts, which made a
    difference to their normal
          everyday lives.
The first international package
            holiday
             In 1855 Thomas Cook
                arranged his first
                packaged holiday
              abroad – they visited
              Belgium, Germany and
                   France – all
               arrangements were
                  made by Cook!
 What sort of holidays were there
          in the 1900s?
Leisure time and disposable income was limited (e.g.
   they worked very long hours and had little spare
   money), but the interest in travelling grew very
        quickly in the UK, particularly coastal
      destinations such as Brighton became very
                        popular.
 The package holiday ‘Holiday Camp’
In 1931 Harry Warner opened the first holiday
   camp on Hayling Island, followed in 1936 by
            Billy Butlin at Skegness.




Tourists received a package of accommodation
  in chalets, 3 meals a day and entertainment
            for an all-inclusive price!
These holidays grew in popularity and in 1972
    Butlins took a record 1 million bookings!
Reasons for MASS TOURISM
• Holidays with pay act 1938 (people were paid
  by their employer when on holiday).
• After the soldiers returned from overseas
  from the 2nd World War people wanted to go
  abroad.
• First overseas package holiday BY AIR in
  1950 by Vladimir Raitz who founded Horizon
  Holidays.
• In the 1960s and 70s several major tour
  operators started business including the
  Thomson Travel Group.
    Technological Advances
• Faster and larger aircraft (quicker and
  more convenient and cheaper)
• Improved transport networks (can go to
  more places easily)
• Introduction of computerised booking
  systems (easier to book a holiday)
           Changes in lifestyle
• People worked less and earned more money – so
  more time and money to spend on holidays!
• 1990s – people became more demanding in their
  holiday choice – long-haul holidays to America
  and South-East Asia became popular.
• All-inclusive holidays at resorts (everything
  included in the price makes it easier for
  tourists)
• Holiday makers wanted new experiences so
  specialist holidays grew (e.g. rock-climbing)
• Cruises became one of the fastest growing
  sectors in the tourism market.
• End of the 1990s people wanted more holidays
  so short-stay holidays and city-breaks increased
  e.g. to Paris or Prague.
    What you need to include -
Development of package holidays:

• early developments e.g. Thomas Cook;

• growth of mass market;

• specialist holidays e.g. all-inclusive, city
  breaks, long-haul, cruising

				
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posted:1/19/2013
language:English
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