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Chapter 26 Test Bank Multiple Choice 1. Notable for ornamental delicacy, intimacy, and playful elegance, the ________ style dominated the salons of Paris and the courts and churches of Austria and Germany. a. beaux arts b. Rococo c. baroque d. Romanesque Answer: b 2. Which of the following was a female painter who produced portraits for an almost exclusively female clientele? a. Watteau b. Boucher c. Vigée-Lebrun d. Fragonard Answer: c 3. Which of the following was First Painter to King Louis XV, head of the Royal Academy in Paris, and a favorite of the Marquise de Pompadour? a. Watteau b. Boucher c. Vigée-Lebrun d. Fragonard Answer: b 4. Which of the following painting masters began his or her career painting theatrical backdrops? a. Watteau b. Clodion c. Vigée-Lebrun d. Fragonard Answer: a 5. Encouraged by the philosophes’ demand for an art of moral virtue, Greuze and Chardin produced ________ paintings that were among the most popular images of the eighteenth century a. sacred b. portrait c. genre d. cubist Answer: c 1 6. Archeological investigations encouraged new interest in ________ artifacts and produced a more accurate picture of Classical culture than had been available previously a. biblical b. Middle Eastern c. Greco-Roman d. Asiatic Answer: c 7. Just as the French Revolution swept away the Old Regime, so ________ replaced the Rococo style. a. baroque b. Neoclassicism c. Romanticism d. modernism Answer: b 8. In America, ________ was best expressed in the architectural achievements of Thomas Jefferson. a. baroque b. Neoclassicism c. Romanticism d. modernism Answer: b 9. The Scottish architect of the new style who focused on Greco-Roman residential manors in England, such as Kedleston Hall, was ___________. a. Adam b. Soufflot c. Houdon d. Wedgwood Answer: a 10. Which of the following was the English pottery-maker famous for Classical motifs? a. Adam b. Soufflot c. Houdon d. Wedgwood Answer: d 11. Neoclassicists drew on the arts of imperial Rome to glorify the French capital of Paris and emperor a. Louis XIV. b. Napoleon. c. Charles I. d. Philip the Fair. Answer: b 2 12. Classical music was characterized by ________, features similar to those admired by Neoclassical writers, painters, sculptors, and architects. a. order b. symmetry c. intellectual control d. All these answers are correct. Answer: d 13. Flutes, clarinets, and oboes belong to which of the following orchestral groups? a. strings b. percussion c. brass d. woodwinds Answer: d 14. Which of the following is a musical composition for an unaccompanied keyboard or other instrument with only keyboard accompaniment? a. symphony b. concerto c. sonata d. quartet Answer: c 15. Both Mozart and Beethoven studied at different times with which of the following composers? a. Haydn b. J. S. Bach c. Handel d. Brahms Answer: a Essay 16. Describe the Rococo style as an expression of upper-class taste. 17. Describe Neoclassicism as a vehicle for noble idealism and authority in Western art. 18. Highlight the major developments in eighteenth-century music: the birth of the orchestra and new forms of classical composition. 19. Explain the development of genre realism and Neoclassicism as stylistic alternatives to the Rococo. 20. Describe the aspects of Neoclassical architecture of the era and give examples of any buildings you can recall having this style. 3
"Chapter 26 Test Bank"